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  • 1.
    Baez Ullberg, Susann
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Skill, Karin
    Antropología de la Universidad de California en Santa Cruz, USA..
    The Asamblea: Social Protest and Political Mobilization in Contemporary Argentina2017In: Meeting Ethnography : Meetings as Key Technologies of Contemporary Governance, Development, and Resistance / [ed] Jen Sandler och Renita Thedvall, London, New York: Routledge , 2017, 1, p. 69-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sustainability potentials of digitally based platforms for the circularity of household items2023In: Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain, ISSN 2772-3909, article id 100133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Closed-loop supply chains (CLSCs) are an important response to pressing sustainability challenges. However, they bring about tradeoffs like increased resource use in logistics. Addressing these complexities, digital platforms emerge as promising, yet under-researched, tools for efficiency enhancement in CLSCs. This study investigates three digital platforms facilitating furniture and household item trade in relation to CLSCs. A comprehensive framework, rooted in literature on CLSCs, digital platforms, and logistics, guides the analysis. The findings reveal diverse sustainability potentials within these platforms, primarily driven by system design, scale, and actor engagement. The efficacy of the digital platform varies based on usage patterns, their geographical scope, logistic solutions, and providers. Crucially, environmental and social sustainability tradeoffs and benefits come to light, offering insights into their emergence based on system design. This study provides insights for practitioners and scholars, regarding potentials/risks of trade-offs in environmental and social sustainability dimensions related to the use of digital platforms for trading secondhand furniture. It provides a nuanced understanding of how these differ depending on system design.

  • 3.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elvström, Rebecca
    Motala kommun.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    DigidelCenter i Motala: Lärdomar för ökad digital kompetens2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Digital delaktighet är en demokratisk rättighet. Därför är digitalt utanförskap ett demokratiskt problem när allt fler offentliga tjänster hanteras i digitala kanaler med allt från bankärenden till skolfrågor, bussturlistor och kommunal information. I FN:s Agenda 2030 för hållbar utveckling, som ligger till grund för en del av forskningen som presenteras i denna rapport, talas det om att ingen ska lämnas efter eller utanför – alla ska med. Vi tar denna uppmaning från global policy som ett riktmärke för studier av lokal praktik.

    I rapporten presenteras kommunens och bibliotekens roll i vår digitala omvärld. På biblioteket stöttar medarbetarna medborgarna med både informationsinhämtning och att lära sig att använda digital teknik. Biblioteksmedarbetarna arbetar också med yttrandefrihet, medie- och informationskunskap och hållbar utveckling. Vi beskriver arbetet på bibliotek för att kunna tillmötesgå såväl politiska förväntningar och lokala realiteter, som vilka kompetenser personalen behöver och hur arbetet kan organiseras. Ett syfte har även varit att sprida erfarenheter av de arbetssätt för digital delaktighet som utvecklas på DigidelCenter i Motala, till i första hand politiker och tjänstemän i Sverige. Karaktären på studierna har varit aktionsforskning där design och resultat kontinuerligt diskuteras med intresserade aktörer i kommunen och på bibliotek i samverkan, i Östergötland.

    I rapporten beskriver och analyserar vi arbetet på DigidelCenter i Motala kommun som en demokratisk arena. Motalas arbete har i flera sammanhang lyfts fram som en framgångsrik modell för att stödja digital inkludering, bland annat av digitaliseringsministern Peter Eriksson vid hans besök våren 2018. Det framhölls även när regeringen lanserade en satsning på flera DigidelCenter runt om i Sverige och sköt till medel för arbetet (Regeringen Pressmeddelande, 2018). Därför står arbetet på Motala bibliotek i fokus här.

    En utmaning här är svårigheterna att mäta digital kompetens, men även hur den kan studeras och beforskas. I policydokument finns många olika perspektiv som pendlar mellan uppfattningar om enskilda personers kompetens att vara aktiva medborgare (EU:s styrdokument/ EU, 2017?), till krav på tjänstemän och medarbetares digitala kompetens att kunna förklara för andra, visa och leda (OECD, 2017). I båda fallen handlar det om vad som händer i möten med digital teknik.

    Vi presenterar resultat från aktiviteter med besökare och deltagare i DigidelCenters verksamhet i form av observationer, en enkätstudie, och intervjuer med bibliotekspersonal och kommunala politiker. Dessa olika sammanhang visar på vad vi måste förstå för att tala om digital delaktighet i det offentliga, det vill säga det vi har för avsikt att studera inom forskargruppen DINO.

    Resultaten indikerar att arbetet med digital inkludering behöver fortsätta, samt att det handlar om mer än tillgång till teknik - kompetens är också viktigt. Resultaten från DigidelCenter i Motala visar även att personal som i sin tjänst möter människor med digitala frågor behöver både pedagogisk kompetens och kännedom om samhällets logik kring var olika e-tjänster ”hör hemma”. Dessa resultat kommer att bidra till att utveckla stöd för dem som arbetar med digital kompetens och inkludering.

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    DigidelCenter i Motala : Lärdomar för ökad digital kompetens
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  • 4.
    Guyader, Hugo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nansubuga, Brenda
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Institutional Logics at Play in a Mobility-as-a-Service Ecosystem2021In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 15, article id 8285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decade has brought the transport sector to the forefront of discussions on sustainability and digital innovations: practitioners, researchers, and regulators alike have witnessed the emergence of a wide diversity of shared mobility services. Based on a longitudinal case study of a regional Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) ecosystem in Sweden, constituted of a document analysis and 24 semi-structured interviews with 18 representatives from regional authorities, mobility service providers, and other stakeholders from the public and private sectors, this study examines the co-existing and competing institutional logics at play, identified as State logic, Market logic, Sustainability logic, Experimental logic, and Service logic. The analysis reveals that these institutional logics pertain to tensions in the collaboration within the ecosystem’s stakeholders in terms of: (1) finding a common vision and scope for MaaS, (2) establishing a sustainable business model, (3) triggering a behavioral change regarding car travel, (4) being able to find one’s role within the project and to consequently collaborate with other stakeholders, and (5) managing uncertainty through testing and experimenting innovative solutions, which ultimately yielded key learnings about MaaS and the shared mobility ecosystem and its stakeholders. These case study findings, based on an institutional logics framework, provide a novel perspective on emerging ecosystems, from which implications for MaaS developers and further research on shared mobility are drawn.

