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  • 1.
    Chalangar, Seyed Ebrahim
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Halmstad Univ, Sweden.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Halmstad Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nanopatterned rGO/ZnO:Al seed layer for vertical growth of single ZnO nanorods2023In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 34, no 25, article id 255301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we demonstrate a novel low-cost template-assisted route to synthesize vertical ZnO nanorod arrays on Si (100). The nanorods were grown on a patterned double seed layer comprised of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and Al-doped ZnO nanoparticles. The seed layer was fabricated by spray-coating the substrate with graphene and then dip-coating it into a Al -doped ZnO sol-gel solution. The growth template was fabricated from a double-layer resist, spin-coated on top of the rGO/ZnO:Al seed layer, and patterned by colloidal lithography. The results show a successful chemical bath deposition of vertically aligned ZnO nanorods with controllable diameter and density in the nanoholes in the patterned resist mask. Our novel method can presumably be used to fabricate electronic devices on virtually any smooth substrate with a thermal budget of 1 min at 300 degrees C with the seed layer acting as a conductive strain-relieving back contact. The top contact can simply be made by depositing a suitable transparent conductive oxide or metal, depending on the specific application.

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  • 2.
    Dawi, E. A.
    et al.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Karar, A. A.
    Edith Cowan Univ, Australia.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Plasmon-Enhanced Light Absorption in (p-i-n) Junction GaAs Nanowire Solar Cells: An FDTD Simulation Method Study2021In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A finite-difference time-domain method is developed for studying the plasmon enhancement of light absorption from vertically aligned GaAs nanowire arrays decorated with Au nanoparticles. Vertically aligned GaAs nanowires with a length of 1 mu m, a diameter of 100 nm and a periodicity of 165-500 nm are functionalized with Au nanoparticles with a diameter between 30 and 60 nm decorated in the sidewall of the nanowires. The results show that the metal nanoparticles can improve the absorption efficiency through their plasmonic resonances, most significantly within the near-bandgap edge of GaAs. By optimizing the nanoparticle parameters, an absorption enhancement of almost 35% at 800 nm wavelength is achieved. The latter increases the chance of generating more electron-hole pairs, which leads to an increase in the overall efficiency of the solar cell. The proposed structure emerges as a promising material combination for high-efficiency solar cells.

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  • 3.
    Dawi, E. A.
    et al.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Padervand, M.
    Univ Maragheh, Iran.
    Ashames, A.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Hajiahmadi, S.
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Iran.
    Saleem, L.
    Univ Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Baghernejad, M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Germany.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ag/AgCl Decorated Ionic Liquid@Tantalum Pentoxide Nanostructures: Fabrication, Photocatalytic Activity, and Cytotoxicity Effects Against Human Brain Tumor Cells2023In: JOURNAL OF INORGANIC AND ORGANOMETALLIC POLYMERS AND MATERIALS, ISSN 1574-1443, Vol. 33, p. 2647-2660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental contaminants have become a major concern for human beings due to their adverse effects on drinking water quality. Heterogeneous photocatalysis has been extensively investigated as a potential strategy to minimize the consequences of as-related processes. Using a room-temperature ionic liquid-mediated co-precipitation method, Ag@AgCl nanoparticles were loaded onto tantalum pentoxide to make a plasmonic photocatalyst to remove Congo Red dye. The physicochemical properties of the photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction powder (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. The results indicate that 96% of the dye was degraded within 20 min with a rate constant of 0.14 min(-1). The key radicals involved in the photocatalysis, recognized as O-2(center dot-) species, were identified by electron spin resonance (ESR) in the presence of 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), as the spin trapping agent. Our findings and quenching experiments elucidates the mechanism of the charge carrier migration. The cytotoxicity activity of the nanostructures was also examined against human brain glioblastoma tumor cells for the first time. A precise analysis of the cell death pathway was conducted using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and caspase activity assays in combination with fluorescence microscopy images. The prepared nanomaterials were found to be promising candidates for treating the organic pollutants and biomedical waste effluents from academic and industrial activities.

