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  • 1.
    Altintzoglou, Euripides
    et al.
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Revolt and Revolution: The Protester in the 21st Century2015In: Revolt and Revolution: The Protester in the 21st Century / [ed] Martin Fredriksson & Euripides Altintzoglou, Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015, p. vii-ixChapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Altintzoglou, Euripides
    et al.
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Fredriksson, MartinLinköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Revolt and Revolution: The Protester in the 21st Century2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the Arab Spring, Time Magazine named ‘The Protester’, 2011s Person of the Year. Revolts, social unrest and demands for systemic change continue to spread from the anti-austerity street marches in Europe and the progressive ‘No Borders’ global movement, to protests against neoconservative and xenophobic populist movements. Histories are currently being (re)written and he immanence and promise of large scale political revolutions is as present today as ever on our planet.

    As the goals and aspirations of protesters across the world become more heterogeneous and less programmatic, it becomes increasingly hard to say what ‘the protester’ wants and where ‘the revolution’ will take us. This book embraces the ambiguity and heterogeneity of contemporary protest movements, pointing to how the potentials of revolutionary acts reside behind seemingly irrelevant, disorganized outbursts of apparently aimless acts. Giving meaning to the sign carried by a protester of the Occupy Wall Street demonstration: ‘We’re here; we’re unclear; get used to it’.

  • 3.
    Arvanitakis, James
    et al.
    Graduate Research School, Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schillings, Sonja
    Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany.
    Bellamy’s Rage and Beer’s Conscience: Pirate Methodologies and the Contemporary University2017In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 09, no 3, p. 260-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade piracy has emerged as a growing field of research covering a wide range of different phenomena, from fashion counterfeits and media piracy, through to 17th century buccaneers and present-day pirates off the coast of Somalia. In many cases piracy can be a metaphor or an analytical perspective to understand conflicts and social change. This article relates this fascination with piracy as a practice and a metaphor to academia and asks what a pirate methodology of knowledge production could be: how, in other words, researchers and educators can be understood as ‘pirates’ to the corporate university. Drawing on the history of maritime piracy as well as on a discussion on contemporary pirate libraries that disrupt proprietary publishing, the article explores the possibility of a pirate methodology as a way of acting as a researcher and relating to existing norms of knowledge production. The methodology of piratical scholarship involves exploiting the grey zones and loopholes of contemporary academia. It is a tactical intervention that exploits short term opportunities that arise in the machinery of academia to the strategic end of turning a limiting structure into an enabling field of opportunities. We hope that such a concept of pirate methodologies may help us reflect on how sustainable and constructive approaches to knowledge production emerge in the context of a critique of the corporate university. 

  • 4.
    Bjurström, Erling
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Möller, Per
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den nya kulturekonomin: Kreativ ekonomi, kulturellt entreprenörskap och platsmarknadsföring i Norrköping2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har ”kulturen” alltmer beskrivits som en outnyttjad resurs för ekonomisk tillväxt och regional utveckling. Detta har också varit knutet till föreställningar om en omvandling av samhällsekonomin i stort och uppkomsten av en ny ekonomi, som har beskrivits som en upplevelse- eller kreativ ekonomi. Både utomlands och i Sverige finns det otaliga exempel på kultursatsningar som antingen kan betraktas som uttryck för eller implementeringar av dessa ekonomier. Överlag är dock deras genomslag oklart, inte minst om man ser till kultursektorn. Så är också fallet i Norrköping, som utgör fokus för den här studien av kulturellt och kreativt inriktade verksamheter och satsningar.

    Till viss del kan detta förklaras av att diskursen (talet, diskussionen eller samtalet) om upplevelse- och den kreativa ekonomin bidrar till att lösa upp etablerade föreställningar om och definitioner av kultur, liksom gränserna mellan olika samhälls- och ekonomiska sektorer. Med fokus på upplevelser och kreativitet överskrider dessa ekonomier gränserna mellan olika kulturella genrer, samhällssektorer, näringsgrenar och branscher. Detta återspeglar sig inte minst i anspråken på att vidga synen på kultursektorn genom att omdefiniera den till en kreativ sektor.

    Samtidigt är det långt ifrån klart vad som kan räknas till de ekonomier, samhällssektorer eller näringsgrenar som avgränsas med upplevelse- eller kreativitetsbegreppet. Denna oklarhet diskuteras i den första delen av boken (kapitel 1-3), där också olika teorier kring, förklaringsmodeller till och avgränsningar av upplevelse- och den kreativa ekonomin granskas. Likaså diskuteras de kulturpolitiska konsekvenserna av dessa ekonomiers intåg i kulturlandskapet, med tonvikt vid den kulturpolitik som förts i Norrköping.

    I den andra delen av boken (kapitel 4-8) ställs diskussionen i den första delen i relation till den kreativa ekonomins genomslag och mottagande i några kultur- och kreativt inriktade verksamheter i Norrköping. Vilket genomslag har denna ekonomi fått i staden? Hur förhåller sig de som verkar här inom en presumtiv kreativ sektor till föreställningarna om en kreativ eller upplevelsebaserad ekonomi? Hur ställer sig dem som själva verkar inom denna kreativa sektor till de föreställningar om ekonomisk tillväxt och regional utveckling som har ackompanjerat den tankemässiga etableringen av den? Ser de sig själva som del av eller företrädare för en sådan sektor? Bekräftar deras egna erfarenheter den bild som ofta målas upp av kultur, konst och kreativitet som nya drivkrafter för  ekonomisk tillväxt och regional utveckling? I bokens andra del tas frågeställningar som dessa som utgångspunkt för att ställa kvantitativa avgränsningar av den kreativa sektorn mot hur den framtonar för dem som är verksamma inom den.

