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  • 1.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Ruban, A.V.
    Department of Material Science and Engineering Royal Institute of Technology.
    Phase Stabilities of Alloys From First-Principles2008In: XVII International Materials Research Congress,2008, Mexico: Mexico , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Mikhaylushkin, Arkady
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics .
    Ab initio modeling of alloying effects at extreme conditions2008In: Second EuroMinScI Conference,2008, France: ESF , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 3.
    Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Effects of disorder in metallic systems from First-Principles calculations2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, quantum-mechanical calculations within density-functional theory on metallic systems are presented. The overarching goal has been to investigate effects of disorder. In particular, one of the properties investigated is the bindingenergy shifts for core electrons in binary alloys using different theoretical methods. These methods are compared with each other and with experimental results. One such method, the so-called Slater-Janak transition state method relies on the assumption that the single-particle eigenvalues within density-functional theory are linear functions of their respective occupation number. This assumption is investigated and it is found that while the eigenvalues to a first approximation show linear behavior, there are also nonlinearities which can influence the core-level binding energy shifts.

    Another area of investigation has been iron based alloys at pressures corresponding to those in the Earth’s inner core. This has been done for the hexagonal close packed and face entered cubic structures. The effects of alloying iron with magnesium and nickel on the equation of state as well on the elastic properties have been investigated. The calculations have shown that the hexagonal close packed structure in FeNi is more isotropic than the face-centered cubic structure, and that adding Mg to Fe has a large impact on the elastic properties.

    Finally, the effects of disorder due to thermal motion of the atoms have been investigated through ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations. Within the limits of this method and the setup, it is found that the face-centered cubic structure of molybdenum can be dynamically stabilized at high temperature, leading to a metastable structure, on the average. The dynamical stabilization of face-centered cubic molybdenum also rendered it possible to accurately calculate the lattice stability relative to the body-centered cubic phase. Inclusion of temperature effects for the lattice stability using ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations resolves the disagreement between ab-initio calculations and thermochemical methods.

    List of papers
    1. Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach
    Show others...
    2005 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 6, p. 064203-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    First-principles theoretical calculations of the core-level binding-energy shift (CLS) for eight binary face-centered-cubic (fcc) disordered alloys, CuPd, AgPd, CuNi, NiPd, CuAu, PdAu, CuPt, and NiPt, are carried out within density-functional theory (DFT) using the coherent potential approximation. The shifts of the Cu and Ni 2p3∕2, Ag and Pd 3d5∕2, and Pt and Au 4f7∕2 core levels are calculated according to the complete screening picture, which includes both initial-state (core-electron energy eigenvalue) and final-state (core-hole screening) effects in the same scheme. The results are compared with available experimental data, and the agreement is shown to be good. The CLSs are analyzed in terms of initial- and final-state effects. We also compare the complete screening picture with the CLS obtained by the transition-state method, and find very good agreement between these two alternative approaches for the calculations within the DFT. In addition the sensitivity of the CLS to relativistic and magnetic effects is studied.

    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12565 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.72.064203 (DOI)
    Note

    Original publication: W. Olovsson, C. Göransson, L. V. Pourovskii, B. Johansson and I. A. Abrikosov, Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach, 2005, Physical Review B, (72), 064203. Copyright: The America Physical Society, http://prb.aps.org/

    Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    2. Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems
    2005 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    According to the so-called Janak’s theorem, the eigenstates of the Kohn-Sham Hamiltonian are given by the derivative of the total energy with respect to the occupation numbers of the corresponding one-electron states. The linear dependence of the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues on the occupation numbers is often assumed in order to use the Janak’s theorem in applications, for instance, in calculations of the core-level shifts in materials by means of the Slater-Janak transition state model. In this work first-principles density-functional theory calculations using noninteger occupation numbers for different core states in 24 different random alloy systems were carried out in order to verify the assumptions of linearity. It is found that, to a first approximation, the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues show a linear behavior as a function of the occupation numbers. However, it is also found that deviations from linearity have observable effects on the core-level shifts for some systems. A way to reduce the error with minimal increase of computational efforts is suggested.

    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12559 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134203 (DOI)
    Note

    Original publication: C. Göransson, W. Olovsson and I. A. Abrikosov, Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems, 2005, Physical Review B, (72), 134203. Copyright: The America Physical Society, http://prb.aps.org/

    Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    3. Core-level shifts in complex metallic systems from first principle
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Core-level shifts in complex metallic systems from first principle
    2006 (English)In: Physica status solidi. B, Basic research, ISSN 0370-1972, E-ISSN 1521-3951, Vol. 243, no 11, p. 2447-2464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We show that core-level binding energy shifts (CLS) can be reliably calculated within density functional theory. The scheme includes both the initial (electron energy eigenvalue) as well as final state (relaxation due to core-hole screening) effects in the same framework. The results include CLS as a function of composition in substitutional random bulk and surface alloys. Sensitivity of the CLS to the local chemical environment in the bulk and at the surface is demonstrated. A possibility to use the CLS for structural determination is discussed. Finally, an extension of the model is made for Auger kinetic energy shift calculations.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Wiley, 2006
    Keywords
    71.15.-m, 71.23.-k, 79.20.Fv, 79.60.Dp, 79.60.Ht, 79.60.Jv
    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37239 (URN)10.1002/pssb.200642165 (DOI)34061 (Local ID)34061 (Archive number)34061 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    4. Elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys studied by ab initio calculations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys studied by ab initio calculations
    Show others...
    2007 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 91, no 19, p. 191904-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the influence of the Mn content on the elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys (space group of Fmm) using ab initio calculations. The magnetic effects in Fe–Mn alloys have a strong influence on the elastic properties, even above the Néel temperature. As the Mn content is increased from 5  to  40  at.  %, the C44 elastic constant is unaffected, while C11 and C12 decrease. This behavior can be understood based on the magnetovolume effect which softens the lattice. Since the amplitude of local magnetic moments is less sensitive to volume conserving distortions, the softening is not present during shearing.

    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12567 (URN)10.1063/1.2807677 (DOI)
    Note
    Original publication: Denis Music, Tetsuya Takahashi, Levente Vitos, Christian Asker, Igor A. Abrikosov and Jochen M. Schneider, Elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys studied by ab initio calculations, 2007, Applied Physics Letters, (91), 191904. Copyright: The America Institute of Physics, http://www.aip.org/ Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    5. First-principles solution to the problem of Mo lattice stability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-principles solution to the problem of Mo lattice stability
    2008 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 77, no 220102(R)Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The energy differences between the ground state body-centered structure and closed-packed face-centered structure for transition metals in the middle of the series show unusually large disagreements when they are obtained by the thermochemical approach based on the analysis of experimental data or by first-principles electronic structure calculations. Considering a typical example, the lattice stability of Mo, we present a solution to this long-standing problem. We carry out ab initio molecular dynamics simulations for the two phases at high temperature and show that the configurational energy difference approaches the value derived by means of the thermochemical approach. The main contribution to the effect comes from the modification of the canonical band structure due to anharmonic thermal motion at high temperature.

     

