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  • 1.
    Ahlroth, Sofia
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI).
    Finnveden, Göran
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hochschorner, Elisabeth
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Weighting and valuation in selected environmental systems analysis tools - suggestions for further developments2011Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 19, nr 2-3, s. 145-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In environmental systems analysis tools like Life Cycle Assessment, strategic environmental assessment, cost–benefit analysis and environmental management systems, results need to be presented in a comprehensible way to make alternatives easily comparable. One way of doing this is to aggregate results to a manageable set by using weighting methods. In this paper, we explore how weighting methods are used in some selected Environmental Systems Analysis Tools (ESATs), and suggest possible developments of their use. We examine the differences in current use patterns, discuss the reasons for and implications of such differences, and investigate whether observed differences in use are necessary. The result of our survey shows that weighting and valuation is broadly used in the examined ESATs. The use of weighting/valuation methods is different in different tools, but these differences are not always related to the application; rather, they are related to traditions and views on valuation and weighting. Also, although the requirements on the weights/values may differ between tools, there are intersections where they coincide. Monetary weights, using either endpoint or midpoint methods, are found to be useful in all the selected tools. Furthermore, the inventory shows that that there is a common need for generic sets of weights. There is a need for further research focusing on the development of consistent value sets derived with a wide range of methods. In parallel to the development of weighting methods it is important with critical evaluations of the weighting sets with regard to scientific quality, consistency and data gaps.

  • 2.
    Almgren, Richard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hantering av produkters miljöaspekter i miljöledningssystem2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Almgren, Richard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Axelsson, Ulrik
    IVL.
    Effektivare miljöledningssystem - en studie om brister, behov och möjligheter till förbättring.2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Börjesson, Berit
    Altea AB, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Joint EMS and group certification: a cost-effective route for SMEs to achieve ISO 140011999Inngår i: Greener Management International, ISSN 0966-9671, Vol. 28, s. 23-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important group from an environmental point of view and they also have environmental requirements - including environmental management systems (EMSs) - imposed on them by larger companies. At Hackefors Industrial District in Sweden, 30 SMEs are co-operating on environmental issues; they have formed a network and established a joint EMS in accordance with ISO 14001. This is a unique strategy for the implementation of EMSs by SMEs. In this paper the EMS model used at Hackefors is presented and the resulting cost savings are analysed. Environmental improvements are also discussed briefly. It can be concluded that, by networking and implementing a joint EMS, the SMEs (mostly small and 'micro' enterprises) at Hackefors have established a rational and cost-effective solution that has facilitated both the implementation and maintenance of EMSs. Although the EMSs have only recently been certified, many environmental and commercial improvements have already been observed. Many of the companies have received positive responses from their customers and believe that the EMS improves their ability to obtain contracts relating to sales of products and/or services. Furthermore, the companies at Hackefors believe that having an EMS based on ISO 14001 results in positive commercial and environmental effects.

  • 5.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Miljöteknik: För en hållbar utveckling2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hjelm, OlofLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Miljöteknik: för en hållbar utveckling2023Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utmaningarna inom miljöområdet är stora och inte minst industrin arbetar intensivt med sin omställning för att både minska sin negativa miljöpåverkan och ta fram lösningar som bidrar till ett gott liv för alla. Boken behandlar möjligheterna att vända miljöproblem till möjligheter genom miljöteknik...[Bokinfo]

  • 7.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The connection between environmental management systems and continual environmental performance improvements2002Inngår i: Corporate Environmental Strategy, ISSN 1066-7938, E-ISSN 1873-6912, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 183-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the connection between standardized environmental management systems and environmental performance, based on a case study. By comparing the environmental reviews for a group of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) before and two years after their EMS implementation, we try to show how the environmental performance of these firms has developed and draw some conclusions regarding the connection between standardized EMSs and environmental performance in general.

    The case study illuminates some central aspects of ISO 14001's requirement of continual improvement. Taken together with the literature on this issue, it is clear that in practice a set of indicators are established and monitored, indicators concerning operations as well as management efforts. Hence, the selection of indicators is crucial. External environmental auditors should compare the development of these indicators and determine if an improvement has occurred or not. Naturally, this judgement by auditors is very important and difficult. The situation is very similar to the weighting step recognized as a problem in life cycle analysis, but the use of indicators for management efforts adds an additional dimension to this already intricate problem.

  • 8.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Tracing business and environmental effects of environmental management systems: a study of networking small and medium-sized enterprises using a joint environmental management system2003Inngår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 163-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Hackefors Industrial District in Sweden, 26 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have formed an environmental network and implemented a joint environmental management system (EMS) according to ISO 14001. Based on interviews with the environmental co-ordinators at these enterprises, the effects on business and environmental efforts and impacts are analysed.

    It can be concluded that the joint EMS has resulted in better relations with important stakeholders, such as existing and potential customers. For example, three-fifths said that their EMS had made it easier to receive a contract for the sale of products and services. Several environmental improvements have been observed and are presented in the paper, many of which are considered as consequences of the EMSs. Moreover, based on observations during the study, this paper discusses how boundaries and screening affect the connection between EMSs and environmental performance.

  • 9.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Thuresson, Leif
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ivner, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Miljöteknik: för en hållbar utveckling2011 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thuresson, Leif
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Globala miljöproblem2023Inngår i: Miljöteknik: för en hållbar utveckling / [ed] Jonas Ammenberg, Olof Hjelm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, Vol. Sidorna 39-70, s. 39-70Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel beskrivs några betydande miljöproblem av global karaktär. Det handlar närmare bestämt om klimatförändringar, uttunning av ozonskiktet, minskad biologisk mångfald och användning av naturresurser. Syftet är att du som läsare bättre ska förstå vad som kännetecknar problemen, vad i samhället som orsakar dem, rådande trender och möjliga åtgärder.

