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  • 1.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Att hitta stilen, Doktorandhandledning i teori och praktik2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Benchmarking tool for improved corporate social responsibility in purchasing2010In: Benchmarking: An International Journal, ISSN 1463-5771, E-ISSN 1758-4094, ISSN ISSN 1463-5771, EISSN 1758-4094, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 340-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a benchmark tool that can be applied to improve corporate social responsibility (CSR) in purchasing. The tool has been tested on two companies that illustrate how the benchmarking tool can be applied.

    Design/methodology/approach – A literature review provides arguments for the importance of a benchmarking tool in the area of social responsible purchasing. The literature review also provides information about the practices and activities that can be applied as well as a structure for these. Empirical data are based on the sustainability reports of two companies.

    Findings – A benchmarking tool for social responsible purchasing is developed. The tool facilitates companies in their structuring, categorising and presenting of relevant data in order to benchmark their social responsibility in purchasing. The testing of the tool provided concrete examples of activities that can be used to address different aspects of CSR in purchasing.

    Practical implications – The largest contribution is the development of a benchmarking tool that can be of great help for companies and organisations in their striving towards increased social responsibility in purchasing. The tool provides guidance to companies who want to understand the areas in which their strengths and weaknesses lie. The paper can also inspire and motivate companies to discover and try new ideas and ways to address CSR matters in purchasing.

    Originality/value – The paper develops a benchmarking tool that can be applied in the area of corporate social responsible purchasing.

     

  • 3.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Den logiska logistikern2008In: TEMPO-om fart och det föränderliga, Sweden: Makadam förlag , 2008, p. 105-115Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Effektiv och miljöanpassad distribution2000Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Environmental considerations when selecting transport solutions2003In: NoFoMa,2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Environmentally responsible distribution2001In: ELA Doctorate workshop,2001, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hållbara logistiksystem2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor logistisk miljöutmaning har sin kärna i transporterna. Det är dock hela logistiksystemets utformning som avgör hur transportbehovet ser ut. Genom utformandet av logistiksystem och de krav som ställs på exempelvis underleverantörer kan vi påverka förhållanden långt utanför den egna organisationen.I Hållbara logistiksystem ges en övergripande bild av de  komplexa samband som finns mellan logistik och hållbarhet. Boken  behandlar miljö, samhälle och ekonomi med fokus på den miljö mässiga dimensionen. Ett viktigt ledord är situationsanpassning. Det gäller att förstå den unika situation, kontexten, som en  organisation befinner sig i och hur logistiksystemet ser ut för att kunna identifiera bra lösningar.Boken riktar sig mot kurser inom hållbar logistik vid högskolor, universitet eller annan eftergymnasial utbildning. Den kan även användas som ett komplement i logistikutbildningar för att ge hållbarhetsaspekten ett ökat fokus.

  • 8.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Influence from the business environment on environmental purchasing - Drivers and hinders of purchasing green transportation services2011In: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 11-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Awareness of the business environment in which a company operates is important for its success in purchasing. Consideration to the natural environment is increasingly important for long-term success of purchasing. A mail survey is used to investigate the character of different factors that can influence the environmental purchasing of transportation services. Factor analysis suggests that the factors can, to a large extent, be grouped according to actors involved. The largest factors regard the internal management, image, resources of the firm, customer demands, carriers and governmental means of control. Most factors work as drivers. Some differences have been identified when comparing the surrounding environment of the environmental purchasing of transportation services and the surrounding environment commonly described in the more general purchasing and environmental management literature. The uniqueness of this study can be found in the large number of contingency factors considered, the focus on purchase of transportation services, as well as in the Swedish context in which the study has been conducted.

  • 9.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Introducing corporate social responsibility to logistics strategy2009In: NoFoMa Conference, Book of proceedings, Jönköping, 2009, p. 80-94Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Linking strategic logistics change to labor rights2010In: Social responsibility journal, ISSN 1747-1117, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 580-592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Purpose – This paper aims to describe how research literature and logistics practitioners respectively describe the link between logistics and corporate social responsibility, focusing on the link between strategic logistics change (location, capacity and number of facilities as well as the design of supplier and customer network) and labor rights.

