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  • 1.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Products in environmental management systems: drivers, barriers and experiences2005Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 405-415Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Do standardised environmental management systems (EMS) lead to improved environmental performance? This depends on to what extent these systems lead to changes in important flows of material and energy, which for manufacturing companies, in turn, mean that the product development process is important. Consequently, it appears vital to investigate the connection between EMS and ‘Design for the Environment’ (DFE), i.e. the connection between these management systems and concepts that deal with environmental issues in product development.

    This paper presents product-oriented environmental management systems (POEMS), including characteristics of existing models, experiences from projects where these models have been tested and experiences concerning the product connection in ‘normal’ EMS. It includes a discussion of important factors influencing to what extent DFE activities are integrated into EMS and/or the outcome of such integration.

    There are many motives for integrating the two concepts. Firstly, DFE thinking might enrich EMS by contributing with a life-cycle perspective. If EMS encompassed products' life cycles to a greater extent, they would be a better complement to the often facility-oriented legal requirements and authority control. Secondly, EMS might remove the pilot project character of DFE activities and lead to continuous improvement. Thirdly, integration could lead to successful co-operation, both internally and externally. However, existing studies show that there is a mixed picture concerning the extent ‘normal’ EMS currently encompass products.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Products in environmental management systems: the role of auditors2005Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 417-431Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For standardized environmental management systems (EMS) to be environmentally effective tools, they should affect important environmental aspects related to flows of materials and energy, which for manufacturing companies are closely connected to their products. This paper presents how external environmental auditors interpret and apply important product-related requirements of ISO 14001 at manufacturing companies in Sweden.

    The results indicate that the link between EMS and products is rather weak. Products are seldom regarded as significant environmental aspects and are therefore not within the main scope of many EMS, which are mainly focused on sites. However, all of the interviewed auditors require that some kind of environmental considerations be incorporated into product development, but these considerations are to large extent site oriented; how they are prioritized in relation to other factors such as economics and other customer priorities appears to be up to the companies.

    The paper includes some recommendations to strengthen the role of products within the framework of standardized EMS.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hagqvist, Astrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Design for Manufacturing of Composite Structures for Commercial Aircraft: The Development of a DFM strategy at SAAB Aerostructures2014Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 17, s. 362-367Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the aircraft industry, the use of composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRPs) is steadily increasing, especially in structural parts. Manufacturability needs to be considered in aircraft design to ensure a cost-effective manufacturing process. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a new strategy for how SAAB Aerostructures addressing manufacturability issues during the development of airframe composite structures. Through literature review, benchmarking and company interviews, a design for manufacturing (DFM) strategy was developed. The strategy ensures that the important factors for successful DEM management are implemented on strategic, tactical and operational levels that contribute to a more cost-efficient product development process and aircraft design.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Ankarberg, Linnea
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Terzioglu Özkan, Nazli
    Brunel University, London, UK.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Circular furniture design: A case study from Swedish furniture industry2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (Going green-EcoDesign-21), 2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Casper, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Addressing Today’s challenges in automotive remanufacturing2018Inngår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-4690, Vol. 8, s. 93-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Automotive remanufacturing companies are nowadays facing a wide range ofchallenges. Typical challenges from the point of view of suppliers, producers and customers.Several process steps are analysed and problem fields are dissected: From the core management,to disassembly and cleaning to machining and testing. The main fields of challengesanalysed in this paper are: the vagueness in respect of fiscal value, environmental regulationsand taxation of core parts, the important need for a continuing qualification of staff andengineers, an efficient core management, the adaption of pricing models and the competence tohandle the growing variety and complexity. The focus of this analysis lies on activities of theindependent after-market (IAM) for remanufactured products.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Journal of Remanufacturing Casper and Sundin 2018
  • 6.
    Casper, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Electrification in the automotive industry: effects in remanufacturing2021Inngår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-4690, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 121-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive market is changing. For many years, cars with internal-combustion engines were dominant. Recently, more cars with alternative drive trains have become available, and their market share has increased, a trend that has had an effect on the remanufacturing industry for automotive parts. This paper aims to describe and evaluate the challenges and opportunities in the coming years for the remanufacturing industry as a result of the increasing number and share of electric vehicles. Both theory and empirical data have been used to meet this aim. From theory, the two different drive train concepts of the internal combustion engine and the battery electric vehicle are described, along with the major differences from a remanufacturing standpoint. These differences and effects are described, evaluated, and fully or partly confirmed by industry experts. The results show that future market actors are unset today, less space-consuming machinery parks will be needed, major investments into knowledge and equipment (especially for testing) will be required, and the necessity to handle different kinds of end-of-use/life solutions, especially the recovery for the electric vehicle battery packs, will be a challenge. As future development is still uncertain, the authors recommend that market actors investigate the challenges and opportunities highlighted in this paper and watch future developments carefully.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Casper, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Reverse Logistic Transportation and Packaging Concepts in Automotive Remanufacturing2018Inngår i: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, s. 154-160Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A key process in a closed-loop supply chain is managing and challenging the transportation and packaging management. Strict environmental regulations in connection with transport of environmentally hazardous substances (e.g. oil) are offering a highcost-saving potential in connection with an optimised transportation and packaging concept. The aim of this case orientated paperis to provide the framework for the management of reverse flow of materials in automotive industry. The emphasis is placed onthe remanufacturing activities. To obtain and verify the necessary information for the above mentioned problems, differentmethods and techniques have been applied: 1) Relevant, available literature in connection with this matter was studied; 2) Dataand documents was requested directly by relevant market actors; 3) The clustered data was analysed and samples werehighlighted; and 4) The data was evaluated and recommended courses of action were given. The results show that the mainproblems appear in the area of forward and reverse logistics: Packaging concepts which do not protect the product in an optimalway (forward / reverse logistics). Moreover, packaging concepts which do not protect the environment against potential negativeinfluence of a used part (reverse logistics) A best practice for the transportation of engine components is given and evaluated: Anengine in a metal frame with oil-pan. Securely attached by bolts. Packed in plastic bag.

