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  • 1.
    Amars, Latif
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Independent Climate Researcher, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Mathias, Fridahl
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Hagemann, Markus
    NewClimate Institute, Germany.
    Röser, Frauke
    NewClimate Institute, Germany.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    The transformational potential of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Tanzania: assessing the concept’s cultural legitimacy among stakeholders in the solar energy sector2016In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 22, no 1, 86-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While energy-sector emissions remain the biggest source of climate change, many least-developed countries still invest in fossil-fuel development paths. These countries generally have high levels of fossil fuel technology lock-in and low capacities to change, making the shift to sustainable energy difficult. Tanzania, a telling example, is projected to triple fossil-fuel power production in the next decade. This article assesses the potential to use internationally supported Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) to develop solar energy in Tanzania and contribute to transformational change of the electricity supply system. By assessing the cultural legitimacy of NAMAs among key stakeholders in the solar energy sector, we analyse the conditions for successful uptake of the concept in (1) national political thought and institutional frameworks and (2) the solar energy niche. Interview data are analysed from a multi-level perspective on transition, focusing on its cultural dimension. Several framings undermining legitimacy are articulated, such as attaching low-actor credibility to responsible agencies and the concept’s poor fit with political priorities. Actors that discern opportunities for NAMAs could, however, draw on a framing of high commensurability between experienced social needs and opportunities to use NAMAs to address them through climate compatible development. This legitimises NAMAs and could challenge opposing framings.

  • 2.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Umeå.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes2012In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 3, 243-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now widely recognized that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential to improve decisions about and awareness of climate change. The term ‘stakeholder’ is broad and researchers and practitioners may have interrelated and contrasting views on who is a stakeholder or who is (or should be) responsible for adaptation to climate change. To engage stakeholders in research or other projects on adaptation thus requires a careful mapping of the stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels. Through a case study approach, based on studies of two Swedish urban regions, Stockholm and Gothenburg, this paper proposes a systematic method to analyse and identify roles and responsibilities in the stakeholder landscape. The initial mapping exercise was complemented by participatory studies of local and regional stakeholders’ perceptions of who is, or should be, involved in adaptation and their significance for climate change adaptation in the respective regions. The results indicate the value of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable, effective, planned adaptation that is flexible, but also systematic enough to fulfil practical and scientific requirements for the study and advancement of ongoing adaptation processes and implementation.

  • 3.
    Backstrand, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Kuyper, Jonathan W.
    Stockholm University, Sweden; University of Oslo, Norway.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. University of Oxford, England.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Non-state actors in global climate governance: from Copenhagen to Paris and beyond2017In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 26, no 4, 561-579 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 4.
    Cioc, Mark
    et al.
    University of California at Santa Cruz .
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Osborn, Matt
    Green Mountain College, USA.
    Environmental History Writing in Northern Europe2000In: Environmental History, ISSN 1084-5453, E-ISSN 1930-8892, Vol. 5, no 3, 397-407 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Fridahl, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research .
    Perspectives on the Green Climate Fund: Possible compromises on capitalization and balanced allocation2016In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537, Vol. 8, no 2, 105-109 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Finance is at the heart of UN climate diplomacy. Through the long-term finance pledge, developed countries have committed to mobilize USD 100 billion annually from 2020 onwards to support climate action in developing countries. The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is also expected to become a key player in the climate finance landscape. This viewpoint presents the views of representatives of developed and developing countries’ governments on how the annual sum of USD 100 billion should be dispensed by the GCF, based on a survey conducted at the 2013 UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw. Respondents’ give their views on (1) the mitigation/adaptation ratio in GCF support and (2) the public/private ratio in financial sources. Respondents from developing countries would prefer to channel a substantially higher amount of the long-term finance pledge through the GCF. The extent to which the long-term finance pledge should be governed by the GCF is contentious, because governments pledge long-term finance without specifying the mitigation/adaptation ratio, whereas the GCF Board is tasked with balancing the allocation of its funds between adaptation and mitigation. This contention is fuelled by the fact that developing countries have a greater say in the allocation of funds from the GCF than from alternative sources of finance for the long-term finance pledge. We suggest that it is time to (1) reformulate the pledge to clarify its mitigation/adaptation ratio and (2) agree to definitions of key concepts such as “climate finance” and “private finance” to allow for more distinct negotiating positions on sources of finance.

  • 6.
    Friman, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technologies confining equity: the case of historical responsibility in UNFCCC negotiations2006In: Technologies of Nature Politics,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of historical responsibility aims at attributing individual country burdens in mitigating climate change based on the relative levels of past emissions. Brazil presented the first comprehensive version of the concept of historical responsibility before the pre Kyoto climate change negotiations in 1997. The -Brazilian proposal- combined retributive and distributive as well as inter- and intra-generational justice. However, the issue of historical responsibility very soon turned technical and was referred to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice. It illustrates how disparities in knowledge production influence the negotiations. The proposal was restrained in policy process due to lack of scientific expertise from Southern countries and due to non-inclusive discourse. The proposal stranded on problems of how to correctly represent physical nature in mathematical models, marginalising the original intentions of equity in relation to the North-South divide as well as to past and future generations thus undercutting a potential angle of approach for achieving good global governance. 

  • 7.
    Friman, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technology obscuring equity: historical responsibility in UNFCCC negotiations2008In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 8, no 4, 339-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the concept of historical responsibility, the commitments of individual countries to take action on climate change are distributed based on the relative effects of their past emissions as manifested in present climate change. Brazil presented a comprehensive version of the concept to pre-Kyoto negotiations in 1997. The ‘Brazilian proposal’ originally combined several justice principles; however, following referral to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, discussion soon became confined to technical calculations. This case illustrates how disparities in knowledge production and framing can influence the inclusiveness of negotiations. Southern participation in the policy process was restrained due to lack of scientific expertise on the part of Southern countries and due to the non-inclusive biophysical discourse traditionally preferred by Northern policy-makers. The historical responsibility issue became stranded on problems of how to correctly represent physical nature in climate models. This marginalized the original intention that equity should be the guiding principle of the North–South interaction, arguably undercutting a potential angle of approach to advance the climate change negotiations. The article concludes that in the interest of facilitating the North–South dialogue in climate change negotiations, any framing of historical responsibility that excludes equity needs to be redefined.