    Design/methodology/approach – A literature review on the topics corporate social responsibility, green logistics and sustainable supply chain management was performed. A mail survey (103 respondents) was conducted in order to explore how strategic logistics changes have influenced corporate social responsibility. Step-wise regression analyses were used to identify relationships between strategic logistics decision making and the influence on labor rights.

    Findings – There is a general unanimity in literature that logistics is an important area with regards to corporate social responsibility. Eight significant relations were identified linking strategic logistics changes to changes in the consideration of labor rights.

    Practical implications – The study provides an understanding of how corporate social responsibility, focusing on labor rights, is influenced by strategic logistics changes. This can increase the understanding and the need for taking labor rights aspects into consideration in strategic logistics decision making as well as identification of what aspects of labor rights that are most important to consider in different types of logistics changes.

    Originality/value – This study shows the importance of considering social responsible aspects regarding labor rights in strategic logistics decision making. Furthermore, as the empirical data are based on a Swedish sample it is an important complement to current, often American, studies within the field.

     

  • 11.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Logistics decision levels, activities and sustainability focus among swedish retailers2015In: Book of proceedings, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Mot hållbara försörjningskedjor: CSR i SCM2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport utgör i sig själv en sammanfattning av forskningsprojektet ”Vägledning till hållbara försörjningskedjor” som genomfördes mellan åren 2006 och 2009. Fokus i rapporten kommer att ligga på projektets olika resultat.

    Projektet har som övergripande syfte att studera CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) inom logistikområdet. CSR definieras i detta project som “a concept whereby companies decide voluntarily to contribute to a better society and a cleaner environment” (Commission of European Communities, CEC2001:2).

    Projektet har resulterat i journalartiklar, konferenspapper och examensarbeten. Flertalet olika aspekter av hållbar logistik har behandlats i olika delstudier och i artiklar och rapporter skildras allt från ex. kartläggningar av nuläget, statistiskt signifikanta samband mellan olika hållbarhetsdimensioner och logistik, till normativa verktyg för ett hållbart logistikarbete. Denna rapport belyser översiktligt olika del- och slutresultat från detta projekt.

  • 13.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Operational insufficiencies in creating an environmentally responsible distribution system2001In: NoFoMa,2001, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 14.
    Björklund, Maria
    Department of Industrial Management and Logistics Engineering Logistics, Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Sweden.
    Purchasing Practices of Environmentally Preferable Transport Services: Guidance to increased shipper considerations2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The logistical activity of transport is one of the largest contributors to several environmental problems. One efficient and effective way to decrease the environmental impact from transports is to implement changes in the logistically related strategies and activities applied, such as the selection of transport suppliers. Consideration of the environmental aspect when purchasing transport services is still quite an unexplored area, and the need for guidance is large and desired by many firms. The objective of this study is to provide guidance about how shippers can increase their environmental concern when purchasing transport services. Theory regarding purchasing of environmentally preferable transport services is very limited. As a result, an elaborated frame of reference has been built on the basis of related areas, such as transport, purchasing and environmental practices. A survey study of 50 shippers operating within either the food or forestry sectors in Sweden showed that most respondents take the environmental aspects into consideration to a greater extent than required by law when purchasing transport services. Furthermore, most respondents had increased their environmental consideration when purchasing transport services during the last five years. There exist many practices that can be applied when purchasing environmentally preferable transport services. One common denominator of these practices is that they can be seen as parts of an environmentally preferable purchasing process developed in the present study. An analysis based on the survey study findings and the theoretical frame of reference shows that all survey study respondents can increase the environmental ambition of the practices applied. A further analysis of these potentials to improve the environmental ambition resulted in eight guiding principles. A tool was also developed which can provide guidance as to how shippers in a structural, efficient and effective way can address the first four of these principles. The eight guiding principles that my study suggests are important for shippers to look into are: -To see the environmentally preferable purchasing process for transport services as a whole. -To strive to apply a more uniform level of environmental ambition in the practices. ?To know the strengths and weaknesses of the environmentally preferable purchasing practices applied. ? To strive to apply similar practices within the company. -To initiate change, if needed and possible, in the internal conditions. -To continuously improve the practices applied. -To be as clear as possible in all communication. -To increase the information exchange with internal and external actors.

