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  • 1.
    Akeroyd, Michael A.
    et al.
    MRC, England.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Bentler, Ruth A.
    University of Iowa, IA 52242 USA.
    Boothroyd, Arthur
    San Diego State University, CA 92182 USA.
    Dillier, Norbert
    University of Zurich, Switzerland.
    Dreschler, Wouter A.
    University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Gagne, Jean-Pierre
    University of Montreal, Canada.
    Lutman, Mark
    University of Southampton, England.
    Wouters, Jan
    Katholieke University of Leuven, Belgium.
    Wong, Lena
    University of Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Kollmeier, Birger
    Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany; Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany; HorTechnical gGmbH, Germany.
    International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests2015In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, p. 17-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that are most commonly used to test speech recognition in noise. They were developed by a working group on Multilingual Speech Tests of the International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA). Design: The recommendations are based on reviews of existing evaluations of the digit triplet and matrix tests as well as on the research experience of members of the ICRA Working Group. They represent the results of a consensus process. Results: The resulting recommendations deal with: Test design and word selection; Talker characteristics; Audio recording and stimulus preparation; Masking noise; Test administration; and Test validation. Conclusions: By following these guidelines for the development of any new test of this kind, clinicians and researchers working in any language will be able to perform tests whose results can be compared and combined in cross-language studies.

  • 2.
    Almqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Handbok i hörselmätning1990Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok ger en grundläggande kunskap om hörseln samt förmedlar förutsättningar för olika hörselmätmetoder. Viktiga inslag är felkällor vid hörselmätning, tolkning av mätresultat och lämplig teststrategi i olika tillämpningar. Inläst ur LIC, 1990

  • 3.
    Almqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Metodbok i praktisk hörselmätning1983Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok är avsedd att användas vid utbildning av audionomer. Den kan dessutom vara en viktig referenskälla för alla övriga yrkesgrupper inom hörselvården. De metodbeskrivningar som presenteras i boken har goda förutsättningar att bidra till förbättrad hörselmätning

  • 4.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Jacobsson, Stellan
    ENT-Clinic, Sahlgrens University Hospital Mölndal, Sweden.
    Evaluation of OAE-recording as a complementary test method for adults with moderate to profound mental retardation2000In: Scandinavian Audiology, ISSN 0105-0397, E-ISSN 1940-2872, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 120-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recording of otoacoustic emissions (OAE) was evaluated as a complementary test method for adults with moderate to profound mental retardation (MR). A portable apparatus, ILO 288 Echoport linked to a Compaq LTE 5100 notebook with software ILO 88 V 4.2, was used. Otoscopy and tympanometry were also performed. Criteria for emissions were S/N 3 dB or more and reproducibility 60% or more for at least three frequency-bands. The criteria for partial emissions were the same, but for only one or two frequencies. Two examiners were needed: one to keep the tested person calm and quiet and the other to handle the keyboard. Thirty-eight people with different degrees of MR in connection with other disabilities were included. They had all exhibited incomplete results in a previous hearing screening of more than 1000 adults with MR. Reproducible transiently evoked OAEs (TEOAE) were recorded from II ears (7 people), partial TEOAEs from 6 ears (4 people) and no emissions from 15 ears (10 people). Registration from 24 ears (13 people) could not be evaluated because of too much external and internal noise. Eight people rejected the examination. Only four people showed emissions in both ears. Accordingly, 34 people (89.5%) had to be re-tested or referred for further investigation, 21 of them (55%) because of noisy recordings or no co-operation. It is concluded that the TEOAE-test in its present form cannot fulfil the demands for a functioning test method for this population. In single cases, however, TEOAE-recording can complement other audiological tests.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Audiometric screening of a population with intellectual disability2013In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 50-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Evaluation of pure-tone audiometry (PTA) in hearing screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability (ID).

    Design: PTA was performed at six frequencies at the screening level 20 dB HL. Referral criteria were threshold levels ≥ 25 dB HL at two or more frequencies for one ear or both.

    Study sample: 1478 participants aged 7–91 years were included.