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  • 5.
    Guyader, Hugo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Institutional Logics in the Creation of Mobility-as-a-Service2021In: Sammanställning av referat från Transportforum 2021 / [ed] Fredrik Hellman och Mattias Haraldsson, VTI, 2021, p. 161-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1) Background

    Offering Mobility as a Service (MaaS) is about integrating different mobility services from a diversity of public and private actors, into one platform system embodied in a smartphone app to provide unique mobility solutions to each customer need. The objectives of MaaS are to provide more convenient sustainable mobility solutions than the use of private cars, and to reduce traffic congestion and CO2 emissions, liberate parking areas, and other major issues in city centers. In the “sharing economy paradigm”, commuters will not necessarily possess their own means of transportation. With the assumption that a high level of integration between mobility services is more appealing to customers and a tool for promoting sustainability, than the possession and usage of private cars, MaaS is anchored in this paradigm promoting access instead of ownership.

    MaaS can be traced back to a pilot project developed and implemented in Gothenburg, Sweden during 2013-2014, known as Go:Smart. Go:Smart aimed to develop, test (for a limited time period), and evaluate ways to offer smarter and more sustainable ways of traveling for city residents. At the end of the project, 93% of the pilot participants found MaaS app very useful and were willing to continue using it. Despite this, Go:Smart was discontinued. To succeed at the “transportation smörgåsbord concept” future projects would require a careful cooperation and collaboration between the key actors (i.e. the diverse providers of transportation services) involved in the project. In short, while the pilot app worked for 200 people, the actors behind the MaaS solution did not manage to maintain the collaboration and to establish a sustainable business model. Integration barriers, issues of public-private partnership, lack of scalability, developing trust for collaboration, are among the main challenges in implementing MaaS. The public-private partnership impedes the conversion from successful MaaS pilots to full public launch, so that more research should be conducted to better understand the obstacles of MaaS development within public-private collaborations.

    For the MaaS sector to grow as expected, we need to better understand how the mobility actors involved collaborate to launch a MaaS app that meets customers demand, attracts new customers, and maintains a sufficient user base on the long term. This paper aims to investigate the different logics performed by actors involved in creating a market for MaaS that fulfils and shapes customer demand for mobility. On the one hand, a certain mobility demand already exists among customers (e.g. commuters who use different transportation modes), which the MaaS offer can provide a solution through a combination of mobility services that removes inconvenient hassles (e.g. combining multiple subscriptions, timetables, and itineraries from different providers). On the other hand, the demand for mobility can be constructed to attract new customers (e.g. early adopters of new technologies, people with an access-over-ownership lifestyle) with a convenient, innovative, and seamless solution to organize commuting and daily travels such as they find MaaS superior to private car travels and remain actual users. To grasp the different logics underlying these aspects of fulfilling and shaping the demand on a new market, the MaaS actors’ collaboration is analyzed through the lens of institutional logics.

    The marketing literature has recognized that markets are emerging in an on-going process guided by actors so that the markets are shaped favorably to them. This market creation is influenced by other market-shaping processes from adjacent markets and certain market actors can even force the creation of a market. Furthermore, markets are not immediately populated by a wide variety of market actors, but through an incremental process of different activities, sometimes aimed at changing the rules of a market. Considering the introduction of MaaS in an existing ecosystem of actors with their own mobility services as a case of new market creation and shaping activities and mechanisms guided by the same actors opens up opportunities to investigate the processes aimed at claiming, demarcating or controlling a market. 

    (2) Method and material

    This paper is based a case study of LinMaaS, an ongoing project initiated by the municipality of Linköping to launch its own MaaS within the next two years. We investigate in what ways demand for MaaS with seamless, flexible, and multi-modal mobility precedes the introduction of the mobility solution and this demand is created and shaped by the actors behind LinMasS development. We gather empirical data from interviews with managers and decisions makers from different LinMaaS public and private stakeholders (e.g., the municipality, the public transportation company offering bus and train services, the carsharing company, the software company, the e-scooter company), and notes and meeting minutes across different Work Package groups (e.g., app design, pricing models, marketing communications). As members of the research team evaluating the pilot project of LinMaaS, we have been able to get in-depth insights.

    (3) Analysis and results

    Different institutional logics can coexist in everyday practice, but they can also get into conflict. Institutional logics are particularly relevant for studying initiatives where actors from private and public sectors collaborate to create new digital solutions while managing the tensions between different assumptions, norms, ambitions, regulations, and organizational practices, which investigating intersecting logics allow to highlight. The sharing economy discourse and practices are also permeated with tensions (i.e. similar to institutional logics) between the communal norms of pro-social sharing and the commercial norms of market-based transactions. The results of this case study of LinMaaS and how the demand for mobility is identified and shaped in a new market show how different logics coexist and conflict simultaneously in unresolved tensions between a great diversity of actors. Identifying these different logics and their implications is key to a better management of the collaboration to create a sustainable ecosystem for MaaS.  

  • 6.
    Gyberg, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
     Framing Devices in the Creation of Environmental Responsibility:  A Qualitative Study from Sweden2010In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 2, no 7, p. 1869-1886Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze the relationship between identity work for environmental responsibility and sustainable development in relation to an ecological master frame. The material is based on a case study with Swedish householders and focusses on the interviewees identity work in relation to specific and detailed environmentally friendly activities. The argument put forth is that individuals construct what is possible and reasonable by identifying themselves in relation to the multitude of others and by doing certain activities. The conclusions suggest that the householders consider themselves to have a responsibility for the environment, but that they do enough by performing specific activities such as recycling. Thereby the study shows how the individuals present their own ideas and actions in relation to an ecological master frame.

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  • 7.
    Iacobaeus, Helena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Francisco, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nordqvist, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sefyrin, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Digitalt utanförskap: en forskningsöversikt2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten bygger på en kartläggande litteraturstudie om internationell forskning av digitalt utanförskap. Digitalt utanförskap är ett demokratiskt problem när alltfler välfärdstjänster digitaliseras. Rapportens syfte är att undersöka vilken forskning som har publicerats inom området digital exkludering, samt vilka faktorer som nämns som bidrar till digital exkludering och vilka grupper som studerats som digitalt exkluderade tidigare.

    Modell

    En användbar modell för att analysera digitalt utanförskap har utarbetats av forskaren Jan van Dijk. Den har tidigare illustrerats som en triangel med motivation som bred bas, men utifrån vårt arbete med denna forskningsöversikt föreslår vi att den illustreras som en trappa med stegen: motivation, tillgång, färdigheter, användning. Denna modell visar hur forskningen har gått från fokus på tillgång till digital teknik, till att se det som ett mer komplext fenomen.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att tidigare forskning har förklarat och förstått individuellt digitalt utanförskap utifrån följande faktorer:

    • Bristande motivation
    • Bristande infrastruktur/tillgång
    • Bristande kunskap och färdigheter
    • Låg socioekonomisk status
    • Bristande tillit/självtillit

    När det kommer till samhälleliga faktorer som kan bidra till digitalt utanförskap så nämns:

    • Bristande styrning och ledning

    Motsatsen till digitalt utanförskap är digital delaktighet och inkludering. Det främsta resultatet visar att det är en pågående process som här liknas vid en trappa. Eftersom den digitala utvecklingen är pågående kan inte digital kompetens och inkludering ses som avslutade processer; människor måste ständigt uppgradera sina kompetenser för att kunna hänga med. Människor som befinner sig på de övre stegen kan dock halka ner vid en förändrad livssituation,

    som att gå från anställning till arbetslöshet.

