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  • 1.
    Bruno de Sousa, Andréa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Philosophy and Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. NOVA University Lisbon, Portugal.
    Goes, Ana Rita
    NOVA University Lisbon, Portugal.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Readiness parenting: practices of care by parents of children with chronic kidney disease in Portugal2022In: Families, Relationships and Societies, ISSN 2046-7435, E-ISSN 2046-7443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents of a child with chronic kidney disease (CKD) must safely perform advanced care and treatment while at the same time allowing the child some freedom and maintaining everyday parenting and family tasks. Drawing on interviews with primary caregivers of children with CKD in Portugal, we examine the context of raising a child with CKD and how the parents practise their parenthood. The study takes inspiration from parenting studies and child studies and explores how good parenthood is constructed. Based on thematic analysis, three core themes emerged: protecting the child, involving the child in their treatment, and transferring responsibility. The transformation of life-limiting circumstances into a life that worked well for both parents and their child represents what we call ‘readiness parenting’. Assessing risks, supporting the child’s autonomy, and relating to social norms required constant vigilance and readjustments as well as negotiations about parental responsibility.

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  • 2.
    Bruno de Sousa, Andréa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Philosophy and Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Material and relational challenges of home-based renal care: a parental perspective on child chronic kidney disease2022In: International Journal of Care and Caring, ISSN 2397-8821, E-ISSN 2397-883X , Vol. 6, no 4, p. 547-563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Caring for a child with chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires parents to reorganise mundane routines and develop advanced technical skills. Parents’ strategies used to meet these challenges need greater understanding. This article takes inspiration from phenomenology of practice and material culture studies to analyse interviews with parents in Portugal. It shows that, although home-based care leads to worsened social inequities, parents use the available financial and human resources to manage the situation and create normality. While they experience becoming confined and close relationships are strained, the mundane practices and social relations of care bring hope and meaning to the family.  

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  • 3.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Looping effects’ related to young people’s mental health: How young people transform the meaning of psychiatric concepts2020In: Global Studies of Childhood, E-ISSN 2043-6106, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 26-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades, reports from official authorities and the media have suggested that there is a ‘crisis’ in young people’s mental health. However, there is considerable uncertainty regarding how to interpret the data referred to in these alarming reports. The present article draws on ‘the minority voices’ of young people and theories developed by Ian Hacking to undertake a critical analysis of the conceptualisation of young people’s mental health. According to Hacking, systems of classifications formulate general truths about people and frame the suffering of individuals in specific ways. Classification changes people. However, young people are social actors who interact with classifications of their mental health and by doing so they could cause classifications to be redrawn. Hacking refers to these feedback effects as ‘looping effects’. Based on 51 interviews with 15-year-olds, this article explores how young people interact with psychiatric labels associated with their wellbeing such as anxiety and depression. We demonstrate how the participants gave new meaning to these psychiatric labels, devalued and gave nuance to them, and by doing so transformed them into cultural categories rather than diagnostic categories. We discuss the potential looping effects related to young people’s mental health and how the present findings can inform policy practice.

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  • 4.
    Kvist, Therese
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Miglis, Isabelle
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Dahllof, Goran
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    The dilemma of reporting suspicions of child maltreatment in pediatric dentistry2014In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 122, no 5, p. 332-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the factors that lead specialists in pediatric dentistry to suspect child abuse or neglect and the considerations that influence the decision to report these suspicions to social services. Focus group discussions were used to identify new aspects of child maltreatment suspicion and reporting. Such discussions illuminate the diversity of informants experiences, opinions, and reflections. Focus groups included 19 specialists and postgraduate students in pediatric dentistry. We conducted video-recorded focus group discussions at the informants dental clinics. All sessions lasted approximately 1.5h. We transcribed the discussions verbatim and studied the transcripts using thematic analysis, a method well-suited to evaluating the experiences discussed and how the informants understand them. The analysis process elicited key concepts and identified one main theme, which we labeled the dilemma of reporting child maltreatment. We found this dilemma to pervade a variety of situations and divided it into three sub-themes: to support or report; differentiating concern for well-being from maltreatment; and the supportive or unhelpful consultation. Reporting a suspicion about child maltreatment seems to be a clinical and ethical dilemma arising from concerns of having contradicting professional roles, difficulties confirming suspicions of maltreatment, and perceived shortcomings in the child-protection system.