    Denna del bygger på sex fallstudier av Norrköpings presumtiva kreativa ekonomi: Norrköpings symfoniorkester, Norrköpings visualiseringscenter, EWK-museet, Museet för glömska, reklambyrån Anfang och webbdesignfirman Angry Creative. Dessa har dessutom kompletterats med en granskning av och ställts i relation till stadens kulturpolitik. Härigenom har företrädare för etablerade kulturinstitutioner, nya kulturverksamheter, kreativt inriktade företag och den lokala kulturpolitiken fått ge sin syn på förutsättningarna för att bedriva kultur- och kreativt inriktade verksamheter i Norrköping.

    Skillnader ifråga om verksamhetsinriktning, storlek, etablering och finansieringsmöjligheter slog på detta sätt igenom i de synpunkter som redovisas och diskuteras i bokens andra del. Detsamma gäller de synpunkter på villkoren för kulturellt inriktade entreprenörskap som kom fram i studien, inte minst om man ser till de relativt nyetablerade verksamheter som ingick i den: Norrköpings visualiseringscenter, EWK-museet, Museet för glömska och Angry Creative. Likaså varierade kännedomen om, intresset för och synen på den kreativa ekonomin bland representanterna för de olika verksamheterna. Medan vissa gav uttryck åt att känna sig delaktiga i denna ekonomi, markerade andra snarare att de anpassat sig till den i form av ett slags kritisk delaktighet. I ett fall var detta även förenat med en kritisk syn på denna anpassning i sig och ett visst motstånd mot att godta de verklighetsbeskrivningar som ligger till grund för och de kulturpolitiska förväntningar som har knutits till den kreativa ekonomin. Samtidigt stod flera av representanterna för de verksamheter som ingick i studien relativt främmande för talet om en ny kreativ ekonomi och gav uttryck åt en tämligen likgiltig inställning till den.

    Den kritiska delaktigheten och motståndet var mest markant bland de verksamheter som kan räknas till kultursektorns och kulturpolitikens kärnområden, som i detta fall bland annat representerades av nyetablerade musei- och konstverksamheter. Områden som överlag dessutom räknas till ”den kreativa kärnan” i den kreativa ekonomin. Samtidigt återspeglade sig en mer utbredd skepsis gentemot den kreativa ekonomins tendens att vidga synen på kultur och bryta ner gränserna mellan olika kulturella delfält eller genrer, liksom mellan olika samhällssektorer, inklusive dess anspråk på att omvandla kultursektorn till en kreativ sektor. Likaså gav många, inte sällan med hänvisning till egna erfarenheter, uttryck åt en skepsis vad gäller den kommersiella potential som den kreativa ekonomin tillskriver kulturen. Utifrån vad som kom fram i studien tyder inte heller mycket på att den kreativa ekonomin har öppnat nya möjligheter för etablerade kulturinstitutioner eller kulturverksamheter som har haft svårt att få kostnader och intäkter att gå jämnt ut, vilket Norrköpings symfoniorkester, EWK-museet och Museet för glömska utgör exempel på. Å andra sidan är det tydligt att denna ekonomi, såväl tankemässigt som i praktiken, har spelat en betydelsefull roll för satsningar på nya kreativa verksamheter, vilket Norrköpings visualiseringscenter utgör ett mer storskaligt och Angry Creative ett mer småskaligt exempel på.

    Precis som man kan förvänta sig spelar enskilda entreprenörer – eller vad som i en del fall snarare kan betecknas som eldsjälar, eftersom de enligt egen utsago helt är i avsaknad av ekonomiska motiv – en betydelsefull roll för de nysatsningar på kultur- och kreativa verksamheter som ingick i studien. Ingen av dem var dock beredd att, i varje fall inte utan tveksamhet eller reservationer, beteckna sig själv som ”kulturentreprenör”. För dem som uppgav sig sakna ekonomiska motiv var det dock främst själva entreprenörrollen som de hade svårt att identifiera sig med, medan det var prefixet ”kultur” som framstod som problematiskt för dem som redovisade sådana motiv och uttryckligen betraktade sig som entreprenörer.

    Trots att de tveksamma inställningarna till själva beteckningen ”kulturentreprenör” bottnade i olika överväganden gav de på detta sätt uttryck åt en motvilja mot eller obenägenhet att förena vissa synsätt på kultur och ekonomi med varandra. Den roll som föreskrivs för kulturentreprenören, inte minst från politiskt håll, tycks i denna mening fungera som en brytpunkt för överväganden kring kulturens egenvärde och instrumentalisering i förhållande till ekonomiska motiv och drivkrafter. Samma tendens återspeglade sig i synen på kulturbegreppet, där flera av representanterna för de verksamheter som ingick i studien gav uttryck åt en motvilja mot eller oförståelse inför att vidga dess omfång eller omdefiniera gränserna mellan kultur och ekonomi på det sätt som den kreativa ekonomin gått i bräschen för.

    Som bidrag till förståelsen av en pågående förändring av relationen mellan kultur och ekonomi är den kreativa ekonomins status oklar. Som begrepp står den kreativa ekonomin växelvis för att beskriva en sådan förändring, en politiskt och ekonomiskt förankrad strategi för att åstadkomma den och en policy för att implementera den.

  • 5.
    Bjurström, Erling
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, MartinLinköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Olsson, UlfInstitutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria, Stockholms universitet.Werner, AnnInstitutionen för genus kultur och historia, Södertörns högskola.
    Senmoderna reflexioner: Festskrift till Johan Fornäs2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Senmoderna reflexioner. Festskrift till Johan Fornäs, är en antologi med tjugotre artiklar tillägnade Johan Fornäs på hans 60-årsdag den 7 mars 2012. Flera av artiklarna utgår från teman i Johan Fornäs böcker, medan andra på olika sätt behandlar ämnen relaterade till hans breda och mångfacetterade intresseområden. Boken är indelad i fyra tematiska delar, som behandlar olika praktiker: teoretiska, mediala, estetiska och litterära. Under rubriken ”teoretiska praktiker” diskuteras olika aspekter av hermeneutik, kulturalisering och kulturellt kapital. Under ”mediala praktiker” återfinns studier av samtida mediefenomen och deras relationer till demokrati och politik. ”Estetiska praktiker” innefattar bidrag som diskuterar kulturella praktikers funktion i den offentliga sfären. I den avslutande delen, ”litterära praktiker”, analyseras utvalda litterära texter och den diskurs som omger dem. Huvuddelen av artiklarna är skrivna på svenska, med undantag av tre engelska bidrag.