    Slutsatser

    • Det saknas enhetliga begrepp om vad som avses med digitalt utanförskap, inkludering och kompetens, vilket kan försvåra jämförelser
    • Digital inkludering är pågående process, som människor kan halka efter i
    • Digitalt utanförskap kan förstås utifrån situationer snarare än utifrån människors karaktär eller identitet (som implicit innebär att det kan undvikas)
    • Digitalt utanförskap kan handla om komplexa samband mellan flera faktorer
    • Digitalt utanförskap kan förekomma i olika sociala grupper och ålderskategorier

    Rapporten har en sammanställning över faktorer som lyfts fram i tidigare forskning som gynnsamma för insatser som syftar till digital inkludering. Det handlar om faktorer som i stort återspeglas i ovan nämnda modell:

    1. Motivera
    2. Skapa tillgång
    3. Främja färdigheter
    4. Främja användning

    Idéer för fortsatt forskning

    Med slutsatsen i tidigare forskning om att digital inkludering är en pågående och komplex process eftersom den digitala tekniken ständigt utvecklas behövs fortsatt forskning som visar hur olika faktorer hänger samman och kan bidra till inkludering eller exkludering. Det behövs även fortsatt forskning om olika grupper, till exempel nyanlända och migranter samt människor med olika funktionsvariationer. Att fokusera på hur olika situationer påverkar digital delaktighet och inkludering framstår som relevant. Mer tillämpad forskning om hur offentliga digitala system och tjänster designas inom ett svenskt sammanhang skulle också vara värdefull, liksom utvecklandet av nydanande metoder för att studera digital delaktighet.

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    Digitalt utanförskap: En forskningsöversikt
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  • 8.
    Jansson, Ann
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sharing and recycling resources in a hybrid online and on-site community2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore different ways that online and on-site (here called hybrid) sharing and recycling of resources takes place within a small Swedish municipality. Municipalities in Sweden are obliged to provide certain welfare services, like waste management and recycling facilities for their inhabitants. Digital solutions have been suggested as a novel ingredient to deliver services according to the law. The utilization of sharing platforms is presented as a way of sharing limited resources. However, sharing platforms in public settings are not developed, particularly not in small municipalities. Some apps have even been controversial to introduce in municipalities. Therefore, it is relevant to investigate how already established platforms, like Facebook, are used. Some groups of citizens are advanced in using platforms such as Facebook for swapping/buying/selling products, sharing information and services, and coordinating recycling of goods, while other inhabitants rely on physical and on-site media like bulletin boards. Recycling can contribute to increased resource efficiency. The citizens have a sense of community and collaborate extensively on sharing platforms, towards a sustainable everyday life. The empirical material for the study is based on mapping of sharing practices in the municipality, including data harvested from a Facebook group for sharing/swapping/buying, ethnographic observations on site, and interviews. The results from the study can be used by municipalities that want to increase sharing and reach more circular economy and recycling. 

  • 9.
    Jansson, Ann
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Uber for Public School Buses and Limits to Sharing: Perceived possibilities and challenges to use sharing platforms in municipal service delivery2021In: ICEGOV '21: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance / [ed] Euripidis N Loukis, Marie Anne Macadar, Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen, Mário Peixoto, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2021, p. 529-531Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sharing limited resources via digital platforms is an attractivesustainability solution that has been suggested as an innovation.However, when applying digital solutions in the public sector thereare sometimes challenges. The aim is to explore the opportunities and challenges involved in using digital sharing platforms inSwedish municipalities to deliver welfare services regarding public transport and school buses. We apply institutional logics as ananalytical approach to understand the perceived use of sharingplatforms to deliver welfare services. Interviews and workshopswith municipal staff and politicians are analyzed. The results showboth opportunities and challenges in connection with using digitalplatforms to share limited resources.

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  • 10.
    Jansson, Ann
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Uber for public school buses: Limitations for sharing vehicles/resources, a swedish municipality perspective2021In: 14th International Conference on Theoryand Practice of Electronic Governance, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Jansson, Ann
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Symbiosis governance as useful for exploring sustainability and digital solutions in public sector?2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we discuss how we can contribute to research and practice in what is known as industrial symbiosis by developing the concept symbiosis governance that aims at exploring sustainability and digital solutions in public sector. We focus on digitalization in Swedish municipalities, specifically on how digital services known as part of the sharing economy can be harnessed for fulfilling obligations and deliver welfare services to residents. The paper takes a controversy around the digital application TippTapp in Stockholm municipality as a starting point since it highlights how innovative ways of organizing everyday activities, like waste management, with digital solutions can be objected (and even deemed illegitimate) in a Swedish municipality. This paper engages with three areas of application where we will work in a research project: school buses, home care and waste management that are core activities in Swedish municipalities and where digital innovations possibly can be used. The discussion is done in relation to the policy expressed by the Swedish government that Sweden should become best in the world at harnessing the possibilities of digitalization, and how this can be done at municipal levels, particularly as previous research has shown that local leaders and politicians are grappling with digitalization and tend to express rather low digital maturity. The paper is based on a conceptual discussion about digital solutions in public sector. 

  • 12.
    Kaharevic, Ahmed
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Digital Citizenship in a Swedish Marginalised Neighbourhood: Different attitudes to and experiences of digital inclusion and eHealth2021In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 31-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate digital citizenship by exploring attitudes and experiences of digital inclusion and eHealth with data from a survey study based on face-to-face interviews in differentlanguages, in a marginalised hard to survey neighbourhood. Through public eHealth services,people can exercise digital citizenship. We explore differences between the marginalised neighbourhood and the national level, and among residents in the neighbourhood, with disaggregateddata. The results show that the respondents in Skäggetorp report lower usage of the internet,lower access to smartphones, a somewhat lower usage of BankID, higher concern for surveillance, and a higher number of respondents feel excluded from digital society in comparison tothe nationwide survey. The results in the disaggregated data show some differences in attitudesto and experience of digital inclusion among residents in Skäggetorp. We conclude that thestudies of digital citizenship need to be broadened to address feeling included, social rights,and difference.

