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  • 1.
    Adborn, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Lärares yrkesetik.: En litteraturstudie.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur läraretik definieras, motiveras och förvärvas enligt yrkesetisk litteratur för lärare och lärarstudenter. Förhoppningen är att undersökningen ska bidra till att ge kunskap om den etiska dimensionen i lärares arbete och om den kompetens lärare behöver för att kunna hantera etiska konflikter i skolans vardag.

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ textanalys av tre böcker om yrkesetik som används på lärarprogrammen i Sverige. Böckerna är:

    • Läraren i etikens motljus av Trygve Bergem, professor i pedagogik.

    • Lärares yrkesetik av Roger Fjellström, docent i praktisk filosofi.

    • Den värdefulla praktiken av Kennert Orlenius, fil.dr. i pedagogik och Airi Bigsten, förskollärare och

      doktorand i pedagogik.

      Böckerna analyseras utifrån följande frågor:

    • Varför finns det yrkesetik för lärare?

    • Vad innefattar lärares yrkesetik?

    • För vem är yrkesetiken bra?

    • Hur förvärvas/utvecklas yrkesetiken?

      Undersökningen visar att:

      • Skolan består av en etisk/moralisk dimension inför vilken läraren behöver god

        handlingsberedskap.

      • Introduktionen av yrkesetik bör ske under lärarutbildningen, vilket ökar möjligheten för läraren att

        tidigt utveckla sin etiska kompetens.

      • Yrkesetiken är viktig för att yrket skall ses som en profession. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Akbaba, Derya
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Medie- och Informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lange, Devin
    University of Utah, United States.
    Correll, Michael
    Tableau Research, Tableau Software, United States.
    Lex, Alexander
    University of Utah, United States.
    Meyer, Miriah
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Medie- och Informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Troubling Collaboration: Matters of Care for Visualization Design Study2023Inngår i: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2023 CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS (CHI 2023), New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A common research process in visualization is for visualization researchers to collaborate with domain experts to solve particular applied data problems. While there is existing guidance and expertise around how to structure collaborations to strengthen research contributions, there is comparatively little guidance on how to navigate the implications of, and power produced through the socio-technical entanglements of collaborations. In this paper, we qualitatively analyze reflective interviews of past participants of collaborations from multiple perspectives: visualization graduate students, visualization professors, and domain collaborators. We juxtapose the perspectives of these individuals, revealing tensions about the tools that are built and the relationships that are formed — a complex web of competing motivations. Through the lens of matters of care, we interpret this web, concluding with considerations that both trouble and necessitate reformation of current patterns around collaborative work in visualization design studies to promote more equitable, useful, and care-ful outcomes.

  • 3.
    Almén, Edgar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Furenhed, Ragnar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hartman, Sven G.
    Lärarhögskolan, Stockholm.
    Skogar, Björn
    Lärarutbildningen, Karlstad och Södertörn.
    Livstolkning och värdegrund: att undervisa om religion, livsfrågor och etik2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans värdegrund har på senare år lyfts fram i många olika sammanhang. Uppgiften att undervisa om religion, etik, och livsfrågor har också debatterats. Detta undervisningsområde hör till skolans svåraste uppgifter - men kanske också till de viktigaste. Denna antologi ger ett bidrag till utvecklingen av ett professionellt lärarkunnande i frågor som gäller skolans värdegrund och undervisning på livsåskådningsområdet.

    Författarna ger utifrån sina respektive kompetensområden en belysning av några av ämnesområdets centrala aspekter.

    De texter som ingår har skrivits särskilt för lärarutbildningen men kan också användas i andra sammanhang. Avsikten har varit att via texterna föra de studerande i kontakt med såväl aktuell forskning som professionell lärarkunskap av annat slag.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Livstolkning och värdegrund: Att undervisa om religion, livsfrågor och etik
    Download (pdf)
    omslag
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    presentationsbild
  • 4.
    Aman, Robert
    University of Glasgow, Scotland.
    Colonial Differences in Intercultural Education: On Interculturality in the Andes and the Decolonization of Intercultural Dialogue2017Inngår i: Comparative Education Review, ISSN 0010-4086, E-ISSN 1545-701X, Vol. 61, nr 2, s. 103-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to wean interculturality from its comfort zone of flat substitutability across cultural differences by pushing for the possibility of other ways of thinking about the concept depending on where (the geopolitics of knowledge) and by whom (the bodypolitics of knowledge) it is being articulated. In order to make a case for the importance of always considering the geopolitical and bodypolitical dimension of knowledge production within interculturality, this essay shifts focus away from policies of the European Union and UNESCO to the Andean region of Latin America. In that part of the world the notion of interculturalidad – translation: interculturality – is not only a subject on the educational agenda, it has also become a core component among indigenous social movements in their push for decolonization. With reference points drawn from a decolonial perspective and the concept of “colonial difference”, this essay makes the case that interculturalidad, with its roots in the historical experience of colonialism and in the particular, rather than in assertions of universality, offers another perspective on interculturality bringing into the picture other epistemologies. It concludes by arguing for the requirement to start seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande.
    Decolonising Intercultural Education : Colonial Differences, the Geopolitics of Knowledge, and Inter-Epistemic Dialogue2017 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At the centre of Decolonising Intercultural Education is a simple yet fundamental question: is it possible to learn from the Other? This book argues that many recent efforts to theorise interculturality restrict themselves to a variety of interpretations within a Western framework of knowledge, which does not necessarily account for the epistemological diversity of the world.