  • 8.
    Friman, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technology obscuring equity: the case of historical responsibility in UNFCCC2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of today's most pressing environmental problems share one important characteristic: they are cross-boundary, i.e., they disregard political and geographical borders. Obviously, this is challenging for several reasons. One is that present legal and political institutionshave no effective reach beyond the nation-state. The same is the case with most political authority. Furthermore, the border crossing character of many environmental problems is also ethically challenging. What is a fair distribution of the burdens required to mitigate and adapt to e.g., climate change, chemical pollution andover use of marine resources and/or to make society less vulnerable to its' consequences? And perhaps even more difficult: Who has theresponsibility to take action - those causing the problems or those inrisk to suffer from the devastating effects? The papers in this section are discussing environmental problems from such points of view as authority, responsibility and distributive justice. 

  • 9.
    Friman, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technology obscuring equity: the case of historical responsibility in UNFCCC negotiations2007In: Statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsstämma,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Friman, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technology obscuring equity: the case of historical responsibility in UNFCCC negotiations2007In: Authority, Responsibility and Justice in Environmental Politics, Oslo: NIBR , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Glaas, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Gammelgaard Ballantyne, Anne
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Danmark.
    Neset, Tina-Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Navarra, Carlo
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Opach, Tomasz
    Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Department of Global Development and Planning, University of Agder, Norge.
    Rød, Jan Ketil
    Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Department of Global Development and Planning, University of Agder, Norge.
    Goodsite, Michael E.
    Department of Technology and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark, Danmark.
    Facilitating climate change adaptation through communication: Insights from the development of a visualization tool2015In: Energy Research and Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, Vol. 10, 57-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change communication on anticipated impacts and adaptive responses is frequently presentedas an effective means to facilitate implementation of adaptation to mitigate risks to residential buildings.However, it requires that communication is developed in a way that resonates with the context of thetarget audience, provides intelligible information and addresses perceived barriers to adaptation. In thispaper we reflect upon criteria for useful climate change communication gained over a three year developmentprocess of a web-based tool – VisAdaptTM – aimed at increasing the adaptive capacity amongNordic homeowners. Based on the results from continuous user-testing and focus group interviews weoutline lessons learned and key aspects to consider in the design of tools for communicating complexissues such as climate change effects and adaptive response measures.

  • 12.
    Glaas, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Gammelgaard Ballantyne, Anne
    Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Schmid Neset, Tina
    Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Visualization for supporting individual climate change adaptation planning: Assessment of a web-based tool2017In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 158, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Homeowners are important actors in implementing climate change adaptation. However, individual socio-cognitive constraints related to risk perceptions and perceived capacity may hamper their action. Climate change visualization could help planning and management overcome such constraints by offering accessible information to increase individual adaptive capacity. Such visualization would require that information be perceived as legitimate and credible by emphasizing the diversity of impacts and alternative options, and simultaneously as salient by highlighting context-specific risks and measures. Based on focus group interviews and test sessions, we analysed how homeowners made sense of and discussed a specific interactive planning support tool – VisAdapt™ – integrating climate scenarios, local risk maps, and adaptation measures for various house types. The tool combines precise and general depictions in visualizing climate change to support adaptation among Nordic homeowners. Results reveal that the tool spurred reflection on concrete local risks and various adaptation actions. The tool was less successful in providing a framework for assessing the magnitude of anticipated changes, making these appear as generally small. Visualization aspects that are important for spurring reflection on adaptive action are specifying various climate parameters, relating climate impacts to established practices for managing weather risks, and emphasizing diverse concrete short- and long-term measures.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-10-07 13:16
  • 13.
    Grennfelt, Peringe
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environm Research Institute, Sverige .
    Kjellen, Bo
    Stockholm Environm Institute, Sverige.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Zetterberg, Lars
    IVL Swedish Environm Research Institute, Sverige.
    Socio-Economic Research in Support of Climate Policy Development: Mistras Research Program Clipore2012In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mistras Climate Policy Research Program, Clipore, is one of the largest research programs directed to support international climate policy development, involving research groups in Sweden, Norway, United States and India. It has been running from 2004 to 2011 with a budget of more than 100 MSEK (15 M USD). The paper briefly describes the program and its outcomes in relation to climate policy development. Discussion focuses on how the program has been able to be in the front of and include the development of emissions trading systems in Europe and the United States and how the program has been able to follow and produce inputs to the agenda of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The paper also discusses how the program has managed to present its outcomes and maintain an active dialogue with the various stakeholders. The paper emphasises options and obstacles in the communication between science and policy.

  • 14.
    Hedrén, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utopian thought and sustainable development2009In: Futures, ISSN 0016-3287, Vol. 41, no 4, 197-200 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Hedrén, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utopian thought and the politics of sustainable development2009In: FUTURES, ISSN 0016-3287, Vol. 41, no 4, 210-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that utopian thought is a necessary condition for the politics of sustainable development. Since utopian thought has so far been constrained by some typically Western features from the era of modernity, this requires a shift that transcends the following three fundamental aspects: the notions of fixed truth, fixed territoriality and fixed final goals for politics. The article argues that the concept of global sustainable development can entail three new elements of utopian thought: the disintegration of fixed territoriality, a never-ending story, and prismatic blueprints. Using these elements, utopian thought can provide transformative power, so that politics and policy making call meet contemporary global challenges to development and the environment.

