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  • 1.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Äldre människor i ensamhet och gemenskap2017In: Vem är den äldre?: Äldrebilder i ett åldrande Sverige / [ed] M. Abramsson, L-C. Hydén, A. Motel-Klingebeil, Stockholm: Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande, NISALn , 2017, 1, p. 73-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet innehåller en sammanställning över kunskapsläget när det gäller äldre personers upplevelse av ensamhet. Ensamhet kanbeskrivas som en negativ känsla vilken uppkommer och hörsamman med människors brist på sociala relationer. Det kan röra sig om brister när det gäller relationernas antal och/eller kontinuitet. Ensamhet är ett komplext fenomen, och mätningar av andelenäldre som upplever negativ ensamhet ger olika resultat beroende påstudie. Studier genomförda i Sverige har visat att cirka 10 procentav gruppen äldre (65+) uppger att de ofta har en känsla avensamhet. Till detta kan läggas att cirka 40 procent uppger att de ibland upplever ensamhet. Det finns ännu få svenska effektstudierav de satsningar som genomförts med syfte att motverka äldresensamhet.

  • 2.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Loneliness among older people in the Swedish media: Constructions, discourses and the designation of responsibility2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Feelings of belonging or not belonging to other people are commonly seen as an essential and universal part of human existence. How loneliness is talked about and understood is, however, found to differ depending on historical, cultural and societal contexts. Today, there are intense discussions on loneliness among older people in the Swedish news-press. Constructions within mass media and - in this licentiate thesis - news-press are found to have a significant influence on how older people evaluate their own life and how older people are treated by the surrounding society. Research with this focus is, however, scarce despite the large amount of studies on loneliness and despite research on constructions of older people within mass media being a frequently addressed issue for ageing research. The aim of this thesis is to explore how loneliness among older people is constructed and how the responsibility for reducing loneliness is designated within the Swedish news-press.

    In Paper 1 the empirical material consisted of 94 news-press articles from the years 2013-2014. The prime finding was that loneliness was not the main focus in the articles from the Swedish news-press. The concept was used more to motivate the need for political change, enhancing the importance of volunteer work and described as a risk factor within research reports. The material analysed in Paper 2 consisted of 40 news-press articles from October 2016. The responsibility for reducing loneliness among older people was found to be designated between welfare state institutions on different levels. Institutions and political parties both defend the planned or performed measures to reduce loneliness, but also admit to not doing enough in this regard. Older people were found to be constructed as recipients of activities for reducing loneliness, and the “we” in “society” were those who should perform activities in order to reduce loneliness among older people.

    The main overall finding of the thesis is that loneliness was not the main focus in the articles from Swedish news-press. Instead, loneliness was used as a motive for political change and to enhance the value of volunteer work. Furthermore, loneliness among older people is understood as a problem that needs to be solved. The contexts and logics of the mass media were found to have an influence on how loneliness among older people was constructed, as the issue was mainly addressed in local debate articles with ambitions of achieving change.

    List of papers
    1. What are we talking about?: Constructions of loneliness among older people in the Swedish news-press
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>What are we talking about?: Constructions of loneliness among older people in the Swedish news-press
    2017 (English)In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 41, p. 18-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Loneliness among older people is an issue that engages the general public and various professions and organizations in contemporary Swedish society. One public arena where this engagement is particularly evident is within the Swedish news-press, where articles on loneliness among older people are frequently published. Loneliness is commonly perceived as significantly related to ageing and older people. In addition, the mass media is considered to have a crucial influence in shaping general perceptions of older people. The aim of this study is to examine how loneliness among older people is constructed in the Swedish news-press and whether there is a prevailing “loneliness discourse” within this context. The empirical material consists of 94 articles from the Swedish news-press from the years 2013–2014. Two dominating discourses was found. Loneliness — within the discourse of eldercare, politics and the welfare society, is primarily written about in news articles and debate articles by a variety of authors, such as politicians and representatives from organizations. Within this discourse, loneliness is utilized as a concept to motivate the need for political change and the allocations of resources and to amplify deficiencies within eldercare, politics and the welfare society. The second discourse, Loneliness — within the discourse of volunteer work, is addressed in reportage articles written by journalists. In this discourse focus was on depicting volunteers and enhancing the importance of volunteer work. Here, loneliness serves as a motive for performing volunteer work. In addition, the discourse of Research reports on older people's health was found, although less significant compared to the two major discourses. Within this discourse ageing is presented as a risk, where loneliness is one of these risk factors. Despite some minor differences, loneliness, within all three discourses, is given the meaning of being a problem that needs to be solved. A central finding in this study is that focus in the articles, from Swedish news-press, is not mainly on loneliness but rather on eldercare, politics and the welfare state, volunteer work and health among older people. Loneliness is, consequently, used as a concept to motivate the need for political change and the allocation of resources for older people, to enhance the values of volunteer work and to emphasize the risks associated with ageing.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2017
    Keywords
    Loneliness, Older people, Mass media, Discourse theory
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136131 (URN)10.1016/j.jaging.2017.03.002 (DOI)000404490400003 ()28610751 (PubMedID)
    Note

