liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 50 of 50
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Audiometric screening of a population with intellectual disability2013In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 50-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Evaluation of pure-tone audiometry (PTA) in hearing screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability (ID).

    Design: PTA was performed at six frequencies at the screening level 20 dB HL. Referral criteria were threshold levels ≥ 25 dB HL at two or more frequencies for one ear or both.

    Study sample: 1478 participants aged 7–91 years were included.

    Results: 1470 (99.5%) people cooperated in screening of which 1325 (90%) could be tested on both ears at all six frequencies. A majority, 987 (66.8%), performed ordinary PTA, 234 (15.8%) conditioned play audiometry, and 249 (16.9%) behavioural observation audiometry. Six hundred and sixty-nine (45%) passed and 809 (55%) failed according to referral criteria. Of those failing, 441 (54.5%) accepted referral to clinical evaluation.

    Conclusions: PTA with slight modifications is applicable for screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability. The most challenging and time-consuming activity is to introduce the test procedure in a way that reduces anxiety and establishes trust.

  • 2. Andréasson, S
    et al.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Henny M
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Medical laboratory technologists' perception of professional self. A study of Swedish MLTs employed in clinical chemistry1992In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 67-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subjective perception of professional self was studied for a sample of Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLTs) employed in Clinical Chemistry in Sweden. The sample (N = 488) consisted of a randomized tenth of members of their trade union. A mailed questionnaire with 21 items concerning self-description compared with peers in a seven-point Likert type scale was completed by 332 (68%). There was no significant overall difference concerning the four principal types of workplace: Clinical Chemistry, Blood Serology, Primary Care and Clinical Chemistry/Blood Serology. The main difference was found between those in managerial posts (N = 72) and the other MLTs (N = 260). Factor analysis showed three principal components, labelled Professionalism, Work Ethic, and Empathy, but also a different composition of variables of the components for the manager group compared with the non-manager group.

  • 3.
    Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Omvårdnad Inst för Omv / Karolinska Institutet.
    Backman, Marie
    Pedagogisk enhet Röda Korsets Högskola Stockholm.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    Vårdvetenskap Uppsala Universitet.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Women's perceptions and beliefs about the genesis of their breast cancer2006In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 142-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A person's belief is seen as a set of assumptions, depending on perceptions, and formed with the influence of experiences and social culture. With the aim of understanding the beliefs about the genesis of their illness, 118 (59 + 59) women with different stages of breast cancer were interviewed. Half of the sample had chosen complementary care in an anthroposophical hospital, and the other half was a matched group. Qualitative content analysis was used. Three themes emerged: (1) belief in a link to life lived (71%), (2) heredity as the sole genesis (4%), and (3) rejection of the question (25%). Under beliefs in a link to life lived, external aspects to the patient's own life (eg, diet and lifestyle) were cited, as well as inner aspects such as psychosocial problems and stress. The findings show that women are well informed about medical facts, although their beliefs reveal a holistic approach. The women's beliefs, where inner psychosocial factors are uppermost, point to a reverse of the causal ranking of medical advisors. The difference between the groups was that the matching sample was more likely to reject the influence of possible causes from life lived. In a caring perspective, women's perceptions of the genesis of their illness are in some cases turned to creative health activities that may increase well-being. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

  • 4.
    Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Karlskrona.
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Carlsson, Marianee
    Uppsala universitet Uppsala.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Indications of change in life perspective among women with breast cancer admitted to complementary care2001In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 192-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, qualitative content analysis was used in order to understand the reported changes of life perspective in interviews with 59 women with breast cancer who were admitted to complementary care. The aim of this research was to study women's perceived consequences as well as perceived causes of breast cancer and to explore aspects of importance to the women. The material was collected in semistructured interviews from women with breast cancer at different stages of the disease. The women received complementary care at an anthroposophic clinic in Sweden. Findings showed that these women's view of their relationships with others grew more valuable. Their self-confidence and experience of strength improved, and they regarded life as being more enriched. A change in their disposition towards becoming more fragile and low-spirited was experienced as a hardship by the women. An interesting finding was that the patients described the aetiology of the disease from several interacting perspectives, which also affected their ideas of how to achieve well-being and health. The findings support the view that changes of both benefit and harm are present in the experience of breast cancer.