  • 15.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Strategic Insufficiencies in creating an environmentally responsible distribution system2001In: NoFoMa,2001, Reykjavik: NoFoMa , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sustainable logistics business cases2017In: Book of abstract, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    THE ENVIRONMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PURCHASING, DRIVERS, FACILITATORS, AND BARRIERS OF PURCHASING GREEN TRANSPORT SERVICES2008In: NoFoMa,2008, Helsingfors: NoFoMa , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The influence of collaboration on greening logistics service2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Transport och miljö2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    What constitute a functioning business model for urban consolidation centres?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Critical factors for viable business models for urban consolidation centres2017In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979, Vol. 64, p. 36-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Although urban consolidation centres (UCC) worldwide have improved urban freight distribution and reduced externalities, other UCC initiatives have not materialised due to problems such as for example, business model limitations. All the same, researchers have rarely described business model components relevant to city logistics. In response, the purpose of this article is to analyse critical factors for viable business models of city logistics initiatives involving UCCs. Following an extensive literature review and multiple-case study of five initiatives with UCCs, we identified seven critical factors of viable city logistics business models: the ability to scale up and down the UCC solution; an ability to continuously develop and adapt to a dynamic environment; the important entrepreneurial role of the initiator as well; the acknowledgment of society; ability to innovate new services; logistics and supply chain management competence; and the ability to take full advantage of advanced IT. All seven factors describe continuously redeveloped business models seeking to seize new and unexpected opportunities, yet also indicate that city logistics systems require local authorities and municipalities to act as initiators, enablers, and customers. The models also underscore differences between purely commercial and purely municipal city logistics initiatives.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-10-06 17:38
  • 22.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    GREENING CITY LOGISTICS, THE CHALLENGE OF MEASURING AND PRESENTING ENVIRONMENTAL GAINS2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ekdahl, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Miljöhänsyn vid uppbyggnad av ett nytt logistiksystem: En fallstudie på Returpack Svenska AB2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna pilotstudie är en del av det Vinnovafinansierade forskningsprojektet ”Konkurrenskraftiga affärsmodeller för att mäta framtidens krav på hållbara logistiksystem” som utförs av logistikavdelningen vid Linköpings universitet. Fallföretaget, Returpack Svenska AB (RP), ansvarar för retursystemet av aluminiumburkar och PET-flaskor i Sverige. För att klara av förväntade volymökningar och att samtidigt minska miljöpåverkan har RP initierat ett förändringsarbete i logistiksystem för returhantering av aluminiumburkar och PET-flaskor.

    Syfte: Föreliggande studie syftar till att studera den förändring som genomförs i RP’s logistiksystem utifrån ändringar i ansvarsfördelning, logistiksystemets uppbyggnad, fysiska och monetära flöden, miljöpåverkan och företagets affärsmodell.

    Metod: Materialet har framtagits utifrån intervjuer och möten utförda under hösten 2008 och våren 2009 med Ekonomichef Hans Funke, Vd Pelle Hjalmarsson, Kvalitets och miljöchef Ingrid Bjurnell, Logistikchef Marie Skoog, Mats Abrahamsson LIME och förre VD:n Jan Rehnberg. Sammanlagt har 5 intervjuer och möten genomförts om vardera 1-2 timmar. Som underlag för intervjuerna användes en intervjumall, se bilaga 1.

