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  • 1.
    Barrau, Sophie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Viktor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Masich, Sergej
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Bijleveld, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg.
    Andersson, Mats R
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nanomorphology of Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells in 2D and 3D Correlated to Photovoltaic Performance2009In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 42, no 13, 4646-4650 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Control of the nanoscale morphology of the donor-acceptor material blends inorganic solar Cells is critical for optimizing the photovoltaic performances. The influence of intrinsic (acceptor materials) and extrinsic (donor:acceptor weight ratio, substrate, solvent) parameters was investigated, by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electron tomography (ET), on the nanoscale phase separation of blends of a low-band-gap alternating polyfluorene copolymers (APFO-Green9) with [6,6]-phenyl-C-71-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM). The photovoltaic performances display an optimal efficiency for the device elaborated with a 1:3 APFO-Green polymer:[70][PCBM weight ratio and spin-coated from chloroform solution. The associated active layer morphology presents small phase-separated domains which is a good balance between as a large interfacial donor-acceptor area and Continuous paths of the donor and acceptor phases to the electrodes.

  • 2.
    Barrau, Sophie
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Herland, Anna
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Mammo, W.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Andersson, Mats R.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Integration of Amyloid Nanowires in Organic Solar Cells2008In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 93, 23307- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 3.
    J Lindgren, Lars
    et al.
    Chalmers.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Barrau, Sophie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellstrom, Stefan
    Chalmers.
    Mammo, Wendimagegn
    Chalmers.
    Perzon, Erik
    Chalmers.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Mats R
    Chalmers.
    Synthesis, Characterization, and Devices of a Series of Alternating Copolymers for Solar Cells2009In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, ISSN 0897-4756, Vol. 21, no 15, 3491-3502 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we report the synthesis, characterization. and photovoltaic properties of a series of six Conjugated polymers based on donor-acceptor-donor (DAD) structure. The polymers are obtained via Suzuki polymerization of different alkoxy-substituted DAD monomers together with a substituted fluorene or phenylene monomer. Application of polymers as light-harvesting and electron-donating materials in solar cells, in conjunction with both [60]PCBM and [70]PCBM as acceptors, show power-conversion efficiencies (PCEs) up to 2.9%, values obtained without extensive optimization work. Furthermore, atomic force microscopy and field-effect transistor (FET) mobility measurements of acceptor-polymer mixtures show that differences in substitution on the polymers affect morphology, mobility, and device performance. Within the series of polymers, all showing similar optical absorption and redox behavior, substituents play an important role in phase separation on a micrometer scale, which in turn has a large impact on device performance. The phase-separation behavior is clearly seen in [70]PCBM devices where the best-performing devices are obtained using the polymers with short alkoxy groups or no substituents together with a high speed of spin coating during device preparation.

  • 4.
    Zhang, Fengling
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bijleveld, Johan
    Chalmers University.
    Perzon, Erik
    Chalmers University.
    Tvingstedt, Kristofer
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Barrau, Sophie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Andersson , Mats R
    Chalmers University.
    High photovoltage achieved in low band gap polymer solar cells by adjusting energy levels of a polymer with the LUMOs of fullerene derivatives2008In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, ISSN 0959-9428, E-ISSN 1364-5501, Vol. 18, no 45, 5468-5474 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar cells based on organic molecules or conjugated polymers attract great attention due to their unique advantages, such as low cost, and their use in flexible devices, but are still limited by their low power conversion efficiency (PCE). To improve the PCEs of polymer solar cells, more efforts have been made to increase short-circuit current (J(sc)) or open-circuit voltage (V-oc). However, the trade-off between J(sc) and V-oc in bulk heterojunctions solar cells makes it tricky to find a polymer with a low band gap to efficiently absorb photons in the visible and near infrared region of the solar spectrum, while maintaining a high V-oc in solar cells. Therefore, it is crucial to design and synthesize polymers with energy levels aligning with the LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) of an electron acceptor to minimize the LUMO level difference between donor and acceptor to keep enough driving force for charge generation, thereby maximizing photovoltage in solar cells. Here a novel copolymer APFO-Green 9 was synthesized. Polymer solar cells based on APFO-Green 9 blended with a derivative of fullerene demonstrate high photovoltage by fine tuning the HOMO and LUMO level of APFO-Green 9. Solar cells based on APFO-Green 9 and [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM) present a photoresponse extended to 900 nm with J(sc) of 6.5 mA cm(-2), V-oc of 0.81 V and PCE of 2.3% under illumination of AM1.5 with light intensity of 100 mW cm(-2). As a low band gap polymer with a V-oc bigger than 0.8 V, APFO-Green 9 is a promising candidate for efficient tandem solar cells.

  • 5.
    Zhou, Yinhua
    et al.
    Jilin University.
    Li, Fenghong
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Barrau, Sophie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tian, Wenjing
    Jilin University.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inverted and transparent polymer solar cells prepared with vacuum-free processing2009In: SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, ISSN 0927-0248, Vol. 93, no 4, 497-500 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inverted transparent polymer solar cells were fabricated by sequentially depositing several organic layers from fluids, on ITO/glass substrates. ITO was used as a cathode to collect electrons. The photovoltage of these diodes can be increased by up to 400 mV by inserting a buffer layer of polyethylene oxide between ITO and the active layers, which results in 4-fold enhancement of power conversion efficiency under the illumination of 100 mW/cm(2) simulated AM1.5 solar light. The enhancement of V., is consistent with the work function change between ITO and ITO/PEO measured by photoelectron spectroscopy. Solar cell production without vacuum processing may lower production costs.

  • 6.
    Zhou, Yinhua
    et al.
    State Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials Jilin University.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Tvingstedt, Kristofer
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Barrau, Sophie
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Li, Fenghong
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Tian, Wenjing
    State Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials Jilin University.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Investigation on Polymer Anode Design for Flexible Polymer Solar Cells2008In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       

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