    Late modern reflexions: Festschrift for Johan Fornäs is an anthology of more than twenty essays dedicated to Johan Fornäs on his 60th birthday 7th of mars 2012. Several of the articles included take Johan Fornäs’ books as their starting point, while others are related, in different ways, to his wide and diverse interests. The book is divided into four thematic parts, dealing with "Theoretical Practices", “Medial Practices”. “Aesthetic Practices” and “Literary Practices”. Articles included under ”Theoretical Practices” discuss different aspects of hermenutics, culturalization, and cultural capital. ”Medial Practices” offers studies of contemporary media phenomena, relating them to questions of democracy and politics.”Aesthetic Practices” include contributions that discuss the function of different cultural practices in the public sphere. The last section, ”Literary Practices”, takes a closer look at both select literary texts and the discourses surrounding them. Most of the Articles are written in Swedish, with the exception of three articles in English.

  • 6.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Extracting the Commons2017In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 31, no 2-3, p. 253-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how resources that are perceived as common are turned into property through different interventions of extractivism, and how this provokes counter-activism from groups and actors who see their rights and living conditions threatened by the practices of extraction. The article looks at how extraction is enacted through three distinct practices: prospecting, enclosure and unbundling, studied through three different cases. The cases involve resources that are material and immaterial, renewable as well as non-renewable, ‘natural’ as well as man-made. Prospecting is exemplified by patenting of genetic resources and traditional knowledge, enclosure is exemplified by debates over copyright expansionism and information commons, and unbundling through conflicts over mining and gas extraction. The article draws on fieldwork involving interviews and participant observation with protesters at contested mining sites in Australia and with digital rights activists from across the world who protest against how the expansion of copyright limits public access to culture and information. The article departs from an understanding of ‘commons’ not as an open access resource, but as a resource shared by a group of people, often subjected to particular social norms that regulate how it can be used. Enclosure and extraction are both social processes, dependent on recognising some and downplaying or misrecognising other social relations when it comes to resources and processes of property creation. These processes are always, regardless of the particular resources at stake, cultural in the sense that the uses of the commons are regulated through cultural norms and contracts, but also that they carry profound cultural and social meanings for those who use them. Finally, the commonalities and heterogeneities of these protest movements are analysed as ‘working in common’, where the resistance to extraction in itself represents a process of commoning.

  • 7.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Where does the Mine End2018In: Rivers of Emotion, Bodies of Ore: 13.09 - 21.12 2018, Kunsthall Trondheim / [ed] Lisa Rosendahl, Oslo: Not Yet Titled Press , 2018, p. 118-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Dahlén, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Editorial Material: Introduction: The Instability of Intellectual Property2015In: Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property, ISSN 2045-9807, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 243-246Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    de Beukelaer, Christiaan
    et al.
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Rights: the Paradox of Article 27 Exemplified in Ghana2018In: Review of African Political Economy, ISSN 0305-6244, E-ISSN 1740-1720, Vol. 45, no 157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthodox copyright scholarship frames piracy in ‘developing’ countries as a detrimental and illegal practice that results from these countries’ lack of economic, social and cultural development. It argues that piracy needs to be discouraged, regulated, and finally overcome for legitimate business to flourish. In this article, the authors challenge this viewpoint and question whether the implementation of international copyright instruments in legislation across Africa really promotes those local economies or if it merely exposes them to neo-colonial exploitation. While the early international treaties on intellectual property rights (IPR) were formulated by European states and implemented in most parts of Africa through colonial laws, more recent legislation has been globally implemented through institutions such as the United Nations or the World Trade Organization, which remain dominated by Western interests. Through a structured overview of the adoption of IPR treaties in African countries, the authors advance a political economy perspective of intellectual property rights as a (neo-)colonial regime.

  • 10.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Department of Media and Communication Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Culturalisation at an Australian–Swedish Crossroads2012In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 4, p. 249-255Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    Swedish School of Library and Information Science, Borås, Sweden.
    Culture Unbound Vol. 1 Editorial2009In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    Swedish School of Library and Information Science, Borås, Sweden.
    Culture Unbound Vol. 2 Editorial2010In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 2, p. 5-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Department of Media and Communication Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    Centre for Cultural Policy Research, the Swedish School of Library and Information Science, Borås, Sweden.
    Editorial, Culture Unbound, vol. 42012In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 4, p. 5-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    Swedish School of Library and Information Science, Borås, Sweden.
    What’s the Use of Cultural  Research? Editorial theme introduction2009In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 1, p. 7-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stead, Naomi
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Editorial, Culture Unbound, Volume 52013In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 5, p. 7-13Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are proud to present the fifth volume of Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research. This time we have some important news to share. First, the journal’s scholarly success has been financially rewarded, in that Culture Unbound has received two different publishing grants: one from the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) and the other from the Joint Committee for Nordic Research Councils for the Humanities and Social Sciences (NOS-HS). Together these two grants cover most of the costs for Martin Fredriksson’s work as executive editor, which forms the core of our rather minimal costs. The remaining expenses are covered by our three collaborating host institutions at Linköping University: the Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden (ACSIS), the Department of Culture Studies (Tema Q) and the Swedish Cultural Policy Research Observatory (SweCult).

