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  • 1.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Commercial web sites - role models for improving democracy?2004In: 4S EASST Conference,2004, Paris: Ecole de Mines de Paris, Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation , 2004, p. 778-779Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Hushållet - ett sociotekniskt system med sociogeografisk genomsläpplighet ingår i rapporten Drivkrafter till förändring - essäer om energisystem i utveckling2005Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kommersiella diskussionsfora - en demokratisk förebild?: om hur man kan dra lärdom av vad kommersiella aktörer redan gjort i utformandet av officiella webbplatser2008In: Vardagsteknik: energi och IT: forskning om hållbar användning av samhällets IT- och energisystem / [ed] Jenny Palm och Kajsa Ellegård, Stockholm: Carlssons förlag , 2008, p. 126-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok tar upp energi- och IT-användningen i dagens moderna samhälle. Jämförelser mellan järnvägsbyggandet boom och datasamhällets bubbla görs. Hur hanteras elektricitet och demokrati? Vad innebär inrednings- och göra omprogram i i-världen för resursförbrukningen? Ett flertal forskare granskar dagens konkreta verklighet ur dessa perspektiv.

  • 4.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Solar heating - like having a Nuclear Power Plant under the stairs?2005In: ENHR European Network for Housing Research,2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Solar Power: Like Having a Nuclear Power Plant in the Wardrobe? An Analyzis of How People Living with an Alternative Energy System Experience this New Technology2006In: 2006 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficience in Buildings,2006, Washington D.C: ACEEE, 1001 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 801, Washington, D.C. 20036 , 2006, p. 100-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    KOntakta förf för mer info, ISBN 0-918249-56-2

  • 6.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Solvärme - som att ha ett kärnkraftverk under trappan?2006In: Energi, IT och Design,2006, 2006, p. 11-12Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Visualisera energi i hushåll: Avdomesticeringen av sociotekniska system och individ- respektive artefaktbunden energianvändning2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One problem in promoting sustainable energy use is that energy is taken for granted. Energy as resource needs to be made visible. This dissertation aims to develop knowledge that can contribute to more sustainable development by analyzing different ways to visualize domestic energy systems. Three different forms of visualization are analyzed: a locally situated heating-system, the Power Aware Cord, and a diary method. How people understand their energy use is analyzed using a modified version of domestication theory as developed by Silverstone et al. (1992). Another focus is the paradox that forms of visualization themselves risk becoming invisible by virtue of being domesticated. The heating system still does not function as intended, and the non-functioning of the heating system has been the most effective means of visualizing the system. The solar collectors are visible and are a dominant element of the area’s architecture; this has helped visualize, make people aware of, and confer an understanding of the sun as an energy source. A technical control room and technicians have also helped visualize the existence of the heating system. The system as a whole, and the households’ own parts of it, has been visualized. The Power Aware Cord is the general shape of an extendable power strip, with the additional integration of voltage-measuring electronics and electroluminescent wire. This additional wire contains a phosphor layer that glows when an altering current is introduced. The cords’ strength lies in visualizing the household energy use of particular electrical devices. The time diary method visualizes the household members’ individual and inter-related ctivity patterns in a broader, more general way. The analysis shows that the already invisible resource energy, which has been made doubly invisible through domestication, can be de-domesticated through the domestication of forms of visualization. At the same time, the forms of visualization themselves risk being made invisible by being domesticated; for forms of visualization to have any lasting effect, strategies for avoiding this must be developed.

  • 8.
    Löfström, Erica
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Visualizing household energy use in the interest of developing sustainable energy systems2008In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 935-940Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy is an important social resource on which we depend in our everyday lives; however, energy-related emissions constitute a major environmental burden, so in Sweden a major political goal is to reduce total energy consumption and to use energy more efficiently. To achieve this, users need to transform their behaviour and start reflecting on their energy use. This paper discusses three different methods for visualizing energy use, namely information tools, keeping time diaries, and using the “Power-Are Cord.” Each method has its pros and cons, but combining different methods could prove a useful way to drawing attention to household energy use and the possibilities for energy reduction. By combining the data gained from the different methods, we are more likely to find strategies that are better suited to people’s behaviour.

  • 9.
    Löfström, Erica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Lundh, Magdalena
    Fasta tillståndets fysik Uppsala universitet.
    Jonsson, Andreas
    Fasta tillståndets fysik Uppsala universitet.
    Hushåll med solvärme - ett svenskt pilotprojekt i Anneberg2005Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Löfström, Erica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    On the Invisible Socio-Technical system - The Great Unknown2007In: Power and Energy Systems.: Proceeding of the Ninth IASTED Internationl conference / [ed] Erica Löfström, Jenny Palm, Anaheim: ACTA Press , 2007, p. 111-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy is an important resource in society and we often depend on energy in our everyday life. Energy related emissions constitute at the same time a major environmental load, and we need to use energy more efficient. To develop sustainable energy systems users need to transform their behavior and start reflecting on their energy use. The aim with this paper is to discuss different methods to visualize energy use in households. We will discuss experience from three different methods to visualize energy, namely information, time-diaries and a power aware cord. Every method has its drawbacks, but combining the three methods could be one way to highlights households energy use and their possibility to energy conservation. By using the results from the introduction of time-diaries and technical artefacts in households when developing information campaigns and in energy guidance, we can probably find strategies that appeal more closely to peoples behaviour hence making it easier for households to put the advice into practice in their everyday

    the energy system, which increases their importance as a key component in the system.

    But transforming the energy system for greater sustainability also sometimes requires the users to "transform" their own behavior and conserve energy. At the same time, households are not interested in energy

    per se, but rather in the services that the energy companies provide. Energy is in demand to meet various needs, such as the need to feel full and satisfied, to have heat and light, and to be healthy and clean (Carlsson-Kanyama and Lindén, 2002). As long as the energy system is working and performing in accordance with our demands, it is essentially "invisible" (Blomkvist and Kaijser, 1998; Giddens, 1999). To develop sustainable energy solutions it is consequently important for national and municipal governments to make both the energy system and our energy use more visible.

  • 11.
    Löfström, Erica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Visualizing energy - filling the gap between attitudes and behaviour?2006In: ENHR European Network for Housing Research,2006, Slovenien: Book of Abstracts , 2006, p. 11-12Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Palm, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Löfström, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Domestication of new technology in households2008In: EASST/4S conference ¿Acting with Science, Technology and Medicine,2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will analyze how two energy related technologies have been domesticated in eight different households in Sweden. The first technology consists of solar collectors that are being combined with a bedrock storage system in Anneberg, a tenant-s area in Stockholm. With this system, solar energy produces both hot water and space heating. The other technology is an energy-visualizing prototype, the Power-Aware Cord, which is a redesigned power strip that glows with different intensities depending on the amount of electricity passing through it. Through interviews with households in Anneberg we found that they had different way to approach the special designed heating system. We categorised the households according to their main interest in the technology; economical, environmental or technological interests. We then use this categorisation to discuss how the prototype, the Power Aware Cord, was domesticated in the households. The area of interest concerning technology does influence the way people adopted and perceived new technology. The technologically interested households had easier to adopt and accept technology and show a large willingness to interact-and experiment with the technology. Using design to make it easier to understand a technology did not fit them as method. The ecological households approached technology in an accepting way but they did not interact with it, but left that to the experts. The economical interested household was most critical to the non-function of the heating system. That household did not relate the Power Aware Cord to the possibilities to reduce energy expenses, which on the other hand no other household did either.

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