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  • 1. Armitt, Gillian
    et al.
    Beer, Martin
    van Bruggen, Hanneke
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Green, Sharon
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    The Provision of Education & Training for Health Care Professionals through the Medium of the Internet2001In: Wanderstudent 2000,2000, Leuven: Leuven University Press , 2001, 112- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 2. Beer, Martin
    et al.
    Armitt, Gillian
    Green, Sharon
    van Bruggen, Johanna
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Occupational Therapy.
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    The provision of education and training for health care professionals through the medium of the Internet2002In: Campus-Wide Information Systems, ISSN 1065-0741, Vol. 19, 135-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. Beer, Martin
    et al.
    Armitt, Gillian
    van Bruggen, Johanna
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Green, Sharon
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    Running a European Internet School - OTIS at Work2001In: ICALT 2001,2001, Los Alamitos, CA, USA: IEEE Computer Society , 2001, 418- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4. Beer, Martin
    et al.
    Slack, Frances
    Armitt, Gillian
    van Bruggen, Hanneke
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Green, Sharon
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    Developing Communities of Interest in a European Internet School2002In: Networked Learning 2002,2002, Sheffield: University of Sheffield , 2002, 611- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Borgestig, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Folke Bernadotte Regional Habilitation Centre and Department of Women´s and Children´s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Ahlsten, Gunnar
    Folke Bernadotte Regional Habilitation Centre and Department of Women´s and Children´s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjorn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia; School of Occupational Therapy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Gaze-based assistive technology in daily activities in children with severe physical impairments: an intervention study2017In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 20, no 3, 129-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To establish the impact of a gaze-based assistive technology (AT) intervention on activity repertoire, autonomous use, and goal attainment in children with severe physical impairments, and to examine parents’ satisfaction with the gaze-based AT and with services related to the gaze-based AT intervention.

    Methods: Non-experimental multiple case study with before, after, and follow-up design. Ten children with severe physical impairments without speaking ability (aged 1–15 years) participated in gaze-based AT intervention for 9–10 months, during which period the gaze-based AT was implemented in daily activities.

    Results: Repertoire of computer activities increased for seven children. All children had sustained usage of gaze-based AT in daily activities at follow-up, all had attained goals, and parents’ satisfaction with the AT and with services was high.

    Discussion: The gaze-based AT intervention was effective in guiding parents and teachers to continue supporting the children to perform activities with the AT after the intervention program.

  • 6.
    Borgestig, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Folke Bernadotte Regional Habilitation Centre and Department of Women´s and Children´s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Parsons, Richard
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia / School of Occupational Therapy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Eye gaze performance for children with severe physical impairments using gaze-based assistive technology: a longitudinal study2016In: Assistive technology, ISSN 1040-0435, E-ISSN 1949-3614, Vol. 28, no 2, 93-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gaze-based assistive technology (gaze-based AT) has the potential to provide children affected by severe physical impairments with opportunities for communication and activities. This study aimed to examine changes in eye gaze performance over time (time on task and accuracy) in children with severe physical impairments, without speaking ability, using gaze-based AT. A longitudinal study with an AB design was conducted on ten children (aged 1–15 years) with severe physical impairments, who were beginners to gaze-based AT at baseline. Thereafter, all children used the gaze-based AT in daily activities over the course of the study. Compass computer software was used to measure time on task and accuracy with eye selection of targets on screen, and tests were performed with the children at baseline, after 5 months, 9–11 months, and after 15–20 months. Findings showed that the children improved in time on task after 5 months and became more accurate in selecting targets after 15–20 months. This study indicates that these children with severe physical impairments, who were unable to speak, could improve in eye gaze performance. However, the children needed time to practice on a long-term basis to acquire skills needed to develop fast and accurate eye gaze performance.

  • 7.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Fan, Chia-Wei
    University of Illinois at Chicago.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Taylor, Renée
    University of Illinois at Chicago.
    Work environment impact scale: Testing the psychometric properties of the Swedish version2014In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 2, 213-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS) is an assessment that focuses on the fit between a person and his or her work environment. It is based on Kielhofner’s Model of Human Occupation and designed to gather information on how clients experience their work environment.

    The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the WEIS assessment instrument.

