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  • 1.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    Norsk senter for menneskerettigheter, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fogelgren, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att möta den högre utbildningens utmaningar2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den övergripande fråga som ställs i rapporten är: hur kan universitet och högskolor upprätthålla kvalitet i utbildningen? Undersökningen bärs upp av tre delar där vi studerar 1) om högskolepedagogiska kurser stärker lärare som pedagoger; 2) huruvida det finns incitament för universitetslärare att satsa på pedagogisk verksamhet; samt 3) vilka förutsättningar lektorer ges att inom ramen för sin tjänst fullgöra det pedagogiska uppdraget. I den första delstudien finner vi att pedagogiska kurser haft positiva effekter på deltagarnas upplevda trygghet i lärarrollen. Samtidigt förändras inte kursdeltagarnas grundläggande förhållningssätt till undervisning. I delstudie två finner vi att incitamenten att satsa på det pedagogiska uppdraget är relativt svaga, eftersom sakkunniga i allmänhet lägger liten vikt vid pedagogiska meriter jämfört med vetenskapliga. I den tredje delstudien undersöks balansen mellan forskning och undervisning för lektorer i statsvetenskap. Resultaten visar att skillnaden i undervisningsplikt, liksom kompensationen för likvärdiga undervisningsuppdrag, varierar mycket mellan lärosäten. Förutsättningarna för det pedagogiska uppdraget ser således väldigt olika ut för lektorer beroende på var de är anställda.

  • 2.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för globala studier.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Högskolepedagogiska meriter: En valuta med svag kurs?2017In: Universitet AB: Om kommodifiering, marknad och akademi / [ed] Marcus Agnafors, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, p. 137-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet analyserar vi de spänningar som finns inom det pedagogiska uppdraget sett ur universitetslärarens perspektiv: å ena sidan kräver högskolans huvudmän, intresseorganisationer och förståsigpåare att kraven på pedagogisk meritering måste höjas och skärpas, å andra sidan, trots att högskolepedagogiska kurser i allt högre grad gjorts till obligatorier, nödvändiga för anställning och befordran som universitetslärare, så har den pedagogiska fortbildningens värde ändå urholkats. Å ena sidan är det forskningsmeriter som är hårdvaluta i konkurrensen om tjänster, å andra sidan förväntas en svensk universitetslärare lägga 70-100 procent av sin arbetstid på undervisning. Å ena sidan kräver lärosätena att sökande till lektorat på ett alltmer omfattande sätt dokumenterar sina pedagogiska meriter, å andra sidan tillmäts pedagogiska kvalifikationer inte någon avgörande betydelse när sakkunniga värderar sökandes meriter i tillsättningsprocessen.

  • 3.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Strategier för att möta småkommunernas utmaningar2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag har en av fyra kommuner färre än 10 000 invånare. Fallande befolkningstal i många av Sveriges småkommuner gör det svårare att uppfylla välfärdsåtaganden. I denna skrift ges en historisk bakgrund till dagens situation. Därefter inventeras och värderas de vanligaste förslagen på hur dessa utmaningar ska mötas: 1) sammanslagning av kommuner, 2) införande av asymmetriskt styrelseskick samt 3) satsningar på utökad mellankommunal samverkan. Författarna presenterar även en fjärde möjlig strategi: att uppmuntra små och krympande kommuner att aktivt formulera en medveten anpassningspolitik.

  • 4.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Normative Theory of Local Government: Connecting Individual Autonomy and Local Self-Determination with Democracy2017In: Lex Localis, ISSN 1581-5374, E-ISSN 1855-363X, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 329-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of local government reform is high on the agenda in many developed democracies. The discussion is often framed in narrow terms, focusing on functional efficiency. In this article, we construct a normative argument for local government that values local government because it fulfills morally desirable purposes in itself, regardless of its functional efficiency. The argument is that the same foundational value – individual autonomy – constitutes the normative underpinning of both democracy and the right to local self-government. The implication is that if we value democracy, we must defend a strong and constitutionally protected local government.