    The book suggests an alternative definition of interculturality, framed not in terms of cultural differences, but in terms of colonial difference. It brings analysis of the Latin American concept of interculturalidad into the picture and explores the possibility of decentring the discourse of interculturality and its Eurocentric outlook, seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

    Decolonising Intercultural Education will be of interest to educational practitioners, researchers and postgraduate students in in the areas of education, postcolonial studies, Latin American studies and social sciences.

    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 6.
    Amundin, Mats
    et al.
    Kolmården Wildlife Park.
    Hållsten, Henrik
    Filosofiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Molinder, Lars
    Carnegie Investment Bank, Swedden.
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, VIHAR 2017 / [ed] Angela Dassow, Ricard Marxer & Roger K. Moore, 2017, s. 31-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the starting points of an experimental project to study dolphin communicative behaviour using distributional semantics, with methods implemented for the large scale study of human language.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation
  • 7.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att lyssna på barn. Om lyssnandets teori och etik2022Inngår i: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, E-ISSN 2535-5449, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 101-118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I många samhälleliga sammanhang återkommer en uppmaning att lyssna på barn, inte sällan med hänvisning till FN:s barnkonvention och kanske särskilt artikel 12 om rätten att bli hörd. Men vad innebär det att lyssna på barn? Mängder av böcker om lyssnande till barn som riktar sig till yrkespraktiker och andra som möter barn i sitt vardagsliv publiceras kontinuerligt. Vi saknar emellertid en kritisk diskussion som sätter frågor om lyssnande, lyssnande på barn och det goda lyssnandet i en större teoretisk kontext. Mot den bakgrunden har föreliggande artikel tillkommit. Lyssnandets problematik diskuteras här primärt i relation till monologiska och dialogiska perspektiv på kommunikation samt i relation till olika synsätt på barn (barnsyn) som lika eller olika vuxna. Avslutningsvis pekar vi på etiska implikationer som följer i kölvattnet av olika teoretiska perspektiv på lyssnande och lyssnande på barn.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Listening to children: theories and ethics of listening2024Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In many societal contexts, the importance of listening to children is underscored, not seldom with reference to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and especially Article 12 on the right to be heard. But what does it mean to listen to children? A plethora of books on listening to children aimed at professionals and others who meet children in their daily lives are published on a regular basis. However, we miss a critical discussion of listening as such, and more specifically about (good) listening to children, framed within a larger theoretical context. The aim of this article is to discuss listening in relation to monological and dialogical perspectives on communication, as well as in relation to different notions of children as similar to or different from adults. Also discussed is how different theoretical perspectives on listening and listening to children tends to lead to different ethical conclusions regarded what constitutes good listening and listening to children.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 9.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Haikola, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hydropower2022Inngår i: The Routledge Companion to Environmental Ethics / [ed] Benjamin Hale, Andrew Light, Lydia Lawhon, New York: Routledge, 2022, 1st, s. 349-358Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the history of opposition to large-scale hydropower in Sweden and reasons it succeed in using ethical arguments to stop further expansion of hydropower in the 1970s. It finds that framing of oppositional arguments, elite participation, the existence of nuclear power as a plausible energy alternative and a political opportunity in the form of parliamentary dynamics were prerequisites for its success.

  • 10.
    Barra, Mathias
    et al.
    Akershus Universitetssykehus HF, Lørenskog, Norway.
    Broqvist, Mari
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gustavsson, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi, historia, konst och religion. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Henriksson, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Juth, Niklas
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandman, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Solberg, Carl Tollef
    Universitetet i Bergen Det medisinsk-odontologiske fakultet, Bergen, Norway.
    Do not despair about severity—yet2020Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 46, nr 8, s. 557-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent extended essay, philosopher Daniel Hausman goes a long way towards dismissing severity as a morally relevant attribute in the context of priority setting in healthcare. In this response, we argue that although Hausman certainly points to real problems with how severity is often interpreted and operationalised within the priority setting context, the conclusion that severity does not contain plausible ethical content is too hasty. Rather than abandonment, our proposal is to take severity seriously by carefully mapping the possibly multiple underlying accounts to well-established ethical theories, in a way that is both morally defensible and aligned with the term’s colloquial uses.

  • 11.
    Barra, Mathias
    et al.
    Akershus Universitetssykehus HF, Lørenskog, Norway.
    Broqvist, Mari
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gustavsson, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi, historia, konst och religion. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Henriksson, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Juth, Niklas
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandman, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Solberg, Carl Tollef
    Universitetet i Bergen Det medisinsk-odontologiske fakultet, Bergen, Norway.
    Do not despair about severity—yet2020Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 46, nr 8, s. 557-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent extended essay, philosopher Daniel Hausman goes a long way towards dismissing severity as a morally relevant attribute in the context of priority setting in healthcare. In this response, we argue that although Hausman certainly points to real problems with how severity is often interpreted and operationalised within the priority setting context, the conclusion that severity does not contain plausible ethical content is too hasty. Rather than abandonment, our proposal is to take severity seriously by carefully mapping the possibly multiple underlying accounts to well-established ethical theories, in a way that is both morally defensible and aligned with the term’s colloquial uses.

