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  • 1.
    Akerlind, C
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency.
    Arwin, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kariis, H
    Swedish Defence Research Agency.
    Järrendahl, Kenneth
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Optical properties and switching of a Rose Bengal derivative: A spectroscopic ellipsometry study2011In: THIN SOLID FILMS, ISSN 0040-6090, Vol. 519, no 11, p. 3582-3586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Optical properties in terms of the complex-valued dielectric function were determined for spin-coated films of a Rose Bengal derivative using variable angle of incidence spectroscopic ellipsometry in the visible and infrared wavelength regions. In addition, the thickness and roughness of the films were determined and related to the solution concentration of Rose Bengal. Switching between two different oxidation states of the Rose Bengal derivative was investigated. The two states were chemically induced by exposure to vapors of hydrochloric acid and ammonia, respectively. A substantial and reversible change of the optical properties of the films was observed.

  • 2.
    Crispin, Xavier
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Crispin, Annica
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry.
    Grim, P.C.M.
    KUL, Belgien.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Volodin, A.
    KUL, Belgien.
    van Haesendonch, C.
    KUL, Belgien.
    van der Auweraer, M.
    KUL, Belgien.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    The origin of the high conductivity of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)- poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT-PSS) plastic electrodes2006In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 18, no 18, p. 4354-4360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of printed and flexible (opto)electronics requires specific materials for the device's electrodes. Those materials must satisfy a combination of properties. They must be electrically conducting, transparent, printable, and flexible. The conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) - poly-(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT-PSS) is known as a promising candidate. Its conductivity can be increased by 3 orders of magnitude by the secondary dopant diethylene glycol (DEG). This "secondary doping" phenomenon is clarified in a combined photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy investigation. PEDOT-PSS appears to form a three-dimensional conducting network explaining the improvement of its electrical property upon addition of DEG. Polymer light emitting diodes are successfully fabricated using the transparent plastic PEDOT-PSS electrodes instead of the traditionally used indium tin oxide. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

  • 3.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Organic electronic switch devices2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the discovery of conducting polymers three decades ago the field of organic electronics has evolved rapidly. Organic light emitting diodes have already reached the consumer market, while organic solar cells and transistors are rapidly maturing. One of the great benefits with this class of materials is that they can be processed from solution. This enables several very cheap production methods, such as printing and spin coating, and opens up the possibility to use unconventional substrates, such as flexible plastic foils and paper. Another great benefit is the possibility of tailoring the molecules through carefully controlled synthesis, resulting in a multitude of different functionalities. This is very interesting for nano applications, where devices are made of a small number of molecules or even a single molecule, and were the molecules can be designed to self-assembly.

    This thesis reports how charge transport can be altered in solid-state organic electronic devices. This is done from both a dynamic perspective, as in impedance switch devices, and from a static perspective, as in the modification of electrode properties to improve charge injection. The first six chapters give a brief review of the field of solid-state organic electronics, with focus on electronic properties, impedance switch mechanisms and architecture.

    Paper I and III treat Rose Bengal switch devices in detail- how to improve these devices for use in cross-point arrays (paper I) and the origin of the switch effect (paper III). Paper II investigates how the work function of a conducting polymer can be modified to allow for better electron injection into an organic light emitting diode.

    List of papers
    1.
    The record could not be found. The reason may be that the record is no longer available or you may have typed in a wrong id in the address field.
    2. Towards all-plastic flexible light emitting diodes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards all-plastic flexible light emitting diodes
    Show others...
    2006 (English)In: Chemical Physics Letters, ISSN 0009-2614, E-ISSN 1873-4448, Vol. 433, no 1-3, p. 110-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    All-plastic light emitting diodes require the design and fabrication of low work function plastic electrodes. Here, we show that the work function of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrenesulfonic acid (PEDOT-PSS) can be decreased from 4.8 eV to 3.9 eV by surface reaction with the strong electron-donor tetrakis(dimethylamino)ethylene (TDAE). The surface modification was characterized by photoelectron spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy. The low work function plastic electrode was used in a first prototype for all-plastic light emitting diodes.

