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  • 1.
    Rafat, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Instrumentation. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Xeroudaki, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Ophthalmology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Koulikovska, Marina
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Ophthalmology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Sherrell, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Instrumentation. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Groth, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Ophthalmology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Fagerholm, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Ophthalmology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Lagali, Neil
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Ophthalmology in Linköping.
    Composite core-and-skirt collagen hydrogels with differential degradation for corneal therapeutic applications2016In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 83, p. 142-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scarcity of donor tissue to treat corneal blindness and the need to deliver stem cells or pharmacologic agents to ensure corneal graft survival are major challenges. Here, new composite collagen-based hydrogels are developed as implants to restore corneal transparency while serving as a possible reservoir for cells and drugs. The composite hydrogels have a centrally transparent core and embedded peripheral skirt of adjustable transparency and degradability, with the skirt exhibiting faster degradation in vitro. Both core and skirt supported human epithelial cell populations in vitro and the skirt merged homogeneously with the core material to smoothly distribute a mechanical load in vitro. After in vivo transplantation in rabbit corneas over three months, composites maintained overall corneal shape and integrity, while skirt degradation could be tracked in vivo and non-invasively due to partial opacity. Skirt degradation was associated with partial collagen breakdown, thinning, and migration of host stromal cells and macrophages, while the central core maintained integrity and transparency as host cells migrated and nerves regenerated.

    IMPACT:

    This study indicates the feasibility of a collagen-based composite hydrogel to maintain corneal stability and transparency while providing a degradable peripheral reservoir for cell or substance release.

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  • 2.
    Sherrell, Peter
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Cieślar-Pobuda, Artur
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Institute of Automatic Control, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland.
    Silverå Ejneby, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Divison of Neurobiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Sammalisto, Laura
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gelmi, Amy
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    de Muinck, Ebo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
    Brask, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Divison of Neurobiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Jan Los, Marek
    Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
    Rafat, Mehrdad
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rational Design of a Conductive Collagen Heart Patch2017In: Macromolecular Bioscience, ISSN 1616-5187, E-ISSN 1616-5195, Vol. 17, no 7, article id 1600446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction, are the cause of significant morbidity and mortality globally. Tissue engineering is a key emerging treatment method for supporting and repairing the cardiac scar tissue caused by myocardial infarction. Creating cell supportive scaffolds that can be directly implanted on a myocardial infarct is an attractive solution. Hydrogels made of collagen are highly biocompatible materials that can be molded into a range of shapes suitable for cardiac patch applications. The addition of mechanically reinforcing materials, carbon nanotubes, at subtoxic levels allows for the collagen hydrogels to be strengthened, up to a toughness of 30 J m-1 and a two to threefold improvement in Youngs' modulus, thus improving their viability as cardiac patch materials. The addition of carbon nanotubes is shown to be both nontoxic to stem cells, and when using single-walled carbon nanotubes, supportive of live, beating cardiac cells, providing a pathway for the further development of a cardiac patch.

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