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  • 1.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hybrids, diesel or both? The forgotten technological competition for sustainable solutions in the global automotive industry2009In: International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, ISSN 1470-9511, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 148-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rising fuel prices and tightening regulations to curb greenhouse gases and other emissions have changed the parameters of competition in the global automotive industry, introducing new uncertainties, increased variation and technological turbulence. Many studies focus on the potential performance of alternative technologies, from fuel cells to battery electric cars. This paper starts from the other end: the competition unfolding in the real marketplace between todays most important fuel-saving technologies: the new gasoline hybrid electric vehicle versus the old but continuously evolving diesel power train. In the paper, these technological options are related to the evolution of the European and US markets and the innovation and sourcing strategies of Japanese and European manufacturers. A central finding is that the advent of the hybrid power train has intensified technological competition within the industry, but that it stands no real chance of replacing the evolving diesel in the foreseeable future. However, the competitiveness of technological trajectories must be distinguished from the fate of the firms engaged in these technologies. The paper ends with a discussion of the key factors influencing the outcome of this technology contest between the leading Japanese and European manufacturers.

  • 2.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hybrids versus diesel: The forgotten technological competition for sustainable solutions in the global automotive industry2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Managing radical innovation withinestablished structures – a case study of heavy hybrid-electric vehicle development.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    New forms of vehicle maker supplier interdependence? The case of electric machine development for heavy hybrid vehicles2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Transition pathways revisited: Established firms as multi-level actors in the heavy vehicle industry2015In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 1017-1028Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions positions established firms (incumbents) as defenders of existing technologies at the "regime level." By contrast, it positions new entrants at the niche level, as promoters of new technologies. This paper challenges the positioning of firms as actors on either regime or niche levels. Based on a comparative analysis of technology strategies in the heavy vehicle industry, the paper shows that established firms are active at both levels, developing several technology alternatives simultaneously. This means that incumbents technology strategies determine important parts of the required niche regime interactions. The paper also shows how incumbents may pursue contrasting technology strategies. While some adopt a dualistic approach, keeping regime and niche level activities technologically and commercially separate, others develop integrated strategies where niche activities are leveraged to impact upon the regime level. The cases studied illustrate how the success of such integrated strategies depends on the emergence of bridging policies. Bridging policies are relevant both for linking early niche markets to broader regime-level markets, and for supporting further technological advancements of niche markets. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 6.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Era of ferment and the challenge to the dominant powertrain design in the heavy vehicle industryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After an extended period of technological stability, the automotive industry has entered an era of ferment, triggered by regulatory, economic and technological changes. This ferment has also spread to powertrain development in the industry´s most conservative and least researched sector, heavy vehicles. All European heavy truck and bus  majors are now experimenting with new powertrain technologies in small series, mostly in buses, and hybrid system suppliers from other industries have also entered the field. In an unprecedented move, Volvo departed from the industry majors´ cautious approach by launching a completely new powertrain platform for the London hybrid bus trial 2010-2012, and making this platform the standard for its future city buses in Europe. Does this signal an end to the industry´s persistent mono-design regime in powertrains? By employing a longitudinal approach, comparing Volvo and its niche-focused competitors both in the development and early market stages, the paper investigates the technology and market challenges involved in this discontinuous innovation, from technology selection and knowledge sourcing to market launch and the struggle to increase volume and reduce costs. The study brings new insights to the criticality of integrated rather than separated or modular approaches when developing technologies for discontinuous innovation in complex products; the need for manufacturers to make use of, but also to escape from idiosyncratic market niches; and the importance of broad competitive entries to seriously challenge dominant designs in this industry.

  • 7.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Producer-user interactions in the development of discontinuous environmental innovations: The cases of the development processes of heavy hybrid vehicles2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Entering an Era of Ferment: Technology and Product Strategies for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Development2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Managing discontinuous changes in complex products: Cases involving the development and market introduction of heavy hybrid-electric buses2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about managing the development of discontinuous changes in complex products characterised by integration of a significant amount of new technologies and firms’ existing technologies and market introduction of such products. In particular, this study analyses how firms’ technology selections influence the conditions for the firms to manage such development and market introduction. Empirically, the purpose is to investigate how leading firms in the heavy vehicle industry struggle in managing the challenges related to the development and market introduction of heavy hybrid-electric buses. This thesis involves a study of two sets of comparative, longitudinal, real-time cases. The first set is used for analysing the development of heavy hybrid-electric buses at Scania and Volvo. The second set is used for analysing the market introduction of Volvo’s and BAE Systems’ heavy hybrid-electric buses.