    Fundingagencies: Norrkepingsfonden [KS 2013/0721]

    Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Reducing loneliness among older people – who is responsible?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing loneliness among older people – who is responsible?
    2018 (English)In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish news-press, loneliness among older people is presented as a severe problem that needs to be solved. The issue of who is responsible for reducing loneliness and how this responsibility is designated is, however, rarely discussed. In this study, we have analysed how responsibility is designated and constructed in articles from the Swedish news-press. Focus has been on identifying responsibility in discourses proceeding from the concept of subject positions. This concept has enabled analysis on how responsibility is negotiated and who is positioned as a responsible actor with the ability to perform actions that reduce loneliness. Three dominating discourses were found. In the discourse of responsibility within politics and the welfare state, the responsibility is both self-taken and designated to other institutions held responsible for not initiating sufficient measures to reduce loneliness. In the discourse of responsibility within societal and evolutionary perspectives on loneliness, developments beyond the individual's control are considered to contribute to loneliness. At the same time ‘we’ in ‘society’ are considered capable of reducing loneliness, thereby constructing individuals as responsible actors. Within the discourses of responsibility within senior organisations, both senior organisations and people who participate in activities are constructed as responsible actors. In conclusion, the responsibility for reducing loneliness is, apart from the discourse on senior organisations, designated to those working with older people.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018
    Keywords
    loneliness, responsibility, news-press, subject positions, discourses
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153334 (URN)10.1017/S0144686X18001162 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055109228 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2020-01-23Bibliographically approved
  • 3.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utvärdering och uppföljning av SIK-projektet: Utvärdering av SIK-projektets tredje projektperiod, oktober 2012-maj 20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande utvärderings syfte har varit att belysa och analysera de kunskaper och erfarenheter som kommit ur arbetet med SIK projektet under de år som projektet bedrivits. Då detta har varit den tredje och sista projektperioden har en viktig del av utvärderingens syfte varit att sammanfatta och beskriva hur de erfarenheter och kunskaper som kommit ur de två föregående projektperioderna bidragit till att forma hur man arbetar inom projektet under den tredje och sista projektperioden. Resultaten i utvärderingen grundas till största del på samtal och kvalitativa intervjuer med medarbetarna inom SIK projektet. En observation av en regionträff för flertalet Integrationsfondsprojekt har även genomförts.

    Vid genomförandet av denna utvärdering har jag inspirerats av Den praktik och erfarenhetsbaserade idealtypen för utvärdering, där syftet utgörs av att förstå hur processer och insatser kan påverka en verksamhet både praktiskt och metodiskt. I denna ”modell” ligger betoning vid förståelse, tolkning och reflektioner kring det praktiska förändringsarbetet, vilket lämpar sig väl med de syften som denna utvärdering utgått ifrån. De centrala teman som framkommit och belysts i utvärderingen var; Processtödets betydelse, Tematisering som grund för kritiskt tänkande och reflektion, Critical friend, Arbete över geografiska och organisatoriska gränser - hinder och möjligheter, Erfarenheter och kunskaper från projekt - hur tas de tillvara? och Tillvaratagandet av SIK:s kunskaper och erfarenheter. Sammanfattningsvis har det visat sig att tyst kunskap varit fundamentet för SIK projektet, då kärnan i projektets arbete utgjorts av att främja synliggörandet, tillvaratagandet och utbyten av tyst kunskap. Hinder för att synliggöra tyst kunskap har således utgjort en central fråga för SIK projektet. Geografiska avstånd, olika organisatoriska tillhörigheter, skilda verklighetsbilder, svårigheten att överföra invanda handlingsmönster samt att kunskap kan skapa hierarkiska ordningar utifrån vad som anses vara ”rätt kunskap” har visat sig vara betydelsefulla hinder för utbyten av tyst kunskap. SIK projektet kan sammantaget ses som modell för framtiden då projektet fungerat som en motpol till projektlogikens fokus på mål och resultat, då det kontinuerligt arbetats för att ge de olika integrationsfondsprojekten verktyg för kritisk reflektion, möjliggöra kunskaps- och erfarenhetsutbyten, att belysa tyst kunskap och att synliggöra de komplexa processer som sker i projektens framväxande.

  • 4.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    What are we talking about?: Constructions of loneliness among older people in the Swedish news-press2017In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 41, p. 18-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Loneliness among older people is an issue that engages the general public and various professions and organizations in contemporary Swedish society. One public arena where this engagement is particularly evident is within the Swedish news-press, where articles on loneliness among older people are frequently published. Loneliness is commonly perceived as significantly related to ageing and older people. In addition, the mass media is considered to have a crucial influence in shaping general perceptions of older people. The aim of this study is to examine how loneliness among older people is constructed in the Swedish news-press and whether there is a prevailing “loneliness discourse” within this context. The empirical material consists of 94 articles from the Swedish news-press from the years 2013–2014. Two dominating discourses was found. Loneliness — within the discourse of eldercare, politics and the welfare society, is primarily written about in news articles and debate articles by a variety of authors, such as politicians and representatives from organizations. Within this discourse, loneliness is utilized as a concept to motivate the need for political change and the allocations of resources and to amplify deficiencies within eldercare, politics and the welfare society. The second discourse, Loneliness — within the discourse of volunteer work, is addressed in reportage articles written by journalists. In this discourse focus was on depicting volunteers and enhancing the importance of volunteer work. Here, loneliness serves as a motive for performing volunteer work. In addition, the discourse of Research reports on older people's health was found, although less significant compared to the two major discourses. Within this discourse ageing is presented as a risk, where loneliness is one of these risk factors. Despite some minor differences, loneliness, within all three discourses, is given the meaning of being a problem that needs to be solved. A central finding in this study is that focus in the articles, from Swedish news-press, is not mainly on loneliness but rather on eldercare, politics and the welfare state, volunteer work and health among older people. Loneliness is, consequently, used as a concept to motivate the need for political change and the allocation of resources for older people, to enhance the values of volunteer work and to emphasize the risks associated with ageing.

  • 5.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Äldres ensamhet i media: mellan "epidemi" och individuell upplevelse2019In: Mind, ISSN 2002-4282, no 2, p. 4p. 36-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ensamhet är idag en fråga som berör och får stor uppmärksamhet i massmedia. I ny forskning riktas blicken mot hur äldres ensamhet beskrivs i svensk dagspress idag, vilken bland annat visat att ensamhet främst kopplas till äldre samt att fokus ligger vid äldreomsorg och inte ensamhet i sig.

  • 6.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reducing loneliness among older people – who is responsible?2018In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish news-press, loneliness among older people is presented as a severe problem that needs to be solved. The issue of who is responsible for reducing loneliness and how this responsibility is designated is, however, rarely discussed. In this study, we have analysed how responsibility is designated and constructed in articles from the Swedish news-press. Focus has been on identifying responsibility in discourses proceeding from the concept of subject positions. This concept has enabled analysis on how responsibility is negotiated and who is positioned as a responsible actor with the ability to perform actions that reduce loneliness. Three dominating discourses were found. In the discourse of responsibility within politics and the welfare state, the responsibility is both self-taken and designated to other institutions held responsible for not initiating sufficient measures to reduce loneliness. In the discourse of responsibility within societal and evolutionary perspectives on loneliness, developments beyond the individual's control are considered to contribute to loneliness. At the same time ‘we’ in ‘society’ are considered capable of reducing loneliness, thereby constructing individuals as responsible actors. Within the discourses of responsibility within senior organisations, both senior organisations and people who participate in activities are constructed as responsible actors. In conclusion, the responsibility for reducing loneliness is, apart from the discourse on senior organisations, designated to those working with older people.