  • 4.
    Dawi, E. A.
    et al.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Siahaan, T.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Netherlands.
    Anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles under 4 MeV Cu ions irradiation2022In: Materials Research Express, E-ISSN 2053-1591, Vol. 9, no 8, article id 086506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles was investigated under ion irradiation with 4 MeV Cu ions. In this study, 0.5 mu m-diameter colloidal silica particles, 0.5 mu m-diameter Au-silica core-shell particles, and 15 nm-diameter Au colloids embedding in a planar Si/SiO2 matrix were irradiated with 4 MeV Cu ions at room temperature and normal incidence. In colloidal silica particles, ion beam irradiation causes dramatic anisotropic deformation; silica expands perpendicular to the beam and contracts parallel, whereas Au cores elongate. Au colloids in a planar SiO2 matrix were anisotropically transformed from spherical colloids to elongated nanorods by irradiating them with 4 MeV Cu ions. The degree of anisotropy varied with ion flux. Upon irradiating the embedded Au colloids, dark-field light scattering experiments revealed a distinct color shift to yellow, which indicates a shift in surface plasmon resonance. A surface plasmon resonance measurement reveals the plasmon resonance bands are split along the arrays of Au colloids. Our measurements have revealed resonance shifts that extend into the near-infrared spectrum by as much as 50 nm.

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  • 5.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mustafa, Elfatih
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Photocatalytic properties for different metal-oxide nanomaterials2019In: Oxide-based Materials and Devices X, SPIE , 2019, article id 1091925Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We here demonstrate the synthesis of different nanostructures, including nanoparticles, nanorods, core-shell structures,and compound metal oxide nanostructures all synthesized by a low temperature chemical process. We furtherinvestigated their photocatalytic properties for degradation of toxic waste and their photochemical efficiency for watersplitting. All the photocatalytic properties as well as the photochemical properties were utilized using sun radiation. Theresults presented indicate huge potential for the investigated processes with positive impact to energy consumption andbenefits for the environment.

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  • 6.
    Hanan, Abdul
    et al.
    Harbin Engn Univ, Peoples R China.
    Solangi, Muhammad Yameen
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Jaleel Laghari, Abdul
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Shah, Aqeel Ahmed
    NED Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Aftab, Umair
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Ibupoto, Zahoor Ahmed
    PMAS Arid Agr Univ, Pakistan.
    Abro, Muhammad Ishaque
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Lakhan, Muhammad Nazim
    Harbin Engn Univ, Peoples R China.
    Soomro, Irfan Ali
    Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Peoples R China.
    Dawi, Elmuez A.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Vigolo, Brigitte
    Univ Lorraine, France.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Shah Abdul Latif Univ Khairpur Mirs, Pakistan.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    PdO@CoSe2 composites: efficient electrocatalysts for water oxidation in alkaline media2022In: RSC Advances, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 743-755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have prepared cobalt selenide (CoSe2) due to its useful aspects from a catalysis point of view such as abundant active sites from Se edges, and significant stability in alkaline conditions. CoSe2, however, has yet to prove its functionality, so we doped palladium oxide (PdO) onto CoSe2 nanostructures using ultraviolet (UV) light, resulting in an efficient and stable water oxidation composite. The crystal arrays, morphology, and chemical composition of the surface were studied using a variety of characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. It was also demonstrated that the composite systems were heterogeneous in their morphology, undergoing a shift in their diffraction patterns, suffering from a variety of metal oxidation states and surface defects. The water oxidation was verified by a low overpotential of 260 mV at a current density of 20 mA cm(-2) with a Tafel Slope value of 57 mV dec(-1). The presence of multi metal oxidation states, rich surface edges of Se and favorable charge transport played a leading role towards water oxidation with a low energy demand. Furthermore, 48 h of durability is associated with the composite system. With the use of PdO and CoSe2, new, low efficiency, simple electrocatalysts for water catalysis have been developed, enabling the development of practical energy conversion and storage systems. This is an excellent alternative approach for fostering growth in the field.