    National Category
    Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14831 (URN)10.1016/j.cplett.2006.11.007 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-11-12 Created: 2008-09-25 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    3. Filamentary switching of Rose Bengal devices
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Filamentary switching of Rose Bengal devices
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Switch devices with a structure of metal / orgamc layer / metal were fabricated, with the organic layer being Rose Bengal sodium salt, Rose Bengal bis(tricthylammonium) salt, Rose Bengal lactone and Fluorescein. All devices showed reversible switch behavior, ruling out electro reduction or conformational switching. Furthermore, only devices with ITO as substrate and Al or Ag as top electrode showed reversible switch behavior. Electrical characterization of the ITO substrate indicated that the switching is due to the reversible formation of conducting filaments, initiated from the ITO.

    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102204 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-02-03
  • 4.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik L. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Filamentary switching of Rose Bengal devicesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Switch devices with a structure of metal / orgamc layer / metal were fabricated, with the organic layer being Rose Bengal sodium salt, Rose Bengal bis(tricthylammonium) salt, Rose Bengal lactone and Fluorescein. All devices showed reversible switch behavior, ruling out electro reduction or conformational switching. Furthermore, only devices with ITO as substrate and Al or Ag as top electrode showed reversible switch behavior. Electrical characterization of the ITO substrate indicated that the switching is due to the reversible formation of conducting filaments, initiated from the ITO.

  • 5.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik L. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Prediction of the current versus voltage behavior of devices based on organic semiconductor host-guest systems2009In: Organic electronics, ISSN 1566-1199, E-ISSN 1878-5530, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 95-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic semiconductor blends are commonly used in organic based (opto-)electronic devices. They are composed of two types of (macro-) molecules, referredto as the guest and host. To achieve optimum device operation, the chemicalnature, electronic structure, molecular order and the relative concentration of theguests and host are crucial. Here, we present simulation results of the currentdensity versus the voltage (J-V) behavior of a two-terminal device based on avariable-range hopping model in which the electronic states of the guest and hostare represented by two Gaussian distributions. The J-V behavior is investigatedfor various energetic mismatches between guest and host states, widths of thedistribution as well as the guest concentration. Finally, a simple tool enablingeasy prediction of the J-V behavior of organic host-guest diodes is derived.

  • 6.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik L. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lindell, Linda
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kanciurzewska, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Salaneck, William R.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Towards all-plastic flexible light emitting diodes2006In: Chemical Physics Letters, ISSN 0009-2614, E-ISSN 1873-4448, Vol. 433, no 1-3, p. 110-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All-plastic light emitting diodes require the design and fabrication of low work function plastic electrodes. Here, we show that the work function of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrenesulfonic acid (PEDOT-PSS) can be decreased from 4.8 eV to 3.9 eV by surface reaction with the strong electron-donor tetrakis(dimethylamino)ethylene (TDAE). The surface modification was characterized by photoelectron spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy. The low work function plastic electrode was used in a first prototype for all-plastic light emitting diodes.

  • 7.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik L. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Marsal, Philippe
    Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cornil, Jérôme
    Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tuning the energy levels of photochromic diarylethene compounds for optoelectronic switch devicesManuscript (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Photochromic diarylethene molecules (PC) is investigated for use in opticalwrite/electrical read memory applications. The frontier energy levels and dipolemoment is calculated using density functional theory. Good agreement is foundbetween calculated electronic structure and measured ultraviolet photoelectronspectra. The changes in frontier energy levels and dipole moment are scrutinizedupon two different approaches for chemical modification: (i) adding substituentsto the ethylene bridge; or (ii) changing the chemical nature of the aryl rings.Through the chemical modification the frontier energy levels can be tuned bymore than 2 eV. The calculated molecular properties are used in charge transportmodels to predict the behavior of devices based on these molecules. By using thePC in combination with an organic semiconductor (in bilayer or blend) goodswitching behavior can be achieved in a device. The switch effect is predicted tobe mainly due to switch in frontier energy levels rather than switch of dipolemoment. This is concluded since the dipole moment is either too small (< 5 D) orthe switch effect to small (less than a factor of two).

