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  • 1. Andréasson, S
    et al.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Henny M
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Medical laboratory technologists' perception of professional self. A study of Swedish MLTs employed in clinical chemistry1992In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 67-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subjective perception of professional self was studied for a sample of Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLTs) employed in Clinical Chemistry in Sweden. The sample (N = 488) consisted of a randomized tenth of members of their trade union. A mailed questionnaire with 21 items concerning self-description compared with peers in a seven-point Likert type scale was completed by 332 (68%). There was no significant overall difference concerning the four principal types of workplace: Clinical Chemistry, Blood Serology, Primary Care and Clinical Chemistry/Blood Serology. The main difference was found between those in managerial posts (N = 72) and the other MLTs (N = 260). Factor analysis showed three principal components, labelled Professionalism, Work Ethic, and Empathy, but also a different composition of variables of the components for the manager group compared with the non-manager group.

  • 2.
    Foldemo, Annica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Bogren, Lennart
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Quality of life and burden in parents of outpatients with schizophrenia2005In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Since the late 1950s, several studies have reported the burden faced by families living with a mentally ill relative. These studies have pointed out the importance of a progressive mental health service, focusing not only on the treatment of the patients, but also on the needs of the relatives. The aims of the present study were to compare the quality of life of parents of outpatients with schizophrenia with a randomly selected reference group and the relation between quality of life and burden on the parents.

    Subjects

    The sample comprised all parents (n=38) of outpatients with schizophrenia at an outpatient clinic in 2001, where the patients had contact at least once a week with both parents and staff. The parents were compared with a reference group (n=698).

    Methods

    The self-rating scale Quality of Life Index (QLI) was used to assess quality of life in both groups. In the case of the parents, semistructured interviews were supplemented by the data collection to assess the degree of burden with the Burden Assessment Scale (BAS). The outpatients were also interviewed to assess their global function with the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF) and the Clinical Global Impression scale (CGI).

    Results

    The parents were significantly less satisfied with their overall quality of life (p<0.05). There was a correlation between lower overall quality of life and higher perceived burden r=0.58 (p<0.01). There was also a correlation between lower values on the family subscale and social subscale within the QLI and higher subjective burden r=0.54 (p<0.01) and r=0.52 (p<0.01), respectively.

    Conclusion

    These results indicate that caregiving has an influence on the family situation and on the quality of life of parents. These findings suggest that the professions working with the parents must have an approach focusing not only on the care given to the ill daughter or son, but also on the parents’ situation.

  • 3.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Health care professionals' self description1996Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present thesis was to survey and analyse professional self of health care professionals, focusing on perceptions of self, and on their attitudes towards aspects of sense of responsibility.

    Studies were accomplished with quantitative techniques using questionnaires and/or instruments. A total of 803 respondents was included, and the first study (I) presented the development of the PSDF and comprised 30 registered nurses. The next study (II) examined results from 332 medical laboratory technologists who answered the PSDF. In the third study (III) 68 occupational therapists responded to the PSDF. The fourth study (IV) was a six-year follow-up of 43 registered nurses from the beginning of their training to three years after graduation, and they responded to the PSDF, the SRF and to the Form for ranked sources of encouragement. The fifth study (V) comprised four professional groups from a university hospital in Sweden (physicians, physiotherapists, registered nurses and enrolled nurses), and 312 responded to the set of forms (the PSDF, the SRF, and the Form for ranked sources of encouragement).

    The main theoretical approach was based on symbolic interactionism, where the self is a significant notion. Concepts on attitude, sense of responsibility and encouragement were important.

    The results showed that there are components of self description that is 'specific to one professional group, but also components that uncover similarities. Three important components of professional self were outlined; professional conduct, work ability and empathy. Important issues were also encouragement for work done, which influences the professional self, and that the positive attitudes to sense of responsibility showed similarities with characteristics of professional self.

    In conclusion, two propositions were addressed: that professionals' self description is composed of three meaningful dimensions; professional conduct, work ability and empathy, and that the professional self can be improved throughdevelopment of intrinsic attitudes and behaviours.

