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  • 1.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-ErikLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Lukkarinen Kvist, MirjaliisaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Nord, CatharinaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rum för åldrande. Essäer om äldres boende: Essäer skrivna i forskarutbildningskursen Äldres boende, NISAL 20092010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Höstterminen 2009 genomförde vi en forskarutbildningskurs om äldres boende. Kursens huvudsyfte var att kritiskt behandla den mycket varierande forskning om hem, boende, grannskap och åldrandets villkor som pågår. Kursens nav var diskutera och pröva teorier och metoder som innebär att sociala och kulturella förhållande studeras i relation till den fysiska miljöns utformning.

    Uppgiften att studera äldres boende och boendet under åldrandet är närmast outtömlig. Så mycket av livet utspelas och avgörs av var och hur man bor. Bostaden är ett rum för livet som för de flesta ökar i betydelse när man blir gammal. Man tillbringar mer tid i bostaden. Bostadens utformning kan underlätta eller försvåra vardagslivet. Att bli gammal betyder också att förändra sitt förhållningssätt till hemmet och det grannskap där hemmet finns.

    Det säger sig självt att det finns mycket stora variationer mellan olika äldre människors boende – beroende på ålder, livslopp och boendekarriär, sociala förhållanden, ekonomiska resurser, intressen och behov av vardaglig hjälp och stöd. Variationen är lika stor bland de äldre som i andra åldersgrupper, kanske till och med större eftersom det utöver de vanliga bostadsformerna också finns alternativ som är särskilt avsedda för äldre - seniorlägenheter, livsstilsboenden, trygghetsboenden och särskilda boenden.

    Sedan ett femtontal år har det vuxit fram en bostadsmarknad som speciellt vänder sig till äldre eller personer som vill utforma sitt boende så att de passar det liv de vill leva. Man kan se detta som ett sätt för bostadsmarknadens aktörer att möta att antalet äldre blir fler och att detta förhållande kommer att påverka deras verksamhet i en rad avseenden. Forskning om hur de nya boendena utvecklas över tid är betydelsefull. Kommer boende i seniorhus att göra åldrandet mer meningsfullt och bidra till att de som bor där kan utveckla det civila samhället? Eller kommer seniorhusen att förstärka klyftorna mellan olika äldre och avskilja vissa från det omgivande samhället?

    Kursen hade tre teman: Stadsdelen och orten som rum för det lokala livet, det särskilda boendet som rum för hemliv, vård och omsorg samt generation, boende och flyttmönster. Undervisningen och arbetet i kursen byggdes upp av flera delar. En del bestod av föreläsningar och seminarier som syftade till att ge en översikt av den teoretiska litteraturen som behandlar rumsliga fenomen. En del av kursen behandlade hur boendet för äldre har utvecklats och kan komma att utvecklas i förhållande till bostads- och äldrepolitik. En tredje del syftade till att knyta det teoretiska innehållet till praktiken. Tre fältbesök genomfördes i olika bostadsmiljöer för äldre: ett hyreshusområde i Norrköping, ett nytt seniorbonde och ett nyöppnat särskilt boende. En del av kursens bestod av deltagarnas egna arbeten. Kanske var denna del den viktigaste. Var och en skrev en essä om en fråga som engagerade särskilt. I de flesta fall handlade det om att knyta sitt eget pågående avhandlingsarbete eller sin yrkespraktik till en specifik frågeställning inom kursens ram.

    Essäerna kom att handla om en rad olika aspekter av äldres boende. Några tog upp analytiska och teorigenererade frågor som kunde kopplas till bl.a. fältbesöken, några utnyttjade empiri som man samlat i andra sammanhang, några diskuterade äldres boende och omsorg i specifika geografiska eller sociala kontexter. Essäerna behandlar frågor av stor relevans, i flera fall på ett oväntat och idérikt sätt. Därför har vi samlat några av kursens essäer i denna kursantologi.

    Lärare på kursen var Marianne Abramsson, Jan-Erik Hagberg, Mirjaliisa Lukkarinen Kvist och Catharina Nord, alla från NISAL samt Chris Phillipson från Keele University.

  • 2.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nord, CatharinaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Äldres boende - forskningsperspektiv i Norden2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna antologi diskuteras äldres boendeförhållanden utifrån ett samhälls- och individperspektiv. Äldres boende inkluderar såväl kvarboende i vanliga bostäder som boende i bostäder särskilt avsedda för äldre.

    I boken behandlas fysiska och sociala aspekter på boendet, äldres bostadsmarknad och boendepreferenser. De olika kapitlen exemplifierar olika sätt att studera äldre och deras boendesituation och visar på den variation av områden inom vilka forskning om äldres boende bedrivs. Tillsammans ger de en bred bild av äldres boendesituation och lyfter fram de frågor som särskilt berör äldre, alltifrån de friska och mer rörliga äldre med stora valmöjligheter till de multisjuka äldre som lever längre med sina sjukdomar. Denna heterogenitet ställer stora krav på äldres bostäder och boendemiljöer.Antologin är avsedd att utgöra ett underlag för kurser om äldres boende ur ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Den vänder sig också till aktörer i kommunal produktion av bostäder och omsorg samt andra med intresse för  äldres bostadsfrågor.

