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  • 1.
    Arvola, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nordvall, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. SICS East Swedish ICT, Linköping, Sweden.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Transmodal interaction and user experience2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12'th SweCog Conference / [ed] Alexander Almér, Robert Lowe, Erik Billing, Skövde: The University of Skövde , 2016, s. 5-5Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We are in a series of studies, ranging from news production to computer gaming, looking into the intersection of transmodal interaction and user experience. The purpose of this abstract is to outline the theoretical framework for that intersection. The first area we are studying is Transmodal Interaction, which is a concept that refer to a specific aspect of multimodal interaction. Human action is multimodal (Streeck, Goodwin, & LeBaron, 2011), and different sensory modes play an important role in action. However, little attention has been given to the intricate ways in which sensory modalities (seeing – drawing, hearing – saying, moving – touching, etc.) integrate, affect, and transform each other during the course of an activity. There are transformations of meaning in every new materialisation of an idea or a thought, partly depending on the communication potential of the sensory modality. This render what we refer to as a transmodal process where ideas and thoughts materialise action by action in an emergent sequence across relatively long and discontinuous timespans (Murphy, 2012). Over a sequence of actions, the meanings expressed in one modality, dynamically blend and shape what is expressed in other modalities. This produces, according to (Murphy, 2012) “a series of semiotic modulations in which certain core qualities persist, but others are noticeably transformed in the transition from one mode to another. (p. 1969)” We can, in intersemiotic translation (Jakobson, 1959) between modalities, address what is lost, how we introduce distortions, or even introduce perceptions of things that do not exist. A question is then how continuity of meaning and experience is preserved in modality changes. The second area we are studying is User Experience. The term refers to a person's perceptions and responses resulting from the use and/or anticipated use of a product, system or service (ISO, 2010). We employ a three level model of user experience based on Leontiev’s account of consciousness (Kaptelinin & Nardi, 2012; Leont ́ev, 1978), which also relate closely to Norman’s model of emotional design (Norman, 2005). The first level is the sensory fabric of consciousness, Norman refers to this as the visceral level. It is the largely subconscious level of how things feel. The second level is the personal meaning of things, related to what and how we do things action by action. Norman (ibid.) refers to this level as the behavioural level. The third level has to do with meaning, and what Norman refers to as a reflective level. It is the level of cultural meaning and what things mean for us in our socially and historically rooted activities. The intersection of these two areas constitutes our current focus of research. We are, in domains as different as news production and computer gaming, investigating persons’ perceptions and actions resulting from interaction with each other and with materialisations across different sensory modalities that give rise to intersemiotic translation effects. 

    References ISO. (2010). ISO 9241-210: 2010 Ergonomics of human-system interaction -- Part 210: Human-centred design. Geneva: International Standardization Organization. Jakobson, R. (1959). On linguistic aspects of translation. In R. A. Brower (Ed.), On translation (pp. 232-239). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Kaptelinin, V., & Nardi, B. (2012). Activity theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections. Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics, 5(1), 1-105.  Leont´ev, A. N. (1978). Activity, Consciousness, and Personality. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Prentice-Hall. Murphy, K. M. (2012). Transmodality and temporality in design interactions. Journal of Pragmatics, 44(14), 1966-1981. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2012.08.013 Norman, D. A. (2005). Emotional design: Why we love (or hate) everyday things. New York, NY.: Basic Books. Streeck, J. r., Goodwin, C., & LeBaron, C. (2011). Embodied interaction: language and body in the material

  • 2.
    Bonu, Bruno
    et al.
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Crozat, Dominique
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Fauré, Laurent
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Sélimanovski, Catherine
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Voir, montrer, dire un ”carnaval de rues” dans un centre de vidéosurveillance2013Inngår i: Dire l'événement: Langage, mémoire, société / [ed] Sophie Moirand, Sandrine Reboul-Touré, Danielle Londei, Licia Reggiani, Paris: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2013, s. 49-59Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Broth, Mathias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Romanska institutionen.
    Agents secrets: Le public dans la construction interactive de la représentation théâtrale2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focusses on the theatre audience, and on its’ role in the main­tenance of the theatrical situation. Using video-recorded perfor­man­ces of rela­tive­ly naturalis­tic, modern dramas, the study examines the behaviour of the audience in relation to the unfolding of stage events. Such behaviour is described through close inspec­tion of the sounds the audience pro­duces, consisting primarily of coughing, throat-clearing, and laughter.

