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  • 1.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Alkohol och  sexuellt risktagande: Teoretiska perspektiv och en kvalitativ studie om alkohol och sexuellt risktagande bland ungdomar och unga vuxna2011Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Culture and Context in Mental Health Diagnosing: Scrutinizing the DSM-5 Revision.2019In: Journal of Medical Humanities, ISSN 1041-3545, E-ISSN 1573-3645, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its claim of incorporating a "greater cultural sensitivity." The analysis reveals that the manual conveys mixed messages as it explicitly addresses the critique of being ethnocentric and having a static notion of culture yet continues in a similar fashion when culture is applied in diagnostic criteria. The analysis also relates to current trends in psychiatric nosology that emphasize neurobiology and decontextualize distress and points to how the DSM-5 risks serving as an ethnic dividing line in psychiatry by making sociocultural context relevant only for some patients.

  • 3.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Culture and Context in Mental Health Diagnosing: Scrutinizing the DSM-5 Revision.2019In: Journal of Medical Humanities, ISSN 1041-3545, E-ISSN 1573-3645, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its claim of incorporating a "greater cultural sensitivity." The analysis reveals that the manual conveys mixed messages as it explicitly addresses the critique of being ethnocentric and having a static notion of culture yet continues in a similar fashion when culture is applied in diagnostic criteria. The analysis also relates to current trends in psychiatric nosology that emphasize neurobiology and decontextualize distress and points to how the DSM-5 risks serving as an ethnic dividing line in psychiatry by making sociocultural context relevant only for some patients.

  • 4.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Gendered Racism and the Production of Cultural Difference: Media Representations and Identity Work among ‘Immigrant Youth’ in Contemporary Sweden2003In: NORA - Nordic Journal of Women’s Studies, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 78-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to reflect upon the racialized construction of "cultural difference" and its repercussions on "immigrant" youth living in Sweden. Drawing from critical scholarship on ethnicity and racism, as well as from postcolonial feminist theory, the first part of this article surveys and analyses hegemonic racialized discourses in mainstream media and the gendered manifestations of this discourse. With reference to my own research, the second part points to some of the ways in which these discourses play out in the lives of "immigrant" youth living in Sweden.

  • 5.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Intersectionality: A Challenge for Feminist HIV/AIDS Research?2006In: European Journal of Women’s Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 229-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to engage critically with feminist HIV/AIDS research from an ‘intersectional’ perspective. Focusing in particular on the work of Tamsin Wilton (1997) and Janet Holland et al. (1998), the article examines how ‘race’, ethnicity and class are theorized and conceptualized in this literature. Through a scrutiny of their empirical analyses, the article points to the pitfalls of a descriptive approach to ‘differences’ and problematizes Wilton's and Holland et al.'s theoretical focus on gender and sexuality. The benefit of including a critical perspective on ‘race’ and ethnicity and other axes of domination is illustrated further using some empirical examples from the Swedish HIV/AIDS policy context. The article concludes by arguing that an intersectional perspective poses a challenge to feminist HIV/AIDS research that needs to be addressed in order to produce an effective sexual health policy.

  • 6.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Intersektionalitet2011In: Perspektiv på Turism & Resande: Begrepp för en kritisk turismanalys / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 99-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Turism och resande har blivit ett givet inslag i vår samtid. I den rika delen av världen framstår möjligheten att resa för många som en självklarhet. I den fattiga delen av världen har turismindustrin blivit en allt viktigare inkomstkälla. Det turistiska fältet har dessutom kommit att erkännas som ett ytterst komplext forskningsfält som ger upphov till frågor som är både lokala och globala, och som kan handla om såväl människors drömmar och självförståelse, som mänskliga rättigheter, global ekonomi och internationella politiska relationer. Denna bok närmar sig det turistiska fältet genom en rad analytiska begrepp. Varje kapitel lyfter fram ett bestämt begrepp - däribland makt, plats, etnicitet och transnationalism - diskuterar vad det kan betyda, hur det kan tolkas, och vad just det begreppet kan bidra med för den som vill analysera samtida turism och resande. Bekantskapen med vissa teoretiska begrepp gör att man förmår se saker på det turistiska fältet som tidigare var höljda i dunkel. Samtidigt kan en ökad teoretisk och begreppsmässig kännedom göra att man plötsligt förstår hur komplicerad världen är. På så vis får kanske våra begreppsdiskussioner det turistiska fältet att framstå som ännu mer utmanande och fascinerande.