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  • 13.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mapping and Characterizing: Nordic Everyday Life Research2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to present references that originate from the Nordic countries,including Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Norway, and that have been assigned the keyword“everyday life” or one of its Nordic counterparts and published in the period 1990 through2008. The presentation includes information on the total number of references from eachcountry, the most frequent authors and the institutions to which they belong, and the referencetypes and the number of each type. Based on an analysis of some limited information aboutthe dissertations and the journals, it is discussed how Nordic everyday life research may becharacterized.

    In total 560 references were found in the search procedure that is described in the report. Thenumber of references from the different countries is: Finland 176, Sweden 171, Denmark 110,and Norway 103. The analysis imply that the field of Nordic everyday life research is big,multifaceted, and multi- and interdisciplinary. It is performed mainly within the frame ofvarious social science subjects, but also to quite a great extent within subjects of healthscience, and to a minor extent within technology subjects. Some of the references seem torepresent studies with a more comprehensive view on the everyday lives of a certain group ofpeople located in the same place or sharing some characteristic and they try to capture bothwhat people do and what they think and experience. Other studies are narrower and focus on,for example, attitudes towards food or how computers are used or should be designed. Inother words Nordic everyday life research is hard to define clearly. The limited analysis andthe fact that the international field of everyday life research is not well known, do not allowconclusions to be drawn about either a typically Nordic character of everyday life research, ordifferences between the Nordic countries. However, the work of mapping Nordic everydaylife research will continue and the plans of constructing an open-access Everyday LifeResearch Database that will be easily accessible on the Internet are presented.

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    Mapping and Characterizing : Nordic Everyday Life Research
  • 14.
    Nordqvist, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Iacobaeus, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kaharevic, Ahmed
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Plattform för lärande: implementeringen av Canvas i Lärandegruppen i Sverige AB2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolhuvudmannen Lärandegruppen i Sverige AB har valt att byta lärplattform och därför upphandlat lärplattformen Canvas, och samtidigt utvecklat sin pedagogiska idé. Ledningsgruppen ville lära sig mer om implementeringsprocessen för att kunna utveckla sitt arbete. Därför vände den sig till forskargruppen Dino vid Linköpings universitet och vi planerade studien tillsammans.

    Syftet är att belysa och reflektera kring implementeringen av Canvas i relation till den pedagogiska idén med både kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod i huvudmannens grund- och gymnasieskolor, Erla och Real.

    I denna rapport redovisas studien. Vi har samlat in och analyserat semistrukturerade intervjuer med 36 personer som är lärare, mentorer eller rektorer i fem av huvudmannens skolor, sju personer ur ledningsgruppen samt enkätsvar från 251 personer i alla huvudmannens skolor. Som stöd i datainsamlingen och presentationen av resultatet har vi använt programteori.

    Resultatet visar att de som bidragit till studien upplever Canvas vara bättre än tidigare plattformar som använts i skolorna. Medarbetare och elever arbetar redan med flera funktioner i Canvas och intervjupersonerna menar att plattformen stödjer huvudmannens pedagogiska idé.

    Canvas upplevs dock svår att lära sig på grund av de många funktionerna, som samtidigt ger många spännande möjligheter. Många och spännande användningsmöjligheter kan leda till fel användning ur ledningens perspektiv, det vill säga utan den pedagogiska idén. För att motverka det krävs noggrann vägledning, vilket huvudmannen erbjuder. Det finns även en del oklarheter som till exempel hur material som läggs ut för delning ska kvalitetssäkras, hur data som samlas in via Canvas ska användas och hur centralt skapade lektioner kommer att påverka arbetsvillkoren. Detta skapar misstankar och oro.

    Studien visar också att plattformen behöver anpassas till det svenska skolsystemets normer. Det visar i sin tur att teknik inte är neutral utan kan bära på värden och olika logiker, som hur feedback ges i olika skolkulturer.

    Slutsatserna av denna studie är att tydlig, klargörande och tillgänglig information från ledningen som skapar mer säkerhet bland medarbetarna bygger tillit till förändringar och delvis nya arbetssätt. Det är också tydligt i denna studie att information och förändringar i skolan behöver anpassas till läsårets aktiviteter. Intervjupersonerna uppskattade och kände stöd i de fall de upplevde en tydlig styrning under implementeringen. Det är i linje med annan forskning om förändringsledning. Dessa resultat kommer forskargruppen att fortsätta att analysera. Lärandegruppen i Sverige AB kommer att fortsätta arbeta för bättre användning av Canvas för att utveckla sin pedagogiska idé.

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  • 15.
    Sigfridsson, Tove
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Digitala delningslösningar som innovation i landsbygder och glesa geografier? Fallet skolskjuts2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kunna dela begränsade resurser via digitala plattformar har presenterats som en attraktiv och innovativ hållbarhetslösning. Men vad händer när det är dags att tillämpa de digitala lösningarna och omsätta förväntningarna i praktiken? I den här rapporten fokuserar vi på ett specifikt tillämpningsområde där delningslösningar föreslagits, nämligen kollektivtrafik och skolskjuts. Skolskjuts är en välfärdstjänst som svenska kommuner måste tillhandahålla sina invånare enligt skollagen. De digitala delningstjänsterna och plattformarna påverkar relationerna mellan samhällets aktörer, där människors data blir till en ny resurs för företag, och bidrar med möjligheter för att förutspå, planera och påverka. Inom logistik och skolskjuts, till exempel, förväntas data bidra med optimering av rutter, som gör tjänsten mer effektiv. Ny teknik för mobilitet förväntas bidra till ökad trafiksäkerhet och förarlösa bussar testas på olika håll för att komma runt behov, kostnad och säkerhet. Att använda digitala tjänster i offentlig sektor ses som innovativt. Inom offentlig sektor förväntas digitalisering bidra till demokratiska resultat som ökad transparens och offentligt deltagande, liksom kunskapsutbyte och samarbete mellan organisationer. I den här rapporten använder vi institutionella logiker för att förstå hur olika aktörer kan ha olika intressen och mål. Syftet med den här rapporten är att utforska den kunskap som finns om möjligheter och utmaningar med att använda digitala delningsplattformar i glesa geografier, eller i landsbygder för att organisera skolskjuts och kommunala transporter.