  • 5.
    Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Finland.
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Bröstcancerpatienters upplevelser av komplementär vård vid en antroposofisk klinik - en fallstudie2002In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Åbo akademi Vasa.
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Karlskrona.
    Lindholm, Lisbet
    Åbo Akademi Vasa.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    The face of suffering among women with breast cancer - being in a field of forces2002In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 25, p. 96-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Arman Rehnsfeldt, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Lindholm, L
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Eriksson, Katie
    Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap Åbo Akademi, Vasa, Finland.
    Suffering related to health care: a study of breast cancer patients' experiences.2004In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 248-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A previous study indicated that patient narratives include experiences of suffering caused or increased by health-care encounters. The aim of this study was to interpret and understand the meaning of patients' experiences of suffering related to health care from an ethical, existential and ontological standpoint. Sixteen women with breast cancer in Sweden and Finland took part in qualitative interviews analysed with a hermeneutic, interpretive approach. The outcome showed that suffering related to health care is a complex phenomenon and constitutes an ethical challenge to health-care personnel. The women's experiences of suffering related to health care tended to be of similar seriousness as their experiences of suffering in relation to having cancer. In an ethical, existential and ontological sense, suffering related to health care is basically a matter of neglect and uncaring where the patient's existential suffering is not seen and she is not viewed as a whole human being.

  • 8. Björkström, ME
    et al.
    Johansson, IS
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Athlin, EE
    Swedish nursing students' attitudes to and awareness of research and development within nursing2003In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 393-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Nurses' attitudes towards research have been illuminated in many studies. However, there is still a need for more knowledge about the attitudes and awareness of undergraduate nursing students. Aim. To investigate Swedish undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards and awareness of research and development within nursing, and to illuminate factors that may have an impact on their attitudes and awareness. Methods. A questionnaire consisting of three parts: demographic data, attitude scale, and research awareness was used. Parametric and nonparametric statistics were used. Two hundred and one students participated in the study and the response rate was 77%. Cronbach's alpha test on the seven factors was between 0.52 and 0.80. Results. Most of the students had positive attitudes towards nursing research. More than half (60%) of the students expected to make use of nursing research sometime in the future and about 25% had never read any of the scientific nursing journals. The majority (77%) of the students were acquainted with at least one Swedish researcher, but few had attended a doctoral dissertation. Students with an interest in some particular development or research area in nursing were significantly more positive and expected to make use of nursing research more frequently. Other variables that were found to have some impact upon attitudes were gender, age and additional academic studies. Conclusion. Nursing students had an overall positive attitude towards nursing research and their interest in a particular development or research area was the most important variable for their attitudes and expected use of nursing research in the future. Therefore, it would seem to be important to encourage the students' interest in specific development/research areas of nursing during their education. In spite of the nursing students' positive attitudes to nursing research, the study demonstrates the theory-practice gap is still present to some degree.

  • 9. Björkström, Monica
    et al.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Swedish nurses' attitudes towards research and development within nursing2001In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 706-714Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of the study. The aim was to develop and test an assessment instrument in order to study attitudes towards research and development within nursing among randomly selected professional nurses, registered nurses (RNs). Background. The investigation was initiated because of the development within nursing and nursing education in Sweden towards better knowledge about research for the last four decades. Methods. A questionnaire was designed, consisting of three parts: (1) demographic data, (2) attitude scale and (3) research awareness. Appropriate psychometric statistics were used such as factor analysis and parametric as well as nonparametric statistics to compare groups. The form was distributed to 407 randomly selected RNs. Results. The response rate was 71% (n = 289). The respondents were from four different examination years, representing four different nursing education systems in Sweden. Factor analysis (Maximum Likelihood and Oblimin rotation) gave seven factors with a total variance of 58% and Cronbach's a between 0╖60 and 0╖84. The factors were labelled 'Research language', 'Need of research knowledge', 'Participation', 'The Profession', 'Meaningfulness', 'Study literature' and 'Developing -Resources'. The results indicated that the respondents in general had positive attitudes towards nursing research. There were significant differences between the examined groups. The group examined in 1966 appeared as the least positive group. Forty-six per cent never or seldom utilized nursing research findings in their daily practice. About half of the respondents never read research reports. Conclusion. The results indicated that the new instrument is sensitive for measuring professional nurses' attitudes towards research and development in nursing. Even if the respondents had a positive attitude towards research and development, there was a poor application in their daily work. Further, the respondent's age, the year of RN examination and acquisition of research skills seemed to be of importance for the attitudes.

  • 10. Carlsson, M
    et al.
    Arman, Maria
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV), Science in Nursing.
    Backman, M
    Flatters, U
    Hatchek, T
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Quality of life/life satisfaction among women with breast cancer who have received complementary care and a matched group of women within conventional care.2003In: Quality of Life Research,2003, 2003, p. 842-843Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11. Carlsson, M
    et al.
    Arman Rehnsfeldt, Maria
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Backman, M
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Coping in women with breast cancer in complementary and conventional care over 5 years measured by the mental adjustment to cancer scale2005In: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, ISSN 1075-5535, E-ISSN 1557-7708, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 441-447Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Many patients with cancer, women more often than men, use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and care. Our aim was to examine coping over 5 years (November 1995 to January 1999) in two samples of women with breast cancer who were treated with anthroposophic care or conventional medical treatment. The present study is part of a larger study of the outcome of anthroposophic care for women with breast cancer. Design: A nonrandomized controlled trial design was used with individual matching and repeated measurements on six occasions (at admission, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 5 years). The matching was based on the following variables: stage of disease at entry, age, treatment during the 3 months before entering the study, and prognosis. Setting: An anthroposophic hospital and conventional hospitals in Sweden. Subjects: Sixty (60) women treated with anthroposophic medicine and 60 women from an oncology outpatient department participated. Forty-nine (49) women in anthroposophic care and 51 in the outpatient group survived 1 year, 26 women in anthroposophic care and 31 in the outpatient group survived 5 years. Intervention: An anthroposophic care program. Outcome measure: Coping was measured using the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale. Repeat measures of analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for within-group comparisons, and effect size (ES) was used for between-group comparisons. Results: The women in anthroposophic care showed more passive and anxious coping on admission, but this decreased over time. In the women in anthroposophic care, there were small ES improvements in fighting spirit and passive, anxious coping at 4 of the measured timepoints compared to admission. Conclusion: The choice of anthroposophic care could be seen as a possible way to cope with emotional distress in this group of women with breast cancer. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

  • 12. Carlsson, M
    et al.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Lindqvist, R
    Psychometric assessment of the life satisfaction questionnaire (LSQ) and a comparison of a randomised sample of Swedish women and those suffering from breast cancer.1999In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 8, p. 245-253Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet Uppsala.
    Arman, Maria
    Karolinska institutet Stockholm.
    Backman, Maria
    Röda Korsets Högskola Stockholm.
    Flatters, Ursula
    Vidarkliniken Järna.
    Hatschek, Thomas
    Karolinska inst Stockholm.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology .
    A five-year follow-up of quality of life in women with breast cancer in anthroposophic and conventional care2006In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, ISSN 1741-427X, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 523-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complementary and alternative medicine is used by many cancer patients in most parts of the world, and its use is increasing. The aim of the present study was to examine, over 5 years, the perceived quality of life/life satisfaction in two samples of women with breast cancer who were treated with anthroposophic care or conventional medical treatment only. Data from admission, after 1 year and after 5 years are used for the comparisons. On admission to the study the women in anthroposophic care perceived their quality of life to be lower than that of the women in the conventional treatment group, especially for emotional, cognitive and social functioning and overall quality of life. Sixty women who actively chose treatment with anthroposophic medicine and 60 individually matched women treated with conventional medicine participated. Quality of life was measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire. Twenty-six women within anthroposophic care and 31 women within conventional medicine survived the 5 years. Effect size (ES) estimation favored the anthroposophic group in seven of the subscales mostly measuring emotional functioning. The ES for four of the subscales favored the conventional treatment group, mostly concerning physical functioning. After 5 years there were improvements in overall quality of life and in emotional and social functioning compared to admission for the women in anthroposophic care. The improvements took place between admission and 1 year, but not further on. Only minor improvements were found in the matching group. © 2006 The Author (s).

  • 14.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Arman, Maria
    Department of Caring Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland and Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Backman, Marie
    The Swedish Red Cross University College of Nursing, Stockholm, SwedenRed Cross Univ. Coll. Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Flatters, Ursula
    The Vidar Clinic, Järna, Sweden.
    Hatschek, Thomas
    The Department of Oncology (Radiumhemmet), Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Evaluation of Quality of Life/Life Satisfaction in Women with Breast Cancer in Complementary and Conventional Care2004In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 27-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study the perceived quality of life/life satisfaction in a sample of women with breast cancer who were treated in a hospital with alternative/complementary care and the same variables in individually matched patients who received only conventional medical treatment. A non-randomized controlled trial design with repeated measurements was used. Sixty women with breast cancer treated with anthroposophic medicine (ABCW) and 60 with conventional medicine (CBCW) were included and 36 matched pairs took part on all occasions. The quality of life was measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ). The comparisons were calculated as effect sizes (ES). The women in the ABCW group reported small or moderate effects, expressed as ES, on their quality of life/life satisfaction compared to their matched "twins" in the CBCW group at the 1-year follow-up in 15 out of 21 scales/factors. It was concluded that the women who had chosen anthroposophic care increased their perceived quality of life/life satisfaction according to the methodology of the study.

  • 15.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala.
    Arman, Maria
    Karlskrona.
    Backman, Marie
    Stockholm.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Perceived quality of life and coping for Swedish women with breast cancer who choose complementary medicine.2001In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 24, p. 395-401Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Omvårdnad Uppsala.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Evaluation of the life satisfaction questionnaire (LSQ) using structural equation modelling (SEM)2002In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 415-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The life satisfaction questionnaire (LSQ) was developed for use in conventional and complementary/anthroposophic care to assess the quality of life/life satisfaction of Swedish women with breast cancer. The first attempt to test the reliability and validity was in a sample of women with breast cancer (n = 362), the second in a random sample of Swedish women (n = 257). A theoretical model with six latent and 34 manifest variables was formulated. The aim of the present study was to perform confirmatory factor analyses using structural equation modelling. The software STREAMS was used. An additional sample of men (n = 263) was randomly selected from the Swedish population register. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed for the combined sample of women and men (n = 520) and for the women with breast cancer. The result of the confirmatory factor analyses showed that the factor structure of the original model was confirmed. The factors were called physical symptoms (PS), sickness impact (SI), quality of everyday activities (QDA), socio-economic situation (SES), quality of family relation (QFA), and quality of close friend relationship (QFR).

  • 17.
    Edell-Gustafsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arén, Claes
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hetta, Jerker
    Department of Psyehiatry, Uppsala University, Akademiska Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nurses´ notes on sleep pattern in patients undergoing artery bypass surgery: a retrospective valuation of patient records1994In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 20, p. 331-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, patient records from 80 male patients, aged 43-76, undergoing first-time coronary artery bypass surgery were evaluated with regard to nurses' documentation on sleep during the first four postoperative days. This documentation was classified into descriptions of quality and quantity of sleep. Notations on sleep were found in 69-86% of patient records each night, and was most common the second night. Descriptions of both quality and quantity of sleep occurred in only 12 out of 320 patient-nights. Notes regarding duration of sleep were found for 146 patient-nights (45.6%), of which 103 (32.2%) contained sleep disturbances. Information on quality of sleep was given for 116 patient-nights (36.3%), with only 38 patient-nights (11.9%) of sleep disturbances. For 72 patient-nights, documentation of the patients' sleep was lacking. Frequent awakening was the most common sleep disturbances noted during all but the first night, when continuous awakening dominated. We conclude that the nurses' documentation regarding sleep and sleep disturbances varied over a wide range, with a mixture of quantitative and qualitative information, and that more structured descriptions are needed.

  • 18.
    Edell-Gustafsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hetta, Jerker
    Sleep Dlsorders UnIt, University HospItal, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Arén, Claes
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Measurement of sleep and quality of life before and after coronary artery bypass grafting: A pilot study1997In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 239-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to: (i) test different instruments that focused on sleep, quality of life and personal adjustment in order to evaluate the usefulness of these instruments in a larger study; and (ii) to describe self perceptions of sleep and life situation by patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A one-group pre-test repeated post-test design was used. Six men aged between 51 and 70 years were interviewed, and 24 h polysomnographic recordings were performed before and after the operation. The interviews indicated disturbed sleep and changes in behaviour and mental state immediately postoperatively. Postoperatively the polysomnographic recordings revealed a significant decrease in mean duration of sleep, mean percentage of stage 3-4 sleep and mean rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. One month after surgery the quality of life was improved, while moderate anxiety and sensation of incisional pain persisted. The measurements used in this pilot study provide valuable information into the understanding of altered sleep, quality of life and personal adjustment following CABG.

  • 19.
    Enskär, Karin
    et al.
    Depertment of Nursing Science, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    Uppsala University.
    von Essen, Louise
    Uppsala University.
    Swedish mothers and fathers of children with cancer: perceptions of well-being, social life, and quality care.2011In: Journal of psychosocial oncology, ISSN 1540-7586, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 51-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim was to describe and compare well-being, social life, and quality care among parents of children with cancer with respect to mothers versus fathers and whether the children were on versus. off treatment. The Life Situation Scale for Parents (LSS-P) was answered by 320 parents, comprising 85 mothers and 71 fathers of children on treatment, and 93 mothers and 71 fathers of children off treatment. The results show that the well-being of parents of children with cancer is affected by their child's situation, and that they experience such things as economic strain and a sense of being dependent on the care provided, especially during the child's treatment phase. Mothers whose children are receiving treatment see their life situation as less satisfying, and report being sadder and having lower self-esteem.

  • 20.
    Götherström, Christine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gullberg, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Development of a tool for measuring the concept of good care among patients and staff in relation to Swedish legislation1995In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 277-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An instrument for measuring the concept of good care, in relation to the Swedish Health and Medical Services Act, has been developed and tested in short-term care. The instrument comprises 14 statements on good care. The construct validity was estimated by factor analysis based on the results from 240 patients. Five factors explained 62% of the variance of the 14 variables and covered the following areas: information, security, accessibility, continuity, and influence and respect. Patients (n = 240) and registered nurses (n = 57) showed differences in estimations of the concept of good care on all factors. There were only minor differences, however, within the patient group and the nursing group, respectively, on comparing the two samples. The instrument needs further testing in different care conditions.

