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  • 1.
    Bertilsson, Monica
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waern, Margda
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Hensing, Gunnel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Capacity to work while depressed and anxious - a phenomenological study2013In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 35, no 20, p. 1705-1711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to explore experiences of capacity to work in persons working while depressed and anxious in order to identify the essence of the phenomenon capacity to work. Method: Four focus groups were conducted with 17 participants employed within the regular job market. Illness experiences ranged from symptoms to clinical diagnoses. A phenomenological approach was employed. Results: The phenomenon of capacity to work was distinguished by nine constituents related to task, time, context and social interactions. The phenomenon encompassed a lost familiarity with ones ordinary work performance, the use of a working facade and adoption of new time-consuming work practices. Feelings of exposure in interpersonal encounters, disruption of work place order, lost "refueling and a trade-off of between work capacity and leisure-time activities was also identified. The reduced capacity was pointed out as invisible, this invisibility was considered troublesome. Conclusions: A complex and comprehensive concept emerged, not earlier described in work capacity studies. Rehabilitation processes would benefit from deeper knowledge of the individuals capacity to work in order to make efficient adjustments at work. Results can have particular relevance both in clinical and occupational health practice, as well as in the workplaces, in supporting re-entering workers after sickness absence.

  • 2.
    Dahlbäck, Maria
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Dahlgren, Sarah
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utveckling och lärande genom interprofessionell samverkan: En deskriptiv studie av socionomstudenters deltagande på en klinisk undervisningsavdelning2012In: Personlig och professionell utveckling inom socionomutbildningen : en antologi / [ed] Magnus Ottelid, Östersund: Institutionen för socialt arbete, Mittuniversitetet , 2012, p. 92-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett första svenskt bidrag till att mer samlat presentera erfarenheter, studier och exempel från PPU-området för socionomutbildning i Sverige. Åtta universitet och högskolor medverkar i den 200-sidiga antologin.

  • 3.
    Dale, Richard Allan
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Activity and Health.
    Hasselberg, Marie
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    School of Health and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Young adults' experiences with near-injury situations: a critical incident study in Sweden2017In: International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies, ISSN 1920-7298, E-ISSN 1920-7298, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 97-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As injuries are the main health threat for young adults (18–29 years) in industrial countries, a better understanding of injury risk is needed for this population. Using the Critical Incident Technique, this study explores how young people experience situations that have the potential to cause physical injury (i.e., near-injury situations). Clearly, understanding how and why near-injury situations arise can be used to develop strategies to help prevent severe injury. Content analysis was used to categorize the characteristics of the experiences into unexpected risk in ordinary tasksduty first, and price for learning. Young adults’ exposures to new or unusual environmental conditions, especially in unexpected risk in ordinary tasks, should be considered when planning injury prevention strategies. A combination of individual, social, and contextual demands and expectations was identified in both work- and sports-related experiences with near-injury situations. The price for learning, which arises from the added risk involved in learning situations, is another condition that was identified and requires further attention. The Critical Incident Technique proved to be a useful method for identifying near-injury situations that might otherwise have been difficult to recall. Young adults’ efforts to display their ability to handle difficult situations at work and in their everyday lives was identified as a major contributor to near-injury situations.

  • 4.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Spak, Fredrik
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Alkoholkonsumtion, alkoholproblem och sjukfrånvaro - vilka är sambanden?: en systematisk litteraturöversikt : en rapport2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Presenterar resultat från en systematisk litteraturöversikt om samband mellan alkoholkonsumtion respektive alkoholproblem och sjukfrånvaro.