  • 4.
    Gullberg, Mats T.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hollman-Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Reference values for the Quality of Life Index in the general  Swedish population 18-80 years of age2010In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 751-760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim in the present study was to establish underlying dimensions of quality of life in Sweden, measured by QLI, and to obtain reference values among a representative sample between 18 and 80 years of age from the general Swedish population. METHOD: A total of 1,680 randomly selected persons completed the questionnaire (57% response rate). All data were coded and entered into the statistical software. Factor analysis, maximum-likelihood method with oblique rotation, was employed to explore and reveal underlying dimensions of the QLI. To describe QLI total and subscale reference values for different age groups and men and women, respectively, means and 95% CI as well as medians and quartiles were used. For comparisons related to demographic and background variables, parametric and non-parametric analyses were used (alpha=0.01). All data were analysed using SPSS 14.0 statistical software. RESULTS: Four underlying dimensions emerged: Family and friends, Health and functioning, Social and economic and Psychological/spiritual. Mean values for the total QLI and the four subscales ranged between 17.2 and 23.7 (possible range=0.0-30.0). CONCLUSIONS: The overall QLI and subscale scores correspond with those presented by other researchers. Population-based measures of generic quality of life and underlying dimensions are important considering the gain when results from specific patient groups are viewed.

  • 5.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, H M
    Alenfelt, G
    Ivarsson, A B
    Nilsson, M
    Ability to solve problems, professionalism, management, empathy, and working capacity in occupational therapy--the professional self description form1994In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 173-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of occupational therapists in Sweden previously worked on large occupational therapy wards. Health care policy has changed over the years and the system has been reorganized accordingly. The employment situation for occupational therapists has also changed. This paper focuses on the perception of professional self among occupational therapists. The objective was to explore the professional self and to suggest components important to the occupational therapist profession. The Professional Self Description Form (PSDF) was used for the exploration of self. The 19 items in the PSDF cover areas relevant to professional functioning and activity. Sixty-eight employed occupational therapists participated. The results of the PSDF were subjected to factor analysis and five factors were obtained; Ability to solve problems, Professionalism, Management, Empathy, and Working capacity. We believe that these five factors can function as improving domains of the role of the professional occupational therapist in Sweden.

  • 6.
    Götherström, Christine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Development of a tool for measuring the concept of good care among patients and staff in relation to Swedish legislation1995In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 277-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An instrument for measuring the concept of good care, in relation to the Swedish Health and Medical Services Act, has been developed and tested in short-term care. The instrument comprises 14 statements on good care. The construct validity was estimated by factor analysis based on the results from 240 patients. Five factors explained 62% of the variance of the 14 variables and covered the following areas: information, security, accessibility, continuity, and influence and respect. Patients (n = 240) and registered nurses (n = 57) showed differences in estimations of the concept of good care on all factors. There were only minor differences, however, within the patient group and the nursing group, respectively, on comparing the two samples. The instrument needs further testing in different care conditions.

  • 7.
    Hollman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Centre for Metabolism Endocrinology, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olsson, Anders G.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Quality of life in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia2002In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 251, no 4, p. 331-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives.  The primary aim of this study was to analyse quality of life in adult patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a genetic disorder with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Secondary aims were to find explanatory factors for quality of life and anxiety.

    Design. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used.

    Setting.  Outpatients from lipid clinics at two university hospitals in Sweden were included. Patients with heterozygous FH and a randomly selected control group participated by filling out questionnaires.

    Subjects.  Two hundred and eighty patients with heterozygous FH above 18 years of age were asked, and 212 of whom 185 were free of overt CHD, participated. Of a control group of 2980 persons 1485 were included for comparison.

    Methods. We used Likert-type questionnaires: the Quality of Life Index (QLI) consisting of four subscales, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), the Mastery Scale measuring coping and a questionnaire on health and lipids constructed for FH patients.