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  • 5.
    Lind, Judith
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Representations of mental health and mental health problems in content published by female social media influencers2023In: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 217-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When social media influencers (SMIs) describe their experiences of mental health problems, theycontribute to the circulation of representations of mental health. The aim of this article is to analysethe ways of talking about mental health problems that are made accessible to a wider audiencethrough the YouTube videos published by four Swedish female SMIs. Our analysis shows thatmuch content related to mental health contains traces of, and contributes to discourses informedby, positive psychology. Mostly, mental health problems are represented as manageable, if only theindividual assumes responsibility for her mental wellbeing, but a few videos also contain displays ofnegativity and resignation. In addition to avoiding association with the unattractiveness associatedwith negativity, the four SMIs navigate expectations placed on them to encourage confidence andself-love while at the same time expressing modesty. The result is representations of mentalhealth that are multi-layered and complex.

  • 6.
    Lind, Judith
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Representations of mental health and mental health problems in content published by female social media influencers2024In: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 217-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When social media influencers (SMIs) describe their experiences of mental health problems, they contribute to the circulation of representations of mental health. The aim of this article is to analyse the ways of talking about mental health problems that are made accessible to a wider audience through the YouTube videos published by four Swedish female SMIs. Our analysis shows that much content related to mental health contains traces of, and contributes to discourses informed by, positive psychology. Mostly, mental health problems are represented as manageable, if only the individual assumes responsibility for her mental wellbeing, but a few videos also contain displays of negativity and resignation. In addition to avoiding association with the unattractiveness associated with negativity, the four SMIs navigate expectations placed on them to encourage confidence and self-love while at the same time expressing modesty. The result is representations of mental health that are multi-layered and complex.

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  • 7.
    Pousette Lundgren, Gunilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Centre Pediat Oral Health Research, Sweden; Public Dent Health Serv, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hasselblad, Tove
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Centre Pediat Oral Health Research, Sweden.
    Dahllöf, Göran
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Centre Pediat Oral Health Research, Sweden.
    Amelogenesis Imperfecta and Early Restorative Crown Therapy: An Interview Study with Adolescents and Young Adults on Their Experiences2016In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 6, p. e0156879-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) can present with rapid tooth loss or fractures of enamel as well as alterations in enamel thickness, color, and shape; factors that may compromise aesthetic appearance and masticatory function. The aim was to explore the experiences and perceptions of adolescents and young adults living with AI and receiving early prosthetic therapy. Seven patients with severe AI aged 16 to 23 years who underwent porcelain crown therapy participated in one-to-one individual interviews. The interviews followed a topic guide consisting of open-ended questions related to experiences of having AI. Transcripts from the interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. The analysis process identified three main themes: Disturbances in daily life, Managing disturbances, and Normalization of daily life. These themes explain the experiences of patients living with enamel disturbances caused by AI and receiving early crown therapy. Experiences include severe pain and sensitivity problems, feelings of embarrassment, and dealing with dental staff that lack knowledge and understanding of their condition. The patients described ways to manage their disturbances and to reduce pain when eating or drinking, and strategies for meeting other people. After definitive treatment with porcelain crown therapy, they described feeling like a normal patient. In conclusion the results showed that adolescents and young adults describe a profound effect of AI on several aspects of their daily life.

  • 8.
    Reichenpfader, Ursula
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Carlfjord, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Embedding hospital-based medication review: The conflictual and developmental potential of a practice2019In: Journal of Health Organization & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 339-352Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the embedding of hospital-based medication review attending to the conflictual and developmental nature of practice. Specifically, this paper examines manifestations of contradictions and how they play out in professional practices and local embedding processes.

    Design/methodology/approach: Using ethnographic methods, this paper employs the activity-theoretic notion of contradictions for analyzing the embedding of medication review. Data from participant observation (in total 290?h over 48 different workdays) and 31 semi-structured interviews with different healthcare professionals in two Swedish hospital-based settings (emergency department, department of surgery) are utilized.

    Findings: The conflictual and developmental potential related to three interrelated characteristics (contested, fragmented and distributed) of the activity object is shown. The contested nature is illustrated showing different conceptualizations, interests and positions both within and across different professional groups. The fragmented character of medication review is shown by tensions related to the appraisal of the utility of the newly introduced practice. Finally, the distributed character is exemplified through tensions between individual and collective responsibility when engaging in multi-site work. Overall, the need for ongoing ᅵrepairᅵ work is demonstrated.