  • 12.
    Behrensen, Maren
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Treacherous tropes: how ethicists communicate2016Inngår i: Ethics and communication: global perspectives / [ed] Göran Collste, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016, s. 43-60Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Björkegren, Moa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för historia, konstvetenskap och religionsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik.
    Sexualitet i religionsundervisningen: Yrkesverksamma religionslärares uppfattningar och erfarenheter2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In June 2022, the Swedish curriculum was revised and the school's responsibility to communicate knowledge about sexuality to pupils was emphasized. Although the field of sexuality is not new in the Swedish curriculum, teaching sexuality has gone through a significant development in its content since it first became a part of the Swedish curriculum. Now that society is becoming increasingly more digitalized and informed, new challanges follow, and perhaps it is now more important than ever that young people gain more knowledge in matters of sexuality, relationships, and consent. As an effort to meet these challanges, the National Agency for Education delegates the field of knowledge to teachers in all common subjects, including religious education (RE). With its association in cultural norms and gender identity, RE may be considered partucularly appropriate for discussing and teaching sexuality.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers of religious education percive to what degree they can contribute knowledge about sexuality in their teaching. This study also aims to find out what approaches teachers use in sexuality as a part of their religious education. This survey is a qualitative study, and the materials have been collected through semi-structured interviews with teachers in religious education in south Sweden. The study shows that teaches have positive attitudes towards including sexuality in religious education and that they find teching sexuality important. Nevertheless, it is not exactly clear for the interviewed RE teachers how and what to include regarding sexuality when teaching RE due to many difficulties that may arise. Consequently, teachers in this study describe different individually based strategies to include sexuality in their teaching, depending in personal interest and experise. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Bäcklund, Jimmy Ulf Anti-Krister
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA.
    Reciprok egoism, skeptisk empirism och modern fysikalism: Titelförslag på några principer och diskurs kring dessas korrelation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna essä är en ontologisk och epistemologisk undersökning av bland annat etiska och medvetandefilosofiska implikationer av en konsekvent fysikalistisk hållning. I detta kontrasteras mot en transcendentalistisk hållning, som den av T. M. Scanlon, den skeptiska empirismen av David Hume, reciprokt baserade moraliska system (e.g. J. L. Mackies självreferentiella altruism) samt en medvetandesyn i linje med Galen Strawsons kriterier för en realistisk fysikalism som i min mening löser alla så kallade psykofysiska problem.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    cogito ergo credo
  • 15.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    The benefits and risks of nostalgia: analysis of a fictional case with special reference to ethical and existential issues2023Inngår i: Philosophy Ethics and Humanities in Medicine, E-ISSN 1747-5341, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikkel-id 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundIn a previous paper in Philos Ethics Humanit Med, the 1937 Swedish novel Somnlos (Swedish for sleepless) by Vilhelm Moberg was used as background for a thought experiment, in which last centurys progresses concerning the safety of sleeping pills were projected into the future. This gave rise to a theoretical discussion about broad medico-philosophical questions such as (among other things) the concept of pharmaceuticalisation.MethodsIn this follow-up paper, the theme of insomnia in Somnlos is complemented by a discussion of the concept of nostalgia. The core of the paper is a theoretical discussion about the benefits and risks of nostalgia, bringing together some aspects of recent psychological research about the construct of nostalgia with the main story line of the novel.Results and ConclusionNostalgia is portrayed as being, in some sense at least, ultimately beneficial for the protagonist of Somnlos. This is congruent with recent psychological research. However, the story also shows that nostalgia may lead to problematic behaviours, at least when viewed from a virtue ethics perspective. Hence, nostalgia is both what leads the protagonist into ethically problematic behaviour and that which (paradoxically) ultimately saves him from his initial lack of courage, justice, temperance and practical wisdom. Moreover, the protagonist does not only "grow" ethically but also existentially. Hence, the novel opens up the possibility that insomnia and nostalgia might be viewed as bearers of important existential information (cf. sociologist of religion Peter L. Berger and his concept of "signals of transcendence").

