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  • 1.
    Holzscheiter, Anna
    et al.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Germany.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Child rights governance: An introduction2019In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 271-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this special issue, we explore child rights governance as the intersection between the study of governance and the study of children, childhood, and childrens rights. Our introduction puts forward a set of theoretical points of departure for the study of child rights governance, engaging with scholarship on human rights, international relations, history, and governance. It links the individual contributions to this special issue with four central dimensions of child rights governance, namely: temporality, spatiality, subjectivity, and normativity.

  • 2.
    Holzscheiter, Anna
    et al.
    Technical University Dresden, Germany.
    Josefsson, JonathanLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Sandin, BengtLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Childhood: Special issue, Child rights governance2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barndom och Migration, Bokanmälan, Maren Bak och Kerstin von Brömssen red,2014In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, no 1, p. 73-75Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Children as Moral Subjects in Ethics of Migration2012In: Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012 / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, Vol. 097, p. 147-160Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011 almost 50% of the displaced persons around the world were children but still there is a lack of migration research about children’s experiences; roles and perspectives (Special issue in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies Volume 37 Issue 8 2011). The aim of this paper is first and foremost to demonstrate how the leading theories and debates in the debate about ethics of migration lack a discussion of children as moral beings in their own right and that the debate is characterized by an adult discourse and traditional rooted assumptions about children. Secondly; the paper argues that the ethics of migration should acknowledge children as moral beings with agency; interests; rights and experiences in their own right. If children´s rights are acknowledged as morally relevant and if ethical theory should play a relevant role in the future debate of migration and policymaking then it is crucial to take a critical view on the construction of children as moral beings. Thirdly; the paper examines what the implications of future research in ethics of migration can be; if children are acknowledged as moral subjects in their own right.

    In migration research children are traditionally represented as “passive; needy and different” (Ibid p. 1159). When children are in focus it is often in a fragmented fashion; with a perspective on children as future adults and as passive members of the family. However we can see an increased interest in challenging the traditional rooted assumptions about children in the latest years in the field of migration research as well as in some fields of philosophy. We have not yet seen a similar development in the ethics of migration. This paper analyses some of the leading contributions in the debate about ethics of migration represented by particularly Joseph Carens and David Miller that represents arguments for and against open and restricted borders. The analysis demonstrates how children to a great extent is invisible and that their roles; interests and experiences to a great extent have been left out of the debate. When children are mentioned it is in a fragmented fashion; in an adult-centric discourse; portraying children as reduced to family members and as vulnerable with a special need of protection and care. The paper suggests that more expanded conceptions of children will lead to new and important ethical questions. It concludes that many theoretical questions remain unanswered about the moral status of children in the ethical debate about migration and that the case of children point at gaps and weaknesses in some of the dominating theories about borders. A way to fill these gaps is to a greater extent take into account existing empirical research on children in migration and a growing philosophical research interest in children as moral subjects. The recognition of children as moral beings in their own right is put forward as one way of making ethical theory more applicable and relevant to policymaking and research of migration in the future.

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  • 5. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Children at the Borders2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of a steady flow of child migrants attempting to cross borders and states’ efforts to restrict immigration, various public controversies have arisen about the rights of asylum-seeking children. The ‘moral gap’ between the outcome of democratically enacted laws and the aim of controlling immigration, on the one hand, and public calls to protect the universal rights of asylum seeking children, on the other, have created a political challenge for Western democracies. This thesis sets out to examine two particular settings in which norms about the rights of asylum-seeking children and immigration control have been established and contested over the years: the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal and Sweden’s largest morning paper, Dagens Nyheter. It combines empirically oriented analysis with theoretical enquiry, and it brings the issue of the rights of asylumseeking children into dialogue with the contemporary political-philosophical debate about membership, rights and borders.