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  • 16.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Agrotóxicos y Salud: controversias ycolaboraciones en la producción de conocimiento2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [es]

    Sabemos que una gran parte de la producción de conocimiento acerca de lo que llamamos salud socioambiental tiene lugar afuera de la universidad y el ámbito académico. Además es un área multidisciplinaria. También sabemos que la producción de conocimiento acerca de enfermedades producidas por actividades como el agronegocio y sus agrotóxicos, muchas veces resulta controversial, o, silenciada. En ésta mesa queremos abrir un espacio para escuchar las experiencias de diferentes actores sociales que están produciendo conocimiento sobre la relación entre salud/enfermedad y agrotóxicos, y dialogar sobre posibles maneras de colaborar entre militantes, académicos y otros profesionales. Posibles preguntas para tratar en la mesa son: cómo juntamos datos, cómo y con quién colaboramos, qué rol cumplen datos y proyectos científicos, qué conflictos existen en la producción de conocimiento, y, finalmente, que rol puede cumplir la antropología y sus herramientas?

  • 17.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University.
    ¿Agua contenciosa? Valor, riesgo, y vida cotidiana en Andalgalá2014In: Roundtable: Politics of nature: socioenvironmental conflicts in Argentina, surrounding water, territory and conservation politics, 2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ansvar för den argentinska Naturen?2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöpåverkan är ofta nationsöverskridande, och det är sällan som det går att uttyda och därmed avkräva ett tydligt ansvar. De som drabbas behöver inte nödvändigtvis ha bidragit till miljöpåverkan. Miljöfrågan bör därför studeras ur ett globalt rättviseperspektiv som fokuserar såväl enskilda individers som nationalstaters syn på sin roll i det globala systemet. Den modernistiska uppdelningen mellan natur och kultur är centrala referenspunkter i mycket av miljöforskningen. Vad dessa verk gör är att visa på människans dominans över naturen och möjligheterna att styra naturen, men samtidigt ger det också människan en moralisk skyldighet att ta ansvar för naturen och miljön vilket i västerländsk forskning kommit att kallas för en individualisering av miljöansvaret eller en politisering av vardagliga aktiviteter. Att människor från under-/outvecklade nationalstater ofta framställts som närmare naturen, och mindre kontrollerande av naturen personifierat har samtidigt belysts av postkoloniala tänkare. Syftet med detta bidrag är att presentera en analys av en argentinsk etnografisk studie om miljöansvar genom att belysa de sätt som medborgare refererar till idéer om Naturen, mänsklig påverkan, utveckling och teknikens roll. Kan synen på sitt eget ansvar relateras till medborgerlig och statlig position i det globala systemet?

     

  • 19.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Between everyday activities and environmental awareness2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I de flesta policyer för hållbar utveckling efterfrågas mer folkligt deltagande i besluten om och implementeringen av ett mer ekologiskt och socialt hållbart samhälle. Men få ifrågasätter vad deltagandet består av och hur människor i sina vardagliga aktiviteter stödjer och/eller utmanar dessa politiska visioner. Den här uppsatsen baseras på en etnografisk studie av 29 svenska hushålls olika aktiviteter, och fokuserar särskilt på miljövänliga aktiviteter. Möjligheten att analysera materialet med hjälp av begreppet ”ekologiskt medborgarskap” prövas i uppsatsen med syftet att kunna uppmärksamma skärningspunkten mellan enskildas rättighet till en god miljö och skyldigheterna att agera för det gemensamma bästa och en hållbar utveckling. Begreppet utgår ifrån att många av våra vardagliga aktiviteter med tillhörande resursbruk, kan ha långtgående och komplexa konsekvenser för miljön, djur och människor såväl här som på andra platser, vilket vi som enskilda följaktligen har ansvar för. Men vad finns det för empiriska belägg för att människor tar detta ansvar? Utifrån hur hushållsmedlemmarna pratar om, beskriver hur de genomför olika vardagliga aktiviteter, hur de förhandlar om vad de ska genomföra, samt hur de samverkar med andra människor, dras vissa slutsatser om idealet om den ”ekologiska medborgaren”. Tesen att människor kan delta politiskt i andra situationer än vid demokratiska val, och på andra sätt än i muntliga diskussioner förs här fram med stöd av resonemang om mänsklig interaktion i vårt samtida komplexa samhälle.

  • 20.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Body politics in the Bathroom and Beyond2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Collaborative governance and sharing resources in a multi-sited community2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms are often expected to enable sharing. In this digital era technology is proposed in municipalities to increase “sharing” of limited resources. Among the responsibilities, municipalities organize and manage waste and recycling for the residents. These are on-site and take place within the municipal borders, but the coordination may take place online. The interaction of online and on-site sharing within the municipality and address the possibility of using the local library as a hybrid platform for sharing. The Swedish library has a long tradition as sharing platform where residents can borrow books, and access information. Furthermore, the digitalization of society has implied that libraries expand their area of activities concerning supporting citizens towards digital inclusion. Additionally, items beyond books, like tools, leisure equipment etc are shared at libraries. The study is based on interviews, on-site observations at the library, as well as online observations of a Facebook group where resources are shared. The proposal of multi-sited ethnography to enable studies of online and on-site interaction between residents, civil servants, and politicians in the municipality regarding circulation of resources and sharing is applied. The aim is to investigate collaborative governance and in what ways small municipalities with sparse population and vast geography can harness the possibilities of sharing platforms. 

  • 22.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Dimensions of Sustainability in Conflict2005In: Vetenskap för Hållbar utveckling - utgångspunkter, dialog och kritisk reflektion,2005, 2005, p. 16-16Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Emerging agricultural practices with digital transformation and reconfiguration of territory2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Territory is not a mere geographical space but a disputed site. Agribusiness has implied a complex reconfiguration of territory. In Argentina GM soybean monoculture has replaced other agricultural activities, and there has been a radical expansion towards new frontiers. Argentina is among the largest exporters of GM soy foods and production depends on a technological package provided by multinational corporations, including seeds, machinery, agrochemicals, and fertilizers, services like storage and logistics, as well as digitally connected machinery, fumigation planes, satellites that provide climate information, specialists and technicians.  Soy has a strategic place in the Argentine economic model, and contribute to GDP thanks to export taxes, but also to financial speculation and investment pools. A central part of the GM soy production is fumigations with agrochemicals, something that has encountered resistance in different contexts and led to wide mobilization among citizens. There are alternative production models emerging out of this resistance, characterized as the agroecological turn, with substitution of external supplies, diversification and recuperation of native seeds and plants. It is oriented to local markets and criticizes the dislocation of indigenous groups and small-scale farmers, contamination and soil erosion. 

    The private sector promises that the use of Big Data and artificial intelligence will save fertilizer costs, increase yieldd, and contribute to more efficient agriculture including sustainablele solutions like to fight hunger. However, speculation and the use of data have even been identified as aggravating the food crisis due to higher food prices. This implies that digital transformation, despite the increase in the production of food, does not necessarily benefit the poorest sectors of society.  Here we want to elaborate on how an assemblage, constituted by heterogeneous elements like people, ideas, landscapes, knowledge, material and technologies, and is formed through a process of what has been called “social labour”.