  • 21.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    30th anniversary commentary on Hamrin E. (1982) attitudes of nursing staff in general medical wards towards activation of stroke patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing 7, 33-422006In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 43-44p. 43-44Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    [No abstract available]

  • 22.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Drug Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Editorial Material: When Nursing Care became Science. The first decades 1970-2000 in SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES, vol 29, issue 1, pp2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 23.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Evaluation of complementary care in breast cancer - a scientific challenge2001In: Eur J Cancer,2001, 2001, p. 407-407Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology .
    Further qualitative analyses on six Focus group interviews of young stroke victims in an Action Programme and one group of spouses2007In: Nordic Stroke 2007,2007, 2007, p. 65-65Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

        

  • 25.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Stroke mitt i livet - ett aktionsprogram2005In: Incitament, ISSN 1103-503X, Vol. 1, p. 45-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology .
    Studies on functional ability and quality of life of older people in Sweden (English)2007In: Multidyscyplinarne aspekty opieki geriatryczno-gerontologicznej,2007, 2007, p. 35-42Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Tribute to Professor James P. Smith, OBE Formerly Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Advanced Nursing Newly appointed Founding Editor, Journal of Advanced Nursing2000In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 3-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Baer-Dubowska, Wanda
    Dept of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry Faculty of Pharmacy.
    Cooperation between the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Linköping, Sweden and the University of Medical Sciences in Poznan, Poland2006In: Seria: Farmacja I Analityka Medyczna W Poznaniu, Poznan: Wydawnictwo naukowe akademiimedycznej , 2006, p. 120-123Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 29.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Drug Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Diagnostics, Department of Clinical Immunology and Transfusion Medicine.
    Rosén, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Immunological and Quality-of-Life Profiles in Women with Breast Cancer: Complementary versus Conventional Care2018In: Complementary Medicine Research, ISSN 2504-2092, Vol. 25, p. 391-397Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies showed that women with breast cancer treated in anthroposophic clinic versus conventional care had increased quality of life (QoL) parameters, fighting spirit, and anxiety coping. We have now analyzed immune and QoL factors in these 2 groups for possible differences during the first 6 months after admission, prompted by anthroposophic studies, including mistletoe extracts, showing beneficial immune system effects.

    Patients and MethodsFourteen immunological variables, including leukocyte count, lymphocyte count, activated T cells (CD4+ and CD8+), NK cells, B cells, IL1β, IL6, IL10, and oxytocin, were longitudinally analyzed in both groups (n = 2 × 26). A panel of QoL parameters were analyzed using 3 different instruments. Statistical evaluation included that each patient was its own control.

    Results: Cytotoxic CD8+ T cell frequency (percent of lymphocytes analyzed by flow-cytometry) significantly decreased over time in the anthroposophic group versus the conventional group (repeated measures ANOVA, p = 0.05). No major differences were observed in other immunological parameters, whereas QoL variables, anxiety decreased and physical symptoms increased/improved significantly in the anthroposophic group (p = 0.04 and p = 0.05, respectively).

    Conclusion: Overall, women with breast cancer in anthroposophic or conventional therapy did not differ in their immune profiles over time, with exception of decreased cytotoxic T cells in the anthroposophic group. Improvement in physical symptoms along with less anxiety in this group may have influenced the brain-immune axis resulting in lower frequency of CD8+ T cells, a feature associated with less aggressive cancer stages. To evaluate whether this observation is associated with good or bad prognosis, further detailed analyses of memory and naïve CD8+ T cells at tumor site and in blood circulation are essential.

  • 30.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth K F
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    Institute of Gerontology, School of Nursing, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Jaracz, Krystyna
    Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Nursing, Poznan´ University of Medical Sciences, Poznan´, Poland.
    Quality of life among the elderly with locomotor disabilities in Sweden and Poland in the 1990s2012In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 281-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To estimate the proportion of locomotor disabilities in two elderly populations in Sweden and Poland, respectively. To estimate the perceived quality of life (QoL) in the disabled groups in samples from each country using a model developed by Carol Estwing Ferrans.

    METHODS: The study comprised three parts: an epidemiological screening test for identification of individuals with a locomotor disability, an analysis of background data of importance and home visits with evaluations of quality of life and functional capacity. Home visits were made using the Quality of Life Index, (QLI) of Ferrans and Powers and a functional scale, the Standardized Practical Equipment (SPE). Data were collected for the period 1991-1996.

    RESULTS: In the population part of the study, with 1,380 respondents (78%) comprising elderly Swedish persons, 288 reported a locomotor disability. This can be compared with 425 among 1,045 respondents (52%) in a Polish elderly group. The tests at the home visits (Sweden, n = 89; Poland, n = 84) showed that both men and women in the Swedish group reported significantly higher scores for the total QLI (max. 30.00) with men reporting 26.68 points compared to 19.73 and women reporting 21.39 points compared to 19.40 and for three of the four subscales. Also, the Polish group scored lower for balance and mobility (SPE).

    CONCLUSION: The study provides an important view of the life situation measured with the QLI tool and the SPE for elderly persons with locomotor disorders in Sweden and Poland during the mid-1990s. The results are congruent with epidemiological reports on the poor health situation in Poland, particularly during that time. A new investigation among the elderly with locomotor disorders in the two countries today might provide different results.