    List of papers
    1. 'We beg you, let them stay!': Right claims of asylum-seeking children as a socio-political practice
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>'We beg you, let them stay!': Right claims of asylum-seeking children as a socio-political practice
    2017 (English)In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 316-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s rights to asylum have emerged as an urgent political challenge. This article uses a number of cases discussed in Sweden’s largest morning paper to analyse claims of asylum-seeking children and how these claims challenge the normative limits of contemporary asylum, concerning what and who ought to be recognized by law. Even though the universality of the child constitutes a running theme, the arguments and the conception of children underpinning the claims are diverse. The article suggests that the claiming of rights as a socio-political practice could be a vital analytical approach to studying children’s rights and offers a much needed alternative to the dominant mainstreaming paradigm.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    London: Sage Publications, 2017
    Keywords
    Asylum, children’s rights, citizenship, deportation, mainstreaming, right claims, socio-political practice
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations Ethics Media Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133237 (URN)10.1177/0907568216674785 (DOI)000407128200004 ()
    Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Children's Rights to Asylum and the Capability Approach
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's Rights to Asylum and the Capability Approach
    2016 (English)In: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 101-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The prospect of large populations of children migrating across national borders raises urgent political and ethical questions about childrens rights to asylum. In recent years, there has been an increase in scholarly interest in migrating children and childrens rights, but this interest has thus far been scant in political theory. The present article uses the Capability Approach to discuss childrens rights to asylum and to examine the prospects and limitations of the approach in this context. It underlines that, despite a global consensus on the rights of the child, the political and ethical challenges to childrens rights to asylum cannot be reduced to a question of the implementation of universal rights or capabilities of children a matter of technicalities or mainstreaming of legislation. Instead, the question of childrens rights to asylum is a highly political and ethical matter, characterized by ambivalent conceptualizations of children and conflicting interests that continue to pose a considerable challenge to the organisation of the international political and legal system. The Capability Approach has the potential to fill a theoretical gap with regard to childrens interests and the setting of threshold levels, although it continues to wrestle with questions of how to confront the asylum-seeking child as a political subject within well-functioning democracies and how to determine a specific list of capabilities and corresponding duties in deliberation between the right to self-determination of nation states and universal entitlements of children.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Peeters Publishers, 2016
    Keywords
    Children; migration; asylum; Capability Approach; childrens rights
    National Category
    Other Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128971 (URN)10.2143/EP.23.1.3141836 (DOI)000375827100005 ()
    Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2019-05-06
    3. Children's Rights to Asylum in the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's Rights to Asylum in the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal
    2017 (English)In: International Journal of Children's Rights, ISSN 0927-5568, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 85-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s rights to asylum have led to political controversies in a number of countries in recent years. This article focuses on the translation of nearly universally recognised children’s rights principles into a domestic practice of immigration control, and explores how legal norms regarding children’s rights to asylum have developed in the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal 2006–2013. Court decisions are analysed with a focus on the meanings given to the best interests of the child, how this is given weight against state interests of immigration control, and how children’s interests are given normative force. It is only in a small minority of cases in which the Best Interests Principle (BIP) in fact does have a decisive normative force in granting residence permits and the meanings and use of children’s interests in court argument makes evident that the BIP enables both the granting and denial of residence permits. The BIP is doing normative work in double directions.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Brill Nijhoff, 2017
    Keywords
    children’s rights; law; decision-making; migration; best interests of the child; Migration Court of Appeal; asylum
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139972 (URN)10.1163/15718182-02501009 (DOI)
    Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
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    Children at the Borders
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  • 6.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Children's Rights to Asylum and the Capability Approach2016In: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 101-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prospect of large populations of children migrating across national borders raises urgent political and ethical questions about childrens rights to asylum. In recent years, there has been an increase in scholarly interest in migrating children and childrens rights, but this interest has thus far been scant in political theory. The present article uses the Capability Approach to discuss childrens rights to asylum and to examine the prospects and limitations of the approach in this context. It underlines that, despite a global consensus on the rights of the child, the political and ethical challenges to childrens rights to asylum cannot be reduced to a question of the implementation of universal rights or capabilities of children a matter of technicalities or mainstreaming of legislation. Instead, the question of childrens rights to asylum is a highly political and ethical matter, characterized by ambivalent conceptualizations of children and conflicting interests that continue to pose a considerable challenge to the organisation of the international political and legal system. The Capability Approach has the potential to fill a theoretical gap with regard to childrens interests and the setting of threshold levels, although it continues to wrestle with questions of how to confront the asylum-seeking child as a political subject within well-functioning democracies and how to determine a specific list of capabilities and corresponding duties in deliberation between the right to self-determination of nation states and universal entitlements of children.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Children's Rights to Asylum in the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal2017In: International Journal of Children's Rights, ISSN 0927-5568, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 85-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s rights to asylum have led to political controversies in a number of countries in recent years. This article focuses on the translation of nearly universally recognised children’s rights principles into a domestic practice of immigration control, and explores how legal norms regarding children’s rights to asylum have developed in the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal 2006–2013. Court decisions are analysed with a focus on the meanings given to the best interests of the child, how this is given weight against state interests of immigration control, and how children’s interests are given normative force. It is only in a small minority of cases in which the Best Interests Principle (BIP) in fact does have a decisive normative force in granting residence permits and the meanings and use of children’s interests in court argument makes evident that the BIP enables both the granting and denial of residence permits. The BIP is doing normative work in double directions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ethical Challenges of The Multicultural Classroom: A teacher's examination of Martha Nussbaum's theory of world citizenship education 2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of this thesis is to examine in what way ethical theory and ethical analysis can contribute to further understanding of the ethical challenges of the multicultural classroom. Based on the fact that the world is going through a process of globalization and migration, the education-system and daily praxis of teaching is put in front of new ethical challenges. The teacher in the multicultural classroom is on a daily base confronted with various dilemmas regarding for example conflicting duties, universal and conflicting values and citizenship. Martha Nussbaum´s theory of world citizenship is used as an analytical framework for the thesis and student interviews from upper secondary school is used as a complementary perspective to Nussbaum´s theory. The research questions of the thesis are: Can the theory of World Citizenship Education, when structured and analyzed, give guidance for teaching citizenship in a multicultural classroom? Is it a plausible theory confronted with the ethical challenges of the multicultural classroom? In what way can a student perspective from a multicultural classroom try the relevance and present a complementary perspective to the theory of World citizenship education? The theory and the interviews are analyzed and structured out of the research questions and by the three ethical challenges of universal values, conflicting values and sense of belonging.