  • 16.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Environmental management since world war II2006Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Functions of COP side-events in climate-change governance2010In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 10, no 2, 167-180 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Side-events are the most visible venue for civil society involvement in international climate negotiations. The many varied functions that side-events fulfil for participants and organizers are identified and analysed for their contributions generally as well as for their contribution to the negotiation process. The analysis is based on two surveys of over 2,000 side-event participants and organizers at COP-13 and COP-14. The surveyed side-events were found to fulfil the broader official objective of benefiting COP participants through providing a shared conceptual basis as well as building institutional capacity and legitimacy. All participant groups, particularly from Africa, G77, and less-developed countries, found these events useful for their work. As a venue for information dissemination, side-events provide an important opportunity for capacity building. Historically, new items were introduced at COP side-events before being discussed in the formal negotiations. Side-events also provide a process for creating a shared vision. By providing a forum that includes more organizations and actors in conjunction with the negotiations, side-events have the potential to increase the input legitimacy of the international policy process. A significant challenge will be the inclusion of a wider range of stakeholder groups and geographical, socioeconomic and epistemic communities, in order to avoid favouring the hegemony of NGOs and other organisations based in industrialized countries, as well as Annex 1 Parties.

  • 18.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Synergier mellan världshandels-och klimatpolitik: Exemplet ökad användning av biodrivmedel2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biodrivmedel är ett av de tydligaste exemplen på synergi mellan världshandeloch klimatpolitik. Inom de pågående WTO-förhandlingarna har Brasilien harföreslagit att etanol ska tas upp som en av de miljövaror för vilka tullargradvis ska avskaffas. Gradvis liberalisering av handel med biodrivmedel,som en jordbruks- eller industrivara, är i linje med WTO:s mål samtidigt somökad användning av biodrivmedel är en verkningsfull åtgärd för att minskautsläppen av växthusgaser från trafiken – klimatpolitikens sorgebarn. Föreuropeisk del är denna fråga av särskilt intresse, på grund av dengemensamma skyddstullen för import av etanol.Rapporten har kartlagt olika konsekvenser som en ökad sammanlänkningmellan internationella avtal om världshandel och klimatförändringar kan fåför svensk politik för att öka användningen av biodrivmedel.Uppfattningarna varierar bland forskare och beslutsfattare om vilka effekteren ökad grad av interaktion mellan de handels- och klimatpolitiska områdenskulle få. Även om det ännu inte uppstått någon formell konflikt mellanregelverken inom FN:s klimatkonvention och WTO finns det problem som kanhämma åtaganden och genomförande på sikt, t.ex. subventioner och tullargällande biobränslen. Avsaknaden av tvist ger en indikation på att ingetmedlemsland ännu ansett att de klimatpolitiska styrmedlen försvåratgränsöverskridande handel nämnvärt eller skapat nya handelshinder förutländska företagDe flesta bedömare är överens om att bestämmelserna i WTO:s olika avtaloch klimatkonventionen och Kyotoprotokollet kan vara kompatibla medvarandra. Det handlar om att utforma handlingsprogram och åtgärder på rättsätt.Under det senaste decenniet har WTO:s avtal kommit att täcka ett allt vidareområde och accelererat liberaliseringen av den gränsöverskridande handelnmed varor och tjänster. Klimatavtalen har fokuserat på att minska eller i vartfall minska ökningstakten för utsläppen av växthusgaser, i första steget frånde rika länderna. Avtalen pekar också ut en rad områden inom vilka staternaförväntas genomföra sådana åtgärder, t.ex. främja energieffektivisering ochuthålligt jordbruk samt ökad användning av nya och förnyelsebaraenergikällor.Några områden för vilka förhållandet mellan regelsystemen bedöms vara merproblematiska är: Frågan om produktionsprocesser och produktionsmetoder somexempelvis försvårar användandet av kriterier för val av klimatvänligaalternativ i offentlig upphandling, Exportsubventioner som aldrig är tillåtna, Obligatoriska standarder och certifieringssystem: statlig inblandningoch förtäckta handelshinder.3Det finns också en osäkerhet, eftersom inga formella tvister ännu har gälltnågra av de klimatpolitiska styrmedel som utvecklats och just tagits i drift,men tidigare tillämpningar i liknande fall anses ge ett ganska gott underlagför bedömning. Utifrån en sådan bedömning anses exempelvis den modellmed garanterat pris för elektricitet framställd av förnybara råvaror somanvänds i Tyskland och det system med gröna drivmedelscertifikat somhåller på att utvecklas i Storbritannien vara kompatibla med WTO:s regler.

    I framtiden väntas klimatregionen såväl skärpas inom utsläppsområdet somvidgas till att innefatta andra områden, såsom anpassning och koppling tillutvecklingsmål. Detta kommer sannolikt att öka risken för effekter påinternationell handel. Inom handelsregimen är det inte osannolikt attförhandlingarna inom jordbruksavtalet (och GATT) kommer att påbörja enliberalisering av handel med produkter för framställning av biobränslenoch/eller med de färdiga bränslena. Detta skapar ett tryck på att minskaeller avskaffa EU:s skyddstull för etanol. Det skapar också nya möjligheterför den svenska miljöteknikindustrin och för svenska lantbruksföretaggenom att snabbt kunna dra nytta av den förändrademarknadsförutsättningarna. Biodrivmedel är ett tydligt exempel på enpotentiell synergi mellan handel och klimat, eftersom handel i dagsläget ärmycket liten.Viktiga områden i den närmaste framtiden kan vara: Stöd för införande av miljöteknik (lika för alla företag mm) Subventioner till odling av biogrödor (påverkar detproduktionsvolymen?) Bristande harmonisering, dvs. länder inför olika typer av åtgärder ochpå skild sätt, vilket ökar risken för ojämlika konkurrensförhållanden.Rapporten diskuterar fyra sätt att främja användningen av biobränslen: skärpning av befintlig bränsle- och fordonsbeskattning gröna drivmedelscertifikat bilar som kan drivas med alternativa drivmedel som standard transportsektorn med i handel med utsläppsrätter.Samtliga system är eller kan göras kompatibla med WTO:s regelsystem (t.ex.genom att fler tillverkare tillhandahåller bilar som kan drivas medbiobränslen) och skulle därför gå att använda. De får dock olika effekter förmarkandens aktörer.