    Originality/value: By using a practice-theoretical approach and ethnographic methods, this paper presents a novel perspective for studying local embedding processes. Following the day-to-day work of frontline clinicians captures the ongoing processes of embedding medication review and highlights the opportunities to learn from contradictions inherent in routine work practices.

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  • 9.
    Reichenpfader, Ursula
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Carlfjord, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    'In the hospital all is taken care of': A practice-theoretical approach to understand patients' medication use2020In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 50-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from case examples of medication review implementation in three hospital settings in Sweden, this article examines patients’ medication use. Based on a practice theory approach and utilising data from interviews with patients and participant observation, we reconstruct three practices of everyday medication use centring on accepting, challenging or appropriating medication orders. This article argues that patients’ medication practices are embedded in wider practice arrangements that afford different modes of agency. Reconceptualising patients’ medication use from a practice‐based perspective revealed the meaning‐making, order‐producing and identity‐forming features of these practices. Also, we illustrated how different modes of agency were achieved in patients’ medication practices, suggesting a fluidity of both the meanings attached to and the identities related to medication use. Our findings have practical implications as these practices of medication use can be transformed when altering the arrangements they are embedded in, thus going beyond the clinical encounter.

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  • 10.
    Reichenpfader, Ursula
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Carlfjord, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Our surgeons want this to be short and simple: practices of in-hospital medication review as coordinated sociomaterial actions2018In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 323-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medication review, a systematic assessment of a patients medicines by a health care professional, is intended to prevent medication-related harms. A critical element of medication review concerns whether medication review is conducted in a coordinated way. This article draws from a case example of implementing medication review in two surgical wards of a Swedish regional hospital and aims to analyse how medication review is being accomplished with respect to the coordination of its actions. Using a practice-based ethnographic approach, we present several coordination mechanisms by illustrating how practices are connected to materials involved in medication review. Also, we show how common orientations, ends, and understandings expressed in different medication review practices contribute to the coordination of the practices. In conclusion, this article highlights the complexity of establishing and sustaining medication review as a coordinated practice in routine health care. By closely examining sociomaterial connections, this article sheds new light on the neglected issue of artefacts and arrangements in constituting and transforming a highly complex medication practice.

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  • 11.
    Reichenpfader, Ursula
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Carlfjord, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Medi(c)ation work in the emergency department: Making standardized practice work2018In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 8, no 2, article id e2298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medication review, the systematic examination of an individual patient’s medicines in order to improve medication therapy, has been advocated as an important patient safety measure. Despite widespread use, little is known about how medication review is conducted when implemented in routine health care. Drawing from an ethnographic case study in a Swedish emergency department and using a practice-based approach, we examine how medication review is practically accomplished and how knowledge is mobilized in everyday practice. We show how physicians construct and negotiate medication safety through situated practices and thereby generate knowledge through mundane activities. We illustrate the centrality of practitioners’ collective reflexive work when co-constructing meaning and argue here that practitioners’ local adaptations can serve as important prerequisites to make “standardized” practice function in everyday work. Organizations need to build a practical capacity to support practitioners’ work-based learning in messy and time-pressured  health care  settings.

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  • 12.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Depressionsförebyggande kurser krockar med skolans pedagogiska vardag2012In: Venue - tanke- och kunskapsutbyte av erfarenheter och forskning om förskola och skola, ISSN 2001-788X, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Elevers erfarenheter av manualbaserade metoder2015In: Sociala relationer, värdegrund och lärarprofessionalitet / [ed] Åsa Bartholdsson, Eva Hultin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, p. 55-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From individual to relational strategies: Transforming a manual-based psycho-educational course at school2013In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 215-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on 13-year-old girls’ meaning-making processes during participation in a manual-based psycho-educational course at school. Drawing on childhood studies and ethnographic investigations of subjectivity, I explore how the course is realized in practice. The analysis, based on video-recordings of thirteen classes, shows that the girls and the teachers, through collective transformation, moves the focus from individual potential problems to relational issues. The result demonstrates the weakness of using manual-based educational courses, and indicates that cognitive methods for dealing with negative thoughts could be replaced by exercises designed to deal with interaction and strengthening the individual.