     "Digital transformation" is not only a virtual phenomenon, but it is developed to govern our resources and common goods, so it is related to access to land, social relations, and agricultural practices. Since data is presented as a new resource, it is relevant to study the reconfiguration of territory and digital transformation from a political ecology perspective, allowing the understanding of conflicts and struggles generated by the forms of asymmetric access to resources. We need to understand how data, digital tools and resources are appropriated, as well as the development of digital competence in the analysis of data, and of the interaction between the use of technologies with agricultural production. In turn, the privatization of information infrastructures allows corporations to market data generated by users, a form of capital accumulation that aims to predict and modify human behavior and markets. We acknowledge that there is a difficulty of obtaining official data in Argentina and land use maps are absent. This accumulation logic establishes new asymmetric social relationships due to access to technology, data and technological skills. 

  • 24.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ett ekosystem på Facebook för att byta grejer med varandra: delningsekonomi i en liten svensk landsbygdskommun2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten undersöker vi olika sätt att dela och återvinna resurser online och på plats i Ydre kommun, en liten och glest befolkad svensk kommun i Region Östergötland med cirka 3,700 invånare. Digitala lösningar och delningsplattformar har presenterats som ett sätt att dela begränsade resurser, i det som kallats smarta samhällen. Men delningsplattformar har framför allt studerats i storstäder, vilket motiverar studier av små och glesat befolkade samhällen. Utöver att vara känd för sin litenhet är kommunen också känd för sina många föreningar och ett mycket starkt civilsamhälle. Syftet med rapporten är att utforska det ekosystem av varor och information som cirkulerar i en Facebook-grupp, med både kvalitativa och kvantitativa data. Frågorna som har ställts är: vem är engagerad i Facebookgruppens interaktioner? Vad säljer de, byter de, återvinner de? På vilket sätt möjliggör Facebook som plattform återanvändning av varor och delning? Totalt samlades 1,137 inlägg in under tre månader från en offentlig Facebookgrupp med över 4,500 medlemmar där människor säljer och byter begagnade varor samt söker och utbyter information. Insamlingen av inlägg gjordes manuellt och en kvalitativ kodning av innehållet gjordes inspirerad av frågor som lyfts inom delningsekonomi och cirkulär ekonomi: kläder, bilar och fordon, ge bort gratis, hemelektronik, hobbyer, husgeråd och möbler, utomhusredskap och reparation, offentlig information inklusive från lokala föreningar och företagare. Den metod som tillämpats i studien kan liknas vid digital etnografi, med intresse för det vardagliga. För att tolka resultatet av kartläggningen av vad som erbjuds, byts och säljs via Facebook-gruppen är det relevant att notera att det till exempel inte finns reguljära klädbutiker i kommunen, och att närmsta fysiska butiker för att köpa nytt är belägna i omkringliggande kommuner.

    Vår kartläggning visar att invånarna ger uttryck för en känsla av gemenskap och samarbetar i stor utsträckning via delningsplattformen Facebook.  Resultatet visar att de vanligaste kategorierna för posterna är kläder, inklusive barnkläder 28%, husgeråd och möbler 26%, information till allmänheten 11%, barnsaker inklusive leksaker 7%. Data visar att många olika personer är engagerade i Facebook-gruppen eftersom det totala antalet medlemmar är 4,500, och en majoritet av personerna gjort ett enskilt inlägg (56%) under den studerade perioden. Sammanställningen visar att kvinnliga profiler gör närmare 80% av inläggen och är i klar majoritet, medan endast cirka 20% görs av manliga profiler. Det är inte ovanligt att de bestämmer träff för att granska kvaliteten på produkterna eller för att överlämna produkten. Medan husgeråd och möbler är den största gruppen när det gäller antalet varor som erbjuds, är barnkläder den mest sålda varan. Av 292 inlägg om hushållsartiklar är 25 eller 9 % sålda, medan 42 barnkläder av 225 är sålda, dvs. 19 %. Ungefär hälften av posterna lades upp av någon som på sin profil uttryckte att de bodde i Ydre kommun.   

    Resultaten från studien kan användas av kommuner som vill öka delningen och nå mer cirkulär ekonomi och återvinning och är ett bidrag till förståelsen för hur ett plattformsekosystem fungerar på en specifik plats.

  • 25.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glocalized Environmental Responsibility at Earth-Day in Buenos Aires2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will analyze an Argentinean case-study concerning how individual responsibility for global environmental change is communicated at the public event “Earth Day” by environmental actors. The case-study is based on observations and interviews. The attempt to mobilize the general public is just in line with Agenda 21 and the requirement for wide civic participation. While individuals have been given responsibility for changing their everyday habits with environmental consequences in many Western countries, governments and environmental organizations are still considered as the predominant actors in many developing countries. The sprouting focus on individual responsibility in Argentina is thereby an interesting empirical case.

  • 26.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hidden City: Ciudad oculta – ciudad visible: Visualización de la relación entre hombre y medio ambiente [Visualizing the relationship between humans and the environment]2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    As a researcher of sustainable development, I first met the foundation ph15 at the international environmental event Earth Day in Buenos Aires in 2008. They had a stand and presented their work, which interested me. Since its foundation in 2001, ph15 has worked to strengthen the capacity of the participants to express themselves through the medium of photography, with the conviction that art can be used as a tool for social change. The idea to raise awareness through visualization connects the continuous work by ph15 with the principal aim of the environmental movement that photos and images can be used to promote social change. With this introduction I partly hope to inspire environmental academics and activists who want to use photography in their work, as well as others who have an interest in the use of photography. The catalogue will also serve as a description of the different points of departure that have motivated the project, and not the least to present the selected photographs.

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  • 27.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Householders’ Participation in political processes for sustainable development2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hållbara dimensioner i konflikt: miljövänliga hushållsaktiviteter och jämställdhet2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Agenda 21 lyftes en mängd s.k. vinna – vinna lösningar fram där de olika dimensionerna av den föreslagna hållbara utvecklingen - ekonomisk, ekologisk och social - integrerades på ett framgångsrikt sätt. Mycket av den tidigare dokumentationen om hållbar utveckling framhåller konsensus och samverkansfördelar mellan de olika dimensionerna. Detta har inneburit att beredskapen för eventuella konflikter och hur de kan hanteras kommit i skymundan. Vinna – vinna lösningarna saknas i senare beskrivningar, samtidigt som en utvecklad integrering efterfrågas. Både hållbarhet och jämställdhet är mål som det råder politiskt konsensus om i svenska policyer. Medlen att nå dithän skapar dock större konflikter och kan bidra till att policyerna blir svåra att implementera. Detta paper lyfter fram en del av de slutsatser som drogs vid en genusanalys av tidigare forskning om hållbar konsumtion och produktion. Vilka möjliga effekter policyer för hållbar produktion och konsumtion kan få på jämställdheten lyfts också fram. Fokus ligger på hushållens aktiviteter, och hur hushåll kan påverkas av policyer för hållbar utveckling vilka försöker integrera olika dimensioner.

