liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 8 of 8
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Fuglsang, Katrine
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Haldorsen, Ingfrid S.
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    Åvall-Lundqvist, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Roed, Henrik
    Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Woie, Kathrine
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    Pakarinen, Paivi
    Univ Helsinki, Finland.
    Thoroddsen, Asgeir
    Reykjavik Univ Hosp, Iceland.
    Anttila, Maarit
    Kuopio Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Blaakaer, Jan
    Odense Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Cervical cancer staging, pretreatment planning, and surgical treatment in the Nordic countriesSurvey from the Surgical Subcommittee of the Nordic Society of Gynecological Oncology2018Inngår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 97, nr 10, s. 1178-1184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionWomen with cervical cancer in the Nordic countries are increasingly undergoing pretreatment imaging by ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) or computed tomography, or sentinel lymph node procedure. The present survey reports the influence of pretreatment imaging findings on the recorded clinical International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage in Nordic countries and its impact on treatment planning and preferred surgical approach in cervical cancer. Material and methodsThe Nordic Society of Gynecological Oncology Surgical Subcommittee developed a questionnaire-based survey that was conducted from 1 January to 31 March 2017. All the 22 Nordic Gynecological Oncology Centers (Denmark 5, Finland 5, Iceland 1, Norway 4, and Sweden 7) were invited to participate. ResultsThe questionnaires were returned by 19 of 22 (86.3%) centers. The median number (range) of women with cervical cancer treated at each center annually was 32 (15-120). In 58% (11/19) of the centers, imaging findings were reported to influence the clinical staging. MRI in combination with PET-CT was the preferred imaging method and the results influenced treatment planning. Robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy was the preferred surgical method in 72% (13/18) of the centers. Sentinel lymph node procedure was not routinely implemented in the majority of the Nordic centers. ConclusionMore than half of the Nordic Gynecological Oncology Centers already report a clinical FIGO stage influenced by pretreatment imaging findings. The trend in preferred treatment is robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy and the sentinel lymph node procedure is gradually being introduced.

  • 2. Bestill onlineKjøp publikasjonen >>
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    The effects of flaxseed and tamoxifen on the inflammatory microenvironment in normal breast tissue and in breast cancer2019Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide today. Nearly 9000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in Sweden yearly and despite advantages in diagnostics and treatments approximately 1400 women still die from their disease every year. Breast cancer has a diverse etiology and hormonal factors and life-style factors contribute to an increased breast cancer risk. High mammographic density is also considered a risk factor but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Inflammation is associated with poor survival in several malignancies and is considered a hallmark of cancer. There is evidence indicating that increased inflammation is associated with dense breast tissue and may contribute to an increased risk of breast cancer in these patients.

    There is an urgent need to find risk reduction strategies in breast cancer prevention. Several studies have shown that antiestrogens significantly reduce breast cancer incidence in women with high risk of developing breast cancer and can be used for chemoprevention. These drugs may have potentially severe side effects and other strategies are needed. Dietary interventions may influence breast cancer risk without any major side effects. Studies indicate that dietary phytoestrogens may reduce breast cancer risk. The most common phytoestrogens in Western populations are lignans, mainly found in flaxseed, but results from several studies with lignans for breast cancer prevention have been inconsistent.

    In this thesis we investigated the effects of tamoxifen and flaxseed on inflammatory mediators in normal breast tissue and in breast cancer. We used the microdialysis technique to sample proteins from the extracellular space in vivo. This technique gives us the opportunity to study proteins in their bioactive compartment in situ and to study changes in protein levels at different time points without affecting the tissue of interest. We also used experimental models and cell cultures to study tumor growth of human breast cancer xenografts, cancer cell proliferation and angiogenesis.

    In paper I, we investigated whether tamoxifen, flaxseed, enterolactone or genestein reduced growth of human breast cancer xenografts and their association with pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and its antagonist interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). In paper II, we investigated whether tamoxifen and flaxseed exerted similar effects on inflammatory mediators in normal breast tissue in vivo. In paper III, we investigated whether osteopontin (OPN), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, was associated with dense breast tissue and breast cancer and if tamoxifen and flaxseed could alter OPN levels in normal breast tissue in vivo. We also investigated the correlation between OPN and inflammatory mediators in normal breast tissue and in breast cancer in vivo.