    Till grund för studien ligger även flera konsultrapporter (LIME-rapport nr 1och 2) som utreder miljö- och kostnadsvinster med olika tänkbara logistikupplägg för returtransporter. Även företagsintern data och material från hemsidan m.m. har använts som grund för denna studie.

  • 24.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Environmental performance in transport contracts2011In: EUROMA book of proceedings, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Hållbara logistikinnovationer (HLI) i handels- och logistikföretag2016In: / [ed] Peter Berling & Helena Forslund, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linneaus University.
    In search of sustainable logistics innovation2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaues University.
    The inclusion of environmental performance in transport contracts2013In: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 214-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inclusion of environmental performance in transport contracts, and to study whether differences in inclusion can be explained by managerial involvement.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a survey of shippers and logistics service providers in Sweden. Regression and cluster analysis were used to link managerial involvement to inclusion of environmental performance.

    Findings – Companies that include environmental performance in transport contracts do not necessarily consider how to measure the environmental performance and how to handle non-compliance. The most common performance metrics to include are CO2 emissions and energy use. A higher degree of managerial involvement is related to larger inclusion of environmental performance. Findings also indicate that transportation managers play a very central role for inclusion of environmental performance in contracts.

    Research limitations/implications – The paper offers a theoretical contribution to transport contract and performance management theory by expanding it to encompass environmental performance. The authors provide some descriptive and explanatory results in a Swedish context.

    Practical implications – The managerial contribution is to show practices and provide an understanding of the use of contracts for environmental performance, which in analogy with previous research can lead to environmental performance improvements.

    Originality/value – Few identified studies focus on regulating environmental performance in transport contracts.

  • 28.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    The shades of green in retail chains' logistics2014In: Sustainable Logistics / [ed] Cathy Macharis, Sandra Melo, Johan Woxenius, Tom Van Lier, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014, p. 83-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This study aims to illustrate how retail chains with a green image align sustainable logistics actions, logistics measurements and contracts with logistics service providers (LSPs), and to develop a classification model that allows for a description of the various shades of green within companies.

     Design/methodology/approach

    We carried out a multiple case study of four retail chains with a green image operating in the Swedish market, collecting empirical data from the retail chains’ sustainability reports and home pages and conducting interviews with logistics, transportation and supply chain managers.

    Findings

    Based on the literature, we developed a classification model for judging green image, green logistics actions, green measurements and green contracts. The model is used to illustrate the different shades of green found within the respective retail chains. A green image seems well-aligned with green logistics actions. However, there are more levels to judge, and the measurement systems are not sufficiently developed to track green logistics actions. Contract handling is more developed among retail chains than measurements, which is positive, as this is a way of ensuring that LSPs are involved. In our classification model, greenwashing can be judged in a more nuanced way, delving deeper under the surface.

    Research limitations/implications

    The provided classification model adds to our knowledge and illustrates the alignment within companies’ sustainable logistics. The robustness of the model can be strengthened by applying it to a larger number of cases and by continually validating its content and evaluation criteria.

    Practical implications

    The study’s main practical contribution is the classification model, which may potentially serve as a method for managers to easily judge the green alignment of a retail chain’s logistics.

    Originality/value

    Few empirical studies capture how retail chains measure environmental logistics performance, and even fewer concern contracts stipulating the environmental demands placed on LSPs.

  • 29.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Forslund, Helena
    Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU) (Logistik), Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    The shades of green in retail chains' logistics2013In: Proceedings from the 25th International NOFOMA conference, Göteborg, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business & Economics, Växjö, Sweden.
    The sustainable logistics innovation process: an exploratory study2016In: NOFOMA 2016 - Proceedings of the 28th Annual Nordic Logistics Research Network Conference / [ed] Lauri Ojala, Juuso Töyli, Tomi Solakivi, Harri Lorentz, Sini Laari, Ninni Lehtinen, Turku, Finland: University of Turku Press , 2016, p. 35-51Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Sustainability has become an important aspect for improving logistics, and the development ofmore sustainable logistics operations calls for innovative thinking. The purpose of this study isto explore how the sustainable logistics innovation (SLI) process is managed by some retailersand LSPs in order to suggest a framework for describing and analysing the SLI process.