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  • 7.
    Mahar, Ihsan Ali
    et al.
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Shah Abdul Latif Univ, Pakistan.
    Parveen, Mehnaz
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Hulio, Ahmed Ali
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Ibupoto, Zahoor Ahmed
    PMAS Arid Agr Univ, Pakistan.
    Bhatti, Muhammad Ali
    Univ Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan.
    Dawi, Elmuez
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Nafady, Ayman
    King Saud Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Alshammari, Riyadh H.
    King Saud Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Vigolo, Brigitte
    Univ Lorraine, France.
    Qi, Kezhen
    Dali Univ, Peoples R China.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Saleem, Lama
    Univ Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Ashames, Akram
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Glucose sensing via green synthesis of NiO-SiO<sub>2</sub> composites with citrus lemon peel extract2024In: Journal of materials science. Materials in electronics, ISSN 0957-4522, E-ISSN 1573-482X, Vol. 35, no 7, article id 490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, NiO-SiO2-based composites were synthesized through low-temperature aqueous chemical growth utilizing a facile, low-cost, and environmentally friendly approach. The composite systems were prepared using a combination of silica gel and citrus lemon peel extract. Due to the remarkable green chemicals in orange peel extract, porous nanostructures have been developed with thin sheet-like properties. The composite materials were examined in terms of their crystalline structure, morphology, optical band gap, and surface chemical composition. An advanced non-enzymatic glucose sensor developed from NiO-SiO2 composites exhibits rich surface oxygen vacancies and abundant catalytic sites. Based on sample 2, cyclic voltammetry revealed a linear glucose concentration range between 0.1 and 20 mM, chronoamperometry exhibited glucose concentration ranges between 0.1 and 14 mM, and linear sweep voltammetry revealed glucose concentration ranges from 0.1 to 10 mM. In enzymatic glucose sensors, the minimum level of detection was estimated to be 0.08 mM. A number of sensor characterization parameters were examined, including selectivity, stability, reproducibility, and real-time applications. In addition, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) has shown that the NiO-SiO2 composite performs well in non-enzymatic glucose sensing due to its low charge transfer resistance and high electrochemical active surface area (ECSA). NiO-SiO2 composites could have significant biomedical, energy conversion, and storage applications based on the results obtained.

  • 8.
    Mangrio, Sanjha
    et al.
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Shah Abdul Latif Univ, Pakistan.
    Chang, Abdul Sattar
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Mahar, Ihsan Ali
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Markhand, Mehnaz
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Shah, Aqeel Ahmed
    NED Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Medany, Shymaa S.
    Cairo Univ, Egypt.
    Nafady, Ayman
    King Saud Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Dawi, Elmuez A. A.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Saleem, Lama M. A.
    Univ Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Vigolo, Brigitte
    Univ Lorraine, France.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Advanced Urea Precursors Driven NiCo2O4 Nanostructures Based Non-Enzymatic Urea Sensor for Milk and Urine Real Sample Applications2023In: Biosensors, ISSN 2079-6374, Vol. 13, no 4, article id 444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electrochemical performance of NiCo2O4 with urea precursors was evaluated in order to develop a non-enzymatic urea sensor. In this study, NiCo2O4 nanostructures were synthesized hydrothermally at different concentrations of urea and characterized using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Nanostructures of NiCo2O4 exhibit a nanorod-like morphology and a cubic phase crystal structure. Urea can be detected with high sensitivity through NiCo2O4 nanostructures driven by urea precursors under alkaline conditions. A low limit of detection of 0.05 and an analytical range of 0.1 mM to 10 mM urea are provided. The concentration of 006 mM was determined by cyclic voltammetry. Chronoamperometry was used to determine the linear range in the range of 0.1 mM to 8 mM. Several analytical parameters were assessed, including selectivity, stability, and repeatability. NiCo2O4 nanostructures can also be used to detect urea in various biological samples in a practical manner.

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  • 9. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Composite Nanostructured Materials for Renewable Energy Applications2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diverse sources of energy are becoming increasingly significant in today's world. The most common source of energy today is fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gas. While this energy source has many advantages, it also comes with many problems. In order to meet this demand, environmentally friendly and sustainable alternatives to energy are urgently needed. Renewable energy such as hydro, wind, photovoltaics, biomass, and geothermal is an attractive and promising kind of energy. Solar energy is among the most efficient, cleanest, and cheapest sources of energy. In this thesis, two photo-processes are utilized to produce solar energy using nanostructured materials. One is photocatalysis, mainly photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting for hydrogen production and photodegradation of organic dyes, and another is a sunlight-powered photovoltaic cell.  