  • 11.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Wik, Gunnar
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Auditing external environmental auditors: investigating how ISO 14001 is interpreted and applied in reality2001Inngår i: Eco-Management and Auditing, ISSN 0968-9427, E-ISSN 1099-0925, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 183-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ISO 14001 standard leaves a lot to be interpreted by its users. As the standard is growing in popularity the external environmental auditors are becoming key players in the environmental arena. Through interpretations, they form the linkage between the standard document and its application in reality.

    This study is based on interviews conducted with auditors representing all nine certification bodies in Sweden and at the board that accredits these firms. The paper presents how auditors interpret and apply central requirements of ISO 14001, with the aim to illuminate important issues from an environmental point of view.

    It can be concluded that many important requirements are interpreted differently. There are disagreements regarding what criteria are approved when determining which environmental aspects are significant. Further on, the standard's requirement for continual improvement is normally transformed to improvements regarding a few ratios. The paper, amongst other issues, also deals with auditors' competence, their objectivity and their opinions about the efforts of certified organizations.

  • 12.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Support your future today: enhancing sustainable transitions by experimenting at academic conferences2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Major societal changes which challenge societal functions and actors activities are needed to enhance sustainable development. Thus sustainable transitions research emphasizes co-evolutionary approaches involving a multitude of actors including the business sector, the government, and academia. Academic research can catalyse sustainable transitions by critically analyse current societal trends to develop and disseminate new knowledge. At research conferences, researchers and practitioners meet to network and discuss recent research findings providing arenas for testing and evaluating ideas to enhance sustainable transitions. This however requires some modifications of the standard design of a research conference. Here we report learning outcomes from experimenting at the 18th international Greening of Industry Network conference during 21-24 October 2012 in Linkoping, Sweden. The conference was a combination of a traditional conference structure with different interactive elements such as sustainability jam-sessions to discuss future challenges of six companies and clusters of companies at their site. The intention of doing so was to enhance learning outcomes both for visiting conference delegates and among actors in the host region. This was perceived by the participants as an innovative approach fostering both problem solving and creation of new ideas. Four out of the six companies continued dialogues about sustainable production fields or bio-refineries with Linkoping University. In addition we introduce and summarize research findings presented at the conference which were further developed into research articles. The essence of these articles covers sustainable industry management; cleaner production; industrial ecology; cooperation between industry, governments and academics; dissemination of concepts and technologies; methods and tools for modelling and measuring of industrial symbiosis, CO2 performance and eco-efficiency.

  • 13.
    Carlsson, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sustainability Jam Sessions for vision creation and problem solving2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 29-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a concept for creating arenas where expertise from certain branches of industry can interact with sustainability professionals and researchers to address and solve sustainability challenges. The concept Sustainability Jam Session (SJS) builds upon the idea of conducting creative meetings between professionals in “jam sessions,” similar to those associated primarily with music and improvisation. Approaches such as these have been used in the IT sector over the past decades, but this is the first attempt to apply it in the area of sustainability. SJS's were tested at the 2012 Greening of Industry Network Conference (GIN2012) and here we report our experiences from arranging six SJS's at the conference.

    A typical process of an SJS includes a preparatory phase, the actual jam, and documentation and follow up. The preparatory phase mainly involves identifying hosts and topics to be addressed at the SJS, followed by attracting participants. The jam is started by an introduction of the topics, a technical visit (if appropriate), and a problem-solving workshop, ending with a wrap-up reporting. Thorough documentation is necessary for following up the results of the SJS and preparing for implementation of the identified solutions.

    We conclude that skill, structure, setting, and surrender of control, as well as finding “red and hot” topics for the jams are the key factors for successful SJS's.

    Based on our experiences from GIN2012, we recommend other research conferences in the sustainability field use SJS's if the intention is to boost the interaction between the conference and the host region or non-academic organizations in general. We also suggest that a similar approach can be used in regional development for creating an infrastructure for learning and transformation towards sustainability and initiatives for open innovation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14. Cherp, Aleh
    et al.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Strategic Environmental Assessment and Management in Local Authorities in Sweden2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 15.
    Eklind, Y.
    et al.
    Department of Soil Sciences, Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7014, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Kotheus, M.
    Kirchmann, H.
    Department of Soil Sciences, Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7014, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Formation of chloromethoxybenzaldehyde during composting of organic household waste2004Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 475-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardized household waste was mixed with different litter amendments, straw, leaves, hardwood shavings, softwood shavings, paper, and sphagnum peat, resulting in six compost mixtures. In addition non-amended household waste was composted. Composting was done in small rotatable bins and compost samples were taken on a regular basis until day 590. Extraction and analysis of wet compost samples showed no evidence for the presence of chloroorganic compounds. Drying and re-wetting of compost samples, however, revealed that chloromethoxybenzaldehyde (CMBA) was formed in all composts at concentrations varying between 5.6 and 73.4 µgkg-1 dry matter. CMBA was not present in the original materials. During composting, there was a clear positive relation between formation of CMBA and microbial activity, as indicated by C losses and temperature. Formation took place during the most intensive phase of composting when C losses were highest. Under anaerobic conditions, however, which prevailed initially in the non-amended compost, no CMBA was formed. Calculation of total amounts of CMBA in composts revealed that there was a small decrease during storage in the hardwood, peat, and softwood composts. However, all composts contained CMBA after 590 days. The mean concentration was 33.4 µgkg-1 dry matter (s.d.=21.9). Possible biocidal effects of composts when used in cultivation may be explainable by the presence of natural toxic compounds formed during composting. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 16.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Miljöteknik i Linköping - Inventering av företag och förslag på åtgärder för utveckling2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Jonsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Miljöteknik i Norrköping - Inventering av företag och förslag på åtgärder för utveckling2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 18.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Att hantera indirekt miljöpåverkan av kommunal verksamhet - Ett arbetsnotat om hur några svenska kommuner ser på hantering av indirekt miljöpåverkan i deras miljöledningssystem. LiTH-IKP-R-13602004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Development of the Use of Standardised Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) in Local Authorities2005Inngår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 144-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Local authorities have used EMSs to structure their environmental efforts for some time now, and this paper studies the development over time of the use of EMSs in some Swedish local authorities. The analyses depart from three development indicators: dissemination of the EMS work, the progress in the EMS cycle and the use of EMS standards. The results show that EMSs are more widely used within the local authorities today compared with a few years ago. Before, it was mainly the technical sector that was subject to EMS implementation, but today there is a stronger emphasis on the successfulness of EMS implementation in departments within the soft sector. The study also shows that local authorities have shifted from using ISO 14001 and/or EMAS to using less formal, often locally adapted and designed standards. The paper concludes by discussing the usefulness of standards for EMS implementation in local authorities.