  • 7.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    'Invandrare' i svensk hiv- och aidspolicy 1985-2005: Från kulturpluralism till neo-assimilering2006In: Om välfärdens gränser och det villkorade medborgarskapet: rapport / av Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Stockholm: Fritzes , 2006, p. 69-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Udredningen behandler et paradoks i den svenske velfærdsmodel: social og økonomisk ulighed med etnisk fortegn, forekomsten af institutionel racisme og etnisk betinget fattigdom

  • 8.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    ‘Love in Another Country’: ‘Race’, Gender and Sexuality in Sexual Education Material Targeting Migrants in Sweden2005In: Sexualities, ISSN 1363-4607, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 517-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out from the perspective that notions of risk and safety and how these intersect with different gendered, sexualized and racialized representations are central to the HIV/AIDS problematic. With migrants and refugees being singled out as some of the most potent disease carriers in Sweden, the article aims to scrutinize representations of identity and difference in a Swedish HIV/AIDS discourse. Concerning the empirical focus, the article is based on an analysis of sexual education material targeting immigrants/refugees in Sweden. The article reveals how Swedish heterosexuality appears as an image of normality in the material. It also discusses how the concept of gender equality becomes an ‘ethnic marker’ that serves to foment racialized differences between ‘Swedes’ and ‘immigrants’. As such, the theme of ‘pleasure and danger’ is discussed with reference to how the intersections of ‘race’, gender and sexuality appear in a Swedish context.

  • 9.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Maskulinitet och kamp om nationella arenor: reflektioner kring bilden av "invandrarkillar" i svenska media2002In: Maktens (o)lika förklädnader :: kön, klass & etnicitet i det postkoloniala Sverige : en festskrift till Wuokko Knocke / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Irene Molina och Diana Mulinari, Stockholm: Atlas , 2002, 1, p. 182-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maktens olika förklädnader kan läsas som en postkolonialt inspirerad lägesrapport om Sverige i början av det nya millenniet. Även om tystnaden kring rasism är och har varit en marginaliserad fråga inom den svenska feministiska forskningen, visar flera texter i denna antologi att rasismen är en nyckel kategori för att förstå nutida former av social differentiering. Nu i storpocket!En viktig forskningsuppgift är därför att analysera hur könsidentiteter konstitueras inom ramen för ett rasifierat och klassindelat samhälle. Att problematisera rasism innebär inte bara att förkasta den som social praxis utan också att lyfta fram och undersöka hur erfarenheter av rasismen parallellt med klass och kön formar sociala identiteter.En inte mindre viktig aspekt som tas upp i antologin är medvetenheten om rasism, vilket anses vara av central betydelse för att förstå hur att rasistiska ideologier präglar vår uppfattning om sociala fenomen. I detta sammanhang är begreppet intersektionalitet som introduceras i boken, relevant för förståelsen av de mekanismer som gör kön- klass och ras/etnicitet till bärande principer för överordning och underordning.

  • 10.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Rasism, kön och sexualitet - en intervjustudie2005Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Safe Sex, Unsafe Identities: Intersections of ’Race’, Gender and Sexuality in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the different depictions of ‘immigrants’ and the ways in which migration, ethnicity and racism have been handled by Swedish HIV/AIDS policy since the early 1980s. The dissertation consists of five separate articles and an introductory chapter that outlines the discourse-theoretical approach used in the subsequent articles. The introduction also provides a contextual framework by summarizing recent research on, and sketching a background to, HIV/AIDS policy development in Sweden.