    In total, 95 ratings on the 17-item WEIS were obtained from a sample of clients with experience of sick leave due to different medical conditions. Rasch analysis was used to analyze the data. 

    Overall, the WEIS items together cohered to form a single construct of increasingly challenging work environmental factors. The hierarchical ordering of the items along the continuum followed a logical and expected pattern, and the participants were validly measured by the scale. The three occupational therapists serving as raters validly used the scale, but demonstrated a relatively high rater separation index, indicating differences in rater severity.  

    The findings provide evidence that the Swedish version of the WEIS is a psychometrically sound assessment across diagnoses and occupations, which can provide valuable information about experiences of work environment challenges.

  • 8.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Assessing work ability2009In: Nordic Occupational Therapy Forum, Helsinki, Finland: Vocational assessment, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Psychosocial Factors’ Influence on Work Ability of People Experiencing Sick Leave Resulting From Common Mental Disorders2015In: Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, ISSN 0164-212X, E-ISSN 1541-3101, Vol. 31, no 3, 283-297 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A description of how people with the experience of long-term sick leave resulting from common mental disorders perceive that psychosocial factors influence their work ability. The Worker Role Interview was conducted with 14 informants and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The informants believed in their future work ability. Most had had to adjust their habits and routines to manage their working and private lives in relation to their mental health problems. Occupational therapists need more knowledge about how to strengthen clients' beliefs in their occupational abilities and how to organize their daily activities in a balanced fashion.

  • 10.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Theory based assessment of work ability2009In: Finnish occupational therapists national conference, Suomen Toimintaterapeuttiliitto ry, September, 2009, Helsinki, Finland: TOI , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory based assessment of work ability

     

    In the return to work process, assessments of peoples’ work ability play an important role. Credible and theoretically sound assessment methods for assessing clients’ work ability strengthen the possibilities for making valid interpretations which can guide suitable interventions in the process of returning to work. In this area occupational therapists can offer valuable contribution.

     

    A single assessment instrument generally does not address all the multiple factors involved in a client’s work ability. Therefore, assessors should use several instruments in combination. Four instruments frequently used in vocational rehabilitation are:

    • The Assessment of Work Characteristics (AWC) is an observation instrument that describes the extent to which a client has to use different working skills to perform a work task in an efficient and appropriate way.
    • The Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) assesses a client’s observable (working) skills during work performance, i.e. it assesses how efficient and appropriate the client performs a work activity.
    • The Worker Role Interview (WRI) is an interview instrument that focuses on how psychosocial and environmental factors influence a client’s ability to return to work.
    • The Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS) is an interview instrument that describes how clients experience their work environment.

     

    The instruments AWC, AWP, WEIS and WRI  are all based on The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). MOHO is a theoretical framework that explains the meaning and importance of activities for human beings and offers a conceptual framework for the description of human occupation. Assessment instruments based on theoretical models have the advantage that they create conditions that are conducive to valid interpretations of assessment results and yield intervention strategies.

     

    Ongoing and future research will focus on further psychometric evaluation and studies of how and with what results the above instruments could be combined with each other.

  • 11.
    Fan, Chia-Wei
    et al.
    University of Illinois, IL USA .
    Taylor, Renee R.
    University of Illinois, IL USA .
    Ekbladh, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of a Clinical Vocational Rehabilitation Outcome Measurement: The Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2013In: OTJR (Thorofare, N.J.), ISSN 1539-4492, E-ISSN 1938-2383, Vol. 33, no 3, 125-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the validity and reliability of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) using Rasch analysis. The AWP was administered to 365 clients with a variety of work-related problems. Rasch analysis and principal component analysis were used to examine the appropriateness of the rating scales and unidimensionality of AWP items. The person-response validity, internal consistency, targeting appropriateness, and differential item function were also analyzed. The Rasch analysis confirmed the 4-point rating scale, and the item set met the criteria of unidimensionality. The AWP exhibited satisfactory person-response validity and internal consistency. Among the three subdomains, the targeting of item-difficulty was sufficient in the motor skills and process skills subdomains. Differential item functioning was found across gender and diagnoses. This study presented evidence to support that the AWP functioned as a reliable and valid assessment in assessing work performance.