  • 29.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Individualized Environmental Responsibility and Complexity in Sweden2009In: RECIIS - Electronic Journal of Communication, Information & Innovation in Health, ISSN 1981-6278, Vol. 3, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the individualization of environmental responsibility and the requirements to reflect on the environmental consequences of everyday activities. This is done in relation to the idea that awareness of environmental risks and problems will influence environmental activities. 64 Swedish householders’everyday life and sustainable activities has been investigated in a multidisciplinary, qualitative study. By interacting with intricate socio-technical systems in order to live everyday life, these householders can affect and are affected by the environment in near and distant places, and the focus is on how the householders conceive of these influences and their responsibility for the environment. The discussion will be run in relation to a set of categories concerning the ways the householders described environmental problems. The article shows that the householders know of environmental problems and risks, and believe they have a personal responsibility, which they mainly take by recycling. But the article also discusses arguments about why the householders do not act pro-environmentally. The theoretical discussion is run in relation to reflexivity and risk society, and the conclusions are related to the challenges that complexity poses to the possibility to reflect on the environmental consequences and to act pro-environmentally. Key words: Environmental problems; risk; responsibility; action competence; complexity; risk society

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  • 30.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Intercultural pedagogy in Bolivian education and the power of knowledge2009In: New Community Quarterly, ISSN 1448-0336, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 30-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is written within a course on intercultural pedagogy, and focuses an adult educational project in Bolivia called Kawsay. The indigenous communities of Bolivia have experienced stigmatization and exclusion ever since the colonisation began, which have hindered possibilities for democratic participation and community development. The organisation called Kawsay is attempting to upgrade the indigenous knowledge systems through an empowerment process based on intercultural pedagogy. The translation between these different knowledge systems is in focus in this paper, and especially the power dimension. This specific project has to be understood in relation to globalisation and colonisation. Focus is on the continuous construction of identities and how knowledge(s) are legitimated in relation to the dominant knowledge and educational system. I argue that Kawsay use intercultural pedagogy to stimulate community development in these processes attempting to take charge of the knowledge production and research by constructing their own university.

  • 31.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Investigar problemas ambientales como antropóloga2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    En ésta ponencia utilizaré mi propia formación como antropóloga para exponer   diferentes maneras que se puede investigar problemas ambientales en la antropología. Tomo como un punto de partida que para ser considerado como un problema ambiental, un grupo o un individuo debe poner su atención en este, o comunicarlo como un problema de la salud humana o como un cambio en el medio ambiente. Los problemas ambientales no son problemas en si mismos, sino que son definidos por actores sociales.

  • 32.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Investigar problemas ambientales en Antropología Social. Pertinencia social y científica: una aproximación al campo2012In: Avá: Revista de Antropología, ISSN 1515-2413, E-ISSN 1851-1694, Vol. 18, p. 77-92Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 33.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Latinamerikas öppna och förorenade ådror: miljörättvisa och förkroppsligande av det kapitalistiska systemet2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För ungefär fyrtio är sedan publicerade Eduardo Galeano en bok som skulle komma att få stort inflytande på vårt sätt att förstå Latinamerika och det som kallades, och i vissa sammanhang fortfarande kallas, utvecklingsländer. Boken var Latinamerikas öppna ådror, och den diskuterar den internationella arbetsfördelningen där vissa länder specialiserat sig på att vinna medan andra specialiserat sig på att förlora. Galeano skriver att det vi idag kallar Latinamerika, specialiserade sig på att förlora sedan européerna korsade Atlanten och satte tänderna i strupen på oss. Boken är precis som titeln låter ana uppbyggd kring ådror och förkroppsligade beskrivningar av blodomlopp och matsmältning. Läsaren hittar redogörelser av hur gruvarbetare i den bolivianska gruvan Potosí tappar tänder och hår och börjar skaka som reaktion på föroreningarna som flyter genom deras artärer, om hur kolonialmakten Spanien öppnar sin mun, tuggar i sig och sväljer resurserna från den latinamerikanska kontinentalkroppen så att bara smulor fastnar mellan tänderna, och blod som forsar från den kapitalistiska åderlåtningen. Ådror kan användas för att diskutera och förstå den mobilisering som sker i bland annat Argentina, mot besprutningen av monokulturgrödor som genmodifierad soja, solrosor, majs och ris. För att fullt förstå den intelligenta användningen av ådror som genomströmmar och bygger upp Galeanos text, och för att se hur den relaterar till mobiliseringen mot besprutning, så bör vi titta på den spanska definitionen av ”ådror” i Spanska Akademiens ordlista RAE.

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    Latinamerikas öppna och förorenade ådror: miljörättvisa och förkroppsligande av det kapitalistiska systemet
  • 34.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Legitimizing Indigenous Knowledge: challenging eduscapes2007In: Ways of Knowing, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades various organizations and scholars have demanded that what has been termed indigenous, traditional and/or local knowledge ought to be acknowledged, especially in connection to environmental movements and within development projects. The attempts to widen the definition of knowledge therefore have a political nature and are central as a mean to empower or strengthen indigenous people. In this context knowledgeable actors are at the heart of the matter.   

     

    This paper will draw on an ethnographic study performed with participants in the Kawsay adult education project in Bolivia, and their specific conceptualizations of their knowledge. The ethnographic study is based on oral histories and semi-structured interviews with the participants in order to capture their definition of knowledge and what the organization has contributed with. Kawsay is an organization that specifically attempts to legitimize and upgrade what they call indigenous knowledge, by creating a university structure to their education and maintenance of indigenous knowledge. In focus for the analysis are the possibly different definitions of knowledge and science that may diverge from the dominant “rationalistic” and mainly western view of them. The analysis will depart from previous theoretical challenges by multiculturalism and highlight whether the concept of indigenous knowledge is the knowledge held by indigenous people or defined by a different cosmology. Thereby the paper will investigate whether attempts to legitimize knowledge systems may work to challenge current “eduscapes,” or if it is part of the very same phenomena.   

