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  • 1.
    Holgersson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Grahn, Ossian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Går det att lita på Brå?: En studie om bias i myndighetsforskning2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Brottsförebyggande rådet (Brå) har funktion som ett forskningsinstitut och är på samma gång en myndighet under ett departement. Konstruktionen öppnar för frågor om forskningen kan snedvridas av politisk styrning. Vår slutsats är att det finns en inbyggd spänning i förhållandet att en myndighet som lyder under justitiedepartementet samtidigt utför studier som rör detta departements kärnfrågor och att detta får konsekvenser för tillförlitligheten i yttranden och rapporter från Brå. Ett flertal intervjupersoner vittnar bland annat om hur Brås ledning direkt utsatt dem för påtryckningar för att ändra rön som av politiska, ideologiska eller andra skäl inte varit önskvärda. Andra anser dock att anställda vid Brå inte är föremål för konkreta påtryckningar med bäring på deras arbete. Samtidigt, menar de, finns en påtaglig möjlighet för Polismyndigheten och andra intressenter att påverka resultaten genom detaljerade beställningar. Det tycks råda en tystnadskultur på Brå som bland annat tydliggörs genom att intervjupersonernas syn på Brås verksamhet skiljer sig åt beroende på i vilket förhållande de stod till Brå vid intervjutillfället. Också sådant som utspelade sig under datainsamlingen indikerar att det finns en tystnadskultur.

    För att belysa detta spänningsförhållande görs jämförelser med den industrifinansierade forskningen. Sådan forskning har visat hur bias kan förekomma i alla steg i en forsknings- process, särskilt gällande formuleringar av forskningsfrågor och vid resultatredovisning. I både industrifinansierad forskning och undersökningar gjorda vid Brå, framstår det som ovanligt att själva genomförandet styrs av en uppdragsgivare, till exempel genom censurering av data eller selektiv dataanvändning. Endast enstaka intervjuer indikerar att sådant förekommer vid Brå. Men företag som finansierar forskning, liksom beställare som justitiedepartementet och Polismyndigheten, kan påverka hur den specifika frågan för en studie formuleras och därmed indirekt även resultatet. Både inom industriforskning och de studier som Brå genomför spelar kommunikationen av resultat stor roll. Särskilt stor visar sig risken för bias vara när politiskt känsliga resultat ska presenteras, eller när rönen tydligt går emot beställarens uppfattningar och/eller agenda.

    Bias innebär att det finns en risk att olika beslutsfattare inte får välgrundade beslutsunderlag. Förhållandet mellan Brå och Polismyndigheten har framkommit som en väsentlig aspekt för studiens inriktning. Brå är mån om att ha goda relationer med Polismyndigheten och att Brås agerande kan ha en legitimitetsskapande effekt för polisorganisationen. Förhållandet kan bidra till att polisen inte kommer till rätta med viktiga förändringsbehov.

    Som kontrollorgan för Brås verksamhet har ett forsknings- och ett insynsråd instiftats. Studien pekar på att dessas inflytande är modest. Därutöver granskar utomstående akademiker de rapporter som Brå ska publicera. Våra data tyder på att kriminologer från Stockholms universitet har haft och har stor inverkan på de förhållningssätt och den syn på forskning som är förhärskande vid Brottsförebyggande rådet. För att minska risken för bias och för att Brås långsiktiga trovärdighet inte ska lida skada kan det vara viktigt att bryta upp informella maktstrukturer vid Brå. Likaså är det angeläget att komma tillrätta med den tystnadskultur som verkar råda inom Brå. Vidare är det betydelsefullt att Brå strävar efter en hög grad av transparens.

  • 2.
    Holgersson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Conducting critical research on powerful organisations: challenges for research independence2019Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, ISSN 1104-2176, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, nr 02, s. 136-155Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Independence and integrity in research are prerequisites for objective and ethically responsible research. At the same time, image promotion plays a significant role in many contemporary organisations, and this might influence how research is carried out and presented. The article suggests that organisational branding is significant to understand the conditions in which researchers conduct and present critical research on powerful organisations. In this article we explore what prevents researchers from challenging the police’s brand and how researchers can act when their results do so. The results are based on several sources of data, such as field notes, public records, media statements, research reports and interviews with researchers who have presented critical research.

  • 3.
    Holgersson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    How aims of “looking good” may limit the possibilities of “being good”: The case of the Swedish Police2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The expression “being good or looking good” does not only highlight a tension between presented images of how an organization works and how it actually works, but also indicates that an aim to look good can have a negative impact on how an organization will work and evolve. In fact, when an organization has a strong aim to “look good” there is a risk that significant problems will be hidden or mitigated, and therefore remain unchanged. Various forms of inquiries, and even research, can contribute to create a good impression of an organization, and can be part of an organization’s image promoting strategies. We address a research gap in this paper by exploring how organizational image promoting may form, influence and can be prerequisite for how research and inquiries are done and presented, and how a pressure to build a good image of an organization affect the possibilities to develop the organization. By using several examples we aim to demonstrate various outcomes and dilemmas both for researchers doing research in an organization that puts a great effort in image promoting and for organizations with such an aim. The organization in focus for this paper is the Swedish police.

  • 4.
    Nordvall, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    When Gender Training Backlashes: Participants’ Resistance and the Fragility of Commonsensical Feminism2019Inngår i: Adult Education Quarterly, ISSN 0741-7136, E-ISSN 1552-3047, Vol. 69, nr 3, s. 207-224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist educators often encounter different forms of resistance from both maleand female participants. This article uses a neo-Gramscian theoretical perspective todiscuss the importance of considering this resistance when analyzing the relationshipbetween pedagogical design and outcomes. The study draws on survey data andparticipant observation from a case study of a workshop designed to raise awarenessof gender issues. The results from a before-and-after survey show that the workshophad the opposite effect to the one intended in terms of changes in the participants’perceptions of gender. Having a “failed case” as the center of attention, the articlesheds light on the fragility of mainstream discourse on gender equality and thedilemmas of engaging in a struggle over common sense.

  • 5.
    Sefton, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    ”Core Values Timeout”: A Counter Hegemonic Discursive Device in Police Jargon2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This article centres on Swedish police students’ perceptions of the informal practice of “Core Values Timeout” (Sw. värdegrunds-timeout) in the police force. The analysis is based on empirical data from fieldwork conducted at the Swedish National Police Academy. The results show that the timeout works to oppose the official Police Core Values policy, but also an implicit core value based on non-discriminatory speech and behaviour. The timeout works as a counter-hegemonic discursive tool for maintaining a humorous jargon, and functions as a socio-pragmatic device for parallel practices of inclusion and exclusion. The timeout can be seen as a response to the Police Core Values, i.e. the core values generate the counter-productive effect of making visible the non-acceptable behaviour and politically incorrect values practised in the organisation.

  • 6.
    Sefton, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    “Core Values Timeout”: A Counter-Hegemonic Discursive Device in Police Jargon2011Inngår i: Nordisk polisforskning: Konferensskrift från den tredje nordiska polisforskningskonferensen, Umeå 2010 / [ed] Lars Erik Lauritz & Mehdi Ghazinour, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2011, s. 28-50Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasingly pluralistic and diverse society has made issues of value and conduct recurrent areas of debate in the Swedish Police Force. Policy strategies for promoting diversity and value awareness have been implemented, and the Core Values of the Swedish Police (The Swedish National Police Board [NPB], 2009) policy is one of these organisational strategies. But the policy has given rise to counter-reactions, and police students pick up from senior officers how to deal with the policy’s restrictions and regulations of behaviour and speech. The purpose of this article is to explore one of the reactions to the Police Core Values, namely the informal practice of ”Core Values Timeout” (Sw. värdegrunds-timeout), and examine the police students’ understanding of this phenomenon and its function in relation to the Police Core Values and their professional practice. The analysis of this empirical finding is based on data from ethnographic fieldwork and focus group interviews conducted at the Swedish National Police Academy.

  • 7.
    Sefton, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Diskursiva redskap i sociala miljöer: ”Värdegrunds-timeout” som mothegemoni till Polisens värdegrundspolicy2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Poliser och polisstudenter lär av varandra genom kunskap och erfarenheter både i och utanför Polishögskolans formella kontext. I denna presentation beskrivs polisstudenters förståelse av fenomenet “värdegrunds-timeout”. ”Värdegrunds-timeout” är en informell praktik i såväl ord som handling i form av en timeout med syfte att yttra sig, ofta politiskt inkorrekt, i konflikt med Polisens värdegrundspolicy. Timeouten uppstår som en humoristisk jargong i den praktiska yrkesvardagen.

    Utifrån neo-gramsciska begrepp som hegemoni och mothegemoni (Hall, 1996; Laclau & Mouffe, 1985) beskrivs ”värdegrunds-timeouten” som en motståndshandling och som ett mothegemoniskt diskursivt redskap mot Polisens värdegrundspolicy. Den humoristiska jargongen kan förstås som en kulturell norm för accepterat beteende inom ett utsatt yrke och tolkas som specifika spelregler, i form av ett socio-pragmatiskt verktyg, i den sociala interaktionen. I analysen illustreras hur ”värdegrunds-timeouten” kan ses som en mothegemoni till polisens fastställda värdegrund om ”engagemang, effektivitet och tillgänglighet”. Resultatet visar att Polisens värdegrund innehåller och skapar ett utrymme i form av en effekt som motverkar själva värdegrundens syfte. Resultatens innehållsliga värde synliggör hur upprättande av en strategi för goda värden frammanar motstånd och synliggör samtidigt vad värdegrund inte är och vad som inte är tillåtet inom organisationen. Analysen är baserad på empiri från etnografiskt fältarbete som genomfördes under 2010 på Polishögskolan i Solna.

  • 8.
    Sefton, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Centrum för de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Police Students' Talk About the Relevance of Religion in Policing: Teaching and Learning About Diversity at the Swedish National Police Academy2010Inngår i: Changing Societies – Values, Religions, and EducationA Selection of Papers From a Conference at Umeå University, June 2009 / [ed] Karin Sporre and Gudrun Svedberg, Umeå: Umeå School of Education , 2010, s. 63-70Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal changes lead to changes within the police. Due to the increasing diversity the police are facing issues concerning multi-culturalization, both within the police organization and in the police education system. As the police are obliged to work actively against xenophobia and racism in order to promote an understanding of ethnic and cultural diversity, it is relevant to study how this is integrated into the education of future police officers. What is being taught and learnt about diversity, with a focus on religion, ethnicity and culture, and how is this done? In the article some preliminary findings from the first visits to the Police Academy are presented, for the purpose of illustrating how students view religion and its relevance for their future profession.

  • 9.
    Sefton, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    ’Sunt förnuft’ som normaliserande konstruktionsredskap i polisstudenters tal om Polisens värdegrund2012Inngår i: Religionsdidaktisk arbeid pågår: Religionsdidaktikk i Hamar och Karlstad / [ed] Sidsel Lied & Christina Osbeck, Vallset: Oplandske Bokforlag , 2012, s. 193-219Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Sefton, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Centrum för de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Teaching and Learning about Religion in the Swedish Police Academy: student conversations about the relevance of religion in Police work2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to increased diversity in society the Police are facing several issues concerning the effects of globalization and multi-culturalization, both within the Police force itself, as well as within the society as a whole. The Police are obliged to work actively against of intolerance, xenophobia and racism in order to promote an understanding of ethnic and cultural diversity.

    The aim of the project is to study processes of teaching and learning about diversity, with a focus on religion, ethnicity and culture, as found within the education of Swedish police officers. The main research questions of the project are what is being taught and learnt and how? The questions will be applied on the levels of policy, the educational setting and work practice, and highlight possible tensions between these levels.

    In the paper I present some preliminary findings from the first visits to the Police Academy, with the purpose to illustrate how students view religion and its relevance for their future profession. 

  • 11.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Challenging and destabilizing official discourses: irony as a resistance resource in institutional talk2019Inngår i: Culture and Organization, ISSN 1475-9551, E-ISSN 1477-2760Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines Swedish police students’ and officers’ situational use of irony as a resource for engaging in workplace resistance. Through irony, managerial discourses and policies are destabilized, giving voice to an alternative reality. The resistance towards the police’s official discourses reinforces a gap between the management and officers in the ranks, strengthening in-group autonomy and norms among the rank and file, but also disrupting organizational control. Irony was restricted to, but also opened up for, ‘safe spaces’, suggesting that counter-hegemonic discourses among police employees are constrained by contextual factors such as their socio-political environment and organizational culture. Irony also helped to promote social harmony and sustain ‘conflict- free venues and encounters’, and the double nature of irony should be seen as a powerful resource for expressing criticism while avoiding sanctions. The article suggests that ironically expressed resistance towards institutional conditions is enabled and created by the very same conditions.

