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  • 1.
    Johansson, Sten
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Moverare, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Leidermark, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Solid Mechanics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simonsson, Kjell
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Solid Mechanics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kanesund, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Investigation of localized damage in single crystals subjected to thermalmechanical fatigue (TMF)2010In: Procedia Engineering, ISSN 1877-7058, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 657-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deformation and damage mechanisms arising during thermalmechanical fatigue (TMF) of a CMSX-4 and high-Cr single crystal super alloy, SCA425 have been investigated and a completely new failure mechanism involving recrystallization and oxidation has been discovered. The primary deformation mechanism is slip along the {111} planes. The deformation is highly localised to a number of bands, where recrystallization eventually occur during the thermalmechanical fatigue process. When the final failure occurs along these recrystallized bands it is accompanied by the formation of voids due to the presence of grain boundaries. The damage process is further enhanced by oxidation, since recrystallization occurs more easily in the gamma depleted zone under the oxide scale. The macroscopic as well as the microscopic damage and fracture mechanisms are varying with alloy and heat treatment. The aim of this work is to further investigate, discuss the local damage mechanisms responsible for TMF damage. Of special interest is the localisation of damage into twins and extremely localized rafted deformation bands.

  • 2.
    Kanesund, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials.
    Johansson, Sten
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Study of the Influence of Plastic Pre Strain in Different Directions Before Ageing of Extruded and Hydro Formed Material on the Mechanical Properties of AA60632012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Kanesund, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Moverare, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Johansson, Sten
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Deformation and damage mechanisms in IN792 during thermomechanical fatigue2011In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 528, no 13-14, p. 4658-4668Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deformation and damage mechanisms arising during thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) of the polycrystallinesuperalloy IN792 have been investigated. The TMF cycles used in this study are in-phase(IP) and out-of-phase (OP). The minimum temperature used in all TMF-tests is 100 ◦C while the maximumtemperature is 500 or 750 ◦C in the IP TMF-tests and 750, 850 or 950 ◦C in the OP TMF-tests. Themajority of the cracks are transcrystalline, except for the IP TMF-test at 750 ◦C, where some tendencyto intercrystalline crack growth can be seen. In all tests, the cracks were initiated and propagated inlocations where deformation structures such as deformation bands have formed in the material. In thetemperature interval 750–850 ◦C, twins were formed in both IP and OP TMF-tests and this behaviouris observed to be further enhanced close to a crack. Twins are to a significantly lesser extent observedfor tests with a lower (500 ◦C) and a higher (950 ◦C) maximum temperature. Recrystallization at grainboundaries, around particles and within the deformation structures have occurred in the OP TMF-testswith a maximum temperature of 850 and 950 ◦C and this is more apparent for the higher temperature.Void formation is frequently observed in the recrystallized areas even for the case of compressive stressesat high temperature.

  • 4.
    Kanesund, Jan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Moverare, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Johansson, Sten
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Deformation and Damage Mechanisms During Thermomechanical Fatigue (TMF) in IN7922011In: Procedia Engineering, ISSN 1877-7058, E-ISSN 1877-7058, Vol. 10, p. 189-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deformation and damage mechanisms arising during thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) of the polycrystalline superalloy IN792 have been investigated. The TMF cycles used in this study are in-phase (IP) and out-of-phase (OP). The minimum temperature used in all TMF-tests is 100 °C while the maximum temperature is 750 °C in the IP TMF-tests and 850° or 950 °C in the OP TMF-tests. Most cracks have propagated transgranularly through the material and this holds for all temperatures used in this study. In all tests, the cracks have initiated and propagated in locations where deformation structures such as deformation bands have formed in the material. In the temperature interval 750°-850 °C, twins are formed in both IP and OP TMF-tests and this behaviour is observed to be further enhanced close to a crack. Twins are to a significantly lesser extent observed for tests with a higher (950 °C) maximum temperature. Recrystallization at grain boundaries, around particles and within the deformation structures have occurred in the OP TMF-tests with a maximum temperature of 850° and 950 °C and this is more apparent for the higher temperature.

  • 5.
    Moverare, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sato, Atsushi
    Dept of Metallurgy and Materials, University in Birmingham, UK.
    Johansson, Sten
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hasselqvist, Magnus
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, Finspång.
    Reed, Roger
    Dept of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, UK.
    Kanesund, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simonsson, Kjell
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Solid Mechanics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    On Localized Deformation and Recrystallization as Damage Mechanisms during Thermomechanical Fatigue of Single Crystal Nickel-Based Superalloys2011In: Advanced Materials Research, ISSN 1022-6680, E-ISSN 1662-8985, Vol. 278, no 278, p. 357-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) in superalloys is growing in importance due to the introduction of advanced cooling systems but also due to the changes in demand and competition within the power generation market; this is requiring many power plants to operate under cyclic conditions. In this paper the TMF behaviour of three different single crystal nickel-based superalloys are compared. It is demonstrated that the deformation and damage mechanisms occurring during TMF are rather different from those traditionally reported for creep or isothermal fatigue. In all cases examined, the deformation is localized within a rather small number of deformation bands. While these bands were found to consist mainly of micro-twins in some alloys, in others they might be better described as slip or shear bands. Furthermore, in some circumstances these bands are prone to recrystallization. In CMSX-4, the intersection points of twins of different orientation act as initiation sites for this process. In the SCA425 alloy – of smaller gamma’ content, lower creep resistance and less great oxidation resistance – twinning is observed infrequently; however the deformation is still very localized and in the distorted gamma-gamma’ microstructure, along the shear bands, recrystallization is observed. Furthermore the recrystallization is enhanced by oxidation due to the development of a gamma’-depleted zone. In CMSX-4, TCP phases precipitated during long term ageing cause a more dispersed deformation behaviour which prevents recrystallization. Our findings confirm the importance of an inhomogeneous microstructure for good TMF resistance.

1 - 5 of 5
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