  • 5.
    Marie, Ockander
    et al.
    IHS Linköpings universitet.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity .
    Comments on the Brad Triology2001In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 725-727Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 6.
    Olsson, Louise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Friedrichsen, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Center of Palliative Care.
    Strang, Peter
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Maintaining hope when close to death: insight from cancer patients in palliative home care2010In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 16, no 12, p. 607-612Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports the social and psychological processes that 11 cancer patients receiving palliative home care used to keep their hope alive. Method: The patients described their ways of dealing with hope in interviews and diaries, and it was from these accounts that the processes were extracted, using a grounded theory methodology. Results: Two main processes emerged: maintaining life and preparing for death. When the patients focused on maintaining life, they tried to preserve its meaning and to communicate with others about life and death. They found it helpful to shift their focus and to involve fellow 'travellers' in their journey. To prepare for death was to take responsibility for the future and to see possibilities of living on even after death. Conclusion: This paper revealed two parallel and interdependent processes used by patients in the palliative care phase to maintain hope and respond to living close to death.

  • 7.
    Olsson, Louise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Strang, Peter
    Karolinska Institutet, FoUU, Stockholms sjukhem, Mariebergsgatan 22, SE 112 35 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Friedrichsen, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Center of Palliative Care.
    The Glimmering Embers: Experiences of hope among cancer patients in palliative home care2011In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 43-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The experience of hope among cancer patients in palliative care is important knowledge for health care providers, but research is sparse. The aim of this paper was to explore how cancer patients admitted to palliative home care experienced the significance of hope and used hope during six weeks throughout the last phase of their life and to assess their symptoms and hope status during six weeks throughout the last phase of their lives.

    Eleven adult patients with cancer participated in twenty interviews and completed seven diaries. The participants were recruited from two palliative care units in South-East of Sweden. The methods used were Grounded Theory (GT), and analysis was based on the constant comparative method.

    The core category, glimmering embers, was generated from four processes: (1) The creation of “convinced” hope, with a focus on positive events, formed in order to have something to look forward to; (2) The creation of “simulated hope”, including awareness of the lack of realism, but including attempts to believe in unrealistic reasons for hope; (3) The collection of and maintaining of moments of hope, expressing a wish to “seize the day” and hold on to moments of joy and pleasure; and (4) “Gradually extinct” hope, characterized by a lack of energy and a sense of time running out. The different processes of hope helped the patients to continue to live when they were close to death. Hope should be respected and understood by the professionals giving them support.

  • 8.
    Sverker, Annette M.
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sverige.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hallert, Claes
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Department of Internal Medicine in Norrköping.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sverige.
    I lose all these hours... - exploring gender and consequences of dilemmas experienced in everyday life with coeliac disease2009In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 342-352Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have focused on gendered consequences of coeliac disease (CD), despite the fact that women with coeliac disease report lower health-related quality of life than men do. The aim of this study was to explore consequences of dilemmas in everyday lives for women and men, as personally affected by CD or as close relatives to someone affected by the disease and to put these experiences into context regarding household activities. This QUAL-quan study included 28 men and 38 women. A mix method design was used. The critical incident technique that captures, in a structured way, the qualities of experiences was used in interviews to identify dilemmas and their consequences. To describe the social context of these dilemmas, a quantitative questionnaire was developed on food preparations and purchase, as well as on cooking and meal behaviours. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Health Sciences. The consequences were found in cognitive, social, emotional and physical aspects of human life. The overall pattern of these consequences was similar in women and men irrespective of being personally affected or a close relative. The main consequences identified were: daily concerns about gluten, constant preparation, being different, emotional pressure and body sensations because of CD. Descriptive data extracted from the questionnaire showed that women and men reported having a different social situation in relation to preparing food, making decisions about purchases, buying food products and preparing meals. The clinical implications of these findings are that healthcare professionals need to develop family-oriented information in relation to CD. It is necessary to inform the close relatives irrespective of sex of the possible consequences of the disease and to take in to account the different social context that women and men report in relation to food preparations.