  • 5.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den kommunala självstyrelsen2017In: Att äga framtiden: Perspektiv på kommunal utveckling / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Sören Häggroth & Ulf Ramberg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017, p. 65-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I regeringsformens portalparagraf kan vi läsa att den svenska demokratin förverkligas bland annat genom den kommunala självstyrelsen. Forskare som fördjupat sig i frågan menar dock att den kommunala självstyrelsen i praktiken saknar starkt grundlagsskydd (Petersson 2005: 170; jfr Nergelius 2006: 89f ). Regeringsformen anger nämligen att självstyrelsens utformning ska fastställas av riksdagen genom vanlig lag. Därför får självstyrelsen karaktären av en ”gummibandsprincip” (Petersson 2005); regelverket ger riksdagsmajoriteterna makt att utvidga eller inskränka kommunernas befogenhetssfär efter rådande behov (t.ex. Nergelius 2006; Petersson 2001/2002). Dahlkvist & Strandberg (1999: 290) går härvid så långt som att säga att de svenska kommunerna nog aldrig varit mycket mer än ”lokala verkställare av statlig reformpolitik” (jfr. Nergelius 2006: 288), det som Montin (2004: 36) gett etiketten ”välfärdsstatens förlängda arm”.

    Med facit i hand hävdar många att denna ordning historiskt sett tjänat Sverige väl. Men från ett principiellt perspektiv kan man fråga sig om detta sätt att reglera den kommunala självstyrelsen är det mest önskvärda. Det är i sammanhanget värt att påminna om att relationen mellan stat och kommun tidvis varit tämligen infekterad. Missnöjet med statens starka grepp över kommunsektorn fick på 1990-talet sitt uttryck genom kommunernas kritik mot förslaget om skattestopp, den mellankommunala skatteutjämningen, att staten inte följde finansieringsprincipen, samt att för mycket detaljreglering förekom. Dessutom visade en studie från 2003 att ledande kommunpolitiker upplevde att det över tid skett en förskjutning av makt från lokal till statlig nivå (Karlsson 2004: 13). Mot denna bakgrund vill vi problematisera den rådande ordningen, samt lyfta fram vad som i sentida debatt beskrivits som hot mot idén om självstyrande kommuner.

  • 6.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Den kommunala självstyrelsen2017In: Att äga framtiden: perspektiv på kommunal utveckling / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Sören Häggroth, Ulf Ramberg, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2017, p. 65-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    How Should Local Government Be Organised? Reflections from a Swedish Perspective2013In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 22-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two main arguments are presented in this article. First, when alternatives for the future design of local government are debated, a government needs to address two basic issues simultaneously: (a) how big (and hence how many) municipalities ought the political system have?, and (b) how strong and well secured ought the principle of local self-government be in the constitution? Second, by using these two questions as guides for our analysis, we argue that there are instrumental as well as substantial reasons to guarantee a strong local self-government in the constitution. However, such a reform needs to be complemented by a politically neutral body of regulations that, under given conditions, secures geographically concentrated minorities a right to secede. Although we use the Swedish case as the empirical base for the discussion, our analysis has a bearing on recent developments in, for example, the other Nordic countries and England, where amalgamations at the local level have been on the agenda throughout the past decade.

  • 8.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Understanding Large-Scale Institutional Change: Social Conflicts and the Politics of Swedish Municipal Amalgamations 1952-19742015In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 195-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A remarkable reform in modern Swedish political history was the transformation of the local government structure between 1952 and 1974. In a mere 22 years, the number of municipalities was reduced from 2,498 to 277. This study aims to answer how such large-scale reforms could come about politically, particularly since much of the literature on institutions and political reform asserts that carrying out large-scale political change should be a difficult task. Two opposing stories of institutional change are presented: evolutionary accounts, which see the amalgamations as rational adaptations to changing circumstances, are contrasted with a social conflict perspective, which explains amalgamations in terms of their distributional consequences. By investigating the processes leading up to this vast restructuring of Swedish local political geography, we demonstrate that an understanding of these reforms as rational adaptations to changing circumstances, made on the basis of consensus among leading political actors, is not accurate. The reforms were not as uncontroversial and non-conflictual as they often have been portrayed. Our results weaken the evolutionary approach to institutional change, whilst supporting the social conflict perspective.