    Results: 1470 (99.5%) people cooperated in screening of which 1325 (90%) could be tested on both ears at all six frequencies. A majority, 987 (66.8%), performed ordinary PTA, 234 (15.8%) conditioned play audiometry, and 249 (16.9%) behavioural observation audiometry. Six hundred and sixty-nine (45%) passed and 809 (55%) failed according to referral criteria. Of those failing, 441 (54.5%) accepted referral to clinical evaluation.

    Conclusions: PTA with slight modifications is applicable for screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability. The most challenging and time-consuming activity is to introduce the test procedure in a way that reduces anxiety and establishes trust.

  • 6.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    A survey of public health policy on bilateral fittings and comparison with market trends: The evidence-base required to frame policy2006In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no SUPPL. 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a review of the situation in a number of countries with respect to public health policy for funding of hearing aid services in general and support to bilateral fittings in particular. The data show considerable variations among the countries studied in number of hearing aids fitted per 1000 inhabitants, differing by a factor of 6 between the extremes. Also the percentage of bilateral fittings differs with an average estimated to be of the order of 50%. For hearing-impaired children, bilateral fittings are given full financial support in most countries studied. The data presented indicate the need for a reliable, scientifically valid evidence-base regarding bilateral hearing aid fitting. © 2006 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.

  • 7.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery .
    Audiologic diagnosis of infants2000In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 379-388Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Audiologic diagnosis for infants requires an extensive test battery in order to provide all the information needed and wanted. Behavioral test methods continue to be an important tool, in particular visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA), with the limitation that children younger than 5 to 6 months of age cannot be expected to respond in a reliable way. Impedance audiometry provides an important means of assessing middle ear status, and the middle ear reflex also adds information about inner ear and cochlear nerve function. However, a higher probe tone frequency than the ordinary 226 Hz seems to provide more reliable test results in small children. Otoacoustic emissions are basic as a screening tool but in most cases provide little additional information on children with significant hearing loss, although there certainly are exceptions. The electrophysiologic methods form a very important part of the test battery. The recording of ABR is an obvious test when a hearing impairment is suspected. Electrocochleography provides more frequency-specific data and has the power of sometimes providing responses where no ABR can be recorded, especially when the transtympanic needle electrode is used. Steady-state evoked potentials (SSEP) constitute a relatively new test method with which rather few clinics so far have practical experience, but it certainly holds promise as an addition to the test battery allowing good frequency specificity and efficiency.

  • 8.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Audiologic diagnosis of infants2000In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 21, p. 379-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Can we establish internationally equivalent outcome measures in audiological rehabilitation?2000In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 21, no 4 SUPPL.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This paper intends to discuss issues related to cultural, ethnic, and other nonaudiological variables that may affect the response when trying to determine outcome of audiological rehabilitation in different countries. Design: The ideal measure for the determination of outcome of audiological rehabilitation would be sensitive to changes in disability as well as handicap. Further, it would allow unforeseen effects to be identified and not be limited by language borders or cultural and ethnic differences. A variety of critical factors are discussed that are related to culture, social traditions, ethnic factors, etc. that may affect outcome measures and thus make international equivalence difficult. Conclusions: With careful consideration of the factors discussed, a basic set of questions could be formulated and agreed on, calibrated on suitable populations in different countries, and thereafter used as a bridge across borders to allow comparison of different procedures or meta-analyses of studies performed by different laboratories.

  • 10.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Elektronik för medicinare1971Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    How to assess outcome of hearing aid fitting in children2001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessment of outcome of hearing aid fitting in children should contain several dimensions: audibility, speech recognition, subjective benefit and speech production. Audibility may be: determined by means of aided hearing thresholds or real-ear measurements. For determining speech recognition, methods different from those used for adult patients must be used, especially for children with congenital hearing loss. In these children the development of the spoken language and vocabulary has to be considered, especially when testing speech recognition but also with regard to speech production. Subjective assessment of benefit to a large extent has to rely on the assessment by parents and teachers for children younger than school age. However, several studies have shown that children from the age of around 7 years can usually produce reliable responses in this respect. Speech production has to be assessed in terms of intelligibility by others, who may or may not be used to the individual child's speech. Ideally, the outcome should be assessed repeatedly at suitable intervals in order to be able to follow the child's communicative development.