  • 8.
    Chari, Arpita
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science.
    Vogt Duberg, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Emma
    Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Sustainable Production Development.
    Stahre, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science.
    Despeisse, Mélanie
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Sustainable Production Development.
    Swedish Manufacturing Practices Towards a Sustainability Transition in Industry 4.0: A Resilience Perspective2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the Asme 2021 16th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference (MSEC2021), Vol 1, AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS , 2021, artikkel-id V001T04A002Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish strategic innovation programme, Produktion2030, is a national long-term effort towards global industrial competitiveness addressing Swedish industry’s transition towards climate goals of the European Green Deal while simultaneously realising smart manufacturing and Industry 4.0 (I4.0). This paper investigated the extent of sustainability implementation and implications of I4.0 technologies through a nation-wide quantitative survey in Produktion2030’s 113 collaborative research projects. The analysis showed that 71% of the assessed projects included environmental aspects, 60% social aspects, and 45% Circular Economy (CE) aspects. Further, 65% of the projects implemented I4.0 technologies to increase overall sustainability. The survey results were compared with literature to understand how I4.0 opportunities helped derive sustainability and CE benefits. This detailed mapping of the results along with eight semi-structured interviews revealed that a majority of the projects implemented I4.0 technologies to improve resource efficiency, reduce waste in operations and incorporate CE practices in business models. The results also showed that Swedish manufacturing is progressing in the right direction of sustainability transition by deriving key resilience capabilities from I4.0-based enablers. Industries should actively adopt these capabilities to address the increasingly challenging and unpredictable sustainability issues arising in the world and for a successful transition towards sustainable manufacturing in a digital future.

  • 9.
    Chari, Arpita
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vogt Duberg, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Emma
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Sustainable production development, Stockholm, Sweden.
    William-Olsson, Patrik
    RISE, Sweden.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Sustainable production development, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stahre, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Material Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Warrol, Cecilia
    Teknikföretagen, Sweden.
    Sustainability in Produktion2030: Sustainability and circular economy actions within the project portfolio of the Produktion2030 strategic innovation programme2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Global manufacturing industry is undergoing tremendous transformation towards increased sustainability. This vital, industrial sector is rapidly enhancing its capability for resource efficient, circular, and climate neutral processes and business models. Industry is also rapidly recognizing sustainability and resilience measures as competitive advantages and unique selling points. Companies are being both nudged and forced into sustainable, resource-efficient businesses to comply with new demands and regulations from for example the European Commission’s Green Deal and global policy like the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

    Customer needs as well as government policies and regulations are enforced through e.g. economic bonus and penalty systems, accelerating transformation. This change process is complex, requiring new knowledge and innovation. Therefore, Industrial sustainability is at the core of Produktion2030, the national Swedish Strategic Innovation Programme for manufacturing industry.

    The vision of Produktion2030 is to enable a competitive and sustainable Swedish manufacturing industry. Produktion2030 is putting strong efforts into acceleration of the green transformation, creating crossdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder collaboration, increasing national innovation capacity and agility, and driving competence development as well as workforce upskilling. In 2020, the Produktion2030 Programme Office and Supervisory Group commissioned a study to map sustainability achievements within the programme's total product portfolio.

    A national group of sustainability experts from Chalmers University of Technology, Linköping University, Royal Institute of Technology, and the institute RISE were invited to analyse all past and present Produktion2030 projects, from sustainability and circular economy perspectives.

    This report presents the results from the study, highlighting a selection of contributions to industrial sustainability achieved by Produktion2030 during the programme’s first six years. Data for the study was gathered during the spring of 2020. Representatives from all ongoing and finalised projects within the Produktion2030 programme were invited to an online survey. The objective was to investigate specific project impacts in terms of sustainability and implementation of a circular economy.

    Results showed that all Produktion2030 projects had applied at least one dimension of sustainability, economic. Further, 71% of the projects also covered the environmental dimension. Several projects applied sustainability trade-offs, where an improvement within one sustainability dimension affected other dimensions negatively. The UN Sustainable Development Goals #8, #9 and #12, were considered most relevant by the projects. Implementation or inclusion of circular economy was also common (45%) among the projects. Projects adapted circular economy concepts differently, according to their self-defined project scope and system boundaries. Finally, 65 % of the projects implemented Industry 4.0 concepts and digital solutions, to increase and accelerate the sustainability impact. In conclusion, the study of sustainability efforts within the complete portfolio of Produktion2030 projects by 2020 showed that the programme is strongly contributing to the transformation of manufacturing industry in Sweden towards sustainability.

    Produktion2030 has a deep, strategic commitment to address the challenges of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. This study shows that Produktion2030 also has an excellent transformational capability to deliver research, innovation, and education results that influences sustainability factors. The results strongly support the manufacturing community in Sweden, allowing industry, academia, and institutes to act towards a more sustainable, resilient, and circular society.

  • 10.
    Comstock, Mica
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Monteringsteknik.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Kihlman, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Monteringsteknik.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Winroth, Mats
    Jönköpings tekniska högskola.
    Project Course within Assembly-NET2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Dunbäck, Otto
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Reverse logistic challenges within the remanufacturing of automotive components2011Inngår i: Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Remanufacturing: July 26-29, Glasgow, UK, 2011, s. 74-82Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The remanufacturing industry as a whole, and the automotive sector in particular, have over the years proven to be beneficial to the environment and economically lucrative to the companies involved as well as to their customers. However, the different processes within remanufacturing are associated with complicating characteristics, not least to mention the process of core acquisition, which is not present in traditional manufacturing.

    This paper presents a qualitative study based on interviews from six SMEs regarding challenges linked to the reverse logistics of SMEs remanufacturing and trading automotive components, acting as a first attempt to identify the specific challenges concerning the collection phase of automotive mechatronics and electronics remanufacturing. Challenges previously identified by researchers are confirmed, additional challenges within the collection phase are recognized and challenges expected to arise when remanufacturing and trading automotive CAN bus components are identified and discussed. The major concern for the involved companies when auspicating future challenges is the handling, transportation and storing of cores. Even though the cores today mainly consist of mechanical components, these challenges are still present; they are expected, however, to become even more crucial when cores contain electronic components.