    The conclusion of the thesis states that, even though Nussbaum´s theory does have some constraints, it is to a large degree applicable and possible to relate to the ethical challenges of the multicultural classroom and as a guide for teachers. The theory is plausible in some aspects because it presents reasonable arguments on the necessity of educational reform in an interconnected world and because it makes educational proposals of instrumental worth of the teacher. The theory is however not plausible in other aspects because; the universal values presented are to vague and not specified which makes the theory difficult to use in practise, it does not pay enough attention to the conflicting perspective of the ethical challenges in classroom nor the pedagogical importance of social inclusion when discussing conflicting values and finally the theory demonstrates a contradiction regarding how to act as a teacher about sense of belonging and recognising identity of the students. The interviews demonstrate similar but also different responses to the ethical challenges in comparison with the theory. The students recognize the existence of universal values across cultural borders in a similar way as Nussbaum, even though the values put forward are of another character than Nussbaum´s. They do however present a sceptical view towards the idea of a world citizenship and stresses the importance of bringing up discussions about nationhood, migration and belonging without being afraid of breaking any taboos. At the end the thesis presents some practical guidelines for the teacher in the multicultural classroom that follows logical out of the conclusion. The final discussion highlight the fact that the challenges of the multicultural classroom in Sweden will likely continue, and emphasizes the potential of using ethics as an analytical tool for further developing a professional teaching approach.