  • 12.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Höga ljudnivåer från musik och dess effekter på vuxna och barn: Rapport till Socialstyrelsen2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna översyn är att presentera ett förslag avseende om SOSFS 2005:7 behöver revideras eller ej, baserat på existerande vetenskapligt underlag om effekter på vuxna och barn från exponering för höga ljudnivåer från musik. De nuvarande riktvärdena har vid olika tillfällen ifrågasatts. Från arrangörer av musikfestivaler har hävdats att gränsvärdena är för låga och att det saknas vetenskapligt stöd för dem. Från organisationer med  hörselhälsa i fokus har man tvärtom menat att de borde sänkas eftersom för många enskilda fall har rapporterats, där hörselskada i form av hörselnedsättning och/eller tinnitus kunnat kopplas till en specifik exponering i samband med konsert eller diskoteksbesök.

    Syftet med denna översyn är att presentera ett förslag avseende om SOSFS 2005:7 behöver revideras eller ej, baserat på existerande vetenskapligt underlag om effekter på vuxna och barn från exponering för höga ljudnivåer från musik. De nuvarande riktvärdena har vid olika tillfällen ifrågasatts. Från arrangörer av musikfestivaler har hävdats att gränsvärdena är för låga och att det saknas vetenskapligt stöd för dem. Från organisationer med  hörselhälsa i fokus har man tvärtom menat att de borde sänkas eftersom för många enskilda fall har rapporterats, där hörselskada i form av hörselnedsättning och/eller tinnitus kunnat kopplas till en specifik exponering i samband med konsert eller diskoteksbesök.

    Arbetet som redovisas i denna rapport har baserats på sökning i den vetenskapliga litteraturen via framför allt databasen PubMed, granskning av referenslistor i relevanta rapporter, andra sökningar på Internet samt kontakter med internationella kollegor med insikter i aktuella regelverk. Söktermer har varit music, rock, jazz, discotheque, night-club, concert, hearing, hearing impairment,hearing loss, tinnitus, children i olika kombinationer. Rapporter som fokuserat helt på yrkesmusiker har som regel exkluderats, eftersom exponeringsförhållandena för musiker typiskt skiljer sig från publikens vid konserter, musikfestivaler etc.

    Randomiserade kontrollerade studier saknas med några få undantag för den aktuella frågeställningen, utan merparten är observationsstudier med eller utan kontrollgrupp. Värdet av kontrollgrupp i studier av temporär hörselnedsättning, TTS, efter musikexponering som pågått upp till några timmar är sannolikt begränsat, eftersom sannolikheten att hörtrösklarna för en oexponerad kontrollgrupp skulle förändras under denna begränsade tidsrymd är försumbar. Grundprinciperna för bedömning av kvaliteten i redovisade studier är i huvudsak hämtade från de principer som tillämpas av Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering, SBU. Enskilda studiers bevisvärde graderas som högt (1), måttligt (2) eller lågt (3). Följande principer har använts:

    Högt bevisvärde (1): Studier med fall-kontroll-grupper med n>50, med lämplig studieuppläggning och relevant statistisk analys.

    Måttligt bevisvärde (2): Som ovan men med mindre studiestorlek (n=10-50) eller observationsstudier utan kontrollgrupp med n=10-50 med lämplig studieuppläggning och relevant statistisk analys.

    Lågt bevisvärde (3): Studier som inte uppfyller kriterierna ovan. Studier med mera osäker relevans, t.ex. djurstudier.

    Rapporten har granskats av professor Ulf Rosenhall, Karolinska institutet, professor Claes Möller, Örebro universitet, docent Björn Hagerman, Karolinska institutet, och med.dr. och leg. audionom Kim Kähäri, Göteborgs universitet. Synpunkter och förslag framförda av dem har inlemmats i skrivningen.

  • 13.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hörsel och hörselskador i arbetslivet: Kunskapssammanställning2013Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten baserar sig på sammanställning av publicerade artiklar i vetenskapliga tidskrifter med tyngdpunkt på perioden från år 2000. Vissa äldre publikationer har också inkluderats när de har haft innehåll av betydelse för rapporten. Sökning har främst skett i databaserna PubMed och Google Scholar samt i referenslistor från identifierade relevanta arbeten. Söktermer har varit noise, hearing, noise-induced hearing loss, TTS, PTS, tinnitus, impulse noise, solvent, vibration i olika kombinationer.