  • 31.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Lorensen, Margarethe
    Oslo.
    Östlinder, Gerthrud
    Stockholm.
    Teoriutveckling inom sykepleievitenskap/Omvårdnadsvetenskap/Vårdvetenskap i Norden. Nordisk workshop 12 november 1999, Stockholm, Sverige.2001In: Vårdalstiftelsens rapportserie,2001, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology .
    Potdar, NS
    Anand, RK
    Ethical values in health care: an Indian-Swedish co-operation2002In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 439-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to present an example of a multidisciplinary Indian-Swedish co-operation on ethics in health care. It is based on a conference held in Asia Plateau, Panchgani, Maharasthra, India in 1998. The emphasis is on ethical values that are important for consumers of health care and professionals, and also for different cultures in developed and developing countries. The importance of human dignity is stressed. Sixteen recommendations are given in an appendix.

  • 33.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rooke, L.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Department of Health Care Pedagogics, Göteborg University and Department of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    A tentative model for developing strategic and clinical nursing quality indicators: postoperative pain management1999In: International journal of nursing practice, ISSN 1322-7114, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 216-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of a tentative model, based on important aspects of surgical nursing care, for designing strategic and clinical quality indicators. Objective postoperative pain management was chosen for the model because it is a priority area in surgical nursing care. Items within a questionnaire were designed by using the tentative model as a base and by means of a literature review. The questionnaire, directed to clinical nurses (n = 233), was compiled to establish the validity and the usefulness of the indicators. Fourteen items were assessed as essential for achieving high quality outcomes in postoperative pain management (11 as realistic to carry out, and 13 as possible for nurses to influence) with mean scores > or = 4 (on a 5-point scale). The conclusion reached was that the tentative model combined with a literature search was found to be effective for designing items that might be useful as strategic and clinical indicators of quality in postoperative pain management.

  • 34.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Rooke, Liselotte
    Malmö.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Göteborg.
    Kvalitetsindikatorer inom postoperativ smärtbehandling2001In: Hälso- och sjukvårsstämman,2001, 2001, p. 80-80Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Department of Health Care Pedagogics, Göteborg University and Department of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden .
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Patient and nurse assessment of quality of care in postoperative pain management2002In: Quality & Safety in Health Care, ISSN 1475-3898, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 327-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To describe and compare patient and nurse assessments of the quality of care in postoperative pain management, to investigate differences between subgroups of patients, and to compare patient assessments in different departments.

    Design: Patient and nurse questionnaires.

    Setting: Five surgical wards in general surgery, orthopaedics, and gynaecology in a central county hospital in Sweden.

    Sample: Two hundred and nine inpatients and 64 registered nurses. The response rates were 96% for the patients and 99% for the nurses; there were 196 paired patient-nurse assessments.

    Method: The Strategic and Clinical Quality Indicators in Postoperative Pain Management patient questionnaire was used which comprises14 items in four subscales (communication, action, trust, and environment). The items were scored on a 5 point scale with higher values indicating a higher quality of care. Five complementary questions on levels of pain intensity and overall satisfaction with pain relief were scored on an 11 point scale. Twelve of the 14 items in the patient questionnaire and two of the complementary questions were adjusted for use in the nurse questionnaire.

    Results: The patients’ mean (SD) score on the total scale (scale range 14–70) was 58.6 (8.9) and the nurses’ mean (SD) score (scale range 12–60) was 48.1 (6.2). The percentage of patients who scored 1 or 2 for an individual item (disagreement) ranged from 0.5% to 52.0%, while for nurses the percentage ranged from 0.0% to 34.8%. Forty two patients (24%) reported more pain than they expected; these patients assessed the quality of care lower. There were differences between patient and nurse assessments concerning the environment subscale, the question on overall satisfaction, and patients’ experience of worst possible pain intensity.

    Conclusion: The results provided valuable baseline data and identified important areas for quality improvement in postoperative pain management.

  • 36.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Göteborg.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Patients and nurse assessment on quality of care in postoperative pain management2002In: 10th World congress on pain, San Diego, USA,2002, 2002, p. 563-563Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Department of Health Care Pedagogics, Göteborg University and Department of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Quality indicators in postoperative pain management: a validation study2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 331-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study, strategic and clinical quality indicators were developed from a tentative model to assess high quality in postoperative pain management. The aim of the present study was to investigate the content validity of these 15 indicators. The indicators were compiled in a questionnaire, and two groups of nurses (n=210, n=321) scored each indicator on a 5-point scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) from three different standpoints: whether it was essential for achieving high quality, whether it was realistic to carry out, and whether it was possible for nurses to influence management. The respondents were also asked to choose the most crucial indicators for the quality of care. The results showed that both groups of nurses judged the 15 indicators to have content validity from all three standpoints. Both groups also found the same six indicators to be the most crucial. These indicators concerned detecting and acting on signs and symptoms, performing prescriptions, informing and educating, acting on behalf of patients, competence/knowledge, and attitudes. The validated indicators should be useful to consider when implementing a strategy for postoperative pain management and when planning to evaluate the quality of care.