  • 12. Green, Sharon
    et al.
    Armitt, Gillian
    Beer, Martin
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    van Bruggen, Johanna
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Building a European Internet School: The OTIS Experience of Collaborative Learning2001In: Improving student learning :: improving student learning using learning technology / [ed] Chris Rust, Oxford: Oxford Brookes: OCSLD , 2001, 257-268 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 13. Green, Sharon
    et al.
    Armitt, Gillian
    Beer, Martin
    van Bruggen, Johanna
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    Building a European Internet School: The OTIS Experience of Collaborative Learning2001In: First European Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning,2001, Maastricht: Maastricht McLuhan Institute , 2001, 257-268 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Haglund, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Hur kan vi behålla våra manliga studenter?2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett angreppssätt för att söka komma närmare en lösning på problemen som växte fram i diskussioner mellan lärare och studenter i den Jämställdhetsgrupp som finns vid utbildningen, var att utbildningen måste stödja de manliga studenterna. De manliga studenterna bör under utbildningstiden erbjudas möjlighet att skapa sig en bra och trygg yrkesidentitet som gör att de väljer att stanna kvar i yrket och därmed kan bli förebilder för andra män som söker utbildningen.

    Stimulansmedel för integration av genusperspektiv i grundutbildningen vid Linköpings Universitet har sökts och erhållits vid två tillfällen.  Målsättningen har varit att utveckla kunskap som kunde leda till bearbetning av befintliga attityder och värderingar vid Arbetsterapeututbildningen hos såväl studenter som lärare för att stödja manliga studenter att fullfölja och avsluta sin grundutbildning till arbetsterapeut.

  • 15.
    Karlsson, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Liedberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Initial evaluation of psychometric properties of a structured work task application for the Assessment of Work Performance in a constructed environment2017In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The Swedish Social Insurance Administration has developed a new assessment tool for sickness insurance. This study is a part of the initial evaluation of the application, called the Assessment of Work Performance, Structured Activities, and focuses on evaluation of the psychometric properties of social validity, content validity, and utility.

    Materials and methods: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured telephone interviews with occupational therapists. A convenience sample was used and participants who fulfilled inclusion criteria (n = 15) were interviewed. Data were analyzed using content analysis with a directed approach.

    Results: The results indicate that the application provides valuable information and that it is socially valid. Assessors found work tasks suitable for a diverse group of clients and reported that clients accepted the assessments. Improvements were suggested, for example, expanding the application with more work tasks.

    Conclusion: The instrument has benefits; however, further development is desired. The use of a constructed environment in assessments may be a necessary option to supplement a real environment. But depending on organizational factors such as time and other resources, the participants had different opportunities to do so. Further evaluations regarding ecological validity are essential to ensure that assessments are fair and realistic when using constructed environments.

    • Implications for rehabilitation
    • This study indicates that assessment in a constructed environment can provide a secure and protected context for clients being assessed.

    • Psychometric evaluations are a never-ending process and this assessment instrument needs further development. However, this initial evaluation provides guidance in development of the instrument but also what studies to give priority to.

    • It is important to evaluate social validity in order to ensure that clients and assessors perceive assessment methods fair and meaningful. In this study, participants found the work tasks appropriate and usable when assessing their clients but client’s perspective must also be included in following studies.

    • This assessment instrument is the only activity-based assessment instrument within the Swedish Social Security Insurance. Psychometric evaluations are important since it affects so many individuals in Sweden.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-06-22 10:59
  • 16.
    Karlsson, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Social validity in work related assessments2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION

    Over the last years the Swedish Social Insurance Agency has implemented and evaluated a national assessment tool with the purpose of a secure and equivalent process in assessing work ability within sickness insurance. An application with structured work tasks was created for the observation based instrument the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP). Social validity investigates whether an assessment is acceptable and socially appropriate.

     

    OBJECTIVE

    Investigate social validity, content validity and utility of the application of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP).

     

    METHOD

    This was a qualitative study with semi-structured interviews. A convenience sample was conducted and the occupational therapists who agreed to participate applied the application at their work. Those who had used the application (n=15) was interviewed and data was analysed using content analysis.

     

    RESULTS

    The results indicate that the application provides valuable information since clients accepted assessments and assessors found work tasks suitable for a diverse group of clients. Improvements were suggested, for example expanding the application with more work tasks to choose from.

