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  • 1.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University School of Business, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From feminism to FemiInc.ism: On the uneasy relationship between feminism, entrepreneurship and the Nordic welfare state.2016In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 369-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in the Nordic countries was primarily formulated in terms of ‘state feminism’. The women’s movement cooperated with feminist government officials and politicians, resulting in societies that can be considered to be the most gender-equal societies in the world. Historically, the state provided for a large publicly-financed welfare sector which made it possible for many women to combine work and family through the state’s implementation of family-friendly policies, while simultaneously providing employment opportunities for many women. However, since the financial crisis of the 1990s, there has been a political change influenced by neo-liberal thought, in which politicians have handed over the welfare state’s responsibilities to the market, and, instead, the politicians have encouraged entrepreneurship, not least among women. Further to this development, there has been a change in emphasis from entrepreneurship (understood as starting and running a business) to entrepreneurialism which, in addition to a belief in the efficacy of market forces, also contains a social dimension where individuals are supposed to be flexible and exercise choice. In this article, we ask whether this entails a change in the feminist project in the Nordic countries, and if so, what the likely consequences are for this project, both in practice and in research. In order to answer this question, we reviewed existing Nordic research on women’s entrepreneurship and examined how this body of work conceptualizes entrepreneurship, gender, the state, and equality. We also considered whether any trends could be identified. We relate our findings to recent changes in government policy and conclude that the current discourse on entrepreneurship challenges, and possibly weakens, state feminism, but we also conclude that this discourse may also provide space for new forms of feminist action, in market terms. We coin the term FemInc.ism to denote feminist action through enterprise and we discuss a number of important challenges that research on this phenomenon is faced with.

  • 2.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, VITS - Development of Informations Systems and Work Context. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kundval – dilemman i gränssnittet mellan privata och offentliga organisationer2010In: Samtal pågår… från forskare till politiker och tjänstemän i kommuner / [ed] Friberg T, Thelander S, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2010, p. 9-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Är det bättre med stora än med små kommuner? Kommer folkrörelsepartierna att bli mer kampanj- och väljarorienterade i framtiden? Hur formas en boendepolitik för det goda åldrandet? Lokala transportstrategier – hur och för vem? Hur påverkas kommunledningars samverkan om gymnasieskolan av att det finns friskolor? Är kulturekonomi framtidens lokala tillväxtmotor?</p><p>Dessa och andra frågor behandlas i denna bok. Den är ett led i Centrum för kommunstrategiska studiers, CKS, arbete med att bygga en dialog – utveckla goda samtal – mellan Linköpings universitet och medlemskommunerna i CKS. Den innehåller fjorton olika artiklar, inlägg, som forskare författat för att förmedla sina resultat, men också för att stärka en dialog med politiker och tjänstemän i kommunerna. Inläggen spänner över många olika ämnen och frågeställningar. De är i vissa fall konkreta och koncisa i andra fall beskrivande och reflekterande. Alla är de av kommunstrategisk karaktär.</p><p>I en kommun fattas en mängd olika politiska beslut kring de mest skiftande ämnen. Det kräver kunskap, reflektion och gedigna beslutsunderlag. Då kan forskares analyser och kunskapsproduktion vara till nytta. För att en fördjupad och samhällsrelevant forskning ska komma till stånd behövs emellertid reaktioner från politiker och tjänstemän. Det finns alltså ett ömsesidigt beroende. Det kan hanteras genom samtal i vilka forskare, politiker och tjänstemän kan utbyta erfarenheter, tankar och kunskaper. Inläggen i denna bok visar att samtal pågår

  • 3.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    To play or not to play: That is the question: Entrepreneuring as gendered play2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 206-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can play be used to unravel the discourse of the gendered hero entrepreneur and instead describe mundane entrepreneuring? Further, how can the doing of gendered social orders be problematized when entrepreneuring is equated with play? In this article we answer these questions by engaging with the French social theorist Caillois (1961) conceptualization of play as being at the heart of all higher culture. Two ethnographic cases act as our vehicle in analysing play as entrepreneuring. From a rich description of these cases we find that it is not a question of playing or not playing, but about how to play. All four forms of play described by Caillois are present, which illustrates the variation of entrepreneuring and the richness of activities conducted in the doing of entrepreneurship. Further, both ways of playing discussed by Caillois are found. Whilst these two ways are interrelated on a continuum in the theory of play, they have been separated in entrepreneurship discourse, where they underpin the tendency to differentiate between the hero entrepreneur and ordinary people. Finally, we engage in a more interpretive and reflective discussion on entrepreneuring as performative acts through which social orders can be not only reproduced but also transformed.

  • 4.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Sustainable Working Life development through interactive research2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive research has emerged as a new approach to collaborative research in working life research, and it is characterized by a continuous joint learning process between the researchers and the practitioners. In this paper we argue that interactive research is a way to advance scientific knowledge about the development of new types of work arrangements and development of sustainable working life. We present the basic ideas and benefits of the interactive research approach, illustrated through a practical case, the HELIX Competence Centre and discuss potential limitation and challenges associated with this form of collaborative research.

  • 5.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Sustainable development in organizations2015In: Sustainable development in organizations: Studies on Innovative Practices / [ed] Elg, Mattias, Ellström, Per-Erik, Klofsten, Magnus, & Tillmar, Malin, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Ellström, Per-ErikLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.Klofsten, MagnusLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.Tillmar, MalinLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Sustainable development in organizations: studies on innovative practices2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasingly competitive environment can lead to considerable problems for many organizations as they struggle to adapt to change. As a result, they fail to create the conditions that can lead to sustainable development over the long term, thus affecting the capabilities of employees. This book provides a fresh perspective on sustainable change and development in organizations, as well as a critical perspective on lean implementation, work environment and sustainability.

    The expert contributors address the development in, and of, organizations, as well as the development process between organizations, such as in networks or clusters. They discuss topics, such as the role of customers in the development of public organizations; developing knowledgeable practice at work; exploring evidence-based practice and the challenge of regional gender contracts.

    Undergraduates and postgraduates in different management fields including organizational theory, innovation, human resources, quality development and entrepreneurship will find this book to be of interest. The empirical results and interdisciplinary approach will appeal to practitioners and policy-makers at national, as well as international levels.

  • 7.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillit i intersektoriell organisering?: en interaktiv longitudinell studie2014In: Lärande i arbetslivet: möjligheter och utmaningar : en vänbok till Per-Erik Ellström / [ed] Henrik Kock, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2014, p. 119-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet vill vi diskutera hur intersektoriell samverkan mellan offentlig, privat och ideell sektor etableras och utvecklas. Mer specifikt vill vi utforska villkoren för och betydelsen av förtroende och misstroende mellan individer och organisationer över tid, i dylika projekt. Detta gör vi genom att närmare utforska och granska ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsprojekt drivet bland annat av ett arbetsintegrerande socialt företag. Projektet har följts över tre år i en höggradigt interaktiv process. På basis av resultaten diskuteras även intersektoriell rörlighet som en av den interaktive forskarens utmaningar och möjligheter.

  • 8.
    Högberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Sköld, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linneaus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Contextualising the coevolution of (dis)trust and control – a longitudinal case study of a public market2018In: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research into the dynamics of trust–control is still inconclusive. In this paper, we offer an in-depth understanding of (dis)trust and control coevolve as embedded in multiple dimensions of context. The paper focuses on public markets, a context which is underrepresented in extant studies on trust and control. Our analysis is based on a longitudinal case study of interorganisational relationships (IOR) between boundary spanners representing purchaser and providers on a customer choice market for home care in a midsized municipality in Sweden. We identify, narrate and analyse critical incidents during seven years of the process. A conceptual framework contextualising the trust–control nexus of a public–private IOR is developed and utilised. We find that while the public–private IOR context requires control, control only enables deterrence trust from the municipal officers and only in individual providers. Interferential rather than symbiotic coevolution of trust and control is the dominating pattern. In addition, we find what we denote as mixed coevolution, where control simultaneously has positive and negative impact on trust. In our case in point, control enables trust in specific providers but this trust is not reciprocated due to experienced distrust on the category level.

  • 9.
    Högberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    New forms of organization: new ways to organize2015In: Sustainable development in organizations: studies on innovative practices / [ed] Mattias Elg, Per-Erik Ellström, Magnus Klofsten, Malin Tillmar, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 169-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations are central to our way of organizing society and understanding the phenomenon of organizing within and between organizations is hence important. In this chapter we focus on dimensions of mobility in efforts at organizing within and between organizations as well as between sectors. It is argued that the public sector is a good place to start if one wants to capture facets of contemporary society, as an understanding of the changes taking place in the public sector is also a means of grasping the increasing hybridisation of organizations taking place also in private and third sectors. In our analysis we highlight examples of intraorganizational, interorganizational and intersectoral organizing and how mobility can be a tool and a goal, as well as a problem and a solution. When it comes to gender, however, the striking image is one of immobility rather than mobility.

  • 10.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Rosell, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Stenberg, Rebecca
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Organizing societal entrepreneurship: a cross-sector challenge2015In: Handbook of entrepreneurship and sustainable development research / [ed] Paula Kyrö, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 130-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Nählinder, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Om ägarskap av långsiktiga och oförutsedda effekter2013In: Att fånga effekter av program och projekt / [ed] Lennart Svensson, Göran Brulin, Sven Jansson, Karin Sjöberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 177-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stora projekt som finansieras av EU utvärderas alltid. Men är dessa utvärderingar rättvisande? Letar man efter de verkliga och hållbara effekterna? Att fånga effekter av stora projekt är en svår uppgift. Inte minst beror det på att verkningarna kan vara av många olika slag - oväntade, icke avsedda, överraskande, dolda och ibland utanför målområdet. Det gör det inte mindre angeläget: dessa effekter kan vara viktigare än de planerade, avsedda och förväntade. I denna bok beskrivs resultatet av ett flertal analyser av utvecklings­arbete i stora projekt och program - i organisationer, på regional nivå, i nationella program med mera. Slutsatserna dras från teoretiska analyser samt från en lång rad empiriska studier. Boken vänder sig till forskare, regionalt utvecklingsansvariga och myndighetsföreträdare. Den kan användas i utbildning av olika slag - inom flera områden i högskolan och till projektledare, utvärderare, följeforskare och finansiärer samt projektägare.

  • 12.
    Nählinder, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds Universitet.
    Towards a gender-aware understanding of innovation: a three-dimensional route2015In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 66-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this study is to discuss the theory of gender bias in innovation studies, to illustrate the gender bias of innovation studies by using empirical means and to suggest what is needed to reduce such bias. Previous studies on innovation have primarily focussed on male-dominated industries. These studies have been biased and hence unable to capture the range of innovations covered by theoretical definitions.

    Design/methodology/approach– An innovation survey was conducted among entrepreneurs in the traditionally “female-labelled” health-care industry, avoiding the “male-labelled” concept of innovation itself in the questionnaire. The authors endeavoured to ascertain whether there is a significant difference between males and females in terms of innovativeness. Quantitative analyses were used to analyse the results and draw comparisons with an ordinary innovation survey.

    Findings– Using a gender-aware operationalisation of innovation, no significant difference in innovativeness was found between men and women. This suggests that more attention is needed to correct the prevailing gender bias in innovation studies. A research model is presented to further understand the gender-biased operationalisations of innovation. Each of its three dimensions has a clear impact upon perceived innovativeness: the gender-label of the sector studied, the gender-neutrality of the operationalisation used in the study and the gender of the actors involved. All dimensions should be taken into account in future innovation studies that aim for gender neutrality.

    Practical implications– Operationalisations for measuring innovations are usually biased. Therefore, women appear less innovative, which, in turn, leads to less visibility.

    Originality/value– Gender perspectives are very seldom employed in innovation studies. In quantitative studies of this sort, it is even rarer. Our empirical evidence from the quantitative study shows the urgency of the need to broaden the concept both in academic, political and public debates. This is not the least for efficiency reasons in resource allocation and public policy.

  • 13.
    Nählinder, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wigren-Kristoffersson, Caroline
    Malmö Högskola.
    Are female and male entrepreneurs equally innovative? Reducing the gender bias of operationalisations and industries2012In: Gender and Innovation / [ed] Andersson, Berglund and Sundin, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Pettersson, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förtroende i samverkan: en studie av småföretagare i ett regionalt utvecklingsprojekt1999Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Förtroende i samverkan" är en licentiatavhandling i företagsekonomi som syftar till att bidra till kunskapen om förtroende i företagarsamverkan. Avhandlingen bygger på en årslång studie av ett samverkansprojekt mellan småföretagare i en landsbygdsregion.

    Studien visar att förtroende kan ha sin grund inte endast i det generella samhället eller i en specifik relation, utan också i föreställningar baserade på kategorier såsom kön/genus och härkomst. Vidare framkommer att förtroende kan röra såväl kompetens och välvillighet som engagemang. Detta innebär att nio olika typer av förtroende kan identifieras, vilka alla påverkar samverkan. Det generella förtroendet lyfts fram som betydelsefullt för såväl specifikt förtroende som för samverkans fungerande. Tankar och idéer framförs kring varför samverkan fungerar i vissa sammanhang men inte i andra liksom hur förtroendefull samverkan kan möjliggöras.

  • 15.
    Sköld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Resilient gender order in entrepreneurship: the case of Swedish welfare industries2015In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 2-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this article is to use quantitative empirical data to analyse the degree of resilience, as well as change or reproduction of the gender order, in the era of New Public Management. The propositions are constructed based on liberal- and socialist-feminist perspectives, and discussed in light of the empirical results.

    Design/methodology/approach

    We report from a longitudinal quantitative study of female-dominated welfare industries. Data, available from Statistics Sweden, include the total population of entrepreneurs available on the individual level. However, the level of analysis that was used in the study was in accordance with the industry level. Data were processed from an aggregated level to the most detailed level of classification.

    Findings

    The findings reveal resilience in the prevailing gender order. The order is being reproduced in the entrepreneurship context, in most of the industries that were studied.

    Practical implications

    The results may potentially have profound impact on entrepreneurship policy, equality policy and public sector restructuring.

    Originality/value

    This quantitative longitudinal study shows a complex pattern on the detailed industry level, which can be understood in terms of male gender labelling of entrepreneurship. The results thus support previous qualitative studies that have observed this phenomenon. Methodologically, this paper contributes to the field by showing that without breaking down the analysis into the different female-dominated industries on a five-digit level, the various results of the public sector reforms and the attendant gendered effects would not have been revealed.

  • 16.
    Sköld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Ahl, Helene
    Avdelningen för psykologi och pedagogik , Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Jönköping University.
    Berglund, Karin
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Institutionen för stad och land, Avdelningen för landsbygdsutveckling, Lantbruksuniversitet, Uppsala.
    Kvinnors företagande i landsbygdskommuner med fokus på Småland och Öland: En kvantitativ kartläggning inom ramen för forskningsprojektet ”Kvinnors företagande för en levande landsbygd”2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En livskraftig landsbygd med tillgång till arbetskraft, arbetstillfällen och välfärdsservice är en aktuell samhällsfråga. Företagandets omfattning på landsbygden är en aspekt som kan ha betydelse för landsbygdskommunernas sårbarhet. Syftet med rapporten är att utveckla kunskap om kvinnors entreprenörskap på landsbygden, som kan ligga till grund för att stimulera landsbygdsutveckling, jämställdhet och vidare forskning, exempelvis genom kvalitativa forskningsmetoder.

    Med hjälp av en databasstudie beskrivs och analyseras omfattningen och karaktären av kvinnors företagande på landsbygden. Till viss del studeras också likheter och skillnader i företagandet mellan kvinnor födda i Sverige och kvinnor födda utomlands, samt mellan kvinnor och män.

    Företagandet är mer omfattande bland de sysselsatta kvinnorna på landsbygden än bland de sysselsatta kvinnorna i tätorterna. Skillnaderna i omfattningen av kvinnors företagande är små mellan olika typer av landsbygdskommuner – de som är avlägset belägna, mycket avlägset belägna eller belägna nära en större stad. Resultaten indikerar snarare att det är kommunernas företagskaraktär eller tradition av företagande som avgör andelen företagare per sysselsatta. Kartläggningen pekar mot att arbetslöshet kan vara ett incitament för företagande – något starkare för de utlandsfödda kvinnorna än för kvinnorna födda i Sverige. Skogsförvaltning och blandat jordbruk är bland de vanligaste näringsgrenarna för både kvinnor och män på landsbygden. I övrigt är dock företagandet mycket könssegregerat med avseende på bransch. De tio vanligaste näringsgrenarna för kvinnor och män skiljer sig markant åt. Kvinnors företag är mest representerade i Hår- och kroppsvård, Restaurangverksamhet, Redovisning och bokföring, Konsultverksamhet avseende företags organisation, Fysioterapeutisk verksamhet samt Litterärt och konstnärligt skapande. Mäns vanligaste näringsgrenar är mer relaterade till landsbygdens kontext av mark- och naturresurser. Kvinnors företag är små, 76 procent är soloföretag och lönsamheten varierar stort. De näringsgrenar där kvinnors företag redovisar högst lönsamhet är i de numerärt mansdominerade näringsgrenarna inom tillverkningsindustrin. Resultaten indikerar därmed könssegregering och hierarki med avseende på arbets- och resursfördelning.

    Kvinnor på landsbygden är mer benägna att vara företagare än anställda om de är gifta, har hemmavarande barn eller en utbildningsnivå lägre än den eftergymnasiala. Det kan tolkas som att företagandet är en lösning för att kombinera arbetsliv med ansvar för hem och barn. De företagande kvinnornas disponibla inkomster är i genomsnitt lägre än för kvinnor med anställning, för män som är företagare och för män med anställning. Att vara gift innebär för kvinnor en lägre disponibel inkomst, men för män en högre disponibel inkomst jämfört med att att inte vara gift. Resultaten visar dock att det inte är de individrelaterade faktorerna som mest bidrar till skillnader i disponibel inkomst, utan, näringsgren och antalet sysselsatta. Manligt könskodade näringsgrenar och stora företag ger högre inkomst. Den övergripande slutsatsen är att företagandet på landsbygden är traditionellt könssegregerat och hierarkiserat, i fråga om resursfördelning.

  • 17.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Nurse and a Civil Servant changing institutions: Entrepreneurial processes in different public sector organizations2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 113-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion that there is strong connection between the private sector and entrepreneurship has resulted in entrepreneurship in the public sector being neglected. This in turn leads to theoretical, practical and political shortcomings. The role of entrepreneurs as change agents is captured in the concept ‘institutional entrepreneurs’, but most studies focus on actors on the higher levels. This article sheds light on previously forgotten or ignored entrepreneurial processes, those taking place within the middle levels of the public sector, and which result in institutional change. We elaborate on the characteristics of the entrepreneurial processes and their prerequisites. The framework draws on the tension between entrepreneurship and the institutional context, and suggests a multi-level approach, drawing on insights from both entrepreneurship studies and new institutional theory. The cases highlight the importance of being able to create alliances and find sponsors to ensure freedom of action and grant legitimacy. The enabling and constraining aspects of the institutional context are illustrated and discussed.

  • 18.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Creative Destruction or Destruction of Creativity2008In: Nordic Small-Business Research Conference,2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Female organisational entrepreneurs in the care sector: the importance of social capital and gender2008In: The Dialogue on Women Entrepreneurs and Social Capital / [ed] Iiris Aaltio, Paula Kyrö and Elisabeth Sundin, Köpenhamn: Copenhagen Business School , 2008, 1, p. -310Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores social capital as the multiple relationships between gender, management and entrepreneurship. Human resources are the social capital of a firm and business life, based on trust as well as on expertise, values and cultural diversity. This calls for cross-cultural knowledge and an understanding of gender issues and individual differences in the social capital of the firm and society. The dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital theory and research has its special place among other women entrepreneurship books, the number of which has lately increased. It strengthens still in some respect the fragmented voice of women entrepreneurship research by providing a landscape of women entrepreneurs as creators of, and created by, social capital. It indicates how women entrepreneurs appear to have a special position in forming, developing and reorganizing the social capital in the business world. In its eleven chapters, twenty-six researchers representing a variety of disciplines from different parts of the world are presenting findings on diverse aspects of the dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital.As a consequence the central concepts, social capital, entrepreneurship and gender, are given a variety of meanings. Women entrepreneurs and business owners regardless of their cultural context, branch and education provide interesting ideas to the global debate on equality and social capital. Iiris Aaltio (Ph.D., Econ.) is Professor of Management at the School of Economics and Business in the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland. She has worked as a Visiting Scholar at the University of Massachusetts, MIT, the University of St. Mary's and Auckland University. Her research is focused on organization culture, gender and organizational entrepreneurship. Paula Kyro (Ph.D. Econ and Ph.D. Educ.) has worked as Professor in both Education and Entrepreneurship. She is currently working as Professor of Entrepreneurship Education at the Helsinki School of Economics, Finland. She has also worked as a Visiting Professor in entrepreneurship at Jonkoping International Business School. Besides women entrepreneurship, her research interests are in the methodology and entrepreneurship education, dynamics of entrepreneurial and enterprising learning and readiness as well as in virtual learning.Elisabeth Sundin (Ph.D, Business Administration and Management) is Professor in Business Administration and Management at Linkoping University, Sweden. She has worked as a Professor at the National Institute of Working Life and also at Jonkoping International Business School. She has done research on SMEs and gender and is now combining the two in research on the reorganisation of the public sector.

  • 20.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Kvinnors entreprenörskap i och genom offentlig sektor: Möjlighetsexploatering eller självexploatering?2008In: Perspektiv på förnyelse och entreprenörskap i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Pär Larsson, Ulla Göransson, Magnus Lagerholm, Örebro: Forum för småföretagarforskning , 2008, p. -178Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      Boken består av fjorton fristående uppsatser som belyser olika teman kring forskning om kvinnors företagande, både vad gäller kunskapsbehov och samhällsrelevans. Boken visar på den mångfald av områden som påverkar kvinnors företagande. Det är till exempel tydligt att det inte enbart är med näringspolitiska åtgärder som man kan intressera kvinnor för och stödja kvinnors företagande. Texterna visar att det är väl så angeläget att studera, och eventuellt förändra, regler och strukturer inom familjepolitikens som arbetsmarknadspolitikens och utbildningspolitikens område. Bidragen visar också hur ett genusperspektiv innebär att begrepp som bl a företagare, entreprenör, innovation och rådgivning måste ifrågasättas för att stöd för kvinnors företagande ska få sin rätta utformning.

  • 21.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kvinnors företagande i spåren av den offentliga sektorns omvandling2011In: Kvinnors företagande - mål eller medel? / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Gun Hedlund, Martin Wottle, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2011, p. 187-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om kvinnors företagande - hinder och möjligheter - utifrån ett mångvetenskapligt och kritiskt perspektiv med forskare från olika samhällsvetenskapliga discipliner.Denna titel har tidigare givits ut av SNS förlag men ingår numera i Studentlitteraturs sortiment.