  • 38.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Development of an instrument to measure strategic and clinical quality indicators in postoperative pain management2002In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 532-540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM OF THE STUDY: To develop and evaluate psychometric properties, that is reliability and validity, of an instrument to measure strategic and clinical quality indicators in postoperative pain management.

    BACKGROUND: Strategic and clinical quality indicators in postoperative pain management were previously developed from a tentative model of important aspects of surgical nursing care and assessed to have content validity, that is to be essential for the quality of care, realistic to carry out and possible for nurses to use to influence management.

    METHODS: The quality indicators were converted to items suitable for a patient questionnaire and were scored on a 5-point scale, with higher scores indicating higher quality of care. Inpatients from five surgical wards took part in this study on their second postoperative day. The response rate was 96% and the average ages of the female (n=120) and the male (n=78) respondents were 62 and 63 years, respectively.

    RESULTS: Items in the total scale had an average inter-item correlation >0.20 and an item-total correlation >0.30. Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 0.84 for the total scale. Four factors entitled 'communication', 'action', 'trust' and 'environment' emerged from an orthogonal factor analysis, with a cumulative variance of 61.4%. Patients who received epidural analgesia had higher scores on the total scale compared with those who did not receive epidural analgesia. Patients who reported more pain than expected had lower scores on the total scale compared with those who did not report more pain than expected. Correlation between the total scale and an overall pain relief satisfaction question was 0.53.

    CONCLUSION: The results suggest initial support for the new instrument as a measure of strategic and clinical quality indicators in postoperative pain management, but it must be further refined, tested and evaluated.

  • 39.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Development of an instrument to measure the quality of postoperative pain management2004In: 12th Biennal Conference of the Workgroup of European Nurse Researchers,2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Development of an instrument to measure the quality of postoperative pain management.2003In: The 4th congres of the european federation of IASP chapters - Pain in Europe IV Prag - Tjeckien,2003, 2003, p. 774-774Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Kvalitetsindikatorer inom postoperativ smärtbehandling: en valideringsstudie2002In: Vårdfacket, ISSN 0347-0911, Vol. 3, p. 49-49Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42. Jaracz, K
    et al.
    Gustafsson, G
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology.
    The life situation and functional capacity of the elderly with locomotor disability in Sweden and Poland according to a model by Lawton2004In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 10, p. 45-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Johansson, Inger
    et al.
    Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad, Karlstads universitet.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Bedömning av akut förvirringstillstånd med hjälp av NEECHAM Confusion Scale2009In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 42-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To assess and identify early sign as well as to follow up the progress or regress of acute confusion are important in nursing care. For this purpose different instruments have been developed and tested psychometrically. One of these instruments is the NEECHAM Confusion Scale. The aim of this article is to describe the development and content of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale and its application in a Swedish sample. This scale is a screening instrument for rapid and non-intrusive assessment and contains nine items organized in three domains; cognitive functions; behavioral measures; physiological control and stability. Possible total score ranging from 0 (minimal responsiveness) to 30 (normal function). A score equal to or less than 24 indicated the presence of confusion. The scale has been psychometrically tested among elderly patients with hip fractures in Sweden. The internal consistency (Cronbach´s alpha coefficient) was satisfactory at two test occasions .73 versus .82 and the construct validity with a three-factor solution accounted for 69% and 73% of the variance. Four months after discharge the predictive value showed a correlation between level of confusion, quality of life, and functional capacity. The study and the literature confirmed that the NEECHAM-scale can be helpful both for patients with delirium and those responsible of the care.

  • 44.
    Johansson, Inger
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Karlstad.
    Psychometric testing of the NEECHAM confusion scale among patients with hip fracture2002In: Research in Nursing & Health, ISSN 0160-6891, E-ISSN 1098-240X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 203-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a Swedish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among 73 patients having surgery for hip fractures. Cronbach's alpha before and 7 days after surgery were .73 and .82, respectively. Principal-component analyses yielded three factors explaining 69% of the variance of the variables preoperatively and 73.6% of the variance 7 days postoperatively. Four months after discharge vital function, factor II in the NEECHAM scale, significantly predicted the total score on the Ferrons and Powers Quality of Life Index. Items reflecting information processing, behavior, and urinary continence, factor I, also predicted functional capacity, using the Standardized Practical Equipment test, a tool measuring instrumental daily activity. The scale seems to be a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating acute confusional state among patients with hip fracture.

