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  • 1.
    Ahlvin, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care.
    Warnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Regional Örebro County, Sweden.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care.
    Ordell, Sven
    Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care.
    Self-perceived oral health among 19-year-olds in a Swedish County - A comparative study between 2004 and 20112016In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 53-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades, Swedish dental professionals have collected clinical epidemiological data from the dental records. To supplement the epidemiology, Ostergotland County Council decided to examine patient perceptions of oral health: self-rated knowledge, self-perceived oral health, and opinions about oral health. The aim was to compare self-perceived oral health among 19-year-olds to determine differences between genders, various municipalities and between 2004 and 2011. This study analysed the responses from two cross-sectional surveys of the entire population of 19-year-olds in Ostergotland County, Sweden, performed in 2004 and 2011. Of the 2,413 (53 %) (50 % men, 50 % women) 19-year-olds who responded to the questionnaire in 2004 and the 3,803 (67 %) (50 % men, 50 % women) in 2011, most 19-year-olds (88.1 % [2004] and 87.5 % [am]) reported satisfaction with their oral health. Around half of the respondents rated their knowledge on periodontitis as low. Boys rated their knowledge about avoiding periodontitis higher than girls (p<0.05 in 2004 and p<0.001 in 2011). In 2004, 84.7 % reported shooting pain. In 2011 that figure was 83.7 %. The respondents expressed some uncertainty about the benefits of fluoride toothpaste (7.5 % in 2004 and 9.3 % in 2011), especially the boys (10.3 % in 2004 and 10.5 % in 2011). Girls reported both a higher social impact and greater concern about aesthetics related to their oral health. They also reported headache (27.5 %) nearly twice as often as boys (14.2 %) (p>0.001). Responses between the municipalities did not differ, with the exception of items regarding periodontitis. Thus, this study found indications that perceptions of oral health and knowledge in Ostergotland County complied with Swedish Dental Act. The study also found patient perceptions of oral health among 19-year-olds to be good.

  • 2.
    Bågesund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. TakoCentre, National Resource Centre for Oral Health in Rare Medical Conditions, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Shafiee, Z.
    TakoCentre, National Resource Centre for Oral Health in Rare Medical Conditions, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Drivdal, M.
    Centre for Rare Disorders, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Berden, J.
    TakoCentre, National Resource Centre for Oral Health in Rare Medical Conditions, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Storhaug, K.
    TakoCentre, National Resource Centre for Oral Health in Rare Medical Conditions, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Dental care and oral health in Aagenaes syndrome/lymphedema cholestasis syndrome 12015In: Special Care in Dentistry, ISSN 0275-1879, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 83-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aagenaes syndrome/lymphedema cholestasis syndrome 1 (LCS1) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by neonatal cholestasis and lymphedema. The aim was to assess dental care and oral health in adults with LCS1. Fifteen (9M, 6F) individuals diagnosed with LCS1, aged 19-59 years participated. The study evaluated salivary secretion rate, dental radiographs, intraoral photos and included a questionnaire. Eight (53%) had regular dental checkups. Three had received subsidized dental care. Seven (47%) had two or more subjective symptoms of xerostomia. Three (20%) had a decreased stimulated salivary secretion rate below 0.7 mL/minute. Seven (47%) had dentin caries. Marginal periodontitis was found in all six patients above 35 years of age, but not before that age. Thirteen (87%) had tooth discoloration, which was extensive in three (20%). Conclusion. Several patients with LCS1 have problems with periodontitis and tooth discoloration. Frequent dental checkups are therefore recommended. © 2014 Special Care Dentistry Association and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 3.
    Göranson, Emma
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Lundström, Fredrik
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Outcome of orthodontic care and residual treatment need in Swedish 19-year-olds2014In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 133-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to assess the outcome of orthodontic care in Linkoping, Sweden. The dental records of 207 (107 M,100 F) 19-year-olds registered at one public dental health clinic were studied. A clinical examination was performed where malocclusions were registered, where after residual orthodontic treatment need was measured using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON). The 19-year-olds also filled in a questionnaire regarding residual subjective orthodontic treatment demand. Differences between genders were analysed. One hundred and ten (47 M, 63 F) individuals (53.1%) had partaken in orthodontic consultations. Orthodontic appliance treatment had been received by 86 (38 M, 48 F) individuals (41.6%). A residual orthodontic treatment need was registered in 28 (22 M, 6 F) individuals (13.5%). Residual subjective orthodontic treatment demand was expressed by 9 (3 M, 6 F) individuals (4.3%). Eight (2 M, 6 F) of those had no residual treatment need. A higher (p=0.006) rate of females (63.0%) than males (44.0%) had participated in orthodontic consultations. The proportion of males (35.5%) who had experienced orthodontic treatment was not significantly lower (p=0.069) than among the females (48.0%). However, a lower (p=0.009) proportion of treated males (55.3%; n=21 out of 38) than of treated females (81.3%; n=39 out of 48) had received their treatment by orthodontic specialists. At 19 years of age, the proportion of males with residual treatment need (20.6%) was higher (p=0.002) than among the females (6.0%). Every patient with orthodontic treatment need and -demand at 19 years of age had previously been offered orthodontic treatment. The conclusion was drawn that the orthodontic care scheme had successfully diagnosed and treated orthodontic problems in the population. However, notable differences between genders regarding treatment modalities and the amount of residual treatment need at age 19 were found.