  • 19.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The arenas of environmental management,2006Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utopian thought as a missed opportunity and leverage point for systemic change2012In: Climate Change and the Crisis of Capitalism: A chance to reclaim self, society and nature / [ed] Mark Pelling, David Manuel-Navarrete and Michael Redclift, Kings College, London, UK, London: Routledge , 2012, 159-172 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are established economic, social and political practices capable of dealing with the combined crises of climate change and the global economic system? Will falling back on the wisdoms that contributed to the crisis help us to find ways forward or simply reconfigure risk in another guise? This volume argues that the combination of global environmental change and global economic restructuring require a re-thinking of the priorities, processes and underlying values that shape contemporary development aspirations and policy.

    This volume brings together leading scholars to address these questions from several disciplinary perspectives: environmental sociology, human geography, international development, systems thinking, political sciences, philosophy, economics and policy/management science. The book is divided into four sections that examine contemporary development discourses and practices. It bridges geographical and disciplinary divides and includes chapters on innovative governance that confront unsustainable economic and environmental relations in both developing and developed contexts. It emphasises the ways in which dominant development paths have necessarily forced a separation of individuals from nature, but also from society and even from ‘self’. These three levels of alienation each form a thread that runs through the book. There are different levels and opportunities for a transition towards resilience, raising questions surrounding identity, governance and ecological management. This places resilience at the heart of the contemporary crisis of capitalism, and speaks to the relationship between the increasingly global forms of economic development and the difficulties in framing solutions to the environmental problems that carbon-based development brings in its wake.. Existing social science can help in not only identifying the challenges but also potential pathways for making change locally and in wider political, economic and cultural systems, but it must do so by identifying transitions out of carbon dependency and the kind of political challenges they imply for reflexive individuals and alternative community approaches to human security and wellbeing

  • 21.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wråke, Markus
    IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    Zetterberg, Lars
    IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    The function of side events at the Conference of the Parties to The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society involvement has grown to become an integral part of the UN negotiatingprocess. The side events at the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are today the most visible componentof and the only formal avenue of civil society involvement in international climate negotiations. This study assesses the extent to which side events effectively: a) provide input to the negotiations and b) contribute to the construction of the climate regime. Through surveying organisers of and participants in side events as well as COP delegates, we have analysed i) who attends side events, ii) why they attend them, iii) why organisations arrange side events, and iv) the outcome of side events.

    We distributed a questionnaire to all organisers of side events at COP 13 and the participants in twenty of the 200 side events held in Bali in November 2007. In addition, we also surveyed a strategic sample of the 10,800 participants at COP 13, receiving a total of nearly 1,100 responses.

    This report concludes that the side events fulfil the broader official objective of benefitingCOP participants, as these events are rated of high value across all participant groups and geographical categories. Negotiators were by far the most important target audience of all categories of side events, followed by representatives of UN organisations and researchers. Organisers considered the G77 plus China to be the most important Party groupings to reachin all categories of side events.

    The average number of side event participants was 82. The attendance at mitigation side events was 42% higher than at adaptation events. However, more negotiators and governmentrepresentatives attended adaptation side events, whereas there was very little media andbusiness and even less NGO and researcher presence at adaptation compared with mitigationevents. If we up-scale the results of this survey, approximately 1,400 of the 3,500 Party participants attended side events.

    The study indicates high side event participation from countries with large economies,countries near the COP venue, and the host country. Three of eight side event participants were NGO representatives. About one quarter of the participantsconsisted of negotiators or government representatives. Each side event was attended by anaverage of seven negotiators, 14 government representatives, eight business representatives, seven UN/IGO representatives, and three media representatives. Business representatives.

  • 22.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Navarra, Carlo
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neset, Tina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Erik, Glaas
    Tomasz, Opach
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    VisAdapt—Increasing Nordic Houseowners' Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Navarra, Carlo
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schmid Neset, Tina
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Opach, Tomasz
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Björn-Ola, Linnér
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    VisAdapt-Increasing Nordic Houseowners' Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change2014In: 2014 IEEE Conference on Visual Analytics Science and Technology (VAST) / [ed] Min Chen, David Ebert, Chris North, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014, 255-256 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster presents the design and implementation of the web-based visual analytics tool VisAdapt which allows houseowners in the Nordic countries to assess potential climate related risk factors that may have an impact on their living conditions, and to get an overview of existing guidelines of how to adapt to climate change and extreme weather effects.

  • 24.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Schmid Neset, Tina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evaluating Climate Visualization: An Information Visualization Approach2010In: Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Conference on Information Visualization, IV10, IEEE Communications Society, 2010, 156-161 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To meet the growing demand of communicating climate science and policy research, the interdisciplinary field of climate visualization has increasingly extended its traditional use of 2D representations and techniques from the field of scientific visualization to include information visualization for the creation of highly interactive tools for both spatial and abstract data. This paper provides an initial discussion on the need and design of evaluations for climate visualization. We report on previous experiences and identify how evaluation methods commonly used in information visualization can be used in climate visualization to increase our understanding of visualization techniques and tools.