    The study contributes to the growing body of research surrounding ethno­metho­dological conver­sation analysis (CA). CA methods are used to analyse not only an audi­ence’s overt reactions to stage events, but also the actions occurring outside these relatively short-lived phenomena in the context of a theatre performance.

    It is demonstrated that members of the audience refrain from making « vocal noise » during the verbal inter­action of actors, and some of the resources used to achieve this end are described. These include the interpretation of the emerging dialogue, of the relative positioning of actors and of the actors’ use of gesture. Members of the audience are observed making vocal noise around possible com­pletions in the sequence of ongoing stage actions, a placing which seems to make it maximally unobtrusive.

    Furthermore, the audience’s laughter is described. It is argued that members of the audience negociate collective moments of laughter with each other and with the actors. In doing so, the audience displays a sensitive awareness of the other members of the audience and the performers on stage.

    It is finally suggested that vocal noise on one hand and laughter on the other are differently placed in relation to an emerging action. This relative placing seems to indicate their producers’ different orientations to these actions, according to which vocal noise is to be hidden and laughter to be taken as an overt reaction.

  • 4.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Analyse de l'interaction à la télévision2003Inngår i: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 193-202Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att koppla ihop ansikten och namn: Om gemensamt memorerande inom ett TV-team2011Inngår i: Lärande och minnande: som social praktik / [ed] Roger Säljö, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2011, s. 253-283Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Minnesfunktioner är något som det forskas intensivt om. Flera traditioner existerar parallellt. När det gäller minne i kombination med lärande är idag det socialpsykologiska perspektivet på frammarsch. Det går i korthet ut på att inget lärande sker som något isolerat utan alltid i samspel med andra människor och det sker också i samspel med allehanda hjälpmedel eller artefakter. Hur går lärande och minnande till? Vad är det egentligen? Det är detta denna bok försöker besvara. För att förstå det har en tvärvetenskaplig grupp samlats under Roger Säljös ledning för att utforska lärande och minnande. Varför är det viktigt att veta? Den nya kunskap som presenteras i denna bok får konsekvenser för framtida undervisning, för utformande av kommunikation av varierande slag och av artefakter. Vad är "minnande"? Det är en aktiv form av att minnas, minnande är något man lär sig, alltså ingen statisk förmåga. Det sker i samspel med andra människor och artefakter. Minnande är en del av lärandet och vice versa. Man kan inte lära något om man inte samtidigt minns. När man lär något sker ett minnande. Dessa tankar om minnande och lärande grundar sig alla medverkande författare på när de berättar om sina respektive forskningsprojekt. Deras berättelser spänner över många mänskliga områden, från hur tolvåringar arbetar med naturvetenskapliga experiment via dataspelande till polisförhör och från specialpedagogik via kontroverser till minnande och lärande i arkitektur

  • 6.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    La clôture interactionnelle d'une émission télévisée2002Inngår i: Actes du XVème Congrès des romanistes Scandinaves, 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    La Pertinence des formes d’adresse pour la construction interactive d’une interview télévisée2006Inngår i: Dialogic Language Use: Dimensions du dialogisme = Dialogischer Sprachgebrauch / [ed] Taavitsainen, I., Härmä, J., Korhonen, J. & Ursin, M., Helsingfors: Société Néophilologique , 2006, s. 275-294Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Dialogic language use can be defined as textual interaction between text participants in constructing and negotiating meaning in discourse. The articles in this multilingual volume show a rich variety of approaches and ask various pragmatic, text linguistic or sociolinguistic questions about synchronic and / or diachronic literary and nonliterary materials.

  • 8.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    La production du "plan d'écoute" comme pratique collective catégorisante dans une émission télévisée en direct2008Inngår i: Médias, guerres et identités: Les pratiques communicationnelles de l'appartenance politique, ethnique et religieuse, Paris: Éditions des Archives Contemporaines , 2008, s. 226-247Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [fr]

    Le neuvième chapitre, rédigé par Mathias Broth, traite de la manière dont une équipe de réalisation d'une émission télévisée en direct travaille pour présenter l'interaction qui a lieu sur le plateau et qu'elle est en train de filmer. A partir de la réalisation d'une émission qui porte sur le conflit au Proche-Orient entre Palestiniens et Isréliens, ce chapitre analyse comment ces deux catégories nationales sont rendues pertinentes par l'équipe et comment elles sont ensuite montrées à l'audience des téléspectateurs.

