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  • 1.
    Kastbom, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Parents' reports on 7-12-years old childrens sexual behavior2011Inngår i: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 8, nr Suppl. 3, s. 270-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To understand if a sexual behaviour in a child is a sign of sexual abuse or neglect we need to investigate sexual behaviours among chil-dren. In the present study we investigated Swedish children age 7–12 to determine what constitutes usual and unusual sexual behaviours.

    Methods: Parents of 418 children answered questionnaires about their child’s behaviour, both general and sexual, and about their own attitudes.

    Results: We found that most sexual behaviours we asked about are common, and are in part related to or vary with age and gender. A small number of sexual behaviours were found to be very unusual in this normative group of children.

    Conclusion: Behaviours usually referred to as sexualized and problematic and perhaps a sign of sexual abuse or neglect were very rare in this normative sample of children 7–12 years of age.

  • 2.
    Kastbom, Åsa A.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sexual behaviour, debut and identity among Swedish Schoolchildren2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual behaviour among schoolchildren and adolescents is a sparsely researched area and there are delicate methodological obstacles and ethical concerns when conducting such research. Still it is a subject that engages both parents and professionals. A sexualized behaviour or an early sexual debut (younger than 14 years) can be a sign of sexual abuse. It is therefore of importance to describe what is common and what is uncommon sexual behaviour among children and what the consequences of an early or a late sexual debut may be for the individual upon reaching late adolescence. Adolescents who identify themselves as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) are also a group that needs further attention and research since they are often described as having a lower quality of life and more often experience child abuse than heterosexual teens.

    Aims: The research leading to this thesis had four goals: 1) to elucidate the sexual behaviour of children between the ages of 7 and 13 as observed by their parents, 2) to investigate the relationship between an early sexual debut (before 14 years of age) and socio-demographic data, sexual experience, health, experience of child abuse and behaviour at 18-years-of-age, 3) to explore associations with no sexual debut (no oral, vaginal or anal sex) at the age of 18, and 4) to describe the relationship between sexual identification and socio-demographic background data, sexual behaviour, health and health behaviour, experiences of child sexual and/or physical abuse and present behaviour among Swedish adolescents.

    Methods: The parents of 418 children answered questionnaires about their child’s behaviour, both general and sexual, and a sample of 3432 Swedish high school students completed a survey about sexuality, health and abuse at the age of 18. In addition, 362 members of the Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights (RFSL) completed the same survey at a mean age of 21.4 years.

    Results: Most of the sexual behaviours among the schoolchildren were common, and in part related to, or varied with, age and gender. A small number of sexual behaviours often referred to as sexualised or problematic behaviours (for example, kissing adults with the tongue, imitating intercourse, masturbating in public, and touching other children’s genitals with the mouth) were found to be very unusual or not reported by any parent in this normative group of Swedish children. Among the adolescents, an early debut (younger than 14 years of age) correlated positively with number of partners, experience of oral and anal sex, smoking, drug and alcohol use and antisocial behaviour, such as being violent, lying, stealing and running away from home. Girls with an early sexual debut had significantly more experience of sexual abuse while boys with an early sexual debut were more likely to have a weak sense of coherence, low self-esteem and poor mental health, together with experience of sexual abuse, selling sex and physical abuse. A multiple logistic regression model showed that a number of antisocial acts and health behaviours remained significant, but early sexual debut did not increase the risk of psychiatric symptoms, low self-esteem or low sense of coherence at 18-years-of-age. Just under a quarter (24.6%) of the 3,380 adolescents had not had their sexual debut (no oral, anal or vaginal sex by the age of 18). There was a positive correlation between not debuting sexually at age 18 and a number of factors such as: being more likely to have caring fathers; parents born outside Europe; low sexual desire; lower pornography consumption; lower alcohol and tobacco consumption; less antisocial behavior and fewer experiences of sexual abuse than 18 year olds who had already made their sexua  debut. Adolescents with a minority sexual identity more often described their relationship with their parents as based on low care and high overprotection than did their heterosexual peers. The minority adolescents used alcohol and drugs to a significantly higher degree than the heterosexual adolescents. Multivariate analysis showed a positive correlation between a minority sexual identity and experience of anal sex, higher sexual lust, experience of sexual abuse, physical abuse and sexual exploitation. It was more than twice as common to have experience of penetrating sexual abuse and physical abuse with a sexual minority identity.