    The findings of this study demonstrate the importance for firms to closely manage several aspects of the development of discontinuous changes in complex products and market introduction of such complex products. This study shows the criticality and the implications of firms’ technology selections particularly related to where in the product structure the technological changes occur (loci of technological change), types of technological change, types of product architecture, and degrees of technology and application novelties. It is in this study demonstrated that firms’ technology selections influence the conditions for the firms to manage such development, in particular regarding to in-house knowledge development, supplier collaboration and types of NPD organisations. It is also shown that firms’ technology selections affect the firms’ possibilities to offer various performance attributes to the market. Furthermore, this study shows that firms’ technology selections influence the firms’ market strategies when introducing such complex products to the markets.

    Theoretically, this study contributes to the literature on discontinuous innovations. The contributions are on managing the development of typical discontinuous innovations that involve integration of a significant amount of new technologies and firms’ existing technologies, and managing market introduction of such innovations. This thesis integrates streams of literatures related to both development and market introduction of discontinuous innovations, which in previous studies are seldom treated together and linked. It provides an integrated knowledge based framework to help us understand how firms manage the development and market introduction of such typical discontinuus innovations. It also provides empirical evidence along the areas related to the theoretical contribution. In particular, it provides contribution concerning such development and market introduction in the heavy vehicle industry. Research in the field of the management of innovation related to the heavy vehicle industry is less observed.

    List of papers
    1. Greening public transportation: a radical design and power-train project at an incrementalist innovator: The case of the series-hybrid bus project at Scania Trucks
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Greening public transportation: a radical design and power-train project at an incrementalist innovator: The case of the series-hybrid bus project at Scania Trucks
    2010 (English)In: International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, ISSN 1741-5012, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable mobility requires innovation in public transportation. This paper provides an in-depth perspective on how a heavy vehicle maker with an entrenched tradition of incremental innovations is grappling to develop a radically new city bus with a series hybrid power-train. The study illustrates the managerial challenges involved in this innovation: the need for the company to exploit its core capabilities in areas such as diesel technology and modular design, and at the same time to overcome core rigidities embedded in its tradition of developing new vehicles in carefully planned small steps. The paper shows how the firm is responding to these challenges by using unconventional methods, such as the concurrent development of a new power-train and new bus designs, public demonstrations of early prototypes, advanced customer field testing, the creation of new competence structures, and the use of international events to set hard deadlines and maintain momentum.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Inderscience Publishers, 2010
    Keywords
    radical innovation; hybrid powertrain; core capabilities; core rigidities; organisational adaptation; city buses; greening public transport; incremental innovation; Scania Trucks; heavy vehicles; innovation management; diesel technology; modular design; bus design; sustainable transportation; sustainable development; sustainability; public bus systems; Sweden
    National Category
    Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66062 (URN)10.1504/IJATM.2010.031458 (DOI)
    Projects
    Kite
    Available from: 2011-03-02 Created: 2011-03-02 Last updated: 2014-10-08
    2. A two-way relationship between multi-level technological change and organisational characteristics: cases involving the development of heavy hybrid buses
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A two-way relationship between multi-level technological change and organisational characteristics: cases involving the development of heavy hybrid buses
    2012 (English)In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 32, no 7-8, p. 477-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses inter- and intra-organisational interaction in cases of product development, which involves significantly new technologies that affect core product sub-systems. The analysis shows that in such cases, there is a need to collaborate with suppliers to learn about the new technology. Moreover, provided that the firm's existing technology is still relevant, there is a need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies. Therefore, close supplier interaction has to be associated with close intra-organisational interaction. However, even a case where there is a limited need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies, there is a need to justify the new technology internally and negotiate the process of adopting it within the organisation. The paper thus demonstrates a two-way relationship between organisational characteristics and multi-level technological change. On the one hand, different types of technological changes demand different kinds of R&D organisations and supplier relationships. On the other hand, decisions to implement technological changes are influenced by existing organisational structures and product development philosophies.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2012
    Keywords
    Complex technological system; Product development; Multi-level change; Organisational characteristics
    National Category
    Economics and Business
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79934 (URN)10.1016/j.technovation.2012.05.002 (DOI)000306639200008 ()
    Available from: 2012-08-15 Created: 2012-08-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07
    3. New forma of vehicle maker - supplier interdependence?: the case of electric motor development of heavy hybrid vehicles
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>New forma of vehicle maker - supplier interdependence?: the case of electric motor development of heavy hybrid vehicles
    2012 (English)In: The greening of the automotive industry / [ed] Giuseppe Calabrese, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 185-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to outline the key issues for heavy vehicle manufacturers in their collaboration with suppliers of electric motors. The information was collected via an in-depth study of the hybrid product development conducted by two heavy-vehicle manufacturers with their respective electric motor suppliers: Scania–Voith and Volvo Trucks– Kollmorgen. The two vehicle manufacturers used different types of electric motor for their hybrid powertrains. They also chose different types of architecture for their hybrid vehicles. By analysing the similarities and differences in these two collaborations, the chapter will demonstrate some of the key challenges involved.

    The next section presents the hybrid development processes at Volvo and Scania, and the following two sections deal with the technological dynamics of electric drive systems and the development of the electric motors used in Volvo Trucks’ and Scania’s heavy hybrid electric vehicles. A comparative analysis of hybrid development and supplier collaboration conducted by Volvo Trucks and Scania follows. The final section provides conclusions on how new product development (NPD) collaborations are organized and a discussion on lessons learnt from the study.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Palgrave Macmillan, 2012
    Series
    Gerpisa
    Keywords
    Automobile industry and trade -- Environmental aspects, Automobile industry and trade -- Technological innovations., Bilindustri -- miljöaspekter
    National Category
    Economics and Business
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79941 (URN)978-0-230-36909-2 (ISBN)0-230-36909-X (ISBN)
    Available from: 2012-08-15 Created: 2012-08-15 Last updated: 2014-12-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Strategic niche management from a business perspective: taking cleaner vehicle technologies from prototype to series production
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic niche management from a business perspective: taking cleaner vehicle technologies from prototype to series production
    2014 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 74, p. 17-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic niche management has been outlined as a policy approach to assist development and diffusion of cleaner new technologies. Based on a case study describing the efforts of a leading actor in the heavy vehicle industry to develop and commercially introduce hybrid-electric vehicles, this paper discusses strategic niche management from the perspective of the manufacturing firm. In particular, the paper analyses experiences from extensive field tests executed in London, tests which involved a number of different manufacturers, hybrid systems and vehicles. The scale of this technological niche added confidence and credibility to the technology and helped opening up an important niche market, which was supported by an extensive subsidy scheme. The analysis shows how the field tests and the subsidies jointly functioned as bridging policies that facilitated an important step in the market formation process. The analysis further points at a critical tension between niches and the volume-oriented business of a major vehicle manufacturer, showing how investments in new technology need to be warranted in market trends and projections of future sales and production volumes to become accepted within a vehicle manufacturer's organization.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2014
    Keywords
    Strategic niche management, Niche market, Hybrid vehicle, Automotive, Clean technology, Market formation
    National Category
    Business Administration
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107990 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.02.059 (DOI)000337773000002 ()
    Note

    At the time for thesis presentation publication was in status: Manuscript

    Available from: 2014-06-24 Created: 2014-06-24 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
    5. Era of ferment and the challenge to the dominant powertrain design in the heavy vehicle industry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Era of ferment and the challenge to the dominant powertrain design in the heavy vehicle industry
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After an extended period of technological stability, the automotive industry has entered an era of ferment, triggered by regulatory, economic and technological changes. This ferment has also spread to powertrain development in the industry´s most conservative and least researched sector, heavy vehicles. All European heavy truck and bus  majors are now experimenting with new powertrain technologies in small series, mostly in buses, and hybrid system suppliers from other industries have also entered the field. In an unprecedented move, Volvo departed from the industry majors´ cautious approach by launching a completely new powertrain platform for the London hybrid bus trial 2010-2012, and making this platform the standard for its future city buses in Europe. Does this signal an end to the industry´s persistent mono-design regime in powertrains? By employing a longitudinal approach, comparing Volvo and its niche-focused competitors both in the development and early market stages, the paper investigates the technology and market challenges involved in this discontinuous innovation, from technology selection and knowledge sourcing to market launch and the struggle to increase volume and reduce costs. The study brings new insights to the criticality of integrated rather than separated or modular approaches when developing technologies for discontinuous innovation in complex products; the need for manufacturers to make use of, but also to escape from idiosyncratic market niches; and the importance of broad competitive entries to seriously challenge dominant designs in this industry.

    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102179 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2014-05-12Bibliographically approved
  • 10.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Greening public transportation - a radical design and power train project at an incrementalist innovator:: The case of the series-hybrid bus project at Scania2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Greening public transportation: a radical design and power-train project at an incrementalist innovator: The case of the series-hybrid bus project at Scania Trucks2010In: International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, ISSN 1741-5012, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable mobility requires innovation in public transportation. This paper provides an in-depth perspective on how a heavy vehicle maker with an entrenched tradition of incremental innovations is grappling to develop a radically new city bus with a series hybrid power-train. The study illustrates the managerial challenges involved in this innovation: the need for the company to exploit its core capabilities in areas such as diesel technology and modular design, and at the same time to overcome core rigidities embedded in its tradition of developing new vehicles in carefully planned small steps. The paper shows how the firm is responding to these challenges by using unconventional methods, such as the concurrent development of a new power-train and new bus designs, public demonstrations of early prototypes, advanced customer field testing, the creation of new competence structures, and the use of international events to set hard deadlines and maintain momentum.

  • 12.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A two-way relationship between multi-level technological change and organisational characteristics: cases involving the development of heavy hybrid buses2012In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 32, no 7-8, p. 477-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses inter- and intra-organisational interaction in cases of product development, which involves significantly new technologies that affect core product sub-systems. The analysis shows that in such cases, there is a need to collaborate with suppliers to learn about the new technology. Moreover, provided that the firm's existing technology is still relevant, there is a need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies. Therefore, close supplier interaction has to be associated with close intra-organisational interaction. However, even a case where there is a limited need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies, there is a need to justify the new technology internally and negotiate the process of adopting it within the organisation. The paper thus demonstrates a two-way relationship between organisational characteristics and multi-level technological change. On the one hand, different types of technological changes demand different kinds of R&D organisations and supplier relationships. On the other hand, decisions to implement technological changes are influenced by existing organisational structures and product development philosophies.

  • 13.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Strategic niche management from a business perspective: taking cleaner vehicle technologies from prototype to series production2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 74, p. 17-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic niche management has been outlined as a policy approach to assist development and diffusion of cleaner new technologies. Based on a case study describing the efforts of a leading actor in the heavy vehicle industry to develop and commercially introduce hybrid-electric vehicles, this paper discusses strategic niche management from the perspective of the manufacturing firm. In particular, the paper analyses experiences from extensive field tests executed in London, tests which involved a number of different manufacturers, hybrid systems and vehicles. The scale of this technological niche added confidence and credibility to the technology and helped opening up an important niche market, which was supported by an extensive subsidy scheme. The analysis shows how the field tests and the subsidies jointly functioned as bridging policies that facilitated an important step in the market formation process. The analysis further points at a critical tension between niches and the volume-oriented business of a major vehicle manufacturer, showing how investments in new technology need to be warranted in market trends and projections of future sales and production volumes to become accepted within a vehicle manufacturer's organization.

  • 14.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Managing radical innovations within established structures: a case study of heavy hybrid-electric vehicle development2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    New forma of vehicle maker - supplier interdependence?: the case of electric motor development of heavy hybrid vehicles2012In: The greening of the automotive industry / [ed] Giuseppe Calabrese, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 185-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to outline the key issues for heavy vehicle manufacturers in their collaboration with suppliers of electric motors. The information was collected via an in-depth study of the hybrid product development conducted by two heavy-vehicle manufacturers with their respective electric motor suppliers: Scania–Voith and Volvo Trucks– Kollmorgen. The two vehicle manufacturers used different types of electric motor for their hybrid powertrains. They also chose different types of architecture for their hybrid vehicles. By analysing the similarities and differences in these two collaborations, the chapter will demonstrate some of the key challenges involved.

    The next section presents the hybrid development processes at Volvo and Scania, and the following two sections deal with the technological dynamics of electric drive systems and the development of the electric motors used in Volvo Trucks’ and Scania’s heavy hybrid electric vehicles. A comparative analysis of hybrid development and supplier collaboration conducted by Volvo Trucks and Scania follows. The final section provides conclusions on how new product development (NPD) collaborations are organized and a discussion on lessons learnt from the study.

  • 16.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    'Sailing ship effects' in the global automotive industry?: Competition between 'new' and 'old' technologies in the race for sustainable solutions2012In: The greening of the automotive industry / [ed] Guiseppe Calabrese, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 103-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry has a strong presence in the global economy and employs a significant proportion of the working population. It has contributed to the growth of modern society by satisfying everyday mobility. However, it has been accused of badly affecting the environment and public health, and thus finding new methods of propulsion for automotives is currently a subject of intense debate. In this volume, the concept of sustainable development has been correlated with the main theoretical framework of production analysis and managerial economics, that is: manufacturing and architecture theories; the theory of comparative advantage of design-location; design driven and design-thinking theories; concepts-knowledge models; rule-based and innovative design regimes; path dependency theory; literature on breakthrough and disruptive innovations; studies on technology competition; reasoned action and planned behaviour theories; institutional theoretical approaches; firm growth theories; the smart grid paradigm; business model innovation; and definition of scenarios through analytic hierarchy process models and consumer framing.The Greening of the Automobile Industry is one of the products of the research programme 'Sustainable Development and Automotive Industry', run between 2007-2010 by GERPISA (the Permanent Group for the Study of and Research into the Automobile Industry and its Employees). GERPISA is a French-based international network of researchers in economics, management, history, and sociology, all studying the automotive industry. GERPISA was formed in 1992 and is made up of 400 members from 27 different countries. Since 2010 GERPISA has become a Groupement d'Interet Scientifique based at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan.

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