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Bülow, William
    et al.
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindblom, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi, historia, konst och religion.
    The Social Injustice of Parental Imprisonment2020Inngår i: Moral Philosophy and Politics, ISSN 2194-5616, E-ISSN 2194-5624, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 299-320Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Children of prisoners are often negatively affected by their parents’ incarceration, which raises issues of justice. A common view is that the many negative effects associated with parental imprisonment are unjust, simply because children of prisoners are impermissibly harmed or unjustly punished by their parents’ incarceration. We argue that proposals of this kind have problems with accounting for cases where it is intuitive that prison might create social injustices for children of prisoners. Therefore, we suggest that in addition to the question of whether children of prisoners are impermissibly harmed, we should ask whether the inequalities that these children endure because of their parent’s incarceration are objectionable from a social justice perspective. To answer this latter question, we examine the negative effects associated with parental imprisonment from the perspective of luck egalitarianism. We develop a luck egalitarian account that incorporates insights from the philosophy of childhood. On our account, children of prisoners might endure two different types of objectionable inequalities, since they are often deprived of resources that are important for ensuring fair equality of opportunity in adulthood, but also because they are likely to suffer inequalities in terms of childhood welfare. After defending this account, we explore its implications for policy.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Casparsson, Anne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Surrogacy and the best interest of the child2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    If altruistic surrogacy should be legal in Sweden, laws concerning screening of the parents should be mandatory and adoption should be promoted as an alternative to surrogacy to a larger extent. Both in surrogacy and adoption the best interest of the child should be a priority, but parents regardless of sexuality, income and to some extent age, should qualify as long as they can prove their ability as parents.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Applied and Professional Ethics2012Inngår i: KEMANUSIAAN: The Asian Journal of Humanities, ISSN 1394-9330, E-ISSN 1985-8353, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 17-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of applied ethics in recent decades has had great significance for philosophy and society. In this article, I try to characterise this field of philosophical inquiry. I also discuss the relation of applied ethics to social policy and to professional ethics. In the first part, I address the following questions:

    1. What is applied ethics?
    2. When and why did applied ethics appear?
    3. How do we engage in applied ethics? What are the methods?

    In the second part of the article, I introduce professional ethics. What is professional ethics, and how can one distinguish professional ethics from applied ethics? I argue that the moral content of professional ethics is a result of professional relations. I also argue that professional ethics best can be understood as a type of virtue ethics.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Applied and Professional Ethics
  • 19.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att upprätta offrens värdighet - om global rättvisa och försoning2016Inngår i: Liv i försoning: Om upprättelse i kyrka och samhälle / [ed] C R Bråkenhielm och G Möller, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 2016, s. 41-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Book review: Janusz Salamon (ed). Solidarity Beyond Borders: Ethics in a Globalising World2016Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 366-368Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi, historia, konst och religion. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Book Review: The Habermas-Rawls Debate in ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES, vol 26, issue 4, pp 704-7072020Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 704-707Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 22.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Colonialism, Epistemic Injustice and Global Justice: A response to ‘Overcoming the Epistemic Injustice of Colonialism’ Rajeev Bhargava*2014Inngår i: Global Policy, ISSN 1758-5880, E-ISSN 1758-5899, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 386-387Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cultural Pluralism and Epistemic Injustice2019Inngår i: Journal of Nationalism, Memory & Language Politics, ISSN 2570-5857, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For liberalism, values such as respect, reciprocity, and tolerance should framecultural encounters in multicultural societies. However, it is easy to disregardthat power differences and political domination also influence the culturalsphere and the relations between cultural groups. In this essay, I focus onsome challenges for cultural pluralism. In relation to Indian political theoristRajeev Bhargava, I discuss the meaning of cultural domination and epistemicinjustice and their historical and moral implications. Bhargava argued thatas a consequence of colonialism, “indigenous cultures” were inferiorized,marginalized, and anonymized. Although cultures are often changing dueto external influences, I argue that epistemic injustice implies that a cultureis forced to subjection, disrespected, and considered as inferior and that itthreatens the dominated people’s epistemic framework, collective identity,and existential security. Finally, I refer to John Rawls’s theory of politicalliberalism as a constructive approach to avoid parochialism and Westerncultural domination.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Cultural Pluralism and Epistemic Injustice
  • 24.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Det handlar om människovärde2013Inngår i: Dagens NyheterArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Därför är vissa mer jämlika än andra: Recension av Per Sundman: Egalitarian liberalism revisited. On the meaning and justification of social justice (Uppsala 2016)2016Inngår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 25 Nov., s. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ethics and Communication: global Perspectives2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How can ethics be communicated in an age of globalisation? Is it possible to overcome cultural differences and agree on common values and principles that cross cultural borders? How does globalisation challenge ethics and established moral traditions? How are human rights justified in a global context?

    This timely collection of essays responds directly to these questions. An international team of contributors pursue issues in ethics, information and communication that include both the classical question of the universality/contextuality of ethics and values, but also new challenges for communication relating to how values and norms are communicated and shared across cultural and political borders. The essays in this book explore theoretical questions of global ethics and ethical universalism, ethics and communication with reference to specific world views and religions, and the challenge of globalisation for ethical communication in particular social arenas

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  • 27.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi, historia, konst och religion. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ethics and historical justice2021Inngår i: Historical justice and history education / [ed] Matilda Keynes, Henrik Åström Elmersjö, Daniel Lindmark, Björn Norlin, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, s. 195-212Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In relation to three cases of recent claims for rectificatory justice after colonialism; the Caribbean nations’ claims for rectification after slavery and the slave trade, claims of former Mau Mau adherents for rectification for atrocities during the British colonial war in the 1950s and the restitution of African art in French museums, Collste defines the concept of rectificatory justice and discusses pertinent ethical questions raised by the claims for historical justice. Among them are the moral reasons for rectification, the implications of past injustices for present claims for justice, and whether intentions to harm in the past is a necessary requirement for a present duty to rectify. Finally, Collste suggests how historical justice can be taught in school and its importance for historical consciousness.