    In conclusion, we showed that tamoxifen and flaxseed affected breast cancer growth in an experimental model and may exert an anti-inflammatory effect in breast cancer and normal breast tissue by increasing the IL-1Ra/IL-1β ratio in vivo. We showed that dense breast tissue and breast cancer were associated with increased levels of OPN. Circulating estrogen did not correlate to OPN and tamoxifen and flaxseed did not affect OPN levels suggesting an estrogen independent regulation of OPN in vivo. These finding contributes to our understanding of how tamoxifen and flaxseed affects inflammation and the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of breast cancer.

    Delarbeid
    1. Tamoxifen, Flaxseed, and the Lignan Enterolactone Increase Stroma- and Cancer Cell-Derived IL-1Ra and Decrease Tumor Angiogenesis in Estrogen-Dependent Breast Cancer
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Tamoxifen, Flaxseed, and the Lignan Enterolactone Increase Stroma- and Cancer Cell-Derived IL-1Ra and Decrease Tumor Angiogenesis in Estrogen-Dependent Breast Cancer
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: CANCER RESEARCH, ISSN 0008-5472, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 51-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta promote tumor angiogenesis that might be counteracted by the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), anakinra, a clinically approved agent. A diet with high amounts of phytoestrogens, such as flaxseed (Flax), genistein (GEN), and the mammalian lignan enterolactone (ENL), may affect breast cancer progression in a similar fashion as the antiestrogen tamoxifen. Both cancer cells and tumor stroma may be targets for cancer therapy. By using microdialysis in a model of human breast cancers in nude mice, we could perform species-specific analyses of released proteins in the microenvironment. We show that tumors treated with tamoxifen and fed Flax or ENL exhibited decreased in vivo release of IL-1 beta derived from the murine stroma and decreased microvessel density whereas dietary GEN had no effects. Cancer cell-released IL-1Ra were approximately 5 times higher than stroma-derived IL-1Ra. Tamoxifen, Flax, and ENL increased IL-1Ra levels significantly whereas GEN did not. The tumor stroma contained macrophages, which expressed the estrogen receptor. In vitro, estradiol decreased IL-1Ra released from breast cancer cells and from cultured macrophages. IL-1Ra decreased endothelial cell proliferation significantly in vitro whereas breast cancer cell proliferation was unaffected in presence of estradiol. Finally, IL-1Ra therapy of tumor-bearing mice opposed estrogen-dependent breast cancer growth and decreased angiogenesis. We conclude that the release of IL-1s both by cancer cells and the stroma, where macrophages are a key component, may offer feasible targets for antiestrogen therapy and dietary interventions against breast cancer.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    American Association for Cancer Research, 2011
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65567 (URN)10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-2289 (DOI)000285826800007 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-02-11 Laget: 2011-02-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-01
    2. Dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen affect the inflammatory microenvironment in vivo in normal human breast tissue of postmenopausal women
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen affect the inflammatory microenvironment in vivo in normal human breast tissue of postmenopausal women
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 73, nr 9, s. 1250-1259Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background Anti-oestrogens such as tamoxifen, decrease the risk of breast cancer but are unsuitable for prevention because of their side-effects. Diet modifications may be a breast cancer prevention strategy. Here, we investigated if a diet addition of flaxseed, which can be converted to the phytoestrogen enterolactone by the gut microbiota, exhibited similar effects as tamoxifen on normal human breast tissue in vivo, with special emphasis on inflammatory mediators implicated in cancer progression. Subjects A total of 28 postmenopausal women were included. Thirteen women added 25 g of ground flaxseed per day and 15 were treated with tamoxifen as an adjuvant for early breast cancer for 6 weeks. Microdialysis of normal breast tissue and, as a control, in subcutaneous abdominal fat was performed for sampling of extracellular proteins in vivo before and after exposures. Results Enterolactone levels increased significantly after flaxseed. IL-1Ra and IL-1Ra/IL-1 beta ratio in the breast increased in a similar fashion after the two different treatments. Flaxseed also increased breast specific levels of IL-1RT2, IL-18 and sST2 and an overall increase of MMP-9. These changes correlated significantly with enterolactone levels. Tamoxifen decreased breast tissue levels of IL-8 and IL-18. None of the treatments induced any changes of IL-1 beta, IL-1RT1, IL-18BP, IL-33, IL-6, IL-6RA, MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3. Conclusions We conclude that dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen exert both similar and different effects, as listed above, on normal breast tissue in vivo and that a relatively modest diet change can induce significant effects on the breast microenvironment.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2019
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160614 (URN)10.1038/s41430-019-0396-y (DOI)000484395100006 ()30692654 (PubMedID)
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Swedish Cancer SocietySwedish Cancer Society [2015/309]; Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council [20132457]; ALF of Linkoping University Hospital

