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  • 1.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care.
    A study of the dialogue between parents and nurse at the first home visit.2001In: Protection, prevention, promotion : development and future of child health services,2001, Göteborg: Nordiska Hälsovårdshögskolan , 2001, p. 141-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

        

  • 2.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Att lära sig samtala. Samtalsträning under professionsutbildning2012In: Delaktighetens praktik: det professionella samtalets villkor och möjligheter / [ed] Pia Bülow, Daniel Persson Thunqvist & Inger Sandén, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 1, p. 161-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delaktighet och kommunikation är centrala ideal inom vård, omsorg och socialt arbete. Men vad innebär delaktighet i praktiken och hur kan teorier om delaktighet och professionella samtal förstås i olika praktiska sammanhang? Med utgångspunkt i svensk och internationell forskning ger den här boken en djupare inblick i villkor och möjligheter för professionella samtal.

    I ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv på kommunikation presenteras exempel från nya studier på vad delaktighet innebär inom en rad miljöer: nödsamtal, akut- och specialistsjukvård, äldreomsorg, biståndsbedömning, arbetsrelaterad rehabilitering och vårdutbildning. Boken passar väl för utbildningar till sjuksköterska, socionom, arbetsterapeut, sjukgymnast och läkare. I boken beskrivs även olika metoder för datainsamling och analys av data. Det innebär att boken med fördel kan knytas till metodundervisning och examensarbete på avancerad nivå.

  • 3.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barns och föräldrars möte med sjuksköterskan i barnhälsovården2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish child health care for children 0-7 years has a participation rate ofnearly one hundred per cent. Its work is preventive, and its ambition is toprevent health problems in preschool children and to promote good health in them and their families. The nurse is the key person and communication with parents and children is one of the important tools she uses in performing her tasks.

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyse the communication that takes place in encounters between the child health care nurse and families with children, during both visits to the child health care centre and visits in homes. The empirical material consisted of audio- and videotape recordings of five first visits to families with newborn children, of fortyfour visits of families to nurses at child health care centres, and of interviews with home visit participants. Data was primarily analysed qualitatively.

    Most of what the families and the nurses discussed during the encountershad reference to the Swedish child health promotion programme, whetherthe encounters took place at the child health care centre or in participants' homes. This fact steered the interaction to a great extent. The nurses introduced the majority of topics in the conversations, but parents and children also brought up new topics. Advice, based to a great extent on the nurse's expertise, was given during almost every visit at the child health care centre. The nurse seldom encouraged parents to find their own solutions to various problems. Instead she offered standard solutions and answers to their questions. Non-verbal communication was a significant feature in the interaction. Video analysis contributes to a deeper understanding of the nurse's tasks, and also shows that the children were very active in the interaction.

    List of papers
    1. What they talk about: Conversations between child health centre nurses and parents
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>What they talk about: Conversations between child health centre nurses and parents
    2001 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 659-667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The voluntary child health promotion programme reaches virtually all children in Sweden and each child will visit the child health centre about 20 times until it has reached school age. The practical responsibility for the tasks at the child health centre resides mainly with the nurse. The nurse’s talk is the main instrument used to carry out health examinations, detect health problems and developmental deviations, pass on information and give individual advice and support to families.

    Aim. The aim of the study is to explore the content of the conversations and analyse its relationship to both the child health promotion programme and the question of which party decides what is talked about in these encounters.

    Methods. The empirical study, approved by the Committee for Ethics in Medical Investigation, was conducted at three child health centres in medium-sized towns in Sweden. Data collection consisted of audiotapes of 44 visits to these child health centres. The tape-recorded conversations were transcribed verbatim and constitute the material. The analysis was content-orientated and was performed in four steps: coding and generating topics, categorization of topics, identifying the initiator and searching for regularities.

    Results/Conclusion. The results showed that the most common issues discussed concerned the child’s development (mainly physical aspects), situational matters and questions about procedures and routines. The nurses initiated most of the topics discussed and her dominance was established with the help of the official child health promotion programme. The findings evoke ideas about what possibilities the parents have of making their voices heard during the conversations. The conclusion is that the findings indicate a need for further research on nurse-parent/child communication during visits to the child health centre to acquire knowledge about the interactional consequences in the conversation when some topics are discussed but others are not.

