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  • 1.
    Elmerstig, E.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    WHY CONTINUE TO HAVE VAGINAL INTERCOURSE DESPITE PAIN? REASONS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG YOUNG SWEDISH WOMEN in JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE, vol 8, issue , pp 121-1212011Ingår i: JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE, Blackwell Publishing Ltd , 2011, Vol. 8, s. 121-121Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 2.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Why do young women continue to have sexual intercourse despite pain?2008Ingår i: Journal of Adolescent Health, ISSN 1054-139X, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 357-363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Many young women suffer from pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse, and an increasing number of them seek help for their problems. It seems that some young women continue to have sexual intercourse despite pain. However, their motives are unclear.

    Methods: A total of 16 women, aged 14-20 years, with variable degrees of coital pain were selected at a youth center in a city in southeastern Sweden, to explore why they continued to have sexual intercourse despite pain. The women participated in audiotaped qualitative individual interviews, which were analyzed using the constant comparative method from grounded theory.

    Results: During the analysis we identified the core category striving to be affirmed in their image of an ideal woman and the categories resignation, sacrifice and feeling guilt.

    The perceived ideal women had several distinct characteristics, such as willingness to have sexual intercourse, being perceptive of their partner’s sexual needs, and being able to satisfy their partners.

    Having sexual intercourse per se was considered to be an affirmation of being a normal woman, irrespective of pain or discomfort.

    Conclusions: These young women’s focus on a constructed ideal explains why they continue to have sexual intercourse despite pain.

    Greater awareness of these beliefs among gynaecologists, sexologists, and other healthcare professionals involved in the management of young women with coital pain would be beneficial.

  • 3.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Sandell, Kerstin
    Centrum för genusvetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    "Sexual pleasure on equal terms": Young women´s ideal sexual situations2012Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 129-134Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: We wanted to identify young women’s ideal images of sexual situations and expectations of themselves in sexual situations.

    Methods: We conducted audiotaped qualitative individual interviews with 14 women aged 14 to 20 years, visiting two youth centers in Sweden. The data were analyzed with constant comparative analysis, the basis of grounded theory methodology.

    Results: The women’s ideal sexual situations in heterosexual practice were characterized by sexual pleasure on equal terms, implying that no one dominates and both partners get pleasure. There were obstacles to reaching this ideal, such as influences from social norms and demands, and experiences of the partner’s “own race”. An incentive to reach the ideal sexual situation was the wish to experience the source of pleasure.

    Conclusions: Our research further accentuates the importance of finding ways to focus on the complexity of unequal gender norms in youth heterosexuality. A better understanding of these cognitions is essential and useful among professionals working with youths´ sexual health.

  • 4.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Prioritizing the partners enjoyment: a population-based study on young Swedish women with experience of pain during vaginal intercourse2013Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 82-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the prevalence of women who continue to have vaginal intercourse (VIC) despite pain, avoid telling the partner, and feign enjoyment. It also considers the reasons for this behavior. A sample of 1566 female senior high school students (aged 18-22 years) completed a questionnaire concerning their experiences and attitudes toward their body and sexuality. Forty-seven percent (270/576) of those women who reported pain during VIC continued to have VIC despite the pain. The most common reasons were that they did not want to spoil sex for or hurt the partner by interrupting VIC. Feigning enjoyment and not telling the partner about their pain were reported by 22 and 33%, respectively. Continuing to have VIC despite pain was associated with feelings of being inferior to the partner during sex, dissatisfaction with their own sex lives and feigning enjoyment while having pain. Pain during VIC is reported by every third young Swedish woman, and almost half of those still continue to have VIC. The major reason given is noteworthy - prioritizing the partners enjoyment before their own - and indicates that young women who continue to have VIC despite pain take a subordinate position in sexual interactions.

  • 5.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Genus och medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Young Swedish women´s experience of pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse2009Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 88, nr 1, s. 98-103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To study experience and prevalence of (1) pain related to first sexual intercourse; (2) pain and/or discomfort associated with sexual intercourse during the previous month; and (3) associations between these experiences.

    Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. A youth center in southeast Sweden. Sample. Three hundred consecutive women, aged 13-21 (response rate 98%).

    Method. During a two-month period, women consulting a youth center, participated in a questionnaire study. Main outcome measures. Pain and/or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

    Results. The majority of the participants, 98%, had had sexual intercourse and of those, 65% reported pain related to first sexual intercourse. Forty-nine percent (99/203) of those who reported sexual intercourse during the previous month had experienced coital pain and/or discomfort during that period, and for almost every second woman (46/99), those experiences constituted a problem. We found no association between experience of pain during first sexual intercourse and pain and/or discomfort during the previous month.

    Conclusions. Prevalence of pain and/or discomfort associated with sexual intercourse is high among women visiting a youth center. Our results show that coital pain in young women is a problem which needs to be further explored.

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