  • 9.
    Sverker, Annette
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Rehabilitation in Central County. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thyberg, Ingela
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Inflammation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Rheumatology.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Rehabilitation in Central County.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Participation in work in early rheumatoid arthritis: a qualitative interview study interpreted in terms of the ICF2014In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 242-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore what work-related dilemmas are experienced by patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to their own descriptions, and to interpret this in terms of participation categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method: In 48 patients with early RA, qualitative interviews were analyzed, followed by linking of concepts to the activity/participation component of the ICF and interpretation of general themes. Results: Work-related dilemmas represented different societal perspectives on work related to acquiring, keeping and terminating a job, self-employment, part-time, full-time and non-remunerative employment. Dilemmas also represented participation priorities in economic self-sufficiency, self-care such as health care, and avoiding social relationships and recreation in favor of work. Leisure time was influenced because efforts of working took energy and time of day-to-day procedures. Embedded actions in work-related dilemmas were carrying out daily routine, mobility including using transportation, self-care, domestic life and social interaction. Conclusion: The general themes societal perspectives, participation priorities and embedded actions, with the included ICF categories that are described in detail according to the experiences of the patients, can support clinical reasoning and research on quantitative relations to disease activity, body functions, ability and contextual factors. Implications for Rehabilitation In early rheumatoid arthritis, keeping a job is complex; patients and practitioners need to know and handle the perspectives of, e.g. employers and social insurance agents. Participation in work is an issue of prioritizing against, e.g. maintaining one's health and social relationships. Rehabilitation practitioners need to analyze what actions are embedded in a work situation.

     

     

     

  • 10.
    Sverker, Annette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre.
    Dilemmas of participation in work and employment in early RA: A qualitative interview study (the Swedish TIRA study)2011In: Health professionals reumatology: [SAT0485-HP], 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Sverker, Annette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Inflammation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Rheumatology.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deltagande i arbete vid tidig reumatoid artrit – en kvalitativ intervjustudie tolkad i termer av ICF2014In: Reumatologi, no 18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Sverker, Annette
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sverige.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hallert, Claes
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Department of Internal Medicine in Norrköping.
    Hensing, G.
    Gothenburg University.
    Sharing life with a gluten-intolerant person – the perspective of close relatives2007In: Journal of human nutrition and dietetics (Print), ISSN 0952-3871, E-ISSN 1365-277X, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 412-422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Several studies indicate the importance of social support in the case of chronic disease.

    Aim The aim was to explore dilemmas experienced by close relatives living with a person suffering from coeliac disease, and to describe the strategies they used to deal with these dilemmas.

    Methods Twenty-three informants were interviewed. A systematic inductive qualitative method, the critical incident technique was used.

    Results Disease-related worries included having bad conscience about not being affected by the disease, experiencing anxiety and witnessing the vulnerability of the affected relative in social situations. Dilemmas related to manage daily life were connected with increased domestic work, restricted freedom of action and the diseased person's preferential right of interpretation of health risks associated with the coeliac disease and deviations from the diet restrictions. Dilemmas related to disturbances in social life, concerned lack of information, knowledge and understanding. Different strategies were described to manage daily life.

    Conclusions Close relatives experienced a variety of dilemmas that affected the situation of the whole family. The role of relatives in handling the coeliac disease with the diseased person in the everyday life might be underestimated, and to provide relatives with better knowledge regarding the disease might improve the situation also for patients.

  • 13.
    Sverker, Annette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Björk, Matilda
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Dilemmas of participation in everyday life in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA): A qualitative interview study (the Swedish TIRA study)2012In: Health professionals reumatology: EULAR12-2344, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre.
    Aspects of participation in work and everyday life in early RA: a qualitative interview study (the Swedish TIRA-study2010In: Health professionals reumatology: AB1042-HP, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. TIRA.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waltersson, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Aspects of participation in work and everyday life in early RA: a qualitative interview study (the Swedish TIRA-study)2010In: Health professionals reumatology: AB1042-HP, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att bedöma professionsspecifika kompetenser2012In: Utbildning - undervisning - utmaning - utveckling :: en rapport från LiU:s utvecklingskonferens 10 mars 2011 / [ed] Elinor Edvardsson Stiwne, Linköping: Linköpings universitet. Centrum för undervisning och lärande , 2012, p. 78-100Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the critical friend concept, peer visit was introduced in our pedagogic course in higher education, in which each course participant was required to perform a peer teaching session visited by one teacher and two classmates;  and additionally paid two visits to others peer teaching sessions as an evaluator.Based on my own experiences, the processes of each other mutually evaluating and being evaluated have provided a great possibility for collectively developing our teaching knowledge. It also enhances self knowledge and confidence through the recognition of others. A regular base in the long run will definitely enhance professional development.