     

    CONCLUSION

    It appears to exist social validity, content validity and utility for the application. This study investigates social validity, a psychometric property unusual to investigate in vocational rehabilitation. It is important since an assessment with a non-socially valid instrument can be inappropriate and irrelevant for clients. When an assessment is acceptable and relevant for clients, the complexity of assessment results can be reduced. Therefore it is essential that occupational therapists as well as other professionals ensure quality and acceptability when assessing work ability.

  • 17.
    Lindh Falk, Annika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Liedberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Euro-Education: Employability for all (EEE4all) Design and implementation of an international course for future health-care professionals2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, no 4, 433-438 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employment is a priority in the European Union, and it is essential to address the needs of individuals disadvantaged at the labour market on grounds such as ethnicity, age, gender or disability, to increase the opportunities for these groups to gain employment. The Council of the European Union recognize the important role of national organisations in increasing gender equality and the need to integrate a gender perspective in all policies. Gender equality perspectives should also, according to the EU Plan of Action and Gender Equality be integrated in education. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanObjectives: To equip students in higher education with knowledge, about gender, age, disability and ethnicity in relation to employability, a European group initiated a project; Euro-Education: Employability for all (EEE4all). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanApproach: The project, funded by the European Lifelong Learning Programme, was aimed to develop and implement four course modules, each relating to employability with different focus: gender, age, disability or ethnicity. In this paper design, implementation, and evaluation of the course focused on gender, provided by the Occupational Therapy Programme at Linkoping University, is described. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: The students highlighted the importance of awareness and knowledge about gender theory and its application in relation to employability and client-centred approach.

  • 18.
    Perneros, Gerd
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Orthopaedics in Linköping.
    Tropp, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Inflammation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Orthopaedics in Linköping.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Evaluation of occupational performance and pain intensity: before and after back surgery and rehabilitation2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 1, 69-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The study had a descriptive, longitudinal design and evaluated occupational performance and pain intensity in daily occupations for patients with low back pain (LBP), assessed preoperatively, and at six and 12 months after surgery and rehabilitation. Methods: Patients were assessed by surgeons and occupational therapists (OTs) to determine whether surgery was required. The OTs used the Assessment of Pain and Occupational Performance (POP) instrument. The POP measures 36 occupations in two dimensions: occupational performance and pain intensity. Patients with specific LBP (n = 97) were included. Results: Preoperatively, 23 occupations showed lower performance and "severe pain". At six months, 27 occupations were performed "without restriction" (p = n.s. -less than 0.001) and without pain or with "mild pain" (p less than 0.001). A comparison of preoperative values with those at 12 months showed that 35 occupations were significantly changed on both scales, and 31 occupations were performed "without restriction" (p less than 0.01-less than 0.001) and "without pain" (p less than 0.001). Conclusions: The results indicate significant improvements between baseline, six months, and 12 months. Moreover, when occupational performance and pain intensity were separately identified, it was shown that patients had regained their performance at an ordinary level without pain. This underlines the added value of differentiating between disability and pain.

  • 19.
    Regardt, Malin
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Welin Henriksson, Elisabet
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Lundberg, Ingrid E.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Schult, Marie-Louise
    Danderyd Hospital, Sweden.
    Work ability in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis: An explorative and descriptive study2016In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 53, no 2, 265-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are rare, chronic inflammatory diseases leading to muscle weakness and low muscle endurance. The muscle weakness may lead to restrictions in daily activities and low health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the work situation, work ability, work-related risk factors, and influence of the physical and psycho-social work environment in patients with PM and DM. METHODS: Patients with PM/DM were assessed using the Work Ability Index (WAI), and the Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS). RESULTS: Forty-eight patients (PM n = 25 and DM n = 23) participated (women/men: 29/19) with a mean age of 54 years (range 28-67 years, SD. 10) and mean disease duration of nine years (SD. 9). Forty-four percent worked full-time, 31% part-time and 25% were on full-time sick leave. More than 50% self-rated work ability as "poor" or "lessgood". Physically strenuous work components were present "quite to very often" in 23-79% and more in patients on sick leave = 2 years. For those working, the interfering factors in the work environment concerned task and time demands. Supporting factors concerned meaning of work, interactions with co-workers and others. Self-rated work ability correlated moderately-highly positive with percentage of full-time employment, work-related risk factors and opportunities and constraints in the work environment. CONCLUSIONS: Poor self-rated work ability is common in patients with PM/DM indicating a need to identify interfering risk factors and support patients to enhance work performance.

  • 20.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Assessment of Work Performance - Development and Testing of an Instrument2006In: WFOT 2006 Congress,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Assessment of Work Performance - Development of an Instrument2004In: European Conference of Occupational Therapists,2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Development and Evaluation of Validity and Utility of the Instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have shown a great need for vocational rehabilitation due to high levels of absenteeism due to sickness and disability pension. An essential part of the vocational rehabilitation process is assessment of persons with reduced work functioning. Adequate and reliable methods for assessment of clients with work disabilities are crucial for both the individuals who are assessed and for society as a whole. Sound and precise work assessments are needed to guide clients to suitable interventions using a minimum of rehabilitation resources. However, work function assessments are complex and there is confusion over work assessment concepts. Therefore, further development and evaluation of adequate concepts and theoretical models within the area of work assessment is needed. Furthermore, vocational rehabilitation lacks adequate and reliable assessment instruments, especially instruments used to observe clients.

    This dissertation thesis focuses specifically on the following:

    - Development of a conceptual framework for assessment of work functioning [Study I]

    - Development and evaluation of validity and utility of the observation instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) [Study II-IV]

    Study I proposes a conceptual framework for different dimensions of work functioning and highlights important factors for work assessment. The study also creates a framework to define the purpose, delimination, and possible assessment outcomes of the assessment instrument AWP.

    Study II develops an observation instrument for assessment of work performance, the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) and conducts an initial evaluation of face validity and utility for the instrument. The initial evaluation in study II was made within a group of 21 assessors in Sweden, and the result indicated face validity and utility for the AWP, a result that supported further development and evaluation of the instrument.

    Study III investigates the content validity and utility of the AWP. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various vocational rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicated content validity and utility for the AWP.

    Study IV investigates the construct validity of the instrument AWP. This study is based on 364 assessments with the AWP (version 1.1). The clients had various work-related problems and went through an insurance medicine investigation at a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. The major findings in this study indicated that the AWP has construct validity, sensitivity, and the ability to discriminate between clients. It is also gender neutral.

    The future evaluation of AWP will comprise testing of predictive validity, inter-rater reliability and internal consistency reliability as well as an evaluation of how and with what results the instrument can be combined with other work-related assessment instruments.

    List of papers
    1. Work functioning - a conceptual framework
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work functioning - a conceptual framework
    2004 (English)In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 23, no 2, 147-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Adequate and reliable methods for evaluation of clients with work disabilities are crucial for both the individuals who are assessed and for society as a whole. Sound and precise work assessments are needed to guide clients to suitable interventions using a minimum of rehabilitation resources [31,46,51,68]. Occupational therapy literature contains evidence that work function assessments are complex and that there is confusion over work assessment concepts [30,31]. Therefore, further development and evaluation of adequate concepts and theoretical models within the area of work assessment is needed [68,74]. This article proposes a conceptual framework for different dimensions of work functioning and points out important factors for work assessment. The concepts proposed and defined in the article are: work functioning, work participation, work performance, and individual capacity.

    Keyword
    occupational therapy, ability, performance, capacity, assessment
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12892 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-06-03
    2. Assessment of Work Performance - Development of an Instrument
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of Work Performance - Development of an Instrument
    2006 (English)In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 26, no 4, 379-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Adequate work assessments are a matter of importance both for individuals and society [5,29,31,38,40,46,52]. However, there is a lack of adequate and reliable instruments for use in work rehabilitation [14,15,20,21,31,44]. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an observation instrument for assessing work performance, the AWP (Assessment of Work Performance). The purpose of the 14-item instrument is to assess the individual's observable working skills in three different areas: motor skills, process skills, and communication and interaction skills. This article describes the development and results of preliminary testing of the AWP. The testing indicates a satisfactory face validity and utility for the AWP and supports further research and testing of the instrument.