  • 7.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Ensommes gamle vaern, Danmark..
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Who is designated responsibility for reducing loneliness among older people?2018In: Lessons of a lifetime, Oslo, 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Äldres ensamhet - vems ansvar?2019In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 4, p. 4p. 44-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I en aktuell studie av artiklar om ensamhet i svensk press framträder personer, institutioner och organisationer som är ”icke-äldre” som ansvariga för att genomföra åtgärder för att motverka ensamhet.

  • 9.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swane, Christine
    Ensomme gamles vaern, Denmark.
    Constructions of loneliness in Swedish and Danish daily-press2017In: 13th ESA Conference: Abstract book, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utvärdering av projektet Testmiljö Norrköping Etapp 1. 2013-20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande utvärdering har avsett att värdera de resultat som framkommit under första året för Testmiljö Norrköping. En viktig del av utvärderingen har utgjorts av att förstå och reflektera kring nyckelaktörers och deltagares resonemang kring sitt deltagande, sina upplevelser av och syn på projektet. I utvärderingens syfte ingick även att lyfta vilka mervärden och bieffekter som kommit fram under projektets första år.

    Vid genomförande av föreliggande utvärdering har sammanlagt 14 kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts. Nio av dessa intervjuer har varit med personer som är nyckelaktörer inom projektet. Fem intervjuer har utförts med personer som deltagit i surfplatteutbildningen. Utöver de kvalitativa intervjuerna har en enkät delats ut till samtliga personer som deltagit i surfplatteutbildningen. Enkätens svarsfrekvens var hög, då 45 av 54 tillfrågade besvarade enkäten.

    Utifrån utvärderingens resultat- och analysdel är vår bedömning att man inom projektet Testmiljö Norrköping uppnått det övergripande målet att under projektets första år etablera stadsdelarna Såpkullen och Vilbergen som testmiljöer för digitala tjänster och lösningar riktade till personer över 75 år. Denna bedömning motiveras av att man etablerat kontakter med intresserade företag som vill genomföra olika tester inom ramen för projektet samt att man arrangerat surfplatteutbildningar där sammanlagt 64 personer deltog. Genom att man lyckats nå ut till denna grupp av personer och koppla dem till testmiljön har man lagt en viktig grund för testmiljöns framtid. Vår bedömning är även att bredden i styrgruppen och det stora externa intresset för testmiljön innebär potentialer till att länka till andra aktiviteter, yrkesområden, organisationer och projekt.

    Vad gäller deltagarnas uppfattningar av och syn på utbildningen var de överlag nöjda med utbildningens uppläggning och innehåll. Övergången från att gå en surfplatteutbildning till att faktiskt använda en surfplatta i vardagen har visat sig vara komplex och varierande mellan informanterna. Utbildningen har bidragit till att deltagarna vågat pröva sig fram på surfplattan på egen hand. Att man genom utbildningen upplever sig vara delaktig i samhället och att man tack vare utbildningen upplever att man följer med i samhällsutveck-lingen, var något majoriteten av deltagarna tog upp i intervjuerna samt i enkätsvaren.

    Beträffande nyckelaktörernas perspektiv på projektets första år framgick att styrgruppens sammansättning uppfattades som relevant. Alla i styrgruppen upplevde projektets innehåll och mål som betydelsefulla utifrån den verksamhet man representerade.

    Under projektets första år har flera oväntade resultat och ändringar i inriktning uppkommit. Att kalkylera och ge utrymme för oväntade resultat är svårt då man på förhand inte kan veta vilka oväntade resultat och händelser som kan inträffa. Att synliggöra dessa förändringar kan bidra till en förståelse för hur komplex framväxten av projektet varit. Det kan även bidra till att identifiera oväntade hinder som kan vara tidskrävande att överkomma, men även till att belysa vilka positiva resultat och mervärden som kan komma ur det oväntade.

    Utvärderingen är författad av Axel Ågren, Catharina Nord och Elisabet Cedersund (alla verksamma vid NISAL, Linköpings universitet) på uppdrag av vård- och omsorgskontoret och PUFF-enheten, Norrköpings kommun. PUFF-enheten är en forsknings- och utvecklingsverksamhet inom välfärdsområdet. Inom PUFF-enheten ingår Norrköpings, Söderköpings, Finspångs och Valdemarsviks kommun i samverkan.

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