  • 20.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Different Approaches to Standardized Environmental Management Systems in Local Authorities - Two Case Studies in Gothenburg and Newcastle2004Inngår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 48-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Local authorities have shown an increased interest in committing to voluntary environmental commitment. This paper analyses the use of one of them, standardized environmental management systems (EMSs). It examines how local authorities approach EMS implementation, using two case studies in two European cities, Newcastle City Council (UK) and Gothenburg City Council (Sweden). The research departs from four research topics: drivers; strategy for EMS implementation; integration, dissemination and acceptance; future development of the EMS work. The case study cities' EMS approaches are analysed starting from the three pillars of institutions: the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive. The analyses reveal that both Newcastle and Gothenburg mainly use a normative approach to EMS implementation; however, there is a regulative inclination in Newcastle's approach. It has also been noted that there is a difference between the standards (e.g. ISO 14001 and EMAS) and the actual use of the standards. The standards are fairly regulative while the application of the standards varies from organization to organization.

  • 21.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    From Environmental Management Systems to Sustainability Managenment Systems in Swedish Local Authorities2008Inngår i: Facilitating Sustainable Innovations: Sustainable Innovation as a Tool for Regional Development,2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Implementation of Standardised Environmental Management Systems in Swedish Local Authorities; reasons, expectations and some outcomes2002Inngår i: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, Vol. 5, nr 6, s. 443-448Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental issues have become increasingly important in Swedish local authorities during the last decade. This has been shown as almost half of the local authorities are implementing environmental management systems (EMSs) in their organisations as a voluntary commitment to improve their environmental efforts. In the autumn 2000, a national postal survey to learn more about EMS implementation in Swedish local authorities was carried out. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reasons behind Swedish local authorities’ EMS implementation, what the local authorities expect EMS implementation to bring to their organisations, what environmentally related outcomes they have observed, and how the EMS work is co-ordinated. Although Swedish local authorities often have ambitious plans for EMS implementation, few resources are allocated for this purpose, which means, in fact, that EMS implementation is not a high priority. Our study showed that the chief reason for implementing EMSs was of organisational origin (such as bringing order to the environmental efforts), although EMS implementation is often viewed as an environmental project. This paper also discusses the problems surrounding the fact that EMSs are viewed as projects and not as continuous processes that are integrated into the organisation.

  • 23.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Managing indirect environmental impact within local authorities' standardized environmental management systems2007Inngår i: Local Environment, ISSN 1354-9839, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 73-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many local authorities use standardized environmental management systems (EMSs) to improve their environmental management. These authorities often find it difficult to manage environmental impact caused by their exercise of authority i.e. indirect environmental impact (IEI) within their EMSs. Since this is connected to their core activities, it is important to understand how IEI could be more efficiently managed with respect to EMS work. The purpose for this paper is to study if and how IEI could be managed within the framework of EMS. In this study we have identified two different approaches to managing IEI. Because managing IEI is complex, it is often ignored when initiating EMSs or managed by explicitly avoid mentioning the concept. Managing IEI is seen as a matter of maturity within the organization. The paper concludes with a discussion regarding a developed definition of IEI and how management of IEI could be facilitated.

  • 24.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Mapping Environmental Management Systems Initiatives in Swedish Local authorities - a national survey2002Inngår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, E-ISSN 1535-3966, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 107-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nearly half of all Swedish local authorities use environmental management systems (EMSs) in their environmental work. This was shown in the postal survey that is the basis for this paper. The survey was conducted in September 2000 among all 289 local authorities in Sweden, generating an 81% return rate. It was performed in order to gain an understanding of how common it is to implement EMSs in local authorities, how far in the EMS process they have come and what organizations are objects of EMS implementation. It proved to be primarily the technical organizations that have adopted this kind of work and it is most common that these kinds of organization use a third party validation. ISO 14001 is the most frequently used standard but, in general, standards are used only as guidelines when designing EMSs, which means that certification/registration is not an overall objective among Swedish local authorities.