    The dissertation argues that, although the policy discourse early on established that inducing safer sex practices among the Swedish population was the only viable solution to the pandemic, the discourse is nonetheless permeated by notions of unsafe identities. The dissertation also stresses the importance of scrutinizing HIV/AIDS policy in light of broader political developments, and argues that an increasing focus on migrants in HIV/AIDS policy should not be seen as a simple reflection of the global epidemiological development, but should rather be understood in relation to the general political and economic phenomenon of welfare state retrenchment. Applying postcolonial feminist theories, the dissertation reveals how the policy discourse is permeated by conceptions of migrant cultures as not susceptible to change but steeped in tradition and primordiality, alongside racialized fantasies about Africa as the ‘dark continent’ and the source of disease. It also discusses how both masculinity and femininity, as well as heterosexuality and homosexuality, feature in the policy discourse as demarcations between Western and non-Western subjects – between whites and blacks and between Swedes and non-Swedes – and identifies the challenges that such knowledge implies for feminist HIV/AIDS research and policy.

    List of papers
    1. Gendered Racism and the Production of Cultural Difference: Media Representations and Identity Work among ‘Immigrant Youth’ in Contemporary Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Racism and the Production of Cultural Difference: Media Representations and Identity Work among ‘Immigrant Youth’ in Contemporary Sweden
    2003 (English)In: NORA - Nordic Journal of Women’s Studies, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 78-88Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to reflect upon the racialized construction of "cultural difference" and its repercussions on "immigrant" youth living in Sweden. Drawing from critical scholarship on ethnicity and racism, as well as from postcolonial feminist theory, the first part of this article surveys and analyses hegemonic racialized discourses in mainstream media and the gendered manifestations of this discourse. With reference to my own research, the second part points to some of the ways in which these discourses play out in the lives of "immigrant" youth living in Sweden.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis Journals, 2003
    Keywords
    ETHNICITY RACISM FEMINIST theory RESEARCH
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13071 (URN)10.1080/08038740310002932 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-03-20 Created: 2008-03-20 Last updated: 2019-01-21
    2. Intersectionality: A Challenge for Feminist HIV/AIDS Research?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intersectionality: A Challenge for Feminist HIV/AIDS Research?
    2006 (English)In: European Journal of Women’s Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 229-243Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to engage critically with feminist HIV/AIDS research from an ‘intersectional’ perspective. Focusing in particular on the work of Tamsin Wilton (1997) and Janet Holland et al. (1998), the article examines how ‘race’, ethnicity and class are theorized and conceptualized in this literature. Through a scrutiny of their empirical analyses, the article points to the pitfalls of a descriptive approach to ‘differences’ and problematizes Wilton's and Holland et al.'s theoretical focus on gender and sexuality. The benefit of including a critical perspective on ‘race’ and ethnicity and other axes of domination is illustrated further using some empirical examples from the Swedish HIV/AIDS policy context. The article concludes by arguing that an intersectional perspective poses a challenge to feminist HIV/AIDS research that needs to be addressed in order to produce an effective sexual health policy.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage Publications, Ltd, 2006
    Keywords
    cultural racism, HIV/AIDS, intersectionality, safer sex, Sweden
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13072 (URN)10.1177/1350506806065754 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-03-20 Created: 2008-03-20 Last updated: 2019-01-21
    3. Sweden: HIV/AIDS policy and the crisis of multiculturalism
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: HIV/AIDS policy and the crisis of multiculturalism
    2009 (English)In: RACE & CLASS, ISSN 0306-3968, E-ISSN 1741-3125, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 57-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines shifts in the ways that immigrants were framed and depicted within Swedish HIV/AIDS policy discourse from 1985 to 2005. In particular, it examines whether, when and how immigrants were linked to understandings of risk and safety in sexual relations. Whereas, at first, immigrants were rather marginal to this discourse, they later held a central position. Moreover, there was a shift in how ethnicity and race were conceptualised by the Swedish authorities - a movement away from cultural pluralism towards neo-assimilationism. Throughout this time, cultural differences, often defined in terms of different attitudes to gender and sexuality, were focused on as defining the boundaries between immigrants and Swedes. But, whereas the pluralist approach favoured respect and tolerance for these differences, the neo-assimilationist approach that replaced it argued that immigrants ought to assimilate to the more enlightened sexual values of Swedishness, in order to better prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS infection.