  • 25.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tomasz, Opach
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
    Navarra, Carlo
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rød, Jan Ketil
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    VisAdapt: A Visualization Tool to Support Climate Change Adaptation2017In: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, ISSN 0272-1716, E-ISSN 1558-1756, Vol. 37, no 2, 54-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Web-based visualization VisAdapt tool was developed to help laypeople in the Nordic countries assess how anticipated climate change will impact their homes. The tool guides users through a three-step visual process that helps them explore risks and identify adaptive actions specifically modified to their location and house type. This article walks through the tool's multistep, user-centered design process. Although VisAdapt's target end users are Nordic homeowners, the insights gained from the development process and the lessons learned from the project are applicable to a wide range of domains.

  • 26.
    Juhola, Sirkku
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neset, Tina Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Redefining maladaptation2016In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 55, no 1, 135-140 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As experiences of implementation of climate change adaptation are accumulating, there is a need toincrease the understanding of the potential negative consequences of adaptation actions that mightoccur, and the capacity of research to assess them. Maladaptation used in this context has remainedelusively defined and sparingly used, and therefore difficult to apply. Based on a literature review, wediscuss the conceptual boundaries of maladaptation and how it can be used to analyse negativeoutcomes of adaptation and propose a refined definition. We present a typology of maladaptation thatdistinguishes between three types of maladaptive outcomes – rebounding vulnerability, shiftingvulnerability and eroding sustainable development, and argue that maladaptation can be defined as a resultof an intentional adaptation policy or measure directly increasing vulnerability for the targeted and/orexternal actor(s), and/or eroding preconditions for sustainable development by indirectly increasing society’svulnerability. We note that the recognition of adaptation as an intentional action and the importance ofsetting clear spatial and temporal boundaries, as well as thresholds, are key to analysing negativeoutcomes.

  • 27.
    Juhola, Sirkku
    et al.
    Helsinki University, Finland.
    Goodsite, M.E.
    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Davis, M.
    Stockholm Environment Institute US Centre, USA.
    Klein, Richard J.T.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
    Davídsdóttir, B.
    University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Atlason, R.
    University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Landauer, Mia
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Neset, Tina Schmid
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Eskeland, Gunnar
    Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
    Gammelgaard Ballantyne, Anne
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Adaptation decision-making in the Nordic countries: assessing the potential for joint action2014In: Environment Systems and Decisions, ISSN 2194-5403, E-ISSN 2194-5411, Vol. 34, no 4, 600-611 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a global context, the outlook for the Nordic region is relatively favourable, given its relatively stronger resiliency to climate change impacts in comparison to many other geo-political regions of the world. Overall, the projected climatic changes include increases in mean temperatures and in precipitation, although regional variations can be significant. The countries’ robust institutions and economies give them a strong capacity to adapt to these changes. Still, the need for adaptation to the changing climate has been and still is substantial, and in most of the region, there has been progress on the issue. This paper explores the potential for Nordic cooperation on adaptation; specifically, for the development of a regional adaptation strategy. In particular, it addresses two questions (1) What is the current state of adaptation in the Nordic countries? and (2) What are the potential benefits and weaknesses of a Nordic strategy for adaptation? In order to answer these two questions, this paper examines reviews the current national adaptation policies of each Nordic country and discusses the challenges facing a Nordic strategy and finally assesses the potential for common Nordic adaptation policy and further cooperation.

  • 28.
    Karlsson, Christer
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Parker, Charles
    Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Legitimacy of Leadership in International Climate Change Negotiations2012In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 41, no S1, 46-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is an essential ingredient in reaching international agreements and overcoming the collective action problems associated with responding to climate change. In this study, we aim at answering two questions that are crucial for understanding the legitimacy of leadership in international climate change negotiations. Based on the responses of three consecutive surveys distributed at COPs 14–16, we seek first to chart which actors are actually recognized as leaders by climate change negotiation participants. Second, we aim to explain what motivates COP participants to support different actors as leaders. Both these questions are indeed crucial for understanding the role, importance, and legitimacy of leadership in the international climate change regime. Our results show that the leadership landscape in this issue area is fragmented, with no one clear-cut leader, and strongly suggest that it is imperative for any actor seeking recognition as climate change leader to be perceived as being devoted to promoting the common good.

  • 29.
    Karlsson, Christer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Parker, Charles
    Uppsala universitet; Sverige.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Looking for Leaders: Perceptions of Climate Change Leadership among Climate Change Negotiation Participants2011In: Global Environmental Politics, ISSN 1526-3800, E-ISSN 1536-0091, Vol. 11, no 1, 89-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is widespread consensus that effective leadership will be required in order to successfully address the climate change challenge. Presently there are a number of self-proclaimed climate change leaders, but leadership is a relationship between leaders and followers. An actor aspiring to be a leader needs to be recognized as such. Despite its fundamental importance for leadership relationships, the demand side of the leadership equation has been comparatively neglected by past research. In this study we are looking for leaders by analyzing the perceptions of climate change leadership among UNFCCC COP-14 participants. Our results show that the climate change leadership mantle will have to be worn by more than one actor. Among the leadership candidates the EU was most widely recognized as a leader, however, only a small minority reported that they saw the EU as the only leader. The data also show that the US and the G77 thus far have failed to impress potential followers and it was China that clearly emerged as the second strongest leadership candidate.

  • 30.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Challenging the food vs. fuel dilemma: genealogical analysis of the biofuel discourse pursued by international organizations2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Challenging the food vs. fuel dilemma: genealogical analysis of the biofuel discourse pursued by international organizations2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Challenging the food vs. fuel dilemma: Genealogical analysis of the biofuel discourse pursued by international organizations2012In: Food Policy, ISSN 0306-9192, E-ISSN 1873-5657, Vol. 37, no 5, 581-588 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks critically at how food and agriculture-, energy security-, and climate change-oriented international organizations have consolidated and modified the biofuel discourse in relation to the agricultural system. Using Foucault-based genealogical analysis of discursive formations, the paper traces the last 20 years of institutions’ biofuel debate in relation to rural production. We find that the prevalent motive is an aspiration to combine the agriculture and energy markets into one, which prompts structural changes and challenges in the rural sector. This has implications for the future role and shape of global agriculture and – contrary to the food vs. fuel perspective – calls for re-conceptualizing the biofuel debate as the food vs. food dilemma.

  • 33.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pros and Cons of International Biofuel Production: An overview of research and policy reports 20082008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This briefing from the Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research presents a summary of

    research and policy reports on positive and negative aspects of liquid biofuels. It covers three areas:  economic  and  energy  security,  rural  development  and  agricultural  production  and environmental challenges. It will also shortly depict the cases of Brazilian ethanol as a model of processing agricultural crops to liquid fuels for transport, and finally cover the future bioenergy production potential in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The purpose of this briefing is to provide an overview of present discussions and to present arguments from a variety of organisations  and  scholars.  As  a  service  to  a  reader,  the  briefing  contains  an  extensive reference list for further studies.

    The reports and research covered in this briefing are quite disparate. Nevertheless, ten significant conclusions can be observed:

    •  Biofuels cannot solely substitute oil in meeting the expected future energy demand in transportation.

    •  Development of next-generation biofuels can ease the food vs. fuel competition since they can be processed from other sources of biomass than the major food crops.

    •  Countries in tropical regions are more suited for biomass production. However,  we lack sufficient research on future stresses compounded due to climate change  and economic globalisation.

    •  International trade rules, particularly governing agricultural commodities, as well  as development of standards and certifications will play a significant role in  shaping global, as well as local conditions of future biofuel production. Thus, the outcomes of trade  agreement  and  policies  will  impinge  on  development  goals  and  livelihood security in developing countries.

    •  An  important  factor  for  developing  countries  will  be  whether  biofuels  will  be considered as an agricultural or non-agricultural good by WTO. If they are classified as agricultural commodities they can be eligible for special measures such as subsidies for environmental reasons. But this may also be used to uphold agricultural subsidies in industrialised countries.

    •  Liquid  biofuel  production  can  be  beneficial  for  developing  countries  in  tropical regions. Present research indicates that rural communities in SSA may benefit if they hold control over the local or regional production conditions.

    •  Taking into account present conditions, food security of several SSA countries could be under strain caused by increased biofuel production.

    •  Depending on production conditions, SSA countries can stand to gain in the future.

    However,  we  lack  comprehensive  research  on  the  conditions  for  a  sustainable development of biofuel production which will benefit development aspirations.

    •  Although economies of scale is one factor to consider, sustainable development  in SSA can benefit from small-scale production since this type of agriculture can put less stress on environment, in contrast to large-scale production projects.

    •  The production of liquid biofuels in SSA should be directed to meet other important needs in addition to transports (in contrast to the Brazilian example)  like  heating, cooking and electricity generation.

  • 34.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att lära för överlevnad: utbildningsprogrammen och miljöfrågorna 1962 - 20022005 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur påverkar återkommande budskap om miljöhot barn och ungdomar? Tappar de hoppet om framtiden och tilltron till vuxna, till politiken, vetenskapen och utbildningen? Många bedömare har uttryckt sin oro och hävdat att utbildningssektorn har förmedlat en alltför pessimistisk bild av miljöhoten och vetenskapens möjligheter att komma till rätta med problemen. Å andra sidan ger många opinionsbildare utbildningen en nyckelroll i att vända den negativa miljöutvecklingen, om den lyckas engagera de unga i miljöarbetet.Denna bok handlar om hur utbildningsprogrammen har förmedlat miljöfrågorna, vad de har pekat ut som samtida och framtida hotbilder och som möjligheter att lösa miljöproblemen Undersökningen sträcker sig över fyrtio år av skiftande hotbilder, lösningsmedel och samhällsvisioner vid sidan om nyhetsredaktionerna, de politiska kamrarna och miljöaktivisternas aktioner.Framtidsbilder och synen på miljöfrågorna i utbildningsprogrammen har förändrats tydligt under de senaste fyrtio åren. Generationer av elever har fått ta del av ett spektrum av miljöbudskap, från mörkaste framtidsoro till ljusaste förtröstan. Men som en röd tråd genom programutbudet går tendensen att lägga på barnen och ungdomarna ansvaret för att lösa de miljöproblem som de vuxna orsakat. Boken mynnar ut i en diskussion om hur utbildningsprogrammen kan ha påverkat barns, ungdomars och vuxnas miljöengagemang och framtidssyn."En intressant miljöhistorisk tillbakablick som ökar förståelsen för varför man agerat på olika sätt beträffande miljön genom åren." --  Ingela Frost i BTJ:s sambindningshäfte

  • 35.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Must implementation lead to fragmentation?: Giving substance to sustainable development by combining action-oriented, totalizing and reflexive research2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The whole United Nations process of linking environment and development calls for one common agenda, an action plan that can join the global North and South in concerted action. Achieving sustainable development involves the integration of diverse issues, such as formation and implementation of international environmental treaties; trade relations; social issues; debt relief; alleviation of poverty; and change of unsustainable patterns of production and consumption etc. This complex and paramount task can tempt the research community to be too narrowly focused on action-oriented research.

    Even though science for sustainable development is thought to avoid fragmentation, in order to implement all the different issues currently included under the heading of sustainable development, they run the risk of being de-linked from the conceptual integration of the three pillars - environment, social and economic - and addressed semi-independently. Many researchers as well as funding agencies predominantly attach themselves to various forms of "sustainability." A large flora of prefix/suffix sustainability characterizes sustainable development research. New offspring concepts to sustainable development have evolved, such as sustainable ecology, social sustainability, economic sustainability, sustainable growth, urban sustainability, sustainable forestry, sustainable urbanisation etc. This might be an indication of a fragmentation of sustainable development implementation, and could lead to similar consequences as the discredited sectorisation, even though it is contradictory to the integrated rationale behind sustainable development.

    Since the three pillars interact on a global scale, it might be contra-productive, conceptually and in praxis, to associate specific projects to prefix or suffix sustainability. If environmental protection and social and economic development are globally interlinked, theories of sustainable development ought to have a totalizing ambition, even if it at the same time has to acknowledge the need for differentiated views on global sustainable development goals and actions. The need for totalizing theoretical analytical framework has to be combined with a reflexive and differentiated view on global sustainable developments.

    Today, reflexivity is a key concept in knowledge production. Yet, it is often not reflected in the framing of research for sustainable development, perhaps due to that the devotion to implementation and action oriented research has overshadowed the need for reflexivity. The inherent conflicts in sustainable development politics gain little attention. In policy documents of research funding agencies in the global North it appears as a consensus concept, whereas in international policy making it is filled with conflicting interests and interpretations. In spite of the ambiguities of the concept, many seem to identify the concept in line with the so-called ecological modernisation with a strong emphasis achieving sustainable development by regulating the use of scare resources and environmental degradation through market mechanisms, recycling, and technological innovations.

    If sustainable development problems are regarded as a temporary or adjustable dysfunctions in the present social or economic order, the questions asked and the solutions sought are different compared to if you see them as fundamental predicaments caused by structural errors in society. A small share of science for sustainable development projects appears to be designed to study the cultural, conceptual and ideological foundations of the sustainable development approach to which so much money is invested, at least in Sweden. Since the framing of a problem is intimately linked to the information sought and the approaches to solve it, it is evident that a broader research agenda would allow various ways to pose the questions. As applied research oriented towards implementing the dominating political agenda, science for sustainable development run the risk of lacking research that posits alternative framings, identifies new problems and reflects on wider implications of sustainable development policy.

    There is indeed not one agenda, one vision of the society of sustainable development. The visions of the good life, the utopian thinking, in sustainable development policy remains contested. Since sustainable development entails questions of value, political priorities, and balancing the three pillars, we are faced with a multitude of sustainable development visions and political alternatives. For instance, organizations in the South, such as South Centre, is calling for the South to elaborate a platform of its own on sustainable development while others seek to invoke the idea of an New International Economic Order. The presumption that we now know what the problem is, that it is solely action that is needed, can be precarious. Whose sustainable development visions is science going to facilitate? Since sustainable development policies always will be contested, action still have to be sought and applied research needed, but its assumptions and implications constantly reflected upon.

    Since sustainable development is a politically defined project, it is crucial that reflexive research that explores alternatives, new questions, different interpretations of the environmental situations and its solutions shall be able to get funding. In the clash between opposing perspectives, in the negations of the discursive research, new hindsight might be made. At the least it will provide us with preparedness for alternative policies, if current implementation efforts continue to come up short.

  • 36.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Produktionen av ett nytt landskap2002In: Naturen som brytpunkt: om miljöfrågans mystifieringar, konflikter och motsägelser / [ed] Johan Hedrén, Stockholm: Symposion , 2002, 229-249 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

  • 37.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The landscape of environmental research funding after the reorganization of the Swedish research councils2003In: In An evaluation of The Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research by an international committee / [ed] MISTRA., STockholm: Mistra , 2003, 7:1-7:50 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Return of Malthus: Environmentalism and Postwar Population-Resource Crises.2003Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is a comprehensive analysis of the post-war fear of scarcity. It charts perceptions of and prescriptions for crises of population growth and resource shortage, which have had profound influence on agricultural, population and security policies from the Second World War to the present.

  • 39.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The world household: Georg Borgström and the postwar population-resource crisis1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with how the agenda of environmental issues was set in the early postwar years. Natural resources were placed high on the agenda of international politics, the scientific community and the media. At the crux was a concern that overpopulation placed so vast demands on the world's resources that it might jeopardize the new world order, maybe the entire civilization. The agenda of the postwar conservation debates was to a large extent formed by the transformation of western political economy and the geopolitical interests of the United States and its allies. This process induced a reorientation for traditional conservation. A new global view of humankind's relationship to nature emerged, which formed an ideological foundation for postwar environmental criticism.

    In this study the influential but controversial Swedish-American food scientist Georg Borgström is studied as conveyer of a new conservation ideology, that was formed in the early postwar years. With warnings of ecological disasters, he stirred up debates on population growth and dwindling natural resources. Borgström, who is generally regarded as one of the precursors of the Scandinavian environmental debate, became a renowned intermediary between American and European conservationism. By taking on a more active role communicating by media to politicians and the public, and by promoting a synthesizing and practically oriented interdisciplinary research, Borgström heralded a new type of scientist.

    Through the works of Borgström, political, scientific and conservationist debates on population growth and resource shortages are depicted from the end of World War II to 1972.

  • 40.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Administering Nature Conservation in Sweden during a Century: from Conwentz and back1999In: Naturnutzung und Naturschutz in der europäischen Rechts- und Verwaltungsgeschichte / [ed] Erk Volkmar Heyen, Baden-Baden: Nomos , 1999, 307-334 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Selin, Henrik
    The Quest for Global Sustainability: International Efforts on Linking Environment and Development2005Report (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Linnér, Björn Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Selin, Henrik
    International Relations, Boston University, USA.
    Where It All Began: Global Efforts on Sustainable Development from Stockholm to Rio2005In: Furthering Consensus: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development Beyond 2002, Sheffield, U: GreenLeaf Publishing , 2005, 58-73 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Authority through synergism: The roles of climate change linkages2006In: European Environment, ISSN 0961-0405, E-ISSN 1099-0976, Vol. 16, no 5, 278-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the conceptual basis of synergies between the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other international organizations and agreements. It discusses why synergies are made, what kinds there are and their potential consequences. Considering actors' divergent goals, synergies do not necessarily imply win-win outcomes. The article distinguishes between positive and negative synergetic effects, which should be explicated at different levels, such as the differing goals of various agreements, institutions, parties and social groups. Efforts of international organizations to increase synergy can be regarded as attempts to build authority. Yet, synergy is also used by countries to influence this process. Current synergetic efforts may profoundly affect the relocation of authority in global environmental governance, not only by streamlining mandates, practices and objectives, but also by leading to more powerful international organizations (e.g. WTO) increasingly taking precedence over climate change agreements. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