  • 28.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ett läraretiskt dilemma2014Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 35-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global justice and globalisation2016Inngår i: Global ethics for leadership: values and virtues for life / [ed] Christoph Stückelberger, Walter Fust, Obiora Ike, Geneve: Globethics.Net , 2016, s. 81-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation involves both promising potentials and risks. It has the potential – through the spread of human rights, the migration of people and ideas, and the integration of diverse economies - to improve human wellbeing and enhance the protection of human rights worldwide. But globalisation also incurs risks: global environmental risks (such as global warming), the creation of new centres of power with limited legitimacy, a 'race to the bottom' regarding workers' safety and rights, risky journeys of thousands of migrants and not least growing global inequalities. Globalisation, therefore, is a key factor for today's discussions of justice.

    As globalisation connects people, it also raises associated responsibilities between them. Until recently, the interest in justice among political philosophers and social ethicists was mainly focused on the nation state. However, this is no longer feasible. Since economic globalisation affects how wealth and power are distributed globally it has become indispensable to discuss social ethics in a global context and to develop principles of global justice. Global justice, therefore, entails an assessment of the benefits and burdens of the structural relations and institutional arrangements that constitute and govern globalisation

    The academic discussion of global justice is vibrant and expanding. In my introduction I provide an overview of the discussions on global poverty, justice, cosmopolitanism and statism, migration, the capability approach and different dimensions of global justice.

  • 30.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global Rectificatory Justice2015 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent events have proved that colonialism has left indelible prints in history. In 2013, the British Foreign Secretary apologized and promised compensation for the atrocities in Kenyan detention camps in the 1950s and the same year the heads of governments of the Caribbean Community issued a declaration demanding reparation for the genocide of indigenous populations and for slavery and the slave trade during colonialism The discussion and literature on global justice has mainly focused on distributive justice. What are the implications of colonialism for a theory of global justice today? What does rectificatory justice mean in the light of colonialism? What does global rectificatory justice require in practice? In seeking to answer these questions, the author fills a significant gap in the literature on global justice.

  • 31.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Globaliation and Global Justice: A Thematic Introduction2016Inngår i: De Ethica, ISSN 1854-3405, E-ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 5-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation involves both promising potentials and risks. It has the potential – through the spread of human rights, the migration of people and ideas, and the integration of diverse economies – to improve human wellbeing and enhance the protection of human rights worldwide. But globalisation also incurs risks: global environmental risks (such as global warming), the creation of new centres of power with limited legitimacy, a ‘race to the bottom’ regarding workers’ safety and rights, risky journeys of thousands of migrants and not least growing global inequalities. Globalisation, therefore, is a key factor for today’s discussions of justice.

    As globalisation connects people, it also raises associated responsibilities between them. Until recently, the interest in justice among political philosophers and social ethicists was mainly focused on the nation state. However, this is no longer feasible. Since economic globalisation affects how wealth and power are distributed globally it has become indispensable to discuss social ethics in a global context and to develop principles of global justice. Global justice, therefore, entails an assessment of the benefits and burdens of the structural relations and institutional arrangements that constitute and govern globalisation.

    The academic discussion of global justice is vibrant and expanding. In my introduction I provide an overview of the discussions on global poverty, justice, cosmopolitanism and statism, migration, the capability approach and different dimensions of global justice.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Human dignity, immigration and refugees2014Inngår i: The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity: interdisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Marcus Düwell, Jens Braarvig, Roger Brownsword, and Dietmar Mieth, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, s. 461-470Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    In Defence of War. By Nigel Biggar2014Inngår i: The Philosophical Quarterly, ISSN 0031-8094, E-ISSN 1467-9213, Vol. 64, nr 257, s. 644-646Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Just war theory has always been a matter of controversy in the Christian tradition. How could war possibly be just according to a belief based on the teaching of ‘the Prince of Peace’? In the history of Christianity, one finds on the one side radical Christians arguing for pacifism, and on the other Church Fathers, bishops and theologians who elaborate a doctrine of just war.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Inledning till etiken2019 (oppl. 4)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning till etiken är sedan många år en uppskattad introduktion till etiskt tänkande. Här presenteras på ett inspirerande och klargörande sätt grunderna för etisk argumentation och förhållandet mellan etik och religion. Normativa etiska teorier som utilitarism, pliktetik samt kontrakts- och rättighetsteorier behandlas, liksom etiken inom kristendom, islam och buddhism. I boken diskuteras också aktuella frågor inom tillämpad etik och yrkesetik.

    Denna fjärde upplaga har aktualiserats och omarbetats samt försetts med tre nyskrivna kapitel: ett om mänskliga rättigheter, ett om etik och mångkulturalism samt ett om idrott och etik.

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  • 35.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Introduction: Ethics and Communication - Global Perspectives2016Inngår i: Ethics and Communication: Global Perspectives / [ed] Göran Collste, London & New York: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016, 1, s. 1-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 36.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2013Inngår i: Review of Ecumenical Studies, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 69-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

  • 37.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2012Inngår i: Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, s. 71-77Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?
  • 38.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi och tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kolonialismens spöke vägrar att försvinna2019Inngår i: Utrikesmagasinet, , s. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 39.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi och tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Om Thomas Scanlon: Why does inequality matter?2019Inngår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 1, s. 44-49Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Principles and approaches in ethics assessment: Research integrity2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific research is a conscious and systematic approach to acquire knowledge, based on theories, methods and standards that have been developed through the history of scientific disciplines. The terms “research integrity” and “good research practice” refer to ideals for how research ought to be performed.