    In this thesis, we aim to demonstrate optimized low-cost sustainable electrodes based on nanostructured materials for solar energy applications. For PEC water splitting two materials namely ZnO NRs and CuO NLs are fabricated by hydrothermal methods followed by deposition of different materials such as Ag2WO4 and AgBr. These materials show relatively high PEC water splitting efficiency using sunlight. Similarly, for the photodegradation of organic dyes Ta2O5 is used with the addition of Ag/AgCl nanoparticles (Ag/AgCl NPs), which results in an effective plasmonic photocatalyst for the removal of water-soluble Congo red (CR) dye compounds. For high-efficiency solar cells two methods are applied. Firstly, a FDTD simulation method was applied to study the plasmon enhancement of light absorption from p-i-n junction GaAs nanowires. Secondly a study of anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles exposed to heavy ions irradiation. Finally, a novel low-cost template-assisted method was used in order to improve the alignment of ZnO NRs grown on Si substrates. 

    List of papers
    1. Solar-Driven Photoelectrochemical Performance of Novel ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr Nanorods-Based Photoelectrodes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solar-Driven Photoelectrochemical Performance of Novel ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr Nanorods-Based Photoelectrodes
    Show others...
    2021 (English)In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Highly efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation under solar visible light is crucial for water splitting to produce hydrogen as a source of sustainable energy. Particularly, silver-based nanomaterials are important for PEC performance due to their surface plasmon resonance which can enhance the photoelectrochemical efficiency. However, the PEC of ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr with enhanced visible-light water oxidation has not been studied so far. Herein, we present a novel photoelectrodes based on ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr nanorods (NRs) for PEC application, which is prepared by the low-temperature chemical growth method and then by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. The synthesized photoelectrodes were investigated by several characterization techniques, emphasizing a successful synthesis of the ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr heterostructure NRs with excellent photocatalysis performance compared to pure ZnO NRs photoelectrode. The significantly enhanced PEC was due to improved photogeneration and transportation of electrons in the heterojunction due to the synergistic effect of the heterostructure. This study is significant for basic understanding of the photocatalytic mechanism of the heterojunction which can prompt further development of novel efficient photoelectrochemical-catalytic materials.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2021
    Keywords
    ZnO nanorods; Silver tungsten; Silver bromide; Heterojunction; Photoelectrodes; Water oxidation
    National Category
    Other Physics Topics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-178741 (URN)10.1186/s11671-021-03586-z (DOI)000687150800001 ()34417906 (PubMedID)
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Linkoping University, Sweden