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-21 Laget: 2019-10-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-01
    3. Increased Extracellular Osteopontin Levels in Normal Human Breast Tissue at High Risk of Developing Cancer and Its Association With Inflammatory Biomarkers in situ
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Increased Extracellular Osteopontin Levels in Normal Human Breast Tissue at High Risk of Developing Cancer and Its Association With Inflammatory Biomarkers in situ
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Oncology, ISSN 2234-943X, E-ISSN 2234-943X, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 746Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Mammographic breast density is a strong independent risk factor for breast cancer (BC), but the molecular mechanisms behind this risk is yet undetermined and prevention strategies for these women are lacking. The anti-estrogen tamoxifen may reduce the risk of BC but this treatment is associated with severe side effects. Thus, other means for BC prevention, such as diet interventions, need to be developed. Osteopontin (OPN) is a major mediator of inflammation which is key in carcinogenesis. OPN may be cleaved by proteases in the tissue and cleaved OPN may in turn induce an inflammatory cascade in the extracellular microenvironment. We aimed to determine if extracellular OPN was altered in BC and in normal breast tissue with different densities and if tamoxifen or a diet of flaxseed could modify OPN levels. The study comprised 103 women; 13 diagnosed with BC, 42 healthy post-menopausal women with different breast densities at their mammography screen, and 34 post-menopausal women who added 25 g of ground flaxseed/day or were treated with tamoxifen 20 mg/day and were investigated before and after 6 weeks of exposure. Additionally, 10 premenopausal women who added flaxseed for one menstrual cycle and four who were investigated in two unexposed consecutive luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Microdialysis was used to sample extracellular proteins in vivo in breast tissue and proteins were quantified using a multiplex proximity extension assay. We found that, similar to BC, extracellular in vivo OPN levels were significantly increased in dense breast tissue. Additionally, significant correlations were found between OPN and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)-1, -8, -9, -10, and - 11, interleukin-6, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, - 2, -3, 7, and -12 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator whereas no correlations were found with MMP-9, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL)-2, and -5. Estradiol did not affect OPN levels in breast tissue. None of the interventions altered OPN levels. The pro-tumorigenic protein OPN may indeed be a molecular target for BC prevention in women with increased breast density but other means than tamoxifen or flaxseed i.e., more potent anti-inflammatory approaches, need to be evaluated for this purpose.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    FRONTIERS MEDIA SA, 2019
    Emneord
    inflammation; microdialysis; tamoxifen; flaxseed; enterolactone
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160039 (URN)10.3389/fonc.2019.00746 (DOI)000481427600001 ()31475105 (PubMedID)
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Swedish Cancer Society [2018/464]; Swedish Research Council [2018-02584]; LiU-Cancer; ALF of Linkoping University Hospital

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-06 Laget: 2019-09-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-26
  • 3.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Abrahamsson, Annelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Dabrosin, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen affect the inflammatory microenvironment in vivo in normal human breast tissue of postmenopausal women2019Inngår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 73, nr 9, s. 1250-1259Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Anti-oestrogens such as tamoxifen, decrease the risk of breast cancer but are unsuitable for prevention because of their side-effects. Diet modifications may be a breast cancer prevention strategy. Here, we investigated if a diet addition of flaxseed, which can be converted to the phytoestrogen enterolactone by the gut microbiota, exhibited similar effects as tamoxifen on normal human breast tissue in vivo, with special emphasis on inflammatory mediators implicated in cancer progression. Subjects A total of 28 postmenopausal women were included. Thirteen women added 25 g of ground flaxseed per day and 15 were treated with tamoxifen as an adjuvant for early breast cancer for 6 weeks. Microdialysis of normal breast tissue and, as a control, in subcutaneous abdominal fat was performed for sampling of extracellular proteins in vivo before and after exposures. Results Enterolactone levels increased significantly after flaxseed. IL-1Ra and IL-1Ra/IL-1 beta ratio in the breast increased in a similar fashion after the two different treatments. Flaxseed also increased breast specific levels of IL-1RT2, IL-18 and sST2 and an overall increase of MMP-9. These changes correlated significantly with enterolactone levels. Tamoxifen decreased breast tissue levels of IL-8 and IL-18. None of the treatments induced any changes of IL-1 beta, IL-1RT1, IL-18BP, IL-33, IL-6, IL-6RA, MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3. Conclusions We conclude that dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen exert both similar and different effects, as listed above, on normal breast tissue in vivo and that a relatively modest diet change can induce significant effects on the breast microenvironment.