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  • 15.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glappet i berättelsen om ungas psykiska hälsa: Symtom som screeningverktyg2022In: Screeningens mångsidighet: Dess möjligheter och utmaningar / [ed] Wickström, Anette; Morberg Jämterud, Sofia; Zeiler, Kristin, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 27-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 16.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "I hope I get movie-star teeth": Doing the exceptional normal in orthodontic practice for young people2016In: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, ISSN 0745-5194, E-ISSN 1548-1387, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 285-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthodontics offer young peole the chance to improve their bite and adjust their appearances. The most common reasons for orthodontic treatment concern general dentists', parents' or children's dissatisfaction with the esthetics of the bite. My aim is to analyze how esthetic norms are 'done' during three activities preceding possible treatment with fixed appliances. The evaluation indexes signal definitiveness and are the essential grounds for decision-making. In parallel, practitioners and patients refer to self-perceived satisfaction with appearances. Visualizations of divergences and the improved future bite become part of an interactive process that upholds what I conceptualize as 'the exceptional normal'. Insights into thie process contribute to a better understanding of how medical practices intended to measure and safeguard children's and young people's health at the same time mobilize patient to look and feel better. The article is based on an ethnographic study at two orthodontic clinics.

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  • 17. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kärlek i virusets tid: att hantera relationer och hälsa i Zululand2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate how people think about and manage love, sexuality and health in their daily lives in northeastern rural KwaZulu Natal. The goal is to understand what love means to them, as well as how bigger social processes influence experiences of love, health and relationships.

    The thesis is based on six months of ethnographic field studies concentrated around eight families. Data were gathered through participant observations and open-ended interviews. Ten traditional healers were also interviewed. Data comprises 60 tape-recorded interviews and about 340 pages of fieldnotes.

    The analysis shows that people speak about love in terms of respectful actions and a social order rather than in terms of love as an emotion. Certainly love is about feelings, but the view that respectful actions are the primary signs of love reflects the way in which people see themselves as deeply dependent on one another. The individual is woven into a web of relationships where even the ancestors are an integral part. Thus love between two individuals is intimately connected to the family and to wider social relations in a way that creates a sense of belonging but also vulnerability. Love medicines made from herbs offer one way to strengthen a relationship or win somebody’s love. However, stories about love medicines reveal what trials people face, what they see as amoral actions, and in addition provide explanations and comfort as well as point out that structural circumstances under which people live need to be changed.

    Colonisation, apartheid policies, and more recently democratization have all led to radical changes for love and family relations. Men and increasingly women have been drawn into migrant labor, dividing families between rural and urban areas and creating new types of support networks. These changes have obstructed individuals’ ability to show love through actions and also led to individuals expecting new types of actions as proof of love.

    The most serious threats to love, however, are unemployment and sickness. In the absence of effective measures against aids people refer to a more distinct moral order to find alternative ways to protect young people. To emphasize both the individual’s and the community’s responsibility for sexual relations, and to strengthen girls’ position, Zulu have created virginity testing as a preventive ritual more than a diagnostic measure. An old tradition that emphasizes the status of virgin girls and the significance of the collective is used in a modern strategy to try to combat the spread of aids and to make love possible.

    The study emphasizes how both South African and Western projects that aim to improve the situation for the Zulus are grounded in perspectives and ideas that are unfamiliar to them, and sometimes collide with how they perceive love, relationships and sexuality. The interviewees sometimes see new possibilities, sometimes try to preserve their old moral order, but most of all work to transform their specific understandings of love and life to meet today’s needs and conditions.

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  • 18.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Health and Society.
    Love as action; managing relationships, sickness and medicine in a Zulu society2008In: Medische antropologie, ISSN 0925-4374, Vol. 20, p. 47-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 19.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Tema Health and Society.
    Love, Medicine and Health2006In: Umbiko Health. Bringing Science to PeopleArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Lungisa": weaving relationships and social space to restore health in rural KwaZulu Natal.2014In: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, ISSN 0745-5194, E-ISSN 1548-1387, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 203-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Zulu people who live in big cities in South Africa return to their rural homestead when they fall ill. Although the health care offered in rural areas is not efficient, people wish to connect to their family and ancestors. My aim is to explore acts of lungisa (“to put in order”) and what they say about health, agency, and the circumstances under which people live. Returning home means weaving oneself firmly within a web of relationships that are located in material things and places. Healing involves imperfect strategies used to better connect bodies, relationships, and places. I theorize the acts of returning using Adriana Cavarero’s concept of weaving together and argue that people produce space and relationships over time to exert some control over a life lived under political and economic circumstances that have created separation. Six months of ethnographic fieldwork make up the material for my analysis.