  • 25.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Miljöledningssystem och miljöhänsyn i fysisk planering - arbetsnotat från fallstudier i sex svenska kommuner2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 26.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Sammanställning av telefonintervjuer om några kommuners arbete med miljöledningssystem - arbetsnotat2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Towards sustainability management systems in three Swedish local authorities2009Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 14, nr 8, s. 721-732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the development towards sustainability management systems (SMSs) in three Swedish local authorities. Many local authorities have extensive experience in using standardised Environmental Management Systems (EMSs). Recently EMSs have extended their reach by widening the scope of the systems including other dimensions of sustainable development. Case studies have been performed in three of the most EMS-experienced local authorities in Sweden. These authorities have extended their EMSs into a sustainability management approach in different ways. This paper discusses the development, possible contributions, and constraints with this development. Expanding EMSs into SMSs can be seen as a learning process in which a larger systems perspective leads to increased awareness that the management system becomes limited by only managing environmental issues. Expanding the EMSs into SMSs may lead to a more complete view of the organisation's total impact on nature and society, and issues that need to be managed.

  • 28.
    Englund, Andreas
    et al.
    Innovatum Technology Park.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Market barriers for environmental innovations2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes market barriers experienced by Swedish innovators in start-up companies early in the process of bringing environmental innovations to the market. The studied innovators are mainly active in a business-to-business market that often involves capital-intensive industry sectors and large companies are seen as important customers. Most of the market barriers identified can be related to customer relations. The innovators experience their customers’ negative attitudes and unwillingness to try new technologies as major barriers. Furthermore, they perceived their customers to be conservative and reluctant to take risks. These barriers may be relevant in most innovation developments although they may be more articulated for environmental innovations since such innovations mostly evolve in emerging industries and since capital-intensive industry sectors dominate the area. Measures to stimulate diffusion of environmental innovation are discussed, including ways to encourage customers to test new technologies and to see the adoption of the innovation as worth the perceived risks.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Gustafsson (Emilsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Allt eller inget?: om kommunens roll i det hållbara lokalsamhället2010Inngår i: Samtal pågår...: från forskare till politiker och tjänstemän i kommuner / [ed] Tora Friberg, Sabrina Thelander, Norrköping: Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier, Linköpings universitet , 2010, 1, s. 59-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Är det bättre med stora än med små kommuner? Kommer folkrörelsepartierna att bli mer kampanj- och väljarorienterade i framtiden? Hur formas en boendepolitik för det goda åldrandet? Lokala transportstrategier – hur och för vem? Hur påverkas kommunledningars samverkan om gymnasieskolan av att det finns friskolor? Är kulturekonomi framtidens lokala tillväxtmotor?</p><p>Dessa och andra frågor behandlas i denna bok. Den är ett led i Centrum för kommunstrategiska studiers, CKS, arbete med att bygga en dialog – utveckla goda samtal – mellan Linköpings universitet och medlemskommunerna i CKS. Den innehåller fjorton olika artiklar, inlägg, som forskare författat för att förmedla sina resultat, men också för att stärka en dialog med politiker och tjänstemän i kommunerna. Inläggen spänner över många olika ämnen och frågeställningar. De är i vissa fall konkreta och koncisa i andra fall beskrivande och reflekterande. Alla är de av kommunstrategisk karaktär.</p><p>I en kommun fattas en mängd olika politiska beslut kring de mest skiftande ämnen. Det kräver kunskap, reflektion och gedigna beslutsunderlag. Då kan forskares analyser och kunskapsproduktion vara till nytta. För att en fördjupad och samhällsrelevant forskning ska komma till stånd behövs emellertid reaktioner från politiker och tjänstemän. Det finns alltså ett ömsesidigt beroende. Det kan hanteras genom samtal i vilka forskare, politiker och tjänstemän kan utbyta erfarenheter, tankar och kunskaper. Inläggen i denna bok visar att samtal pågår.

  • 30.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Mapping environmental management system initiatives in Swedish Local authorities: a national survey2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Gustafsson (f.d. Emilsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Strategiskt och verkningsfullt?: Ledningsverktygs bidrag till kommuners hållbarhetsarbete2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommuner kan pekas ut som nyckelaktörer i arbetet för en mer hållbar utveckling. De verkar nära medborgarna och utgör en länk mellan medborgare och nationella/internationella myndigheter och aktörer. Vi har haft förmånen att under en tioårsperiod följa svenska kommuners arbete med att organisera och systematisera arbetet för ett mer hållbart lokalsamhälle. Under den tiden har vi sett en trend som innebär att det har blivit allt vanligare att kommuner tar på sig ansvar utöver det lagstadgade och arbetar mer proaktivt för ett hållbart lokalsamhälle. Det finns en uppsjö av verktyg som kommuner (och andra organisationer) kan använda för att få stöd i detta arbete. Många är förenklade och anpassade varianter av ISO 14001 och EMAS, som är internationellt accepterade verktyg, för att strukturera och systematisera miljöarbetet i en organisation.

    Den här rapporten är en syntes av de studier som vi har genomfört under det senaste decenniet. Det empiriska underlaget baseras främst på intervjuer (allt från fokusgruppintervjuer till telefonintervjuer), dokumentstudier och observationer. Rapporten syftar till att diskutera om och hur ledningsverktyg kan bidra till ett mer effektivt och verkningsfullt strategiskt miljö- och hållbarhetsarbete i kommuner. Centralt för syntesen har varit att reflektera över de verktyg som kommunerna väljer att använda, på vilket sätt verktygen används samt hur detta arbete integreras i den kommunala organisationen.