    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12560 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.77.220102 (DOI)
    Note
    Original publication: C. Asker, A. B. Belonoshko, A. S. Mikhaylushkin and I. A. Abrikosov, First-principles solution to the problem of Mo lattice stability, 2008, Physical Review B, (77), 220102(R). Copyright: The America Physical Society, http://prb.aps.org/Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    6. Elastic constants and anisotropy in FeNi alloys at high pressures from first-principles calculations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elastic constants and anisotropy in FeNi alloys at high pressures from first-principles calculations
    2009 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 79, no 21, p. 214112-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The single-crystal and polycrystalline elastic constants and the elastic anisotropy in face-centered cubic and hexagonal close-packed FeNi alloys have been investigated at ultrahigh pressures by means of first-principles calculations using the exact muffin-tin orbitals method and the coherent-potential approximation. Comparisons with earlier calculations for pure Fe and experimental results are presented and discussed. We show that Ni alloying into Fe increases slightly the density and has very little effect on bulk moduli. Moreover, the relative decrease in c(44) elastic constant is much stronger in the hcp phase than in the fcc one. It is found that the elastic anisotropy is higher for face-centered cubic than for the hexagonal close-packed structure of FeNi, even though the face-centered cubic phase has a higher degree of symmetry. The anisotropy in face-centered cubic structure decreases with increasing nickel concentration while a very weak increase is observed for the hexagonal close-packed structure.

    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20159 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.79.214112 (DOI)
    Available from: 2009-09-01 Created: 2009-08-31 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    7. Equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first-principles
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first-principles
    2010 (English)In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, ISSN 0012-821X, E-ISSN 1385-013X, Vol. 293, no 1-2, p. 130-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We have ca1culated the equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic Fe and Fe-rich FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first principles using the Exact Muffin-Tin Orbitals method. The results show that adding Mg into Fe influences strongly the equation of state, and cause a large degree of softening of the elastic constants, even at concentrations as small as 1-2 at. %. Moreover, the e1astic anisotropy increases, and the effect is higher at higher pressures.

    Keywords
    Ab initio, Elasticity, equation of state, iron, magnesium, Earths inner core, Pressure
    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53906 (URN)10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.032 (DOI)000277217100013 ()
    Note
    Original Publication: Christian Asker, U. Kargén, L. Dubrovinsky and Igor Abrikosov, Equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first-principles, 2010, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, (293), 1-2, 130-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.032 Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. http://www.elsevier.com/ Available from: 2010-02-11 Created: 2010-02-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12
    8. Electronic and atomic structure of Mo from high-temperature molecular dynamics simulations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic and atomic structure of Mo from high-temperature molecular dynamics simulations
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    By means of ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations we carry out a detailed stdly of the electronic and atomic structure of Mo upon the thermal stabilization of its dynamically unstable face-centered cubic (fcc) phase, Wc calculate how the atomic positions, radial distribution function, and the ei<xtronic density of states of fcc Mo evolve with temperature. The results are compared with those for dynamically stable body-centered cubic (bcc) phase of Mo, as well as with bcc Zr, which is dynamically unstable at T = OK, but (in contrast to fcc Mo) becomes thermodynamically stable at high temperature, In particular, wc emphasize the difference between the local positions of atoms in the simulation boxes at a particular step of AIMD simulation and the average positions, around which the atoms vibrate, and show that the former are solcly responsible for the electronic properties of the material. WE observe that while the average atomic positions in fcc Mo correspond perfectly to the ideal structure at high temperature, the electronic structure of the metal calculated from AIMD differs substantially from the canonical shape of the density of states for the ideal fcc crystaL From a comparison of our results obtained for fcc Mo arid bcc Zr, we advocate the use of the electronic structure calculations, complemented with studies of radial distribution functions, as a sensitive test of a degree of the temperature induced stabilization of phases, which are dynamically unstable at T = OK.

    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53779 (URN)
    Available from: 2010-02-03 Created: 2010-02-03 Last updated: 2010-02-11
  • 4.
    Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Spectroscopic and elastic properties in metallic systems from first-principles methods2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, ab initio calculations on metallic systems are presented. The overall aim is to probe properties that are often considered to be difficult to obtain within the framework of density-functional theory. The aim has also been to chose problems and systems that are of a wider interest and not only a testbed for calculations.

    One of the properties investigated is the binding-energy shifts for core electrons in binary alloys of face-centered cubic structure using different theoretical methods. These methods are compared with each other and with experimental results. One of the methods, the so-called Slater-Jank transition state method has been investigated in more detail. This method relies on the assumption that the single-particle eigenvalues within density-functional theory are linear functions of their respective occupation number. This assumption is investigated , and it is found that while the eigenvalues to a first approximation show linear behaviour, the Slater-Jank transition state method can be improved by a first-order correction to the non-linearities.