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  • 21.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies.
    "One step at a time": Analyzing young patients' video diaries in an ethnographic tracing of fixed appliances2017In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 183-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines children’s and young people’s experiences of receiving state-financedorthodontic treatment. Using video diaries and follow-up interviews, the aim was to explore how fixedappliances act on patients’ bodies and social life. The combination of methods reveals complex experiences.The main narrative, primarily found in the interviews, presents a vision of an improved bite thatpatients and orthodontists share. In the video diaries, a parallel narrative of extended bodily hardship isrevealed. Owing to the step-by-step process where appliances are gradually tightened, the young patientsmanage to bear the treatment. However, they cannot foresee its extension.

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  • 22.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Recension av Torbjörn Friberg, Universitetslärare i förändring: En antropologisk studie av profession, utbildning och makt2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 403-405Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schoolgirls' healt agency: Silence, upset and cooperation in a psycho-educational assemblage2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-12, article id 1564518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Since the millennium, manual-based preventive health programmes, drawing on psychological models of behaviour management, have dominated psycho-educational practices in school. The aim of this article is to study the health agency of 13-year-old schoolgirls participating in a programme for improving schoolchildren’s psychological health in Sweden.

    Method: Drawing on Deleuze and Guattari’s theories of assemblages, the interaction between schoolchildren, teachers, the manual and psycho-educational techniques is scrutinized. The methodology of assemblage ethnography is used in the analysis of video observations of 13 course meetings.

    Results: Three salient attitudes in relation to the possibilities built up for the schoolgirls are identified—silenceupset and cooperation. The girls’ acts and stories question the psycho-centric, individualized and gender-normative approach used in psycho-educational programmes and make visible the relational and contextual aspects of schoolchildren’s psychological health.

    Conclusion: Children depend on multiple factors for their agency; the institutional networks they are involved in both allow and restrict their actions. The study demonstrates that focusing on children as health actors, in the sense that agency develops in the assemblages children take part in, can complement the knowledge base and question the predominant framing of psychological health.

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  • 24.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Up and down and sideways: Collaboration, friction and ethnographic representations of orthodontics for children2021In: Ethnography, ISSN 1466-1381, E-ISSN 1741-2714, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 14-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I discuss collaboration and my experiences of involving orthodontists when representing orthodontic practice. Drawing on an ethnographic study with children and young people getting fixed appliances, the aim is to understand the politics of the practitioners’ receptions of the research result. First, I explore the power balance involved in researching expertise in general. Studying up and down and sideways in a multidirectional collaboration, I demonstrate that direct focus on the practitioners’ reactions to the ethnographic representations can reveal the political and social processes in institutions that deeply affect the lives of children. Secondly, the ethnographic examples show the specific changing conditions within the field of orthodontics that influenced how my analysis was received by the orthodontists. I argue that the result of collaboration, in the form of both agreement and friction, serves as knowledge about the burning questions of the institutional network under study.

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  • 25.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society.
    Uthando, umuthi kanye nezempilo2006In: Umbiko intando, Vol. 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Virginity Testing as a Local Public Health Initiative: A 'Preventative Ritual' More Than a 'Diagnostic Measure'2019In: Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public, and Critical Readings / [ed] Keri Vacanti Brondo, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, 2, p. 313-320Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on virginity testing in Nkolokotho in northeastern rural KwaZulu Natal. I argue that testing is a strategy that involves the deployment of collective pressure and symbolic means both to increase the individual’s and the community’s responsibility for sexual relations, and to strengthen girls’ and women’s positions at a time of chronic HIV/AIDS. In the absence of effective measures against AIDS, inhabitants try to find alternative ways to protect young people. An older tradition that emphasizes the status of virgin girls and the significance of the collective is used in a strategy that incorporates HIV blood tests. I show how virginity testing is a ‘preventive ritual’ more than a ‘diagnostic measure’, while emphasizing how both South African and Western projects aimed at improving the situation are grounded in perspectives that sometimes collide with how local people conceive of both relationships and sexuality.