    Alla författare är medlemmar i Nordiska nätverket för forskning om äldres boende.

  • 3.
    Astley, Phil
    et al.
    London South Bank University.
    Atkinson, Andy
    London South Bank University.
    Eakin, Pam
    London South Bank University.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inclusive design in our home. Communications with older clients in the design of major housing adaptations2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of people continue to live in their own homes as they move into old age (Peace et al, 2007). However, the home environment may present considerable challenges to those for whom old age brings increasing frailty and disabilities. The purpose of major adaptations to the home is to remove or mitigate obstacles in the physical environment in order to facilitate activities of daily living (Heywood et al. 2002). However, the quality of adaptations may not always meet the expectations of the client. Heywood (2001) suggests that this may be due to difficulties in communication during the design process.

    This study elucidates the process of communication which occurs during the design and construction of home adaptations for older people. It was carried out as part of a larger feasibility study into whether information and visualisation technology might be appropriate in supporting the design and implementation of housing adaptations for older people. The purpose of the main study was to investigate how communication between the older person and professionals might be improved, possibly by providing relevant knowledge with a computer-based tool. The study presented here constitutes the first stage of the main investigation. The aim of this preliminary study was to explore how communication between older clients, their family members, staff in social services, occupational therapists, surveyors and builders took place in the briefing and design process for housing adaptations. The objectives were to identify and examine the roles of the key resource controllers involved in determining client needs and initial solutions, locate the sources and extent of knowledge related to key design and implementation issues. By mapping the flows of communication and transfer of this knowledge would determine the feasibility of developing systems and an information and visualisation tool to support the design and implementation process so that both the user and the builder are presented with the best technical answers to meet their needs.

  • 4.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ageing in people with intellectual disability as it is understood by group home staff2016In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of older residents in group homes for people with intellectual disability (ID) is increasing. This interview study was focused on how group home staff addresses issues of ageing and being old among people with ID. Twelve members of staff at four different group homes in Sweden were interviewed. Findings revealed old age as something unarticulated in the group home. Group home staff felt unprepared to meet age-related changes in residents. The study also revealed that group home staff had a one-tracked way of describing the process of ageing among people with ID, seemingly rooted in a medical paradigm of disability. This study suggests that there is a need to raise issues and give guidance related to ageing and ID in disability policy documents in order to support the development of a formal culture that addresses old age and ID in disability services.

  • 5.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lived experience of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disability2013In: NNDR 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people with intellectual disability (ID) are a growing population in Sweden as in the rest of the western world. The challenges to understand what it means to be old for an individual who have lived her whole life with ID need to be addressed. The aim of this study is to explore how older people ID who live in group accommodations describe their lived experience in relation to ageing and later life. The study has a phenomenological approach, based on the concept of life-world. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve people (five men, seven women) with ID, between 48 to 71 years (m=64), who lived in four different group accommodations in southern Sweden. A semi-structured interview guide was used. The descriptive phenomenological analysis method used discloses a structure consisting of themes and subthemes. The findings of the study reveal the informants’ lived experience of ageing and later life as a multifaceted phenomenon expressed through the two themes “Age as a process of change” and “Existential aspects of ageing” and six substantializing subthemes.  The own body is essential for both how ageing and becoming old is experienced and for how this experience are expressed. The study also finds social, cultural and historical dimensions of the life-world to be important in the informants’ experience of ageing and later life and manifest the existence of a collective life-world for older people with ID, being the unique experiences that the informants share because of their disability and its life course consequences.

  • 6.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lived experiences of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disabilities2015In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 602-628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore how older people with intellectual disability (ID), who live in group accommodation, describe their lived experience in relation to ageing and later life. The study adopted a phenomenological approach, based on the concept of life-world. Individual, qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve people with ID (five men, seven women), between the ages of 48 and 71 (m=64), who lived in four different group accommodation units in southern Sweden. A descriptive phenomenological analysis method was used, which disclosed a structure consisting of themes and subthemes. The findings of the study reveal the informants’ lived experience of ageing and later life as a multifaceted phenomenon, expressed through the two themes, “age as a process of change” and “existential aspects of ageing”, each with three sub themes. along with six substantialising[SK1]  subthemes. The body is an essential element in their experience of ageing and growing old, and in how this experience is expressed. The study also finds social, cultural and historical dimensions of the life-world to be important in the informants’ experience of ageing and later life. This supports understanding of  the existence of a collective life-world for older people with ID, the unique experiences the informants share because of their disability and its consequences for their life course.

     

  • 7.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Comparison of Animal Assisted Therapy and Animal Assisted Activities with Dogs in Swedish Residential Care.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This Poster Aims at Comparing Goal-Oriented Rehabilitation Work with Dogs to Activities with Dogs Performed without Explicit Therapeutic Goals. It is a Qualitative Research Project Based on Interviews with and Observations of Staff as well as Older People. The Results Presented Comes from an Evaluation of Two Assisted Living Facilities in which Animal Assisted Therapy had been used for Three Years. This Programme (AAT) was Carried out with Trained Dogs on the Basis of Referrals Made by Occupational Therapists, Nurses, Medical Doctors and Physiotherapists. This Rehabilitative Work was Compared to Assisted Living Facilities where Dogs were Used for Socialising Purposes primarily (AAA). Preliminary Results Show that the two Ways of Using Dogs were very Different in Certain Respects, primarily as to their Therapeutic Ambitions, while they also somehow Overlapped. The Variety of AAA was Great. Ownership and Keeping of the Dog Varied. The Presence of Goals also Varied. The Use of the Dog often had a more or less Explicit Aim to Increase Well-being and Social Skills among the Residents. Older people who Encountered the Trained Dog in the AAT Programme never Realized that they were actually Participating in a Rehabilitation Programme. They thought that the Purpose was Amusement alone. This was one of the Main Kernels of the Programme. The Idea was that the Older Person would Participate more Voluntarily because they Enjoyed it. Preliminary Conclusions are that the Range of Exercises with Dogs Has Great Potential and that AAT and AAA can be Mixed in new Fruitfull Combinations.

  • 8.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A comparison of animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities with dogs in Swedish residential care2010In: GERONTOLOGIST vol 50, issue , pp 32-32, Gerontological Society of America , 2010, Vol. 50, p. 32-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 9.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A day to be lived. Elderly peoples' possessions for everyday life in assisted living2013In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 135-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a qualitative interview study about the household possessions that elderly women and men brought with them when moving into assisted living. The move implied a substantial reduction of their possessions since, in all cases, they had left a larger dwelling than the one they moved to. The study gives a glimpse into the everyday life of the oldest old in assisted living. The things the elderly participants brought were of three types; cherished objects, representations of who they were, and mundane objects. The most important objects indicated by the elderly often belonged to the third type, and were preferred for the significance they had for the everyday life of the individual. These objects revealed a circumscribed but dignified life in their private bed-sitting room, often in solitude, where the elderly individuals pursued various interests and small-scale activities. However, this life was organized and preferred by the individuals themselves, in accordance with the principles of resident autonomy and individual choice that are promoted in assisted living. The author suggests that these self-engaged pursuits can contribute to bridging the gap between disengagement and activity theories. The study results also contribute to making visible the private life of the oldest old in assisted living.

  • 10.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Actor-Network Theory – a new theoretical approach in assisted living architectural research 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The architecture of assisted living facilities is to a large extent repetitive design models that exhibit strong familiarity with the models of the past. This lack of architectural innovation is a hinder to the development of the care model as well. Care in assisted living still have a significant focus on the group, while individual wishes and needs are not catered for to the same extent. This presentation offers a discussion of a new research perspective aimed to explore the impact of the architectural component on care practices and organization. It suggests a theoretical approach in which architectural elements as well as artifacts are given agency. This perspective is expected to reveal the hidden but often substantial impact on everyday life and work of architectural space. Actor-network theory (ANT) includes physical components together with human beings (and a number of immaterial components) in the networks that compose any organization or activity. Applied to assisted living facilities and their activities, two major problems are discernible: Physical artifacts, such as walls forming spaces, give duration to networks to the extent that they may seem self-evident. Since our (human beings) perspective is naturally the human perspective, artifacts’ impact then appears as everydayness embedded in environments we live in and also render difficult the researcher’s analysis of the architectural component. ANT offers a way out of this dilemma by furnishing performative properties to architectural elements. A point of departure is that architecture does things to human beings and organizations. This presentation discusses on the basis of data from the author’s research on assisted living facility architecture how architecture impacts on the care organization and on the care practices from an ANT perspective. Everyday care situations exemplify the short-comings of current assisted living design models. This includes an analysis of design model qualities which also shows their persistence over time. The presentation concludes by suggesting a research agenda in which ANT is an analysis tool offering a way to understand assisted living as a physical artifact and networks in various scales.

  • 11.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Apartheid and the production of medical space in Namibia.2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      Beskriver hur krigshandlingar blandas samman med sjukhusplanering i Namibia under apartheidtiden.

  • 12.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Architectural design for care of the most frail and old in assisted living in Sweden2010In: GERONTOLOGIST, vol 50, issue , pp 205-205, Gerontological Society of America , 2010, Vol. 50, p. 205-205Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 13.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Architectural Design for Care of the Most Frail and Old in Assisted Living in Sweden.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a presentation of an 18 months ethnographic research project in an assisted living facility in Sweden. Results showed that the residents’ private bedrooms have increased in importance since the residents stay daily 15 hours or more in these rooms due to frailty and long-term conditions. Swedish laws state that care to older people should be individualized. It is desirable that care to some extent is located in the persons’ private bedrooms in order to be adapted to the frail individual’s needs and abilities. Assisted living in Sweden is legally on par with ordinary housing. From this follows that care should contribute to a full life of the individual. Private bedrooms in assisted living in Sweden are often small and dull. This presentation aims to discuss what architectural qualities the private bedroom should preferably have in order to make possible a meaningful day for the most frail and old people.

  • 14.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Architectural space and individual care in assisted living2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction  

    Individual care of older people in assisted living is care in which the residents’ personality, needs and wishes are acknowledged. This is a study of the relationship between architectural space and the individual care the staff provides.

     

    Methods and materials

    This is a ten months ethnographic study in an assisted living facility in Sweden. Observations and individual interviews with staff as well as residents were the main data collection methods. Analysis was done with a grounded theory approach.

     

    Results

    The spatial structure allowed few possibilities to the resident to express their individuality. All residents had similar private rooms which they furnished with their own furniture and assets. These assets were important tools to the staff to make acquaintance with the residents in order to give individual care. Residents stayed most of the time in their private rooms which they indicated as most important for their privacy. However, this is the space where they are most public in the sense that they are exposed to its outmost by intimate care. The staff used a number of spatial micro-strategies to help residents who were uncomfortable by this exposure. The public spaces were mostly frequented by the residents at the meals. The staff constantly rearranged the furniture in the dining-room in order to meet the wishes and needs of various residents so that they would attend the meals. Staff did not interfere with the residents’ use of space according to their own wishes, not even for security reasons. Residents moved freely in the facility.

     

    Conclusion

    The spatial possibilities for individual care in assisted living are limited to the architectural micro level. This is, nevertheless, of great importance to the support of the individual since neither the private rooms nor the public spaces fully reflect or accommodate the individuality of the residents.

  • 15.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Architectural space for HIV services in Uganda. Challenges in a dynamic field2006In: World hospitals and health services, ISSN 1029-0540, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 22-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       Om arkitektonisk utformning av byggnader för HIV service i Uganda. 

  • 16.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Architectural space in respite and intermediate care – an Actor- Network Theory analysis2015In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 29, no 1/2, p. 9-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of two short-term care facilities with support of Actor-Network Theory with the aim to reveal performative processes in different networks in buildings in use. The two facilities differed in architectural design which was expected to influence the care model and organisation. One facility was larger and accommodated four patients/residents in double-rooms together with permanent residents who stayed in single-rooms. The other was smaller and accommodated only short-term care in single-rooms. The study revealed that the latter received more care-demanding people than the other. The size and the type of patients/residents influenced the social environment. The larger one was more busy and lively than the smaller. However, the analysis did not show any difference in quality of care or ambiance. Both facilities were valued as either good or bad by different residents or staff members. The study concludes that therapeutic values and outcomes are defined and redefined in the ongoing performances of everyday interactions.

  • 17.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Architecturalspace as a moulding factor of care practices and resident privacy in assisted living2011In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 934-952Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thisarticle presents an analysis of privacy, care practices and architectural spacein assisted living in Sweden. The presented research is a qualitative casestudy. Observations and personal interviews with staff as well as residentswere the major data collection methods. The analysis revealed the elusivenessof the private/public dichotomy; how privacy appeared in public spaces and howprivate spaces became public under certain conditions. Over the day, theresident followed a trajectory of privacy structured by caring activities invarious spaces from which distance and closeness to the staff emerged. Thestudy showed how individualised care practices improved privacy for theresident. Although the architectural conditions constrained the staff in thestudy, they used a number of spatial strategies in order to improve residentprivacy, for instance, in the dining room at meal times or when residents weresubject to intimate care in their private rooms. Access and control aredimensions of privacy that are of relevance to assisted living. Residents’control of access to their private rooms was more successful than their controlof access to the public areas in the unit. Individual care strengthenedresident agency. Staff supported the residents to lead a private life in theassisted living facility.

  • 18.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Arkitektur for korttidsboende som stöd för personligt bemötande2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

       

  • 19.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Arkitektur för en grå framtid2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arkitektur för ett värdigt liv i särskilt boende2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Arkitektur för korttidsboende2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arktitektur för ett värdigt liv i särskilt boende2013In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 2, p. 19-20Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om det särskilda boendets arkitektur är forskning om hur fysiska miljöer kan stötta svaga och sköra äldre med stora omsorgsbehov. Idag har ca 86 800 personer en bostad där service och omsorg är integrerat i det som kallas särskilt boende. Det är ett av de stora ekonomiska åtagandena för kommunerna och kostnaderna förväntas öka under de närmaste årtiondena. Dessa kostnadsökningen är i fokus för kommunernas intresse men det pågår också ett dynamiskt utvecklingsarbete i många kommuner där man letar efter sätt att höja kvaliteten i bostäder och omsorg. Den arkitektoniska utformningen är en faktor som kan bidra till ökad kvalitet.

  • 23.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Asklepion2007In: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, Vol. 84, no 2, p. 171-173Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln diskuterar dagens rehabilitering med illustration med det antika Asklepion.

  • 24.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Body and disability in architectural research2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The experience of architecture is difficult to research due to that people often have their attention to other things than the built environment. Architecture then constitutes a frame for human experience, a matter of course difficult to describe and grasp. The body’s relationship with physical space is also evasive in nature. The experience of the body disappears when a person’s attention is directed to other things. However, the body reappears when a person is ill or disabled. It becomes describable and a focus for attention that makes it accessible to researchers. This paper presents the disabled body’s relationship with the physical environment illustrated by a research project of major adaptations of bathrooms of older and disabled people’s (client’s) private homes in London. The clients’ experiences of the adapted bathrooms revealed relationship between the body and the environment of great complexity, both prior to and after the adaptations were finished. These experiences revealed that illness and disability may manifest themselves in the micro scale of performances and interfere with the use of space in minute aspects as well as larger ones. They involved reflection on major and minor bodily performances in space, also simple acts which are hardly ever considered in many situations. The client’s had developed complex personalized strategies by which they tried to come to terms with bodily difficulties to which the adaptation was expected to provide the solution. These personalized strategies constituted efforts to embody the new environment.

    More people than ever are reaching high ages. Architects already face the challenges of developing new housing alternatives for disabled and older people. Architectural research goes hand in hand with this. The body situated in its life-world is a conceptual tool of relevance to these studies of the architecture of the everyday in environmental gerontology and disability research.

  • 25.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Communication in housing adaptations between professionals and older clients.2007In: Gerontological Association of America Annual Meeting,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Presenterar ett forskningsprojekt i London om kommunikation mellan äldre och professionella i anpassningar av äldres privata bostäder.      

  • 26.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Confidentiality in architectural space: A study of HIV healthcare facilities in Uganda2008In: Open House International, ISSN 0168-2601, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 53-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses and discusses spatial conditions contributing to confidentiality in HIV healthcare facilities carried out by two non-governmental organisations in Uganda, the AIDS Information Centre (AIC) and The AIDS Support Organisation (TASO). The provision of confidential space was found to be the most important architectural quality promoting client wellbeing, where Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) as well as ongoing services to people living with HIV ore provided. The study shows that confidential space is a requirement in a number of situations: when the client approaches the health centre; during the visit; and in the meeting between client, counsellor and medical staff. An unobtrusive location of the centre and separate, private counselling rooms are thus the mast favourable spatial conditions.

    This article is based on a qualitative, explorative case study carried out in Jinja, Uganda during four months in 2004. Direct observation, interviews, primarily with clients and staff, spatial analyses and a qualitative content analysis were carried out.

  • 27.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Correction: Individual care and personal space in assisted living in Sweden (vol 17, pg 50, 2011)2011In: Health and Place, ISSN 1353-8292, E-ISSN 1873-2054, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 1182-1182Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 28.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dags att pensionera ålderdomshemmen2014In: Dagens Samhälle: kommunernas och landstingens tidning, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    När äldreboenden byggs sitter vi fast i ett gammaldags tänkande präglat av ålderstigna ålderdomshem. Istället borde vi bygga moderna trygghetsboenden där individerna sätts i centrum.

  • 29.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Design according to the law: juridical dimensions of architecture for assisted living in Sweden2013In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 147-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of the Swedish laws concerning care to older people and the architectural design of housing for them in assisted living. There is one predominant model of assisted living facilities in Sweden, which the author argues is the result of a norm, rather than the requirements stated in the Social Services Act, which is the over-arching law. This Act states that care to the old person should be individualized. The predominant assisted living model offers small and identical bed-sitting rooms to each resident where they spend up to 20 hours per day. It is suggested that these rooms do not accommodate the wishes and needs of each and every individual. Assisted living in Sweden is legally ranked in the same category as ordinary housing. However, medical and institutional mind-sets from the past are embedded in a normative way of thinking that takes precedence in the production of these facilities. This norm is nurtured by lower level legislation and rules, such as standards.

  • 30.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Emotional geographies in an assisted living facility in Sweden: Emotions in fieldwork2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation aims to discuss three situations I experienced in an ethnographic fieldwork about care work in an assisted living facility in Sweden. The three situations explore various emotional aspects, what impact and influences they had on my fieldwork. The presentation makes a cross analysis of the emotional content and the space where the situation took place, including how they interfere with each other.

    A man with dementia. This situation took place in the man’s bathroom where the carer helped him with his hygiene. It included emotional aspects that had an impact on the ethical reconsiderations I did before going on with the study. They also brought aspect of privacy and exposure to the foreground in a fruitful way, a theme I later developed in an article in Ageing & Society.

    A blind man. This situation happened in the dining-room in the facility. This man was very depressed and only wanted to lie in his bed. Because he risked developing pneumonia, the staff tried to make him be up as much as possible although he did not want to. In this situation he protested vividly. I could mirror my feelings in the staff experience of the situation so I deepened my understanding of ethical aspects of their work.

    A woman with dementia. In this situation the woman was helped by me on and off the toilet in her bathroom. Her fragile body evoked the same feelings as a child evokes. This highly ambiguous situation made me reflect on the risks of infantilizing older people because of benevolence.

    The presentation will conclude with a summary of the various ways of benefitting of emotional experiences in a fieldwork, mainly ethical guidance and theoretical impact.  

  • 31.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ett privat liv i särskilt boende - en omsorgssituation av rumslig mångtydighet2012In: Åldrande och omsorgens gestaltningar: mot nya perspektiv / [ed] Jeppsson Grassman, Eva, Whitaker, Anna, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 147-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår tids diskussion om välfärd är omsorgsbegreppet centralt. Men vad är omsorg och på vilket sätt kommer den till uttryck i sammanhang som gäller äldre och åldrande? Det är några av de frågeställningar som diskuteras i den här antologin.

    I äldre­omsorgsforskning har man hittills som regel tagit offentlig äldreomsorg som en självklar utgångspunkt. Här vidgas istället perspektivet och flera andra av omsorgsbegreppets olika dimensioner, gestaltningar och sammanhang inkluderas och diskuteras - sådana som har betydelse i vår tid men som ofta har förbisetts i forskningen. Det innebär också att antologin fokuserar på åldrande och omsorg i vid bemärkelse och inte bara på kommunal äldreomsorg. Med utgångspunkt i begrepp som tid, plats och aktörer och samspelet mellan dessa lyfter vi fram flera olika sammanhang för omsorg: Det är fråga om civilsamhället som plats och utförare av omsorg, liksom omsorg som berör migration och etniska relationer. Vi diskuterar också den fysiska miljön, boendet och platsens betydelse för omsorgens utformning och innebörder. Slutligen belyser vi livets sista tid och omsorgens olika existentiella dimensioner under detta skede.

    Åldrande och omsorgens gestaltningar - mot nya perspektiv riktar sig främst till högskolestuderande inom samhälls- och beteende­vetenskap, socialt arbete, social omsorg och vård, liksom till yrkesverksamma inom fältet. Den kan också vara värdefull för en intresserad allmänhet.

  • 32.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Free choice in residential care for older people– a philosophical reflection2016In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 37, no April, p. 59-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free choice in elderly care services is a debated issue. Using the theoretical support of philosophers of free will, this paper explores free choice in relocation to residential care. The three dominant perspectives within this field of philosophy, libertarianism, determinism and compatibilism, are applied from the perspective of the older individual to the process of moving. Empirical data were collected through qualitative interviews with 13 older individuals who had recently moved into residential care. These individuals had made the choice to move following either a health emergency or incremental health problems. In a deterministic perspective they had no alternative to moving, which was the inevitable solution to their various personal problems. A network of people important to them assisted in the move, making the choice possible. However, post-move the interviewees’ perspective had changed to a libertarian or compatibilist interpretation, whereby although the circumstances had conferred little freedom regarding the move, the interviewees reported a high degree of self-determination in the process. It appeared that in order to restore self-respect and personal agency, the older individuals had transformed their restricted choice into a choice made of free will or freer will.

  • 33.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Healthcare and Warfare: Medical space, mission and apartheid in 20th century northern Namibia2014In: Medical history, ISSN 0025-7273, E-ISSN 2048-8343, Vol. 58, no 03, p. 422-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 1966, the first government hospital, Oshakati hospital, was inaugurated in northern South West Africa. It was constructed by the apartheid regime of South Africa which was occupying the territory. Prior to this inauguration, Finnish missionaries had, for 65 years, provided healthcare to the indigenous people in a number of healthcare facilities of which Onandjokwe hospital was the most important. This article discusses these two agents’ different ideological standpoints which were materialised in the spatial design of the two hospitals. The same year, the war between the South West African guerrillas and the South African state started, and continued up to 1988. The two hospitals became involved in the war; Oshakati hospital as a part of the South African war machinery, and Onandjokwe hospital as a “terrorist hospital” in the eyes of the South Africans. The missionary Onandjokwe hospital was linked to the Lutheran church in South West Africa, which became one of the main critics of the apartheid system early in the liberation war. Warfare and healthcare became intertwined with apartheid policies and aggression, materialised by healthcare provision based on strategic rationales rather than the people’s healthcare needs. When the Namibian state took over a ruined healthcare system in 1990, the two hospitals were hubs in a healthcare landscape shaped by war and apartheid logic.

  • 34.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Healthcare facility design for HIV/AIDS services in Uganda. Challenges and possibilities in a dynamic field.2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     Beskriver ett forskningsprojekt om arkitektur för testning för HIV samt vård och stöd till HIV positiva.

  • 35.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Housing for the elderly in Sweden2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    I ett annat perspektiv2009In: Åldrande, ÅLdersordning, Ålderism / [ed] Håkan Jönson, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2009, 1, p. 238-242Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje människa har en kärna av jag inom sig. De flesta kan nog känna att jag var jag för tio, tjugo och fyrtio år sedan. En liten flicka, en ung man. I det omvända perspektivet, om tio år, kan jag föreställa mig att jag sannolikt kommer att uppleva samma förtätning inom mig som jag kallar jag. Men i ett perspektiv på tjugo år, för att inte tala om trettio, fyrtio år börjar känslan av mitt jag upplösas i abstrakt åldrande. Det behöver inte bero på vår tids fixering vid ungdomlighet att detta bereder en svårigheter. Livets mening är helt enkelt att leva. Att föreställa sig att man närmar sig sitt eget slut låter sig inte göras utan motstånd. Man kan nog sluta sig till att en gammal människa är, liksom jag som är yngre, alla sina åldrar. Men inte för att trösta mig. För en gammal människa är framförallt gammal. Och det kommer jag också att bli om jag har tur.

  • 37.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Individual care and personal space in assisted living in Sweden.2011In: Health and Place, ISSN 1353-8292, E-ISSN 1873-2054, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 50-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a qualitative research project, which explores the relationship between individual care and personal space in assisted living in Sweden. The results were generated from 15-months of observational fieldwork and 22 individual interviews with staff members and ten residents. The research revealed two spatial levels significant to individual care practice: the higher level of architectural spatial configuration and the lower level of spatial micro-conditions. Inflexibility at the first level had to be compensated for by staff strategies at the second. Advantageous conditions at both levels offer a dynamic architectural situation to the staff, in which individual care may arise and thrive.

  • 38.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Intergenerational relations materialized: The significance of older peoples’ private possessions in residential care2012In: 21st Nordic Congress of Gerontology: Dilemmas in Ageing Societies / [ed] Rönholt, Finn and Swane, C.E., Nordisk gerontologisk förening , 2012, p. 94-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation conveys results from an ongoing study of the significance of the private possessions that older people bring to their last home in residential care. The focus is on intergenerational relations embedded in the older person’s private assets and how these possessions represent the next of kin. The research is a qualitative study, with individual, semi-structured interviews as the main data collection method. Also, photography was used to document the interviewees’ rooms and assets. Eleven interviews were carried out with 13 older individuals involved. They were in the age range of 60 to 99. The analysis was based on actor network theory and aimed to reveal how artefacts are included in networks in time and space in which personal relations are remembered, confirmed or symbolized. Several aspects of time are present in these networks; the past, the now, and the future are conflated to a field of associations with significant others. There is a need for an extremely restricted selection of things when the older person moves from an often substantially bigger ordinary home to the small bed-sitting room or flat that is normally available to older people in residential care. The things selected may represent the most valuable of an older individual’s possessions, perhaps not so much in economic value, but rather emotionally, practically and as a representation of the individual’s identity and life in which other individuals play and have played an important role. The results show who these significant others are and what types of artefacts represent older people’s relations with them. Furthermore, the results show how relations/artefacts are connected to the older person’s life-stories as well as their present day support and social life. The study concludes that family members from the past and present constitute the most important relations to an older individual in the very late phase of life in residential care. Most of the few assets that are brought to the last home are linked to them in a number of ways.

  • 39.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Knowledge production in temporary care in architectural space2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Architectural space is a collaborator and knowledge producer in care to older people. Architectural space is also a therapeutic landscape that shapes care in different forms and designs (Conradson, 2005; Curtis et al., 2007). This presentation compares two different architectural designs of temporary care facilities, with the aim of showing how architecture contributed to two different therapeutic landscapes and caring practices although both facilities offered respite care and intermediate care. The analysis builds on organizational theory and Actor-Network Theory (Czarniawska and Hernes, 2005). Among the architectural features that differed were double rooms compared with single rooms, which had an impact on the allocation of rooms to different patients and the allocation of patients to the facilities. Another difference was that the double rooms were located in a permanent elderly care facility, while the singles were in a dedicated facility. These two situations engendered entirely different caring encounters and knowledge about individual patients which emerged from interactions between people, space and materialities. The conclusion from the comparison was that architectural space produces knowledge about caring organizations whereby they learn about themselves, their practices and their patients.

     

     

     

     

     

  • 40.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Med Joker i leken. Om samspelet mellan människa med demens och vårdhund2010In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 249-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här essän diskuterar hur verksamhet med vårdhund kan relateras till kommunikativa förmågor hos en människa med demens. Den ger exempel på hur verksamheten kan gå till och vilka förmågor som engageras hos en demenssjuk. Diskussionen underbyggs med posthumanistisk teori. Texten bygger på en utvärdering av verksamhet med vårdhund i Uppsala kommun.

  • 41.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nytta med nöje: En utvärdering av två vårdhundsprojekt i äldreomsorgen i Uppsala kommun2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för att arbeta med hund i äldreomsorg har vaknat i Sverige. Rapporten visar att möjligheterna är många att utveckla olika former av rehabiliterande verksamhet för äldre med vårdhund. De två särskilda boendena som står i centrum för utvärderingen, Årstagården och Balder, båda i Uppsala, har funnit olika vägar i det arbetet även om deras utgångspunkter i hög grad var lika vid starten.

  • 42.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Older people’s assets in assisted living: Habitus as a normative structure of materiality2014In: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When older people move into an assisted living facility they have to make a highly restricted selection of what assets to bring to their new home. This presentation aims to give an analysis of these assets with the support of Bourdieu’s concept of habitus. Habitus refers to the lifestyle, values, tastes and dispositions of a particular social group that are attained through the activities and experiences of everyday life. The presentation is based on qualitative data that were collected by interviews and observations in the participants’ bedsitting-rooms in the facilities. The study revealed strong similarities in what the participants had brought, both at a specific point of time and over time. Most participants were born during the 20s and their life-course was epitomized by a small variety of furniture items and decorations that mirrored the fashions dominating each decade of the 20th century. Various items reflected the working-class background that most of the participants shared. For instance, a colorful aspect echoed the interest in art that was encouraged by the working-class movement as part of its educational ambitions for workers from the 30s onwards in Sweden. The study revealed few gender differences, with the exception of leisure time activities that the participants had pursued. The presentation concludes that the habitus lingers on and also influences the choices made during a move to assisted living. It becomes, as such, normative also in the context of the last home in life.

  • 43.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Patient sociality in hospital architectural space. A qualitative case study in Namibia2005In: World hospitals and health services, ISSN 1029-0540, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 17-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Presenterar ett avhandlingsarbete om afrikanska patienters upplevelse av ett modernt sjukhus.

  • 44.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Research on assisted living for the oldest old.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Residents' negotiation of the private/public dichotomy in assisted living2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This qualitative study, based on interviews and observations in a home for older people, compares the organization of spaces in ordinary living with the organization of spaces in assisted living with the aim of revealing how the dichotomy private/public is negotiated in space by the residents. Each resident lives in one room in the studied home which is divided in a bedroom area closest to the door with adjacent bathroom and an inner part which is a living room area. The most private spaces in an ordinary dwelling, the bedroom and bathroom, are the most public in assisted living in the sense that they are the spaces where most intimate care takes place. The old person-s nakedness and dependence is exposed to the gaze of other persons, mainly staff. The inner part of the private room contains the few private pieces of furniture the resident possesses as well as lots of photos of immediate family and the person itself. This area is seldom visited by other residents or the staff. However, occasionally demented co-residents enter other residents- room by mistake. Women are more disturbed by this than men especially if the intruder is a man. Doors are never locked and they are often left open when the resident is somewhere else or in the room. Other spaces in the home are shared, dining room as well as living room. Residents find favourite seating in these spaces at the dining table and in the sofas available. At the dining table conflicts could arise between residents if one of them believes that another person has taken -his- or -her- seat. Staff mediates in these situations. The study concludes that in this assisted living there is in reality no space the residents completely control but this must be evaluated against other aspects of living together.  

  • 46.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Riktlinjer för särskilt boende - äldres boende i stöpsleven2013Report (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rum för individualitet i särskilt boende2012In: Ädres boende - forskningsperspektiv i Norden / [ed] Marianne Abramsson och Catharina Nord, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 296-308Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna antologi diskuteras äldres boendeförhållanden utifrån ett samhälls- och individperspektiv. Äldres boende inkluderar såväl kvarboende i vanliga bostäder som boende i bostäder särskilt avsedda för äldre.

    I boken behandlas fysiska och sociala aspekter på boendet, äldres bostadsmarknad och boendepreferenser. De olika kapitlen exemplifierar olika sätt att studera äldre och deras boendesituation och visar på den variation av områden inom vilka forskning om äldres boende bedrivs. Tillsammans ger de en bred bild av äldres boendesituation och lyfter fram de frågor som särskilt berör äldre, alltifrån de friska och mer rörliga äldre med stora valmöjligheter till de multisjuka äldre som lever längre med sina sjukdomar. Denna heterogenitet ställer stora krav på äldres bostäder och boendemiljöer.Antologin är avsedd att utgöra ett underlag för kurser om äldres boende ur ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Den vänder sig också till aktörer i kommunal produktion av bostäder och omsorg samt andra med intresse för  äldres bostadsfrågor.

    Alla författare är medlemmar i Nordiska nätverket för forskning om äldres boende.

  • 48.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Spaces of hope. Architectural design for HIV services in Uganda2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     En forskningsrapport om arkitektonisk design för testning för HIV samt stöd till personer som testas positiva.

  • 49.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    The ageing body and architecture2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation aims at discussing the theories of Merleau-Ponty about the body as the anchor in the life-world, applied to the context of the old person-s experience of architecture. The point of departure is that the ageing body faces spatial challenges for those for whom old age brings frailty and disabilities. The environment, to which the individual is accustomed, must be mastered in novel ways. The relationship between the ageing body and space is multifaceted. A qualitative research project about home adaptations shows the complexity in the body/space relationship. The purpose of adaptations to the home is to remove or mitigate obstacles in the physical environment. The study focuses major adaptations, embracing design, implementation and use of the adaptation. Data collection methods were interviews with older clients and professionals involved in major adaptations; occupational therapists, grant surveyors and builders. The results include clients- perceptions of the room prior to the completion, as well as the experiences of the finalised outcome. From basic bodily relations the individual develops more complex strategies to master spatial difficulties. Experiences of major and minor difficulties emerge in which vulnerability is the core. New bodily opportunities offered by the adaptation involve a certain recapture of independence. New relationships between the client and family members, as well as carers, are allowed to emerge. The presentation aims to summarize existing theories of relevance to the understanding of the old person-s relation to space as embodied experience. These theories include social science research about the ageing body, as well as phenomenological architectural research where the body is in the focus. The presentation also explores research about embodiment and cognition of relevance to the design of spaces for older people. The presentation concludes by identifying gaps in the theoretical framework and discusses possible directions for theoretical development.  

  • 50.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    The influence of architecture on care in intermediate living2008In: : Housing and Home for older people. Symposium. Abramsson, M., Nord, C. (arr), Book of abstract: Nordisk Gerontotogisk Förening , 2008, p. 10-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research project focuses on care tasks in relation to the architectural design

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