    Available from: 2021-08-30 Created: 2021-08-30 Last updated: 2024-01-08
    2. Plasmon-Enhanced Light Absorption in (p-i-n) Junction GaAs Nanowire Solar Cells: An FDTD Simulation Method Study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plasmon-Enhanced Light Absorption in (p-i-n) Junction GaAs Nanowire Solar Cells: An FDTD Simulation Method Study
    2021 (English)In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    A finite-difference time-domain method is developed for studying the plasmon enhancement of light absorption from vertically aligned GaAs nanowire arrays decorated with Au nanoparticles. Vertically aligned GaAs nanowires with a length of 1 mu m, a diameter of 100 nm and a periodicity of 165-500 nm are functionalized with Au nanoparticles with a diameter between 30 and 60 nm decorated in the sidewall of the nanowires. The results show that the metal nanoparticles can improve the absorption efficiency through their plasmonic resonances, most significantly within the near-bandgap edge of GaAs. By optimizing the nanoparticle parameters, an absorption enhancement of almost 35% at 800 nm wavelength is achieved. The latter increases the chance of generating more electron-hole pairs, which leads to an increase in the overall efficiency of the solar cell. The proposed structure emerges as a promising material combination for high-efficiency solar cells.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2021
    Keywords
    GaAs nanowire; Au nanoparticles; Surface plasmon; Optical simulation; Field enhancement; Solar cells; Photoconversion
    National Category
    Condensed Matter Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-179863 (URN)10.1186/s11671-021-03603-1 (DOI)000698382600004 ()34542730 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2021-10-06 Created: 2021-10-06 Last updated: 2024-01-08
    3. Anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles under 4 MeV Cu ions irradiation
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles under 4 MeV Cu ions irradiation
    2022 (English)In: Materials Research Express, E-ISSN 2053-1591, Vol. 9, no 8, article id 086506Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Anisotropic deformation of colloidal particles was investigated under ion irradiation with 4 MeV Cu ions. In this study, 0.5 mu m-diameter colloidal silica particles, 0.5 mu m-diameter Au-silica core-shell particles, and 15 nm-diameter Au colloids embedding in a planar Si/SiO2 matrix were irradiated with 4 MeV Cu ions at room temperature and normal incidence. In colloidal silica particles, ion beam irradiation causes dramatic anisotropic deformation; silica expands perpendicular to the beam and contracts parallel, whereas Au cores elongate. Au colloids in a planar SiO2 matrix were anisotropically transformed from spherical colloids to elongated nanorods by irradiating them with 4 MeV Cu ions. The degree of anisotropy varied with ion flux. Upon irradiating the embedded Au colloids, dark-field light scattering experiments revealed a distinct color shift to yellow, which indicates a shift in surface plasmon resonance. A surface plasmon resonance measurement reveals the plasmon resonance bands are split along the arrays of Au colloids. Our measurements have revealed resonance shifts that extend into the near-infrared spectrum by as much as 50 nm.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    IOP Publishing Ltd, 2022
    Keywords
    silica dispersion; stober method; silica- au core-shell; au colloids; anisotropic deformation; localized surface plasmons
    National Category
    Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187882 (URN)10.1088/2053-1591/ac87ef (DOI)000842247300001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Ajman University Internal Research Grant, UAE [2021-IRG-HBS-14]

    Available from: 2022-08-31 Created: 2022-08-31 Last updated: 2024-01-08
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  • 10.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dawi, E. A.
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Ibupoto, Z. H.
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Ibrahim, A. M. M.
    Jazan Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Elsukova, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tahira, A.
    Shah Abdul Latif Univ Khairpur Mirs, Pakistan.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania Elhadi
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Efficient CuO/Ag2WO4 photoelectrodes for photoelectrochemical water splitting using solar visible radiation2023In: RSC Advances, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 13, no 17, p. 11297-11310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Water splitting energy production relies heavily on the development of high-performance photoelectrochemical cells (PECs). Among the most highly regarded semiconductor materials, cupric oxide (CuO) is an excellent photocathode material. Pristine CuO does not perform well as a photocathode due to its tendency to recombine electrons and holes rapidly. Photocathodes with high efficiency can be produced by developing CuO-based composite systems. The aim of our research is to develop an Ag2WO4/CuO composite by incorporating silver tungstate (Ag2WO4) nanoparticles onto hydrothermally grown CuO nanoleaves (NLs) by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR). To prepare CuO/Ag2WO4 composites, SILAR was used in conjunction with different Ag2WO4 nanoparticle deposition cycles. Physicochemical characterization reveals well-defined nanoleaves morphologies with tailored surface compositions. Composite CuO/Ag2WO4 crystal structures are governed by the monoclinic phase of CuO and the hexagonal phase of Ag2WO4. It has been demonstrated that the CuO/Ag2WO4 composite has outstanding performance in the PEC water splitting process when used with five cycles. In the CuO/Ag2WO4 photocathode, water splitting activity is observed at low overpotential and high photocurrent density, indicating that the reaction takes place at low energy barriers. Several factors contribute to PEC performance in composites. These factors include the high density of surface active sites, the high charge separation rate, the presence of favourable surface defects, and the synergy of CuO and Ag2WO4 photoreaction. By using SILAR, silver tungstate can be deposited onto semiconducting materials with strong visible absorption, enabling the development of energy-efficient photocathodes.