    In the 1940s the American sociologist Robert Merton proposed norms for scientific research that have influenced the discussion on research integrity since then. According to Merton good research should not be secret or anyone’s property but requires instead openness and publicity. Merton uses the term communism/communalism for this norm. The second norm, according to Merton, is universalism, which means that the only relevant criteria for assessing research are the scientific criteria. The position or characteristic of the researcher has no relevance. Thirdly, disinterestedness means that the main motive driving the researcher should be the quest for knowledge, not for example economic gain or fame. Finally, the researcher should always be open for questioning the result. Merton calls this “organized scepticism”. This norm coheres with Karl Popper’s famous demarcation line between research and other activities; falsification, i.e. the constant efforts to falsify one’s result in order to get closer to the truth. Merton’s norms for research are summarized in the acronym CUDOS. Although the exact meaning and implication of Merton’s criteria can be discussed, they imply an ideal for scientific work and deviations from this ideal can be seen as misconduct in research.

    Merton’s CUDOS norms are well - known examples of ideals and norms for science. These norms could be seen as the basis for professional ethics of researchers. Scientific misconduct and fraud are deviation from the ideals of science and good research practice. In the following we first conceptualise the area of scientific misconduct. Then we present some norms, guidelines and codes of scientific integrity. In the next section we

    argue that scientific misconduct is a real problem that must be taken seriously by the research community and finally we discuss how scientific misconduct is investigated, how common it is and how it can be explained.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania2012Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    August 23-26 2012 Societas Ethica, the European Society for Research in Ethics held its 49th annual conference. The conference theme was “Ethics and Migration” and the setting the Romanian city Sibiu in Transylvania. The site for the conference mirrored the theme. Transylvania has during the centuries been a place for waves of migration, for example, already in the 12th Century it received many German immigrants. It is also today a home for hundreds of thousands of Roma people.

    Migration is so far a neglected issue within applied ethics. This is surprising due to both the seriousness of the issue and the ethical dilemmas it poses. With this conference the Societas Ethica, wished to bolster the ethical discussion on migration. The conference channels illustrated the range of ethical issues that migration raises:

    Many people migrate from poverty and oppression but are stopped at the borders of the rich nations in Europe and America; what are their obligations towards the migrants? How is migration related to global justice?

    Migrants and refugees are vulnerable. They have lost their communities and citizenships. What are the rights of migrants and refugees? Who is obliged to protect their rights?

    Fortress Europe has unfortunately become a reality. With surveillance, fences and barbwire Europe tries to keep the migrants at a distance. But, what are the moral obligations of the individual European nations and of the European Union? What do we owe them?

    Immigrants who have successfully entered Europe are often met with hostility and end up in segregated communities. What are the ethical challenges of segregation and conflicts based on religion and ethnicity?

    The unknown person, the different, the Other, is often despised and persecuted. European history shows ample of evidence of this fact. How should minorities, like for example the Roma people, be respected and included by the majority populations and by the states?

    The first key note speech was held by Dr Gernot Haupt, Alpen-Adria University Klagenfurt over the theme “Antigypsism and migration”. Haupt showed with plenty of examples how the Roma people in Europe have been victims of constant policies of exclusion; from repression to extermination culminating in the Holocaust in the 1930s and 1940s. Haupt expressed critique of the present attitude of the majority in societies with Roma minorities. Their message is; it is always they, the Roma, who must change, not we!

    Dr Matthew Gibney from Oxford University addressed the topic “Refugees and justice between states”. He noticed that presently the majority of the world’s refugees go to neighboring poor countries and hence that the refugee situation exacerbate the global inequalities. How can this change? Are not for example nations responsible for creating massive streams of refugees, like the United States after the attack on Iraq in 2003, obliged to host the resulting refugees?

    Dr Michelle Becka from University of Frankfurt am Main talked about “Ethics on the border. Towards a theological horizon in the discourse of migration”. She emphasized that being a stranger is an important theme in the biblical tradition; migrants are in focus for theological ethics. When the humanity of migrants is reduced due to oppression and segregation it is crucial for theological ethics to emphasize the need for solidarity.

    In the last keynote speech Dr Oliver Bakewell from Oxford University talked over the theme “The relationships between migration and human development”. His lecture focused on the potential positive effects of migration for development through Diasporas communities with links to their homelands, remittances, i.e. the financial support that immigrants send back to their home countries, etc.

    More than 40 participants, among them many young scholars from all over Europe but also from India, the United States, Hong Kong and Australia, presented high quality paper. As the only European society open for scholars in moral philosophy, theological ethics and applied ethics, Societas Ethica has a great potential to influence and stimulate the ethical discussions in Europe.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania
  • 42.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rectification for Atrocities under Colonialism2016Inngår i: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 852-864Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars and injustices can have wide-ranging reverberations. Colonialism ended – with a few exceptions – over fifty years ago, but there are still many traces left. In this essay I focus on two cases of atrocities under colonialism that have left scars in the present and my question is: how can a nation rectify for the long-term effects of an aggression? What is the appropriate ethical response? The two examples are the German genocide of the Herero tribe in 1904–1905 and the British war against the Mau Mau movement in Kenya in the 1950s. The examples are chosen because they both illustrate enduring claims for rectification after aggressions. After the presentation of these cases and of how Germany and Great Britain have responded, I discuss the meaning of rectificatory justice and criteria for reasonable claims for rectification.