  • 9.
    Heyward, Clare
    et al.
    University of Warwick, UK.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A free movement passport for the territorially dispossessed2016In: Climate justice in a non-ideal world / [ed] Clare Heyward, Dominic Roser, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 208-226Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clare Heyward and Jörgen Ödalen focus on the need for institutional reform to address climate-related injustice for a particular group of victims. They are concerned with the potential lacuna in international law concerning those citizens of states whose entire territories could be submerged by rising sea levels. Heyward and Ödalen refer to these as the the ‘territorially dispossessed’ and argue that they should be provided with a ‘Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed’ which gives its holder a right to choose their new nationality. They compare their proposal with competing ‘quota’ schemes and argue that the PTD is less unjust because its principle of free choice allows the territorially dispossessed to retain a larger measure of control over their destiny.

  • 10.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ekonomisk globalisering och global rättvisa2014In: Myt eller verklighet?: om samband mellan demokrati och ekonomisk tillväxt / [ed] Sven Oskarsson och Sten Widmalm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016In: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion / [ed] Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, no 2, p. 26-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande.

    Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater.

    I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

  • 13.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Rights of Climate Change Migrants2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Underwater self-determination: Sea-level rise and deterritorialized Small Island States2014In: Ethics, Policy & Environment, ISSN 2155-0085, E-ISSN 2155-0093, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 225-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate change is likely to become a major cause of future migration. Small Island States are particularly vulnerable since territorial destruction caused by sea level rise poses a threat to their entire existence. This raises important issues concerning state sovereignty and self-determination. Is it possible for a state to remain self-determining even if it lacks a stable population residing on a specific territory? It has been suggested that migrants from disappearing Small Island States could continue to exercise sovereign control over their abandoned territory. Such an arrangement would allow them to retain a measure of self-determination. The question posed in this paper is whether this ‘deterritorialized state proposal’ is conceptually plausible and normatively acceptable. It is argued that the proposal is conceptually plausible if we adopt a gradual understanding of ‘self-determination’, but that its normative acceptability is weak even if it is supplemented with compensatory measures.

  • 15.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bromesson, Douglas
    Department of Political Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fogelgren, Mattias
    Swedish Ministry of Finance, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Teaching university teachers to become better teachers: the effects of pedagogical training courses at six Swedish universities2019In: Higher Education Research and Development, ISSN 0729-4360, E-ISSN 1469-8366, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 339-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do pedagogical training courses for university teachers have desirable effects on the participants? We set out to answer this question by following a panel of 183 university teachers from Sweden’s six largest universities, who participated in pedagogical training courses. Our study reveals that the participants’ self-reported confidence in their role as teachers increased slightly, and their self-assessed pedagogical skills increased notably after they had finished their courses. Even though the courses were rather short, we could also observe some changes in fundamental approaches to teaching in some of the subgroups of respondents, both toward more student-centeredness and, perplexingly, toward more teacher-centeredness. Additionally, most respondents (7 out of 10) found the courses useful or very useful. Course satisfaction was most notable among participants with less than three years of teaching experience. Considering the fact that we find the positive effects of pedagogical training courses to be present mainly in the group of participants with less than three years of teaching experience, we discuss whether a policy of making these courses mandatory for all university teachers implies an overestimation of their impact.

  • 16.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Heyward, Clare
    University of Warwick.
    A Free Movement Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a significant risk that some Small Island States will become uninhabitable due to sea level rises, driven by anthropogenic climate change. Should this happen, citizens of such states will be forced to migrate but, under the current system of international law, these migrants could become stateless. In this article we propose that migrants from threatened island states (the territorially dispossessed) should be provided with a “Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed” (PTD). A PTD also gives its holder a right to free movement and a right to choose their new nationality. The PTD proposal has an advantage over competing suggestions that states should admit a set proportion of these migrants. Quota schemes will generally fail to appropriately compensate the territorially dispossessed. The principle of free choice, by contrast, allows them to retain a measure of control over their destiny and to migrate with dignity.

1 - 16 of 16
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