    Conclusions: Behaviours usually referred to as sexualised and problematic are uncommon among children at 7-13 years of age. Professionals and should give a child showing a sexualised behaviour special attention and investigate the reasons for the behaviour. Early sexual debut seems to be associated with problematic behaviours during later adolescence, indicating the fact that the early debut for some children is associated with an increased vulnerability, which has to be addressed. Family socio-demographics such as family stability and/or cultural status matter when it comes to time of sexual debut. Personality also seems to matter and further studies are needed to investigate if there is any correlation between personality traits and late sexual debut. Adolescents with no sexual debut at 18 years of age reported fewer antisocial acts, were less likely to smoke and drink alcohol, had less sexual desire and less experience of sexual abuse. Young people with a sexual minority identity (homo- and bisexual) could be seen to have a lower quality of life compared to heterosexual peers and studies need to be done to further explore possible reasons. They have a higher risk of having experience of sexual and physical abuse compared to heterosexual adolescents. Professionals need to be more aware of this group’s additional vulnerability including the increased risk of child abuse and offer different forms of support.

    Delarbeid
    1. Parents' reports on 7-12-years old childrens sexual behavior
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Parents' reports on 7-12-years old childrens sexual behavior
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 8, nr Suppl. 3, s. 270-270Artikkel i tidsskrift, Meeting abstract (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To understand if a sexual behaviour in a child is a sign of sexual abuse or neglect we need to investigate sexual behaviours among chil-dren. In the present study we investigated Swedish children age 7–12 to determine what constitutes usual and unusual sexual behaviours.

    Methods: Parents of 418 children answered questionnaires about their child’s behaviour, both general and sexual, and about their own attitudes.

    Results: We found that most sexual behaviours we asked about are common, and are in part related to or vary with age and gender. A small number of sexual behaviours were found to be very unusual in this normative group of children.

    Conclusion: Behaviours usually referred to as sexualized and problematic and perhaps a sign of sexual abuse or neglect were very rare in this normative sample of children 7–12 years of age.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Malden , MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing, 2011
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69889 (URN)10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02325.x (DOI)000291345300747 ()
    Konferanse
    Proceedings from the 20th World Congress of Sexual Health, Glasgow, United Kingdom, June 12-16 2011
    Merknad

    Meeting Abstract: 746

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-08-09 Laget: 2011-08-08 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Sexual debut before the age of 14 leads to poorer psychosocial health and risky behaviour in later life
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sexual debut before the age of 14 leads to poorer psychosocial health and risky behaviour in later life
    Vise andre…
    2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 104, nr 1, s. 91-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study investigated the relationship between sexual debut before 14 years of age and socio-demographics, sexual experience, health, experience of child abuse and behaviour at 18 years of age.

    Methods: A sample of 3432 Swedish high school seniors completed a survey about sexuality, health and abuse at the age of 18.

    Results: Early debut was positively correlated with risky behaviours, such as the number of partners, experience of oral and anal sex, health behaviours, such as smoking, drug and alcohol use, and antisocial behaviour, such as being violent, lying, stealing and running away from home. Girls with an early sexual debut had significantly more experience of sexual abuse. Boys with an early sexual debut were more likely to have a weak sense of coherence, low self-esteem and poor mental health, together with experience of sexual abuse, selling sex and physical abuse. A multiple logistic regression model showed that a number of antisocial acts and health behaviours remained significant, but early sexual debut did not increase the risk of psychiatric symptoms, low self-esteem or low sense of coherence at 18 years of age.

    Conclusion: Early sexual debut was associated with problematic behaviours during later adolescence, and this vulnerability requires attention from parents and healthcare providers.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    John Wiley & Sons, 2015
    Emneord
    Child abuse; Drug use; Risky behaviour; Sexual behaviour; Sexual debut
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113719 (URN)10.1111/apa.12803 (DOI)000346987300025 ()25213099 (PubMedID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-01-30 Laget: 2015-01-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05
    3. Differences in sexual behavior, health, and history of child abuse among school students who had and had not engaged in sexual activity by the age of 18 years: a cross-sectional study
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Differences in sexual behavior, health, and history of child abuse among school students who had and had not engaged in sexual activity by the age of 18 years: a cross-sectional study
    Vise andre…
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, ISSN 1179-318X, Vol. 7, s. 1-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Empirical research about late sexual debut and its consequences is limited, and further research is needed.

