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  • 1.
    Jonsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    - Snälla kan jag få känna?: Pedagagogers syn på framgångsfaktorer vid undervisning inom statlig Specialskola med inriktning syn.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe perceptions and experiences from the [1] pedagogue’s perspective referred to as the respondents when teaching [2]severely visually impaired students with autism spectrum disorder. The respondents taking part of this study are teaching at public special schools focused on visual impairment. A qualitative methodology phemenography has been applied when collecting and analyzing empirical data.

       A common view of the respondents of the study indicate that availability, perceptivity, complicity, co-creativity, communication and collaboration are fundamental key success factors when teaching. Students with severe visual impairment and autism spectrum disorder often show an anomalistic behavior during complicity. Complicity should therefore be viewed from a holistic perspective, and as a possibility for the student to impact the teaching to achieve best possible result. Teaching should be based on motivation and interest. The respondents of the study perceive it varies what approach they have decided to apply for their teaching. One respondent deviated from the rest in terms of knowledge sharing.

       Common knowledge in terms of approach and methods, in addition to an understanding of the impact visual impairment in combination with autism spectrum disorder is believed to be crucial to find strategies for successful teaching. All respondents agreed that a topical way of working is a key success factor when teaching. A topical work procedure increases comprehension when combined with working with concrete tasks, emphasize with audio, tactile material and by video record lectures.

       Audio is of crucial importance. Some of the respondents indicated that “Guiding Collaboration/ICDP” was a key success factor when teaching. The majority of the respondents perceived that the headmaster assumes an administrative function. Student medical services is perceived as concerned despite a multi-facetted role at the school. The respondents had a common view that knowledge about the target group and past experience of development over time are important, and that development focused on accessible and available places for education are favored by knowledge within the field of visual impairment. Research combined with proven experience visualize key success factors when teaching severely visually impaired students with autism spectrum disorder.

    [1] Definition pedagogue in this study includes special pedagogues, special teachers and pedagogue assistants, therapists. Due to confidentiality, the term “pedagogue” has been used for all these groups. See sample.

    [2]Within special pedagogic agency of education, classification and categorization of visual impairment are applied according to WHO and Socialstyrelsen (valid from January 1st 2010) (https://www.spsm.se/funktionsnedsattningar/synnedsattning/kategorier-av-synnedsattning/).[Hämtad 2017-03-13].

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