    Another area of investigation have been FeNi systems at high pressure. Calculations of elastic constants in this alloy at pressures corresponding to the Earth's core have been done for the hexagonal close packed and face centered cubic structures. These calculations show that, contrary to many other systems, the hexagonal close packed structure in FeNi is more isotropic than the face centered cubic structure.

    List of papers
    1. Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach
    Show others...
    2005 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 6, p. 064203-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    First-principles theoretical calculations of the core-level binding-energy shift (CLS) for eight binary face-centered-cubic (fcc) disordered alloys, CuPd, AgPd, CuNi, NiPd, CuAu, PdAu, CuPt, and NiPt, are carried out within density-functional theory (DFT) using the coherent potential approximation. The shifts of the Cu and Ni 2p3∕2, Ag and Pd 3d5∕2, and Pt and Au 4f7∕2 core levels are calculated according to the complete screening picture, which includes both initial-state (core-electron energy eigenvalue) and final-state (core-hole screening) effects in the same scheme. The results are compared with available experimental data, and the agreement is shown to be good. The CLSs are analyzed in terms of initial- and final-state effects. We also compare the complete screening picture with the CLS obtained by the transition-state method, and find very good agreement between these two alternative approaches for the calculations within the DFT. In addition the sensitivity of the CLS to relativistic and magnetic effects is studied.

    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12565 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.72.064203 (DOI)
    Note

    Original publication: W. Olovsson, C. Göransson, L. V. Pourovskii, B. Johansson and I. A. Abrikosov, Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach, 2005, Physical Review B, (72), 064203. Copyright: The America Physical Society, http://prb.aps.org/

    Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    2. Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems
    2005 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    According to the so-called Janak’s theorem, the eigenstates of the Kohn-Sham Hamiltonian are given by the derivative of the total energy with respect to the occupation numbers of the corresponding one-electron states. The linear dependence of the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues on the occupation numbers is often assumed in order to use the Janak’s theorem in applications, for instance, in calculations of the core-level shifts in materials by means of the Slater-Janak transition state model. In this work first-principles density-functional theory calculations using noninteger occupation numbers for different core states in 24 different random alloy systems were carried out in order to verify the assumptions of linearity. It is found that, to a first approximation, the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues show a linear behavior as a function of the occupation numbers. However, it is also found that deviations from linearity have observable effects on the core-level shifts for some systems. A way to reduce the error with minimal increase of computational efforts is suggested.

    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12559 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134203 (DOI)
    Note

    Original publication: C. Göransson, W. Olovsson and I. A. Abrikosov, Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems, 2005, Physical Review B, (72), 134203. Copyright: The America Physical Society, http://prb.aps.org/