    Keywords
    cultural racism, gender, integration, neo-assimilation, sexual health
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13073 (URN)10.1177/0306396809102998 (DOI)
    Note
    At the time of disputation, this article was submitted with title 'From Cultural Pluralism to Neo-assimilation: Shifting Discourses in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy (1985–2005)'.Available from: 2008-03-20 Created: 2008-03-20 Last updated: 2019-01-21
    4. ‘Love in Another Country’: ‘Race’, Gender and Sexuality in Sexual Education Material Targeting Migrants in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Love in Another Country’: ‘Race’, Gender and Sexuality in Sexual Education Material Targeting Migrants in Sweden
    2005 (English)In: Sexualities, ISSN 1363-4607, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 517-535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out from the perspective that notions of risk and safety and how these intersect with different gendered, sexualized and racialized representations are central to the HIV/AIDS problematic. With migrants and refugees being singled out as some of the most potent disease carriers in Sweden, the article aims to scrutinize representations of identity and difference in a Swedish HIV/AIDS discourse. Concerning the empirical focus, the article is based on an analysis of sexual education material targeting immigrants/refugees in Sweden. The article reveals how Swedish heterosexuality appears as an image of normality in the material. It also discusses how the concept of gender equality becomes an ‘ethnic marker’ that serves to foment racialized differences between ‘Swedes’ and ‘immigrants’. As such, the theme of ‘pleasure and danger’ is discussed with reference to how the intersections of ‘race’, gender and sexuality appear in a Swedish context.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage Publications, Ltd, 2005
    Keywords
    cultural racism, HIV/AIDS, intersectionality, migration, Sweden
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13074 (URN)10.1177/1363460705056624 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-03-20 Created: 2008-03-20 Last updated: 2019-01-21
    5. The Venereal Map of the World’: Exotic Places and Seductive Otherness in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy Discourse
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Venereal Map of the World’: Exotic Places and Seductive Otherness in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy Discourse
    2008 (English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13075 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-03-20 Created: 2008-03-20 Last updated: 2019-01-21
  • 12.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Sex på kartan? Om tonårssexualitet, rasism och sexualupplysning i Sverige2014In: Kritiska gemenskaper: att skriva feministisk och postkolonial vetenskap / [ed] Kerstin Sandell, Maja Sager och Nora Räthzel, Lund: Media-tryck, Lunds universitet , 2014, p. 125-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Sociokulturellt sammanhang som etnisk skiljelinje i psykiatrisk diagnostik: kulturbegreppet i DSM-52015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 47-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I arbetet med revisionen av DSM-5 (2013) betonades vikten av att kulturanpassa diagnosmanualen. Den kulturformulering som fanns i DSM-IV utvärderades, och förslag på förändringar lades fram av experter tillsatta av DSM-5:s styrgrupp. Artikeln visar att den reviderade manualen på flera sätt försöker bemöta tidigare kritik om etnocentrism och individorienterat kulturbegrepp. Trots detta bygger DSM-5 fortfarande på en etnocentrisk uppdelning mellan universella diagnoser och kulturspecifika avvikelser där kultur likställs med icke-västerländsk. Genom att betona sociokulturellt sammanhang bryter kulturavsnitten också med den dominerande symptombaserade förståelsen som annars genomsyrar diagnoskriterierna. Mot denna bakgrund, argumenterar artikelförfattaren, finns det risk att lyhördhet för sociokulturellt sammanhang blir en etnisk skiljelinje i psykiatrisk diagnostik istället för att omfamna alla med psykiskt lidande. 