    Keyword
    Occupational therapy, measurement, instrument development, skills, MOHO
    National Category
    Occupational Therapy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12893 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-06-03
    3. Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
    2008 (English)In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 30, no 4, 441-450 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the area of work rehabilitation, many decisions about future interventions for the client are based on the results of various kinds of assessments. Therefore, it is important that the assessment instruments used are adequate, useful, and reliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the content validity and utility of the instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) which is used to assess an individual's observable (working) skills during work performance, i.e. how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work activity. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various work rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicates content validity and utility for the AWP that supports further testing of the instrument.

    Keyword
    Occupational therapy, measurement, instrument development, skills, MOHO
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12894 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-05-14
    4. Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
    Show others...
    2009 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 2, 211-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP 1.1) can be used to assess an individuals skills during work performance-how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work task. The instrument is currently used by over 300 assessors working in a variety of work rehabilitation settings in Sweden, and it has been used with over 10,000 clients. In this study, the construct validity of the AWP 1.1 was tested with 364 assessments of clients with a variety of various work-related problems assessed by six occupational therapists in a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. Principal Component Analysis shows construct validity of the AWP 1.1. Further, the findings indicate that the instrument is sensitive and discriminates between clients, and no gender related patterns were identified.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    IOS Press, 2009
    Keyword
    Instrument development, Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), occupational therapy, vocational rehabilitation
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17879 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2009-0807 (DOI)000264925800012 ()
    Available from: 2009-04-25 Created: 2009-04-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
  • 23.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Manual för AWC version 1.12008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Manual för AWC-12006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 25.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Manual för AWP version 2.02008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Manual för BaFiA version 1.12001Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre.
    Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 2, 211-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP 1.1) can be used to assess an individuals skills during work performance-how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work task. The instrument is currently used by over 300 assessors working in a variety of work rehabilitation settings in Sweden, and it has been used with over 10,000 clients. In this study, the construct validity of the AWP 1.1 was tested with 364 assessments of clients with a variety of various work-related problems assessed by six occupational therapists in a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. Principal Component Analysis shows construct validity of the AWP 1.1. Further, the findings indicate that the instrument is sensitive and discriminates between clients, and no gender related patterns were identified.

  • 28.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Applying the Model of Human Occupation to Vocational Rehabilitation2017In: Kielhofner's Model of Human Occupation, Fifth Edition: THEORY AND APPLICATION / [ed] Renee Taylor, Wolters Kluwer, 2017, 5, 377-396 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Ekbladh, Elin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Bedömning av arbetsförmåga utifrån arbetsterapeutisk teorigrund2008Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    How can we keep our male students?2002In: WFOT 2002 Congress,2002, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 31.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Work functioning - a conceptual framework2004In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 23, no 2, 147-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adequate and reliable methods for evaluation of clients with work disabilities are crucial for both the individuals who are assessed and for society as a whole. Sound and precise work assessments are needed to guide clients to suitable interventions using a minimum of rehabilitation resources [31,46,51,68]. Occupational therapy literature contains evidence that work function assessments are complex and that there is confusion over work assessment concepts [30,31]. Therefore, further development and evaluation of adequate concepts and theoretical models within the area of work assessment is needed [68,74]. This article proposes a conceptual framework for different dimensions of work functioning and points out important factors for work assessment. The concepts proposed and defined in the article are: work functioning, work participation, work performance, and individual capacity.

  • 32.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2008In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 30, no 4, 441-450 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the area of work rehabilitation, many decisions about future interventions for the client are based on the results of various kinds of assessments. Therefore, it is important that the assessment instruments used are adequate, useful, and reliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the content validity and utility of the instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) which is used to assess an individual's observable (working) skills during work performance, i.e. how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work activity. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various work rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicates content validity and utility for the AWP that supports further testing of the instrument.

  • 33.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Törnquist, Kristina
    Örebro Universitet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Assessment of Work Performance - Development of an Instrument2006In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 26, no 4, 379-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adequate work assessments are a matter of importance both for individuals and society [5,29,31,38,40,46,52]. However, there is a lack of adequate and reliable instruments for use in work rehabilitation [14,15,20,21,31,44]. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an observation instrument for assessing work performance, the AWP (Assessment of Work Performance). The purpose of the 14-item instrument is to assess the individual's observable working skills in three different areas: motor skills, process skills, and communication and interaction skills. This article describes the development and results of preliminary testing of the AWP. The testing indicates a satisfactory face validity and utility for the AWP and supports further research and testing of the instrument.

1 - 33 of 33
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