  • 35.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mellan grönt tänkande och vardagligt görande: en hushållsstudie om aktiviteter för hållbar utveckling i fyra svenska kommuner.2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur hushållsmedlemmar organiserar, uppfattar och genomför sina vardagliga aktiviteter och vilka resurser de använder för att genomföra dessa, i förhållande till visionerna om hållbar utveckling som avmaterialisering. Resurserna antas här innebära såväl materiella resurser, som kunskaper, sociala nätverk och infrastrukturer som människor behöver för att genomföra sina aktiviteter. Syftet operationaliseras genom de tre frågeställningar, som utgör analysrarm i fallstudierna i de fyra kommunerna.

  • 36.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Methods for reflection in sustainable development2006In: Annual Meeting for the Association of American Geographers,2006, 2006, p. 247-247Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 37.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Methods for reflection on sustainable development: Time-diaries and interviews2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Migration testimonies by Kurdish refugees in Sweden2006In: Society for Applied Anthropology World on the Egde,2006, 2006, p. 67-67Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Postpolitics and the Limits of Nature: Critical Theory, Moral Authority, and Radicalism in the Anthropocene: by Andy Scerri, New York, NY, State University of New York Press, 20192020In: New Political Science, ISSN 0739-3148, E-ISSN 1469-9931, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 120-122Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 40.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Recension av Auyero, Javier, 2012. Patients of the State: The Politics of Waiting in Argentina. Durham & London: Duke University. 2014In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 251-254Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Recension av Kaijser, Anna. 2014. Who is Marching for Pachamama? An Intersectional Analysis of Environmental Struggles in Bolivia under the Government of Evo Morales. Ph.D. Dissertation. 2016In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 37, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Evo Morales and the Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) took office in Bolivia in 2006, riding on the wave of fierce popular protests against previous, neoliberal regimes. Morales was depicted as the country’s first indigenous president. His government promised a radical transformation of national politics and rebranded Bolivia as a “plurinational state”. Under MAS, indigenous subjectivity has moved from a marginalized position to center stage, and become a key condition for political legitimacy.

    This development is reflected in environmental politics. In international forums, the Bolivian government has claimed to represent a green indigenous alternative, a “culture of life”, as opposed to a Western, capitalist “culture of death”. However, on home ground, critics have accused MAS of coopting aspects of indigenous identity for its own interests and not applying its green agenda within the national borders. The national economy is dependent on intense extraction and export of natural resources, a trend which has not diminished under Morales. Thus, the first Bolivian government to frame itself as indigenous now stands behind initiatives for resource extraction and infrastructural expansion. This raises questions about whose rights are privileged when different actors express conflicting claims based on indigeneity.

    In this thesis, two salient themes are explored: MAS’ positioning in international climate change negotiations, and the conflict around the plans to construct a highway across the TIPNIS national park and indigenous territory. Drawing on poststructural and postcolonial feminist theory, I analyze intersecting processes of power in Bolivian environmental struggles by unwrapping two figurations: the endangered glacier and the ecological indigenous. These have become emblematic, and are mobilized by various actors for different purposes. Situating these figurations in national and international discourses, I show how they may shift in meaning and both reinforce and challenge relations of power. The research material was generated through ethnographic fieldwork and collection of written texts. Through this study of contemporary Bolivia, I shed light on how power dynamics play out in the framing of environmental problems and their solutions; questions which should be central to research on environmental issues in all contexts.

  • 42. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    (Re)Creating Ecological Action Space: Householders' Activities for Sustainable development in Sweden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Where does my individual responsibility for the environment start and end? Should I be responsible for environmental stress in India only because my shoes were produced there, or for climate change that endangers species in Antarctica, or rising sea levels on Pacific islands which just might have been caused by my driving? What do I need to do if I think it is my responsibility? And how do I decide which is a better alternative from an environmental point of view? Who should I trust when deciding on what action to take, and what opportunities do I need for acting?This multidisciplinary thesis takes the politicization of everyday household activities due to environmental consequences, and individualization of responsibility, as its starting points. These points make it increasingly important to understand what responsibility individuals experience, and how they act in accordance with these perceptions. The present thesis is a qualitative study with 28 Swedish households that concern how the householders express responsibility for the environment through their everyday activities, partly by claiming to be “environmentally conscious”, and how they attempt to exert political influence. The study contributes to the discussion on the wide field of sustainable development and environmental politics. It deals specifically with the ways four Swedish municipalities (Gothenburg, Huddinge, Piteå and Växjö) attempt to influence what the householders do in the private sphere when it comes to implementing sustainable development, and what opportunities and they supply, and what expectations they have on householders. The study thereby discusses the possibility to interfere in the perceived private sphere, and different ways to participate politically.

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  • 43.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Review of Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity2009In: Transforming Anthropology, ISSN 1051-0559, E-ISSN 1548-7466, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 69-70Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Review of Globalisation: Studies in Anthropology2008In: Transforming Anthropology, ISSN 1051-0559, E-ISSN 1548-7466, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 184-185Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Review of Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina. Susann Ullberg. Sweden, Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013.2013In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 236-237Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 46.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The challenge for deliberative democracy – where do we find the environmental citizen and how does she participate?2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental citizen takes responsibility for the impact her actions cause and has the right to demand a healthy environment. This is a theoretical ideal that has to find empirical support. When most environmental problems are cross-boundary they are not only complex, but also imply that the consequences and responsibilities are difficult to discern.

    The present paper departs from an empirical case study in Swedish households where their everyday and environmentally friendly activities where in focus. In the material various examples stand out as interesting in order to discuss the theoretical ideal (and implicit assumptions) of the environmental citizenship, democratic participation and responsibility through everyday activities.

  • 47.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The distribution of environmental responsibility through consumerism2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation I connect the way Swedes construct and distributes responsibility for the environment with the ways that Argentinean socioenvironmental asambleas construct and distribute responsibility. The presentation deals with different ways to act on what you know and are conscious about, what is commonly called environmental consciousness. The analysis forms part of the post-doc project that I am working on.

  • 48.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    The enlightened citizen in Swedish households2005In: Nordic Conference on Environmental Social Science,2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The materiality of implementing policies for sustainable development in municipalities2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The What, Who, and How of Ecological Action Space2012In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This text presents an analytical concept which is aimed at analysis of the construction of environmental responsibility—ecological action space. The concept makes it possible to analyze what environmental activities householders perform, who takes on the environmental responsibility, and how they motivate and justify everyday practices in relation to other actors. The concept builds on structuration theory, and is useful in studies of sustainable development in everyday life, and in investigations about how actors perceive their role in creating and solving environmental problems, and what actions they take in light of this. The concept should be used for empirical rather than normative studies. Relevant questions for a study about ecological action space are: What activities are considered environmentally friendly? How do the actors conceive of their opportunities to act in environmentally friendly ways and what constraints do they express? These questions are relevant not just for outspoken activists. When promoting increased participation, it is valuable to discuss when, where and how people are expected to get involved.

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