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  • 11.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania Elhadi
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rouf, Polla
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Solar-Driven Photoelectrochemical Performance of Novel ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr Nanorods-Based Photoelectrodes2021In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation under solar visible light is crucial for water splitting to produce hydrogen as a source of sustainable energy. Particularly, silver-based nanomaterials are important for PEC performance due to their surface plasmon resonance which can enhance the photoelectrochemical efficiency. However, the PEC of ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr with enhanced visible-light water oxidation has not been studied so far. Herein, we present a novel photoelectrodes based on ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr nanorods (NRs) for PEC application, which is prepared by the low-temperature chemical growth method and then by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. The synthesized photoelectrodes were investigated by several characterization techniques, emphasizing a successful synthesis of the ZnO/Ag2WO4/AgBr heterostructure NRs with excellent photocatalysis performance compared to pure ZnO NRs photoelectrode. The significantly enhanced PEC was due to improved photogeneration and transportation of electrons in the heterojunction due to the synergistic effect of the heterostructure. This study is significant for basic understanding of the photocatalytic mechanism of the heterojunction which can prompt further development of novel efficient photoelectrochemical-catalytic materials.

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  • 12.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania Elhadi
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Correction: Efficient Ni-Fe layered double hydroxides/ ZnO nanostructures for photochemical water splitting (vol 273, pg 186, 2019)2021In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, E-ISSN 1095-726X, Vol. 293, article id 121764Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

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  • 13.
    Mustafa, Elfatih
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Adam, Rania Elhadi
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh, 76080, Jamshoro, Pakistan.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Efficient Ni–Fe layered double hydroxides/ZnO nanostructures for photochemical water splitting2019In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, E-ISSN 1095-726X, Vol. 273, p. 186-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures are widely investigated for photocatalytic applications but the functional properties are limited by the fast carrier recombination rate, which is an intrinsic property of ZnO. To optimize the recombination rate of ZnO, a study is carried out in which it is covered with Ni-Fe layered double hydroxides and synergistic effects are created which boosted the photocatalytic activity of ZnO. The nanostructured materials are synthesized by the low temperature aqueous chemical growth and electrodeposition methods. These nanostructures are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. SEM study has revealed a Ni–Fe LDH coated ZnO NRs. The powder XRD has showed a cubic phase of the Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide on the ZnO NRs having an excellent crystalline quality. The optical characterization has shown low scattering of light for the Ni–Fe LDH coated ZnO NRs sample. The sample prepared with deposition time of 25 s showed excellent photochemical water splitting properties compared to counter photo-anodes in alkaline media. The photo response was highly stable and fast. The incident photon to current conversion efficiency for the photo-anode of Ni–Fe(LDHs)/ZnO over 25 s was 82% at a maximum absorption of 380 nm compared to the pristine ZnO NRs which has 70% at the same wavelength. This study is providing a simple, cost effective, earth abundant and environment friendly methodology for the fabrication of photo-anodes for diverse applications specifically water oxidation and solar radiation driven water splitting.

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  • 14.
    Ngok, Sreymean
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Razmi, Nasrin
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chey, Chan Oeurn
    Royal Univ Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chemical, synthesis, characterization and electrochemical properties of α-Fe2O3/ZnO composite nano-heterojunction for sensing application2024In: NANO SELECT, ISSN 2688-4011, article id e2300155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Low temperature hydrothermal methods have been utilized to synthesize Hematite/Zinc oxide alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO composite nano-heterojunction nanorods grown on FTO glass substrates while monitoring the effect of different concentrations of urea on the morphology of the composite nano-heterojunction. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were used for the structural characterization of the alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO different samples. UV-visible spectroscopy was used for the characteristic absorbance versus wavelength of alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO composite nano-heterojunction which shows an absorption edge from 400 to 560 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique was applied to study of chemical composition of the alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO and the obtained information demonstrated a pure phase alpha-Fe2O3/ZnO has been achieved. The best efficiency among urea concentrations for the best composite nano-heterojunction sample was achieved when using 0.2 M of urea. The electrochemical properties of the composite nano-heterojunction were investigated using a three-electrode electrochemical cell. Estimation of the electrochemical area shows that both the composite nano-heterojunction and the bare alpha-Fe2O3 have similar values. This confirms that the enhanced electrochemical property of the composite nano-heterojunction is due to a synergetic effect as expected.

  • 15.
    Solangi, Muhammad Yameen
    et al.
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Aftab, Umair
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Shah Abdul Latif Univ Khairpur Mirs, Pakistan.
    Hanan, Abdul
    Harbin Engn Univ, Peoples R China.
    Montecchi, Monica
    Univ Modena & Reggio Emilia, Italy.
    Pasquali, Luca
    Univ Modena & Reggio Emilia, Italy; IOM CNR Inst, Italy; Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Tonezzer, Matteo
    Univ Cagliari, Italy.
    Mazzaro, Raffaello
    CNR, Italy.
    Morandi, Vittorio
    CNR, Italy.
    Laghari, Abdul Jaleel
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Nafady, Ayman
    King Saud Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Abro, Muhammad Ishaq
    Mehran Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Emo, Melanie
    Univ Lorraine, France.
    Vigolo, Brigitte
    Univ Lorraine, France.
    Dawi, Elmuez
    Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    In-situ growth of nonstoichiometric CrO<sub>0.87</sub> and Co<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub> hybrid system for the enhanced electrocatalytic water splitting in alkaline media2023In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 48, no 93, p. 36439-36451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of electrocatalysts for electrochemical water splitting has received considerable attention in response to the growing demand for renewable energy sources and environmental concerns. In this study, a simple hydrothermal growth approach was developed for the in-situ growth of non-stoichiometric CrO0.87 and Co3O4 hybrid materials. It is apparent that the morphology of the prepared material shows a heterogeneous aggregate of irregularly shaped nanoparticles. Both CrO0.87 and Co3O4 have cubic crystal structures. Its chemical composition was governed by the presence of Co, Cr, and O as its main constituents. For understanding the role CrO0.87 plays in the half-cell oxygen evolu-tion reaction (OER) in alkaline conditions, CrO0.87 was optimized into Co3O4 nanostructures. The hybrid material with the highest concentration of CrO0.87 was found to be highly efficient at driving OER reactions at 255 mV and 20 mA cm(-2). The optimized material demonstrated excellent durability for 45 h and a Tafel slope of 56 mV dec(-1). Several factors may explain the outstanding performance of CrO0.87 and Co3O4 hybrid materials, including multiple metallic oxidation states, tailored surface properties, fast charge transport, and surface defects. An alternative method is proposed for the preparation of new generations of electrocatalysts for the conversion and storage of energy. (c) 2023 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 16.
    Yann, Rem
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Royal Univ Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Ngok, Sreymean
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Royal Univ Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Mustafa, Elfatih Mohammed
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chey, Chan Oeurn
    Royal Univ Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Growth of Ag2S-sensitizer on MoS2/ZnO nanocable arrays for improved solar driven photoelectrochemical water splitting2024In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 147, article id 107379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demonstration of an efficient nanostructure that provides acceptable photoelectrochemical water splitting properties using the sun visible radiation is an appealing issue. In this connection, a new ternary nanocomposite of Ag2S/MoS2/ZnO photoanode is subsequently fabricated via hydrothermal, solvothermal and SILAR methods. Different properties of the nanocomposite are characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, XPS, UV-Vis-IR spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The post-grown annealed 8-Ag2S/MoS2/ZnO photoanode exhibits a good performance with a photocurrent density of 2 mA/cm2 at a bias potential 1.23 V vs. RHE. The photocurrent of the post-grown annealed 8-Ag2S/MoS2/ZnO photoanode is 71.42 times, 40 times and 2 times higher compares to the pure ZnO, post-grown annealed MoS2/ZnO, and post-grown annealed 8-Ag2S/ZnO photoanodes, respectively. The enhanced PEC performance may originate from the combination of different effects such as the expansion of light absorption and energy band alignment (type II heterostructures), [SO4] acted as a charge -transfer medium, and electrode-electrolyte interface kinetic reactions.

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