    Keywords
    child health care, parents, children, nurse, encounter, interaction
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21217 (URN)10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.02023.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2009-09-30 Created: 2009-09-30 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Nurses' Work with Empowerment during Encounters with Families in Health Care
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurses' Work with Empowerment during Encounters with Families in Health Care
    2002 (English)In: Critical Public Health, ISSN 0958-1596, E-ISSN 1469-3682, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 351-363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    One goal of Swedish child healthcare work is to empower parents, and thereby reinforce them in their parental roles. It may, however, be difficult to put this ideology into practice because the concept of empowerment is abstract, and because it is unclear what this concept means in practice. The overall aim of this article is to examine critically and discuss empowerment in nurses' work, in their everyday encounters with families in child healthcare. An empirical study was conducted at three child health centres in medium-sized towns in Sweden. Data collection consisted of audiotapes of 44 visits by families to nurses at these centres. The tape-recorded conversations were transcribed verbatim and have been used as data. Data were analysed qualitatively by examining the advice-giving sequences, to see the extent to which the nurse tried to involve and encourage parents to participate actively in problem solving, and how frequently the nurse enquired about the parents' opinions and ideas. It was revealed that the nurses dominated advice giving in these visits to the extent that they took the initiative in the majority of the advisory sequences that occurred, and that they decided both when advice should be given and the nature of the advice. Furthermore, there were remarkably few examples that could be called empowering or have an empowering function in the advice giving. The nurse instead gave standard solutions and answers in response to various questions from the parents, reinforcing her own role as an expert.

    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32812 (URN)10.1080/0958159021000029559 (DOI)18746 (Local ID)18746 (Archive number)18746 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    3. The institution enters the family home: Home visits in Sweden to new parents by the child health care nurse
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The institution enters the family home: Home visits in Sweden to new parents by the child health care nurse
    2004 (English)In: Journal of Community Health Nursing, ISSN 0737-0016, E-ISSN 1532-7655, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 15-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate interactional patterns in the dialogue that occurs during home visits of the nurse to new parents, to find out whether there are similarities between home visits and visits to the child health care centers, and to discuss this in relation to what is emphasized as important in home visits. Audiotaped conversations of encounters during 5 home visits to new parents and interviews with parents and nurses were collected and analyzed qualitatively. Results show that the interactions were orchestrated by the nurse, and operated on an agenda that was task-oriented. The interaction was dominated by the nurse, and thus was asymmetrical. It seemed that the nurse was attentive to what the parents brought up in the discussions and responded to their worries very thoroughly, in accordance with the ideology. However, sometimes the parents were not even involved in the nurse's activities.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23756 (URN)10.1207/s15327655jchn2101_2 (DOI)3268 (Local ID)3268 (Archive number)3268 (OAI)
    Note

    The original title of this article was: The institution enters the family home : Home visits to new parents by the child health care nurse.

    Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    4. Joint working relationships: Children, parents and child healthcare nurses at work.
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Joint working relationships: Children, parents and child healthcare nurses at work.
    2004 (English)In: Communication & Medicine, ISSN 1612-1783, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 71-83Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In child healthcare children's development is examined and assessed. The main aim of this article is to explore the different ways in which a child health nurse establishes joint working relationships with children and parents. Few studies in child healthcare include nonverbal interaction. It was found that a child often responds to the actions of the nurse and the parent by physical and bodily actions and by the direction of his/her gaze. The nurse has to be able to shift between several different interactional modes using various nonverbal communicative means. She uses her body to shift positions together with shifts in gaze in order to establish an interactional focus and a relationship with the child. The nurse also uses different artifacts in the room as well as the child's spontaneous activities during the assessment of the child's development. In addition, she uses the parents' relationships with their children in order to gain their support and to encourage their children in performing tasks. An important methodological consequence of this study is that it is necessary to use video-recorded data when interactions of this kind are analyzed.

    Keywords
    child healthcare, child-parent-nurse interaction, nonverbal interaction, joint working relationships, video analysis
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22845 (URN)10.1515/come.2004.007 (DOI)16808690 (PubMedID)2185 (Local ID)2185 (Archive number)2185 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
  • 4.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Barns och föräldrars möte med sjuksköterskan i barnhälsovården. Sammanfattning av doktorsavhandlingen.2003In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 4, p. 24-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Multiparty talk during encounters in child health care2009In: Seventh Interdisciplinary Conference on Communication, Medicine & Ethics, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nurses' Work with Empowerment during Encounters with Families in Health Care2002In: Critical Public Health, ISSN 0958-1596, E-ISSN 1469-3682, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 351-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One goal of Swedish child healthcare work is to empower parents, and thereby reinforce them in their parental roles. It may, however, be difficult to put this ideology into practice because the concept of empowerment is abstract, and because it is unclear what this concept means in practice. The overall aim of this article is to examine critically and discuss empowerment in nurses' work, in their everyday encounters with families in child healthcare. An empirical study was conducted at three child health centres in medium-sized towns in Sweden. Data collection consisted of audiotapes of 44 visits by families to nurses at these centres. The tape-recorded conversations were transcribed verbatim and have been used as data. Data were analysed qualitatively by examining the advice-giving sequences, to see the extent to which the nurse tried to involve and encourage parents to participate actively in problem solving, and how frequently the nurse enquired about the parents' opinions and ideas. It was revealed that the nurses dominated advice giving in these visits to the extent that they took the initiative in the majority of the advisory sequences that occurred, and that they decided both when advice should be given and the nature of the advice. Furthermore, there were remarkably few examples that could be called empowering or have an empowering function in the advice giving. The nurse instead gave standard solutions and answers in response to various questions from the parents, reinforcing her own role as an expert.

  • 7.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Patientundervisning och patienters lärande.2007In: Patientundervisning och patienters lärande, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The institution enters the family home: Home visits in Sweden to new parents by the child health care nurse2004In: Journal of Community Health Nursing, ISSN 0737-0016, E-ISSN 1532-7655, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 15-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate interactional patterns in the dialogue that occurs during home visits of the nurse to new parents, to find out whether there are similarities between home visits and visits to the child health care centers, and to discuss this in relation to what is emphasized as important in home visits. Audiotaped conversations of encounters during 5 home visits to new parents and interviews with parents and nurses were collected and analyzed qualitatively. Results show that the interactions were orchestrated by the nurse, and operated on an agenda that was task-oriented. The interaction was dominated by the nurse, and thus was asymmetrical. It seemed that the nurse was attentive to what the parents brought up in the discussions and responded to their worries very thoroughly, in accordance with the ideology. However, sometimes the parents were not even involved in the nurse's activities.

  • 9.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    What they talk about: Conversations between child health centre nurses and parents2001In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 659-667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The voluntary child health promotion programme reaches virtually all children in Sweden and each child will visit the child health centre about 20 times until it has reached school age. The practical responsibility for the tasks at the child health centre resides mainly with the nurse. The nurse’s talk is the main instrument used to carry out health examinations, detect health problems and developmental deviations, pass on information and give individual advice and support to families.

    Aim. The aim of the study is to explore the content of the conversations and analyse its relationship to both the child health promotion programme and the question of which party decides what is talked about in these encounters.

    Methods. The empirical study, approved by the Committee for Ethics in Medical Investigation, was conducted at three child health centres in medium-sized towns in Sweden. Data collection consisted of audiotapes of 44 visits to these child health centres. The tape-recorded conversations were transcribed verbatim and constitute the material. The analysis was content-orientated and was performed in four steps: coding and generating topics, categorization of topics, identifying the initiator and searching for regularities.

    Results/Conclusion. The results showed that the most common issues discussed concerned the child’s development (mainly physical aspects), situational matters and questions about procedures and routines. The nurses initiated most of the topics discussed and her dominance was established with the help of the official child health promotion programme. The findings evoke ideas about what possibilities the parents have of making their voices heard during the conversations. The conclusion is that the findings indicate a need for further research on nurse-parent/child communication during visits to the child health centre to acquire knowledge about the interactional consequences in the conversation when some topics are discussed but others are not.

  • 10.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    Hur normalitet skapas och förändras under det dagliga arbetet i grundskolan.2006In: Normalitetens förhandling och förvandling.: en antologi om barn, skola och föräldraskap / [ed] Judith Lind, Stockholm: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion , 2006, p. 197-229Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

              Vad innebär det att vara ett alldeles vanligt barn? Är det detsamma som att vara normal eller att ha önskvärda egenskaper? Vilka är i så fall dessa egenskaper och vem definierar dem? Antologin behandlar dessa frågor och bidragen utgår från såväl vetenskapliga diskussioner som vardagliga sammanhang. Förf:na spårar på olika sätt de processer som bidrar till att skapa och upprätthålla, men även ifrågasätta, förhandla och förändra normalitet     

  • 11.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Foldemo, Anniqa
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Teaching Communication Skills in the Nursing Programme2006Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandén, Inger
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Omvårdnad genom kommunikativa handlingar2014In: Omvårdnadens grunder: perspektiv och förhållningssätt / [ed] Febe Friberg, Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, p. 507-537Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sandén, Inger
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Omvårdnad genom kommunikativa handlingar2009In: Omvårdnadens grunder: Perspektiv och förhållningssätt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1:1, p. 201-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Omvårdnadens grunder - Perspektiv och förhållningssätt syftar till att belysa omvårdnad ur olika perspektiv, för att ge underlag till kritisk diskussion och utveckling av ett reflekterat förhållningssätt i omvårdnadsarbetet. Ett antagande är att omvårdnad inte entydigt kan definieras, men genom att belysa det ur olika perspektiv skapas utkikspunkter från vilka omvårdnad kan "ses", studeras och problematiseras. I bokens kapitel medverkar ett 30-tal svenska experter, varav flertalet sjuksköterskor med doktorsexamen, och tecknar några utmaningar för framtiden. Boken tar utgångspunkt i livscykel och hälsa, vilket medför att ett flertal områden lyfts fram: patienten som person, mognad, växt, dagligt liv, kritiska övergångar mellan olika livsskeden, lidande, död, genus, sociala relationer, kulturell mångfald, livsstil, kommunikation, lärande och etik. Inom dessa områden beskrivs perspektiv och förhållningssätt av betydelse för omvårdnad. Bokens kunskapsunderlag utgörs av empiriska forskningsresultat, teorier, filosofi och praktiska exempel.Omvårdnadens grunder består av totalt tre publikationer utan inbördes ordning: Perspektiv och förhållningssätt, Ansvar och utveckling, samt Hälsa och ohälsa. I första hand är böckerna avsedda som kurslitteratur för sjuksköterskestudenter på grundläggande nivå. Eftersom det är ett nytt standardverk inom omvårdnad kan även kliniskt verksamma sjuksköterskor och andra inom hälso- och sjukvården ha nytta av böckerna.Vill du beställa hela paketet till ett förmånligt pris? Klicka härFörstapristagare av Kurslitteraturpriset 2010

  • 14.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sätterlund Larsson, U
    n/a.
    Giving advice to families with a new-born child1999In: Samtal och språkanvändning i professionerna, Uppsala: ASLA , 1999, p. 33-47Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Baggens, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sätterlund Larsson, U
    n/a.
    Men nu, förstår ni, nu rekommenderar vi andra saker.: En studie av distriktssköterskans rådgivning vid första hembesöket hos föräldrar som fått barn.1999In: Möten - en vänbok till Roger Säljö / [ed] Ullabeth Sätterlund Larsson, Kerstin Bergqvist, Linköping: Tema Kommunikation, Univ. , 1999, p. 141-167Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Joint working relationships: Children, parents and child healthcare nurses at work.2004In: Communication & Medicine, ISSN 1612-1783, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 71-83Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In child healthcare children's development is examined and assessed. The main aim of this article is to explore the different ways in which a child health nurse establishes joint working relationships with children and parents. Few studies in child healthcare include nonverbal interaction. It was found that a child often responds to the actions of the nurse and the parent by physical and bodily actions and by the direction of his/her gaze. The nurse has to be able to shift between several different interactional modes using various nonverbal communicative means. She uses her body to shift positions together with shifts in gaze in order to establish an interactional focus and a relationship with the child. The nurse also uses different artifacts in the room as well as the child's spontaneous activities during the assessment of the child's development. In addition, she uses the parents' relationships with their children in order to gain their support and to encourage their children in performing tasks. An important methodological consequence of this study is that it is necessary to use video-recorded data when interactions of this kind are analyzed.

  • 17.
    Åsenhed, Liselotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Kilstam, Jennie
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Örebro läns landsting.
    Alehagen, Siw
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Baggens, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Becoming a father is an emotional roller coaster - an analysis of first-time fathers' blogs2014In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, no 9-10, p. 1309-1317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To identify and describe the process of fatherhood during the partner’s pregnancy among expectant,first-time fathers.Background. Pregnancy seems to be a demanding period for expectant fathers, and this period is a part of their transition tofatherhood. Blogs can be seen as personal diaries and offer an alternative method of collecting data as they are an arena forsharing experiences and narratives.

    Design. An explorative qualitative design.Methods. Blogs from the Internet by eleven first-time fathers living in Sweden were included in the study. Qualitative contentanalysis was used for the analysis of the blogs.

    Results. A theme emerged expressing the latent content of the text: ‘Becoming a father for the first time is an emotional rollercoaster where the role of the expectant father is not obvious’ and five different categories describing the manifest content: thepregnancy, a new life, to make the child real, preparations for the delivery and the arrival of the child, and a new role in life.

    Conclusions. The metaphor ‘roller coaster’ indicates the tension between different feelings about the men’s future as fathers.They are searching for answers on how to be a good father. They feel excluded when they visit antenatal care centres andhave difficulties finding out how to support their partner. This is an existential period when they understand themselves asadults and also miss relatives who have died. During pregnancy, the men start to communicate with their child, and thisinteraction gives a sense of reality and creates hope and joy about being a father.Relevance to clinical practice. Staff involved in antenatal care can use the knowledge from this study when meeting withexpectant fathers. Perspectives expressed in blogs may enhance the professionals’ understanding that the transition processof fatherhood is complex.

    Key words: blogs, first-time fathers, pregnancy, qualitative content analysis, qualitative study, reproductive health, sexuality,transition

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