  • 14.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Sweden: HIV/AIDS policy and the crisis of multiculturalism2009In: RACE & CLASS, ISSN 0306-3968, E-ISSN 1741-3125, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 57-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines shifts in the ways that immigrants were framed and depicted within Swedish HIV/AIDS policy discourse from 1985 to 2005. In particular, it examines whether, when and how immigrants were linked to understandings of risk and safety in sexual relations. Whereas, at first, immigrants were rather marginal to this discourse, they later held a central position. Moreover, there was a shift in how ethnicity and race were conceptualised by the Swedish authorities - a movement away from cultural pluralism towards neo-assimilationism. Throughout this time, cultural differences, often defined in terms of different attitudes to gender and sexuality, were focused on as defining the boundaries between immigrants and Swedes. But, whereas the pluralist approach favoured respect and tolerance for these differences, the neo-assimilationist approach that replaced it argued that immigrants ought to assimilate to the more enlightened sexual values of Swedishness, in order to better prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS infection.

  • 15.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    The Venereal Map of the World’: Exotic Places and Seductive Otherness in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy Discourse2008Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Åk inte dit!: Exotiska platser och förföriska andra i svensk hiv/aids-policy2010In: Den nationella väven: Feministiska analyser / [ed] Maria Jansson, Maria Wendt, Cecilia Åse, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, p. 73-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nationer framstår ofta som givna och helt självklara, som något naturligt som bara är. Men samtidigt upprättas ständigt hierarkier baserade på kön, sexualitet, klass och etnicitet i nationers namn. I en nationell gemenskap kan dessa maktrelationer också komma att framstå som naturliga och goda. I Den nationella väven ställs frågor om hur kön och nation skapas i samtida demokratier och vilken politisk betydelse detta har. I boken analyseras bland annat polisförhör i fall av dödligt våld mot kvinnor, medierapporteringen kring feministiskt initiativ, kvinnliga polarforskare och hur kvinnor som utmanar nationen framställs i modern dramatik. Författarna gör analyser utifrån ett makt- och demokratiperspektiv. Det handlar om hur kvinnor fråntas handlingsutrymme och om hur heteronormativa ideal befästs. Det handlar också om hur idéer om nationell överhöghet återskapas och rasism naturaliseras. Boken vänder sig till såväl studenter som till andra som är intresserade av att förstå hur nationell gemenskap etableras i politik och vardag och hur detta skapar ojämlikhet och sätter gränser för politiskt handlingsutrymme.

  • 17.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bolander, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Beyond cultural racism: Challenges for an anti-racist sexual education for youth2019In: Youth, Sexuality and Sexual Citizenship / [ed] Peter Aggleton, Rob Cover, Deana Leahy, Daniel Marshall and Mary Lou Rasmussen, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 71-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses sexual educational material in Sweden that aspires to a ‘norm critical’ agenda, i.e. which explicitly seeks to challenge norms regarding gender, sexuality, able-bodyness, race and ethnicity. The analysis is interested in the ways the material attempts to move beyond racialised notions of immutable cultural differences. We argue that while the material avoids reproducing stereotypes, it fails to develop an alternative way of conceptualising culture and its importance for sexuality. It also falls prey to a liberal discourse in its attempt to bridge differences by aspiring to universal rights. A more fruitful alternative, we suggest, would be to turn to a transversal politics so as to develop a form of sex education that can accommodate conflicting values, while treating culture in a non-essentialist way.

  • 18.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bolander, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande, Göteborgs universitet.
    Norm-critical sex education in Sweden: tensions within a progressive approach2018In: The Cambridge handbook of sexual development: childhood and adolescence / [ed] Sharon Lamb & Jen Gilbert, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, p. 537-558Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Folkhemsrap?: Motstånd och ‘anständighet’ i svensk hiphop2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘I dag är svensk hiphop större än någonsin’, konstaterar Expressen (00/12/02) i en artikel under rubriken När hiphopen kom till Sverige. Artikeln fortsätter: ‘Petter, Feven och Latin Kingsär frontfigurer inom en genre som musikexperterna tror kommer att växa explosionsartat i framtiden’. Den musikgenre eller kulturform som länge har varit etablerad och som har diskuterats i USA tycks ha kommit till Sverige för att stanna. Även om svensk hiphop har en relativt lång historik, vilket inte minst musikjournalisten Fredrik Strage pekat på i reportageboken Mikrofonk åt (Strage, 2001), var det inte förrän under nittiotalet och då särskilt under de senaste två-tre åren som svensk hiphop på allvar började att diskuteras i offentliga sammanhang. Strages bok rönte i sig mycket stor uppmärksamhet i svensk media. Boken recenserades i rikstäckande såväl som i lokal media. I princip överallt tycktes det plötsligt vara aktuellt att diskutera hiphop som kulturellt fenomen.