    Results.  Patients with FH were significantly more satisfied with overall quality of life 21.8 ± 0.3 (SEM) vs. controls 21.1 ± 0.1 and this was also the case in three of four subscales, all differences P < 0.05. Anxiety about getting CHD was expressed amongst 86% of the patients with FH.

    Conclusions. Quality of life amongst patients with FH was at least as good as in controls but they were worried about getting CHD.

  • 8.
    Liedberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Wood, Patrick
    Dept of family Medicine LSU Health sciences Centre, Shreveport, LA, USA.
    Fibromyalgia Symptom Inventory - Validation of a novel clinical instrument2007In: The Seventh World Congress on Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia,2007, Binghamton, NY, USA: The Haworth Medical Press , 2007, p. 61-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

         

  • 9.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Fundamental and situational components in a strategy for attaining a positive patient experience of the pelvic examination: a conceptual approach1991In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 415-429Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1983, researchers in medicine, behavior, and health care have been involved in collaborative work concerning attitudes toward the pelvic examination (PE). Important components of the analysis are social actions and conduct, which are conceptualized from role theory. The outcome of the PE is determined by both fundamental and situational components. The purpose is to discover optimal environmental conditions under which the PE should be performed. The medical profession has a long history, primarily established within hospitals. Professional performance has been directed toward diagnosis and cure; consequently, a particularistic view dominates. Throughout history the midwifery profession has had the primary task of supporting the woman in confinement. The dominant view of the midwifery profession is universalistic. The strategy we present is an approach for conceptualizing the bases determining the PE situation. It is a distinct step toward finding gynecological practices that may create positive patient experience of the PE.

  • 10.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education and definition of the professional nurse role. Expectations and knowledge of the nurse role1991In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 30-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of nursing education is a development of the nursing profession. One way to promote development is to clarify the professional role. The role definition for nursing is mostly transmitted through tacit knowledge. We consider that the professional development of the nursing profession in Sweden requires a clear and well-defined nurse role. Stated goals of professional programmes for nursing do not include the entire body of tacit knowledge. The overall development requires recognition of a professional status together with a clear and well-defined role. We have found a significant change in the distribution of role-conceptions which occurred after the nurses had experienced their first year as registered nurses, and which did not occur during the educational process. This indicates that the conceptions of the need for a more clearly defined nursing role are assimilated during work experience. This confirms the necessity and importance of role modelling, role repetition and interactions with a professional group as part of the educational process.

  • 11.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education and importance of professional status in the nurse role. Expectations and knowledge of the nurse role1988In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 287-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of the nursing profession is an essential goal of nursing education. One way to reach the goal is by clarifying professional status, a status which for the most part is transferred through tacit knowledge. The goals of any nursing education do not include the entire body of tacit knowledge. The development requires recognition of professional status. Over time, significant changes in distribution of nurses' conceptions about professional status are described. The authors contend that conceptions of the importance of professional status are assimilated during work experience. The necessity and importance of role modelling, role repetition and interactions with a professional group are supported by findings from the literature and the authors' current research.

  • 12.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education and professional role acquisition. A longitudinal study of expectations and attitudes towards nurse role acquisition.1987In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 270-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with professional role acquisition in nurses and discusses results from three studies concerning expectations and attitudes towards this acquisition. The studies have been carried out in Sweden. The discussion comprises expressed expectations and attitudes of nurse students and registered nurses in relation to our theoretical perspectives presented in a former article. The theoretical perspectives concentrate on three aspects of social action: change-drama, interchange-ritual, and maintenance-routine. The results indicate that the professional nurse role is acquired according to a traditional pattern, in spite of changes in curriculum and goals of nursing education and health care. Changes made to develop and improve the conditions under which role acquisitions take place.

  • 13.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education and professional role acquisition--theoretical perspectives1987In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 171-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with professional role acquisition in nurses. All nursing education take place in specific social settings. Each social setting is one element of a complex system of process factors. The student nurse's own role-enaction is constantly subject to modification or adaptation. Role-enaction as well as all social interaction can be grouped into three types: change-drama, interchange-ritual and maintenance-routine. Student nurses must learn what is significant for the role of the professional nurse. How is this accomplished and how do they learn the nurses's role in a specific situation?