  • 12.
    Elfving, Sofi W.
    et al.
    Ericsson AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ericsson – The History from Product to Solution Provider and Challenges and Opportunities in an Evolving Environment2015Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 30, s. 239-244Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) are realizing that their products, earlier the foundation of their success, no longer stand alone in satisfying customer requirements. Customers now demand integration of services and bundling as well as increased active participation of OEMs during the use phase. Ericsson, a Swedish multinational OEM of communications technology and services, is an example of such a company. The objective of this paper is to describe, compare and discuss Ericsson's journey from a product provider to a PSS provider, e.g. by comparison with other industry examples. Furthermore, the paper highlights future challenges and opportunities for instance regarding business models, trends and product design.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlsson, Julia
    Lydebrandt, Kristian
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Automation of Plastic Recycling – A case study2009Inngår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2009, Sapporo, Japan, Springer, 2009, s. 935-940Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Plastic recycling is an increasingly important issue intoday’s society. The number of plastics and theirvariation with additives has increased lately, affecting inturn the possibilities for plastic material recycling.However, trends in e.g. Japan show a reduction in thenumber of plastics used in e.g. household appliances.This reduction has been put into force in order to easeplastic recycling for those kinds of products.In Sweden, more efforts are put on collecting plasticfor material recycling. The intention for doing this is tohave more plastic material recycled rather thanincinerated and energy recovered. This paper deals witha conceptual investigation and development of anautomatic plastic recycling plant in Sweden. In order toreach a recycling plant that fulfills required technical andeconomic specifications, a large investigation of existingtechniques was performed. This investigation revealedmany techniques described in research, but also whichtechniques that were used by recycling industry today.The results of these studies became a conceptual andpotential well-functioning material recycling plant forplastics which is fully automatic. However, the focus ofthis development has been to sort out and materialrecycle the most common plastics, namely polyetene(LDPE and HDPE), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene(PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polystyrene (PS)whereas the other plastics have been sorted out forenergy recovery. Having these delimitations, a goodrecycling process plant can be achieved.

  • 14.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Automatic Dismantling Challenges in the Structural Design of LCD TVs2014Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 15, s. 251-256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many liquid crystal display television sets (LCD TVs) end up in the waste stream today. The combination of hazardous materials such as mercury and liquid crystal, and the labor-intensive disassembly of LCD TVs, make the recycling process interesting to automate. However, since there are so many manufacturers the variation of LCD TVs is high, making automation a challenge. Todays most common automatic process utilizes shredders, resulting in degradation of recycled material and possible decontamination of machine equipment. This paper aims to investigate the challenges related to the structural design of LCD TVs for an automatic dismantling process for the recycling of LCD TVs. The challenges identified during the empirical study were related to the mixture of materials, inhomogeneous materials, thin design, separation of the different components and finding a suitable dismantling sequence without unnecessary removal of components.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Conceptual Process Development of Automatic Disassembly of Flat Panel Displays for Material Recycling2011Inngår i: Proceedings from the International Conference on Remanufacturing 2011, Glasgow, UK, University of Strathclyde, 27 - 29 July 2011, 2011, s. 187-197Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sales of television sets and computer monitors with flat panel displays have increased dramatically in recent years, and are expected to result in approximately 2.5 billion liquid crystal displays in Europe in the near future. A large investment will be required in Europe as well as globally to handle the large numbers of flat panel displays that are beginning to enter the waste stream today.Given the long-term effects of increased energy and raw material costs, as well as political directives to effect climate change and environmental pollution, it will be a necessity as well as a business opportunity to recycle both the raw materials and components from electronics waste. It is already an accepted truth that “today’s waste is tomorrow’s resources”.The research for this paper aims at exploring what process concepts there are for making an automatic recycling process of flat panel displays. The recycling process shall be both economical and practical to implement in the existing recycling industry.This paper is based on the requirements and needs facing Swedish electronic recycling companies due to the growing amount of electronic waste. This includes the material that will enter an automated flat panel display recycling facility, together with the material and components of interest.The conceptual process has been developed by conducting literature reviews and interviews with recycling companies, as well as by performing practical tests and financial calculations. The result of the evaluation of concepts shows that a circle-saw concept is most suitable, since it has high capacity and provides a good working environment in comparison to the other concepts studied.

  • 16.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Evaporation of Mercury from CCFLs during Recycling of LCD Television Sets2013Inngår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2013 International Symposium, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The element mercury is one of the most hazardous substances known. Still, it is common in the air, water, soil and products we use in our daily life. LCD TVs is one of these products. To prevent the mercury in the LCD TVs from polluting the environment, the LCD TVs are recycled. This is done through automatic shredding or manual disassembly where the mercury can spread in the work environment, the process equipment or to the recycled material. This is due to broken CCFLs in the LCD TVs which contain the mercury. The aim of this paper is to investigate, through a literature review and an empirical study, the amount of mercury released into the work environment due to broken CCFLs from LCD TVs. In the literature review there were found the amount of mercury other researchers has found in CCFLs from LCD TVs, and also where the mercury was found. In the empirical study, the amount of mercury in a LCD due to broken CCFLs were measured and validates the results from other researcher and states that the mercury is difficult to predict.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Evaporation of Mercury from CCFLs during Recycling of LCD Television Sets
  • 17.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Process concepts for semi-automatic dismantling of LCD televisions2014Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 23, nr 2014, s. 270-275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a large variety of electrical and electronic equipment products, for example liquid crystal display television sets (LCD TVs), in the waste stream today. Many LCD TVs contain mercury, which is a challenge to treat at the recycling plants. Two current used processes to recycle LCD TVs are automated shredding and manual disassembly. This paper aims to present concepts for semi-automated dismantling processes for LCD TVs in order to achieve higher productivity and flexibility, and in turn increase the value of the recycled materials, improve the work environment for operators and remove mercury from the recycled materials. A literature review and two empirical studies were performed to be able to present a concept for dismantling direct illuminated LCD TVs. The process used a circular saw and/or a band saw to machine two cuts in LCD TVs to gain access to the mercury-containing cold cathode fluorescent lamps inside. This conceptual process is compared to the other processes found in the literature.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Elo, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Requirements and needs of automatic material recycling of flat panel displays2010Inngår i: Proceedings of Going Green CARE INNOVATION 2010, 8th International Symposium, November 8-11, Vienna, Austria, paper 107 on CD., 2010, s. 107-107Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The amount of flat panel displays in the World is increasing and the day whenthe displays will start to end up in the waste stream in great number is getting closer. Themost common flat panel display, the liquid crystal display, contains liquid crystals, indiumand mercury. The capacity of the recycling plants is not dimensioned according to theamount of displays that needs to be recycled in the near future. To increase the capacity ofthe recycling plants and achieve a better work environment there is a possibility to automatethe recycling process in a greater extends comparing with today. The requirements andneeds of the automated processes are to handle; all incoming material, e.g. liquid crystaldisplays, plasma display panel, organic light emitted diode, other types of displays andother electronic waste, identify and separate the different incoming materials, disassemblethe material and separate the components and materials of interest.

  • 19.
    Engkvist, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för fysioterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Perspectives on recycling centres and future developments2016Inngår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 57, s. 17-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this paper is to draw combined, all-embracing conclusions based on a long-term multidisciplinary research programme on recycling centres in Sweden, focussing on working conditions, environment and system performance. A second aim is to give recommendations for their development of new and existing recycling centres and to discuss implications for the future design and organisation. Several opportunities for improvement of recycling centres were identified, such as design, layout, ease with which users could sort their waste, the work environment, conflicting needs and goals within the industry, and industrialisation. Combining all results from the research, which consisted of different disciplinary aspects, made it possible to analyse and elucidate their interrelations. Waste sorting quality was recognized as the most prominent improvement field in the recycling centre system. The research identified the importance of involving stakeholders with different perspectives when planning a recycling centre in order to get functionality and high performance. Practical proposals of how to plan and build recycling centres are given in a detailed checklist. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 20.
    Engkvist, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell arbetsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Division of Ergonomics, STH, Royal Institute of Technology, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Richard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell arbetsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Joint investigation of working conditions, environmental and system performance at recycling centres - development of instruments and their usage2010Inngår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 336-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recycling is a new and developing industry, which has only been researched to a limited extent. This article describes the development and use of instruments for data collection within a multidisciplinary research programme "Recycling centres in Swede - working conditions, environmental and system performance". The overall purpose of the programme was to form a basis for improving the function of recycling centres with respect to these three perspectives and the disciplines of: ergonomics, safety, external environment, and production systems. A total of 10 instruments were developed for collecting data from employees, managers and visitors at recucling centres, including one instrument for observing visitors. Validation tests were performed in several steps. This, along with the quality of the collected data, and experience from the data collection, showed that the instruments and methodology used were valid and suitable for their purpose.

  • 21.
    Engkvist, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Industriell ergonomi, KTH.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Kihlstedt, Annika
    STFI-Packforsk AB.
    Planera, utforma och driva en återvinningscentral2009Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok baserar sig på de forskningsresultat och erfarenheter som kommit fram inom forskningsprogrammet ”Framtidens återvinningscentral” som är ett multidiciplinärt forskningsprogram som drivits vid Linköpings universitet under åren 2002-2007.Boken vänder sig till alla som är involverade vid planering, byggnation, ombyggnation och drift av återvinningscentraler. Dessa kan vara ansvariga inom kommuner, arkitekter, konsulter, arbetsledare på återvinningscentral, skyddsombud, fackliga förtroendemän med flera.

  • 22.
    Engkvist, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Kvalitetsteknik.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Kihlstedt, Annika
    STFI-Packforsk AB.
    Återvinningscentralen - sorteringsplats, arbetsplats, mötesplats2008Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Falconi, Valentina
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Colledani, Marcello
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Copani, Giacomo
    Institute of Industrial Technologies and Automation, CNR, Italy.
    Key success factors for implementing Upgrading Remanufacturing2017Inngår i: Proceedings of International Conference on Remanufacturing (ICoR-17), 2017, s. 33-46Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing volume of waste in Europe, reduced availability of critical primary resources and new emerging trends towards “green” products push European manufacturers towards the implementation of ‘circular economy’. Product upgrading, i.e. the process of providing new functionalities to products through collection, disassembly/substitution and remanufacturing, could represent an effective solution to support the transition to circular economy. However, economic and environmental sustainability, legislation boundaries, industrial benefits and social impact of design for upgradability and upgrading remanufacturing are still debated in many sectors, and companies still perceive high risks in this transition.

     

    The aim of the paper is to clarify the key success factors for companies that have the willingness to include upgrading remanufacturing in their businesses. An emphasis is placed on how the application of new service-oriented business models for product upgrade and design for remanufacturing can support this implementation and bring high value-added to circular economy businesses.

     

    The methodology used to reach the aim of the paper was to map existing business approaches through a literature review focused on the existing upgrading strategies. Next, a study of real existing case studies of product upgrading was developed. Within this step, the identification of common success factors and a favourable scenario for the implementation of upgrading remanufacturing was conducted.

  • 24.
    Golinska-Dawson, Paulina
    et al.
    Poznań University of Technology, Poland.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Werner-Lewandowska, Karolina
    Poznań University of Technology, Poland.
    Challenges and research issues for remanufacturing in PaaS from theory to industry perspective2023Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Hallack, Elias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mario Peris, Nestor
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Systematic Design for Recycling Approach – Automotive Exterior Plastics2022Inngår i: Proceedings of the 29th CIRP Conference Life Cycle Engineering, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2022, Vol. 105, s. 204-209Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Car components are getting more advanced when meeting customer requirements. At the same time, the requirements of having cars that are easily dismantled and recycled also increase. At Volvo Cars, there is a need to have car components adapted to ease disassembly, where one example is exterior plastic components. However, end-of-life processes of car dismantling are seldom thought of when designing exterior plastic components. Therefore, this paper aims to develop a systematic design approach to support the Design for Recycling of exterior plastic components from an end-of-life perspective. We investigated challenges, factors, and practices that affect the recycling of the cars’ exterior plastic components. In addition, we studied end-of-life and eco-design tools that are used in industry and meet the requirements established by Volvo Cars. This was then used to develop a systematic design approach to support Design for Recycling. It encompasses three steps: 1) checking the investigated component against the identified end-of-life practices (helps to identify problems and generates solutions for design improvements ), 2) comparing the generated design improvements in terms of the environmental aspect (contributes to environmentally-driven decisions), and 3) evaluating the economic recycling benefits of the design improvements. The approach can be used within the automotive industry to improve the Design for Recycling of exterior plastic components and contribute to achieving a more circular economy.

  • 26.
    Hermansson, Henning
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Östlin, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Development of an automatic cleaning process for toner cartridges2007Inngår i: Advances in Life Cycle Engineering for Sustainable Manufacturing Business / [ed] Shozo Takata and Yasushi Umeda, London: Springer , 2007, 1, s. 257-261Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Life cycle engineering deals with technologies for shifting the industry from mass production and mass consumption paradigm to closed loop manufacturing paradigm, in which required functions are provided for customers with the minimum amount of production. This subject is discussed from the various aspects, such as life cycle design, design for environment, reduce/reuse/recycle, life cycle assessment, and sustainable business models.

    Advances in Life Cycle Engineering for Sustainable Manufacturing Businesses gathers together papers from the 14th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering Conference. This conference is the longest running annual meeting in the field, in which papers are presented regarding developments of leading edge technologies, proposals of new concepts, and prominent industry case studies.

  • 27.
    Hochwallner, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktrealisering. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktrealisering. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Automation in Remanufacturing: Applying Sealant on a Car Component2022Inngår i: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, Volume 21 / [ed] Amos H.C. Ng, Anna Syberfeldt, Dan Högberg, Magnus Holm, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2022, Vol. 21, s. 147-158Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The remanufacturing industry currently relies significantly on manualwork when, for example, sorting and disassembling. Due to several issues, includingprocess time and sequence, operations number, disassembly planning andscheduling, process cost, and performance measurement, it is challenging to staycompetitive. Based on this, it is assumed that more extensive use of robots andautomation in these industries can facilitate higher efficiency and better workconditions. This research paper aims to explore how remanufacturing of carcomponents can be made automatic. The paper describes a case where a specific carcomponent was selected and a specific step in its remanufacturing process exploredfrom the perspective of automating that task. When conducting remanufacturing ofthe selected car component, some machines are used for the testing, cleaning, andgrinding of materials. However, all assembly work is done manually. Incollaboration with the case company, the process step of applying sealant for theassembling of a lid that covers electronic components was selected. Thedemonstrator shows that it is possible to apply sealant with a human-robot layoutwith a good result. One of the advantages of using a robot for this step is that a highquality result was achieved. 

  • 28.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Jonköping University, Sweden; Malardalen University, Sweden.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lean and green product development: two sides of the same coin?2014Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 85, s. 104-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares and contrasts the lean product development (LPD) and green product development (GPD) concepts through a systematic literature review including 102 journal publications. The review resulted in 14 findings that were organised according to four dimensions: general, process, people and tools/techniques. A number of similarities between the concepts were found. For example, implementation of both concepts calls for a systems perspective where the dimensions of process-people-tools/techniques are linked holistically. Differences between the LPD and GPD concepts lie in: their goal and focus, value construct, process structure, performance metrics, and tools/techniques used. The findings do not unambiguously support that "green thinking is thinking lean" and consequently it cannot be argued that LPD and GPD are two sides of the same coin, meaning that LPD automatically leads to greener products or that GPD ensures improvements and efficiency in the product development process. However, it is reasonable to conclude that LPD and GPD belong to the same "currency". That is, the concepts share a number of similarities that indicate a synergistic relationship. This synergistic relationship has been accentuated by a nine propositions where the potential for cross-field learning is shown.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    KTH.
    Sustainable manufacturing2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to more sustainable manufacturing is urgently needed. We need to produce with radically less use of energy, virgin material and other resources. As a response to those needs, sustainable manufacturing has emerged as a concept and practise with the underlaying goal that manufacturing shall preserve resources, still contributing to economic growth and human welfare. The manufacturing industry plays a central role in addressing the UN’s global sustainable development goals.

    Sustainable Manufacturing focuses on development and operations of manufacturing systems and processes, with manufacturing’s environmental impacts in focus. The chapters are organised from a life cycle perspective bringing up topics and showing how a manufacturing company can address sustainability issues in each life cycle stage.

    This book is designed to be an introductory textbook applicable for students in higher education and for industrial practitioners, seeking an overview of sustainable manufacturing. It contains nine chapters which are easy to digest and include numerous examples of how to implement sustainable manufacturing in practice.

  • 30.
    Kabel, Daan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ahlstedt, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Consumer purchase intention of remanufactured EEE products – A study on robotic lawn mowers in Sweden2020Inngår i: Procedia CIRP / [ed] Daniel Brissaud, Peggy Zwolinski, Henri Paris, Andreas Riel, 2020, Vol. 90, s. 79-84Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The lack of consumer acceptance of remanufactured products prevents the transition to a circular econ- omy. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of importance of influencing factors to the con- sumer’s purchase intention of a remanufactured robotic lawn mower. The results indicated that the con- sumer’s purchase intention can be measured as a function of attitude, social pressure and the availability of remanufactured products, among which attitude had the highest effect on the purchase intention. The attitude was significantly predicted by the expected product quality, perceived risk and price advantages, among which expected product quality has the highest effect.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Kabel, Daan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Factors Influencing Sustainable Purchasing Behaviour of Remanufactured Robotic Lawn Mowers2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 4, artikkel-id 1954Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The lack of consumer acceptance for remanufactured products is preventing the transition towards sustainable consumption. When knowledge about remanufacturing among consumers is limited, more insight is required into the consumers expectations. The purpose of this paper is to examine the consumers expectations and willingness to engage in sustainable purchasing behaviour when considering buying remanufactured robotic lawn mowers. The theory of planned behaviour and variables from green marketing help form the research model, which was tested empirically using survey data from 118 samples. The results indicate that sustainable purchasing behaviour of remanufactured robotic lawn mowers is primarily influenced by the consumers attitude and evaluation of the remanufactured product, and less so by external influences. Consumers expecting high product quality, low price, and low risk, had a positive evaluation and were therefore more willing to engage in sustainable purchasing behaviour of remanufactured robotic lawn mowers. More concisely, consumers value performance and price reductions, and worry about the time the remanufactured robotic lawn mower remains functional. Environmental knowledge among consumers is sufficient but cannot be fully translated into positive evaluations and sustainable purchases of remanufactured robotic lawn mowers. This research provides guidance for how remanufacturing firms can improve their circular marketing and remanufacturing strategies.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Kilbo, Per
    et al.
    Swerea IVF.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ström, Mikael
    Swerea IVF.
    OEM advantages to prosper on the remanufacturingand service market2011Inngår i: Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Remanufacturing: July 26-29, Glasgow, UK, 2011, s. 330-336Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Kurilova, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Poksinska, Bozena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Remanufacturing challenges and possible lean improvements2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 172, s. 3225-3236Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is a viable way to prolong the useful life of an end-of-use product or its parts. Despite its economic, environmental, and social benefits, remanufacturing is associated with many challenges related to core (used product or its part) availability, timing and quality. The aim of this paper is to study how lean production could be used to tackle remanufacturing process challenges and contribute to shorter lead times. To meet this aim, we conducted a literature review and case studies of four remanufacturing companies. The case companies remanufacturing challenges were: (1) a lack of material requirements planning system, (2) poor core information, (3) a lack of core material, (4) poor spare parts information, (5) a lack of spare parts material, (6) insufficient quality management practices, (7) large inventories, (8) stochastic remanufacturing processes, (9) a lack of supply-demand balance, and (10) insufficient automation. These challenges contribute to long and variable remanufacturing process lead times. To tackle remanufacturing challenges, seven lean-based improvements with a major effect on improvements in lead time were suggested: standard operations, continuous flow, Kanban, teamwork, employee cross-training, layout for continuous flow, and supplier partnership. Providing that the suggested improvements are implemented, a possible lead time reduction of 83-99 per cent was projected. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Kurilova, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Orienting around circular strategies (Rs): How to reach the longest and highest ride on the Retained Value Hill?2023Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 424, artikkel-id 138724Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To comply with a circular economy (CE) and gain significant financial, environmental, and societal benefits, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) tend to adopt circular strategies, also known as "Rs". With a growing tendency to develop new Rs in CE frameworks, OEMs can become disoriented. While remanufacturing is often ranked low compared to other Rs, remanufacturing can still retain the highest product value (pull the used product value up to the top of the Retained Value Hill (see graphical abstract)).The aim of this paper is to align remanufacturing in comparison to other value-retaining processes (VRPs) in terms of the retained product value. To fulfill this aim, data was collected through a literature study and interviews with remanufacturers. The results show that although remanufacturing tends to demand more resources to retain a high product value, it outperforms other VRPs and delivers better output quality, assured with a longer warranty, neutral product identity, and extended (doubled or tripled) product use time. This paper enriches the research on remanufacturing, VRPs, and CE frameworks by showing that OEMs can ride the Retained Value Hill highest and longest only with remanufacturing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Towards facilitating circular product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing2015Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 29, s. 780-785Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve a sustainable development, circular economy approaches and circular material flows are explored in industry. However, circular information flows remain essentially unestablished. The aim of this paper is to: 1) explore categories and types of product life-cycle information available for remanufacturing; 2) identify constraints for efficient product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing; and 3) propose initiatives to facilitate product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing.