  • 4.
    Ingemansson Hultquist, Ann
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care. Folktandvården, Västervik, Sweden.
    Lingström, Peter
    Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Risk factors for early colonization of mutans streptococci - a multiple logistic regression analysis in Swedish 1-year-olds2014In: BMC Oral Health, ISSN 1472-6831, E-ISSN 1472-6831, Vol. 14, no 147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mutans streptococci (MS) are closely related to the development of dental caries and are usually established in the oral cavity during early childhood. The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with the presence of MS in Swedish 1-year-olds. Methods: Parents completed a questionnaire on different caries-associated factors and an oral bacterial sample was collected from 1,050 (526 boys, 524 girls) 1-year-olds. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for colonization with MS. Results: MS were found in 27% of the 1-year-olds with teeth. High or very high MS scores (2-3) were found in 72 (7%) of the children. MS score was correlated to the number of erupted teeth (p less than 0.001). No difference due to gender was found. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that presence of bacteria was associated with: caries in a sibling, other beverages than water between meals, and more than 8 erupted teeth. High or very high MS scores (2-3) were associated with other beverages than water between meals, and more than 8 erupted teeth. Conclusions: Number of teeth present, diet and family aspects were factors associated with presence of MS in 1-year-olds. To develop high or very high MS scores, the number of erupted teeth and dietary habits are important.

  • 5.
    Svanberg, Christina
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care. County Council Jamtland, Sweden.
    Norevall, Lars-Inge
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Ekman, Bertil
    Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine.
    Wahlberg Topp, Jeanette
    Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care.
    Cephalometric analysis of adults with Turner syndrome2016In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 33-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Turner syndrome (TS) is a genetic disorder of females with a prevalence of 1/2000-3000 live female births. The aim of this study was to compare cephalometric variables from adult women diagnosed with TS to a standardized reference group of 31-year old healthy women, and to evaluate the possible effects of human growth hormone (hGH) therapy in women with TS. Registered TS subjects in the Southeast region of Sweden were invited to take part in the study. Twenty-one women aged 36 +/- 13(18-57) years accepted participation. Lateral radiographs of the head were analyzed using standard cephalometric methods (Hasund analysis) and with the commercially available soft-ware program FACAD. Comparisons were made with roentgen-cephalometric standards from a reference group of nineteen 31-year old Swedish women. Analysis of the cephalometric radiographs from the TS subjects showed a more retrognathic maxilla (SNA 80.3 +/- 5.4) (p=0.0460) and mandible (SNB 77.0 +/- 5.2) (p=0.0014), and a correspondingly backward position of the chin (SN/Pg 78.9 +/- 5.5) (p=0.0046) as compared to the reference values of 31-year old women (SNA 83.2 +/- 3.0, SNB 81.5 +/- 2.3 and SNPg 83.0 +/- 2.3, respectively). In addition there was an increased posterior inclination of the maxilla (SN/NL 8.6 +/- 4.1), as compared to the reference values (SN/NL 5,3 +/- 2.7) (p=0.0048). There were no significant differences regarding sagittal or vertical jaw relations, mandibular inclination or cranial base angle between the TS-group and the 31-year olds with the reference values. No significant difference was seen in jaw relationship, as measured by the ANB value, however the Wits(index) (3.3 +/- 3.5) was higher (p=0.0001) than the reference values (-0.1 +/- 1.8). Subjects with or without previous hGH administration did not show any significant differences in cephalometric values. In conclusion, women with TS had a significantly more retrognathic maxilla (SNA) and mandible (SNB) and a correspondingly significantly posterior position of the chin (SN/Pg), a significantly increased posterior inclination of the maxilla (SN/NL) and a significantly increased Witsindex as compared to the reference group of 31-year old women. No craniofacial variables differed significantly between previously hGH-treated and not hGH-treated women with TS.

  • 6.
    Wahlberg, Jeanette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
    Ledin, Torbjön
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care, Centre for Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry.
    Ekman, Bertil
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology.
    Impaired Postural Balance in Turner Syndrom2013In: Hormone and Metabolic Research, ISSN 0018-5043, E-ISSN 1439-4286, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 537-540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An impaired body balance has been found in Turner syndrome (TS) in clinical tests like Rombergs’s test and walking on a balance beam. The aim of the study was to assess postural balance in TS subjects with specific balance testing using dynamic posturography and relate to body composition. Nineteen TS subjects (20–57 years) were included. Balance was measured with dynamic posturography (Equitest) and compared with 19 sex and age-matched controls (22–59 years). Equitest, visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems were provoked with increasing difficulty (6 tests, SO1–SO6) and body sway was measured with a dual forceplate. Body composition was measured with DXA. No difference was found between the TS subjects and the controls on fixed platform with open eyes (SO1), with closed eyes (SO2), with stable platform and visual disorientation (SO3), or on unstable platform with open eyes (SO4). In the difficult tests on unstable platform the TS subjects did worse compared with controls both in the test with eyes closed (SO5), p<0.01, and in the test with visual disorientation (SO6), p<0.05. Composite (a merge of all six recordings) was significantly lower in the TS-group, p<0.05. In the TS group high total body weight was related to worse outcome on tests SO5, SO6, and composite, while total bone mass, age, height, or waist showed no significant association with balance scores. Our findings indicate that TS could have an increased risk for falling due to impaired ability to manage complex coordination tasks.

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