    Vår forskning tar sin utgångspunkt i miljöperspektivet i hållbar utveckling i och med att vi initialt studerade hur kommuner arbetar med att införa standardiserade miljöledningssystem. Vi har följt många kommuner från deras första, ofta trevande, försök till att införa miljöledningssystem till att de har ledningssystem som integrerar miljöperspektivet med de övriga perspektiven i hållbar utveckling. Denna utveckling beskriver vi i de tre utvecklingsfaserna: interna miljöledningssystem, mogna miljöledningssystem samt hållbarhetsledningssystem. Utvecklingen har gått från en ganska snäv systemsyn, både vad gäller innehåll och aktörer i systemen, till en vidare systemsyn där olika perspektiv och flera aktörer involveras. Ett internt miljöledningssystem kännetecknas bland annat av att det främst är miljöexperterna i organisationen som är involverade, att miljöledningen sker särkopplat från verksamhetsstyrningen och att kommunerna ofta väljer att begränsa detta arbete till de tekniska förvaltningarna. I ett moget miljöledningssystem har miljöledningsarbetet en mer central roll i organisationen där de flesta verksamheter och de flesta anställda är involverade. Ett moget miljöledningssystem innebär också att kommunen har en större kunskap om vilket angreppssätt som passar de lokala förutsättningarna. Det resulterar ofta i lokalt utarbetade modeller för hur miljöledningssystemsarbetet ska organiseras och implementeras. Många kommuner inser efter en tid att det är svårt att hantera miljöfrågan i ett separat system som är skiljt från den övriga styrningen och flera upplever att de andra perspektiven i hållbar utveckling borde kunna hanteras med samma systematik som miljöfrågorna. Därför har det blivit allt vanligare att kommuners miljöledningssystem utvecklats till hållbarhetsledningssystem. Dessa har liknande egenskaper som ett moget miljöledningssystem vad gäller intern spridning och position, men det omfattar alla tre perspektiven i hållbar utveckling och bygger på en bredare samverkan där även externa intressenter är inkluderade.

    En av rapportens viktigaste slutsatser är att det är svårt för kommuner att styra i riktning mot en mer hållbar utveckling. En anledning till det är begreppet ”hållbar utvecklings” komplexitet. Det är ett begrepp som har visat sig ha olika innebörd för olika aktörer. Verksamhetsstyrning utgår från att man har tydliga mål och om man vill styra för en mer hållbar utveckling är det viktigt att ha en viss samsyn kring vad det är man vill uppnå. Ett sätt att underlätta införandet av ett miljö- och hållbarhetsledningssystem är att utgå från de strukturer och ansvarsposter som redan existerar i organisationen samt att utforma ett arbetssätt som är anpassat till dem som ska använda det. Annars riskerar ledningssystemet att bli en hyllvärmare, som inte får något genomslag i det praktiska arbetet, och som därmed begränsas i verkningsfullhet. Vi tror att ledningsverktyg kan bidra med struktur och inspiration för kommuners arbete med att organisera och systematisera sitt miljö- och hållbarhetsarbete, men det är viktigt att kommunerna reflekterar över varför de gör den här typen av insats samt om dessa gör nytta i förhållande till kommunens huvudprocesser.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Strategiskt och verkningsfullt?: Ledningsverktygs bidrag till kommuners hållbarhetsarbete
  • 32.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Päivärinne, Sofia
    ÅF infrastructure, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Strategic spatial planning -a missed opportunity to facilitate district heating systems based on excess heat2019Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 27, nr 9, s. 1709-1726Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic spatial planning is important for developing long-termvisions and strategies towards regional and local sustainability.This paper explores if and how strategic spatial planning could beuseful for overcoming some barriers related to new sustainableways of heating residential areas, using district heating systemsbased on industrial excess heat. This longitudinal study builds oninterviews with municipal and private actors in six Swedishmunicipalities. It highlights that important barriers can beovercome by influencing the design and location of residentialdistricts and industrial activities. Further, it identifies missedopportunities in local spatial planning practice as stakeholders areinvolved late in the planning when much is set, leaving littlespace for stakeholders to have an impact. Consequently, theremight be a lack of knowledge and expertise in how such issuescould enhance planning. Strategic spatial planning could facilitateconditions for excess heat-based systems of district heating as itimplies a broader systems perspective which could enhance abroader planning scope. Plan programs could bring about morestrategic spatial planning processes as these require earlystakeholder involvement. If taking stakeholder involvement onestep further to stakeholder collaboration or co-production, aneven broader planning scope would be achieved.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Halvarsson Lundqvist, Agneta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Grön omställning i svenska tillverkningsföretag: En interaktiv förstudie av omställningsprogram för små och medelstora företag2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar hur grön omställning i små och medelstora företag inom svensk tillverkningsindustri kan påskyndas. Utgångspunkten är att dessa företag behöver öka sin kunskap om hur hållbarhetsfrågor kommer påverka deras verksamhet och framtida konkurrenskraft och utifrån denna kunskap genomföra ett omställningsarbete. För att underlätta denna gröna omställning bedrivs ett stort antal satsningar ofta finansierade av offentliga myndigheter såsom den svenska innovationsmyndigheten Vinnova. Rapporten utgör en del av en förstudie tillika följeforskningsprojekt, benämnt IFGO (interaktiv forskning för grön omställning), och inriktas mot fem VINNOVA-finansierade program/projekt som avser att utveckla metoder för, samt stödja den gröna omställningen hos huvudsakligen små och medelstora tillverkande industriföretag. 

    Syftet med denna rapport är att förmedla kunskap om program för att stödja grön omställning i svensk tillverkningsindustri och vidareutveckla denna kunskap, samt att kategorisera ett urval av sådana program som finansierats av Vinnova.  