  • 16.
    Fredriksson Almqvist, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Biopiracy or bioprospecting: Negotiating the Limits of Propertization2017In: Property, Place and Piracy / [ed] James Arvanitakis & Martin Fredriksson, Routledge, 2017, p. 174-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A critical guide to intellectual property2018In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 559-561Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 18.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    An Open Source Project for Politics: Visions of Democracy and Citizenship in American Pirate Parties2013In: The Citizen in the 21st Century / [ed] James Arvanitakis & Ingrid Matthews, Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2013, p. 201-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A political battle is being waged over the use and control of culture and information. While media companies and copyright organisations argue for stricter intellectual property laws, a growing body of citizens and netizens challenge the contemporary Intellectual property-regime. Lately this has resulted in what could be described as a political mobilisation of piracy. This is maybe most evident in the formation of pirate parties that see themselves as a digital civil rights movement defending the public domain and the citizen’s right to privacy against copyright expansionism and increased surveillance. Since the first pirate party was formed in Sweden in 2006, similar parties have spread across the world, from USA to Australia.

    This presentation draws on a study of the culture and ideology of copyright resistance which involves a series of interviews with representatives of pirate parties in USA and Canada. The study looks into what ideas, ideals and aspirations motivate active pirate party members in North America and how this relates to traditional values of a modern, democratic society such as freedom of speech, respect for private property and the public access to culture and information. This presentation focuses particularly on the role of democracy and citizenship in pirate politics. It discusses how the pirate ideology envisions the relationship between the citizen and society in a time when digital technology rapidly and radically changes the conditions for political and social agency and participation. Does a movement that relies so much on global networking and sees the principles of swarm intelligence and open source collaboration as the future of democracy also convey a relationship between the citizen and the state? How would, in that case, such a pirate citizen be defined and situated, and how does it relate to old conceptions of citizenship and existing political institutions?

  • 19.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Authors, Inventors and Entrepreneurs: Intellectual Property and Actors of Extraction2018In: Open Cultural Studies, ISSN 2451-3474, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 319-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ideas and ideals of authorship and the discourse on property rights that emerged in parallelsince the 18th century have come to form the bedrock of copyright law. Critical copyright scholars arguethat this construction of authorship and ownership contributes to individualisation and privatisationof artistic works that disregards the collective aspects of creativity. It also embodies a certain kind ofauthorial character—or “author function” as Michel Foucault puts it—imbued with racial and genderedpowers and privileges. While the gendered and racialised biases of intellectual property rights are welldocumented within copyright research, the commodification of ideas and cultural expressions relies onindividualisation of creativity that is significant not only to the cultural economy but also to the 20th-centurynotion of the entrepreneur as the protagonist of capitalism. This article relates the idea of the entrepreneurto the deconstruction of authorship that was initiated by Foucault and Roland Barthes in the late 1960s,and the critique of an author-centred IPR regime developed by law scholars in the 1990s. It asks if and howthe deconstruction of the author as a cultural and ideological persona that underpins the privatisationof immaterial resources can help us understand the construction and function of the entrepreneur inextractive capitalism.

  • 20.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Between Intellectual and Cultural Property: Myths of Authorship and Common Heritage in the Protection of Traditional Cultural Expression2019In: Cultural Analysis, ISSN 1537-7873, E-ISSN 1537-7873, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1970s international law has tried to provide protection for traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs). Academics, activists and policymakers have discussed how to apply a legal framework based on Western norms of authorship on various forms of creativity that exist in different traditional communities. While aiming to acknowledge indigenous rights, this discourse also reflects assumptions and distinctions regarding differences between indigenous and non-indigenous cultures, relating to concepts of commons as well as individual and collective authorship. Here certain norms of cultural creativity are taken for granted, not only with regards to indigenous cultures but also regarding a Western cultural heritage. This article questions these assumptions by analyzing international legislation regarding the protection of TCEs and comparing them to the articulation of creativity and cultural entitlements in European cultural and legal discourses. It takes a particular paragraph in the Swedish copyright law, regarding the so called “protection of classics”, as a case study to discuss the inconsistencies between individual authorship and collective cultural entitlements within Western copyright law. Eventually it takes a decolonizing perspective on dichotomies between concepts such as: Western/non-Western; modern/traditional; authored/non-authored and intellectual property/cultural property.

  • 21.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Copyright Culture and Pirate Politics2014In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 28, no 5-6, p. 1022-1047Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article approaches the recent debates about copyright and piracy from a cultural and historical perspective, discussing how problems surrounding intellectual property rights (IPR) reflect cultural conflicts that are central to cultural studies. It sets out with a study of how international copyright norms developed in nineteenth-century Europe were implemented in two different national contexts: Sweden and the USA. This historical background shows how copyright has been embedded in the cultural history of Europe and intertwined with the idea of an evolving Western civilization. The examples from the past are thus used to highlight the underlying cultural implications that affect the contemporary discussions. Particular interest is paid to how the historical association between the spread of copyright and the development of civilization affects the understanding of Asian piracy and Western file sharing today, and how a multitude of social movements both in the West and the Third World simultaneously challenge the cultural legitimacy of the current system of IPR. Eventually this is also taken as an example of how law and culture intersect and how the broad, interdisciplinary field of copyright studies that has emerged over the last decade can be seen as an extension of the cultural studies tradition.

  • 22.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Current Issues in European Cultural Studies, ACSIS Conference 2011, Norrköping, 15–17 June: Abstracts2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We proudly present the programme of our international conference ‘Current Issues in European Cultural Studies’! The conference is arranged by the Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden (ACSIS) which is a national centre for interdisciplinary and international networking in the !eld of cultural studies (www.acsis.liu.se). ACSIS has a wide range of activities, including the large biannual conference on cultural research that we have arranged since 2005. The great response to our !rst international conference ‘INTER’, in 2007 convinced us of the need for continuing to bring di#erent regions and thematic areas together on an international scale.

    This is why we have given the 2011 conference a broad European scope. Each of its plenary sessions focuses on a particular set of current issues, dimensions and perspectives for interdisciplinary, critical and cultural research in Europe. Our intention is to point at tensions and contradictions that together serve to map key contemporary directions in this complex !eld.

