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  • 1. Börjesson, A.
    et al.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för kognition, utveckling och handikapp, CDD.
    Adolfsson, R.
    Rönnlund, M.
    Nilsson, L-G.
    Linopiridine (DuP 996): Cholinergic treatment of older adults using a successive test paradigm1999Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 40, s. 78-85Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2. Eklundh, Thomas
    et al.
    Gunnarsson, Tove
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Nordin, Conny
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Monoamine compounds in cerebrospinal fluid of healthy subjects punctured without preceding strict bed rest: A pilot study2001Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 43, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The interpretation of data on compounds in the lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is limited by several confounding factors, e.g. motor activity for which strict bed rest prior to lumbar puncture is recommended for standardisation. Now we report data from 14 healthy males employing the standardised procedure except for the requirement of strict bed rest. The levels of serotonin, noradrenaline, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol in the second CSF fraction (7-12 ml) were significantly higher than those in the first fraction (0-6 ml), indicating the presence of concentration gradients. 5-HIAA was negatively influenced by age and the neuraxis distance in the lying position and positively by atmospheric pressure. Storage time and atmospheric pressure contributed to the variance in dopamine. Both tyrosine, tryptophan and dopamine were linearly correlated with storage time. We also found a significant curvilinear correlation between tapping time and atmospheric pressure. On comparing with previous studies, the results support the notion that the issue of strict bed rest or not prior to lumbar puncture might have to be taken into consideration when interpreting lumbar monoamine CSF data.

  • 3. Eklundh, Thomas
    et al.
    Nordin, Conny
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Intraspinal pressure influences CSF disposition of tryptophan and 5-HIAA2001Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 84-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of monoamine compounds are influenced by factors such as age, gender, height, body weight, tapping time, and atmospheric pressure. We have now examined the role of intraspinal pressure. Thirteen male volunteers underwent lumbar puncture in the right decubitus position without preceding strict bed rest. The intraspinal pressure was recorded, and monoamine precursors, transmitters, and metabolites were analyzed in two consecutively collected CSF fractions. Tryptophan in 12 ml of CSF and the 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid concentration ratio [fraction II (7-12 ml CSF)/fraction I (0-6 ml CSF)] correlated with the intraspinal pressure. Hypothetically, the intraspinal pressure may be a confounding factor for a correct interpretation of CSF tryptophan and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid concentrations, and this is an issue that has to be addressed in future CSF studies. Copyright ⌐ 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  • 4.
    Gunnarsson, Tove
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Department of Internal Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Nordin, Conny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Depressive Symptoms in Hypothyroid Disorder with some Observations on Biochemical Correlates2001Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 70-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lumbar punctures and ratings of depressive symptoms were done in hypothyroid patients before and during L-thyroxine therapy. Before treatment, the most prominent symptoms were concentration difficulties, lassitude, and reduced sexual interest. All patients suffered from sleep disturbances. Suicidal thoughts did not occur at all. Inner tension was negatively correlated with the anxiogenic cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), while reduced sexual interest was negatively correlated with CSF tryptophan. Furthermore, failing memory correlated negatively with T3 as well as T4 in serum. A positive correlation was found between failing memory and serum TSH. All patients improved significantly during treatment. No biochemical correlates were found. In conclusion, hypothyroidism is associated with major depressive symptoms. CSF CCK-4 and tryptophan, as well as serum thyroid hormones, may constitute biochemical correlates for some of these symptoms.

  • 5.
    Gustafsson, Per E.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Gustafsson, Per A.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Ivarsson, Tord
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden; The Regional Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (R. BUP), Oslo, Norway.
    Nelson, Nina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Diurnal Cortisol Levels and Cortisol Response in Youths with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder2008Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 57, nr 1-2, s. 14-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aims: Recent results indicate a role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although childhood onset is common, the HPA axis has scarcely been studied in young OCD subjects. Therefore, the present study aimed at examining basal and response levels of salivary cortisol in a sample of young OCD subjects.

    Methods: Twenty-three children and adolescents with DSM-IV OCD were compared to a reference group of school children (n = 240-336). The basal cortisol rhythm was measured through saliva samples 3 times/day. The cortisol response to a psychological stressor (exposure therapy in the OCD group and a fire alarm in the reference group) was also examined.