    Objective: To explore how students who had not had intercourse by the age of 18 years differed in terms of sociodemographic factors, physical and psychological health, sexual behavior, and history of sexual abuse from those who had.

    Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional survey involving 3,380 Swedish 18-year-olds. Descriptive analyses were used to investigate different types of sexual behavior. Ordinal data concerning alcohol consumption, self-esteem, sexual and physical abuse, parental relationships, sense of coherence, and health were analyzed, and multiple regression was carried out to identify the most important factors associated with no sexual debut.

    Results: Just under a quarter of the adolescents had not had oral, anal, or vaginal sex by the age of 18 years, and they comprised the index group. They were characterized by being more likely to have caring fathers, parents born outside Europe, lower pornography consumption, lower alcohol and tobacco consumption, less antisocial behavior, and above all lower sexual desire (sometimes, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.8; never/seldom, aOR 13.3) and fewer experiences of sexual abuse (aOR 25.5). Family structure and culture matters when it comes to the age of sexual debut.

    Conclusion: Adolescents with no sexual debut at 18 years of age seemed to live a more stable and cautious life than more sexual experienced peers, exemplified by fewer antisocial acts, less smoking and alcohol/drug consumption, less sexual desire, and less experience of sexual abuse.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Dove Medical Press Ltd.(Dovepress), 2016
    Emneord
    Adolescents, sexual abuse, sexual behavior, late sexual debut
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123026 (URN)10.2147/AHMT.S95493 (DOI)26811695 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society (MUCF)
    Merknad

    At the time for thesis presentation publication was in status: Manuscript

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-02 Laget: 2015-12-02 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Comparing quality of life between Swedish adolescents and young adults from sexual minorities and heterosexual groups
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Comparing quality of life between Swedish adolescents and young adults from sexual minorities and heterosexual groups
    Vise andre…
    2015 (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To investigate the relationship between sexual identity and socio- demographics, sexual experience, health, experience of child abuse, sexual exploitation and present behavior among Swedish adolescents and young adults.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey with 3,503 adolescents completing a  survey  about their sexuality, health and abuse at a mean age of 18.3 years. In addition, 362 members of the Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights completed the same survey at a mean age of 21.4 years.

    Results: Sexual minority respondents were more likely to say that their parental relationship was based on low care and high overprotection and they used alcohol and other drugs to a significantly higher extent than their heterosexual peers. Multivariate analysis showed a positive correlation between sexual minority and  low  self-esteem, poor mental health and experience of sexual abuse, physical abuse and sexual exploitation.

    Conclusion: The sexual minority group had a lower quality of life than their heterosexual peers and professionals need to be more aware that they are more vulnerable in a number of respects, including an increased risk of having experienced child abuse, and offer them different forms of support.

    Emneord
    Sexual minority, child abuse, health, self-esteem
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123027 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-02 Laget: 2015-12-02 Sist oppdatert: 2015-12-02bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 3.
    Kastbom, Åsa A.
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Larsson, I.
    Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Parents?: Observations and Reports on the Sexual Behaviour of 7 to 13 Years Old Children2012Inngår i: Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders, ISSN 2161-038X, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 2-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate sexual behaviours, types and frequencies, among Swedish children in the age group of 7-13 years, as observed and reported by their parents and to give professionals in different areas a greater knowledge of sexual behaviour among younger school children.

    Methods: The parents of 418 children answered questionnaires about their child's behaviour, both general and sexual, and about their own attitudes.

    Results: We found that most sexual behaviours we asked about were reported by the parents as common, and are in part related to, or vary with, age and gender. A small number of sexual behaviours often referred to as problematic behaviour were found to be very unusual in this normative group of Swedish children.