    What does Europe mean to cultural researchers today? How is cultural studies de!ned and how does it thrive or su#er in di#erent countries? What threats, challenges and opportunities are pivotal for us in the 2010s? The last plenary sums up a series of !ve ‘spotlight sessions’ that each gathers scholars into a panel to discuss the current state of cultural research in different regions of Europe : central, east, north, south and west. The latter is actually limited to British cultural studies, indicating that these regions are far from innocent concepts, and we expect critical debates around the very idea of dividing Europe in this manner! The European branch of the international Association for Cultural Studies ACS has kindly supported our efforts by letting their board members chair and take part in these spotlight sessions.

    Parallel to the spotlights a total number of 50 group sessions, including double sessions, involving more than 200 participants will take place. Conferences are not only work, they are also a great opportunity to meet old friends and make new ones. In addition to the discussions at the sessions, there will be plenty of time to socialise at the reception hosted by the city of Norrköping on Wednesday evening and the big conference dinner on Thursday night.

    Since the start these ACSIS conferences have provided a rich overview of the contemporary trends in cultural research, which our conference publications prove. We will continue this work and publish the conference proceedings, which are open to all conference participants, of this year in open access at Linköping University Electronic Press. More information about the proceedings will be distributed after the conference. Participants are also invited to submit articles to our refereed academic journal Culture Unbound : Journal of Current Cultural Research, published open access since 2009 by Linköping University Electronic Press. Culture Unbound is partly owned by ACSIS and as the journal’s publication history shows, it is a wonderful resource for publishing this kind of texts (www.cultureunbound.ep.liu.se).

    The national board of ACSIS has served as a programme committee for the conference, and a great number of local supporters have assisted in preparing and organising the event. The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (Stiftelsen Riksbankens Jubileumsfond), the Wenner-Gren Foundations (Wenner-Gren Stiftelserna), Linköping University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences and the city of Norrköping have contributed with the funding needed to make this all possible. Last but certainly not least, we are enormously grateful for and impressed by the nonsalaried e#orts from all invited speakers, Panelists, moderators, session organisers and paper presenters who have !lled these frameworks with such fascinating intellectual contents.

    This programme book includes the full programme, abstracts, maps and various other kinds of information, ending with a list of participants and emails in alphabetic order.

    Welcome to Norrköping, to ACSIS and to the borderlands of European cultural studies!

    Johan Fornäs, Director of ACSIS, Södertörn University

    Johanna Dahlin, ACSIS conference organizer, Linköping University

    Martin Fredriksson, ACSIS research coordinator, Linköping University

  • 23.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Current Issues in European Cultural Studies, June 15–17, Norrköping, Sweden 20112011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In June 2011 ACSIS arranged its fourth biennial conference on cultural research, this time on the subject “Current Issues in European Cultural Studies”. The conference provided an updated inventory of main issues in European cultural studies today, covering cross-European topics and trends as well as regional developments in East, West, South, North and Central Europé.

    The program had three main levels. First, a series of plenary sessions dealt with selected key current issues for cultural studies that partly connected to European perspectives and partly reached beyond this geographic scope. Second, a set of spotlight sessions opened up for presentations and debates on the state of cultural studies in different regions of Europé, leading up to a final plenary discussing whether EU’s motto “united in diversity” is also applicable to European cultural studies. Finally, about 200 cultural studies scholars from all over the world came together to present their own research in more than 30 parallel sessions. You can find the details on the participants in the Statistics for 2011 and if you really like figures you find statistics for all conferences in Statistics 2005-2011.

    The conference was supported by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Wenner-Gren Foundations, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Linköping University and the City of Norrköping.

  • 24.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ’De patenterade konsterna’: 100 år av upphovsrättskritik2009In: Kultur~Natur:: Konferens för kulturstudier i Sverige 2009, Norrköping 15-17 juni / [ed] Andreas Nyblom, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009, p. 291-297Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ända sedan 1700-talet har upphovsrätten motiverats utifrån John Lockes naturrättsliga föreställning om att varje individ har en odiskutabel rätt till frukterna av sitt eget arbete. Att författare, konstnärer och andra upphovsmän därmed har en naturlig äganderätt till sina egna verk är en grundtes som fortfarande präglar synen på upphovsrätten. Under senare år har denna tes mött högljutt motstånd, men det har alltid funnits röster som har ifrågasatt det självskrivna och naturliga i upphovsmannens rätt att begränsa andra människors tillgång på kultur. I detta paper tittar jag närmare på hur sådana motdiskurser har artikulerats i upphovsrättshistorien. Det en text vigd åt avvikare och nejsägare i den svenska riksdagsdebatten om upphovsrätt från mitten av 1800-talet fram till 1960 och den visar bland annat hur upphovsrättsfrågan på olika sätt inordnats i en politisk debatt där kritiken växelvis kommit från liberalt och socialistiskt håll. Avslutningsvis frågar jag mig vilka perspektiv dessa röster kan ge på dagens upphovsrättsdebatt och vad de kan säga om upphovsrättskritikens roll i samtidens politiska landskap.

  • 25.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From biopiracy to bioprospecting: Negotiating the Limits of Propertization2017In: Property, Place and Piracy / [ed] James Arvanitakis and Martin Fredriksson, Routledge, 2017, p. 174-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s the patenting a n d commodification of biological resources and traditional knowledge has become a contested phenomenon. This practice comes in many guises: it can be conducted by universities working in collaboration with local communities, by small commercial research companies or by multinational pharmaceutical corporations. Some call it biopiracy while others prefer the term bioprospecting or biodiscovery. The choice of words is significant as it reflects not only different ways to conduct and distribute the revenues from patenting of biological resources, but also different ways to look at the legitimacy of biopatents as such. This chapter takes the Nagoya Protocol – a UN protocol aiming to prevent biopiracy – as an example to discuss how the negotiations over bio patents also reflect different approaches to commodification of nature and the limits of propertization.

  • 26.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Författarrättens genombrott, Gunnar Petri (Bokrecension)2008In: TFL : tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 0282-7913, Vol. 2, p. 98-101Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av Gunnar Petris avhandling Författarrättens genombrott:

    "Författarens rätt till sitt verk har djupa rötter, ständigt omdiskuterade, ständigt utnyttjade för den ena eller andra ståndpunkten i en alltid aktuell debatt. Författarrätten föddes ur censurens fall, och den skapade förutsättningarna för uppkomsten av oberoende författarskap. I dagens cybervärld är den ifrågasatt. Historien om dess genombrott i 1700- och 1800-talets Europa berättas i Författarrättens genombrott, som ger en bred och fascinerande skildring av den idémässiga, ekonomiska och politiska bakgrunden till den moderna författarrollens uppkomst. Det är en dramatisk utveckling alltifrån tryckerikonstens första uppblomstring i Venedig, över Locke och den tidiga parlamentarismens England, franska revolutionen, Metternichs reaktionära Tyskland och till vår egen svenska statsvälvning 180910 och dess följder."

  • 27.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Några internationella perspektiv på en forskningspolitik i förändring2008In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 24-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Piracy and the Politics of Social Media2016In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, the understanding of how and where politics are made has changed radically. Scholars such as Ulrich Beck and Maria Bakardjieva have discussed how political agency is enacted outside of conventional party organizations, and political struggles increasingly focus on single issues. Over the past two decades, this transformation of politics has become common knowledge, not only in academic research but also in the general political discourse. Recently, the proliferation of digital activism and the political use of social media are often understood to enforce these tendencies. This article analyzes the Pirate Party in relation to these theories, relying on almost 30 interviews with active Pirate Party members from different parts of the world. The Pirate Party was initially formed in 2006, focusing on copyright, piracy, and digital privacy. Over the years, it has developed into a more general democracy movement, with an interest in a wider range of issues. This article analyzes how the party’s initial focus on information politics and social media connects to a wider range of political issues and to other social movements, such as Arab Spring protests and Occupy Wall Street. Finally, it discusses how this challenges the understanding of information politics as a single issue agenda.

  • 29.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Piracy, Globalisation and the Colonisation of the Commons2012In: Global Media Journal : Australian Edition, ISSN 1835-2340, E-ISSN 1835-2340, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade piracy has become a source of constant debate. While copyright organisations describe piracy as simple theft, others regard it as a legitimate form of cultural consumption in a digital environment. Piracy is, however, not a phenomenon unique to digital media of the 21st century. This article takes the history of copyright and piracy as a starting point for a discussion about piracy as a cultural and political phenomenon that goes beyond the contemporary preoccupation with particular piratical practices such as file sharing. It seeks to show how copyright and piracy are integrated aspects of modern society, equally situated in the urban, social space of the modern city and the global, geopolitical landscape of colonialism in the past and the present. One might call it a study of how piracy is constituted in space over time.

    The article sets out with a short overview of the colonial heritage of copyright, followed by a discussion of the re-contextualisation of copyright within the structures of international trade relations in the 1990s, moving on to discuss how this positioned piracy within a postcolonial order of power. It concludes with a brief discussion of how piracy has become an integrated part of everyday life in contemporary, postcolonial cities and how this development reflects piracy's role in the process of late capitalist globalisation.

  • 30.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pirate Politics between protest movement and the parliament2016In: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early days of parliamentary democracy, political movements have tried to cometo terms with the conflict between the struggle for radical political change and the need tobe accepted as a respectable alternative within parliamentary politics. This paper analyzeshow this conflict has played out in the Pirate Party: a political party focusing on issues ofcopyright, surveillance, access to information, and right to privacy in a digital age. Sincethe first Pirate Party was formed in Sweden in 2006, national pirate parties haveemerged across Europe, North America and Australia, and they have occasionally wonrepresentation in different parliaments.This article looks at how the Pirate Party has handled the tensions between radical andreformist fractions, contextualized within contemporary social movement theories. Theconflicts have largely dealt with colliding principles for political organization whereconventional party structures are challenged by new, and assumingly less hierarchic,forms of interaction and decision making inspired by radical, digital protests movements.This study rests on a series of interviews with Pirate Party members in Sweden, the USAand Germany. It analyses the interviews in relation to Ulrich Beck’s and MariaBakardjieva’s theories on subpolitics and subactivism, asking why a movement thatcomes across as the prototype for a decentered, networked, subpolitical movementdecides to organize as a parliamentary political party and what consequences that has hadfor the Pirate Party.

  • 31.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pirates, Librarian and Open Source Capitalists: New Alliances in the Copyright Wars2015In: Copyrighting Creativity: Creative Values, Cultural Heritage Institutions and Systems of Intellectual Property / [ed] Helle Porsdam, Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, p. 153-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Piratkopiering hade anhängare redan på 1800-talet2010In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Upphovsrätten har levt ett farligt liv alltsedan mitten av 1800-talet. Utifrån skiftande utgångspunkter och politiska hemvister har kritikerna ifrågasatt om upphovsrätten är förenlig med konstnärlig frihet och hävdat att piratkopiering är en kulturell och ekonomisk rättighet. Socialdemokratiska riksdagsmän har velat avskaffa upphovsrätten eftersom den hindrar kulturens spridning till de breda folklagren. Även förläggare har anfört omsorg om folkbildningen då de hävdat rätten att publicera översättningar utan att ersätta författarna. Den breda uppslutning bakom upphovsrättens principer som fanns år 1960, då dagens upphovsrättslag instiftades, framstår som en historisk parentes.

  • 33.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skapandets rätt: ett kulturvetenskapligt perspektiv på den svenska upphovsrättens historia2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Rights of Creativity is a study of Swedish copyright history from the birth of Sweden’s first copyright legislation in the early 19th century to the passing of the current law in 1960. As the title suggests, the law is regarded as part of a wider cultural context and the dissertation moves beyond the borders of legal history and analyses the law in relation to the history of literature, film, television and other media that partly reflect and partly intersect with the legislative process. The main object of the study is to see how the author is constructed in legal and cultural discourses during the 19th and 20th century.

    The dissertation focuses on three Swedish copyright laws from 1877, 1919 and 1960, but these laws and their preambles are also related to a few contemporary cultural intertexts, namely: August Strindberg’s novel Röda rummet [The Red Room] from 1879; the director Mauritz Stiller’s films Gunnar Hedes Saga [The Blizzard] and Gösta Berlings saga [The Saga of Gösta Berling] from 1923 and 1924, and finally the television shows Hylands hörna and Skäggen from 1962 and 1963. Apart from this it also pays some attention to the Freedom of the Press Act from 1810 that came to include Sweden’s first copyright statement, as well as to the development after 1960. Eventually it aims to show how the historical legacy has affected the copyright legislation and debates of today.

  • 34.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skönheten och odjuret: En kultursociologisk essä om Horace och Stig2009In: Kulturellt: Reflektioner i Erling Bjurströms anda, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2009, p. 78-87Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden and Beyond: The Pirate Party and Non-Media-Centric Media Politics2019In: Transnational Media: Concepts and Cases / [ed] Suman Mishra & Rebecca Kern-Stone, Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2019, p. 191-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Avant-Gardist, the Male Genius and the Proprietor2007In: Nordlit, ISSN 1503-2086, Vol. 21, p. 275-284Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the title suggests, this article will deal not only with the avant-garde and the romantic idea of geniality but also with the much more mundane concept of literary property. Even though the law might seem alien to the lofty ideals of the avant-garde artist, the construction of the creative genius and the birth of copyright will eventually prove to be quite closely connected. But before I move on to the legal part I would like to start with the essentials: with the author, or the artist. The American artist John de Andreas sculpture The Artist and his model from 1980 is probably one of the most revealing pictures of the avant-gardist selfconception ever made. This is a picture of the artist at work, but I will argue it can also be regarded as a legal character. What meets the eye is however very far from the law as we know it. de Andreas sculpture is a self-portrait of the artist at work: a highly naturalistic full-scale portrait of two people. One of them is a naked woman, resting casually on a white socket and looking down on the other who is a fully dressed man. As the title clearly states, the sculpture depicts the classical relation between The Artist and his Model, and it is no coincidence that the artist has a male pronoun and the model a female body. The roles of the artist and his model are traditional stereotypes which we can find in most books on art history - one is an artist and the other is a model; one is a man and the other is a woman; one is dressed and the other one is undressed.

  • 37.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The End of Piracy. Rethinking the History of German Print Piracy in the Early Nineteenth Century2017In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 138, p. 142-146Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Pirate Party and the Politics of Communication2015In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 9, p. 909-924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on a series of interviews with members of the Pirate Party, a political party focusing on copyright and information politics, in different countries. It discusses the interviewees’ visions of democracy and technology and explains that copyright is seen as not only an obstacle to the free consumption of music and movies but a threat to the freedom of speech, the right to privacy, and a thriving public sphere. The first part of this article briefly sketches how the Pirate Party’s commitment to the democratic potential of new communication technologies can be interpreted as a defense of a digitally expanded lifeworld against the attempts at colonization by market forces and state bureaucracies. The second part problematizes this assumption by discussing the interactions between the Pirate movement and the tech industry in relation to recent theories on the connection between political agency and social media.

  • 39.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unsterblich: Om författarens död2012In: Senmoderna reflexioner: Festskrift till Johan Fornäs / [ed] Erling Bjurström, Martin Fredriksson, Ulf Olsson, Ann Werner, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, p. 35-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Late modern reflexions: Festschrift for Johan Fornäs is an anthology of more than twenty essays dedicated to Johan Fornäs on his 60th birthday 7th of mars 2012. Several of the articles included take Johan Fornäs’ books as their starting point, while others are related, in different ways, to his wide and diverse interests. The book is divided into four thematic parts, dealing with "Theoretical Practices", “Medial Practices”. “Aesthetic Practices” and “Literary Practices”. Articles included under ”Theoretical Practices” discuss different aspects of hermenutics, culturalization, and cultural capital. ”Medial Practices” offers studies of contemporary media phenomena, relating them to questions of democracy and politics.”Aesthetic Practices” include contributions that discuss the function of different cultural practices in the public sphere. The last section, ”Literary Practices”, takes a closer look at both select literary texts and the discourses surrounding them. Most of the Articles are written in Swedish, with the exception of three articles in English.

  • 40.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Upphovsrätten - Ett civilisationsprojekt i sönderfall?2012In: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: Problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002–2012: Tema Q jubileumssymposium 19-20 januari 2012, Norrköping Sweden / [ed] Svante Beckman, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, p. 142-145Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, James
    Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Commons, Piracy and the Crisis of Property2016In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 132-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes the politicisation of copyright and file sharing as a starting point to discuss the concept of the commons and the construction of property. Empirically, the article draws on a series of interviews with Pirate Party members in Sweden, Australia, Germany, the UK and USA; placed in the theoretical framework of the commons. We argue that piracy, as an act and an ideology, interrogates common understandings of property as something self-evident, natural and uncontestable. Such constructions found liberal market ideology. The article has two broad aims: to outline the different phases of enclosure, from the physical commons, to the institutional and finally the cultural commons; and to discuss the way that piracy highlights the emergent crisis in private property rights, brought to the fore by the global financial crisis and ongoing privatization of public resources. We conclude by questioning what new modes of enclosure are emerging in a digital economy driven by excessive data mining and centralized streaming services.

  • 42.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, James
    University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    On Piracy2014In: Piracy: Lekages from Modernity / [ed] Martin Fredriksson & James Arvanitakis, Sacramento, CA: Litwin Books , 2014, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Piracy" is a concept that seems everywhere in the contemporary world. From the big screen with the dashing Jack Sparrow, to the dangers off the coast of Somalia; from the claims by the Motion Picture Association of America that piracy funds terrorism, to the political impact of pirate parties in countries like Sweden and Germany. While the spread of piracy provokes responses from the shipping and copyright industries, the reverse is also true: for every new development in capitalist technologies, some sort of "piracy" moment emerges.

    This is maybe most obvious in the current ideologisation of Internet piracy where the rapid spread of so called Pirate Parties is developing into a kind of global political movement. While the pirates of Somalia seem a long way removed from Internet pirates illegally downloading the latest music hit or, it is the assertion of this book that such developments indicate a complex interplay between capital flows and relations, late modernity, property rights and spaces of contestation. That is, piracy seems to emerge at specific nodes in capitalist relations that create both blockages and leaks between different social actors.

  • 43.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, JamesUniversity of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Piracy: Leakages from modernity2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Piracy" is a concept that seems everywhere in the contemporary world. From the big screen with the dashing Jack Sparrow, to the dangers off the coast of Somalia; from the claims by the Motion Picture Association of America that piracy funds terrorism, to the political impact of pirate parties in countries like Sweden and Germany. While the spread of piracy provokes responses from the shipping and copyright industries, the reverse is also true: for every new development in capitalist technologies, some sort of "piracy" moment emerges.

    This is maybe most obvious in the current ideologisation of Internet piracy where the rapid spread of so called Pirate Parties is developing into a kind of global political movement. While the pirates of Somalia seem a long way removed from Internet pirates illegally downloading the latest music hit or, it is the assertion of this book that such developments indicate a complex interplay between capital flows and relations, late modernity, property rights and spaces of contestation. That is, piracy seems to emerge at specific nodes in capitalist relations that create both blockages and leaks between different social actors.

    These various aspects of piracy form the focus for this book, entitled Piracy: Leakages from Modernity. It is meant to be a collection of texts that takes a broad perspective on piracy and attempts to capture the multidimensional impacts of piracy on capitalist society today. The book is edited by James Arvanitakis at the University of Western Sydney and Martin Fredriksson at Linköping University, Sweden.

  • 44.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, James
    University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Piracy, Property and the Crisis of Democracy2015In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 135-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A political battle is being waged over the use and control of culture and information. While media companies and copyright organisations argue for stricter intellectual property laws, a growing body of citizens challenge the contemporary IP-regime. This has seen a political mobilisation of piracy. Pirate parties see themselves as a digital civil rights movement, defending the public domain and the citizen’s right to privacy against copyright expansionism and increased surveillance. Since the first pirate party was formed in Sweden in 2006, similar parties have emerged across the world. This article draws on a study of the culture and ideology of copyright resistance, through interviews with pirate party representatives in Europe and North America. It focuses on challenges to democracy, and the distinction between public and private property and spaces, in the wake of the war on terror and the global financial crisis.

  • 45.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, JamesWestern Sydney University, Australia.
    Property, Place and Piracy2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book takes the concept of piracy as a starting point to discuss the instabilityof property as a social construction and how this is spatially situated. Piracyis understood as acts and practices that emerge in zones where the constructionand definition of property is ambiguous. Media piracy is a frequently usedexample where file-sharersand copyright holders argue whether culture andinformation is a common resource to be freely shared or property to be protected.This book highlights that this is not a dilemma unique to immaterialresources: concepts such as property, ownership and the rights of use are just asdiffuse when it comes to spatial resources such as land, water, air or urban space.By structuring the book around this heterogeneous understanding of piracy asan analytical perspective, the editors and contributors advance a transdisciplinaryand multi-theoreticalapproach to place and property. In doing so, thebook moves from theoretical discussions on commons and property to empiricalcases concerning access to and appropriation of land, natural and culturalresources. The chapters cover areas such as maritime piracy, the philosophicaland legal foundations of property rights, mining and land rights, biopiracy andtraditional knowledge, indigenous rights, colonization of space, military expansionismand the enclosure of urban space.This book is essential reading for a variety of disciplines including indigenousstudies, cultural studies, geography, political economy, law, environmentalstudies and all readers concerned with piracy and the ambiguity of property.

  • 46.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fornäs, JohanLinköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inter: A European cultural studies conference in Sweden, Norrköping 11-13 June 20072007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Inter: A European Cultural Studies Conference in Sweden” took place in Norrköping, Sweden, 11–13 June, 2007. It was organised by the Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden (ACSIS), Linköping University’s national centre for interdisciplinary and transnational networking in this research field. Some 240 scholars participated from many parts of the world, with papers in almost 50 sessions, covering a wide range of subfields of cultural studies today. The plenary sessions focused on three main directions of border-crossing in late modern culture and cultural research. (1) Geographical relations between countries, particularly within Europe. (2) Historical interfaces between past and present, in processes of culturalisation whereby cultural aspect appear to become increasingly important and the past is put to use. (3) Interdisciplinary links between areas of research.

  • 47.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hemmungs Wirtén, Eva
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stead, Naomi
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Publishing for Public Knowledge2015In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 7, p. 558-564Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic publishing is a strange business. One might hope and expect that most scholars, regardless of discipline, would see it as one of their major academic du-ties to share their findings, and to interact with their peers and the general popu-lace, via literal public-ation – the making-public of new knowledge. But even with such lofty ideals, the realpolitik of where, when, and how academics publish their scholarly work – based on the contemporary pressures and tensions of funding environments, the quantification and metricisation of scholarly work, and mecha-nisms for recognition and career reward – can lead to some curious and even per-verse effects.

  • 48.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns Högskola.
    Johannisson, Jenny
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Culture Unbound Vol. 3 Editoria2011In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3, p. 5-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, James
    Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Commons, Piracy and Property: Crisis, Conflict and Resistance2017In: Property, Place and Piracy / [ed] James Arvanitakis & Martin Fredriksson, Routledge, 2017, p. 23-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arvanitakis, James
    Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Epilogue: Property, Place and Piracy2017In: Property, Place and Piracy, Routledge, 2017, p. 231-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 51
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