    Hiphopen aktualiserar flera av vår tids mest centrala konfliktdimensioner.Den rör exempelvis frågor om sexualitet, rasism, etniska relationer och förortsproblematik. Hiphop kan förstås på flera olika sätt. Som musikgenre kan dess musikaliska rötter och andra influenser spåras och undersökas. Ett annat (bredare) alternativ är att fokusera på hiphopen som populärkulturellt fenomen.

    I denna artikel diskuterar vi ur en rad infallsvinklar hiphopen som just populärkulturell företeelse.Vårt teoretiska perspektiv bygger i huvudsak på den materialistiska och feministiskakritik som formerats inom det teoretiska fält som vanligtvis brukar betecknas Cultural Studies, CS. Vårt teoretiska perspektiv bygger även på den kritik som etnicitets- och rasismforskare i sin tur har riktat mot feministisk teori. Inledningsvis redogör vi kort för utvecklingen inom CS och positionerar oss själva i en materialistiskt grundad kritik. Efter det att vi kritisk granskat flera av de konfliktfyllda teman som hiphopen på ett eller annat sätt berör, främst i form av segregation och stigmatisering, lyfter vi med hjälp av feministisk kritik fram frågan om kön. Detta gör vi framför allt genom att diskutera konstruktioner av maskulinitet artikulerade så väli hiphopkulturen som i dess mottagande av mainstreammedia.

  • 20.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Language, Culture and Maternity Care: "Troubling" Interpretation in an Institutional Context2015In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 58-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses language interpretation in the context of maternity health care. By scrutinising how maternity health care staff reflects upon their experiences from the everyday institutional setting, the article shows that they are caught between a discourse on language interpretation as migrants’ rights and a racialised discourse where language is intertwined with notions of ‘otherness’. As such, language interpretation becomes subsumed into a range of different practices that seek to discipline migrant women to meet the demands from Swedish society. In the article, therefore, the everyday practice by the health care staff is looked upon as a form of citizenship-making, and the article emphasises how racialised discourses take different shapes in different institutional contexts. Thus, the article shows that the practice of language interpretation cannot, in this context, be fully understood without including the larger socio-political context.

  • 21.
    Mulinari, Shai
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Bredström, Anna
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Merlo, Juan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Questioning the discriminatory accuracy of broad migrant categories in public health: self-rated health in Sweden2015In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 911-917Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Differences between natives and migrants in average risk for poor self-rated health (SRH) are well documented, which has lent support to proposals for interventions targeting disadvantaged minority groups. However, such proposals are based on measures of association that neglect individual heterogeneity around group averages and thereby the discriminatory accuracy (DA) of the categories used (i.e. their ability to discriminate the individuals with poor and good SRH, respectively). Therefore, applying DA measures rather than only measures of association our study revisits the value of broad native and migrant categorizations for predicting SRH. Design, setting and participants: We analyzed 27 723 individuals aged 18-80 who responded to a 2008 Swedish public health survey. We performed logistic regressions to estimate odds ratios (ORs), predicted risks and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AU-ROC) as a measure of epidemiological DA. Results: Being born abroad was associated with higher odds of poor SRH (OR = 1.75), but the AU-ROC of this variable only added 0.02 units to the AU-ROC for age alone (from 0.53 to 0.55). The AU-ROC increased, but remained unsatisfactorily low (0.62), when available social and demographic variables were included. Conclusions: Our results question the use of broad native/migrant categorizations as instruments for forecasting individual SRH. Such simple categorizations have a very low DA and should be abandoned in public health practice. Measures of association and DA should be reported together whenever an intervention is being considered, especially in the area of ethnicity, migration and health.

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