    Förstudien resulterade i sex slutsatser vilka bedöms ha avgörande betydelse för en storskalig och verkningsfull stöttning av små och medelstora tillverkande företags gröna omställning. Flertalet av slutsatserna kan vara brett tillämpbara för hela näringslivet. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 34.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Advantage Eco-design - A partnership for promoting ecodesign activities in small companies2004Inngår i: Partnership for Sustainable Development,2004, 2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates a project that promotes eco-design activities in small companies. Small companies have special needs when it comes to eco-design. Here I present a way of working that uses partnerships between small companies, authorities, consultants, and universities to promote such activities. The project addresses two connected parts: training and network activities as well as individual product development at each company. At the start, the companies were given advice about environmental work, eco-design, and life-cycle thinking. Before starting the eco-design activities, the project actively tried to find the right resources (consultants) needed for each company. The product development activities greatly differed between companies, depending on the type of project and the ambitions of the companies. After some time, we had more network meetings that included training, exchange of experience during the individual project work, and site-visits at companies in the project. The project was finalised by an official exhibition where the companies displayed new products or product ideas developed in the project. With support from the project, four companies developed a new generation of an existing product and introduced it on the market, one developed new concepts to be used in further development, two made initial work and changes on existing products, and finally one company developed a design tool to be used in coming eco-design-activities. These examples are now used for marketing eco-design activities in the work with regional economic development. This paper describes the network of actors, way of working, and outcomes of -Advantage Ecodesign-. In addition, the paper discusses how good examples can be used in the regional economic development and the importance of creating good partnerships to build a platform for continuous eco-design activities in small companies.

  • 35.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Organohalogens in coniferous forest soil1996Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on naturally produced organohalogens in soil. It was long assumed that organohalogens found in the environment were mainly of anthropogenic origin, but recent research has shown that large amounts of naturally produced organohalogens are stored in terrestrial environments. The present study show that halogens are natural constituents of soil organic matter and that an in situ production takes place in soil. Moreover, it is strongly indicated that this production is related to decomposition of organic matter and that fungi generally produce organohalogens during degradation of organic matter. Together, these findings infer that degradation of organic matter is a key process in the formation of organically bound halogens in terrestrial ecosystems. Evidence is also presented that supports the hypothesis that halometabolite production is a source of the organohalogens found in soil, but the relative contribution from this and other potential sources remains to be elucidated.

    The investigations of the present thesis were limited to coniferous forest soil, and the intention was to examine soil under natural conditions, thus emphasis was placed on field studies. However, since soil in itself is a complex system, laboratory studies were performed to examine aspects not easily observed in the field. The distribution of organohalogens and organic matter at different depths in a soil profile was investigated. The results indicated that organohalogens were produced in the top soil, hence subsequent studies were focused on top soils, in particular the litter layer.

    Changes in the total amount of organohalogens during decomposition of organic matter in top soil was studied by employing the conventional litter bag technique. Furthermore, experiments were conducted that focused on organisms that degrade organic matter. The fungus Lepista nuda was used as a representative of litter degrading fungi, and investigations were conducted both as field studies of a fairy ring formed by this fungus and as laboratory studies under controlled conditions. Furthermore, the ability of white-rot fungi to produce organohalogens while decomposing wood was examined under laboratory conditions. The chemical analytical methods primarily used were GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ) and GC-AED (gas chromatography-atomic emission detection).

  • 36.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The SIMPLE methodology for supporting innovations in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency2011Inngår i: World Renewable Energy Congress – Sweden, 8–13 May, 2011, Linköping, Sweden: Volume 10: Policy Issues / [ed] Moshfegh, Bahram, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I present my experiences stimulating development of new products and services in small companies in the environmental arena. The focus on small companies is justified since many new innovations originate from such companies and they often have special needs compared to larger companies. In the region of Östergötland Sweden, we have developed a model called SIMPLE (Successful implementation of eco-design in small enterprises) to support small companies’ environmental innovations. SIMPLE uses the Triple Helix approach. Triple Helix is often used to describe the interaction between university, government, and industry to promote innovation by building on active participation and interaction between regional actors. In short, the SIMPLE methodology uses coaching, network activities and education, and financial support to encourage development of new ideas. Three cases are presented to illustrate the diversity of innovations that can be supported using the SIMPLE methodology. Observations suggest that individual company’s needs must be the main concern of any methodology and networks can significantly stimulate individuals and organizations to speed up the development process and time to market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Utvärdering av Norrköpings kommuns lokala investeringsprogram för ekologisk hållbarhet 2001-2003; Avfall i kretslopp2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Varför finns miljöproblem?2023Inngår i: Miljöteknik: för en hållbar utveckling / [ed] Jonas Ammenberg, Olof Hjelm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, 2, Vol. Sidorna 33-36, s. 33-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet introduceras begreppet miljöproblem. Vidare berörs flera viktiga globala utvecklingstrender som ligger bakom problembilden. Tanken är att bidra med information som underlättar förståelsen av kommande kapitel.

  • 39.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Emilsson (Gustafsson), Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Utvärdering av Linköpings kommuns lokala investeringsprogram för ekologisk hållbarhet, LIP22005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvärdering av kommunens lokala investeringsprogram för ekologisk hållbarhet 2001-2005

  • 40.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Finnveden, Göran
    FMS KTH.
    Wadeskog, Anders
    Miljöräkenskaperna SCB.
    Ekvall, Tomas
    Inst.för energi och miljö Chalmers.
    Engström, Rebecka
    Energimyndigheten.
    Palm, Viveka
    Miljöräkenskaperna SCB.
    Miljödata för produktgrupper - användning av Input-Output-analyser i miljösystemanalytiska verktyg2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Cherp, Aleh
    The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University, Lund.
    From tool technique to tool practice: Experiences from the project SEAMLESS: Strategic Environmental Assessment and Management in Local authoritiES in Sweden.2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains the results from the project SEAMLESS, Strategic Environmental Assessment and Management in Local authoritiES in Sweden. The aim of SEAMLESS was to explore conceptual foundations as well as feasibility of establishing better operational and methodological linkages between tools for strategic environmental planning, assessment and management, especially between SEA (according to the EG directive 2001/42/EC and EMS based on the main principles of ISO 14001/EMAS) in local authorities. The rationale for the study was that local authorities are important actors on the environmental arena, which make and implement a large number of decisions directly and indirectly affecting the environment. A multitude of different systems and tools have been developed to support environmental management at local authorities and an integrated use of different tools can have various benefits.