    Conclusion: Behaviours usually referred to as sexualized and problematic were rare in this normative sample of children at 7-13 years of age. The results are of importance for clinicians' evaluation of sexual behaviours reported by parents.

  • 4.
    Kastbom, Åsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Bladh, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping. Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Priebe, Gisela
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Comparing quality of life between Swedish adolescents and young adults from sexual minorities and heterosexual groups2015Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To investigate the relationship between sexual identity and socio- demographics, sexual experience, health, experience of child abuse, sexual exploitation and present behavior among Swedish adolescents and young adults.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey with 3,503 adolescents completing a  survey  about their sexuality, health and abuse at a mean age of 18.3 years. In addition, 362 members of the Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights completed the same survey at a mean age of 21.4 years.

    Results: Sexual minority respondents were more likely to say that their parental relationship was based on low care and high overprotection and they used alcohol and other drugs to a significantly higher extent than their heterosexual peers. Multivariate analysis showed a positive correlation between sexual minority and  low  self-esteem, poor mental health and experience of sexual abuse, physical abuse and sexual exploitation.

    Conclusion: The sexual minority group had a lower quality of life than their heterosexual peers and professionals need to be more aware that they are more vulnerable in a number of respects, including an increased risk of having experienced child abuse, and offer them different forms of support.

  • 5.
    Kastbom, Åsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Bladh, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping. Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Priebe, Gisela
    Department of Psychology, Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Differences in sexual behavior, health, and history of child abuse among school students who had and had not engaged in sexual activity by the age of 18 years: a cross-sectional study2016Inngår i: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, ISSN 1179-318X, Vol. 7, s. 1-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Empirical research about late sexual debut and its consequences is limited, and further research is needed.

    Objective: To explore how students who had not had intercourse by the age of 18 years differed in terms of sociodemographic factors, physical and psychological health, sexual behavior, and history of sexual abuse from those who had.

    Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional survey involving 3,380 Swedish 18-year-olds. Descriptive analyses were used to investigate different types of sexual behavior. Ordinal data concerning alcohol consumption, self-esteem, sexual and physical abuse, parental relationships, sense of coherence, and health were analyzed, and multiple regression was carried out to identify the most important factors associated with no sexual debut.

    Results: Just under a quarter of the adolescents had not had oral, anal, or vaginal sex by the age of 18 years, and they comprised the index group. They were characterized by being more likely to have caring fathers, parents born outside Europe, lower pornography consumption, lower alcohol and tobacco consumption, less antisocial behavior, and above all lower sexual desire (sometimes, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.8; never/seldom, aOR 13.3) and fewer experiences of sexual abuse (aOR 25.5). Family structure and culture matters when it comes to the age of sexual debut.

    Conclusion: Adolescents with no sexual debut at 18 years of age seemed to live a more stable and cautious life than more sexual experienced peers, exemplified by fewer antisocial acts, less smoking and alcohol/drug consumption, less sexual desire, and less experience of sexual abuse.

  • 6.
    Kastbom, Åsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Bladh, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Priebe, Gisela
    Lund University, Sweden; Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Sexual debut before the age of 14 leads to poorer psychosocial health and risky behaviour in later life2015Inngår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 104, nr 1, s. 91-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study investigated the relationship between sexual debut before 14 years of age and socio-demographics, sexual experience, health, experience of child abuse and behaviour at 18 years of age.

    Methods: A sample of 3432 Swedish high school seniors completed a survey about sexuality, health and abuse at the age of 18.

    Results: Early debut was positively correlated with risky behaviours, such as the number of partners, experience of oral and anal sex, health behaviours, such as smoking, drug and alcohol use, and antisocial behaviour, such as being violent, lying, stealing and running away from home. Girls with an early sexual debut had significantly more experience of sexual abuse. Boys with an early sexual debut were more likely to have a weak sense of coherence, low self-esteem and poor mental health, together with experience of sexual abuse, selling sex and physical abuse. A multiple logistic regression model showed that a number of antisocial acts and health behaviours remained significant, but early sexual debut did not increase the risk of psychiatric symptoms, low self-esteem or low sense of coherence at 18 years of age.

    Conclusion: Early sexual debut was associated with problematic behaviours during later adolescence, and this vulnerability requires attention from parents and healthcare providers.

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