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  • 1.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part I-A Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 825Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article departs from the perspective of Swedish regional transport authorities and focuses on the public procurement of bus transports. Many of these public organizations on the county level have the ambition to contribute to a transition involving the continued marginalization of fossil fuels and improved sustainability performance. However, there are several renewable bus technologies to choose between and it can be difficult to know what alternative (or combination) is preferable. Prior research and the authors experiences indicate a need for improved knowledge and supportive methods on how sustainability assessments can support public procurement processes. The purpose of this article is to develop a multi-criteria assessment (MCA) method to support assessments of public bus technologies sustainability. The method, which was established in an iterative and participatory process, consists of four key areas and 12 indicators. The article introduces the problem context and reviews selected prior research of relevance dealing with green or sustainable public procurement and sustainability assessments. Further on, the process and MCA method are presented and discussed based on advice for effective and efficient sustainability assessments. In the companion article (Part II), the MCA method is applied to assess several bus technologies involving biodiesel, biomethane, diesel, electricity, ethanol and natural gas.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 2.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Biogas-based fuels as renewable energy in the transport sector: an overview of the potential of using CBG, LBG and other vehicle fuels produced from biogas2022In: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 587-599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy supply in the world needs to change from fossil fuels to renewable alternatives. Biogas is such a renewable alternative, and there is potential to increase the biogas production in the world. In recent decades, many countries have increasingly been upgrading biogas to vehicle fuel. In the last few years, the interest has also increased in liquefying biogas for heavier transports. Biogas can also be a raw material for other fuels by gasifying the biogas, for example Fischer-Tropsch fuels, methanol, dimethyl ether and hydrogen. This study provides an overview of vehicle fuels that can be produced from biogas, their technological maturity and their respective potentials as substitutes for fossil fuels in the transport system. A common factor for all of them is that they are most often produced from fossil fuels. Compressed and liquefied methane are the only fuels being commercially produced using biogas. The other fuels all have strengths that both compressed and liquefied methane lack, for example the possibility of emission-free fuel cell vehicles. However, they are all less mature technologies than compressed and liquefied methane. The greatest short-term potential is thus for expanded use of biogas as compressed and liquefied biomethane.

  • 3. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Decision-making and decision support connected to biogas use in Sweden2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Human activities cause many sustainability challenges in the world, which need to be dealt with. One way to decrease the negative impacts related to those challenges is by replacing currently dominating technologies with better, alternative technologies. However, such shifts are not easy to achieve – for example, each new user has to make a decision to start using the technology.The aim of this thesis is to contribute to a greater understanding of what the decisions to use alternative technologies are based on and how the decisions can be supported. In order to achieve this aim, the thesis focuses on the decisions of private companies’ and public organizations in Sweden of whether or not to use biogas in Sweden. The thesis is based upon six appended papers, which are used for addressing three research questions: How do biogas compare to other potential alternatives? Why do decision-makers in Sweden find it interesting to use biogas, and what makes them hesitant? And, how can decision support be used in decision-making to deal with complexities connected to biogas decisions?It is concluded that biogas has environmental and social advantages compared to several other renewable alternatives, but that it can be more expensive. The technical maturity of biogas use depends partly upon the usage area – biomethane buses is a mature area while heavy trucks is less mature. Biogas is perceived by decision-makers as a good environmental option and a better long-term solution than several other renewable alternatives since there are investments done and since the policymakers seem positive towards biogas. Public organizations tend to look at the broader positive aspects of biogas, such as energy security and nutrient recovery, while private companies tend to be more focused on biogas as an environmental action that can benefit the image of the company. However, decision-makers can be hesitant towards biogas due to economic or policy aspects or a lack of technical maturity. The decision-makers can also experience a lack of knowledge that makes them uncertain about biogas. Decision support can help the decision-makers in different ways, with different tools being more suitable for different parts of the complexities connected to biogas decisions. Multi-criteria assessments can help the decision-maker focus on several impacts at once and making the decision process transparent for trade-offs, while socio-technical scenarios can help the decision-maker understand how the wanted changes can be realized.