  • 43.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    “…restoring the dignity of the victims”. Is global rectificatory justice feasible?2010Inngår i: Ethics and global politics, ISSN 1654-4951, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 85-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of global justice has mainly focused on global distributive justice. This article argues for global rectificatory justice, mainly by former colonial states in favor of former colonized peoples. The argument depends on the following premises: (1) there is a moral obligation to rectify the consequences of wrongful acts; (2) colonialism was on the whole harmful for the colonies; (3) the present unjust global structure was constituted by colonialism; and (4) the obligation of rectificatory justice is trans-generational so long as there are at present identifiable beneficiaries and victims of past injustice. Although it is too demanding to ask for full compensation for 450 years of colonialism, the former colonial powers can in different ways and to the best of their efforts contribute to change the present inequalities that are the legacy of history. A theory of global rectificatory justice is complementary to a theory of global distributive justice and enables us to develop a fuller understanding of the meaning of global justice.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 44.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIAL JUSTICE, HEALTH AND POVERTY IN UGANDA

    John Barugahare

    Injustice in Uganda manifests in many ways. One most serious, yet least discussed social injustice, is inequity in Health. Although there are two equally important aims of health systems – efficiency and equity, in Uganda too much focus has been on ensuring efficiency and as a consequence concerns of equity have been relegated. Ultimately, health policy in Uganda has disproportionately negatively affected the poor’s livelihoods in general and the trend seems to be worsening by day. Even though it is possible to borrow a leaf from the Western literature on how to design a good health policy, low income countries like Uganda have special features that render the extrapolation of the Western input good but not enough. In particular, these special features are the level of resource constraints, poverty and the financing mechanism of health care services. These three have very serious implications for equity in health. In general, there is a lot of injustice in the Uganda health care and this has been mainly due to poverty levels and the financing mechanism which the system relies on. Hence, there is an urgent need to concentrate on a discussion of injustice in health because health enhances people’s functionings and is a mandatory condition for people’s enjoyment of other life opportunities to the extent that if a section of a society is made to suffer injustice in health, this will translate into injustice in all the dimensions of their lives. This is something that fair‐minded people cannot afford to live with for long. Therefore, it is important in this work to illustrate how the above three special features play to cause and sustain inequity in Uganda health care system and to  suggest the starting point to overcoming this injustice, not only in Uganda but as a general trend in health policy analysis.

    THE POLITICS OF RESTORING ETHICS AND THE CHALLENGE OF PATRIOTISM IN SERVICE DELIVERY IN UGANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE

    Dickson Kanakulya

    Reports indicate that there is an erosion of professionalism and ethics across most of the East African public service systems and this is limiting the efficient service delivery and negatively impacts on social justice. Because of this challenge many approaches are being applied to mitigate it, such as the institutional, legal, cultural and the political. This paper discusses the political approach and particularly problematizes the political push for patriotism in Uganda. Most of the critique and analysis was done while carrying out research and consultancy with Makerere Centre for Applied Ethics (MACAE) in selected districts in Uganda under the project “Pro‐poor Integrity” (PPI) funded by Tiri and DFID. The paper argues that the government’s policy of patriotism is more of politicking than real improvement of service delivery to the people. Political interference in public service has engendered a culture of impunity and increased unethical conduct among ‘politically‐connected’ civil servants right from the grass root service to the top administration, The paper argues that if ethics in Uganda’s public administration is to improve politicians ought  to be divorce party‐biased ideology from the patriotism discourse such that it can appeal to a wider spectrum of Ugandans.

    PERSISTENT COLONIAL COERCION IN CONTEMPORARY UGANDA: FOUNDATION OF SOCIAL INJUSTICES IN THE COUNTRY

    Gervase Tusabe

    Since 1962, all Uganda’s major centres of power i.e., political, economic and military have always been dominated by a chosen few, and the attendant wealth that goes with such powers has always been disproportionately enjoyed in favour of these chosen few when a considerable large number of people in the country are living under the weight of abject poverty.

    The major argument advanced in this paper is that the fundamental cause of this experience of injustice in Uganda is the persistent domestic colonial mode of political administration that is managed by a particular closed group of individuals who more or less conspired to work together to promote their self‐centred interests at the cost of deliberately ignoring the legitimate interests of the Ugandans who are outside their group.