  • 17.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity .
    Citizenship in Nordic Welfare States: Dynamics of choice duties, and participation in a changing Europe by B Hvinden and H Johansson2008In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 407-407Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity .
    Disability as prospect and hinder in work life2007In: Nordic Network on Disability Research NNDR,2007, NNDR , 2007, p. 171-171Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Personlig utveckling- vägen till profssionskompetens i socialt arbete2012In: Personlig och professionell utveckling inom socionomutbildningen: En antologi / [ed] Magnus Ottelid, Östersund: Institutionen för socialt arbete, Mittuniversitetet , 2012, p. 17-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Det är med stor glädje som vi nu kan presentera ett första svenskt bidrag till att mer samlat presentera erfarenheter, studier och exempel från PPU-området för socionomutbildning i Sverige. Hela åtta universitet och högskolor är representerade i denna antologi och resultatet är både tänkvärt och inspirerande. Att det finns ett stort intresse och engagemang för dessa frågor är inte att ta miste på. Eftersom detta just var ett första försök att sammanställa bidrag från utbildningarna gavs alla stor frihet att välja vad de ville skriva om. Resultatet blev därmed lika vildvuxet och spretande som man kunde väntat. Men det är verkligen inget problem. Tvärtom! Det visar väl snarare hur komplext området är – det finns mycket att dokumentera och undersöka. Vi börjar här och får se var det tar vägen. Kanske en nästa antologi kan koncentrera sig på en eller ett par viktiga frågor som belyses från flera håll.

  • 20.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Promoting return to work: lay experiences after sickness absence with musculoskeletal diagnoses2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders constitute the greatest cause of sickness absence from work. Despite research and efforts at rehabilitation, sickness absence due to these disorders has not decreased, but has instead increased, particularly in women. Clients’ perceptions of care and rehabilitation, i.e. knowledge generated from a lay perspective, is a neglected area of research. This thesis deals with lay experiences of rehabilitation following sickness absence due to back, neck or shoulder problems, termed musculoskeletal disorders (MSD).

    Aim: The overall aim was to examine hindering and promoting processes in rehabilitation after sickness absence due to MSD from a lay perspective. Specific aims were to study how lay persons experience rehabilitation agents and rehabilitation activities (paper I), how they describe themselves and their experience in relation to work (paper II), the significance of the private arena regarding return to work (paper III), and how clients who have experienced sickness absence due to MSD perceive contact with rehabilitation agents (paper IV).

    Method: The study population in the four papers is part of a cohort of persons living in the same municipality and who in 1985 were aged 25-34 years and were sick-listed due to back, neck or shoulder diagnoses for 28 days or  more, n=213. During 1995, 148 persons in the cohort responded to a questionnaire, and in 1997-1998, 20 of these persons were interviewed concerning their experiences with rehabilitation. In papers I, II and III the qualitative method of Grounded Theory was used with a focus on creating an empirically-based theory concerning the area under study. Data collection was strategic and analysis of the tape-recorded interviews was done on a continual basis. How previously sick-listed persons experienced contact with professional rehabilitation agents in t he health care sector and social insurance office was investigated in paper IV. Factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse the data in this study.