  • 27.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Virginity Testing as a Local Public Health Initiative: A 'Preventative Ritual' More Than a 'Diagnostic Measure'2016In: Cultural Anthropology: Contemporary, Public, and Critical Readings / [ed] Keri Vacanti Brondo, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1, p. 148-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on virginity testing in Nkolokotho in northeastern rural KwaZulu Natal. I argue that testing is a strategy that involves the deployment of collective pressure and symbolic means both to increase the individual’s and the community’s responsibility for sexual relations, and to strengthen girls’ and women’s positions at a time of chronic HIV/AIDS. In the absence of effective measures against AIDS, inhabitants try to find alternative ways to protect young people. An older tradition that emphasizes the status of virgin girls and the significance of the collective is used in a strategy that incorporates HIV blood tests. I show how virginity testing is a ‘preventive ritual’ more than a ‘diagnostic measure’, while emphasizing how both South African and Western projects aimed at improving the situation are grounded in perspectives that sometimes collide with how local people conceive of both relationships and sexuality.

  • 28.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Virginity testing as a local public health initiative: a ‘preventive ritual’ more than a ‘diagnostic measure’2010In: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, ISSN 1359-0987, E-ISSN 1467-9655, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 532-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on virginity testing in Nkolokotho in northeastern rural KwaZulu Natal. I argue that testing is a strategy that involves the deployment of collective pressure and symbolic means both to increase the individual's and the community's responsibility for sexual relations, and to strengthen girls' and women's positions at a time of chronic HIV/AIDS. In the absence of effective measures against AIDS, inhabitants try to find alternative ways to protect young people. An older tradition that emphasizes the status of virgin girls and the significance of the collective is used in a strategy that incorporates HIV blood tests. I show how virginity testing is a ‘preventive ritual’ more than a ‘diagnostic measure’, while emphasizing how both South African and Western projects aimed at improving the situation are grounded in perspectives that sometimes collide with how local people conceive of both relationships and sexuality.

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  • 29.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Nyanserad förståelse av ungas psykiska ohälsa2019In: Elevhälsa, p. 6-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor del av den statistik som ligger till grund för medialt uppmärksammade rapporter om ökande psykisk ohälsa bland unga representerar inte alltid psykisk ohälsa utan övergående besvär kopplade till ungdomars vardagliga utmaningar. Detta kan leda till att ungas mående medikaliseras och att insatser som ska främja psykisk hälsa riskerar att hamna snett.

  • 30.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Young people’s perspectives on the symptoms asked for in the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey2020In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 450-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although young people in Sweden report good health, there is an increase in self-reportedsymptoms. However, there is uncertainty regarding what these symptoms signify. Using interviewswith 15-year-olds, this research examines what the symptoms asked for in the Health Behaviorin School-Aged Children survey represent. The analyses takes inspiration from a performativeunderstanding of surveys. It demonstrates that while problems such as feeling low and nervousnessare reported as poor mental health, some participants refer them to deep-seated problems andothers to everyday challenges. The results points to the necessity of reporting from symptomscales with caution to avoid the pathologisation of everyday problems.

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  • 31.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Är besvär som ”känna sig nere” och ”svårt att sova” symtom på psykisk ohälsa?: En studie om ungas levda erfarenheter2020In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 97, no 5-6, p. 978-990, article id 2363-7015-1-PBArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although young people in Sweden report that they are in good health, thereis an increase in self-reported complaints such as feeling low and nervous.The complaints are reported as poor mental health. However, there is uncertainty regarding what these complaints signify. Using interviews withfifteen-year-olds, this research examines what the complaints asked for inthe Health Behavior in School-Aged Children survey represent in their lives.The analysis starts from a theoretical understanding of young people ashealth actors. It demonstrates that while the complaints represent everydayproblems for some young people, they represent deep-seated problems forothers. The results demonstrate the importance of acknowledging this duality otherwise everyday managing of life risk being pathologized and moreserious problems risk being overlooked.