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    Ethical challenges of the multicultural classroom
  • 9.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Joakim Ekman & Lena Pilo, Skolan, demokration och de unga medborgarna [School, democracy and the young citizens]2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 167-169Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 10.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lyssnandets politik: barns och ungas politiska representation i en tid av restriktiv migrationspolitik2022In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 124, no 2, p. 399-419Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The listening to children and young people has been given a prominent role in today’s politics. However, there are good reasons to reflect more closely on the relationship between collective representation and self-organized political participation by children and youth to claim rights. The overall purpose of this article is to scrutinize how established political representation of children and youth relates to young people's own representative claims, and what theoretical issues this give rise to. By comparing the Swedish Children's Ombudsman´s annual reports with young Afghans political protests for a right to stay in Sweden, this article points to how right claims of different actors expose problematic tensions in how we conceive of political representation of young migrants in a time of restrictive migration politics.

  • 11.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Non-citizen Children and the Right to Stay: A Discourse Ethical Approach2019In: Ethics & Global Politics, ISSN 1654-4951, E-ISSN 1654-6369, Ethics and Global Politics, ISSN 1654-4951, Vol. 12, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased efforts of democratic states to enforce immigration control and deportations have sparked heated public debates about the rights of non-citizen children to be granted asylum. Local communities, anti-deportation movements, and children themselves have rejected the justifications provided by state authorities and have mobilized claims in the public sphere for the rights of non-citizen children to stay. To date, scholars have primarily analyzed normative issues about the rights of non-citizen children with departure in legal positive rights as enshrined in domestic and international law; however, scholars have paid less attention to political theoretical aspects of the issue. This article takes its point of departure from claims for non-citizen children’s right to stay as formulated in the public sphere and uses discourse ethics to theorize in what ways these claims challenge state power and contemporary laws on asylum. In addition, this article contributes to the scholarly debates about the pressing global political issue of child migration and the political theory of human rights for children. Building on Seyla Benhabib’s concepts reciprocity and democratic iterations, this article develops a discourse theoretical approach that offers an alternative framework to a legalistic approach for the normative analysis of the rights of non-citizen children.

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    fulltext
  • 12.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Political strategies of self-representation: The case of young Afghan migrants in Sweden2023In: The Politics of Children's Rights and Representation / [ed] Sandin Bengt, Josefsson Jonathan, Hanson Karl, Balagopalan Sarada, Palgrave Macmillan , 2023, 1, p. 275-299Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I explore how children and youth make use of particular strategies of self-representation to seek political representation. I do so by taking my point of departure in a group of young Afghan migrants in Sweden and their political mobilization for their right to residency permits. In dialogue with debates in political theory around democracy and representation, I examine how young political actors contest and recast dominant regimes of political representation to claim political space and a voice of their own. Focus is put on the ways in which various actors struggle over the authority to represent and give meaning to the interests, rights and well-being of young migrants and how these processes of representing children and youth become politically productive. Four different strategies are identified and suggested to constitute a politics of self-representation: Rejecting previous forms of representation; establishing, shaping, and controlling political identity; creating political space; making opponents and allies. Based on these empirical observations, I argue that the mobilizations of young non-citizens against deportation reveal a critical dimension to the politics of childhood, namely, how the strategies of self-representation used by children and youth disrupt current legal and political orders and open up new avenues for political representation.  

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  • 13.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The representative breakthrough?: children and youth representation in the global governance of migration2023In: Children, childhoods, and global politics / [ed] J. Marshall Beier, Helen Berents, Bristol: Bristol University Press, 2023, Vol. Sidorna 87-100, p. 87-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent decades have demonstrated an unpresedented institutionalization and mainstreaming of children and youth participation in international decicion-making processes. In the UN system, children and youth have been identified as on one of the 'major groups' whose participation is critical for effective and just global governance of sustainable development.

  • 14.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Theorizing Child Migration: Experiences, Governance, Normativity2024In: The Bloomsbury Handbook of Theories in Childhood Studies / [ed] Sarada Balagopalan, John Wall and Karen Wells, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2024, 1, p. 338-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As child migration has caught the attention of a growing amount of scholarship in the past few decades, a new nexus of theorizing child migration has emerged from an array of academic traditions and contexts of migration. The fact that young people under the age of eighteen today constitute around one-third of the around 100 million forcibly displaced persons around the globe has placed the child in the midst of political controversies and global social transformations. At the same time as the pressing challenges of global migration have led to a significant increase in policy, practices and procedures that target children specifically, this has also propelled scholars to explore new methodological and theoretical avenues. The overall aim of the chapter is to examine some of the dominant theoretical approaches to child migration and what their implications are for our understanding of contemporary migration regimes. A particular focus will be on how scholarly work in childhood studies, the sociology and anthropology of childhood and migration studies, what here is referred to as a ‘childhood turn’ in migration research, has largely focused on empirical and conceptual aspects of children’s agency, experiences and perspectives in global migration. Yet, as is suggested, while the childhood turn in migration research grew out of a discontent with a lack of data on children and a dominance of traditional assumptions about children and family, the recent discovering of migrant childhoods in, for example, political philosophy has been driven by normative issues and theoretical trajectories in isolation from the empirical and theoretical achievements in childhood studies and migration studies.

  • 15.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'We beg you, let them stay!': Right claims of asylum-seeking children as a socio-political practice2017In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 316-332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s rights to asylum have emerged as an urgent political challenge. This article uses a number of cases discussed in Sweden’s largest morning paper to analyse claims of asylum-seeking children and how these claims challenge the normative limits of contemporary asylum, concerning what and who ought to be recognized by law. Even though the universality of the child constitutes a running theme, the arguments and the conception of children underpinning the claims are diverse. The article suggests that the claiming of rights as a socio-political practice could be a vital analytical approach to studying children’s rights and offers a much needed alternative to the dominant mainstreaming paradigm.

  • 16.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inledning: Barn, unga och demokrati2022In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 124, no 2, p. 333-348Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige uppmärksammar vi nu 100-årsjubiléet av införandet av allmän och lika rösträtt 1918–1921. Sedan reformerna i början av 1900-talet har rösträtten och valbarheten utvidgats och fler grupper har getts möjlighet till demokratiskt deltagande. Samtidigt som denna expansion av medborgarskap har inkluderat fler grupper än tidigare kvarstår begränsningar i demokratiskt deltagande för andra. Inte minst gäller detta i relation till de ca 20 % av Sveriges befolkning under 18 år som inte har rösträtt och inte är valbara till politiska församlingar eller som partiföreträdare. Barns och ungas demokratiska och politiska representation har i stället tagit andra vägar. Inrättandet av Barnombudsmannen, Elevombudsmannen och Myndigheten för ungdoms och civilsamhällesfrågor, liksom implementeringen av barnkonventionen i sektorer som skola, vård, socialt arbete och kommunalt organiserade ungdomsråd har tydligt markerat att man från statsmaktens sida sett ett behov av att formalisera representationen av den unga grupp i samhället som inte har rösträtt eller är valbar till politiska församlingar. Vi har i det här temanumret samlat ett antal empiriska och teoretiska undersökningar om barn och ungas egna demokratiska deltagande och hur de representeras av andra i en samtida demokrati som Sverige. På detta sätt vill vi bygga vidare på de pågående kritiska diskussionerna inom statsvetenskapen om demokrati och representation och en växande mängd studier om barn, unga och politik. Vi vill därmed också peka på några av de möjligheter som ett särskilt fokus på barn och unga som politiska subjekt kan erbjuda för vår grundläggande förståelse av demokrati och politisk representation. 

  • 17.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, BengtLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tema: Barn, Unga och demokrati2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungas röst som hot eller möjlighet?: Rösträtts- och valbarhetsålder i Sverige under 1900-talet2019In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 2-3, no 170-171, p. 17-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med det tidiga 1900-talets rösträttsreformer blev ålder en central måttstock på politiskt medborgarskap. I början av 1900-talet höjdes rösträtts och valbarhetsåldrarna för att sedan steg för steg sänkas till 18 år 1974. Förändringarna speglade en förändrad syn dels på ungdomars mognad och ansvar, dels på ungdomens bidrag till samhället.

  • 19.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålder som måttstock för politiskt medborgarskap: rösträtts- och valbarhetsålder i Sverige under 1900-talet2021In: Allmän rösträtt?: rösträttens begränsningar i Sverige efter 1921 / [ed] Annika Berg, Martin Ericsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2021, p. 157-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hundra år efter införandet av så kallad allmän och lika rösträtt betraktas rösträtten fortfarande som en nyckel för demokratins genombrott och utveckling. Under den allmänna och lika rösträttens hundraåriga historia har olika begränsningar av rösträtten steg för steg avskaffats för att möjliggörapolitiskt deltagande för fler grupper. För svenska medborgare finns emellertid en betydandebegränsning av rösträtten kvar, nämligen ålder. Den grupp av unga människor och barn under 18 årsom idag utgör cirka 20 procent av Sveriges befolkning saknar rösträttoch är inte valbar till kommuner, landsting eller riksdag. Rösträtts- och valbarhetsåldern, som varit oförändrad sedan 1970-talet, kan idag förefalla självklar. Men som denna historiska tillbakablick kommer att visa så har höjningar och sänkningar av rösträtts- och valbarhetsålder varit ett återkommande inslag i den demokratiska utvecklingen och i högsta grad varit föremål för en livlig politisk debatt. Med detta kapitel vill vi dels ge en översikt över de förändringar av rösträtts-och valbarhetsåldern som har ägt rum under 1900-talet, och dels närmare analysera de sammanhang under vilka förändringarna ägde rum. Vilka argument framfördes i samband med förändringarna av åldersgränser? Vilka aktörer var drivande? Vilken syn på barn och ungas roll i samhället aktualiserades? På detta sätt vill vi uppmärksamma hur åldersgränser under 1900-talet kom att bli en avgörande måttstock för politiskt medborgarskap och ett uttryck för hur demokratiseringsprocesser inte bara inneburit en utveckling mot att inkludera nya grupper avmedborgare, utan också kommit att exkludera grupper av medborgare, i detta fall på grundval av ålder.

  • 20.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandin, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hanson, Karl
    University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Balagopalan, Sarada
    Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA.
    Representing Children2023In: The Politics of Children’s Rights and Representation / [ed] Sandin Bengt, Josefsson Jonathan, Hanson Karl, Balagopalan Sarada, Palgrave Macmillan , 2023, 1, p. 1-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 21.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wall, John
    Department of Philosophy and Religion and Childhood Studies Rutgers University Camden.
    Empowered Inclusion: Theorizing Global Justice for Children and Youth2020In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 1043-1060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that contemporary child and youth experiences of globalization call for retheorizing global justice around a new concept of empowered inclusion. The first part of the paper examines three case studies in globalization – child labour movements, child and youth migration, and young people’s organization around climate change – and shows how, in each case, young people, through their struggles against injustice, are simultaneously disempowered and empowered by their deep global interdependency. The second part proposes new theoretical advances in global justice that better respond to child and youth experiences through a childist concept of the empowered inclusion of both children and other marginalized groups. And the third part advances some preliminary suggestions about how a more child-responsive conception of global power and justice might be operationalized in practice across global policies, institutions, and culture.

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  • 22.
    Sandin, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Age as a yardstick for political citizenship Voting age and eligibility age in Sweden during the twentieth century2022In: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 257-280, article id PII S0268416022000212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the changes in the age of voting and eligibility for office in Sweden during the twentieth century. We scrutinise arguments, actors, and contexts. Age proved to be an important yardstick for political citizenship and a source of political conflicts of importance for the development of democratic institutions which is largely neglected in earlier research on universal suffrage. Democratisation processes not only have led to the inclusion of new groups of citizens, but also exclusions. Our study demonstrates the importance of shifting understanding of young people, family formation, demographic shifts, intergenerational power balances and constitutional dilemmas.

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  • 23.
    Sandin, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Reform that Never Happened: A History of Children’s Suffrage Restrictions2022In: Exploring Children's Suffrage: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Ageless Voting / [ed] John Wall, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan , 2022, p. 131-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we discuss the history of children’s voting rights in Sweden. Despite the remarkable strengthening of children’s rights in Sweden in the late twentieth century, and the fact that proposals to expand children’s right to vote have continuously been filed, this has not resulted in a lowering of the voting age after 1974 when it was set to 18 years of age. At the same time a growing number of other countries have lowered the voting age. In this chapter we explore historical restrictions on children’s voting rights and possible explanations to why age limits to voting rights have not been lowered. The answers can be sought in how the age barriers on voting have been situated in relation to other political questions, to party-political dynamics, and to how the institutional framework around children’s rights has developed. The voting age has not been lowered largely because of institutional path dependencies and political barriers to change. Partly, apparently, because of the prolific development of democratic institutions and child inclusive policies. The Swedish case serves as an illustration of the complexity of the historical factors that influence changes in the age of voting, and the interplay between national and international processes.

  • 24.
    Sandin, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Josefsson, JonathanLinköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Hanson, KarlUniversity of Geneva, Switzerland.Balagopalan, SaradaRutgers University, United States.
    The Politics of Children´s Rights and Representation2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume investigates children and youth’s deep entanglement in today’s major global, national, and local transformations and processes: where in they are not mere spectators and objects of transformations but instead actively shape them through various social, economic, and political representations. International contributions illuminate the problems that arise when children’srights and participation become a site of contestation and power over whorepresents whom, what, when, and where. The authors do not provide simple solutions, instead offering an understanding of the fundamental nature of these problems as founded in the application of rights and the nature of representation in modern society. Together, the authors emphasize that child representation must take into account the local and spatial context of how representations of children are discussed, as well as possible discrepancies between local, regional,national, and global processes.

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  • 25.
    Sandin, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lind, Judith
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yttrande av Linköpings universitet över SOU 2016:19 Barnkonventionen blir svensk lag. Betänkande av Barnrättighetsutredningen. S2016/01918/FST2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Linköpings universitet avstyrker utredningens förslag att inkorporera barnkonventionen till svensk lag på grundval av bristande kunskapsunderlag och konsekvensanalys. Linköpings universitet föreslår att regering och riksdag använder sig av de analyser som har genomförts inom ramen för utredningens utvalda fokusområden och lägger förnyad ansträngning vid fortsatt transformering av barnkonventionens artiklar inom specifika områden och genom utveckling av andra politiska styrmedel för att värna barns rättigheter.

    Barnsrättsutredningens ambition att Barnkonventionens grundprinciper gällande barns rättigheter skall ligga till grund för svensk lagstiftning är i många avseenden lovvärd. På en rad punkter är förslagen förtjänstfulla och viktiga, det gäller t ex migrationsområdet där utredningens granskning leder till ett förslag om ett utökat utredningsansvar hos myndigheter vad gäller barns bästa genom transformeringsprocessen i utlänningslagen och ändringar i specifikt lagrum (se 5.1.6 s. 174-181 och 10.6 490) för att på så vis undvika den idag slentrianmässiga användningen av barnets bästa och tvinga fram ett bättre beslutsunderlag. (Se även övriga förslag under kap 5.1 – 5.4)

    Trots det menar Linköpings universitet att utredningen brister i både kunskapsunderlag och konsekvensanalys. Regeringens föregripande av utredningens betänkande genom att redan 2014 deklarera sin vilja att göra Barnkonventionen till svensk lag har medfört att frågan inte har utretts förutsättningslöst. Utredningen borde också ha fått i uppdrag att utreda alla politikområden och de konsekvenser en inkorporering av lagen skulle innebära. Avsaknaden av en förutsättningslös konsekvensanalys medför att argumenten för att barns rättigheter skulle stärkas av en inkorporering av konventionen i sin helhet framstår som mycket svaga.

    Som kunskaps/forskningsmyndighet har Linköpings universitet valt att lyfta fram utredningens bristande forskningsunderbyggnad samt speciella forskningsrelaterade frågor relevanta för en inkorporering av Barnkonventionen i svensk lag. Linköpings universitet har följande synpunkter. Utredningen:

    a) saknar en genomgripande konsekvensanalys

    b) saknar i det närmaste helt anknytning till den omfattande internationella forskning som finns kring barns rättigheter och implementering av konventionen som lag i andra länder

    c) har för lite fokus på förutsättningarna för barns/ungas participatoriska rättigheter, och autonoma rätt att fatta beslut och har heller inte granskat den konflikt som finns mellan barns rättigheter enligt svensk lag och barnkonventionens definition av förhållandet mellan barns rätt och föräldrarnas t ex enligt artikel 5 och 14.

    d) har underskattat behovet av ett bredare definierat kunskapslyft, med tydligare anknytning till den alltmer växande kunskapen och vetenskapliga forskningen som finns på området

    e) har överskattat det juridiska systemets möjligheter att komma till rätta med de iakttagbara bristerna i förverkligandet av barns rättigheter

    f) har underskattat kostnaderna för kompetensuppbyggnad och utveckling av praxis och rutiner inom offentlig förvaltning.

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  • 26.
    Sparrman, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hrechaniuk, Yelyzaveta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Anatoli Smith (Ivanova), Olga
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, Klara
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arzuk, Deniz
    University College London, UK.
    Annerbäck, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bodén, Linnea
    Stockholm university, Sweden.
    Blaise, Mindy
    Edith Cowan University, Western Australia.
    Castañeda, Claudia
    Coleman, Rebecca
    Bristol Digital Futures Institute (BDFI); University of Bristol, UK.
    Eßer, Florian
    University of Osnabrück, Germany.
    Finn, Matt
    University of Exeter, UK.
    Gustafsson, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Holmqvist, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Josefsson, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kraftl, Peter
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Lee, Nick
    University of Warwick, UK.
    Lesnik-Oberstein, Karín
    University of Reading, UK.
    Mitchell, Sarah
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Murris, Karin
    University of Oulu, Finland; University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Orrmalm, Alex
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Oswell, David
    University of London, UK..
    Prout, Alan
    University of Leeds, UK.
    Rosen, Rachel
    University College London, UK.
    Runswick-Cole, Katherine
    University of Sheffield, UK.
    Sjöberg, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Smith, Karen
    University College Dublin, Ireland.
    Spyrou, Spyros
    European University, Cyprus.
    Bond Stockton, Kathryn
    University of Utah, USA.
    Taylor, Affrica
    University of Canberra, Australia.
    Zehavi, Ohad
    Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, Israel; Tel Aviv University, Israel.
    Zotevska, Emilia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Child Studies Multiple: Collaborative play for thinking through theories and methods2023In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 15, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This text is an exploration of collaborative thinking and writing through theories, methods, and experiences on the topic of the child, children, and childhood. It is a collaborative written text (with 32 authors) that sprang out of the experimental workshop Child Studies Multiple. The workshop and this text are about daring to stay with mess, “un-closure” , and uncertainty in order to investigate the (e)motions and complexities of being either a child or a researcher. The theoretical and methodological processes presented here offer an opportunity to shake the ground on which individual researchers stand by raising questions about scientific inspiration, theoretical and methodological productivity, and thinking through focusing on process, play, and collaboration. The effect of this is a questioning of the singular academic ‘I’ by exploring and showing what a plural ‘I’ can look like. It is about what the multiplicity of voice can offer research in a highly individualistic time. The article allows the reader to follow and watch the unconventional trial-and-error path of the ongoing-ness of exploring theories and methods together as a research community via methods of drama, palimpsest, and fictionary.

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