    Results: The interview study shed light on lay persons’ experiences with medical, social and work-related measures in rehabilitation, their perceptions of rehabilitation actors and family members in relation to rehabilitation, and their self-presentations. The descriptions of lay persons concerned three arenas, the health care arena, the occupational arena, and the private arena. Dilemmas and difficulties in these arenas were described, such as handling the duty to work, experiencing domestic strain, and the experience of lacking socioemotional support from significant persons during the rehabilitation process. In paper I some ideal types of rehabilitation agents emerged from the interviewees’ descriptions concerning the health care arena, and we called these the routine bureaucrat, the empathic administrator, the distant technician, and the professional mentor. The latter agent was requested and was described as a person who could provide socioemotional support, who had professional competence, and who could function as a unifying link during the rehabilitation process. The results from paper II showed that in their self-presentations, the interviewees expressed having a duty to work and that there were differences in how they handled this sense of duty. The selfpresentations contained descriptions of work as a part of personal identity and could be summarised in the following ideal types: the work manic, the workhorse, the workaholic and the relaxed worker. The latter used a strategy that can be considered to promote rehabilitation in that the individual himself/herself had control over his/her work and worked in accordance with his/her own needs rather than those of others. Paper III focused on the private arena. Different patterns were found in the experiences of men and women. Women related that their responsibility for the home and domestic work seldom left any time for themselves, including any time for rehabilitation. Men more often reported having time for themselves that could be used for leisure activities and rehabilitation. Some of the women said that they lacked socioemotional support from their partner and that they had a great deal of responsibility for housework, which seemed to be a hindrance in returning to work after sickness absence. Furthermore, these women, like most of the men, had little education, which could make finding other work alternatives more difficult. Based on the interviews, a hypothesis was developed regarding domestic strain that is related to the distribution of domestic work, the distribution of responsibility for the home, and the quality of the marital relationship. Paper IV dealt with clients’ perceptions of contact with rehabilitation agents in health care and the social insurance office. Three latent dimensions were found in the respondents’ ratings of these contacts: supportive treatment, distant treatment, and empowering treatment. Sex, disability pension status, mental health and diagnostic group were significantly related to how these dimensionswere rated. Women perceived the treatment from both types of rehabilitation agents as more supportive than men. Contact with the social insurance offices were rated higher by persons with disability pensions than by those who had returned to work. Men rated their contact with rehabilitation agents at social insurance offices high on the dimension of distant treatment. Respondents with mental health problems rated the contact as distant for both types of rehabilitation agents, but contact with health care was also scored low on the supportive dimension. Finally, respondents with neck/shoulder diagnoses rated contact with rehabilitation agents in health care as more empowering than was done by persons with back diagnoses.

    Conclusions: From a lay perspective rehabilitation following sickness absence due to MSD occured in three arenas, the health care arena, the occupational arena and the private arena, where the quality of relationships both with rehabilitation agents, persons at work and in one’s private life was described as important regarding the rehabilitation process. This thesis also showed that both sex and health were important factors regarding how lay persons’ perceived contacts with rehabilitation agents during the rehabilitation process following sickness absence due to MSD.

    List of papers
    1. It was really nice to have someone: Lay people with musculoskeletal disorders request supportive relationships in rehabilitation
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>It was really nice to have someone: Lay people with musculoskeletal disorders request supportive relationships in rehabilitation
    2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 285-291Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aims : To explore the lay person's perspective on the rehabilitation process. Methods : A total of 20 interviews were conducted with women and men who had recent or more distant experience of sickness absence with musculoskeletal diagnoses. Grounded theory was used, which includes an inductive approach and theoretical sampling. The interviews focused on the individuals' own stories and experiences of factors that promoted or hindered the rehabilitation process. Results : The interviewees emphasized how and by whom they had been treated rather than what type of rehabilitation programmes they had attended. They focused on the importance of supportive relationships from the private, occupational, and health care arenas. The relationship with rehabilitation agents (professionals who implemented rehabilitation) was described as having either supportive or non-supportive qualities. Based on the interviewees' descriptions, a model was developed on the socioemotional qualities of the rehabilitation agent. The most promoting factor in the rehabilitation process was to have a professional mentor that is a rehabilitation agent who combines a supportive approach with individually chosen rehabilitation measures and goals. Conclusions : The lay person's perspective gave additional knowledge regarding rehabilitation and recovery from musculoskeletal disorders. The socioemotional qualities of the rehabilitation agents were emphasized by the interviewees and a model regarding these qualities was developed. This model needs to be tested further. A clinical implication of the present study is the need for rehabilitation agents to develop their communication skills further.

    Keywords
    Lay; Experiences; Neck; Qualitative; Interviews; Rehabilitation; Shoulder; And; Low; Back; Pain
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25751 (URN)10.1080/140349401317115240 (DOI)10184 (Local ID)10184 (Archive number)10184 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    2. Developing a typology of the 'duty to work', as experienced by lay persons with musculoskeletal disorders
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing a typology of the 'duty to work', as experienced by lay persons with musculoskeletal disorders
    2002 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Musculoskeletal diagnoses account for the majority of cases of reduced work capacity. This article investigates lay persons' strategies in relation to work and musculoskeletal disorders. Twenty interviews were conducted and analysed using grounded theory. A typology of self-presentations was developed. The interviewees' self-presentations revealed a strong sense of a 'duty to work'. This sense of duty took four different forms, leading us to categorise persons expressing particular forms as workaholics, work manics, workhorses or relaxed workers. Relaxed workers seem to have the best prognosis for recovery as they had a confident self-agency and worked to fulfil their own needs rather than those of others. This was in contrast to work manics, with an uncertain self-agency and driven to work by others' needs. In conclusion, awareness of such linguistic forms as self-attributions and idiomatic phrases provides an opportunity to identify and talk about individual's self-agency and driving forces in the recovery process.

    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26250 (URN)10754 (Local ID)10754 (Archive number)10754 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2020-01-23
    3. Domestic strain: A hindrance in rehabilitation?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Domestic strain: A hindrance in rehabilitation?
    2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 49-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders has increased, especially for women. The aim of this paper was to explore women's and men's descriptions of the private arena in relation to rehabilitation and sickness absence. This study is part of a larger project focusing on consequences of sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted in 1997 and 1998 with 20 women and men who had been long-term sick-listed in 1985 with musculo-skeletal diagnoses. The data were analysed using Grounded theory in combination with gender analysis, which involved separately comparing men's and women's statements in order to find similarities and differences. According to the interviewees, factors in the private arena were closely associated with the rehabilitation process. Women described themselves as being responsible for the domestic work while men more often 'helped out' when asked to do so. Women and men described similar strategies to facilitate domestic work. Three dimensions of domestic life were identified, comprising division of domestic work and division of responsibility for domestic life and the amount of socio-emotional support or isolation at home. Using these dimensions, a 'domestic strain model' was developed. Our study indicates that long-term sicklisted women experiencing domestic strain would rather stay at home than return to work. Domestic strain involves inequities in the division of work and responsibilities and a lack of socio-emotional support at home. However, the model of domestic strain needs further empirical testing.

    Keywords
    gender, sick leave, sickness absence, back, neck or shoulder pain, qualitative interview, musculoskeletal diagnoses.
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22066 (URN)10.1111/j.1471-6712.2004.00254.x (DOI)1143 (Local ID)1143 (Archive number)1143 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2020-01-23
    4. Client’s perceptions of contacts with professionals within health care and social insurance offices
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Client’s perceptions of contacts with professionals within health care and social insurance offices
    Show others...
    2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 275-282Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: An increasing number of people interact with professionals within healthcare and social insurance offices during periods of sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders. Knowledge of clients' perceptions of such contact is scarce. This study analysed clients' perceptions of their contact with professionals within healthcare and social insurance offices.

    Methods: A cohort study was conducted in the municipality of Linköping, Sweden. Participants were all citizens who in 1985 were aged 25 - 34 years and had at least one new sick-leave spell due to back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses exceeding 28 days (n=213). In 1996, 11 years after inclusion, a questionnaire about perception of contact with professionals, self-perceived health, and mental health was administered. Register data on sickness absence and disability pension from 1985 - 96 were also obtained.

    Results: Factor analysis indicated the existence of three dimensions of contact with professionals: supportive treatment, distant treatment, and empowering treatment. Women perceived their contact with both social insurance officers and healthcare professionals as more supportive than did the men. Respondents with disability pensions perceived their contact with social insurance officers as more supportive and empowering than persons without disability pensions. Respondents with mental health problems perceived their contact with both types of professionals as more distant. Respondents with neck/shoulder diagnoses perceived their contact with healthcare professionals as more empowering than respondents with low back diagnoses.

    Conclusion: There was a relationship between clients' perceptions of contact with professionals and the sex, disability pension, diagnosis, and mental health of clients.

    Keywords
    clients' perspective of treatment, musculoskeletal diagnoses, sick leave
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13676 (URN)10.1080/14034940210165037 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-01-18 Created: 2006-01-18 Last updated: 2017-12-13
  • 21.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reflektionspass som pedagogiskt verktyg för PPU: - en uppföljning av samtalsledaruppdraget2012In: Personlig och professionell utveckling inom socionomutbildningen / [ed] Magnus Ottelid, Östersund: Institutionen för socialt arbete, Mittuniversitetet , 2012, p. 131-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Det är med stor glädje som vi nu kan presentera ett första svenskt bidrag till att mer samlat presentera erfarenheter, studier och exempel från PPU-området för socionomutbildning i Sverige. Hela åtta universitet och högskolor är representerade i denna antologi och resultatet är både tänkvärt och inspirerande. Att det finns ett stort intresse och engagemang för dessa frågor är inte att ta miste på. Eftersom detta just var ett första försök att sammanställa bidrag från utbildningarna gavs alla stor frihet att välja vad de ville skriva om. Resultatet blev därmed lika vildvuxet och spretande som man kunde väntat. Men det är verkligen inget problem. Tvärtom! Det visar väl snarare hur komplext området är – det finns mycket att dokumentera och undersöka. Vi börjar här och får se var det tar vägen. Kanske en nästa antologi kan koncentrera sig på en eller ett par viktiga frågor som belyses från flera håll.

  • 22.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity.
    Rehabilitering efter sjukfrånvaro ur ett genus- och lekmannaperspektiv2006In: Den komplexa sjukfrånvaron / [ed] Marianne Upmark, Curt Edlund, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, 1, p. 109-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En lättillgänglig bok som sammanfattar patientens, läkarens och försäkringskassans aspekter på sjukfrånvaron. Boken behandlar rehabilitering, förtidspension, hälsoekonomi, och hur de olika välfärdssystemen fungerar gentemot varandra och övriga inblandade. Det sista kapitlet belyser medikalisering som en tänkbar orsak till ökad sjukfrånvaro. Boken är ingen traditionell lärobok som bara bygger på fakta. Den ska i stället ses som en hjälp att öka den allmänna kompetensen och det kritiska tänkandet inför olika typer av beslut. Boken riktar sig till högskolestuderande i utbildningar inom vård, folkhälsovetenskap,  socialt arbete, sociologi och personalområdet. Den lämpar sig också för vidareutbildning av anställda/förtroendevalda inom försäkringskassan, socialtjänsten, arbetsförmedlingen och sjukvården. Även politiker och den som är allmänt samhällsintresserad och som önskar bättre  förstå komplexiteten bakom den svårförklarliga sjukfrånvaron har utbyte av boken.

  • 23.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Borg, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Wide, P
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Hensing, G
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Alexandersson, Kristina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Client´s perceptions of their contacts with rehabilitation agents - reports from persons with exeriences of back, neck, or shoulder disorders2002In: Seventh International Congress of behavioral Medicine 28-31 Augusti 2002,2002, 2002, p. 304-304Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Borg, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wide, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Department of Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
    Alexandersson, Kristina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Client’s perceptions of contacts with professionals within health care and social insurance offices2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 275-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: An increasing number of people interact with professionals within healthcare and social insurance offices during periods of sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders. Knowledge of clients' perceptions of such contact is scarce. This study analysed clients' perceptions of their contact with professionals within healthcare and social insurance offices.

    Methods: A cohort study was conducted in the municipality of Linköping, Sweden. Participants were all citizens who in 1985 were aged 25 - 34 years and had at least one new sick-leave spell due to back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses exceeding 28 days (n=213). In 1996, 11 years after inclusion, a questionnaire about perception of contact with professionals, self-perceived health, and mental health was administered. Register data on sickness absence and disability pension from 1985 - 96 were also obtained.

    Results: Factor analysis indicated the existence of three dimensions of contact with professionals: supportive treatment, distant treatment, and empowering treatment. Women perceived their contact with both social insurance officers and healthcare professionals as more supportive than did the men. Respondents with disability pensions perceived their contact with social insurance officers as more supportive and empowering than persons without disability pensions. Respondents with mental health problems perceived their contact with both types of professionals as more distant. Respondents with neck/shoulder diagnoses perceived their contact with healthcare professionals as more empowering than respondents with low back diagnoses.

    Conclusion: There was a relationship between clients' perceptions of contact with professionals and the sex, disability pension, diagnosis, and mental health of clients.

  • 25.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Hensing, G
    Göteborg.
    Alexandersson, Kristina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Developing a typology of the 'duty to work', as experienced by lay persons with musculoskeletal disorders2002In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Musculoskeletal diagnoses account for the majority of cases of reduced work capacity. This article investigates lay persons' strategies in relation to work and musculoskeletal disorders. Twenty interviews were conducted and analysed using grounded theory. A typology of self-presentations was developed. The interviewees' self-presentations revealed a strong sense of a 'duty to work'. This sense of duty took four different forms, leading us to categorise persons expressing particular forms as workaholics, work manics, workhorses or relaxed workers. Relaxed workers seem to have the best prognosis for recovery as they had a confident self-agency and worked to fulfil their own needs rather than those of others. This was in contrast to work manics, with an uncertain self-agency and driven to work by others' needs. In conclusion, awareness of such linguistic forms as self-attributions and idiomatic phrases provides an opportunity to identify and talk about individual's self-agency and driving forces in the recovery process.

  • 26.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV).
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society.
    Domestic strain: A hindrance in rehabilitation?2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders has increased, especially for women. The aim of this paper was to explore women's and men's descriptions of the private arena in relation to rehabilitation and sickness absence. This study is part of a larger project focusing on consequences of sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted in 1997 and 1998 with 20 women and men who had been long-term sick-listed in 1985 with musculo-skeletal diagnoses. The data were analysed using Grounded theory in combination with gender analysis, which involved separately comparing men's and women's statements in order to find similarities and differences. According to the interviewees, factors in the private arena were closely associated with the rehabilitation process. Women described themselves as being responsible for the domestic work while men more often 'helped out' when asked to do so. Women and men described similar strategies to facilitate domestic work. Three dimensions of domestic life were identified, comprising division of domestic work and division of responsibility for domestic life and the amount of socio-emotional support or isolation at home. Using these dimensions, a 'domestic strain model' was developed. Our study indicates that long-term sicklisted women experiencing domestic strain would rather stay at home than return to work. Domestic strain involves inequities in the division of work and responsibilities and a lack of socio-emotional support at home. However, the model of domestic strain needs further empirical testing.

  • 27.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Marie, Gustavsson Holmström
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vad innebär ett "serviceinriktat" förhållningssätt?: Pilotstudie i Linköpings kommun2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en rapport om en pilotstudie som genomfördes under våren 2006 i Linköpings kommun inom individ- och familjeomsorgen och äldreomsorgen. Syftet var att ringa in områden/verksamheter där ett serviceinriktat för­hållningssätt är lämpligt att studera. Inom individ- och familjeomsorg är de verksamheter som ges som service mer varierade än inom äldre- och handikappomsorgen. På så sätt blir avtrycken där otydligare än inom äldreomsorgen och det serviceinriktade förhållningssättet blir också svårare att studera. I rapporten ges förslag på några specifika fält som är möjliga att fördjupa i framtida studier. Rapporten kan ses som en inspirationskälla till pågående, planerad eller kommande forskning med ett särskilt intresse av nya former för organisering av socialt välfärdsarbete inom socialtjänst.

  • 28.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Thyberg, Ingela
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Valtersson, Eva
    Stenström, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Känslor relaterade till delaktighet begränsningar – erfarenheter från patienter med reumatoid artrit,en kvalitativ intervjustudie2014In: Reumatologi, no 18Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 28 of 28
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