  • 9.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    La réalisation des images télévisées comme accomplissement social2004Inngår i: Genres et rhétoriques des discours médiatiques / [ed] Jeanne Strunck, Inger Lasse, Torben Vestergaard, Aalborg: Aalborg University Press , 2004, 1,1, s. 107-123Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le présent volume contient des articles qui présentent une variété d approches en analyse du discours et révèlent de nouvelles réflexions encourageant la compréhension de la construction d images publiques et d idéologies impliquées dans les textes médiatiques. Les discours de la presse imprimée, de la radio, de la télé-vision et de l Internet composent le point de départ des analyses présentées.Même si les contributions se différencient au premier abord, donnant la prépondérance aux notions telles que la polyphonie, la rhétorique, l argumentation, l intertextualité et la métaphore, les autours se réunissent d un aspect qui se montre central pour les analyses du discours des textes médiatiques: les études de genre tant dans les discours oraux que dans le discours écrits.Dans son introduction Professeur Kerbrat-Orecchioni souligne la diversité méthodologique du champ de l analyse du discours, et en ce qui concerne plus précisement les discours médiatiques, elle envisage la problématique des genres dans une perspective à la fois classique, et "révisitée" à la lumière des théories récentes en analyse des discours et des interactions verbales.

  • 10.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    L´interaction du plateau comme ressource contextuelle pour la réalisation télévisuelle2008Inngår i: Verbum : revue de linguistique, ISSN 0182-5887, Vol. 28, nr 2-3, s. 280-304Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    Ce texte s-intéresse au contexte, très complexe, d-une émission télévisée en directe. L-étude montre comment l-interaction sur le plateau peut être rendu pertinente par l-équipe de réalisation - la filmant et la passant à l-antenne - comme une « ressource contextuelle » fondamentale. La compréhension mutuelle des pratiques indexicales de l-équipe (par exemple paroles, commutations et manipulations de caméras) est décrite comme reposant en grande partie sur une attention conjointe vers l-interaction émergeante sur le plateau. A partir d-enregistrements vidéo effectués en régie lors de la réalisation en directe de l-émission Rideau Rouge du 20 janvier 2004, l-étude décrit plus particulièrement une orientation de l-équipe vers trois dimensions de l-organisation locale et endogène de l-interaction sur le plateau : la construction des tours de parole, la séquantialisation et la construction d-activités. L-analyse confirme la pertinence tout à fait générale de ces ordres d-organisation pour la parole-en-interaction, montrant comment, dans ce contexte particulier, chacune d-elles peut être exploitée aux fins pratiques de l-équipe de réalisation. L-étude réfléchit également sur les effets de la médiation lors de la perception distante de l-interaction sur le plateau. En régie, cette interaction peut seulement être surveillée par le biais du dispositif technologique utilisé, ce qui peut avoir des conséquences pour la façon dont elle peut être comprise.  

  • 11.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Om samtalsgrammatik och produktion av en direktständ TV-intervju2003Inngår i: Grammatik och samtal: Studier till minne av Mats Eriksson / [ed] B. Nordberg, L. Keevallik Eriksson, K. Thelander & M. Thelander, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk vid Uppsala universitet , 2003, s. 49-58Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Pans, Tilts, and Zooms Conventional Camera Gestures in TV Production2014Inngår i: Studies of video practices: video at work, Routledge, 2014, Vol. 64, s. 63-96Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 13.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Plats för skratt2002Inngår i: Moderna tider, E-ISSN 1402-4810Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Seeing through screens, hearing through speakers: Managing distant studio space in television control room interaction2009Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 41, nr 10, s. 1998-2016Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how an only partially visible and audible television studio space can be accountably understood from the perspective of a television control room. A proper grasp of the studio space is necessary for understanding, for example, who is talking to whom in the studio, and the position of camera operators relative to both one another and the people they are filming. Such an understanding is crucial for the on-line collaborative editing of the studio interaction, in a way that is intelligible for the audience of viewers. Based on video-recordings of the control room and the studio interaction during the live production of the French interview program Rideau Rouge, this study describes some of the multi-modal resources and practices that the personnel in the control room mobilize for resolving, in interaction, practical problems pertaining to the studio space, e.g. how they manage to show relevant participants, show participants from complementary angles, and direct camera operators to produce specific shots.

