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  • 1.
    Chen, Lujie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tang, Ou
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Applying GRI reports for the investigation of environmental management practices and company performance in Sweden, China and India2015In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, p. 36-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between environmental management practices (EMPs) and company performance hasrecently been debated in literature and is of interest for both industrial managers and political decisionmakers.This paper investigates the relationship between EMPs and firm performance in manufacturingcompanies in Sweden, China and India. With the content analysis of Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)reports and financial reports of sample companies, the levels of EMPs and the companies’ financialperformances were coded. Further statistical assessment was conducted in order to identify patterns andcorrelations. The results indicate that only selected EMPs have been employed differently in threedifferent countries. Most EMPs clearly do not have a positive correlation with the financial performance;i.e. employing EMPs does not necessarily improve the economic consequence of companies. Nevertheless,a number of EMPs do have a strong correlation with improving innovation performance in variouscompanies. It is also interesting to note that a negative correlation exists between the Environmentalstandard for suppliers and Sales growth. This is possibly due to increasing operational costs and a delay inmarket acceptance. This research illustrates the possibility of using standard environmental data fromGRI reports as a resource for future studies of EMPs. In order to improve long-term financial performance,this study also suggests that innovation should gain a substantial amount of attention when EMPsare employed.

  • 2.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Strategic Perspective on Plants in Manufacturing Networks2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation addresses the topic of manufacturing network strategies, with a particular focus on the plant perspective. Research on manufacturing networks aims at contributing decision support on how to set up and how to coordinate factories that act in a global setting. Manufacturing networks are networks consisting of wholly owned plant, as opposed to supply chains management where also plants belonging to other organisations are considered. Research on the role of the plant in manufacturing networks can help to gain insights in how the network works and how to achieve network-related competitive advantages. Over the last two decades there has been a trend in increased globalisation and when companies expand beyond their home markets there is a leap in complexity that needs to be handled. A survey of Swedish plants shows that a large majority of medium and large sized plants are part in some kind of manufacturing network, making research on such networks highly relevant.

    The overall objective of this dissertation is to investigate how factories fit into the network in terms of roles, strategic autonomy and market configurations. Much research has either focused on networks as a whole, often assuming similar or identical plants, or the focus has been on plant internal decision. This research addresses the borderland between plant and network. This dissertation addresses two research objectives. The first is to investigate the relationship between networks and plants roles with particular focus on Swedish based networks and plants and the second is to test and further develop the theory on plant roles.

    The empirical data that was used in the dissertation was the product of a mail survey and a case study at a manufacturer of heat exchangers. The survey was sent to 563 Swedish factories and included information on competitive priorities, processes, plant roles, performance, suppliers, risk as well as general product and company information. Using focus groups, the case company was followed from the start of the project in January 2006. Following the case company during five years gave the opportunity to study networks in transformation.

    The research contributed to several insights to the area of plant roles and manufacturing networks as well as to practitioners in manufacturing. Internal and external suppliers are handled differently in terms of selection criteria, which indicates different roles in the network. Detailed exploration of individual site competences has lead to an improved model based on competence themes and links between the plant level and the network level have been established. Additionally we contribute to the manufacturing strategy process area by investigating and suggesting a model for strategic decision autonomy in manufacturing networks. The results are aimed at providing guidance for decision making in manufacturing networks as well as providing an improved foundation for further research in the area.

    List of papers
    1. Designing and managing manufacturing networks: a survey of Swedish plants
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing and managing manufacturing networks: a survey of Swedish plants
    2009 (English)In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The design and management of the manufacturing network for a firm is an important factor for its competitive position. By manufacturing network we mean the plant or plants of a manufacturing firm and the relationships with external suppliers. The way that these operate together is crucial for supporting the competition of the products in the marketplace. This article presents the results of a survey of 106 Swedish manufacturing plants. We find that the markets and supply networks of Swedish plants are global, but there is a focus on Europe. The main reason for locating a plant in Sweden is proximity to skills and knowledge, and we find no pure low-cost plants. The overall level of site competence is very high. There are many significant differences between how internal and external suppliers are selected. The choice of internal suppliers, i.e. those suppliers in the manufacturing network that belong to the same firm, is to a large extent based on a single corporate decision reflecting quality and competence, while external suppliers are chosen based on quality, price and delivery dependability considerations. This study provides a broad analysis of the manufacturing networks in which Swedish plants operate, and the roles of these plants.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2009
    Keywords
    empirical analysis, operations management, supply chain management, survey research, Sweden
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17137 (URN)10.1080/09537280802705252 (DOI)000263561600002 ()
    Note

    This is an electronic version of an article published in:Andreas Feldmann, Jan Olhager and Fredrik Persson, Designing and managing manufacturing networks-a survey of Swedish plants, 2009, PRODUCTION PLANNING and CONTROL, (20), 2, 101-112.PRODUCTION PLANNING and CONTROL is available online at informaworldTM: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537280802705252Copyright: Taylor & Francishttp://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.asp

    Available from: 2009-03-23 Created: 2009-03-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Internal and external suppliers in manufacturing networks: An empirical analysis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal and external suppliers in manufacturing networks: An empirical analysis
    2008 (English)In: Operations Management Research, ISSN 1936-9735, E-ISSN 1936-9743, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 141-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to explore the way manufacturing firms use internal and external suppliers in the design and management of manufacturing networks. The main area of interest is to explore the similarities and differences between internal and external suppliers, with respect to their roles and the reasons for choosing a certain type of supplier. We base our analysis on data from 104 Swedish manufacturing plants and their corresponding manufacturing networks of internal and external suppliers. The results of the study show that there are significant differences between the criteria that are influential in choosing a certain type of supplier. The choice of an internal supplier is largely based on a single corporate decision, while an external supplier has to perform well on a number of criteria (primarily quality, cost, and delivery dependability). When comparing the selection criteria with competitive priorities and plant performance, we find that the criteria for selecting external suppliers has a better match than those for selecting internal suppliers. The sample contained plants having only external suppliers as well as plants having both internal and external suppliers, but the selection criteria for external suppliers are the same for both groups and not dependent upon the presence or absence of internal suppliers.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer-Verlag New York, 2008
    Keywords
    Make-or-buy, Strategic sourcing, Supplier selection
    National Category
    Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19437 (URN)10.1007/s12063-008-0011-1 (DOI)
    Projects
    PROFIL (Vinnova)
    Available from: 2009-06-26 Created: 2009-06-23 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    3. Bundles of site competences in defining plant roles
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bundles of site competences in defining plant roles
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate the strategic role of plants, in terms of the type and level of sitecompetence, the relationship with the strategic reason for location, and the impact onoperational performance.

    Design/methodology: We use a survey of 103 Swedish manufacturing plants that belong to international manufacturing networks. We analyze patterns within this context to identify potential archetypes of plants with respect to plant roles, based on factor analysis and cluster analysis.

    Findings: We find that the areas of site competence can be grouped into three bundles, characterized thematically as production-related, supply chain-related and developmentrelated. The plants fall into three categories: some plants have only production-related competences, some have competences concerning both production and supply chain, and the third group of plants possesses all three bundles of competences.

    Research limitations/implications: The results provide empirical evidence that site competences come in bundles in three steps according to themes rather than individually. We find no significant relationship between the level of site competence and the strategic reason for site location.

    Practical implications: The results provide insights into how site competence areas are bundled and combined for manufacturing plants, and indicate that higher levels of site competence lead to better performance in cost efficiency, quality, and new product introductions.

    Originality/value: We research patterns of site competence at a more detailed level than before, as well as study the impact on performance. The results provide empirical evidence that site competences come in bundles in three steps according to themes rather than individually.

    Keywords
    Empirical research, Manufacturing network, Operations strategy
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68663 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-05-27 Created: 2011-05-27 Last updated: 2011-05-27Bibliographically approved
    4. Linking networks and plant roles: The impact of changing a plant role
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking networks and plant roles: The impact of changing a plant role
    2013 (English)In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 51, no 19, p. 5696-5710Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Many manufacturing firms are expanding their global footprint to explore new opportunities for efficient and effective production. The strategic perspective on international manufacturing networks involves both the network level and the plant level. A key aspect is the relationship between the network and the role of plants. In this research, we investigate the relationship between the network and plant perspectives in international manufacturing networks. We use an embedded case study that includes five plants in two product networks over a period of three years. We analyse how changing the role of one plant affects the network as well as the roles of the other plants in the networks. We find that decisions on plant roles are, to a very high degree, network decisions and not decisions for individual plants. Based on the insights into the case study, we also develop a framework for mapping manufacturing networks, including market coverage, plant location and site competence.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2013
    Keywords
    Case study, Global operations, International manufacturing, Longitudinal study, Manufacturing strategy
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68668 (URN)10.1080/00207543.2013.778429 (DOI)000325069700003 ()
    Available from: 2011-05-27 Created: 2011-05-27 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
    5. Distribution of Manufacturing Strategy Decision-Making in Manufacturing Networks
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distribution of Manufacturing Strategy Decision-Making in Manufacturing Networks
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with manufacturing strategy decision-making. In particular, we study how strategic decisions are distributed between the network level and manufacturing plants in manufacturing networks. We use data from 107 manufacturing plants. This research shows that manufacturing strategy decisionmaking (in terms of decision categories and policy areas) can be divided into three difference types: centralized at the network level, decentralized at the plant level, and integrated between central headquarter and local plants. All decision categories follow the same structure, i.e. one of the three types is applied to all decision areas. Thus, we do not find support for that some decision areas are centralized while others are decentralized. The levels of site competences are significantly related to these decision-making patterns, such that plants with high levels of decision autonomy have significantly higher levels of site competences than plants with other decision-making structures.

    Keywords
    Decision categories, Exploratory study, Manufacturing strategy process, Survey research.
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68664 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-05-27 Created: 2011-05-27 Last updated: 2011-05-27Bibliographically approved
    6. Testing a cumulative model of site competences
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Testing a cumulative model of site competences
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to test the cumulative nature of site competences, also referred to as technical activities and their relationship to operational performance. Based on previeous identification of competence bundles, we specifically test the hypothesis that first production responsibilities are added at a plant then supply chain and finally  development responsibilities. We do this using structural equations modeling based on data from 109 Swedish plants. The results do not conclusively confirm a cumulative model, but give partial support for the hypothesis. There is also support for that higher degree of site competences can have a positive impact on certain aspects of operational performance.

    Keywords
    Plant role, cumulative competences, structural equations modeling
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68665 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-05-27 Created: 2011-05-27 Last updated: 2011-05-27Bibliographically approved
  • 3.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Minska risken med outsourcing av inköp2006In: Produktionsstrategi, Vol. 2, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Testing a cumulative model of site competencesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to test the cumulative nature of site competences, also referred to as technical activities and their relationship to operational performance. Based on previeous identification of competence bundles, we specifically test the hypothesis that first production responsibilities are added at a plant then supply chain and finally  development responsibilities. We do this using structural equations modeling based on data from 109 Swedish plants. The results do not conclusively confirm a cumulative model, but give partial support for the hypothesis. There is also support for that higher degree of site competences can have a positive impact on certain aspects of operational performance.

  • 5.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Kylinger, Martin
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Höstkonferensen 20062006In: Produktionsstrategi, Vol. 2, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bundles of site competences in defining plant rolesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate the strategic role of plants, in terms of the type and level of sitecompetence, the relationship with the strategic reason for location, and the impact onoperational performance.

    Design/methodology: We use a survey of 103 Swedish manufacturing plants that belong to international manufacturing networks. We analyze patterns within this context to identify potential archetypes of plants with respect to plant roles, based on factor analysis and cluster analysis.

    Findings: We find that the areas of site competence can be grouped into three bundles, characterized thematically as production-related, supply chain-related and developmentrelated. The plants fall into three categories: some plants have only production-related competences, some have competences concerning both production and supply chain, and the third group of plants possesses all three bundles of competences.

    Research limitations/implications: The results provide empirical evidence that site competences come in bundles in three steps according to themes rather than individually. We find no significant relationship between the level of site competence and the strategic reason for site location.

    Practical implications: The results provide insights into how site competence areas are bundled and combined for manufacturing plants, and indicate that higher levels of site competence lead to better performance in cost efficiency, quality, and new product introductions.

    Originality/value: We research patterns of site competence at a more detailed level than before, as well as study the impact on performance. The results provide empirical evidence that site competences come in bundles in three steps according to themes rather than individually.

  • 7.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Distribution of Manufacturing Strategy Decision-Making in Manufacturing NetworksManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with manufacturing strategy decision-making. In particular, we study how strategic decisions are distributed between the network level and manufacturing plants in manufacturing networks. We use data from 107 manufacturing plants. This research shows that manufacturing strategy decisionmaking (in terms of decision categories and policy areas) can be divided into three difference types: centralized at the network level, decentralized at the plant level, and integrated between central headquarter and local plants. All decision categories follow the same structure, i.e. one of the three types is applied to all decision areas. Thus, we do not find support for that some decision areas are centralized while others are decentralized. The levels of site competences are significantly related to these decision-making patterns, such that plants with high levels of decision autonomy have significantly higher levels of site competences than plants with other decision-making structures.

  • 8.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Internal and external suppliers in manufacturing networks: An empirical analysis2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to explore the way manufacturing firms use internal and external suppliers in the design and management of manufacturing networks. The main area of interest is to explore the similarities and differences between internal and external suppliers, with respect to their roles and the reasons for choosing a certaintype of supplier. We base our analysis on data from 104 Swedish manufacturing plants and their corresponding manufacturing networks of internal and external suppliers. The results of the study show that there are significant differences between the criteria that are influential in choosing a certain type of supplier. The choice of an internal supplier is largely based on a single corporate decision, while an external supplier has to perform well on a number of criteria (primarily quality, cost, and delivery dependability). When comparing the selection criteria withcompetitive priorities and plant performance, we find that the criteria for selecting external suppliers has a better match than those for selecting internal suppliers. The sample contained plants having only external suppliers as well as plants having both internal and external suppliers,but the selection criteria for external suppliers are the same for both groups and not dependent upon the presence or absence of internal suppliers.

  • 9.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Internal and external suppliers in manufacturing networks: An empirical analysis2008In: Operations Management Research, ISSN 1936-9735, E-ISSN 1936-9743, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 141-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to explore the way manufacturing firms use internal and external suppliers in the design and management of manufacturing networks. The main area of interest is to explore the similarities and differences between internal and external suppliers, with respect to their roles and the reasons for choosing a certain type of supplier. We base our analysis on data from 104 Swedish manufacturing plants and their corresponding manufacturing networks of internal and external suppliers. The results of the study show that there are significant differences between the criteria that are influential in choosing a certain type of supplier. The choice of an internal supplier is largely based on a single corporate decision, while an external supplier has to perform well on a number of criteria (primarily quality, cost, and delivery dependability). When comparing the selection criteria with competitive priorities and plant performance, we find that the criteria for selecting external suppliers has a better match than those for selecting internal suppliers. The sample contained plants having only external suppliers as well as plants having both internal and external suppliers, but the selection criteria for external suppliers are the same for both groups and not dependent upon the presence or absence of internal suppliers.

  • 10.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Lund University, Sweden .
    Plant roles Site competence bundles and their relationships with site location factors and performance2013In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 722-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the strategic role of plants, in terms of the type and level of site competence, the relationship with the strategic reason for location, and the impact on operational performance. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanDesign/methodology/approach - The authors use a survey of 103 Swedish manufacturing plants that belong to global production networks and analyze patterns within this context to identify potential archetypes of plants with respect to plant roles, based on factor analysis and cluster analysis. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanFindings - It is found that the areas of site competence can be grouped into three bundles, characterized thematically as production-related, supply chain-related and development-related. The plants fall into three categories: some plants have only production-related competences, some have competences concerning both production and supply chain, and the third group of plants possesses all three bundles of competences. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResearch limitations/implications - The results provide empirical evidence that site competences come in bundles in three steps according to themes rather than individually. No significant relationship was found between the level of site competence and the strategic reason for site location. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanPractical implications - The results provide empirical support for the co-location of product development and production, since plants with full responsibility for all competence bundles significantly outperform plants having only production-related competences on cost efficiency, quality, and new product introductions. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanOriginality/value - The authors research patterns of site competence at a more detailed level than before in the related literature, as well as study the impact on performance, which has not been done before.

  • 11.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The plant perspective on roles, manufacturing tasks and decision-making in production networks2008In: 15th international working seminar on production economics, 2008, 2008, p. 101-112Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 12.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fleet, Don
    Cambridge University.
    Shi, Yongjiang
    Cambridge University, UK.
    Linking networks and plant roles: The impact of changing a plant role2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many manufacturing firms are expanding their global footprint to explore new opportunities for efficient and effective production. The strategic perspective on international manufacturing networks involves both the network level and the plant level. A key aspect is the relationship between the network and the role of plants. In this research, we investigate the relationship between the network and plant perspectives in international manufacturing networks.

    We use a single in-depth case study that includes five plants in two product networks over a period of five years. We analyze how changing the role of one plant affects the network as well as the roles of the other plants in the network. Thus, decisions on plant roles are, to a very high degree, network decisions and not decisions for individual plants. Based on the insights from the case study we also develop a framework for mapping manufacturing networks, including market coverage, plant location and site competence.

  • 13.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fleet, Don
    Cambridge University.
    Shi, Yongjiang
    Cambridge University, UK.
    Linking networks and plant roles: The impact of changing a plant role2013In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 51, no 19, p. 5696-5710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many manufacturing firms are expanding their global footprint to explore new opportunities for efficient and effective production. The strategic perspective on international manufacturing networks involves both the network level and the plant level. A key aspect is the relationship between the network and the role of plants. In this research, we investigate the relationship between the network and plant perspectives in international manufacturing networks. We use an embedded case study that includes five plants in two product networks over a period of three years. We analyse how changing the role of one plant affects the network as well as the roles of the other plants in the networks. We find that decisions on plant roles are, to a very high degree, network decisions and not decisions for individual plants. Based on the insights into the case study, we also develop a framework for mapping manufacturing networks, including market coverage, plant location and site competence.

  • 14.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Persson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Designing and managing manufacturing networks: a survey of Swedish plants2009In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design and management of the manufacturing network for a firm is an important factor for its competitive position. By manufacturing network we mean the plant or plants of a manufacturing firm and the relationships with external suppliers. The way that these operate together is crucial for supporting the competition of the products in the marketplace. This article presents the results of a survey of 106 Swedish manufacturing plants. We find that the markets and supply networks of Swedish plants are global, but there is a focus on Europe. The main reason for locating a plant in Sweden is proximity to skills and knowledge, and we find no pure low-cost plants. The overall level of site competence is very high. There are many significant differences between how internal and external suppliers are selected. The choice of internal suppliers, i.e. those suppliers in the manufacturing network that belong to the same firm, is to a large extent based on a single corporate decision reflecting quality and competence, while external suppliers are chosen based on quality, price and delivery dependability considerations. This study provides a broad analysis of the manufacturing networks in which Swedish plants operate, and the roles of these plants.

  • 15.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Persson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Designing Manufacturing Networks - An Empirical Study2007In: Advances in Production Management Systems / [ed] Jan Olhager, Fredrik Persson, New York: Springer , 2007, p. 95-102Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       The design of the manufacturing network for a firm is an important factor for its competitive position. By manufacturing network we mean the plant or plants of the manufacturing firm and the relationships with external suppliers. The way that these operate together is central to the entire supply system supports the competition of the products in the marketplace. The decisions are typically categorised as related to facilities and vertical integration, two decision categories in an operations strategy. This paper presents the results of a survey of 84 Swedish manufacturing plants. The results show that competitive priorities such as quality and price play different roles in the networks, and that there is a significant difference in terms of how internal and external suppliers are selected

  • 16.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Olhager, Jan
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Persson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Production Economics.
    Utformning av produktionsnätverk - En empirisk studie2007In: PLANs Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2007: Kundfokuserade varor och tjänster / [ed] Jenny Bäckstrand, Stockholm: PLAN - Logistikföreningen ;Jönköping :Tekniska högskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping , 2007, p. 67-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Lindström, Veronica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Level of Alignment of operations strategies: A multiple case study2013In: EurOMA 2013 Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates 12 cases and the linkages between manufacturing capabilitiesand manufacturing output at a plant level. Moreover, linkages between productionsystems and manufacturing outputs are explored as well as the alignment betweencompany size and manufacturing capabilities. As such, this paper gives insight into howcompanies operate, with respect to operations strategy. Which strategic levers that arefocused on and which that are left behind, is furthermore considered. The study alsocontributes to the research field of operations strategy by identifying areas andenvironments where companies find it particularly hard to align their operations.

  • 18.
    Olhager, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fabriksroller i produktionsnätverk2008In: PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2008, 2008, Göteborg: PLAN , 2008, p. 133-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel presenterar en analys över fabrikers olika roller i ett nätverk av produktionsanläggningar. Fabriksrollen innehåller två dimensioner: dels skäl för lokalisering och dels typ av och nivå på kompetens vid fabriken. Vi utgår från Ferdows modell (1997), men lägger till ytterligare faktorer från annan relevant litteratur samt från en förtest av enkätundersökningen. Vi kan därigenom dels stämma av Ferdows modell empiriskt, men även studera om det finns faktorer utanför denna modell som bör tas med i bedömningen av fabriksroller. Rapporten baseras på en omfattande enkätundersökning med svar från över 100 svenska tillverkande företag. Enkäten utförs på fabriksnivån och avser därmed den enskilda fabrikens perspektiv på produktionsnätverket. Vi studerar åtta olika lokaliseringsfaktorer och elva olika fabrikskompetenser. Dessa kan ses som två olika dimensioner i fabriksrollen. Genom faktoranalys och klusteranalys får vi fram mönster i dessa två dimensioner. Vi testar även möjliga interaktioner mellan de två dimensionerna, för att kunna besvara frågan om ett visst lokaliseringsskäl har samband med en viss typ och nivå av kompetens. Resultaten ger en aktuell bild över vilka faktorer som dominerar som skäl för lokalisering och hur företagen grupperar kompetenser och sekvenslägger kompetensökningar på fabriker. Vi jämför våra resultat med Ferdows modell och analyserar skillnader.

  • 19.
    Olhager, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Manufacturing plant networksat the product and material flow level2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Olhager, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics .
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Svenska fabrikers roller: lokalisering och kompetens2008In: Produktionsstrategi, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 21.
    Persson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics .
    Feldmann, Andreas
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Hallgren, Mattias
    Produktionsekonomi .
    Robust Optimization of Production using Simulation Modelling2007In: Swedish Production Symposium,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 21 of 21
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