    Fokus avseende hörselskador har traditionellt varit inriktat på hörselnedsättning, den försämrade känslighet som ofta men inte alltid är den uppenbara konsekvensen av en skada på hörselorganet. Men senare års forskning har visat att skador kan uppstå utan påtaglig påverkan på hörtrösklarna men i form av tinnitus, överkänslighet för starka ljud, förvrängd ljudupplevelse av olika slag, försämrad förmåga att uppfatta tal i svåra lyssningsmiljöer etc. Det har därför varit angeläget att lyfta fram dessa vidare aspekter på hörselskada.

    Många arbetsmiljöer domineras av en relativt kontinuerlig ljudnivå, men ibland förekommer också impulsbuller, d.v.s. ljudtoppar med kortvariga mycket höga ljudnivåer. Nya metoder som föreslagits för att mäta och säkrare värdera hörselskaderiskerna vid exponering för impulsbuller beskrivs också i rapporten.

    Följderna av bullerexponering på en individs hörsel beror inte alltid enbart på bullerexponeringen utan kan påverkas av andra faktorer. Dessa kan vara relaterade till arbetsmiljön men också till egenskaper hos den exponerade individen och kan därför behöva beaktas i skaderiskbedömningar.

    Djurförsök ha påvisat möjligheten att med farmakologiska medel minimera bullerskada efter en exponering och också att åtminstone delvis återskapa hörselfunktionen efter en bullerskada. Strävan är naturligtvis att kunna överföra denna kunskap och metodik till människa, men ännu återstår mycket arbete innan sådan behandling är tillgänglig.

  • 14.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Hörselutredning vid läs- och skrivsvårigheter2010In: Utredning av läs- och skrivsvårigheter / [ed] Britta Ericson, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 207-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att hjälpa ett barn som har svårt att läsa och skriva behöver man ta reda på vad som hindrar framstegen i läsning och skrivning. Många gånger kan en pedagogisk utredning i kombination med en synundersökning ge svaret. I andra fall kan det vara nödvändigt att komplettera med utredning hos logoped, läkare, psykolog och sjukgymnast för att få en helhetsbild av barnets svårigheter och de psykosociala konsekvenserna. Ledande företrädare för olika yrkesområden beskriver i föreliggande bok hur läs- och skrivsvårigheter kan utredas. Denna reviderade fjärde upplaga har kompletterats med två nya kapitel. Det ena beskriver hur hörselundersökning kan komplettera en läs- och skrivutredning. Det andra kapitlet behandlar området läs- och skrivsvårigheter med fokus på elever med annat modersmål än svenska. Bokens målgrupp är blivande och verksamma lärare, specialpedagoger, logopeder, läkare, psykologer, sjukgymnaster, ortoptister och andra yrkesgrupper som behöver kunskap om orsaker till och utredning av läs- och skrivsvårigheter.

  • 15.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Letter from the editor-in-chief2002In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    [abstract not available]

  • 16.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Letters to the editor Improved benefit from new hearing-aid technology - more fact than fiction!2002In: Journal of Audiological Medicine, ISSN 0963-7133, Vol. 11, p. 75-79Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Manual of practical audiometry. Vol. 11989Book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Manual of practical audiometry, Vol. 21991Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Measurement of hearing thresholds2007In: Noise and its effects / [ed] Deepak Prasher ,Linda M Luxon, London: John Wiley & Sons , 2007, 1, p. 148-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       Noise is an increasing problem in everyday life, and many noise-induced hearing problems are irreversible. This book focuses on all aspects of noise-related problems, including noise effects on stress levels, functional changes after noise-induced cochlear damage, occupational hearing loss and noise conservation problems.