    List of papers
    1. Biogas-based fuels as renewable energy in the transport sector: an overview of the potential of using CBG, LBG and other vehicle fuels produced from biogas
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biogas-based fuels as renewable energy in the transport sector: an overview of the potential of using CBG, LBG and other vehicle fuels produced from biogas
    2022 (English)In: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 587-599Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The energy supply in the world needs to change from fossil fuels to renewable alternatives. Biogas is such a renewable alternative, and there is potential to increase the biogas production in the world. In recent decades, many countries have increasingly been upgrading biogas to vehicle fuel. In the last few years, the interest has also increased in liquefying biogas for heavier transports. Biogas can also be a raw material for other fuels by gasifying the biogas, for example Fischer-Tropsch fuels, methanol, dimethyl ether and hydrogen. This study provides an overview of vehicle fuels that can be produced from biogas, their technological maturity and their respective potentials as substitutes for fossil fuels in the transport system. A common factor for all of them is that they are most often produced from fossil fuels. Compressed and liquefied methane are the only fuels being commercially produced using biogas. The other fuels all have strengths that both compressed and liquefied methane lack, for example the possibility of emission-free fuel cell vehicles. However, they are all less mature technologies than compressed and liquefied methane. The greatest short-term potential is thus for expanded use of biogas as compressed and liquefied biomethane.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2022
    Keywords
    Biogas; transport; biogas-based fuels; compressed biomethane; liquefied biomethane
    National Category
    Energy Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-171055 (URN)10.1080/17597269.2020.1821571 (DOI)000574388000001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Energy Agency; Linkoping University; SLU

    Available from: 2020-11-01 Created: 2020-11-01 Last updated: 2022-10-06
    2. Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    2022 (English)In: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary environmental problems require a transition to renewable energy. Biogas is one alternative, which besides being renewable has many other benefits. For further expansion of biogas production, it seems necessary to develop new areas of biogas usage where biogas can replace fossil fuels. This article presents an analysis of the drivers for and barriers to increased biogas usage in three sectors where biogas usage is undeveloped in Sweden: manufacturing, road transport and shipping. Several of the identified drivers and barriers, such as unstable and short-term policies, lack of infrastructure, and contract requirements, have also been found in previous studies even though they may be slightly different depending on the context. A new driver observed in this study is that of intergenerational thinking in family-owned businesses. The study also reiterates the significant influence of policy in the form of subsidies, tax exemptions and regulations on the adoption and use of renewable energy in general and biogas specifically. The results suggest the need for future policymaking to be guided by long-term trajectories, which can be a relevant basis for adopters to make investments into biogas technologies.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2022
    Keywords
    Renewable energy, diffusion, biogas, Sweden
    National Category
    Bioenergy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162032 (URN)10.1080/17597269.2019.1657661 (DOI)000492055300001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Biogas Research Center (BRC); Environmental Bus Project; Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Energy Agency; Linkoping University; VinnovaVinnova; SLU

    Available from: 2019-11-18 Created: 2019-11-18 Last updated: 2022-09-26
    3. Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part I-A Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part I-A Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies
    2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 825Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article departs from the perspective of Swedish regional transport authorities and focuses on the public procurement of bus transports. Many of these public organizations on the county level have the ambition to contribute to a transition involving the continued marginalization of fossil fuels and improved sustainability performance. However, there are several renewable bus technologies to choose between and it can be difficult to know what alternative (or combination) is preferable. Prior research and the authors experiences indicate a need for improved knowledge and supportive methods on how sustainability assessments can support public procurement processes. The purpose of this article is to develop a multi-criteria assessment (MCA) method to support assessments of public bus technologies sustainability. The method, which was established in an iterative and participatory process, consists of four key areas and 12 indicators. The article introduces the problem context and reviews selected prior research of relevance dealing with green or sustainable public procurement and sustainability assessments. Further on, the process and MCA method are presented and discussed based on advice for effective and efficient sustainability assessments. In the companion article (Part II), the MCA method is applied to assess several bus technologies involving biodiesel, biomethane, diesel, electricity, ethanol and natural gas.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    MDPI, 2021
    Keywords
    bus technologies; multi-criteria assessment; MCA; MCDA; public transport; sustainability assessment; sustainable or green public procurement
    National Category
    Environmental Management
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-173415 (URN)10.3390/su13020825 (DOI)000611770700001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Energy Agency of Sweden; Linkoping University; Swedish University of Agriculture