  • 4.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Rzepecka, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Röntgenkliniken i Linköping.
    Dabrosin, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Increased Extracellular Osteopontin Levels in Normal Human Breast Tissue at High Risk of Developing Cancer and Its Association With Inflammatory Biomarkers in situ2019Inngår i: Frontiers in Oncology, ISSN 2234-943X, E-ISSN 2234-943X, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 746Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mammographic breast density is a strong independent risk factor for breast cancer (BC), but the molecular mechanisms behind this risk is yet undetermined and prevention strategies for these women are lacking. The anti-estrogen tamoxifen may reduce the risk of BC but this treatment is associated with severe side effects. Thus, other means for BC prevention, such as diet interventions, need to be developed. Osteopontin (OPN) is a major mediator of inflammation which is key in carcinogenesis. OPN may be cleaved by proteases in the tissue and cleaved OPN may in turn induce an inflammatory cascade in the extracellular microenvironment. We aimed to determine if extracellular OPN was altered in BC and in normal breast tissue with different densities and if tamoxifen or a diet of flaxseed could modify OPN levels. The study comprised 103 women; 13 diagnosed with BC, 42 healthy post-menopausal women with different breast densities at their mammography screen, and 34 post-menopausal women who added 25 g of ground flaxseed/day or were treated with tamoxifen 20 mg/day and were investigated before and after 6 weeks of exposure. Additionally, 10 premenopausal women who added flaxseed for one menstrual cycle and four who were investigated in two unexposed consecutive luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Microdialysis was used to sample extracellular proteins in vivo in breast tissue and proteins were quantified using a multiplex proximity extension assay. We found that, similar to BC, extracellular in vivo OPN levels were significantly increased in dense breast tissue. Additionally, significant correlations were found between OPN and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)-1, -8, -9, -10, and - 11, interleukin-6, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, - 2, -3, 7, and -12 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator whereas no correlations were found with MMP-9, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL)-2, and -5. Estradiol did not affect OPN levels in breast tissue. None of the interventions altered OPN levels. The pro-tumorigenic protein OPN may indeed be a molecular target for BC prevention in women with increased breast density but other means than tamoxifen or flaxseed i.e., more potent anti-inflammatory approaches, need to be evaluated for this purpose.

  • 5.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Onkologi.
    Saarinen, Niina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Abrahamsson, Annelie
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Onkologi.
    Dabrosin, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Tamoxifen, Flaxseed, and the Lignan Enterolactone Increase Stroma- and Cancer Cell-Derived IL-1Ra and Decrease Tumor Angiogenesis in Estrogen-Dependent Breast Cancer2011Inngår i: CANCER RESEARCH, ISSN 0008-5472, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 51-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta promote tumor angiogenesis that might be counteracted by the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), anakinra, a clinically approved agent. A diet with high amounts of phytoestrogens, such as flaxseed (Flax), genistein (GEN), and the mammalian lignan enterolactone (ENL), may affect breast cancer progression in a similar fashion as the antiestrogen tamoxifen. Both cancer cells and tumor stroma may be targets for cancer therapy. By using microdialysis in a model of human breast cancers in nude mice, we could perform species-specific analyses of released proteins in the microenvironment. We show that tumors treated with tamoxifen and fed Flax or ENL exhibited decreased in vivo release of IL-1 beta derived from the murine stroma and decreased microvessel density whereas dietary GEN had no effects. Cancer cell-released IL-1Ra were approximately 5 times higher than stroma-derived IL-1Ra. Tamoxifen, Flax, and ENL increased IL-1Ra levels significantly whereas GEN did not. The tumor stroma contained macrophages, which expressed the estrogen receptor. In vitro, estradiol decreased IL-1Ra released from breast cancer cells and from cultured macrophages. IL-1Ra decreased endothelial cell proliferation significantly in vitro whereas breast cancer cell proliferation was unaffected in presence of estradiol. Finally, IL-1Ra therapy of tumor-bearing mice opposed estrogen-dependent breast cancer growth and decreased angiogenesis. We conclude that the release of IL-1s both by cancer cells and the stroma, where macrophages are a key component, may offer feasible targets for antiestrogen therapy and dietary interventions against breast cancer.