  • 8.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik Lars Emil
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Charge transport modulation in organic electronic diodes2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the discovery of conducting polymers three decades ago the field of organic electronics has evolved rapidly. Organic light emitting diodes have already reached the consumer market, while organic solar cells and transistors are rapidly maturing. One of the great benefits with this class of materials is that they can be processed from solution. This enables several very cheap production methods, such as printing and spin coating, and opens up the possibility to use unconventional substrates, such as flexible plastic foils and paper. Another great benefit is the possibility of tailoring the molecules through carefully controlled synthesis, resulting in a multitude of different functionalities.

    This thesis reports how charge transport can be altered in solid-state organic electronic devices, with specific focus on memory applications. The first six chapters give a brief review of the field of solid-state organic electronics, with focus on electronic properties, resistance switch mechanisms and systems. Paper 1 and 3 treat Rose Bengal switch devices in detail – how to improve these devices for use in cross-point arrays as well as the origin of the switch effect. Paper 2 investigates how the work function of a conducting polymer can be modified to allow for better electron injection into an organic light emitting diode. The aim of the work in papers 4 and 5 is to understand the behavior of switchable charge trap devices based on blends of photochromic molecules and organic semiconductors. With this in mind, charge transport in the presence of traps is investigated in paper 4 and photochromic molecules is investigated using quantum chemical methods in paper 5.

    List of papers
    1.
    The record could not be found. The reason may be that the record is no longer available or you may have typed in a wrong id in the address field.
    2. Towards all-plastic flexible light emitting diodes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards all-plastic flexible light emitting diodes
    Show others...
    2006 (English)In: Chemical Physics Letters, ISSN 0009-2614, E-ISSN 1873-4448, Vol. 433, no 1-3, p. 110-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    All-plastic light emitting diodes require the design and fabrication of low work function plastic electrodes. Here, we show that the work function of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrenesulfonic acid (PEDOT-PSS) can be decreased from 4.8 eV to 3.9 eV by surface reaction with the strong electron-donor tetrakis(dimethylamino)ethylene (TDAE). The surface modification was characterized by photoelectron spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy. The low work function plastic electrode was used in a first prototype for all-plastic light emitting diodes.

    National Category
    Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14831 (URN)10.1016/j.cplett.2006.11.007 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-11-12 Created: 2008-09-25 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    3.
    The record could not be found. The reason may be that the record is no longer available or you may have typed in a wrong id in the address field.
    4. Prediction of the current versus voltage behavior of devices based on organic semiconductor host-guest systems
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prediction of the current versus voltage behavior of devices based on organic semiconductor host-guest systems
    2009 (English)In: Organic electronics, ISSN 1566-1199, E-ISSN 1878-5530, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 95-106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Organic semiconductor blends are commonly used in organic based (opto-)electronic devices. They are composed of two types of (macro-) molecules, referredto as the guest and host. To achieve optimum device operation, the chemicalnature, electronic structure, molecular order and the relative concentration of theguests and host are crucial. Here, we present simulation results of the currentdensity versus the voltage (J-V) behavior of a two-terminal device based on avariable-range hopping model in which the electronic states of the guest and hostare represented by two Gaussian distributions. The J-V behavior is investigatedfor various energetic mismatches between guest and host states, widths of thedistribution as well as the guest concentration. Finally, a simple tool enablingeasy prediction of the J-V behavior of organic host-guest diodes is derived.

    Keywords
    Host–guest system, Diode, Trapping, Modeling, Hopping, Gaussian density of states
    National Category
    Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14837 (URN)10.1016/j.orgel.2008.10.006 (DOI)
    Available from: 2008-11-12 Created: 2008-09-25 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    5. Tuning the energy levels of photochromic diarylethene compounds for optoelectronic switch devices
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tuning the energy levels of photochromic diarylethene compounds for optoelectronic switch devices
    Show others...
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Photochromic diarylethene molecules (PC) is investigated for use in opticalwrite/electrical read memory applications. The frontier energy levels and dipolemoment is calculated using density functional theory. Good agreement is foundbetween calculated electronic structure and measured ultraviolet photoelectronspectra. The changes in frontier energy levels and dipole moment are scrutinizedupon two different approaches for chemical modification: (i) adding substituentsto the ethylene bridge; or (ii) changing the chemical nature of the aryl rings.Through the chemical modification the frontier energy levels can be tuned bymore than 2 eV. The calculated molecular properties are used in charge transportmodels to predict the behavior of devices based on these molecules. By using thePC in combination with an organic semiconductor (in bilayer or blend) goodswitching behavior can be achieved in a device. The switch effect is predicted tobe mainly due to switch in frontier energy levels rather than switch of dipolemoment. This is concluded since the dipole moment is either too small (< 5 D) orthe switch effect to small (less than a factor of two).

    National Category
    Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14838 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-11-12 Created: 2008-09-25 Last updated: 2017-02-03
  • 9.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Marsal, Philippe
    University Mons Hainaut.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cornil, Jerome
    University Mons Hainaut.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tuning the Energy Levels of Photochromic Diarylethene Compounds for Opto-electronic Switch Devices2009In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, ISSN 1932-7447, Vol. 113, no 42, p. 18396-18405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diarylethene molecules are photochromics (PCs) currently investigated for use in optical write/electrical read memory applications. The impact of the photoisomerization of PCs on the device behavior is analyzed with charge transport models. These results indicate that good electrical current switching can be achieved in a device when the PCs are combined with an organic semiconductor (in multilayered structures or blends). The frontier energy levels and dipole moment of a series of diarylethene compounds have been calculated using density functional theory. A good agreement is found between the calculated electronic structure and the measured ultraviolet photoelectron spectra. Shirts in the frontier energy levels and dipole moment are generated through two different approaches for chemical modification: (i) by changing the chemical nature of the aryl rings or (ii) by adding substituents on the ethylene, bridge. The frontier energy levels can be tuned by more than 2 eV via such chemical modifications. We find that, for this family of photochromic compounds, the photoinduced current switch effect in diodes is mainly due to the modulation in the frontier energy levels rather than the changes in the amplitude of the dipole moment.

  • 10.
    Lindell, Linda
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Burquel, A.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, 5-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lemaur, V.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, 5-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lazzaroni, R.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, 5-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Cornil, J.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, 5-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Transparent, plastic, low-work-function poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) electrodes2006In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 18, no 18, p. 4246-4252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel applications for flexible electronics, e.g., displays and solar cells, require fully flexible, transparent, stable, and low-work-function electrodes that can be manufactured via a low-cost process. Here, we demonstrate that surface chemistry constitutes a route to producing transparent low-work-function plastic electrodes. The work function of the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-tosylate, or PEDOT-Tos, is decreased by submonolayer surface redox reaction with a strong electron donor, tetrakis-(dimethylamino)ethylene (TDAE), allowing it to reach a work function of 3.8 eV. The interface formed between TDAE and PEDOT is investigated in a joint experimental and theoretical study using photoelectron spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

  • 11.
    Lindell, Linda
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Osikowicz, Wojciech
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Cornil, Jerome
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Towards Transparent Inorganic and Plastic Low-Workfunction Electrodes2005In: MRS Fall Meeting,2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Åkerlind, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Arwin, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kariis, Hans
    Dept of Sensor systems FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency.
    Järrendahl, Kenneth
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Optical properties and switching of a rose bengal derivative studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry2008In: European Optical Society Meeting 2008, 2008, p. 34-Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 12 of 12
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