    Results: Compared to the reference group, OCD subjects displayed higher early-morning cortisol values (p = 0.005) with no difference between the late-morning and evening values. The cortisol levels in the OCD group diminished in response to the psychological stressor, compared to a positive response in the reference group (p < 0.001). No relation was found between cortisol and clinical parameters.

    Conclusion: These results support the idea that HPA hyperactivity, commonly found in adult OCD patients, is also present at an earlier stage of development, with specificity for the early-morning peak.

  • 6.
    Nordin, Conny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Eklundh, Thomas
    Eriksson, Mats
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    CSF collection time at lumbar puncture is influenced by plasma cholesterol and triglycerides2001Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 19-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a fairly well-known fact that the CSF collection time (tapping time) at lumbar puncture may influence CSF levels of monoamine compounds (e.g. the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, 5-HIAA) and some neuropeptides. Since serum levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and low CSF levels of 5-HIAA have been linked to violent behaviour and impulsivity, we investigated retrospectively whether serum cholesterol and triglycerides affect CSF collection time. The series consists of 14 healthy males lumbar punctured at the L4-5 level. We found that both serum cholesterol and serum triglycerides influenced the CSF collection time for 12 ml of CSF (R = 0.77, p = 0.0067). There was no correlation between cholesterol in serum and CSF, nor between cholesterol in the CSF and collection time. However, we accidentally found a correlation between cholesterol in the CSF and age. The proposed hypothesis tries to explain why cholesterol- and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles modify the CSF collection time and influence endothelial function with a subsequent effect on CSF production and/or intraspinal pressure. Thus, it may be of interest to pay attention to serum cholesterol and triglycerides, their effect on CSF collection time and, in the next step, their putative impact on levels of various compounds in the CSF. Copyright ⌐ 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  • 7.
    Nordin, Conny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Gupta, Ramesh
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan.
    Sjödin, Ingemar
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Psykiatri. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Cerebrospinal fluid amino acids in pathological gamblers and healthy controls2007Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 56, nr 2-3, s. 152-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Amino acids, such as valine, isoleucine and leucine compete with tyrosine and tryptophan for transport into the brain and might thus affect the central serotonin and catecholamine patterns. Furthermore, the excitatory amino acids glutamic acid, aspartic acid and glycine are known to act on the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, which is part of the reward system. Based on these facts, we have explored the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acids in pathological gambling. Concentrations of amino acids were determined in CSF obtained from one female and 11 pathological male gamblers and 11 healthy male controls. In an ANCOVA with best subset regression, pathological male gamblers had higher CSF levels of the excitatory glutamic and aspartic acids, as well as of phenylalanine, isoleucine, citrulline and glycine. A negative contribution of glycine in interaction with the neuraxis distance might mirror a reduced spinal supply or an altered elimination of glycine in pathological gamblers. A decreasing CSF gradient from the first (0-6 ml) to the third (13-18 ml) CSF fraction was found for glutamic acid, glycine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, ornithine and glutamine in both pathological gamblers and healthy controls. A decreasing gradient was found, however, for aspartic acid and phenylalanine in pathological male gamblers. The altered pattern of CSF amino acids in pathological gamblers might exert an influence on central monoamines as well as on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function. Copyright © 2008 S. Karger AG.

  • 8. Sundman, I
    et al.
    Blennow, K
    Marcusson, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Geriatrik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MC - Medicincentrum, Geriatrik-LAH.
    Increased [3H]tiagabine binding to GAT-1 in the cingulate cortex in schizophrenia2002Inngår i: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 45, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postmortem samples from individuals with schizophrenia (n = 13) and control subjects (n = 10) were investigated for binding of [3H]tiagabine to GABA transporter-1 GAT-1. The binding was analyzed in the cingulate cortex and the caudate nucleus. There were no differences in binding affinity between the groups in any of the investigated areas. The maximum number of binding sites (Bmax) was elevated in the schizophrenic cingulate cortex compared to controls (1,264 ▒ 96 vs. 860 ▒ 123 fmol/mg of protein). The Bmax in the caudate nucleus for schizophrenics (426 ▒ 40 fmol/mg of protein) was the same as for controls (495 ▒ 69 fmol/mg of protein). The increase in GAT-1 in schizophrenia could be explained by a modulatory upregulation in the cingulate cortex. Copyright ⌐ 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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