  • 20.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Moderna hörapparater ligger i mikroelektronikens frontlinje.1999In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 96, p. 3524-3528Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Negative consequences of uncorrected hearing loss - A review2003In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 42, no SUPPL. 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hearing loss gives rise to a number of disabilities. Problems in recognizing speech, especially in difficult environments, give rise to the largest number of complaints. Other kinds of disabilities may concern the reduced ability to detect, identify and localize sounds quickly and reliably. Such sounds may be warning or alarm signals, as well as music and birds singing. The communicative disability affects both hearing-impaired people and other people in their environment-family members, fellow workers, etc. Hearing-impaired people are not always aware of all the consequences of the impairment, they do not always know what they are missing. Several studies have shown that uncorrected hearing loss gives rise to poorer quality of life, related to isolation, reduced social activity, and a feeling of being excluded, leading to an increased prevalence of symptoms of depression. These findings indicate the importance of early identification of hearing loss and offers of rehabilitative support, where the fitting of hearing aids is usually an important component. Several studies also point to a significant correlation between hearing loss and loss of cognitive functions. Most of these studies show such a correlation without being able to show whether the hearing loss caused the reduction in cognitive performance or if both the hearing loss and the cognitive decline are parts of a common, general age-related degeneration. A couple of these studies, however, indicate that the uncorrected hearing loss may be the cause of cognitive decline. Whichever alternative is true, the correlation should be seen as a clear indication for early hearing aid fitting for those needing it. Monaural hearing aid fitting in subjects with bilateral hearing loss may give rise to a reduced ability to recognize speech presented to the unaided ear, the so-called late-onset auditory deprivation effect. This functional decline is reversible in some but not all subjects after fitting of a hearing aid also on the previously unaided ear.

  • 22.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nordisk lärobok i audiologi2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll:

    • Akustik
    • Psykoakustik
    • Språklig kommunikation
    • Hörselsystemets utveckling och genetik
    • Anatomi och fysiologi
    • Hörselmätning
    • Hörselskador
    • Medicinsk behandling
    • Tinnitus
    • Rehabilitering
    • Habilitering
    • Buller
    • Internationella standarder
  • 23.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Psychoacoustic audiometry2008In: Scott-Brown's otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery / [ed] Gleeson M., London: Hodder Arnold , 2008, 7, p. 3260-3275Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scott-Brown's Otolaryngology is used the world over as the definitive reference for trainee ENT surgeons, audiologists and trainee head and neck surgeons, as well as specialists who need detailed, reliable and authoritative information on all aspects of ear, nose and throat disease and treatment. This new edition has been fully updated by an international team of editors and contributors and is highly illustrated in colour throughout. The majority of the chapters are evidence-based and each contains useful features including key points, best clinical practice guidelines, details of the search strategies used to prepare the material, and suggestions for future research. These features provide quick access to relevant information about clinical conditions, and a starting point for further research. The stand-alone CD-ROM contains the same content as the print edition, is searchable, and has references linked to PubMed. It provides trainee surgeons (ENT and Head and Neck), audiologists and ENT physicians with a more portable version of this extensive reference work, and access to downloadable figures, bookmarking and annotation tools.System requirements: The following are minimum requirements for running the CD-ROM. However, we recommend that you run the CD-ROM on a machine with a 1Gz processor with 500 MB RAM, 1024 by 768 screen resolution, using Firefox as your web browser. The recommended specifications will ensure the CD-ROM runs at optimal speed and performance. PC: Intel(R) Pentium(R) III, 266 MHz processor (or 1 GHz for Vista), Windows(R) 2000, XP, Vista*, Browser: Firefox 2.0; Internet Explorer 6.2 SP1, or 7.0; Netscape 9**, 28 MB RAM (or 1 GB for Vista), 80 MB free hard-disk space, 24x CD-ROM or DVD drive, 800 x 600 screen resolution displaying 32-bit colour, Windows(TM) compatible mouse, Printer (optional), Internet connection (optional)***. Please note that it is not compatible with Windows 7. Mac(R): G3 or newer, 266 MHz processor, Mac(R) OS X 10.4 (OS X 10.5 is not supported)*, Browser: Firefox 2.0; Netscape 9; Safari 3.0**, 256 MB RAM, 80 MB free hard-disk space, 800 x 600 screen resolution displaying 32-bit colour, CD-ROM or DVD drive, Mouse, Printer (optional), Internet connection (optional)***. * Your keyboard should be set to English characters when you use the CD-ROM.** Your browser should be set to allow cookies and pop-ups and you will need to have JavaScript enabled. *** Although you do not need to have an internet connection to use the application, you must make sure that your browser is not set to work offline. You can deselect this option from the File menu in Internet Explorer, Netscape, and Firefox (this option is not available in Safari).

  • 24.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Billermark, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    One year follow-up of users of a digital hearing aid.1999In: British Journal of Audiology, ISSN 0300-5364, E-ISSN 1471-2849, Vol. 33, p. 223-232Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery .
    Danermark, Berth
    Espmark, Ann-Kristin
    Mäki-Torkko, Elina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Möller, Claes
    Steorn, Monika
    Tengstrand, Tomas
    Uhlin, Pia
    Hörselrehabilitering till vuxna. Rapport från expertgruppen för hörselvård2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 26.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gatehouse, Stuart
    MRC Institute of Hearing Research, Glasgow, Scotland.
    Kiessling, Jürgen
    Department of Audiology Justus-Liebig-Universität, Gießen, Germany.
    Naylor, Graham
    Oticon Research Centre, Eriksholm, Snekkersten, Denmark.
    Verschuure, Hans
    Audiological Centre Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Holland.
    Wouters, Jan
    ExpORL, Department of Neurosciences K. U. Leuven, Belgium.
    The design of a project to assess bilateral versus unilateral hearing aid fitting2008In: Trends in Amplification, ISSN 1084-7138, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 137-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Binaural hearing provides advantages over monaural in several ways, particularly in difficult listening situations. For a person with bilateral hearing loss, the bilateral fitting of hearing aids thus seems like a natural choice. However, surprisingly few studies have been reported in which the additional benefit of bilateral versus unilateral hearing aid use has been investigated based on real-life experiences. Therefore, a project has been designed to address this issue and to find tools to identify people for whom the drawbacks would outweigh the advantages of bilateral fitting. A project following this design is likely to provide reliable evidence concerning differences in benefit between unilateral and bilateral fitting of hearing aids by evaluating correlations between entrance data and outcome measures and final preferences. © 2008 Sage Publications.

  • 27.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hagerman, Björn
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Ytterlind, Åke
    Institutionen för Folkhälsovetenskap, Karolinska Institutet.
    Ljuv musik och öronproppar: om hörsel, musik och hörselskador2001Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Ivarsson, U.
    On quality assurance in occupational hearing conservation programs: an evaluation based on ANSI S 12.13-1991.1999In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 2, p. 73-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The effect of hearing loss on temporal and spectral resolution.1990Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Hans-Åke
    Linköping University.
    Leander, Björn
    Linköping University.
    Studier av vindbrusets maskering av buller från vindkraftverk: Temporal integration vid detektion av närvaro respektive frånvaro av periodisk amplitudmodulering1991Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hellgren, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Assessment of speech perception in noise using a conventional speech recognition and a subjective adjustment method.1994Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Pichora-Fuller, M Kathleen
    University of Toronto.
    The emergence of cognitive hearing science.2009In: Scandinavian journal of psychology, ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 371-384Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive Hearing Science or Auditory Cognitive Science is an emerging field of interdisciplinary research concerning the interactions between hearing and cognition. It follows a trend over the last half century for interdisciplinary fields to develop, beginning with Neuroscience, then Cognitive Science, then Cognitive Neuroscience, and then Cognitive Vision Science. A common theme is that an interdisciplinary approach is necessary to understand complex human behaviors, to develop technologies incorporating knowledge of these behaviors, and to find solutions for individuals with impairments that undermine typical behaviors. Accordingly, researchers in traditional academic disciplines, such as Psychology, Physiology, Linguistics, Philosophy, Anthropology, and Sociology benefit from collaborations with each other, and with researchers in Computer Science and Engineering working on the design of technologies, and with health professionals working with individuals who have impairments. The factors that triggered the emergence of Cognitive Hearing Science include the maturation of the component disciplines of Hearing Science and Cognitive Science, new opportunities to use complex digital signal-processing to design technologies suited to performance in challenging everyday environments, and increasing social imperatives to help people whose communication problems span hearing and cognition. Cognitive Hearing Science is illustrated in research on three general topics: (1) language processing in challenging listening conditions; (2) use of auditory communication technologies or the visual modality to boost performance; (3) changes in performance with development, aging, and rehabilitative training. Future directions for modeling and the translation of research into practice are suggested.

  • 33.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Lyregaard, Poul-Erik
    Billermark, Erica
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Öberg, Marie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Fitting hearing aids to first-time users2000In: Scandinavian Audiology, ISSN 0105-0397, E-ISSN 1940-2872, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clinical experience indicates that first-time hearing aid users prefer less gain and lower maximum output levels than experienced users. This hypothesis was tested on 20 subjects being fitted with their first aids. The study was double blinded by using a programmable hearing aid, set to either the standard setting according to the manufacturer's software or to reduced gain and maximum output. Half of the subjects started with one hearing aid and half with the other, changing to the other hearing aid after 3 days trial with each setting. At the end of the study, subjects stated preference in specified situations and overall. No significant differences in APHAB, sound quality, estimated communication ability or perceived loudness scores were seen for the two settings. Nine subjects preferred the standard setting, seven the reduced setting and four were undecided. No correlation could be found between preference and audiological variables.

  • 34.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Communication in the profoundly hearing impaired and deaf: From signal to dialogue.1998In: Scandinavian Audiology, ISSN 0105-0397, E-ISSN 1940-2872, Vol. 27, no 49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Arlinger, Stig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Danielsson, Henrik
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Stockholm University.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Nilsson, L-G
    Auditory deficits are related to episodic long-term memory deficits2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Classon, Elisabet
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ng, Hoi Ning Elaine
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Kilman, Lisa
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mishra, Sushmit
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reading span performance in 339 Swedish 50-89 year old individuals with hearing impairment: Effects of test version and age, and relation to speech recognition in noise2013Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish reading span test (Rönnberg, Lyxell, Arlinger, & Kinnefors, 1989) is often used to assess working memory capacity (WMC) in the field of cognitive hearing science. The test has proven useful as a predictor of speech recognition in noise in adverse conditions. It has been used in a wide range of experimental studies and has been translated to several languages. The purpose of this paper was to provide reference data for the Swedish reading span test (Rönnberg et al., 1989) in a large sample of adults with hearing impairment aged 50-89 years that are representative of patients seeking rehabilitation at audiological clinics. Data from finished and ongoing projects were collated and reanalyzed for this purpose. The original full version and a shortened version of the test were compared, in terms of percentage correct. In addition, performance on the full version was compared across two different age-cohorts, 50-69 year olds and 70-89 year olds. Frequency distributions and percentile scores are reported, as well as relations with demographic variables, and speech recognition in noise. Results showed that reading span performance was related to age, but not sex, with lower scores in older participants. Pure tone hearing thresholds accounted for a small but significant amount of the variance such that higher reading span scores were related to better hearing. The frequency distributions of scores did not differ across the two versions of the test, but the long version seemed to be more sensitive to age. Performance in both versions was significantly correlated with speech recognition in noise. Regression analyses however showed that reading span explained additional variance in speech in noise recognition, after the effects of age and pure tone hearing thresholds were accounted for, only in the 50-69 year olds. These findings are discussed in relation to  age-related differences in the ability to recruit cognitive resources in the service of speech communication.

  • 37. Cox, Robyn
    et al.
    Hyde, Martyn
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Optimal outcome measures, research priorities, and international cooperation.2000In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 21, p. 106-115Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Hellgren, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    System identification of feedback in hearing aids.1999In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 105, p. 3481-3496Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Hellgren, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Variations in the feedback of hearing aids.1999In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 106, p. 2821-2833Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Hultcrantz, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Nosrati-Zarenoe, Ramesh
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Nationell databas kan lösa gåtan med plötslig sensorineural hörselnedsättning2003In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 100, p. 3055-3059Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Hultcrantz, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Nosrati-Zarenoe, Ramesh
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Nationellt register för plötslig sensorineural hörsel-nedsättning - Hur behandlar vi idag?2003In: Svensk ÖNH tidskrift, ISSN 1400-0121, Vol. 2, p. 15-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Hydén, Dag
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    On light-induced sneezing2009In: EYE, ISSN 0950-222X, Vol. 23, no 11, p. 2112-2114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate whether the tickling inside the nose before a light-induced sneeze in susceptible individuals is correlated to a recordable local activity or not. Methods Seven healthy volunteers, three with a history of light-induced sneezing, were stimulated with stroboscopic light or a strong halogen lamp. Recording was done with an evoked potential averaging technique via intranasal electrodes placed in such a way that they substantially reduced the strong electrical response from the retina. Results Despite an adequate light stimulus, no reproducible electrical activity could be recorded from any of the members in any experiment. Conclusion Light-induced sneezing is presumably a central phenomenon. The electrical activity travels through the optic pathways straight to the trigeminal nucleus and the tickling is a referred sensation. A genetic variation in the distance between the optic pathways (colliculus superior) and the mesencephalic part of the trigeminal nucleus may explain why light-induced sneezing is more common in certain families and races.

  • 43.
    Hydén, Dag
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    On the sneeze-reflex and its control2007In: Rhinology, ISSN 0300-0729, E-ISSN 1996-8604, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 218-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiments in cats have shown that sneezing can be induced using low intensity electrical current. This study focusses on answering the question whether the sneezing-reflex can also be induced in man through electrical stimulation, whether it is reproducible, and if the response can be abolished pharmacologically? Three healthy males were tested using intranasal stimulation in different parts of the nose using a current from an electric pulse generator. Using currents in the range 2-11 mA, it was possible to induce and reproduce sneezing in the anterior portion of the nose corresponding to the distribution area of the anterior ethmoidal nerve. In one tested subject, local anaesthetics applied to the mucous membranes of the nose abolished the sneezing. Sneeze reflex-reduction may be one way to reduce viral contamination between subjects. Further research could include pharmacological investigations to identify a sneeze-inhibiting substance with small risks for side effects that can be added to common cold nasal sprays.

  • 44. Hygge, S
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Normal and hearing-impaired subjects ability to follow conversation in competing speech, reversed speech, and noise backgrounds.1992In: 22nd Congress of Applied Psychology,1992, Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Ass , 1992Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45. Hygge, S.
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Normal and hearing-impaired subjects´ ability to just follow conversation in competing speech, reversed speech, and noise backgrounds.1992In: Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, ISSN 0022-4685, Vol. 35, p. 208-215Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Dikotiska Taltest.1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Dichotic speech tests1999In: Scandinavian Audiology, ISSN 0105-0397, E-ISSN 1940-2872, Vol. 27, no Suppl. 49, p. 35-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    A Swedish version of the Hearing In Noise Test (HINT) for measurement of speech recognition2006In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 227-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Swedish Hearing In Noise Test (HINT), consisting of everyday sentences to be used in an adaptive procedure to estimate the speech recognition thresholds in noise and quiet, has been developed. The material consists of 250 sentences, with a length of five to nine syllables, normalized for naturalness, difficulty and reliability. The sentences were recorded with a female speaker. From the sentences, 25 phonemically balanced lists were created. All lists fluctuate less than 1 dB of the overall mean. The standard deviation of the test-retest difference is 0.94 dB when testing with one list, and decreases to 0.68 dB and 0.56 dB for two and three lists, respectively. The average speech recognition thresholds in noise for the Swedish sentences were -3.0 dB signal/noise ratio (SD = 1.1 dB). The present study has resulted in a well-defined and internationally comparable set of sentences, which can be used in Swedish audiological rehabilitation and research to measure speech recognition in noise and quiet. © 2006 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.

  • 49.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Hearing in noise test (HINT) på svenska, med kvinnlig och manlig röst2006In: Tema Hörsel,2006, 2006, p. 22-22Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 50.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology.
    A cognitive test-battery based on text, auditory and audio-visual stimuli. Evaluation in young and elderly, normal hearing and hearing-impaired subjects2003In: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, ISSN 1050-0545Article in journal (Refereed)
123 1 - 50 of 110
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