    Design/methodology/approach: Literature on general, logistics and sustainable innovation processes is studied. A multiple-casestudy in five Swedish retailers and LSPs is conducted. With a pattern-matching approach, theSLI processes in the companies are analysed and a framework is suggested.

    Findings: A framework for the SLI process is suggested and its differences from general innovationprocesses are highlighted, such as the use of 3BL business cases. It shows the characteristics ofthe SLI process and which actors that are involved. The SLI process can vary largely and stillgenerate SLIs. However, managerial improvement potentials were found in several phases ofthe process.

    Research limitations/implications: This study addresses the lack of empirically based research in logistics innovation and expandsit to retailers. It expands our knowledge into SLI, where the framework can be applied tostructure and understand SLI processes, and to identify improvement potentials.

    Practical limitations/implications: Managerial implications are found in the limited customer involvement in idea generation andthe often “secret” way of evaluating ideas. As the companies can be seen as forerunners in SLI,managers can get inspiration by studying how the process is managed.

    Originality/value: Very few studies are found in the area of sustainable logistics innovation.

  • 31.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Transportrelaterar CSR-arbete: för ökad lönsamhet och innovation2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att möta trender såsom ökad internationell konkurrens måste framtida transportsystem inte bara vara ekonomiskt utan även socialt och miljömässigt hållbara. CSR-arbetet måste lyftas till en affärsmässighet där hållbara transportsatsningar blir en integrerad del av affärsutvecklingen och stödjer näringslivets långsiktiga och hållbara konkurrenskraft. För detta krävs nytänkande och innovationskraft. Kunskapen kring hur CSR-arbete kan göras företagsekonomiskt intressant är starkt begränsad. Det saknas kunskap kring hur företagsekonomiskt intressanta tjänster och processer kan utformas som stödjer en utveckling mot satta transportpolitiska mål och miljömål, och som stöds av mätning och uppföljning.

    Fokus i detta projekt har legat på att identifiera, beskriva och analysera innovationer som kan medföra att transportrelaterat CSR-arbete ger effektivare verksamheter och/eller kundservice. Transportutövare och transportköpare (här handelsföretag) har fokuserats. Handelsföretag kan i sin roll som länk mellan kunder och producenter och med sin ofta starka förhandlingskraft påverka CSR-arbetet även utanför företagsgränserna. De stora potentialer som finns i gränssnitten mellan transportsystemets aktörer har därmed lyfts fram.

  • 32.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Department of Accounting and Logistics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Persdotter Isaksson, Maria
    School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Exploring logistics-related environmental sustainability in large retailers2016In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 38-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore and illustrate ways in which the world’s largest retailers describe their logistics-related environmental considerations, their environmental indicators applied to measure the effects of these considerations and their environmental consciousness in their CSR reports.

    Design/methodology/approach – Classification models are developed via a literature review on logistics-related environmental considerations, indicators and consciousness. A content analysis approach is then applied to examine CSR reports from 12 of the world’s largest retailers.

    Findings – Few retailers show environmental considerations in all logistics activities, but purchasing is especially well described. Even if many retailers claim to use the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) framework, no one uses is completely. Judging consciousness from CSR reports raised a number of questions.

    Research limitations/implications – A contribution to theory is the development of two classification models. The first provides a description structure for environmental considerations related to logistics activities. The second expands the GRI indicator framework by incorporating a structure for logistics activities.

    Practical implications – The classification models developed can be an important mean for managers and also consumers to judge the environmental sustainability of retailers by their CSR reports.

    Social implications – The study makes a social contribution with its input on sustainability and especially environmental issues.

    Originality/value – Few studies have focused upon environmentally sustainable logistics in retail chains, and even fewer address how to measure environmental sustainability in this context.