    Available from: 2021-02-20 Created: 2021-02-20 Last updated: 2022-02-10
    4. Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part II - Applying a Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part II - Applying a Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies
    2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 1273Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Many Swedish regional transport authorities want bus fleets driven on renewable fuels. However, it may be difficult to know what technology, or combination of technologies, to choose. There is a need for improved knowledge and supportive methods for sustainability assessments that can support public procurement processes. In the companion article (Part I), a multi-criteria assessment (MCA) method for assessments of public bus technologies sustainability was established, consisting of four key areas and 12 indicators. In this article, the purpose is to apply the method established in part I on different bus technologies by looking at a general Swedish case and assessing buses driven on diesel, Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME), ethanol, natural gas, biomethane and electricity. Each technology is assessed on a scale from Very Poor to Very Good according to the indicators: technical maturity, daily operational availability, total cost of ownership, need for investments in infrastructure, cost stability, non-renewable primary energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emission savings, air pollution, noise, local/regional impact on land and aquatic environments, energy security and sociotechnical systems services. The results show the strengths and weaknesses of each technology, which are later discussed. We also critically reflect upon the usefulness and accuracy of the MCA method.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    MDPI, 2021
    Keywords
    bus technologies; multi-criteria assessment; MCA; MCDA; public transport; sustainability assessment; sustainable or green public procurement
    National Category
    Energy Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-174135 (URN)10.3390/su13031273 (DOI)000615680300001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Energy Agency of Sweden; Swedish University of Agriculture; Linkoping University

    Available from: 2021-03-15 Created: 2021-03-15 Last updated: 2022-02-10
    5. Socio-technical scenarios and local practice: Assessing the future use of fossil-free alternatives in a regional energy and transport system
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socio-technical scenarios and local practice: Assessing the future use of fossil-free alternatives in a regional energy and transport system
    2020 (English)In: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from a project involving local practitioners in the construction of scenarios for a regional energy and transport system. The purpose is to demonstrate how sustainability transitions research can interact with local practice by means of socio-technical scenarios. Combining quantitative data with qualitative storylines, the article presents four scenarios, which describe different ways of using biogas, biodiesel and electricity in four different applications: city buses, inter-city buses, heavy-duty trucks and industrial processes. The article compares the four scenarios in terms of realization possibilities, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction. Focusing on nearterm realization on a commercial basis, the research findings suggest that collaborative scenario construction can be a useful strategy to manage conflicting agendas and engage key stakeholders in dialogues on transition pathways. The article concludes by presenting policy lessons for practice-oriented transition management. The lessons point to the importance of flexibility in system delineations, the critical timing of near-term scenarios, and the use of scenarios to outline local practitioners' agency.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2020
    Keywords
    Socio-technical scenario Redeployment Biofuels Electric bus Transition management Arena
    National Category
    Energy Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-165756 (URN)10.1016/j.trip.2020.100128 (DOI)001093219100001 ()2-s2.0-85084598893 (Scopus ID)
    Funder
    Vinnova, 2015-03536Swedish Energy Agency, 2018-010740
    Available from: 2020-05-19 Created: 2020-05-19 Last updated: 2024-06-12Bibliographically approved
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  • 4. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The role of biogas in a more sustainable energy system in Sweden2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are numerous problems in the world that need to be dealt with in order to achieve sustainable development. The energy system has significant negative impacts on many of these problems, and there is a need for a transition towards more sustainable energy. Sweden has already started this transition and is using large amounts of renewable energy. However, within the transport sector and the manufacturing sector in particular, large amounts of fossil fuels are still used. Biogas is one alternative that can help solve several sustainability problems and that could be part of a future more sustainable energy system. However, it is not certain what biogas is most suitable to be used for.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how biogas should be used in a future more sustainable energy system, by answering three research questions: 1) In what ways can biogas be used in a more sustainable energy system? 2) How can we assess whether biogas is suitable in a specific context? and 3) What determines whether it is easy or difficult for a user to start using biogas? These questions are explored in a Swedish context using four appended articles, which are based on two collaborative projects using a combination of workshops, literature reviews and interviews.

    Biogas can be used for heat, electricity or fuel in the manufacturing or transport sector. In Sweden, heat and electricity are mainly of interest for smaller production scales, while production on larger scales will likely be dominated by upgrading mostly to CBG but also to LBG. CBG can be used for less energy-intensive purposes, such as cars or buses, while the growing interest in LBG in Sweden may open up new market segments for biogas which are more energy-intensive, such as heavy trucks or shipping, or in geographical locations that are further away from the site of production.

    Several sustainability assessment methods exist that can be used to evaluate whether biogas is suitable in a specific context, such as multi-criteria assessments or scenario analyses. These methods can include a number of different aspects that are relevant to biogas use, such as GHG emissions, safety issues, and the vitality of the surrounding region. In order to introduce biogas, six main factors were identified that can make this easier or more difficult: technical maturity, tank volume, distance between the producer and the user, scale of energy use, policies and costs, and strategies of individual organizations.

    Overall, the rise in LBG production creates new opportunities for biogas use in both geographical and usage areas that did not previously use biogas. There is no simple answer to what biogas should be used for in the future – rather, this depends on the circumstances. It is also possible that the usage areas that are most suitable now for biogas might not be the most suitable areas in the future, depending on developments within, for example, the electricity system and hydrogen. However, CBG and LBG are likely to dominate biogas production in Sweden until then.

    List of papers
    1. Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    2022 (English)In: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary environmental problems require a transition to renewable energy. Biogas is one alternative, which besides being renewable has many other benefits. For further expansion of biogas production, it seems necessary to develop new areas of biogas usage where biogas can replace fossil fuels. This article presents an analysis of the drivers for and barriers to increased biogas usage in three sectors where biogas usage is undeveloped in Sweden: manufacturing, road transport and shipping. Several of the identified drivers and barriers, such as unstable and short-term policies, lack of infrastructure, and contract requirements, have also been found in previous studies even though they may be slightly different depending on the context. A new driver observed in this study is that of intergenerational thinking in family-owned businesses. The study also reiterates the significant influence of policy in the form of subsidies, tax exemptions and regulations on the adoption and use of renewable energy in general and biogas specifically. The results suggest the need for future policymaking to be guided by long-term trajectories, which can be a relevant basis for adopters to make investments into biogas technologies.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2022
    Keywords
    Renewable energy, diffusion, biogas, Sweden
    National Category
    Bioenergy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162032 (URN)10.1080/17597269.2019.1657661 (DOI)000492055300001 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Biogas Research Center (BRC); Environmental Bus Project; Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Energy Agency; Linkoping University; VinnovaVinnova; SLU

    Available from: 2019-11-18 Created: 2019-11-18 Last updated: 2022-09-26
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  • 5.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Environmental Considerations Regarding Freight Transport among Buyers of Transport Services in Sweden2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 18, article id 11244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Freight transport has substantial negative environmental and health impacts, and buyers of transport services can make these impacts greener. This article aims at improving our understanding of transport buyers environmental considerations. The study was based on interviews with 11 buyers of transport services in Sweden, dealing with the motives behind their sustainability work and specific environmental requirements for freight transport, including requirements for renewable fuels. In line with previous studies, we found service reliability to be a top priority. Branding appears to be a central driver motivating companies environmental strategies, along with pressure from both internal and external stakeholders. The relationship between transport buyers and transport providers (carriers or freight forwarders) was found to be a potential barrier to environmental developments. Several interviewees stressed difficulties in influencing certain transport providers, and some of the buyers turned to smaller carriers to achieve more notable improvements. All participants had goals of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, but without more specific frames, this has led to the use of biodiesel. Specific requirements are needed if another energy carrier should be used, such as biomethane or electricity. Long-term contracts may be a way for transport buyers to enable the transport providers to make the necessary investments.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 6.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sustainability Assessment of Public Transport, Part II - Applying a Multi-Criteria Assessment Method to Compare Different Bus Technologies2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 1273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Swedish regional transport authorities want bus fleets driven on renewable fuels. However, it may be difficult to know what technology, or combination of technologies, to choose. There is a need for improved knowledge and supportive methods for sustainability assessments that can support public procurement processes. In the companion article (Part I), a multi-criteria assessment (MCA) method for assessments of public bus technologies sustainability was established, consisting of four key areas and 12 indicators. In this article, the purpose is to apply the method established in part I on different bus technologies by looking at a general Swedish case and assessing buses driven on diesel, Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME), ethanol, natural gas, biomethane and electricity. Each technology is assessed on a scale from Very Poor to Very Good according to the indicators: technical maturity, daily operational availability, total cost of ownership, need for investments in infrastructure, cost stability, non-renewable primary energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emission savings, air pollution, noise, local/regional impact on land and aquatic environments, energy security and sociotechnical systems services. The results show the strengths and weaknesses of each technology, which are later discussed. We also critically reflect upon the usefulness and accuracy of the MCA method.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective2022In: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary environmental problems require a transition to renewable energy. Biogas is one alternative, which besides being renewable has many other benefits. For further expansion of biogas production, it seems necessary to develop new areas of biogas usage where biogas can replace fossil fuels. This article presents an analysis of the drivers for and barriers to increased biogas usage in three sectors where biogas usage is undeveloped in Sweden: manufacturing, road transport and shipping. Several of the identified drivers and barriers, such as unstable and short-term policies, lack of infrastructure, and contract requirements, have also been found in previous studies even though they may be slightly different depending on the context. A new driver observed in this study is that of intergenerational thinking in family-owned businesses. The study also reiterates the significant influence of policy in the form of subsidies, tax exemptions and regulations on the adoption and use of renewable energy in general and biogas specifically. The results suggest the need for future policymaking to be guided by long-term trajectories, which can be a relevant basis for adopters to make investments into biogas technologies.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Socio-technical scenarios and local practice: Assessing the future use of fossil-free alternatives in a regional energy and transport system2020In: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from a project involving local practitioners in the construction of scenarios for a regional energy and transport system. The purpose is to demonstrate how sustainability transitions research can interact with local practice by means of socio-technical scenarios. Combining quantitative data with qualitative storylines, the article presents four scenarios, which describe different ways of using biogas, biodiesel and electricity in four different applications: city buses, inter-city buses, heavy-duty trucks and industrial processes. The article compares the four scenarios in terms of realization possibilities, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction. Focusing on nearterm realization on a commercial basis, the research findings suggest that collaborative scenario construction can be a useful strategy to manage conflicting agendas and engage key stakeholders in dialogues on transition pathways. The article concludes by presenting policy lessons for practice-oriented transition management. The lessons point to the importance of flexibility in system delineations, the critical timing of near-term scenarios, and the use of scenarios to outline local practitioners' agency.

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