    STRUCTURAL INJUSTICES AND THE ETHICS OF ENGENDERING POVERTY ERADICATION POLICIES IN UGANDA

    Michael George Kizito

    Since time immemorial, poverty reduction interventions in Sub‐Saharan Africa like everywhere in the South, have focused on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism). According to this perspective, in order to lift human persons out of poverty, it is imperative to integrate poor persons into poverty eradication interventions irrespective of sex, social status and gender. Scholars and institutions that subscribed to this conception of poverty thought that individuals were poor because of personal weaknesses (case poverty).This perspective has been greatly challenged due to the upsurge of gender and human rights scholarship in the 20th century. Gender scholars have painstakingly argued that in order to understand poverty, we need to look at society (ethical collectivism). They have rejected the Women in Development(WID) discourse that aims at integrating women into the development process in favour of the Gender and Development(GAD) approach to development and poverty reduction that aims at confronting power relations between men and women (empowerment).This GAD perspective looks at poverty in terms of the powerlessness speared head by prevailing structures in society (structural poverty) and hence the need to empower vulnerable persons such as women to challenge structures and strictures of oppression. The International Monetary fund (IMF) and World Bank as vehement promoters of economism in Sub‐Saharan Africa for decades have urged governments to include the perspectives of the poor in poverty polices through what they call participatory poverty assessments (PPAs). Despite its deceptive appearance, this PPAs stance of the IMF and World Bank tacitly looks at poverty as a case and not structural issue and that is why Uganda’s ambitious poverty reduction policy though greatly informed by Participatory Poverty Assessments greatly ignores structures and strictures that render women vulnerable to poverty. This paper critically assesses the obliviousness of Uganda’s Agricultural poverty policy to structures and how this has militated on the gender poverty production in Uganda. The paper contends that in order to realise engendered poverty eradication in Uganda, it is pertinent for the agricultural policy to ultimately make paradigm shift from focusing on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism) to confronting structures and strictures that disempower and vulnerablelise individual moral agents (ethical collectivism).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda
  • 45.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Societas Ethica’s Annual Conference 2015: Globalisation and Global Justice, Lunnevads folkhögskola, Linköping, Sweden, August 20-23, 2015: Societas Ethica Jahretagung 2015, Globalisierung und globale Gerechtigkeit2015Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The proceedings from the Societas Ethica’s annual conference 2015 looks different than previous years. We do not publish the full papers this year. The reason for this change is that less and less papers have been submitted the last years due to the fact that most academic journals are hesitant to publish articles that already have been published in conference proceedings. So, in order to be able to mirror the conferences, the board of Societas Ethica decided that it is better that the conference proceedings contain the paper abstracts.

    The proceedings contain three parts; first, the thematic introduction by the President, then the key note speeches and the responses to the key notes and finally, the conference paper abstracts.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Strangers in our Midst2017Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 638-640Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 47.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sverige har ansvar för slavhandeln2014Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I måndags rapporterade Dagens Eko att de karibiska staterna kräver gottgörelse från en rad europeiska länder, däribland Sverige, för det lidande deras befolkningar utsatts för genom slaveriet och slavhandeln.

    Bakgrunden är att 15 karibiska stater tillsatt en gemensam undersökningskommission ledd av historikern Hilary Beckles med syfte att undersöka slavhandelns effekter i Karibien. Beckles har i samband med denna undersökning också publicerat boken ”Britain’s Black Debt” (2013).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    The meaning of global rectificatory justice2013Inngår i: XXIII World Congress of Philosophy. Philosophy as Inquiry and Way of Life, abstracts, 2013, s. 125-126Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi och tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    ‘Where you live should not determine whether you live’. Global justice and the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines2022Inngår i: Ethics & Global Politics, ISSN 1654-4951, E-ISSN 1654-6369, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 43-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2020, the world faced a new pandemic. The corona infection hit an unprepared world, and there were no medicines and no vaccines against it. Research to develop vaccines started immediately and in a remarkably short time several vaccines became available. However, despite initiatives for global equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines, vaccines have so far become accessible only to a minor part of the world population. In this article, I discuss the global distribution of COVID-19 vaccines from an ethical point of view. I reflect on what ethical principles should guide the global distribution of vaccines and what global justice and international solidarity imply for vaccine distribution and I analyse the reasons for states to prioritize their own citizens. My focus is on ethical reasons for and against ‘vaccine nationalism’ and ‘vaccine cosmopolitanism.’ My point of departure is the appeal for international solidarity from several world leaders, arguing that ‘Where you live should not determine whether you live’. I discuss the COVAX initiative to enable a global vaccination and the proposal from India and South Africa to the World Trade Organization to temporarily waive patent rights for vaccines. In the final section, I argue for global vaccine sufficientarianism, which is a modified version of vaccine cosmopolitanism. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext (PDF)
    Fulltekst (epub)
    fulltext (EPUB)
  • 50.
    Collste, Göran
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Manzeschke, ArneInstitut Technik-Theologie-Naturwissenschaften an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.
    Proceedings from the Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2011, The Quest for perfection. The Future of Medicine/Medicine of the future, August 25-28, 2011, Universita della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland2011Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIETAS ETHICA (European Society for Research in Ethics) is an organisation for the exchange of scholarly work in ethics. SOCIETAS ETHICA is bilingual: English and German are the official languages for conferences and publications. Each year the SOCIETAS ETHICA organises a conference (usually at the end of August). Members and non-members are invited to give a lecture or prepare a paper on the theme of the year. The theme of the year reflects on a current subject of interest and debate in either applied ethics or fundamental ethics. The theme of the 2011 conference was: The Quest for perfection. The Future of Medicine/Medicine of the future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Proceedings from the Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2011, The Quest for perfection. The Future of Medicine/Medicine of the future, August 25-28, 2011, Universita della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland
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