    Available from: 2008-09-15 Created: 2008-09-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14
    3. Core-level shifts in complex metallic systems from first principle
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Core-level shifts in complex metallic systems from first principle
    2006 (English)In: Physica status solidi. B, Basic research, ISSN 0370-1972, E-ISSN 1521-3951, Vol. 243, no 11, p. 2447-2464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We show that core-level binding energy shifts (CLS) can be reliably calculated within density functional theory. The scheme includes both the initial (electron energy eigenvalue) as well as final state (relaxation due to core-hole screening) effects in the same framework. The results include CLS as a function of composition in substitutional random bulk and surface alloys. Sensitivity of the CLS to the local chemical environment in the bulk and at the surface is demonstrated. A possibility to use the CLS for structural determination is discussed. Finally, an extension of the model is made for Auger kinetic energy shift calculations.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Wiley, 2006
    Keywords
    71.15.-m, 71.23.-k, 79.20.Fv, 79.60.Dp, 79.60.Ht, 79.60.Jv
    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37239 (URN)10.1002/pssb.200642165 (DOI)34061 (Local ID)34061 (Archive number)34061 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
  • 5.
    Asker, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Belonoshko, A. B.
    Applied Materials Physics, Department of Material Science and Engineering, The Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm, Swedent.
    Grimvall, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Statistics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Electronic and atomic structure of Mo from high-temperature molecular dynamics simulationsManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    By means of ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations we carry out a detailed stdly of the electronic and atomic structure of Mo upon the thermal stabilization of its dynamically unstable face-centered cubic (fcc) phase, Wc calculate how the atomic positions, radial distribution function, and the ei<xtronic density of states of fcc Mo evolve with temperature. The results are compared with those for dynamically stable body-centered cubic (bcc) phase of Mo, as well as with bcc Zr, which is dynamically unstable at T = OK, but (in contrast to fcc Mo) becomes thermodynamically stable at high temperature, In particular, wc emphasize the difference between the local positions of atoms in the simulation boxes at a particular step of AIMD simulation and the average positions, around which the atoms vibrate, and show that the former are solcly responsible for the electronic properties of the material. WE observe that while the average atomic positions in fcc Mo correspond perfectly to the ideal structure at high temperature, the electronic structure of the metal calculated from AIMD differs substantially from the canonical shape of the density of states for the ideal fcc crystaL From a comparison of our results obtained for fcc Mo arid bcc Zr, we advocate the use of the electronic structure calculations, complemented with studies of radial distribution functions, as a sensitive test of a degree of the temperature induced stabilization of phases, which are dynamically unstable at T = OK.

  • 6.
    Asker, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kargén, U.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Dubrovinsky, L.
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Inversität Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first-principles2010In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, ISSN 0012-821X, E-ISSN 1385-013X, Vol. 293, no 1-2, p. 130-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have ca1culated the equation of state and elastic properties of face-centered cubic Fe and Fe-rich FeMg alloy at ultrahigh pressures from first principles using the Exact Muffin-Tin Orbitals method. The results show that adding Mg into Fe influences strongly the equation of state, and cause a large degree of softening of the elastic constants, even at concentrations as small as 1-2 at. %. Moreover, the e1astic anisotropy increases, and the effect is higher at higher pressures.

  • 7.
    Asker, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Vitos, L.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor A
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Elastic constants and anisotropy in FeNi alloys at high pressures from first-principles calculations2009In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 79, no 21, p. 214112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The single-crystal and polycrystalline elastic constants and the elastic anisotropy in face-centered cubic and hexagonal close-packed FeNi alloys have been investigated at ultrahigh pressures by means of first-principles calculations using the exact muffin-tin orbitals method and the coherent-potential approximation. Comparisons with earlier calculations for pure Fe and experimental results are presented and discussed. We show that Ni alloying into Fe increases slightly the density and has very little effect on bulk moduli. Moreover, the relative decrease in c(44) elastic constant is much stronger in the hcp phase than in the fcc one. It is found that the elastic anisotropy is higher for face-centered cubic than for the hexagonal close-packed structure of FeNi, even though the face-centered cubic phase has a higher degree of symmetry. The anisotropy in face-centered cubic structure decreases with increasing nickel concentration while a very weak increase is observed for the hexagonal close-packed structure.

  • 8.
    Asker Göransson, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Belonoshko, A. B.
    Applied Materials Physics, Department of Material Science and Engineering, The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Mikhaylushkin, Arkady S.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    First-principles solution to the problem of Mo lattice stability2008In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 77, no 220102(R)Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy differences between the ground state body-centered structure and closed-packed face-centered structure for transition metals in the middle of the series show unusually large disagreements when they are obtained by the thermochemical approach based on the analysis of experimental data or by first-principles electronic structure calculations. Considering a typical example, the lattice stability of Mo, we present a solution to this long-standing problem. We carry out ab initio molecular dynamics simulations for the two phases at high temperature and show that the configurational energy difference approaches the value derived by means of the thermochemical approach. The main contribution to the effect comes from the modification of the canonical band structure due to anharmonic thermal motion at high temperature.