  • 32.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    DISA är ett problematiskt verktyg i skolan2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 25 septArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elever tvingas leta efter negativa tankar: Forskare kritiserar program som används i skolan2015In: SocialPolitik, ISSN 1104-6376, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 34-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 34.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvist Lindholm, Sofia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fel förstärka negativa tankar hos unga2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 19 septArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lind, Judith
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Relatability, consumerism, and legitimated advice: Mental health talk by female social media influencers2024In: Learning, Media & Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, E-ISSN 1743-9892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media influencers (SMIs) who publish content on mental health play a vital role in the lives of teenage girls. To examine what kind of mental health advice SMIs give, we interviewed teenage girls and identified SMIs that regularly post content on mental health. The indexing of their YouTube videos (n=234) shows that the advice includes calls to self-improvement; work on the body; and seeking help. Our analysis demonstrates that working strategically to uphold their fame, the SMIs balance the roles of expert and friend; turn consumption into mental health advice; and gain legitimacy via collaborations with health organisations. The logic specific to social media requires an additional layer in the interpretation of mental health content in SMI videos. While reciprocity and support between SMI and follower are enabled, the inclusion of such content is also strategically beneficial for the SMI as it contributes to increase her perceived authenticity.

  • 36.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköpings universitet.
    Morberg Jämterud, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inledning2022In: Screeningens mångsidighet: Dess möjligheter och utmaningar / [ed] Wickström, Anette; Morberg Jämterud, Sofia; Zeiler, Kristin, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 9-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Morberg Jämterud, SofiaLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Zeiler, KristinLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Screeningens mångsidighet: dess möjligheter och utmaningar2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad får vi egentligen veta när vi genomgår medicinsk screening? Hur upplever vi erbjudandet om testning eller att genomgå screening?

    Det är några av frågorna som diskuteras i Screeningens mångsidighet. Texterna utgår från såväl människors erfarenheter av screening som forskning och vetenskapliga diskussioner. Skribenterna gör nedslag kring exempelvis nationella screeningprogram som mammografi och gynekologiskt cellprov, men också screening för prostatacancer, kognitiv svikt och covid–19. Även hälsoenkäter som screeningverktyg och screening av genetiska anlag som kan leda till sjukdom hos barn lyfts fram.

    I sina studier belyser författarna existentiella, etiska och socio–kulturella aspekter av olika screeningpraktiker. De visar på utmaningar som oro, osäkerhet, hur risk skapas och vad den gör med en människa. Tankar kring screeningens tidsmässiga perspektiv och den väntan som uppstår blir viktiga.

    Författarna är alla verksamma inom medicinsk humaniora som undersöker människors sjukdomserfarenheter och vardagliga möten med medicinska praktiker. I den här boken fokuserar de vad screening gör med oss som individer och vilka utmaningar vårt samhälle ställs inför i det sjukdomsförebyggande arbetet.

    MedverkandeMartin GunnarsonBjørn HofmannEricka JohnsonLisa LindénSofia Morberg JämterudMarit SolbjørAnette WickströmKristin Zeiler

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  • 38.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Performativity of Surveys: Teenagers’ Meaning-making of the ‘Health Behavior in School-aged Children Survey’ in Sweden2021In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 428-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey contains scales intended to measure life satisfaction, mental health problems, and socioeconomic status. This article takes inspiration from science and technology studies (STS) and analyse the survey as performative. It also examines subjective meaning-making through an analysis of interviews with 15-year-old teenagers. It shows how the survey enacts the subject position of an accountable teenager and how teenagers experience the survey as sending a message about how one should live. While some teenagers experience this as positive, others narrate feelings of shame. This could be interpreted as a way for them to be accountable for themselves.

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  • 39.
    Wickström, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Psykisk hälsa ur barns och ungdomars perspektiv: De sociala relationernas avgörande betydelse2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson och Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber , 2018, p. 350-362Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför ifrågasätts inte andra icke-medicinska ingrepp?2012In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 7/1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wickström, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Why do we perform surgery on newborn intersexed children? The phenomenology of the parental experience of having a child with intersex anatomies2009In: Feminist Theory, ISSN 1464-7001, E-ISSN 1741-2773, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 359-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few parents-to-be consider that their child may be born with ambiguous sex. Still, parents of a newborn child with ambiguous sex are expected to make a far-reaching decision for the child should the child be operated upon so that it has either female or male genitals? The aim of this article is to examine, phenomenologically, why parents decide to have their children undergo genital surgery when it is not necessary for the childs physiological functions. Drawing on phenomenological work by Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Simone de Beauvoir and Sara Ahmed, we examine parents frustration when their childs sex is ambiguous and their experiences of the practice of medical sex assignment. We also examine parental identity work when the child has been assigned a sex and the interaction between parents and medical professionals when parents make decisions regarding surgery on their child. Furthermore, we provide a critical perspective on the surgical practice.

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