  • 6.
    Matulonis, Ursula A.
    et al.
    Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, USA.
    Walder, Lydia
    FIECON, Ltd, St Albans, United Kingdom.
    Nøttrup, Trine J
    Nordic Society of Gynaecological Oncology and Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Bessette, Paul
    PMHC and University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
    Mahner, Sven
    Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie and University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    Gil-Martin, Marta
    Grupo Español de Investigación en Cáncer de Ovario and Institut Català dOncologia-IDIBELL, LHospitalet, Barcelona, Spain.
    Kalbacher, Elsa
    Groupe dInvestigateurs Nationaux pour lEtude des Cancers Ovariens and University Hospital Besançon, Besançon, France.
    Ledermann, Jonathan A
    National Cancer Research Institute and University College London Cancer Institute, London, United Kingdom.
    Wenham, Robert M
    H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, USA.
    Woie, Kathrine
    Nordic Society of Gynaecological Oncology and Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Lau, Susie
    PMHC and Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
    Marmé, Frederik
    Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie and Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Casado Herraez, Antonio
    Grupo Español de Investigación en Cáncer de Ovario and Hospital Universitario San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
    Hardy-Bessard, Anne-Claire
    Groupe dInvestigateurs Nationaux pour lEtude des Cancers Ovariens and Centre Amoricain DOncologie, Paris, France.
    Banerjee, Susana
    National Cancer Research Institute and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US. Nordic Society of Gynaecological Oncology, Sweden.
    Benigno, Benedict
    Northside Hospital, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Buscema, Joseph
    Arizona Oncology, Tucson, AZ, USA.
    Travers, Karin
    TESARO A GSK Company, Waltham, MA, USA.
    Guy, Holly
    FIECON, Ltd, St Albans, United Kingdom.
    Mirza, Mansoor R.
    Nordic Society of Gynaecological Oncology and Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Niraparib Maintenance Treatment Improves Time Without Symptoms or Toxicity (TWiST) Versus Routine Surveillance in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: A TWiST Analysis of the ENGOT-OV16/NOVA Trial2019Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, E-ISSN 1527-7755, Vol. 37, nr 34, s. 3183-3191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study estimated time without symptoms or toxicity (TWiST) with niraparib compared with routine surveillance (RS) in the maintenance treatment of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer.