  • 33.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    S.Ülgen, Veronica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hållbarhetsarbete i transportförsörjningskedjor2017In: Hållbarhetsarbete i transportförsörjningskedjor, Göteborg, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Implementation of coordinated urban distribution and consolidation centres: –A Swedish municipality perspective2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Freight transportation in urban areas is an important area in the development of more sustainable cities. Several Swedish municipalities have recognised the inefficiency in the flow of goods to their premises, resulting in negative environmental, economical and social impact. Some Swedish municipalities have started to consolidate their distribution, separate the purchase of goods from the purchase of transport services, as well as started to place demands on the transportation service purchased. However, different establishments are applied by different municipalities, and there is a lack of overview and knowledge exchange between different initiatives.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse activities in the Swedish municipalities’ development process of consolidated urban distribution in order to identify important knowledge dissemination and collaborative actions. Empirical data is gathered from interviews, internet information and brochures regarding initiatives taken by three Swedish municipalities.

    The investigation of the initiatives shows several similarities but also many differences. The results also provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated in the organisation. There is a need for an expanded collaboration between actors to make the freight transports in the cities more efficient. Increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities overcome several of these weaknesses. This area of research is still in its infancy and new areas for further research are identified in this paper.

  • 35.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Coordinated distribution to municipality facilities; a Swedish perspective2013In: Proceedings from the 25th International NOFOMA conference, Göteborg, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Toward sustainability with the coordinated freight distribution of municipal goods2015In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, p. 194-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities play an important role in the development of sustainable societies, particularly by way of public procurement. Within this area, municipal governments can significantly impact the environment by placing environment-conscious demands on the products and services purchased. At the same time, municipalities are largely responsible when it comes to decreasing the fastest growing source of CO2 emissions in urban areas: road transport. Yet, while much has been done to curb the environmental impact of passenger transport, freight transport seems to have been nearly forgotten. Some Swedish municipalities have set a good example by coordinating the distribution of goods to their facilities and by separating the purchases of goods from those of distribution services. Although municipalities claim that cooperation and knowledge dissemination are central to developing sustainability management, it remains unclear how such should be applied to coordinated urban freight distribution. This paper thus aims to describe and analyse activities in Swedish municipalities' developmental processes of promoting the coordinated freight distribution of goods, in order to identify which activities of knowledge dissemination and collaboration should be prioritised. Empirical data were gathered from interviews, the Internet, and brochures for initiatives taken by Swedish municipalities. Results indicate that the initiatives demonstrate several similarities and differences, as well as provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated into municipal organisation. Above all, results indicate a need for increased collaboration among actors to make freight transport in Swedish cities more efficient, as well as that increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities to overcome several of their weaknesses.

  • 37.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    Expanding the Boundaries of Supply Chain Management: People, Planet and Profit2008In: Logistics Research Network,2008, Liverpool: CiLT, UK , 2008, p. 389-394Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Huge-Brodin, MariaLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Greening Logistics2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging awareness of climate threats and other environmentally related problems creates challenges for logistics. Greening logistics introduces various avenues to understand and improve logistics systems from an environmental perspective. Freight transport is part of, as well as a consequence of, the logistics 
system, where the environmental challenges cannot, and should not, be met at the cost of efficiency and competitiveness. During the last decade, research into green logistics has expanded and matured dramatically. From being in the outskirts of the logistics field, environmental considerations have become a more natural part of logistics research. This book provides examples of research performed by Swedish PhD students, and illuminates parts of the multifaceted area of green logistics research. The PhD students have each contributed with one chapter, in which they present their research in their own words. Greening logistics is aimed at various audiences: for students and teachers in universities and professional programmes – to facilitate the understanding of a complex, important, and emerging area; for business – to demonstrate green logistics’ important role, and provide inspiration and guidance for further development; for funding bodies – to demonstrate the strength of a joint funding initiative: the development of research competence at various universities; and for researchers – as inspiration and introduction to the area of green logistics.