     

  • 9.
    Göransson Asker, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olovsson, Weine
    Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Uppsala University.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems2005In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the so-called Janak’s theorem, the eigenstates of the Kohn-Sham Hamiltonian are given by the derivative of the total energy with respect to the occupation numbers of the corresponding one-electron states. The linear dependence of the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues on the occupation numbers is often assumed in order to use the Janak’s theorem in applications, for instance, in calculations of the core-level shifts in materials by means of the Slater-Janak transition state model. In this work first-principles density-functional theory calculations using noninteger occupation numbers for different core states in 24 different random alloy systems were carried out in order to verify the assumptions of linearity. It is found that, to a first approximation, the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues show a linear behavior as a function of the occupation numbers. However, it is also found that deviations from linearity have observable effects on the core-level shifts for some systems. A way to reduce the error with minimal increase of computational efforts is suggested.

  • 10.
    Music, Denis
    et al.
    Materials Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.
    Takahashi, Tetsuya
    Materials Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.
    Vitos, Levente
    Applied Materials Physics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Asker Göransson, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Schneider, Jochen M.
    Materials Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.
    Elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys studied by ab initio calculations2007In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 91, no 19, p. 191904-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the influence of the Mn content on the elastic properties of Fe–Mn random alloys (space group of Fmm) using ab initio calculations. The magnetic effects in Fe–Mn alloys have a strong influence on the elastic properties, even above the Néel temperature. As the Mn content is increased from 5  to  40  at.  %, the C44 elastic constant is unaffected, while C11 and C12 decrease. This behavior can be understood based on the magnetovolume effect which softens the lattice. Since the amplitude of local magnetic moments is less sensitive to volume conserving distortions, the softening is not present during shearing.

  • 11.
    Olovsson, W.
    et al.
    Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Uppsala University.
    Göransson Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Johansson, B.
    Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Uppsala University.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Core-level shifts in fcc random alloys: A first-principles approach2005In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 72, no 6, p. 064203-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    First-principles theoretical calculations of the core-level binding-energy shift (CLS) for eight binary face-centered-cubic (fcc) disordered alloys, CuPd, AgPd, CuNi, NiPd, CuAu, PdAu, CuPt, and NiPt, are carried out within density-functional theory (DFT) using the coherent potential approximation. The shifts of the Cu and Ni 2p3∕2, Ag and Pd 3d5∕2, and Pt and Au 4f7∕2 core levels are calculated according to the complete screening picture, which includes both initial-state (core-electron energy eigenvalue) and final-state (core-hole screening) effects in the same scheme. The results are compared with available experimental data, and the agreement is shown to be good. The CLSs are analyzed in terms of initial- and final-state effects. We also compare the complete screening picture with the CLS obtained by the transition-state method, and find very good agreement between these two alternative approaches for the calculations within the DFT. In addition the sensitivity of the CLS to relativistic and magnetic effects is studied.

  • 12.
    Olovsson, Weine
    et al.
    Kyoto University, Sakyo Kyoto.
    Asker, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Marten, Tobias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Core-level shifts in complex metallic systems from first principle2006In: Physica status solidi. B, Basic research, ISSN 0370-1972, E-ISSN 1521-3951, Vol. 243, no 11, p. 2447-2464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that core-level binding energy shifts (CLS) can be reliably calculated within density functional theory. The scheme includes both the initial (electron energy eigenvalue) as well as final state (relaxation due to core-hole screening) effects in the same framework. The results include CLS as a function of composition in substitutional random bulk and surface alloys. Sensitivity of the CLS to the local chemical environment in the bulk and at the surface is demonstrated. A possibility to use the CLS for structural determination is discussed. Finally, an extension of the model is made for Auger kinetic energy shift calculations.

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