  • 12.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Controversial diversity: Diversity discourses and dilemmas among Swedish police recruits2019Inngår i: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Diversity strategies to increase social inclusion in organisations have been a major concern in various institutions during recent decades. This article examines Swedish police recruits’ talk about diversity. The study is based on data from ethnographic fieldwork at the Swedish National Police Academy and focus group interviews of police recruits. Twenty-seven recruits were interviewed in their final year at the police academy, which included a period of probationary service at a police station. Using a discourse analysis, the article explores how the Swedish police's official policies for diversity and social equality are recognised, but also called into question, by Swedish police recruits. One dominating discourse of difference and two controversial discourses on diversity are outlined, showing that recruits frequently draw upon multiple discourses to legitimise their claims for and against diversity. A conceptual framework is developed for understanding the discourses and dilemmas of diversity within the police, with examples provided of how social order is reproduced among recruits.

  • 13.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Den motstridiga mångfalden2015Inngår i: The Past, the Present and the Future of Police Research: Proceedings from the fifth Nordic Police Research seminar / [ed] Rolf Granér och Ola Kronkvist, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2015, 1, s. 155-170Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågor om mångfald ställs på sin spets inom polisen, vars uppdrag är att skydda demokratiska värden och lagar om människors rättigheter. I föreliggande kapitel presenteras hur Polisens officiella mål för mångfald och social jämlikhet bejakas men också äventyras och problematiseras av blivande polisers tolkningar av polisens uppdrag. Mångfald framstår därmed som ett komplext och därtill motsägelsefullt projekt inom svensk polis.

  • 14.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Polismyndigheten, Östergötland.
    Den talande tystnaden: Utvärdering om anställdas uttrycksmöjligheter i polisområde Östergötland2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är en utvärdering av interna samtalskulturer i polisområde (PO) Östergötland, och har bedrivits under 2016 på uppdrag av samma PO. Utvärderingen framhävs som ett led i ett medarbetardrivet utvecklingsarbete och med bakgrund av att ledningen fått signaler om att anställda upplever en oro i att uttrycka synpunkter, kritik eller missnöje internt. I rapporten identifieras möjligheter och svårigheter som medarbetare och gruppchefer inom den yttre verksamheten i PO Östergötland upplever med att uttrycka sig till såväl kollegor som till chefer. Materialet består av deltagande observation och informella samtal med anställda vid de tre verksamhetsorterna Norrköping, Linköping och Motala, samt 33 djupintervjuer med poliser.

    Rapporten fokuserar på att beskriva olika svårigheter som anställda upplever med att uttrycka sig internt, eftersom den övervägande delen av materialet består av detta. Ett ytterligare skäl är att identifiera områden som rymmer utvecklingsmöjligheter för att kunna rikta åtgärder som bidrar till en förbättring av verksamheten.

  • 15.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Diversity dilemmas within the (Swedish) Police2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Society dilemmas are police dilemmas. However, dilemmas concerning diversity bring matters to a head within the police whose mandate is to protect democratic values and human rights. This PhD-project presents how contradictory notions of diversity leads to struggles of the role of diversity within the constabulary and in relation to policing, based on accounts from police officers undergoing their final training. The study reveals tensions between contradictory demands, leading to dilemmas for the police: on the one hand requirements for increased diversity and on the other restrictions of diversity. How can we understand the police mission to work against prejudice, when parts of policing are based on prejudice? Why is a discriminatory humorous jargon reproduced in a profession whose duty is to promote justice and obstruct discrimination? What are the implications of an increasing demand of knowledge of different social groups, which at the same time places these groups in a discriminatory social order? These are some of the questions and dilemmas brought to the fore by notions of diversity within the police in a Swedish context.

  • 16.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Doing value policy: A local value contract as resource for group norm negotiation2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many obstacles for employees to introduce discussions about ethical issues at workplaces. Some examples are the significance of maintaining smooth peer-relations and a strong group cohesion, as well as internal power relations. It is argued that in professions with strong ‘esprit de corps’ (such as rescue-services) the importance of friction free scenes supress the ability for various opinions and controversies in everyday discussions. This paper explores how local contracts about common principles on a group level can render opportunities for employees to address and negotiate existing values and norms, especially where there is a perceived suppressed communication climate on an institutional level. The paper focuses on a few cases from a field study in a police district, where some working groups highlighted the importance of continuously revising and discussing values on a group level. Departing from a theoretical perspective that focuses on the significance of social interaction, the paper analyses field observations, field notes and interviews with police employees on a subordinate level and first level managerial position. Artefacts, such as value contracts and an assessment of the contract, are also analysed. The preliminary findings shows how the use of a group contract and the assessment about the contract’s values and norms functions as a resource and creates a discursive space for group members to address and negotiate existing practices.

  • 17.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Learning the (hidden) silence policy within the police2019Inngår i: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 308-325Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organisations declare that the ability for employees to speak out about organisational matters is important for organisational development. However, recent literature reports a widespread fear of retaliation among employees if they express themselves – especially within the police. The point of departure of the present article is the tension and discrepancy between official policy and officers’ accounts of the conversational climate within the police. Through empirical examples from data consisting of field studies and 33 interviews with police officers in subordinate ranks, this article describes how employees learn and reproduce informal norms that condition the conversational and working climate within the organisation. In contrast to official guidelines within the police, employees learn the informal cultural norms of keeping a low profile and remaining silent through everyday talk. Theories that stress how discourses, storytelling, and noisy silences accomplish social action are used to explain why these informal norms are given such power within an institutional setting.

  • 18.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Learning the hidden silencepolicy within the police2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Police’s official policy states that one central aspect of the organization is that employees can discuss organizational working tasks and working situations internally (National Police Board, 2011). However, recent research and report on a widespread fear of various retaliations among employees when expressing oneself within the police (Holgersson, forthcoming; Knutsson, 2015; Wieslander, 2016; forthcoming). This ongoing research describes how police employees are learned to silence in interaction with peers and supervisors and through developing knowledge of not just professional service as an officer but also about institutional working conditions. In contrast to formal and official norms and values within the police an informal culture with norms of assimilation, “staying low” and to “shut up” is learned through everyday talk and storytelling among the employees. Through empirical examples from data consisting of field studies and 33 interviews with police officers this paper presents how employees learn and reproduce informal values that condition the conversational and working climate within the organization. Applying Jacksons’ (1968) theory of ‘hidden curriculum’ and ‘curriculum silentium’ (Lien Holte, 2009) to policy in practice the analysis reveals tensions and a discrepancy between the official policy and the hidden policy of the conversational climate within the police. The results are also briefly discussed in relation to the police as a learning organization.

    The paper contributes to the field of adult education and learning by combining professional ethics, learning in professions and how formal and informal knowledge is reproduced within an institution. Moreover, it highlights the significance of hierarchical structures in relation to professional learning.

  • 19.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Marginalised voices in the inclusive recruitment discourse: a dilemma of inclusion/exclusion in the (Swedish) police2018Inngår i: European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, ISSN 2000-7426, E-ISSN 2000-7426, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 61-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment for diversity is part of a range of proactive strategies for overcoming occupational stereotyping in a number of professions, as well as addressing a history of discrimination against women and minority groups. One such campaign launched by the Swedish police involves 'inclusive recruitment'. By analysing the discourse of inclusive recruitment and its subject positions in police student talk, this article shows how borders between people who are assigned different social categories are constructed, challenged and reinforced. Positive intentions in agendas towards diversity are problematised when minorities are ascribed as admitted on quotation, which places them in a ubordinate and 'risky position' within an occupation and on less legitimate premises. A dilemma emerges between a call to represent minority groups and the risk of categorising them as 'others'. In particular, voices of resistance from ethnic minority police women show how practices of exclusion could jeopardise efforts to achieve inclusion.

  • 20.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Marginalised voices in police diversity discourse: A dilemma of inequality through 'widened recruitment' in the (Swedish) police2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Diversity recruitment and affirmative action strategies in the police are part of a range of proactive strategies to overcome a history of discrimination and exclusion of women and minority groups. One effort in the Swedish Police has been the rhetoric and campaigns of ‘widened recruitment’ (Sw: breddad rekrytering). This article identifies and outlines the discourse of widened recruitment within the Swedish police. More specifically, it shows how social categorizations and subject positions in relation to widened recruitment are constructed, challenged and reinforced.

    Design– The empirical data is from field studies at the Swedish National Police Academy and from eight focus group interviews with police officers in trainee. The data is analysed with reference to critical discursive psychology.

    Findings – This paper argues that positive intentions of the diversity agenda are challenged when police students with minority background are ascribed affirmative action and a quota system and thus placed in a subordinate position on less legitimized premises within the constabulary. As a parallel result, a constituted norm of white, Swedish, heterosexual men are made invisible in diversity rhetoric, hence rendered natural and more legitimized within the police. A dilemma emerges, between the call for representation of social (minority) groups and the risk of ascribing these groups as ‘others’. Voices of resistance from ethnic minority police women show how discourses of exclusion might jeopardize the police’s effort for inclusion.

    Research limitations/implications – The data concerns the Swedish police but major findings should be applicable to other public institutions as well that deals with diversity recruitment. The paper, which is empirically based, deals with and nuances the paradoxical effort to recognize social categorizations on the one hand, and on the other disregard them.

    Value – The paper contributes to the research field of adult education and the conference theme by addressing political efforts of inclusion in vocational and adult education, with research in the interface of education, policy and practice.

  • 21.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Ordningsmakter inom ordningsmakten: Diskurskamp, dilemman och motstånd i blivande polisers samtal om mångfald2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis identifies and describes the diversity aspects of police discourse based on the accounts of police trainees in their final year. Specifically, the focus is on culture, religion and ethnicity, and four main questions are addressed: What is said about diversity? How is it articulated? What subject positions are offered and assumed? In what ways are discourses of diversity sustained and challenged?

    The analysis of discourse in use is based on field studies conducted at the Swedish National Police Academy and focus group interviews with police trainees in the educational setting and during their trainee placement period. The analytical concepts of interpretative repertoire, ideological dilemmas, subject positions and discursive devices are employed to identify how different meanings are ascribed to diversity. Three central discourses of diversity are presented: diversity as inescapable difference (a hegemonic practice), diversity as political goal (recognition of diversity) and diversity as potential likeness (regulation of diversity). These are competing discourses on how police officers should be and how their role is understood in relation to a pluralistic society. The study shows that the contradictory diversity discourses reflect a struggle of different ‘us’, which regulates the conception of the ideal police officer, professional conduct and the performance of policing.

    In addition, five dilemmas originating in the tension between the discourses are outlined. Diversity is found to involve ideological dilemmas regarding how policing should be conducted in relation to profiling and social categories, how humour and jargon are viewed and handled, and how lack of knowledge may mean attributing subject positions to others with discriminatory implications. The thesis contributes to showing how diversity discourses reproduce the social order by affirming the social categories that the representatives of diversity are assumed to embody. It closes with a discussion of some practical and theoretical implications of its findings.

  • 22.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Prejudice or fact? Learning about prejudices in school and at work2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When police students are educated at school about prejudices working against prejudices are made central for becoming a professional officer serving in a multicultural society. This is stressed in relation to a tendency for officers to develop cynicism towards certain groups in society on the basis of work experience. Analyzing police trainee discourses on prejudice at school and after probationary service, this paper shows how the prejudice discourse of police work shifts depending on institutional and educational context. The analysis is based on field studies at the Swedish National Police Academy and on focus group interviews with police students in the school context (semester 4) and at the end of their probationary service (semester 5). When students have been on probationary service the hegemonic discourse of prejudice is to work on the basis of them. The school is made into an arena of political correctness where utopian ideals of society and modern police work are challenged by the perceived realities of policing. Prejudice as a concept is contested and what is prejudice to others is regarded as experiences and facts useful for policing, hence legitimizing, for example, ethnic profiling. This discourse is reinforced by a surrounding notion of reality based knowledge as a more legitimate source of knowledge, transferred by older and experienced colleagues and supervisors. 

    The paper contributes to the field of adult education and learning by combining professional ethics, learning in professions and how formal and informal knowledge is reproduced in professional education. Moreover, it highlights the significance of hierarchical structures in relation to professional learning.

  • 23.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    When whistling fades: (New) Theories for Understanding Organizational Silence2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of expression and the ability to speak out about organizational matters are not only work related rights for employees, but have also been declared as important for organizational development by researchers as well as the organisations themselves. However, various constrains of these ideals can be expected and have been reported upon. As an example, recent literature inform of a widespread fear of retaliation among employees when expressing work related criticism. This paper suggests a (new) theoretical approach to understand why and when internal criticism becomes supressed within an institution. A vast body of research within this field has been theorized from an organizational and managerial perspective, while few studies have focused on theories of learning in relation to whistleblowing or organizational silence. Therefore, this paper aligns this approach and seeks to understand organisational silence through a learning perspective, by combining an approach that considers the performative aspects of discourse together with the theory of institutional storytelling and the concept noisy silence.

    The paper sets out from a tension and discrepancy between the official policy and officers’ accounts of the conversational climate within a Swedish police district. Through empirical examples from data consisting of field studies and 33 interviews with police officers, this paper identifies and describes how employees draw upon and reproduce informal values that condition the conversational and working climate within the organization. In the long run, this restricts employees’ freedom of expression and action, such as reporting both internally and externally on various wrongdoings.

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