  • 22.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Kvinnors företagande i spåren av offentliga sektorns omvandling2008In: Sesam öppna dig! Forskarperspektiv på kvinnors företagande. / [ed] Pär Larsson, Ulla Göransson, Magnus Lagerholm, Stockolm: Vinnova , 2008, p. -178Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

       Boken består av fjorton fristående uppsatser som belyser olika teman kring forskning om kvinnors företagande, både vad gäller kunskapsbehov och samhällsrelevans. Boken visar på den mångfald av områden som påverkar kvinnors företagande. Det är till exempel tydligt att det inte enbart är med näringspolitiska åtgärder som man kan intressera kvinnor för och stödja kvinnors företagande. Texterna visar att det är väl så angeläget att studera, och eventuellt förändra, regler och strukturer inom familjepolitikens som arbetsmarknadspolitikens och utbildningspolitikens område. Bidragen visar också hur ett genusperspektiv innebär att begrepp som bl a företagare, entreprenör, innovation och rådgivning måste ifrågasättas för att stöd för kvinnors företagande ska få sin rätta utformning.

  • 23.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Masculinisation of the public sector: Local level studies of public sector outsourcing in elder care2010In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 49-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The paper aims to explore the consequences of new public management (NPM) inspired reforms in general and outsourcing of traditional public sector responsibilities in Sweden to private organizations in particular. At centre stage are the roles of entrepreneurs, women-owned small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and socially constructed paradigms of gender in this process. The paper's aim is to explore, through a local-level case study, the currently ongoing process of gendering and regendering in a female-dominated sector. This is done by a qualitative real-time study of the introduction of a customer-choice system in elder care in a Swedish municipality.

    Design/methodology/approach – The formal decision in Spring 2008 to introduce a “customer-choice model” into home-based elderly care in the municipality is the formal starting point of the research. The authors are given full access to all relevant information and informants including all questions and suggestions from the potential suppliers who were applying to be “authorized and certified suppliers”. Interviews are the main method but also written material like applications and newspaper articles and “letters to the editor” are studied.

    Findings – The outcome of the changes are, from the decision-makers point of view, disappointing. The consequences so far of the customer-choice system, that have been examined here, can be labelled increased masculinism or even a masculinization of the elderly care sector. Whether the polarization is a presage of the process to come is too early to tell. If so, the masculinization observed in this paper extends along three dimensions: governing logic, leadership and ownership. These gender consequences are not those expected or intended by the leading local actors.

    Research limitations/implications – The study is made in an ongoing process. The politicians are making changes aiming at making better working conditions for SMEs and former employees especially women. It is therefore important to follow up what is going to happen in the future. Comparisons with other municipalities and other regimes, nationally and internationally, would also be valuable.

    Practical implications – In this case, the practical implications are, almost, the same as the research implications.

    Originality/value – The real-time research design is used focusing on what is happening in practise at the lower organizational levels of an organizational “experiment” of this kind make this paper unusual and valuable both for researchers and practioners.

  • 24.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Organisational Entrepreneurs in the Public Sectors - Social Capital and Gender2007In: Women, Entrepreneurship and Social Capital - A Dialogue and Construction / [ed] Iiris Aaltio, Paula Kyrö and Elisabeth Sundin, Köpenhamn: Copenhagen Business School Press , 2007, 1, p. 95-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      This book explores social capital as the multiple relationships between gender, management and entrepreneurship. Human resources are the social capital of a firm and business life, based on trust as well as on expertise, values and cultural diversity. This calls for cross-cultural knowledge and an understanding of gender issues and individual differences in the social capital of the firm and society. The dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital theory and research has its special place among other women entrepreneurship books, the number of which has lately increased. It strengthens still in some respect the fragmented voice of women entrepreneurship research by providing a landscape of women entrepreneurs as creators of, and created by, social capital. It indicates how women entrepreneurs appear to have a special position in forming, developing and reorganizing the social capital in the business world. In its eleven chapters, twenty-six researchers representing a variety of disciplines from different parts of the world are presenting findings on diverse aspects of the dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital.As a consequence the central concepts, social capital, entrepreneurship and gender, are given a variety of meanings. Women entrepreneurs and business owners regardless of their cultural context, branch and education provide interesting ideas to the global debate on equality and social capital. Iiris Aaltio (Ph.D., Econ.) is Professor of Management at the School of Economics and Business in the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland. She has worked as a Visiting Scholar at the University of Massachusetts, MIT, the University of St. Mary's and Auckland University. Her research is focused on organization culture, gender and organizational entrepreneurship. Paula Kyro (Ph.D. Econ and Ph.D. Educ.) has worked as Professor in both Education and Entrepreneurship. She is currently working as Professor of Entrepreneurship Education at the Helsinki School of Economics, Finland. She has also worked as a Visiting Professor in entrepreneurship at Jonkoping International Business School. Besides women entrepreneurship, her research interests are in the methodology and entrepreneurship education, dynamics of entrepreneurial and enterprising learning and readiness as well as in virtual learning.Elisabeth Sundin (Ph.D, Business Administration and Management) is Professor in Business Administration and Management at Linkoping University, Sweden. She has worked as a Professor at the National Institute of Working Life and also at Jonkoping International Business School. She has done research on SMEs and gender and is now combining the two in research on the reorganisation of the public sector.

  • 25.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Organiserandet och det fria företagandet2006In: Den oavsedda organisationen / [ed] Daniel Ericsson, Lund: Academia Adacta AB , 2006, p. 21-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

        Den Grundläggande Organisationsteorin utgör i mångt och mycket ett slags självspelande piano: Blickarna riktas per automatik mot myndighetssfärerna och de större internationella industri- och tjänsteföretagen. De perspektiv som anläggs är få till antalet och mer eller mindre självskrivna. Och de problemområden som fokuseras är rätt så förutsägbara ? och därmed också rätt så ointressanta. Som en konsekvens av detta tenderar den komplexa och mångfacetterade verkligheten att reduceras till ett mycket litet antal organisatoriska slagdängor ? refränger som vi i, och genom, monotona upprepningar förleds tro utgöra verkligheten istället för att enbart vara aspekter av densamma. Organisationer har så strukturer, organisationer har kultur, chefer har makt ? och det samtidigt som allt det som faller utanför den Grundläggande Organisationsteorins repertoar blir till något icke-existerande, och något o(av)sett. I denna antologi antyds konturerna av hur en o(av)sedd orga-nisationsteori skulle kunna se ut. Uppmärksamheten riktas mot oavsedda empiriska organisationer som friskola, landsting och ståndssamhället. Oavsedda förlorade organisatoriska betydelser och organiserade maktspel perspektiveras; och spöklikt kusliga frågeställningar reses. Tillsammans visar de olika bidragen på behovet av att ?tänka om? inom det organisationsteoretiska fältet; ?tänka om? såväl i imperativets mening ??tänk om!? ? som i den spekulativa spekulationens betydelse ? ?tänk om det är på det här viset???

  • 26.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pushed into Serial Entrepreneurship2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The intertwining of social, commercial and public entrepreneurship2010In: Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship / [ed] Fayolle, Alan; Matlay, Harry, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010, 1, p. 109-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This timely Handbook provides an empirically rigorous overview of the latest research advances on social entrepreneurship, entrepreneurs and enterprises. It incorporates seventeen original chapters on definitions, concepts, contexts and strategy as well as a critical overview and an agenda for future research in social entrepreneurship. What are the forms and manifestations of social entrepreneurship? To what extent should current developments lead to a redefinition of stakeholders' strategies and roles in the quest for better consideration of the social dimension? The highly regarded group of contributors addresses these questions in some detail. They also explore social entrepreneurship from a multicultural perspective in order to highlight the diversity of social entrepreneurship forms and practices and, from a strategic perspective, to investigate the essential role played by various actors and factors in the development of social entrepreneurship.

  • 28.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Masculinization of the Elderly  Care Sector: Local-Level Studies of Public Sector Outsourcing2010In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 49-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    – The paper aims to explore the consequences of new public management (NPM) inspired reforms in general and outsourcing of traditional public sector responsibilities in Sweden to private organizations in particular. At centre stage are the roles of entrepreneurs, women‐owned small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and socially constructed paradigms of gender in this process. The paper's aim is to explore, through a local‐level case study, the currently ongoing process of gendering and regendering in a female‐dominated sector. This is done by a qualitative real‐time study of the introduction of a customer‐choice system in elder care in a Swedish municipality.Design/methodology/approach– The formal decision in Spring 2008 to introduce a “customer‐choice model” into home‐based elderly care in the municipality is the formal starting point of the research. The authors are given full access to all relevant information and informants including all questions and suggestions from the potential suppliers who were applying to be “authorized and certified suppliers”. Interviews are the main method but also written material like applications and newspaper articles and “letters to the editor” are studied.Findings– The outcome of the changes are, from the decision‐makers point of view, disappointing. The consequences so far of the customer‐choice system, that have been examined here, can be labelled increased masculinism or even a masculinization of the elderly care sector. Whether the polarization is a presage of the process to come is too early to tell. If so, the masculinization observed in this paper extends along three dimensions: governing logic, leadership and ownership. These gender consequences are not those expected or intended by the leading local actors.Research limitations/implications– The study is made in an ongoing process. The politicians are making changes aiming at making better working conditions for SMEs and former employees especially women. It is therefore important to follow up what is going to happen in the future. Comparisons with other municipalities and other regimes, nationally and internationally, would also be valuable.Practical implications– In this case, the practical implications are, almost, the same as the research implications.Originality/value– The real‐time research design is used focusing on what is happening in practise at the lower organizational levels of an organizational “experiment” of this kind make this paper unusual and valuable both for researchers and practioners.

  • 29.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Trust in New Public Management: Municipalities and business in cooperation2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Uppföljning av "Eget val" i hemtjänsten i Linköpings kommun: Utförarperspektiv2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport redovisar resultaten från en studie i Linköpings kommun av införandet av Linköpingsmodellen för Eget val inom hemtjänsten ur ett utförarperspektiv. Beskrivningarna har strukturerats framförallt utifrån utförarens storlek, eftersom de små företagens problem och villkor i sammanhanget är särskilt viktiga. I sammanfattningen ges kortfattade svar på de frågor som ställs i berördanämnders beslut (Dnr An 2007 0015; Dnr Om 2007 0018). Frågorna är de som återfinns nedan.

    Utförarnas agerande, åsikter och erfarenheter av Eget val-modellen hänger samman med det basansvar som knutits till kommunens servicehus. Anledningen till att Linköpings kommun valde att enligt LOV upphandla basansvar var att skapa ett ”ickevalsalternativ”. Ickevalsalternativet skulle vara en utförare som kunde ge alla hemtjänstens insatser, det vill säga den som inte valde skulle alltså få sin hemtjänsts alla delar av en utförare. Servicelägenheter är ett särskilt boende. Kommunen har ansvar för hälso- och sjukvård i särskilt boende och ingår därför i basansvaret. Fördelningen av basansvaret, och hur den nuvarande situationen uppstod, är avgörande både för hur modellen fungerar och hur den upplevs. Reformerna kan ses som försök att skapa marknader. Marknadsbegreppet används därför i analysen.

  • 31.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför ska kvinnor starta eget inom vård och omsorg?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Är det något särskilt med offentlig sektor?2010In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 3-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Hård, U
    Kvinnors företagande - arbetsmarknadsbeteende och organisatorisk lösning2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 34.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Att stödja kvinnors företagande: Lärdomar från projektet DISA2004Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Breaking out of Distrust: A case study of Small-Business Cooperation in Tanzania2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 36.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Breaking out of Distrust: Preconditions for Trust and Cooperation between Small Businesses in Tanzania2005In: Trust under Pressure: Empirical Investigations of Trust and Trust Building in Uncertain Circumstances / [ed] Katinka Bijlsma-Frankema, Rosalinde Klein Woolthuis, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited , 2005, p. -286Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    the book is an attractive read for a wide array of social scientists. . . We believe this book offers a set of thought-provoking insights and suggests several promising avenues for further empirical work on trust. Maxim Sytch and Niro Sivanathan, Personnel Review This book challenges the current thinking on trust largely based on studies in stable contexts, by presenting new empirical studies of trust and trust building in a number of less stable, less institutionalized settings. These contexts are gaining in prominence given the globalization and virtualization of organizational relations, development of high velocity markets, and the growing importance of intangible resources. The empirical studies presented in this book have been conducted by scholars with a wide variety of disciplinary backgrounds, employing insights from a diverse range of fields including organization theory, knowledge management, sociology, psychology, economics, management, human resources management and communication sciences. Data from twelve different countries, including Eastern and Western European countries, Mexico, Tanzania and Western European countries is analysed, illustrating relations within and between organizations and nations. These organizations exist in environments that can be typified as uncertain because institutional, taken-for-granted or rational bases for control and trust are lacking. Several fresh insights into how trust is built and sustained in uncertain circumstances are presented, and relevant yet challenging directions for future research are proposed. This accessible and interdisciplinary book will appeal to a wide-ranging audience encompassing academics from a number of fields focussing on trust. It will also be warmly welcomed by business and management practitioners, particularly those confronted with developments that create uncertainty

  • 37.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cross-Cultural comparative case studies: a means of uncovering dimensions of trust2011In: Handbook of research methods on trust / [ed] Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering, Mark N.K. Saunders., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'A tour-de-force of trust research methodologies, from surveys methods to critical incidents to hermeneutics. . . will prove invaluable to trust researchers of every stripe.- Aks Zaheer, University of Minnesota, US

    'This book fills an important gap. The burgeoning field of trust research has employed a wide variety of definitions and methods, but until the appearance of this Handbook there was no comprehensive overview of them. Its contributions, many written by leading international experts, cover conceptual issues as well as qualitative and quantitative methods. The editors are all working at the frontiers of trust research and in this Handbook they have compiled an indispensable source of reference for years to come.'- John Child, University of Birmingham, UK

    'This is the right book at the right time. Central to the advancement of research on trust is the need to address a host of methodological, empirical, and analytical challenges. This Handbook provides a vital resource for doing so and holds the promise of infusing the literature with novel and enhanced approaches for studying and understanding trust. Researchers new to the field as well as established experts will find a wealth of insights contained herein.' Bill McEvily, University of Toronto, Canada

  • 38.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    From employment to self-employment through New Public Management: The role of trust2005In: Conference of European Sociological Association,,2005, Torun: Institute of Sociology Nicolaus Copernicus University Torun , 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Företag, offentliga marknader och det politiska entreprenörskapet2011In: Politikens entreprenörskap: Kreativ problemlösning och förändring / [ed] Marie-Louise von Bergmann-Winberg, Elin Wihlborg, Malmö: Liber, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ser politikens entreprenörskap ut? Gäller samma regler och processer här som inom de klassiska entreprenörskapsteorierna? Kan vi lära av varandras entreprenörskap, och hur gör vi det i olika sammanhang?Hur kan man studera och förstå politikens entreprenörskap? Entreprenörskap har blivit ett modeord inom flera vetenskapsområden och står för något positivt och eftersträvansvärt. Tidigare har det varit en fråga för det privata näringslivet, där det alltid har kommit fram nya entreprenörer inom olika branscher. I den här boken lyfts de politiska entreprenörerna fram – entreprenörer som verkar inom den offentliga sektorn och i samarbete med näringsliv och ideella organisationer.

  • 40.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gendered small-business assistance: lessons from a Swedish project2007In: Journal of European Industrial Training, ISSN 0309-0590, E-ISSN 1758-7425, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 84-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to deal with the design of small-business training programs and focuses on women business owners, their real needs and the supply of adequate training. How and to what extent are client selection and support needs influenced by the gender system?

    Design/methodology/approach – An in-depth study of an ambitious Swedish project is reported. Interviews with the participating business-owners and advisors, combined with observations during lectures and coaching sessions have been conducted.

    Findings – Even gender-conscious support organizations may have a biased process of client recruitment, leading to an unintended discrimination of women business owners. The women meet the same obstacles as men but also give witness to the subtle obstacles which originate in the gender-system.

    Research?limitations/implications – The study is qualitative and does not aim to provide statistically valid generalizations.

    Practical implications – Gender awareness of support organizations is crucial, in client selection as well as in designing programs and when coaching. These business owners need to understand the gender system in order to handle it more effectively. It is argued that special programs are still needed, even in a country like Sweden known for its relative equality between women and men.

    Originality/value – The context is interesting and the longitudinal in-depth approach brought the author unusually close to advisors and participants. It enabled an understanding of what happened over a short period of time in the minds of those involved, regarding sensitive issues.

  • 41.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Laila Jahansson: Entreprenören som hjälpte andra att starta eget2004In: Den offentliga sektorns entreprenörer: En porträttbok / [ed] Elisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Kommentus , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    No Longer So Strange? (Dis)Trust in Municipality-Small Business Relationships2009In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 401-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a trust perspective is applied to the relationship between local government and their alternative service providers in the era of new public management. The importance of category-based (dis)trust is highlighted, as well as the complications occurring when service providers belong to several categories, all of which are in some respect distrusted. More specifically, the article illustrates how gender and professional hierarchies influence municipal trust in service providers. The complexities of trust in public sector outsourcing relationships are highlighted, as the trust that citizens' show in the service providers also affects the trust of the municipality.

  • 43.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sectoral Intertwining at the grass-root level2012In: Societal entrepreneurship :: positioning, penetrating, promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson, Birgitta Schwartz, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 33-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most social ventures cross the boundaries between the private, the public and the non-profit/voluntary sectors, and this broad involvement of actors and intertwining of sectors makes the label 'societal' entrepreneurship more appropriate. Stating the importance of both the local and the broader societal context, the book reports close-up studies from a variety of social ventures. Generic themes include positioning societal entrepreneurship against other images of collective entrepreneurship, critically penetrating its assumptions and practices and proposing ways of promoting societal entrepreneurship more widely.

  • 44.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Societal entrepreneurs in the health sector: crossing the frontiers2009In: Social Enterprise Journal, ISSN 1750-8614, E-ISSN 1750-8533, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 282-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore societal entrepreneurship in the turbulent health-care sector in a changing welfare state, Sweden. Empirically oriented questions about the businesses explored in this paper are: how do the entrepreneurs see combining “health-driven” and profit-driven enterprises? What mindset and strategies guide their enterprises? What organizatorial solutions are used?

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on two case-entrepreneurs, selected due to the author's perception of them as successful both as businesses and as societal change agents. The entrepreneurs have been interviewed by means of unstructured dialogues.

    Findings – Both entrepreneurs prove to be frontier crossing combiners in several dimensions; they unite ideological commitment with economically sound businesses, they bring together their medical professions and complementary methods of treatment, they combine bridge building with challenging and they reconcile part-time entrepreneurship with employment.

    Research limitations/implications – With regard to the long-term preconditions for societal entrepreneurship, it is concluded that these two entrepreneurial processes have traits of both opportunity- and self-exploitation. The long-term social sustainability of enterprises of this kind is an issue for further research.

    Originality/value – The paper goes beyond non-profit research by exploring societal entrepreneurship in the for-profit sector, with focus on entrepreneurship which crosses sectoral borders.

  • 45.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Studies on women's entrepreneurship from Nordic countries and beyond2013In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, p. 4-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish tribalism and Tanzanian agency: preconditions for trust and cooperation in a small-business context2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-business cooperation has increasingly been recognized as important for economic development, not only in Sweden but also in developing countries like Tanzania. This dissertation deals with preconditions for horizontal small-business cooperation, taking a point of departure in the literature on trust. The context dependence of these issues is acknowledged by identifying influential rules of the game in two different settings.

    The dissertation is based on two separate studies of a longitudinal character, one in Sweden and one in Tanzania. Male and female small-business owners were interviewed and observed during meetings and seminars. A detailed account of cooperative endeavors in each of the two countries is first presented and based on that a comparative analysis is conducted. Not only differences, but also interesting similarities, between the Swedish and the Tanzanian context are identified. Constraints resembling tribal conflict were not exclusive to Tanzania and individual efforts (agency) in Tanzania enabled trust and cooperation despite severe institutional constraints. Based on the studies, a conceptual framework and a metaphor of preconditions for trust and cooperation are developed. Finally, implications with regard to how smallbusiness cooperation could be supported are discussed.

  • 47.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish tribalism and Tanzanian entrepreneurship: preconditions for trust formation2006In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 91-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to explore the preconditions for trust formation using a comparative approach. It takes an empirical point of departure, in two longitudinal and ethnographically inspired studies in the differing contexts of Sweden and Tanzania. The comparison reveals many similarities between the contexts with regard to the influence of informal institutions, as well as the significance of categories in trust formation. Perhaps surprisingly, trust and co-operation are not as low as could be expected in Tanzania, given the inadequate formal institutional environment, but instead, the greater need for co-operation evoked entrepreneurial initiatives that enabled the creation of trust. While the Swedish small-business owners could afford their ‘tribalism’, Tanzanians created trust in an entrepreneurial way. The importance of interventions to understand the local institutional framework is highlighted and it is argued that arranging business training, or similar events, is a fruitful way to facilitate the trust creation process in development contexts.

  • 48.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Trust in New Public Management: Municipalities and businesses in cooperation2005In: EISAM Workshop on Trust,2006, Amsterdam: Vrije Universitet , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Villkor för eget företag inom vård- och omsorg2006In: När anställda blir företagare: studier om företagande i ett strukturomvandlings- och arbetsmarknadsperspektiv / [ed] Elisabeth Sundin och Annette Thörnquist, Stockholm: Arbetslivsintitutet , 2006, p. -273Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rubriken ”Anställda blir företagare” syftar på ett forskningsområde som studerar hur och varför anställda övergår till att försörja sig som företagare eller som företagare i kombination med anställning. Rubriken refererar således främst till försörjningsstrategier hos anställda, det vill säga strategier som huvudsakligen handlar om att undgå arbetslöshet och att rädda jobben på den egna orten. Detta problemområde rör följaktligen även forskning om strukturomvandling, arbetsliv och arbetsmarknadsrelationer. Att bli företagare eller ”starta eget”, enskilt eller kooperativt, knyter också an till forskningsinriktningar med entreprenörskap, självständighetsdrivkrafter och identitet i centrum. I boken möts dessa ansatser, det vill säga arbetslivsforskning knyts samman med entreprenörsforskning och kooperationsforskning. Detta möte har också varit projektets övergripande ambition. Det är vår övertygelse att vi har mycket att lära av varandra och att vi kan berika varandra.

    Utifrån studier av konkreta fall fokuserar bidragen i antologin på drivkrafterna bakom att anställda har blivit företagare i en eller annan form, dvs. vad som har legat bakom valet av ett sådant handlingsalternativ samt i vilket samhälleligt och historiskt sammanhang detta fenomen har uppträtt. Vi inriktar oss också på vilka konsekvenser företagandet har fått för individerna själva och för andra aktörer på marknaden och arbetsmarknaden. Under senare årtionden har många anställda startat eget på grund av arbetslöshet eller också har de anlitats som egna företagare genom utkontrakteringar och avknoppningar av verksamheter både inom den privata och offentliga sektorn. I sådana fall har företagandet ofta varit en nödlösning för den tidigare anställde. Även historiskt sett har steget från anställd till företagare ofta tagits i tider av arbetslöshet förorsakad av strukturomvandling, lågkonjunktur eller arbetskonflikter.

    Antologins bidrag spänner över en lång tidsperiod från mellankrigstiden fram till idag. Tonvikten ligger på de senaste decenniernas utveckling, men ambitionen har varit att tolka dagens företeelser i sitt historiska sammanhang. Varje tid ger upphov till sin typ av företagande – eller brist på företagande. De små företagen är, vare sig de har startats av anställda eller inte, både skapade och skapare av den existerande näringslivsstrukturen.

  • 50.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Våffer gör di på detta viset? Villkor för småföretagande inom omsorgen ur ett institutionellt perspektiv2005In: Nordisk Företagsekonomisk Förenings konferens,2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
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