  • 15.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sur l'analyse quantitative des actions sociales : le cas de 'prévenir'2006Inngår i: Construction, acquisition et communication: Études linguistiques de discours contemporains / [ed] Engwall, Gunnel, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis , 2006, s. 273-291Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le présent volume constitue un temoignage des fructueuses relations internationales établies à l'Université de Stockholm. Il contient quatorze articles écrits par des specialistes venant de Belgique, de France, de Norvège et de Suède. Ces articles portent sur une grande variété de paroles contemporaines et couvrent trois domaines des sciences du langage: ceux de la syntaxe et de la sémantique (1), de l'acquisition des langues (2) et de l'analyse du discours (3). Ainsi les articles réunis dans ce volume représentent-ils un vaste champ de recherches et soulèvent de nombreuses questions interessantes. La plupart se basent sur des matériaux écrits : des textes litteraires, scientifiques, joumalistiques et publicitaires, mais aussi sur quelques échantillons de la langue parlee: des enregistrements d'émissions télévisées, des interviews et des récits oraux. Grâce à ces matériaux, de langue française pour la plupart, et relevant aussi bien de la langue soutenue que de la langue informelle, les auteurs peuvent tirer des conclusions sur les caractéristiques linguistiques de différents genres textuels. Les auteurs mènent également d'importantes discussions théoriques et terminologiques et présentent des analyses de phénomènes langagiers observables à différents niveaux d'emploi de la langue écrite et de la langue parlée

  • 16.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The "Listening Shot" as a Collaborative Practice for Categorizing Studio Participants in a Live TV-Production2008Inngår i: Ethnographic studies, ISSN 1366-4964, Vol. 10, s. 69-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

      Analyzing a videorecording produced in a TV-control room during the live broadcast of a multi-party discussion on the Road Map for peace in the Middle East, the ways in which the TV-crew exploits close-up shots of the listener, "listening shots", are described as a resource for visually categorizing participants in the studio. After establishing the listening shot as a members- phenomenon, he shows how such shots are oriented to as accountable in the emergent sequence of broadcast shots. At the level of the broadcast programme, listening shots are exploited to produce both confrontation and balance between the Israeli and the Palestinians present in the studio.

  • 17.
    Broth, Mathias
    Stockholm University.
    The production of a live TV-interview through mediated interaction2004Inngår i: Recent Developments and Applications in Social Research Methodology: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Logic and Methodology, August 17-20, 2004, Amsterdam / [ed] C. van Dijkum, J. Blasius, H. Kleijer & B. van Hilten, Amsterdam: SISWO , 2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur.
    The studio interaction as a contextual resource for TV-production2008Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 904-926Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present text focuses on the complex context of TV-production. The study shows how the dynamics of the studio interaction can be made relevant as a crucial contextual resource for the production crew filming and broadcasting the very same interaction. The mutual intelligibility of the crew’s indexical practices (e.g. talk, switches and camera movement) is shown to be grounded in a state of mutual attention to the unfolding studio interaction. Based on a number of recordings made in the control room during the live production of the French TV-show Rideau Rouge (January 20, 2004) the study describes in particular the crew’s orientations towards three dimensions of the endogenous organization of the studio interaction: turn construction, sequence organization, and activity constitution. The analysis confirms the general relevance of these orders of organization for talk-in-interaction, and shows how each can be used for the practical purposes of the production of the show. The study also reflects upon possible mediating effects when perceiving the studio interaction at a distance. In the control room, the studio interaction can only be observed through the technological system at hand, which is shown to be of some importance for the way in which it can be understood.

  • 19.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Theatre Performance as Interaction between Actors and Their Audience2011Inngår i: Nottingham French Studies, ISSN 0029-4586, E-ISSN 2047-7236, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 113-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on video-recorded perfor­man­ces of rela­tive­ly naturalis­tic, modern French dramas, the study examines the behaviour of the theatre audience in relation to unfolding stage events. Such behaviour is described through close inspec­tion of the sounds the audience pro­duces, mainly coughing, throat-clearings, and laughter. CA (Conversation Analysis) methodology is used to analyse not only an audi­ence’s overt reactions to stage events, but also the actions occurring outside these relatively short-lived phenomena in the context of a theatre performance. It is demonstrated that members of the audience refrain from making ‘vocal noise’ during the verbal inter­action of actors, and some of the resources used to achieve this end are described. Furthermore, the audience’s laughter is described. It is shown how members of the audience negotiate collective moments of laughter not only with each other, but also with actors on stage, to insert a laughing turn in the unfolding sequence of dramatic actions.

  • 20.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Levin, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI).
    Showing where you're going: Instructing the accountable use of the indicator in live traffic2018Inngår i: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 28, s. 248-264Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes an interest in how students at a driving school areinstructed how to make the car's behaviour intelligible (accountable)to other road users in traffic. Taking the indicator as an example,the analytic focus is on the ways in which the indicator'srelevance is instructed and its timely activation practiced, andhow activating the indicator is instructed as part of moreencompassing turning procedures. The indicator is one of the centralresources built into cars for displaying to others a driver'sintention about where to go next. Although indicating does not,in itself, affect the movement of the car, activating the indicatoris crucial for allowing others to anticipate a car's movement inspace, and coordinate themselves with it. The analysis showshow instructors manage trainee drivers' instructed actions duringdriving by providing descriptions of what using the indicatoraccomplishes before a directive to turn (a), after a directive to turn(b), and as accounts for initiating correction of trainee driver carcontrol activity (c).

  • 21.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Levin, Lena
    Starting out as a driver: Progression in instructed pedal work2017Inngår i: Memory practices and learning: Interactional, institutional and sociocultural perspectives / [ed] Åsa Mäkitalo, Per Linell & Roger Säljö, Charlotte, N.C.: Information Age Publishing, 2017, s. 115-152Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Levin, Lena
    Swedish Natl Rd and Transport Res Inst VTI, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Telling the Others side: Formulating others mental states in driver training2019Inngår i: Language & Communication, ISSN 0271-5309, E-ISSN 1873-3395, Vol. 65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines ascriptions of mental states to other road users in live traffic driver training. Through this practice, instructors formulate how others make sense of the trainee drivers car. Using multimodal conversation analysis, we demonstrate how others side formulations support trainee drivers communicative handling of the car during ongoing coordination events. In contrast, formulations occurring after coordination events serve educational ends, yielding the generic inferential practices by which competent drivers make contextual sense of others actions. Therefore, others side formulations comprise an important instructional resource for introducing neophyte drivers into the real-world theorizing, rendering traffic its orderly social character. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 23.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Napouléon’s sequential heritage. Using a student error as a resource for learning and teaching pronunciation in the French foreign language classroom2013Inngår i: Classroom discourse, ISSN 1946-3014, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 89-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider a student error produced in a French foreign language small group seminar, involving four Swedish L1 first term university students of French and a native French teacher. The error in question consists of a mispronunciation of the second vowel of the name Napoléon in the midst of a student presentation on the history of Corsica. Taking a conversation analytic approach to situated language use, the study considers the ways in which the erroneous pronunciation is turned into a resource, whereby both teaching and learning opportunities are accomplished in teacher-student interaction. By tracking subsequent references to the initial error in a corpus of video-recorded small group seminars, we explore some of the things that can be achieved by such referencing in later local contexts. The study demonstrates how not only students, but also the teacher, may learn in pedagogical interaction.

  • 24.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Forsgren, MatsStockholms universitet, Stockholm University.Norén, CocoUppsala universitet, University of Uppsala.Sullet-Nylander, FrançoiseStockholms universitet, Stockholm University.
    Le Français parlé des médias: Actes du colloque de Stockholm 8 - 12 juin 20052007Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Keevallik, Leelo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Getting Ready to Move as a Couple: Accomplishing Mobile Formations in a Dance Class2014Inngår i: Space and Culture, ISSN 1206-3312, E-ISSN 1552-8308, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 107-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on how students in a Lindy Hop dance class move into a complex mobile formation as a sequentially relevant response to a directive embedded in the teachers verbal and embodied instructions of the next task for practice. This sequence of actions accomplishes a transition from a stationary constellation of observing students to a mobile circle of practicing dance couples. The article describes in detail how instruction is turned into practice in an emergent way, in and through the simultaneous accountable production and reception of qualitative instruction, practice proposals, structuring instructions, and count-ins. The analysis shows how student behavior is oriented to the couple as a relevant mobile formation and how couples gradually become more synchronized with each other.

  • 26.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Laurier, Eric
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
    Mondada, Lorenza
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Introducing Video at Work2014Inngår i: Studies of video practices: video at work, Routledge, 2014, Vol. 64, s. 1-29Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Laurier, EricUniversity of Edinburgh.Mondada, LorenzaUniversity of Basel.
    Studies of Video Practices: Video at Work2014Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The last two decades have seen a rapid increase in the production and consumption of video by both professionals and amateurs. The near ubiquity of devices with video cameras and the rise of sites like YouTube have lead to the growth and transformation of the practices of producing, circulating, and viewing video, whether it be in households, workplaces, or research laboratories.

    This volume builds a foundation for studies of activities based in and around video production and consumption. It contributes to the interdisciplinary field of visual methodology, investigating how video functions as a resource for a variety of actors and professions.

  • 28.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lundström, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet.
    A walk on the pier: Establishing relevant places in mobile instruction2013Inngår i: Interaction and mobility: language and the body in motion / [ed] Haddington, Pentti, Mondada, Lorenza, Nevile, Maurice, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013, s. 91-122Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How do people use language, gestures and the materialenvironment around themfor interacting in mobile situations? Interaction and Mobility brings together international scholars who use video-recordings from real-life everyday settings to study how people interact in diverse mobile situations as part of activities such as walking, driving, flying, dancing and gaming. This book isvaluablefor anyone interested in multimodal interaction and mobility.

  • 29.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mondada, Lorenza
    Univ Basel, Switzerland.
    Delaying moving away: Place, mobility, and the multimodal organization of activities2019Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 148, s. 44-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In mobile activities alternating between staying at a place and walking to the next place, such as guided visits, the initiation of walking awayis a powerful practice to achieve closing of conversational sequences and courses of action. This was demonstrated in a previous paper (Broth amp; Mondada, 2013): in this follow-up paper, we elaborate on the options that can be responsive to walking away, by focusing on actions that co-participants make in order to momentarily stopit, occasioning a delayed departure/closing. Delying walking awaymay be done, accountably, either as a continuation of the previous course of action, or as an initiation of a new course of action related to the present local position of the participants. The study is based on a large corpus of visits to different places and for diverse purposes, in French, Swedish and English. It also shows how trajectories of walking, their projections and their obstacles, are exemplary embodied practices revealing fundamental features of sequential organization - crucially related to the progressivity of talk, actions, and activities. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 30.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mondada, Lorenza
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Walking away: The embodied achievement of activity closings in mobile interaction2013Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 41-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we describe in detail the coordinated practices of walking away as reflexively contributing to the organization of activity closings. The paper contributes to conversation analytic studies interested in multimodality, space and mobility, by showing the relevance of walking for the systematic and situated organization of talk-in-interaction. More particularly, the paper deals with sequential environments in which activity closings are projected, and achieved by the participants; it shows that in this position, initiating walking away is a resource that makes closing publicly projectable and recognizable. Moreover, the study shows how walking away is a negotiated matter, being initiated by some, aligned or disaligned by others, possibly retracted and revised. Finally, the study demonstrates that walking away as a coordinated and negotiated practice raises normative expectations among the participants: a deviant case is discussed in which participants orient to the absence of such a coordination. In sum, the paper offers a detailed analysis of a particular multimodal practice walking as a conduct systematically coordinated with talk-in-interaction.

  • 31.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Levin, Lena
    VTI, Linköping.
    Förarutbildning i praktiken: En studie av lärande i trafikförankrad interaktion2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    De Stefani, Elwys
    et al.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Deppermann, Arnulf
    Inst Deutsch Sprache, Germany.
    On the road: Communicating traffic2019Inngår i: Language & Communication, ISSN 0271-5309, E-ISSN 1873-3395, Vol. 65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How do people communicate in mobile settings of interaction? How does mobility affect the way we speak? How does mobility exert influence on the manner in which talk itself is consequential for how we move in space? Recently, questions of this sort have attracted increasing attention in the human and social sciences. This Special Issue contributes to the emerging body of studies on mobility and talk by inspecting an ordinary and ubiquitous phenomenon in which communication among mobile participants is paramount: participation in traffic. This editorial presents previous work on mobility in natural settings, as carried out by interactionally oriented researchers. It also shows how the investigation into traffic participation adds new perspectives to research on language and communication. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 33.
    Deppermann, Arnulf
    et al.
    Institut für Deutsche Sprache, Mannheim, Germany.
    Laurier, Eric
    Institute of Geography and the Lived Environment Drummond Street, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh,United Kingdom.
    Mondada, Lorenza
    Universität Basel Romanisches Seminar, Basel, Switzerland.
    Cromdal, Jakob ()
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    De Stefani, Elwys ()
    KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Haddington, Pentti ()
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Levin, Lena ()
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI).
    Nevile, Maurice ()
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Rauniomaa, Mirka ()
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Overtaking as an interactional achievement: Video analyses of participants' practices in traffic2018Inngår i: Gesprächsforschung, ISSN 1617-1837, E-ISSN 1617-1837, Vol. 19, s. 1-131Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we pursue a systematic and extensive study of overtaking in traffic as an interactional event. Our focus is on the accountable organisation and accom-plishment of overtaking by road users in real-world traffic situations. Data and anal-ysis are drawn from multiple research groups studying driving from an ethnometh-odological and conversation analytic perspective. Building on multimodal and se-quential analyses of video recordings of overtaking events, the article describes the shared practices which overtakers and overtaken parties use in displaying, recog-nising and coordinating their manoeuvres. It examines the three sequential phases of an overtaking event: preparation and projection; the overtaking proper; the re-alignment post-phase including retrospective accounts and assessments. We iden-tify how during each of these phases drivers and passengers organise intra-vehicle and inter-vehicle practices: driving and non-driving related talk between vehicle-occupants, the emerging spatiotemporal ecology of the road, and the driving actions of other road users. The data is derived from a two camera set-up recording the road ahead and car interior. The recordings are from three settings: daily commuting, driving lessons, race-car coaching. The events occur on a variety of road types (mo-torways, country roads, city streets, a race track, etc.), in six languages (English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, and Swedish) and in seven countries (Australia, Finland, France, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK). From an exception-ally diverse collection of video data, the study of which is made possible thanks to the innovative collaboration of multiple researchers, the article exhibits the range of practical challenges and communicative skills involved in overtaking.

  • 34.
    Engström, Arvid
    et al.
    Mobile Life Centre, Stockholm University.
    Juhlin, Oskar
    Mobile Life Centre, Stockholm University.
    Perry, Mark
    Brunel University, London, UK.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Temporal hybridity: footage with instant replay in real time2010Inngår i: CHI '10 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2010, s. 1495-1504Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the production of streaming media that involves live and recorded content. To examine this, we report on how the production practices and process are conducted through an empirical study of the production of live television, involving the use of live and non-live media under highly time critical conditions. In explaining how this process is managed both as an individual and collective activity, we develop the concept of temporal hybridity to explain the properties of these kinds of production system and show how temporally separated media are used, understood and coordinated. Our analysis is examined in the light of recent developments in computing technology and we present some design implications to support amateur video production.

  • 35.
    Levin, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Sweden.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Gazin, Ann-Danièle
    Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
    Haddington, Pentti
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    McIlvenny, Paul
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Melander, Helen
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Rauniomaa, Mirka
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Unpacking corrections in mobile instruction: Error-occasioned learning opportunities in driving, cycling and aviation training2017Inngår i: Linguistics and Education, ISSN 0898-5898, E-ISSN 1873-1864, Vol. 38, s. 11-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the organisation of correction in mobile instructional settings. Five sets of videodata (>250 h) documenting how learners were instructed to fly aeroplanes, drive cars and ride bicycles inreal life traffic were examined to reveal some common features of correction exchanges. Through detailed multimodal analysis of participants’ actions, it is shown how instructors systematically elaborate their corrective instructions to include relevant information about the trouble and remedial action – a practice we refer to as the unpacking of correction. It is proposed that the practice of unpacking the local particulars of corrections (i) provides for the instructional character of the interaction, and (ii) is highly sensitive to the relevant physical and mobile contingencies. These findings contribute to the existing literature on the interactional organisation of correction and mobility, as well as to ongoing work in ethnomethodologyand conversation analysis on teaching and learning as members’ phenomena.

  • 36.
    Majlesi, Ali Reza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Emergent learnables in second language classroom interaction2012Inngår i: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, ISSN 2210-6561, E-ISSN 2210-657X, Vol. 1, nr 3-4, s. 193-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how unplanned learnablesemerge in classroom interaction. A learnableis defined as whatever is interactively established as relevant and developed to become a shared pedagogical focus. A learnable can thus be related to any social practice. In the context that we are studying, a Swedish as a second language classroom, we show how interactive processes constructing something as a learnable may originate not only in the use of an unknown Swedish word whose meaning is then asked for (which amounts to a verbal source for a learnable), but also in an unknown name for an object (a material source for a learnable) or an unknown meaning of a gesture (a gestural source for a learnable). These last two sources have not been much described in the existing literature on objects of learning. Through detailed analyses of video recorded classroom interaction, focusing on the ways in which participants gradually accomplish learnables, we show how learnables can arise, step by step, in and for the relevant needs of an emergent learning project that may be quite different from the teacher's pedagogical agenda.

  • 37.
    McIlvenny, Paul
    et al.
    Aalborgs universitet, Aalborg University.
    Broth, MathiasLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.Haddington, PenttiOulu universitet, University of Oulu.
    Communicating place, space and mobility2009Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    McIlvenny, Paul
    et al.
    University of Aalborg, Denmark.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Haddington, Pentti
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Communicating place, space and mobility: Editorial in JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS, vol 41, issue 10, pp 1879-18862009Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 41, nr 10, s. 1879-1886Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 39.
    McIlvenny, Paul
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark .
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Haddington, Pentti
    University of Oulu, Finland .
    Moving Together: Mobile Formations in Interaction2014Inngår i: Space and Culture, ISSN 1206-3312, E-ISSN 1552-8308, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 104-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Pelikan, Hannah R. M.
    et al.
    University of Osnabruck, Germany.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Why That Nao? How Humans Adapt to a Conventional Humanoid Robot in Taking Turns-at-Talk2015Inngår i: 34TH ANNUAL CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, CHI 2016, ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY , 2015, s. 4921-4932Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how humans adapt to a conventional humanoid robot. Video data of participants playing a charade game with a Nao robot were analyzed from a multimodal conversation analysis perspective. Participants soon adjust aspects of turn-design such as word selection, turn length and prosody, thereby adapting to the robots limited perceptive abilities as they become apparent in the interaction. However, coordination of turns-at-talk remains troublesome throughout the encounter, as evidenced by overlapping turns and lengthy silences around possible turn endings. The study discusses how the robot design can be improved to support the problematic taking of turns-at-talk with humans. Two programming strategies to address the identified problems are presented: 1. to program the robot so that it will be systematically receptive at the equivalence to transition relevance places in human-human interaction, and 2. to make the robot preferably produce verbal actions that require a response in a conditional way, rather than making a response only possible.

  • 41.
    Perry, Mark
    et al.
    Brunel Univ, England.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Engstrom, Arvid
    Liveling AB, Sweden.
    Juhlin, Oskar
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Visual Narrative and Temporal Relevance: Segueing Instant Replay into Live Broadcast TV2019Inngår i: Symbolic interaction, ISSN 0195-6086, E-ISSN 1533-8665, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 98-126Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional production of live TV combines real-time and recorded video into a single broadcast stream. In "live" TV, non-live "instant replay" footage can help viewers to make sense of what has just happened. This article shows how multi-person TV production teams assemble timely and relevant instant replays that can be seamlessly combined with real-time footage during live broadcasts. Detailed interaction analysis demonstrates how this work is dependent on coordinated practices, and how team members achieve this by orienting to narrative concerns across multiple temporalities to produce topically useful instant replays, displaying clip relevance, and help segueing transitions between the ongoing action and replay. We conclude by examining the interrelationships between the sequential flow of visual content, the role of talk in mediating time-shifted visual alignments, and how members make their work visible and accountable to one another and to their intended audience.

  • 42.
    Rauniomaa, Mirka
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland .
    Haddington, Pentti
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Melander, Helen
    Uppsala University, Finland.
    Gazin, Ann-Danièle
    Utrecht University, Finland.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Levin, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI).
    McIlvenny, Paul
    Aalborg University.
    Parsing tasks for the mobile novice in real time: Orientation to the learner's actions and to spatial and temporal constraints in instructing-on-the-move2018Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 128, s. 30-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies parsing as a practice used in mobile instruction. The findings build on ethnomethodological conversation analysis and on observations made on video data that have been collected from three settings: skiing, driving a car and flying a plane. In the data, novice learners are instructed by more experienced instructors to accomplish variousmobile tasks. The paper shows how instructors use parsing to guide learners to carry out, step-by-step, the sub-actions that the ongoing mobile task (e.g. turning, landing) is composed of. The paper argues that parsing is a practice employed by instructors to highlight the sub-actions of a mobile task. Instructors may also use parsing to orientlearners to emergent problems to do with the timing, quality and order of the sub-actions in the performance of a complex mobile task. Finally, the paper shows that sometimes there is not enough time to parse an ongoing task, in which case the parsing can be carried out afterwards.

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