  • 45. Langhorne, P
    et al.
    Dey, P
    Woodman, M
    Kalra, L
    Wood-Dauphinee, S
    Patel, N
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Is stroke unit care portable? A systematic review of the clinical trials2005In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 324-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is not known if mobile stroke teams can achieve the good results seen in trials of geographically discrete stroke wards (stroke units). Objective: To establish the effectiveness of mobile stroke teams. Design: Systematic review of controlled clinical trials that compared peripatetic systems of organised stroke care (stroke team care) with alternative hospital services. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis (using Cochrane Collaboration methodology and involving the primary trialists). Clinical outcomes included death, dependency, the need for institutional care and measures of the process of care such as the delivery of key investigations and treatments. Results: Six clinical trials (1,085 patients) were identified, five (781 patients) compared some form of stroke team care with conventional care in general medical wards and one (304 patients) compared team care with a comprehensive stroke unit. Compared with care in general wards, stroke team care improved some aspects of the process of care, but clinical outcomes were similar. Compared with a comprehensive stroke unit, stroke team patients were significantly less likely to survive (P< 0.001), return home (P< 0.001) or regain independence (P< 0.0001). Most aspects of the process of care were also poorer than in the stroke unit. Conclusions: Care from a mobile stroke team had no major impact on death, dependency or the need for institutional care. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  • 46.
    Lindholm, Lisbet
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi Vasa.
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Arman, Maria
    Åbo Akademi Vasa.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Pharmacology.
    Significant others' experience of suffering when living with women with breast cancer2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 248-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an inquiry into how significant others experience being close to a woman suffering from breast cancer. In order to find this out, theme interviews were arranged with 17 women and 16 significant others from four different caring cultures in Sweden and Finland. A phenomenological case study methodology was adopted and in the analysis of the data a scientific teamwork model was employed, based on ideas developed at the Vancouver School of Doing Phenomenology. The findings show that the significant others experience deep often unrelieved suffering. They consider themselves prisoners of a situation of uncertainty and powerlessness when standing by the woman. They are torn between their own suffering and their desire to alleviate the woman's suffering. A vicious circle of mutual protection intensifies the suffering of the significant other, while actively sharing the suffering brings relief. The gravity of the situation creates an ethical urge in the significant other to assume responsibility for life in common with the woman.

  • 47.
    Minhage, Margareta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Division for Health and Caring Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    Institute of Gerontology, University of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Psychometric testing of the Swedish version of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Multilevel Assessment Instrument2007In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 139-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined whether the Swedish adaptation of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Multilevel Assessment Instrument (PGCMAI) developed by Lawton meets criteria for reliability and validity in an elderly Swedish population with locomotor disability. Data were collected, using the mid-length version of the instrument, from 199 elderly people with locomotor disability in two Swedish counties. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's alpha and construct validity was tested by means of exploratory factor analysis. Comparison was made with the Standardized Practical Equipment (SPE) test. Factor analysis identified eight factors, which were comparable to the original eight domains. There was a logical correlation between the PGCMAI and the SPE test. Further psychometric testing is recommended on other groups of elderly people.

  • 48.
    Minhage, Margareta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Department of Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    Institute of Gerontology, University of Jönköping, Jönköping.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The Swedish Version of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Multilevel Assessment Instrument, by age and gender in an old-age swedish population, especially related to locomotor disability2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 478-484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the pattern of the Swedish version of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Multilevel Assessment Instrument (PGCMAI), in respect of age and gender, in a sample of old people with locomotor disability from a population aged 60 years and older in Sweden and compare it with other studies in the same area for the purpose of further validation. The participants (n = 199) were selected from a population (n = 3469), age ≥60 years, in two counties in Sweden and were visited in their own homes. The measure was carried out with two instruments, the Swedish version of PGCMAI, used as an interview, and the Standardized Practical Equipment test consisting of practical tasks. We found that these two instruments distinguished the functional pattern among old men and women where women had deteriorated most with age. This is in agreement with other studies.

  • 49.
    Räty, Lena
    et al.
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karlstads University, Karlstad.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Söderfeldt, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Neurology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Quality of life in newly-debuted epilepsy: an empirical study1999In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 100, no 4, p. 221-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives - This study aimed to illuminate adult's experienced quality of life in newly-debuted epilepsy and to test the American instrument Quality of Life Index (QLI) for the first time on an epilepsy population. A second aim was to find appropriate questions to measure patient perceptions in epilepsy.

    Material and methods - All persons 18–65 fulfilling criteria (n=41) and diagnosed during a 15-month period at 2 Swedish hospitals, answered questionnaires (n= 37/41) on quality of life and perceptions of epilepsy.

    Results - Patients experienced the highest quality in the “Family” domain and the lowest in the “Psychological/ spiritual”. Significant correlations were found between quality of life and experienced change of life situation, own perceptions of epilepsy, seizure frequency after diagnosis, gender and side effects from antiepileptic drugs. The QLI was well applicable on people with epilepsy.

    Conclusions - Data indicates that debut of epilepsy has an evident impact on quality of life and a more extensive study is required.

  • 50.
    Sund-Levander, Märtha
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wahren, Lis-Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Drug Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing care in fever: Assessment and implementation1998In: Nordic Journal of Nursing Research & Clinical Studies /Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 27-30Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 50 of 50
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf