Let p be a prime number, p > 2. A closed Riemann surface which can be realized as a p-sheeted covering of the Riemann sphere is called p-gonal, and such a covering is called a p-gonal morphism. If the p-gonal morphism is a cyclic regular covering, the Riemann surface is called a cyclic p-gonal Riemann surface. Accola showed that if the genus is greater than (p − 1)^{2} the p-gonal morphism is unique. Using the characterization of p-gonality by means of Fuchsian groups we show that there exists a uniparametric family of cyclic p-gonal Riemann surfaces of genus (p − 1)^{2} which admit two p-gonal morphisms. In this work we show that these uniparametric families are connected spaces and that each of them is the Riemann sphere without three points. We study the Hurwitz space of pairs (X, f), where X is a Riemann surface in one of the above families and f is a p-gonal morphism, and we obtain that each of these Hurwitz spaces is a Riemann sphere without four points.

A closed Riemann surface which is a 3-sheeted regular covering of the Riemann sphere is called cyclic trigonal, and such a covering is called a cyclic trigonal morphism. Accola showed that if the genus is greater or equal than 5 the trigonal morphism is unique. Costa-Izquierdo-Ying found a family of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4 with two trigonal morphisms. In this work we show that this family is the Riemann sphere without three points. We also prove that the Hurwitz space of pairs (trigonal morphism, is the Riemann sphere with four punctures. Finally, we give the equations of the curves in the family.

A closed Riemann surface which can be realized as a three-sheeted covering of the Riemann sphere is called trigonal, and such a covering is called a trigonal morphism. If the trigonal morphism is a cyclic regular covering, the Riemann surface is called a cyclic trigonal Riemann Surface. Using the characterization of cyclic trigonality by Fuchsian groups, we find the structure of the space of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4.

Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.

Ying, Daniel

Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.

On the space of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 42007In: Groups St Andrews 2005 Volume 2 / [ed] C. M. Campbell, M. R. Quick, E. F. Robertson, G. C. Smith, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 1, p. 504-516Chapter in book (Other academic)

Abstract [en]

'Groups St Andrews 2005' was held in the University of St Andrews in August 2005 and this first volume of a two-volume book contains selected papers from the international conference. Four main lecture courses were given at the conference, and articles based on their lectures form a substantial part of the Proceedings. This volume contains the contributions by Peter Cameron (Queen Mary, London) and Rostislav Grogorchuk (Texas A&M, USA). Apart from the main speakers, refereed survey and research articles were contributed by other conference participants. Arranged in alphabetical order, these articles cover a wide spectrum of modern group theory. The regular Proceedings of Groups St Andrews conferences have provided snapshots of the state of research in group theory throughout the past 25 years. Earlier volumes have had a major impact on the development of group theory and it is anticipated that this volume will be equally important.

A closed Riemann surface which can be realized as a 3-sheeted covering of the Riemann sphere is called trigonal, and such a covering is called a trigonal morphism. Accola showed that the trigonal morphism is unique for Riemann surfaces of genus g ≥ 5. This thesis will characterize the Riemann surfaces of genus 4 wiht non-unique trigonal morphism. We will describe the structure of the space of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4.

A closed Riemann surface which can be realized as a 3-sheeted covering of the Riemann sphere is called trigonal, and such a covering is called a trigonal morphism. Accola showed that the trigonal morphism is unique for Riemann surfaces of genus g ≥ 5. This thesis characterizes the cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4 with non-unique trigonal morphism using the automorphism groups of the surfaces. The thesis shows that Accola’s bound is sharp with the existence of a uniparametric family of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4 having several trigonal morphisms. The structure of the moduli space of trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4 is also characterized.

Finally, by using the same technique as in the case of cyclic trigonal Riemann surfaces of genus 4, we are able to deal with p-gonal Riemann surfaces and show that Accola’s bound is sharp for p-gonal Riemann surfaces. Furthermore, we study families of p-gonal Riemann surfaces of genus (p − 1)^{2} with two p-gonal morphisms, and describe the structure of their moduli space.