  • 44.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Huvuddragen i Sammanfattning för beslutsfattare avSyntesrapporten av IPCC: s fjärde utvärderingsrapport2007In: FN:s klimatpanel 2007 : syntesrapport : sammanfattning för beslutsfattare : fjärde utvärderingsrapporten från Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / [ed] Linnér, Björn-Ola, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket , 2007, -46 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    FN:s klimatpanels, IPCC, tredje delrapport i sin senaste utvärdering av klimatförändringen. Rapporten behandlar åtgärder för att begränsa klimatförändringarna Här presenteras en svensk översättning av sammanfattningen.

  • 45.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kyoto Protocol2012In: Encyclopedia of global studies / [ed] Helmut K. Anheier; Mark Juergensmeyer, Thousands Oaks and London: Sage Publications, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Encyclopedia of Global Studies is the reference work for the emerging field of global studies. It covers both transnational topics and intellectual approaches to the study of global themes, including: the globalization of economies and technologies; the diaspora of cultures and dispersion of peoples; the transnational aspects of social and political change; the global impact of environmental, technological and health changes; and the organizations and issues related to global civil society.

  • 46.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sammanfattning för beslutsfattare av Syntesrapporten av IPCC:s fjärde bedömningsrapport2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Så mycket syntes i betydelsen "ett åtagande att sätta samman delar för att forma en ny helhet" är inte rapporten. Det är mer ett väl avvägt urval och sammanställning av slutsatser från de tre föregående delrapporterna. Vissa synteser har dock gjorts. Exempelvis innehåller rapporten en sammanställning av en figur som sammanför scenarier för växthusgasutsläpp från 2000 till 2100 i avsaknad av klimatpolitik med projektioner för marktemperaturer utifrån SRES samt en om projicerade relativa förändringar i avrinning till mitten av detta århundrade. Den senare finns inte med i sammanfattningen för beslutsfattare, men återfinns i bakgrundsrapporten.

    Rapporten nämner inte specifikt problematiken med ojämlikheter i sårbarheten för klimatförändringar, t.ex. genusskillnader. Den nämner skillnader i kapacitet och rättvisa i mer allmänna ordalag. Det vetenskapliga underlaget visar dock att detta är viktiga aspekter.

    Sverige försökte, utan framgång, få in genusaspekter i sammanfattningen för beslutsfattare. Däremot bidrog man till skrivningar om bl.a. livsstilsfrågor, försurningen, biodiversitet, teknologispridning, kopplingen till FN:s milleniemål och syntetisering för beslutsfattarna av klimatmodelleringens resultat, t.ex. vad gäller utsatta områden för avrinning.

    IPCC har kritiserats för att inte lyfta fram dagsaktuella forskningsrapporter samt att man beslutar med konsensus. Till IPCC:s förtjänst kan man dock anföra att det är viktigt att ha ett forum där representanter för över 130 länder diskuterar forskningsresultat och vilka konsekvenser av forskningens slutsatser. Det har sannolikt betydelse för att höja beredskapen och skapa större samsyn. Med tanke på att länder med radikalt olika utgångspunkter i klimatpolitiken har kunnat enas om en minsta gemensamma nämnare, ger rapporten möjlighet att kunna bli ett kraftfullt redskap i de stundande förhandlingarna inom FN:s klimatkonvention och i nationellt beslutsfattande. Syntesrapportens sammanfattning för beslutsfattare har förutsättningar att vara ett effektivt sätt att nå ut med resultaten från flera år av välgranskad internationell forskning till beslutsfattare runt om i världen.

  • 47.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vattnet i fokus när klimatet blir varmare2007In: Ditt Vatten - Allas Vatten, Stockholm: Swedish Environmental Research Institute IVL , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jacob, Merle
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    From Stockholm to Kyoto and Beyond: A Review of the Globalisation of Global Warming Policy and North-South Relation2008In: The Globalisation of environmental crisis / [ed] Jan Oosthoek and Barry K. Gillis, London: Routledge , 2008, 1, 121-134 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

    Previously published as a special issue of Globalizations, this collection of essays addresses what is arguably the most pressing and urgent issue of our day - the continuing development of global environmental crises and the need for new and urgent responses to them by the world community.

    The contributors include social scientists, environmental historians, anthropologists, and science policy researchers, and together they give an overview of the history of the globalization of environmental crisis over the past several decades, both in terms of the science of measurement and the types of policy and public responses that have emerged to date. The specific issue areas addressed in the book cover a wide range of topics, including international environmental governance, North-South inequalities, climate change, global warming, tropical forests, air pollution, economic and paradigm shifts, sustainability, indigenous peoples and eco-conservation, EU environmental policy, the United States and politicized climate science, and more.

    The Globalization of Environmental Crisis will be of particular interest to all those concerned with the on-going debate over the state of the global environment and what to do about it.

  • 49.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jacob, Merle
    Lunds universitet, Sverige.
    From Stockholm to Kyoto and Beyond: A Review of the Globalisation of Global Warming Policy and North-South Relations2005In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 2, no 3, 403-415 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 50.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellén, Bo
    Stocholm environment institute.
    Rio, Kyoto, Bali, Köpenhamn: klimatarbete i stöpsleven2009In: Osäkrat klimat - laddad utmaning / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Formas , 2009, 1, 381-397 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 79
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