    Data was collected through workshops and interviews at five remanufacturing companies. An accumulated Sankey diagram illustrates product life-cycle information flow, losses and bottleneck. Based on the analysis, possible initiatives to facilitate efficient product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing are presented.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Aligning remanufacturing in comparison to recirculation processes2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is a value retention process (VRP), along with direct reuse, repair, and comprehensive refurbishment, which prepares the used product for new uses by controlling and recapturing its value through several industrial operations. Remanufacturing possesses significant financial, environmental, and societal opportunities, and some manufacturers tend to challenge their business models, production systems, products, logistics, and customer management to comply with a circular economy (CE). 

    However, remanufacturing is sometimes undervalued and is ranked low, compared to other VRPs, among the recirculation processes (after-use-phase processes that bring and keep used products, their parts or material in a closed material loop through reuse, recycling, downcycling, and upcycling). The main reason for this is the greater number of resources required and fewer benefits provided compared to direct product reuse and repair. This paper studies a remanufacturer using different VRPs to satisfy customer needs and to better balance an incoming core (used product and its part) quality and the demanded product quality. 

    The aim of this paper is to define remanufacturing value and better align remanufacturing in comparison to other recirculation processes. The data was collected through a literature study and interviews with an EEE remanufacturer to fulfill the aim of this paper. The literature study covered the previous knowledge on remanufacturing, VRPs and recirculation processes. The interviews with an EEE remanufacturer provided valuable input to the scope of the VRPs performed by a single remanufacturer.

    Lean approaches the remanufacturing value from a customer perspective shifting the paradigm of VRP, where remanufacturing is ranked low. Remanufacturing tends to demand greater resources to save the product value and implies greater product intervention. However, the output quality assured with a longer warranty, new product identity and prolonged (doubled or tripled) product use phase overcomes the benefits associated with the other VRPs, when customer value is in focus. The analysis of the remanufacturing value in comparison to other recirculation processes elevates remanufacturing in a recirculation taxonomy for technical products. The assessment of social, environmental, and economic benefits with remanufacturing compliments the findings. The result of the study lays the foundation for the development of the “9R taxonomy” – a framework on recirculation processes for technical products, where six VRPs can be handled by a remanufacturer.

  • 37.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Challenges and Opportunities of Lean Remanufacturing2014Inngår i: International Journal of Automation Technology, ISSN 1881-7629, E-ISSN 1883-8022, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 644-652Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean philosophy, which promotes business excellence through continuous improvement, originates from the Japanese car manufacturer, Toyota’s Production System (TPS). An area where lean has not been fully explored is remanufacturing, a process that brings used products back to useful life. Remanufacturing is often a more complex process than manufacturing due to the uncertainty of process steps/time and part quality/quantity. This study explored remanufacturing by identifying its challenges and opportunities in becoming lean. The challenges of a lean remanufacturing system do not exceed its advantages. Although some researchers state that it is difficult or even impossible to apply lean principles to remanufacturing, this research utilizes lean as a continuous improvement philosophy that focuses on improving the remanufactured products’ quality, process lead times, and inventory levels. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Minimum Time for Material and Information Flows Analysis at a Forklift Truck Remanufacturer2014Inngår i: Proceedings of Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Material and information flows are often complex at remanufacturing companies. Minimum time for Material and Information Flows Analysis (MiniMifa) is a data collection workshop in which material and information flows’ challenges and improvement opportunities are investigated. By carrying the idea of Value Stream Mapping (VSM), MiniMifa turns to an act of cartography of industrial processes. After the workshop, companies have a holistic view of their processes, the current “pains” - challenges, and possible “painkillers” – improvement ideas, including lean-inspired solutions.

    This paper demonstrates a pilot MiniMifa at a forklift truck remanufacturer where a potential improvement in e.g. lead time reduction by 93% was discovered.

  • 39.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    MINIMUM TIME FOR MATERIAL AND INFORMATION FLOWS ANALYSIS (MINIMIFA): A METHOD TO IDENTIFY CHALLENGES AND IMPROVEMENT OPPORTUNITIES2014Inngår i: Proceedings of Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), Götegorg, Sweden, September 16-18; 2014, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Material and information flows are often complex at remanufacturing companies. Minimum time for Material and Information Flows Analysis (MiniMifa) is a data collection workshop in which material and information flows’ challenges and improvement opportunities are investigated. By carrying the idea of Value Stream Mapping (VSM), MiniMifa turns to an act of cartography of industrial processes. After the workshop, companies have a holistic view of their processes, the current “pains” - challenges, and possible “painkillers” – improvement ideas, including lean-inspired solutions.

    This paper demonstrates a pilot MiniMifa at a forklift truck remanufacturer where a potential improvement in e.g. lead time reduction by 93% was discovered.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Remanufacturing: Challenges and Opportunities to be Lean2013Inngår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2013 International Symposium, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The lean philosophy, which denotes business excellence through continuous improvement, originates from Japanese car manufacturer Toyota’s Production System (TPS). An area where lean is not fully explored is remanufacturing, a business that brings used products back to useful life. Remanufacturing is often a more complex process than manufacturing due to uncertainty of process steps/time and part quality/quantity.This paper has explored remanufacturing by revealing its challenges and opportunities to be lean. The identified challenges to work with lean do not overcome the advantages of a lean remanufacturing system. Even though some researches state that it is difficult or even impossible to apply lean to remanufacturing, this research recovers lean as a continuous improvement philosophy that not only works for manufacturing but also for remanufacturing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Remanufacturing: Challenges and Opportunities to be Lean
  • 41.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Remanufacturing lead time reduction through a Just-in-time Lean strategy: a case study on Laptops2017Inngår i: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference onRemanufacturing (ICOR17), 2017, s. 47-56Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The annual accumulation of electronic equipment waste, including IT, in the European Union reached at least nine million tons in 2015. These products usually have a limited lifespan, and many consumers tend to buy new devices before their old ones stop working.

    Remanufacturing is one of the effective ways to contribute to IT waste reduction. Product life extension through remanufacturing gives the product one or several more users throughout its life cycle. When remanufacturing is applied to laptops, the extraction of virgin materials, the energy consumption for manufacturing and the amount of waste are all reduced. However, today many remanufacturers of IT face challenges associated with inefficient and complex processes due to uncertainties in core timing, volume and quality. Lean remanufacturing is typically treated as an operations improvement strategy that deals with the process challenges. Just-in-time is one of the lean strategies to address inefficient, long and stochastic operations. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate how just-in-time can help to reduce remanufacturing process lead time, and consequently increase process efficiency.

    The data was collected through a focus group interview and a simplified Value Stream Mapping lean method at an IT remanufacturing company. The company’s remanufacturing process is assessed regarding process lead time and efficiency. Based on the case company's process challenges, the following possible just-in-time solutions were developed for remanufacturers: cellular layout, distinct product family flows and Kanban reordering system.

  • 42.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Toward Pull Remanufacturing: A Case Study on Material and Information Flow Uncertainties at a German Engine Remanufacturer2015Inngår i: 12th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing – Emerging Potentials, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 26, s. 270-275Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Together with reuse and material recycling, remanufacturing has emerged as a sustainable approach for used products. Remanufacturing is more complex than manufacturing, due to the uncertainties in material and information flows inside the remanufacturing facility and along the product life-cycle. Therefore, some remanufacturers intend to use lean production principles and philosophies to deal with this complexity and to improve their operations. The aim of this paper is to identify reasons for possible material and information flow uncertainties and develop lean-inspired solution at a German engine remanufacturer. The empirical data were collected via a Material and Information Flow Analysis workshop. The reasons for missing, late, defective and non-available spare parts as well as disrupted, uneven, chaotic and inaccessible information flows are identified. Finally, a lean pull Kanban reordering system is suggested and recognized to be a proper solution to remanufacturing complexity.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Poksińska, Bonnie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lean improvements in remanufacturing: solving information flow challenges2017Inngår i: QMOD proceedings, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - One efficient way to prolong the functional life of used products is remanufacturing. Compared to manufacturing, remanufacturing is a complex industrial process due to among other things high product variability, low production volumes and uncertain quality of returned used products. Remanufacturers are dependent on product information from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM), but that information is often not shared. Remanufacturers struggle to access or develop lacking product information and need a strategy to address information flow challenges. Lean could be a suitable strategy to improve the information flow. Therefore, the purpose of the paper is to identify and suggest Lean improvements to address remanufacturer’s information flow challenges.

    Methodology/Approach - Based on a case study of a filling machine remanufacturer, this paper discusses the information flow challenges and Lean-based solutions. The data was collected through a three-hour focus group interview combined with a Value Stream Mapping (VSM) method with the participation of seven company employees representing sales, logistics, quality, maintenance and production departments.

    Findings - Two key information flow challenges were identified at the company: a lack of available product data and miscommunication with the OEM, and poor internal information sharing. The analysis of the identified challenges and improvement ideas created a platform for developing Lean-based solutions:1) developing standard operations through instruction checklists and kitting areas;2) boosting supplier and customer relations through six best partnering practices; and3) developing people and teams through teamwork and training.

    Originality/Value of paper – All industries have their own specific challenges and development needs. This paper focuses on information flow challenges in remanufacturing. Original product information is often not shared, even when the remanufacturer has a contract with the OEM. Only few remanufacturers work with Lean today, but Lean could be a strategy to address the information flow challenges. This paper contributes to the knowledge on how Lean could be applied in the remanufacturing context.

  • 44.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Vogt Duberg, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Gustav
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    How an OEM can become circular with remanufacturing: the case of robotic lawn mowers2020Inngår i: SPS2020 / [ed] Safsten K., Elgh F., IOS Press, 2020, Vol. 13, s. 12s. 261-272Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of resources is at an alarmingly high level, and there is a high need for resource-efficient alternatives to manufacturing. Remanufacturing is one way to reduce the use of both materials and energy, while still providing products with a like-new condition. This paper aims to define critical areas to assess when applying remanufacturing to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The research was conducted by interweaving remanufacturing’s role in a circular economy (CE) with a single case study at a robotic lawn mower OEM. The case study was split into three parts that separately investigated customer demand, product design and economic sustainability, respectively, all in the area of remanufacturing. This paper addressed the research gap in OEM strategy towards a CE with remanufacturing, defining five critical areas to assess when applying remanufacturing to OEMs: customer, product, sustainability (economic, environmental and social), business model, and production system. The findings of the paper could be useful for many OEMs willing to shift to a CE with remanufacturing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Källmar, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlsson Sundqvist, Therese
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Integration of Environmental Aspects in Product Development and Ship Design2013Inngår i: Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013 / [ed] Andrew Y. C. Nee, Bin Song and Soh-Khim Ong, Singapore: Springer, 2013, s. 41-46Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ship recycling is a pressing issue to handle due to bad conditions in South Asian countries. The objective of this paper isto explore how to integrate environmental aspects, especially recycling, in the product development process of ships atKockums AB by developing and proposing an implementation of a tool, document and/or method. As a result, a Long-termEnvironmental Action Plan (LEAP) including 18 actions was developed. The proposed way of implementing LEAP wasthrough plan-do-act-check methodology by a systematic integration of ecodesign. LEAP includes tools, documents andmethods that are to be used in daily work and product development.

  • 46.
    Lee, H. M.
    et al.
    Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Swedish WEEE system – Challenges and Recommendations2012Inngår i: Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST), 2012, IEEE , 2012, s. 1-6Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The directive in WEEE has been in effect since 2001 in the European Union (EU) and Sweden has been the best performance since it was launched. This study looks into how the various stakeholders are playing their role in the system, why was it successful and what are the challenges ahead for the system to further improve and the bring up the rate of WEEE recycling in the country. This work is done by interviewing and visiting the various stakeholders involved in the Swedish WEEE system including the Swedish EPA, Swedish Waste Management, El-Kretsen which is the association representing the manufacturers, the recyclers that are providing the EoL services in the system and consumers of the recycling centres. The study revealed that the system had performed well by virtue of the common understanding and general awareness of the public adding on to the fact that the consumption rate of EEE is also high in Sweden. All the stakeholders displayed a sense a responsibility towards pushing for higher volume to be collected. Many issues that are occurring in collecting WEEE are inherited from the earlier life cycle stages particularly in design and manufacturing. It was also found out in the study that it is more economically viable for the EoL stakeholders to operate WEEE collection as compared to the past due to the growing demands of resources. The processing capacity at times is lagging behind the collection rate. Recommendations for improving the system from both the system level and technical level are also mentioned subsequently in the paper.

  • 47.
    Lee, Hui Mien
    et al.
    Golisano Institute of Sustainability, Rochester Institute of Technology.
    Nasr, Nabil
    Golisano Institute of Sustainability, Rochester Institute of Technology.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Comparative Study of the E-waste Systems in New York State and Sweden2010Inngår i: Proceedings of Going Green CARE INNOVATION 2010, 8th International Symposium, November 8-11, Vienna, Austria, paper 026 on CD., 2010, s. 026-026Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a comparative study of the e-waste management systems between New York State (NYS) in the U.S. and Sweden in the EU. E-waste challengeshave escalated to become an important focus of waste stream in the last decade, especiallyin light of increasing legislations across the world. NYS, being the latest state to join theother 21 states in U.S. to pass an e-waste bill, is the subject to study for evaluating thepotential impact of the bill. Thus the first step is to benchmark the current NYS situationwith the existing Swedish system, the best performing one in EU. The system will becharacterized by 5 major categories for evaluation and analysis. The similarities,differences and possible outcomes for NYS bill are identified and stated here.

  • 48.
    Lee, Hui Mien
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Nasr, Nabil
    Golisano Institute of Sustainability, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, USA.
    Review of End-of-Life Management Issues in Sustainable Electronic Products2011Inngår i: CIRP 9th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, 2011, s. 121-131Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns about climate change and other related environmental challenges have prompted increased interest in sustainable development. In industry, many manufacturers such as the electronics manufacturers have strived to improve their environmental footprints through sustainable manufacturing while also making sure that the bottom line is being met. Electronic products, while bringing technological progress to mankind, generate numerous environmental challenges, especially at their End-of-Life (EoL) stage.

     

    This paper review and discuss the current situation and issues in designing, manufacturing, collecting and marketing of electronic products with respect to the EoL stage. Certain decisions about electronic products made in the early production stages can have serious implications in the management of the products at EoL. For example, a product designed such that it is difficult to disassemble in order to remove hazardous substances can be very inefficient to manage at the EoL stage. Discussion of electronic products’ EoL management approaches is presented in this paper. Subsequently, suggestions for the stakeholders to address the complexities in making electronic products more sustainable are proposed.

  • 49.
    Lind, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olsson, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Exploring inter-organizational relationships in automotive component remanufacturing2014Inngår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-4690, Vol. 4, nr 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the industry sectors with the longest history in remanufacturing is the automotive industry. Remanufactured parts include brake calipers, engines, servo pumps and alternators. A big challenge for automotive component remanufacturers is to achieve a steady flow of cores (parts that are used for remanufacturing). This flow could be secured by making agreements with core suppliers, such as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), a core broker or another actor in the market. The remanufacturer can also choose to collect the cores without closer collaboration with the core suppliers. One crucial aspect in choosing how to collect the cores is that it has to be lucrative.

    The aim of this paper is to explore how remanufacturers manage their inter-organizational relationships in the closed-loop supply chain. A case study was conducted within the European research project ‘CAN-REMAN’, and empirical data was collected from six participating companies within the project, all European small and medium-sized (SME) remanufacturers of automotive components. These companies were investigated, and their relationships, defined in earlier research with core suppliers, were evaluated.

    A key finding of the research is that the most problematic parameter with supplier relationships is to receive the ordered quantity of cores from the supplier. This parameter is continually ranked as one of the most important, and the participating companies also claim to have problems with it. A successful relationship and take-back system was pointed out by one of the companies to never be the owner of the actual cores, and only perform the remanufacturing activity (service) for an OEM. This new relationship, called reman-contract, is where the OEM owns the core and the remanufacturer just performs remanufacturing including some sorting and storing. It was found that with this kind of relationship, the ordered quantity of cores was fulfilled to a higher degree, and thus the challenge of achieving a steady flow of cores was met.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Lind, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Olsson, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Exploring inter-organizational relationships within the remanufacturing of automotive components2011Inngår i: Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Remanufacturing: July 26-29, Glasgow, UK., 2011, s. 95-103Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Being a remanufacturer of automotive components may be problematic due toproblems with a steady flow of cores. The flow could be secured by making agreementswith core suppliers, which could be an OEM, a core broker or another actor on themarket. The remanufacturer can also choose to collect the cores without closercollaboration. One crucial aspect in choosing how to collect the cores is that it has to belucrative.The aim of this paper is to explore how remanufacturers manage their interorganizationalrelationships in the closed-loop supply chain. A case study was conductedwithin the European research project CAN-Reman, and empirical data was collected fromsix participating companies within the project, all European remanufacturers ofautomotive components. These companies were investigated, and their relationships,defined in earlier research with core suppliers, were evaluated.A key finding of the research is that the most problematic parameter withinrelationships is to receive the ordered quantity of cores from the supplier. This parameteris continually ranked as one of the most important, and the participating companies alsoclaim that they have problems with it. A successful relationship and take-back system thathas been pointed out by one of the companies is to never be the owner of the actual cores,and only perform the remanufacturing activity for an OEM.

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