    The SEAMLESS project has been realized through five main steps. First, a literature review and a survey of international practice were performed. Second, in parallel to the first step, an initial conceptual framework was constructed. The third step in the research process was to carry out case studies in six selected Swedish local authorities in order get a better understanding of how SEA and EMS are dealt with in practice. In the fourth step, the results from the previous steps in the research process were compiled and analyzed in order to develop and conduct a pilot study. Finally in the fifth step, general recommendations for integrated use of strategic planning, assessment and management tools were formulated.

    Theoretically, local sustainable development strategies could benefit from having influence from some of the main approaches and principles in SEA and EMS methodologies. Achieving this in practice, however, is a challenge that requires a wide systems perspective and a certain degree of maturity in the organization. At the time of SEAMLESS an integrated approach of SEA and EMS was not possible nor asked for by the studied local authorities.

    The SEAMLESS project’s core concepts tool technique and tool practice were used for explaining and analyzing the preconditions, possibilities and difficulties in integrating SEA and EMS. Tool technique addresses the more technical aspects of the tools use and integration, neglecting the context in which it is to be used. Applying a tool technique perspective there are several possible linkages between the studied tools that could enhance each tool, e.g. widening the scope of EMS and facilitating follow up of SEA. It is important to understand the context, since it influences the feasibility of tool integration; therefore a tool practice perspective is needed.

    Furthermore tool integration is another important concept in the SEAMLESS project, where three different stages of integration were identified: formal integration, learning integration and interactive integration. A too strong focus on formal integration (which is closely connected to tool technique) might lead to that potential linkages are not realized. To make such integration possible the focus should be more on learning integration. Interactive integration is hard to achieve and it can be questioned if it is desired. Too much focus on interactive integration might lead to complex resource demanding tool causing ineffectiveness and tool fatigue.

    The SEAMLESS project resulted in a set of recommendations based on that integration should not be seen as a goal in itself; that attempts of tool integration should focus on bridging the different professional cultures; and that a wide systems perspective is needed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansson, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Production of organically bound halogens by the litter-degrading fungus Lepista nuda1999Inngår i: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, ISSN 0038-0717, E-ISSN 1879-3428, Vol. 31, nr 11, s. 1510-1515Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability of Lepista nuda to produce organically bound halogens was tested both in a laboratory study of a pure culture and in a field study. It was found that L. nuda caused an increase in the total amount of organically bound halogens in the study of a pure culture, but possibly because of large variance between replicates, no such increase could be detected in the field study. In addition, in both the laboratory and the field studies, low-molecular-weight organohalogens such as chlorinated benzaldehydes were detected in all samples affected by the fungus and the amounts were 0.2–82 μg/g d.w. These low-molecular-weight compounds correspond to approximately 30% of the increase in organohalogens detected in the laboratory study. It is suggested that the low-molecular-weight organohalogens detected, most likely are produced de novo by L. nuda and that production of such compounds followed by an incorporation into high-molecular-weight compounds is an explanation for the increase in amounts in the laboratory study.

  • 43.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Nyquist, Josefin
    Rehnmark, Henric
    Regional Environmental Technology Centres in Sweden, organization and working procedures2008Inngår i: Facilitating Sustainable Innovations: Sustainable Innovation as a Tool for Regional Development,2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Hjelm, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Rennie, A.E.W
    Lambert, C.G
    Baker, N.J.
    A transnational approach to the implementation of eco-design methodologies in SMEs2007Inngår i: 5th International Conference on Design and Manufacture for Sustainable Development,2007, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Hojer, M.
    et al.
    Höjer, M., Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahlroth, S.
    Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dreborg, K.-H.
    Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekvall, T.
    Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, PO Box 5302, SE-400 14 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Finnveden, G.
    Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hochschorner, E.
    Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, M.
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Kräftriket 2B, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Palm, V.
    Environmental Accounts, Statistics Sweden, Box 24300, SE-104 51 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Scenarios in selected tools for environmental systems analysis2008Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 16, nr 18, s. 1958-1970Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of different tools for analysing environmental impacts of different systems have been developed. These include procedural tools such as strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and environmental management systems (EMS) as well as analytical ones such as life cycle assessment (LCA), life cycle costing (LCC), cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and the system of economic and environmental accounts (SEEA) including input-output analysis (IOA). Descriptions or scenarios of the future are typically relevant elements in these tools, since they are often used to describe impacts in the future. For futures studies a number of different approaches and techniques have been developed. In an earlier paper we have presented a typology of different types of scenarios that respond to different types of questions. These include predictive scenarios, explorative scenarios and normative scenarios. The aim of this paper is to explore connections between selected tools for environmental systems analysis and different scenario types. Although there is a clear need for futures studies in several tools for environmental systems analysis, it is interesting to note that the literature on methodologies for and case studies of combinations of futures studies and environmental systems analysis tools is rather limited. This suggests that there is a need for further research in this area including both methodology and practical case studies. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 46.
    Ivner, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Volition and Environmental Assessment in Swedish Municipal Energy Plans2009Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several policy instruments for managing energy systems at the local level, for municipal energy planning, which is a means for local authorities to manage the local energy system. This article analyses the municipal Energy Planning which has been required by Swedish law since 1997. Recent energy plans are compared with earlier plans. The aim is to see if recent energy plans are different and if the observed differences can be explained by the impact of external factors, for example other policy instruments.