  • 39.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    THe emerging challenge of CSR in SCM: state-of-the-art among large swedish companies2008In: NOFOMA,2008, Helsinki: NOFOMA , 2008, p. 89-104Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Designing a business model for redistribution of surplus food2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Larsson, Everth
    Logistik Lunds tekniska högskola.
    Livsmedelsbranschens transporter i Skåne2000Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Larsson, Everth
    Logistik Lunds Tekniska Högskola.
    Uppföljning av miljö- och trafiksäkerhetskrav ställda vid upphandling av skolskjutsar i Ängelholms kommun2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 43.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Martinsen, Uni
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    From city logistics problems to solution - a multiple stakeholder perspective2014In: The 26th International NOFOMA conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Martinsen, Uni
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Performance Measurements in the Greening of Supply Chains2012In: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 29-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In response to increasing demands on improved environmental performance, companies need to develop their capabilities in assessing the environmental performance of their operations. Knowledge among practitioners as well as solid research results in this area lacks. This paper aims to present a framework of dimensions important to consider regarding environmental measurement in supply chain management. The paper also aims to present a practical example on how environmental performance measurements can be a success by applying these dimensions.

    Design/methodology/approach: Literature regarding logistics management and performance measurement is coupled with theories regarding environmental logistics and green supply chain management. A framework is developed. A case study based on four actors in a reverse supply chain is used to illustrate the framework.

    Findings: The paper outlines important aspects to consider in the design of environmental performance measurements in supply chain management and identifies shortcomings in existing research. The case presents successful examples of how environmental performance measurements can be applied across managerial levels as well as company borders in a supply chain.

    Practical implications: The literature review shows shortcomings in the measuring tools applied today. The case provides examples of how these shortcomings can be addressed.

    Originality/value: This paper addresses the intersection between environmental logistics and performance measurements. The case shows how environmental performance measurements can be applied over a single company’s borders by including four different actors in the supply chain.

  • 45.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Martinsen, Uni
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The role of systems description in city logistics2012In: Proceedings of the 17th annual logistics research conference: Go for gold - Winning the supply chain triathlon: Creating social, economic and environmental value / [ed] Richard Wilding, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Academic papers and theses: to write and present and to act as an oponent2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An educational method that is becoming all the more common at colleges and universities is that of the seminar. In the seminar, students write academic papers and reports, present them, and act as opponents on each other’s work. The book covers all the sections that are normally included in the seminar. The learning environment of the seminar is based on a scientific way of thinking and on scientific methods. With its point of departure in this foundation, the book aims to provide easily accessible information and advice about the ways in which academic work can be organized and carried out. Furthermore, the book takes up issues regarding layout, presentation of one’s work, opposition, and cheating, as well as criteria used to assess academic papers and theses.

    The book is intended for use on first-cycle levels at university colleges and universities, and within other forms of post-secondary school education.

    There is also a Swedish version of the book with the title: Seminarieboken – att skriva, presentera och opponera.

  • 47.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Lunds Universitet.
    Att opponera2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 48.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Lunds Universitet.
    Att presentera2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 49.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Lunds Universitet.
    Att skriva2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 50.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Lunds Universitet.
    Seminarieboken: att skriva, presentera och opponera2012 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En undervisningsform som blir allt vanligare vid högskolor och universitet är seminariet. Här skriver studenterna uppsatser och rapporter, presenterar dessa och opponerar på varandras arbeten. Seminarieboken täcker alla de delar som normalt ingår i seminariemomentet. Grunden utgörs av ett vetenskapligt tänkesätt och vetenskapliga metoder. Boken försöker utifrån denna grund att på ett lättillgängligt sätt ge information och råd om hur uppsatsarbetet kan läggas upp och genomföras. Dessutom behandlas layoutfrågor, presentation av arbetet, opposition, fusk och kriterier för bedömning av uppsatser.

    Boken är tänkt att användas på grundläggande nivå vid högskolor, universitet och inom annan eftergymnasial utbildning.

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