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  • 1.
    Addelyan Rasi, Hamideh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Moula, Alireza
    Department of Sociology & Social Work, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Puddephatt, Antony J.
    Department of sociology, Lakehead University, Canada.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Empowering newly married women in Iran: A new method of social work intervention that uses a client-directed problem-solving model in both group and individual sessions2013Ingår i: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 765-781Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We set out to assess the processes by which a personal empowerment-oriented intervention based on learning spaces and the Rahyab problem-solving model can help newly married women in Iran to gain more control over their life situations. Learning to use the problem-solving model independently was an important component of this seven months’ educational program. A descriptive field study design based on qualitative methods was employed for data collection and analysis. The analysis of these processes showed how, through group and individual interventions, these women could influence their intimate relationships by altering their thoughts, their management of emotions, and their overt behavior. We invite more research on how empowerment-oriented interventions can be used to support newly married women as a part of family educational programs.

  • 2.
    Addelyan Rasi, Hamideh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Moula, Alireza
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Puddephatt, Antony J.
    Department of sociology, Lakehead University, Canada.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Empowering Single Mothers in Iran: Applying a Problem-Solving Model in Learning Groups to Develop Participants’ Capacity to Improve Their Lives2013Ingår i: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 43, nr 5, s. 833-852Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2000, a problem-solving model has been taught to the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child, and teachers and students of social work in two universities in Iran. Since 2006, with the initiation of UNICEF, social workers, psychologists and even some psychiatrists in Iran have been learning this model. In 2008, a group of researchers created an empowerment-oriented psycho-social group and private intervention project to assess whether a group of Iranian single mothers could use this model, which was traditionally used by professionals only, to effectively and independently meet challenges in their own lives. Our results show that all women used the model effectively and, consequently, made more deliberate decisions to improve their life situations. Some of the women succeeded in finding a job and many improved their family relationships. This study suggests that empowerment-oriented social work can help many clients to achieve their goals, and that this psycho-social intervention project can be a useful model for social work in Iran and many other societies.

  • 3.
    Addelyan Rasi, Hamideh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Moula, Alireza
    Department of Sociology & Social Work, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Puddephatt, Antony J.
    Department of sociology, Lakehead University, Canada.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Towards a Conceptual Framework for the Socio-Cognitive Empowerment of Women in the Middle East Countries: empirical and theoretical foundations2012Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This study set out to construct a conceptual framework that can be used in social work with women in the Middle East and other settings where women are consistently limited in their access to resources and, as a result, their decision-making capacity. We employed a qualitative secondary analysis of data from two intervention projects among Iranian women (n=25). Each intervention spanned over seven months, included individual and group sessions, and involved learning an empowerment-oriented problem-solving model. A constant comparative analysis was used to build the conceptual framework.

    Findings: The practical lessons from the Iranian projects highlight a process of change with regard to thinking, feeling and acting among women during and after the intervention. As the women developed a number of mental capacities essential to coping and life management, we constructed a theoretical proposition, which offers an explanation of their socio-cognitive empowerment. We supplement the basis for these concepts that emerged in this proposition by integrating them with psychological and social work theories into a broader conceptual framework for social work practice.

    Applications: A conceptual framework has been developed to provide structural support for social work practice with women in the Middle East. This framework can help social workers to bridge the gap between theory and practice; that is, to draw from existing social work theory and, through our model, better apply this knowledge in their practical work with women in challenging social environments.

  • 4.
    Addelyan Rasi, Hamideh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Moula, Alireza
    Department of Sociology & Social Work, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Can a psychosocial intervention programme teaching coping strategies improve the quality of life of Iranian women? A non-randomised quasi-experimental study2013Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 2407-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To assess whether a psychosocial intervention teaching coping strategies to women can improve quality of life (QOL) in groups of Iranian women exposed to social pressures.

    Design: Quasi-experimental nonrandomized group design involving two categories of Iranian women, each category represented by nonequivalent intervention and comparison groups.

    Setting: A large urban area in Iran.

    Participants: 44 women; 25 single mothers and 19 newly married women.

    Interventions: Seventh-month psychosocial intervention aimed at providing coping strategies.

    Primary outcome measures: Effect sizes in four specific health-related domains and two overall perceptions of QOL and health measured by the WHOQOL-BREF instrument.

    Results: Large effect sizes were observed among the women exposed to the intervention in the WHOQOL-BREF subdomains measuring physical health (r=0.68; p<0.001), psychological health (r=0.72; p<0.001), social relationships (r=0.52; p<0.01), environmental health (r=0.55; p<0.01), and in the overall perception of QOL (r=0.72; p<0.001); the effect size regarding overall perception of health was between small and medium (r=0.20; not significant). Small and not statistically significant effect sizes were observed in the women provided with traditional social welfare services.

    Conclusions: Teaching coping strategies can improve the QOL of women in societies where gender discrimination is prevalent. The findings require reproduction in studies with a more rigorous design before the intervention model can be recommended for widespread distribution.

  • 5.
    Moula, Alireza
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Population-based empowerment practice in immigrant communities: a socio-medical study of Iranian families in Sweden2005Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant social problems that confront Iranian families that have immigrated to Western countries have been described in the literature, in particular regarding the difficulties between parents and their adolescent children. However, the investigations that have been performed have not focused on how the situations of these families can be improved. Therefore, I conducted an intervention study involving Iranian families in Sweden, one of the largest immigrant groups in this country. The objectives were as follows: (1) to describe how ideas about family pedagogy held by parents and adolescents are affected by move from a country with prevailing traditional family values to a Western society such as Sweden; and (2) to construct a family pedagogy based on the opinions/narratives of members of immigrant families (especially adolescents), and subsequently put this teaching into practice and then evaluate the results of that endeavor.

    The empirical data comprised 25 interviews with parents and adolescents, 10 letters written by adolescents, and some other evidence collected in Sweden and Iran. Symbolic interactionism was the main theoretical perspective that guided the entire research process, including the selection of methods. Therefore, it was natural to use methods from ethnography and grounded theory, as well as narrative analysis. Analysis of the data revealed three important dimensions in parent-adolescent relationships: power, communication, and intimacy. A model of visionary family pedagogy was constructed based on the analysis of the data, the UN:s Child Convention, and the application of symbolic interactionism done to gain an understanding of parent-adolescent relationships.

    Following the pragmatist circle of theory-practice-theory and in order to improve the situations of the Iranian families in Sweden, I initiated a two-year intervention program aimed at educating and supporting these people. This program was carried out within the Swedish Organization for the Rights of Children (BRIS) and used communication technology such as live local radio lectures and a telephone help-line to provide support. From 1998 to 2000, as many as 13,000 Iranians listened to a total of 83 live broadcasts, and 525 calls lasting a total of 22,507 minutes were made by Iranians for private family counseling. A pragmatist empowerment model for problem solving was developed and used both in the educative radio programs and especially in the help-line conversations.

    The intervention program was evaluated together with a senior researcher. The problem-solving model has been taught to university students and to practicing social workers in Sweden since 2000. Experience from the intervention program has also been transferred to a child organization in Iran (the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child, SPRC). As a result, the first telephone help-line for families has been started in Iran, and the problemsolving model has been taught to practicing social workers.

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