  • 14.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education and valuation of theoretical and practical sections of the education. Expectations and knowledge of the nurse role1987In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 7, no 13, p. 412-416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing education as an instrument towards role change. Expectations and knowledge of the nurse role1987In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 1, no 3-4, p. 141-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 16.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Role of the woman patient and fear of the pelvic examination1987In: Western Journal of Nursing Research, ISSN 0193-9459, E-ISSN 1552-8456, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 357-367Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 17.
    Olsson, Henny M
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The use of the nurse self description form in Sweden: translation and applicability1987In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 69-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 18.
    Salomonsson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Alehagen, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wijma, Klaas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Self-efficacy beliefs and fear of childbirth in nulliparous women2013In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 116-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore how childbirth self-efficacy, i.e. outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy, was associated with fear of childbirth (FOC) and how efficacy expectancy and FOC, respectively were related to socio-demographic characteristics, mental problems and preference for a caesarean section.

    Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a consecutive sample of 1000 pregnant nulliparous women was sent the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire and Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory. Statistical analyses were performed on data from 423 women.

    Results: Outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy correlated significantly and positively, FOC correlated significantly and negatively with both outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy. Women with severe FOC (20.8%) had a significantly lower level of education (p = 0.001), and had more often sought help because of mental problems (p = 0.004). They were more likely to have low-efficacy expectancy (p < 0.001) and to prefer a caesarean section instead of a vaginal birth (p < 0.001).

    Conclusions: Lower efficacy expectancy was associated with higher FOC while preference for a caesarean section was not. Improvement of self-efficacy could be a part of care for women with FOC during pregnancy; however, it would not be enough for fearful women who wish to have a caesarean section.

  • 19.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre.
    Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 211-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP 1.1) can be used to assess an individuals skills during work performance-how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work task. The instrument is currently used by over 300 assessors working in a variety of work rehabilitation settings in Sweden, and it has been used with over 10,000 clients. In this study, the construct validity of the AWP 1.1 was tested with 364 assessments of clients with a variety of various work-related problems assessed by six occupational therapists in a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. Principal Component Analysis shows construct validity of the AWP 1.1. Further, the findings indicate that the instrument is sensitive and discriminates between clients, and no gender related patterns were identified.

  • 20.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Henriksson, Chris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2008In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 441-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the area of work rehabilitation, many decisions about future interventions for the client are based on the results of various kinds of assessments. Therefore, it is important that the assessment instruments used are adequate, useful, and reliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the content validity and utility of the instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) which is used to assess an individual's observable (working) skills during work performance, i.e. how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work activity. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various work rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicates content validity and utility for the AWP that supports further testing of the instrument.

  • 21.
    Wijma, Barbro
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Kjessler, Berndt
    Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Attitudes towards pelvic examination in a random sample of Swedish women1998In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 422-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: A pelvic examination is the most common procedure in gynecological practice. A majority of women have negative experiences of such examinations. The aim of the present study was to explore attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations, as well as possible background factors to such attitudes and experiences. METHODS: A postal inquiry was sent to 788 randomly selected Swedish women, of fertile age. Sixty-seven per cent answered the questionnaire, which had 56 items and covered, inter alia, attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations, as well as possible background factors. RESULTS: The women had positive, uniform attitudes to pelvic examinations in general, but negative experiences of the specific parts of the procedure. Women's attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations correlated. The experience of the first pelvic examination was more negative than the experience of the last. A negative experience in general and the experience of pain during the first pelvic examination correlated. The first pelvic examination emerged as a statistically powerful background factor for subsequent attitudes to pelvic examinations. CONCLUSIONS: Swedish women have positive attitudes to pelvic examination in spite of negative previous experiences. A powerful background factor for subsequent attitudes to pelvic examination was the experience of the first one. A woman's first pelvic examination should therefore be used as an opportunity to condition positive emotions and behaviors to the examination situation, as a basis for future positive experiences.

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