    The results show that the both the scope of expressed volition and environmental assessments have changed substantially between the two sets of energy plans studied. Newer energy plans include more goals for transports and information, but fewer goals for environmental aspects. Environmental assessments are more commonly occurring in the newer plans, but focus to large extent on emissions of carbon dioxide and climate change. It is concluded that these differences can largely be explained by a rather weak legislation, which allows external factors to influence the energy planning process. It is further concluded that it is important to include environmental assessments in the energy planning process to avoid problem shifting. Such assessments must include more environmental consequences than simply the emissions of carbon dioxide.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Marvin, Henry
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Challenges of start-ups developing circular business models2023Inngår i: Proceedings of IDEAS 2022 - An InterdisciplinaryConference on Innovation, Design, Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Systems. / [ed] L. Pereira, P. Krus & M. Klofsten, Springer, 2023, s. 139-148Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy aims for an effective and efficient resource use. Thus, application of the concept can benefit the sustainability performance of companies. Specifically, business modelling is a key enabler for the transition to a circular economy. However, the related research is dominated by a focus on incumbent companies and their transition from linear to circular business models. This focus risks missing out on actors such as start-ups who can experiment with and develop potentially more radical circular business models. Thus, using interviews with 37 start-ups developing circular business models, we analyzed their characteristics and challenges. Our findings reveal that, such firms encounter general challenges related to circular business modelling and new venture development. Furthermore, such start-ups are often dependent on an ecosystem of actors to create, deliver and capture value based on circular principles. Thus, they encounter challenges to scale up their business based on their liabilities of smallness and dependency. Altogether, these challenges of “circular start-ups” call for a holistic approach to understanding their development process.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Clausen, Jens
    Hannover, Germany.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Functions of intermediaries in eco-innovation: a study of business development organizations and cluster initiatives in a Swedish and a German region2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Eco-innovation continues to gain support as a driving force for sustainable development. In this regard, pressing questions include how to stimulate the development, diffusion and use of eco-innovations. Often, firms engaged with eco-innovation need to connect to intermediary organizations (e.g. business development organizations, regional clusters, universities, financers, incubators) to get hold of necessary resources to tackle the challenges in the innovation process. This article analyses the functions of such intermediary organizations for eco-innovation by focusing on public–owned business development organizations and cluster initiatives in the Region Scania, Sweden and North Rhine Westphalia, Germany.  We synthesise at least eight functions of intermediaries for eco-innovation as: (i) forecasting and road mapping (ii) resource mobilization (iii) networking and partnerships (iv) commercialization (v) technical consulting (vi) information scanning and distribution (vii) sector branding and legitimation (viii) prototyping and piloting.  The support functions often take a “one-size-fits-all” approach with few initiatives particularly tailored for eco-innovations. This can be explained by the market complementarity roles of public intermediaries, their resource constraints and the cross-sectoral nature of eco-innovation. Even though, intermediary functions are often appreciated by clients and financers, it is often difficult to establish a causal relation between the support and eco-innovation outcomes, a challenge which undermines the existence of intermediaries themselves. Despite these challenges, potential good practices point to a mix between general “one-size-fits-all” and tailored support activities for different types of eco-innovations and firms. Furthermore, interaction between various types of intermediaries is important since there are often numerous actors and initiatives working with eco-innovation which can confuse firms. When it comes to stimulating radical eco-innovations, a proactive approach to intermediation is particularly important. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Kanda et al.,2015b
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Poster
  • 49.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    del Río, Pablo
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A technological innovation systems approach to analyse the roles of intermediaries in eco-innovation2019Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 227, s. 1136-1148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on intermediaries faces challenges regarding how to conceptualise and empirically demonstrate the system-level impact of intermediaries. Thus, researchers and policy analysts may experience difficulties in grasping the potential contributions of intermediaries beyond individual projects and firms to aggregate levels of an innovation system. This article combines innovation intermediary and technological innovation systems literature to develop fundamentals of an approach for analysing how organisations acting as intermediaries support firms in eco-innovation and potentially contribute to technological innovation system functions. The operationalisation of the analytical approach is illustrated using case studies on a total of eight support organisations acting as intermediaries in the region of Scania, Sweden and North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. For researchers and policy analysts, the analytical approach presented in this article offers the opportunity for a step-by-step, comprehensive and transparent analysis of different types of intermediaries, their roles, and potential contributions to innovation system functions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Geissdoerfer, Martin
    Circular Economy Centre, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    From circular business models to circular business ecosystems2021Inngår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 30, nr 6, s. 2814-2829Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy aims to minimize resource inputs and waste and emission outputs of the economy and its organizational subsystems. This can benefit both financial and sustainability performance of companies. To analyze industrial implementation of the concept, the prevalent unit of analysis on the firm level is currently the circular business model. Our investigation of nine Swedish biogas companies and one branch organization indicates a range of conceptual shortcomings that challenges this approach. Our comparative case analysis points towards circular ecosystems being a more appropriate concept to describe the high level of coordination between different stakeholders necessary to implement circular systems. This increases the suitability to analyze, plan, and communicate circular economy systems on an organizational level, especially if value chain integration is low. An ecosystem perspective can thus support innovation and entrepreneurship in the context of the circular economy.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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