  • 7.
    Mirza, Mansoor Raza
    et al.
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Åvall Lundqvist, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US. Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark.
    Birrer, Michael
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, AL USA.
    Christensen, Rene DePont
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Nyvang, Gitte-Bettina
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Odense Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Malander, Susanne
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Lund Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Anttila, Maarit
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Kuopio Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Werner, Theresa L.
    Univ Utah, UT USA.
    Lund, Bente
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Aalborg Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US. Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark.
    Hietanen, Sakari
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Turku Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Peen, Ulla
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Hedev Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Dimoula, Maria
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Roed, Henrik
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Knudsen, Anja Or
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Odense Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Staff, Synnove
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Tampere Univ, Finland; Tampere Univ, Finland; Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Vistisen, Anders Krog
    Aalborg Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Bjorge, Line
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Maenpaa, Johanna U.
    Nordic Soc Gynaecol Oncol, Denmark; Tampere Univ, Finland; Tampere Univ, Finland; Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Niraparib plus bevacizumab versus niraparib alone for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (NSGO-AVANOVA2/ENGOT-ov24): a randomised, phase 2, superiority trial2019Inngår i: The Lancet Oncology, ISSN 1470-2045, E-ISSN 1474-5488, Vol. 20, nr 10, s. 1409-1419Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Platinum-based chemotherapy is the foundation of treatment for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer, but has substantial toxicity. Bevacizumab and maintenance poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors both significantly improve efficacy versus standard therapy, primarily in terms of progression-free survival, and offer the potential for chemotherapy-free treatment. AVANOVA2 compared niraparib and bevacizumab versus niraparib alone as definitive treatment for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Methods This open-label, randomised, phase 2, superiority trial in 15 university hospitals in Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, and the USA enrolled women aged 18 years or older with measurable or evaluable high-grade serous or endometrioid platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Patients had to have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, and had to have previously received platinum-containing therapy for primary disease but amp;lt;= 1 prior non-platinum-containing regimen for recurrent disease. Previous treatment with bevacizumab or first-line maintenance PARP inhibitors was permitted. Eligible patients were randomly assigned 1:1 (by random permuted blocks with block sizes of two and four, no masking), stratified by homologous recombination deficiency status and chemotherapy-free interval, to receive once-daily oral niraparib 300 mg alone or with intravenous bevacizumab 15 mg/kg once every 3 weeks until disease progression. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, assessed by the investigators in the intention-to-treat population after events in at least 62 patients. Safety was analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This ongoing trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov , number NCT02354131. Findings Between May 23,2016, and March 6,2017,97 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned: 48 to niraparib plus bevacizumab and 49 to single-agent niraparib. Median follow-up was 16.9 months (IQR 15.4-20.9). Niraparib plus bevacizumab significantly improved progression-free survival compared with niraparib alone (median progression-free survival 11.9 months [95% CI 8.5-16.7] vs 5.5 months [3.8-6.3], respectively; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.35 [95% CI 0.21-0.57], pamp;lt;0.0001). Grade 3 or worse adverse events occurred in 31 (65%) of 48 patients who received niraparib plus bevacizumab and 22 (45%) of 49 who received single-agent niraparib. The most common grade 3 or worse adverse events in both groups were anaemia (7 [15%] of 48 vs 9 [18%] of 49) and thrombocytopenia (5 [10%] vs 6 [12%]), and hypertension in the combination group (10 [21%] vs 0). Niraparib plus bevacizumab was associated with increased incidences of any-grade proteinuria (10 [21%] of 48 patients vs 0) and hypertension (27[56%] of 48 vs 11 [22%] of 49) compared with niraparib alone. No treatment-related deaths occurred. Interpretation The efficacy observed with this chemotherapy-free combination of approved agents in women with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer warrants further evaluation. A randomised phase 3 trial investigating niraparib plus bevacizumab versus chemotherapy plus bevacizumab in platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer is planned. Copyright (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 8.
    Wedin, Madelene
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ahlner, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Falk, Annika
    Norrlands Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Sandstrom, Asa
    Norrlands Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Gabriel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Rosenberg, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Kjölhede, Preben
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Validation of the Lymphoedema Quality of Life Questionnaire (LYMQOL) in Swedish cancer patients2020Inngår i: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this study was to validate a translated Swedish version of the lymphoedema-specific quality of life questionnaire (LYMQOL) in a cohort of Swedish cancer patients with secondary lymphoedema of the limbs after cancer treatment.

    Material and methods: We recruited 102 patients with lymphoedema of the arms or legs after cancer treatment who were visiting lymphoedema therapists at the departments of oncology at the university hospitals in Linköping and Umeå. The LYMQOL questionnaires were translated forward and backward from English to Swedish. Content and face validity were evaluated. The construct validity was assessed by comparing the LYMQOL with the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the perceived degree of lymphoedema of the limbs, respectively. Reliability was determined through test-retest. The internal consistency was assessed by determining Cronbach’s alpha and by factor analysis.

    Results: The content and face validity assessments showed that LYMQOL was an easy, clear and not too long questionnaire to use for patients with lymphoedema. Construct validity was high in both versions when compared with the SF-36. The association between the degrees of perceived lymphoedema and the LYMQOL was only significant in the domains Function and Body Image in the arm version, whereas all domains in the leg version were significant. The reliability was good for the arm version (intra-class-correlation coefficients 0.53–0.87) and very good for the leg version (intra-class-correlation coefficients 0.78–0.90). The internal consistency was acceptable to excellent, with Cronbach’s alpha values between 0.79–0.93 (arm-version) and 0.87–0.94 (leg-version). The factor analysis confirmed the usefulness of the four domains in the LYMQOL versions.

    Conclusions: This study confirmed the validity of the Swedish version of LYMQOL and demonstrated that LYMQOL may be a simple and useful tool for use in clinical practice and scientific contexts for evaluating QoL in patients with lymphoedema of the limbs.

1 - 8 of 8
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf