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  • 1.
    Göransson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Mälardalens högskola.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Inclusive education in Sweden? A critical analysis2011Inngår i: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 541-555Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When it comes to pupils in need of special support and pupils with disabilities, Sweden’s compulsory school system is sometimes considered a one‐track system. This article analyses and critically discusses current policy and practices at various levels of Sweden’s compulsory school system for these pupils. The analysis traces three themes at the national and municipal levels: (1) values and goals; (2) organisation and placement of pupils; and (3) importance of categories in obtaining support. A rather complex picture emerges from this analysis. Several conclusions are made: (1) state policies leave a lot of room for interpretation at the municipal and school levels, and this results in an extensive variation; (2) Swedish state policy is not as inclusive as is often stated; (3) celebration of difference seems to be hard to achieve; (4) learning goals can be a double‐edged sword with regard to inclusion; and (5) most pupils appear to enjoy participation in school, and in an international perspective, Swedish classrooms seem to be largely democratic.

  • 2.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    När olikhet blir problem: handikappforskning, kontext och social interaktion2003Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 10, s. 319-333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Familjen Johansson2001Inngår i: Fånga vardagen : ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv / [ed] Kajsa Ellegård & Elin Wihlborg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, 1, s. 27-40Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ibland kan den allra enklaste och mest vardagliga sak vara ogenomförbar och ibland kan samma sak gå hur lätt som helst. Vad är det som styr våra handlingsmöjligheter? Hur kan man identifiera mönster och vanor i människors uppenbarligen mycket variationsrika och komplexa vardagsliv?I den här boken hanteras dessa frågor från ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv, där en beskrivning av familjen Johanssons vardag används som utgångspunkt för att reflektera över vardagliga situationer som människan ställs inför i sitt hushåll och i samhället. Problematiken betraktas utifrån den enskilda människans plats i tillvaron, där hon ständigt måste göra avvägningar för att passa ihop alla omgivningens möjligheter och krav med det egna hushållets behov och resurser

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Funktionshinder, samtal och självbestämmande: En studie av brukarcentrerade möten2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med avhandlingen är att ur ett medborgarskaps- och kommunikativt perspektiv undersöka och problematisera funktionshindrade ”brukares” självbestämmande i samtal som förs under s.k. brukarcentrerade teammöten organiserade av en vuxen- respektive en barn- och ungdomshabilitering. I mötena deltar en funktionshindrad brukare och/eller anhöriga och professionella från skilda verksamheter. Studien baseras på diskursanalys av 18 observerade och bandinspelade möten hållna av tio olika team. Analyserna visar att brukarna hade ett mer eller mindre begränsat inflytande över samtalens organisering. Inflytandet varierade med organiseringen av samtalen samt med i vilken utsträckning brukarna deltog aktivt genom att identifiera egna problem och framtida mål. Det synliggjorde en spänning mellan ett ”idealt” självbestämmande och brukarnas förmåga/benägenhet att leva upp till de krav som det ”ideala” självbestämmandet ställde och gav upphov till situationer i vilka dilemman mellan självbestämmande och paternalism uppstod. I analyserna av hanterandet av dessa situationer framkom att deltagarna i möten utan deltagande brukare motiverade sina åsikter och beslut rörande behandlingen av brukaren genom att referera till egna övertygelser om vad som är bäst för brukaren respektive till tolkningar av brukarens egna preferenser utifrån hennes/hans agerande i vardagslivet. I möten med deltagande brukare använde övriga deltagare diskursiva strategier som var mer eller mindre paternalistiska då de innebar att de styrde brukaren på ett sätt som det inte var säkert att brukaren själv ville. I avhandlingen diskuteras vilka möjliga strategier som skulle kunna öka brukarnas självbestämmande. Utfallet relateras också till det ”samtalande” och sociala medborgarskap som brukarna i avhandlingen anses utöva samt till andra möjliga innebörder av ett socialt medborgarskapsutövande.

    Delarbeid
    1. Democracy in talk: Dominance in ”usercentered” team meetings
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Democracy in talk: Dominance in ”usercentered” team meetings
    2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 91-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to examine the discursive organization of “user-centred” team meetings in the Swedish rehabilitation sector. The “users” are aged between 4 and 30 and have been ascribed different kinds of impairments. The teams consist of one user and/or her/his relatives and different professionals. The analysis is primarily based on transcriptions of 18 audiotaped team meetings held by 10 different teams and focuses on two dimensions of dominance in interaction: the amount of talk and topic control. The findings point to professional dominance, but parents also have a great influence on the topic control. The degree of participation and the control of topics of the users who participate in the meetings vary, but most of the users become involved primarily by responding to the questions and suggestions of professionals and parents. In order to increase the users' control of the interactions the participants need to continuously discuss the organization of the conversations. The findings are related to complicating aspects of the conversations, including institutionalization, representation difficulties, varying communicative abilities, and expectations of expertise and adult liabilities.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14368 (URN)10.1080/15017410701264418 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-03-26 Laget: 2007-03-26 Sist oppdatert: 2014-09-29
    2. Democracy and dilemmas of self-determination
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Democracy and dilemmas of self-determination
    2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 193-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Results from analyses of interactions in 'user-centred' meetings within the Swedish rehabilitation sector are reported. Transcripts of team meetings are used to discern situations in which dilemmas of self-determination versus paternalism may possibly need to be treated when the 'user' with impairment is to exercise his/her social citizenship. The analyses illustrate how the liberal ideal of self-determination makes certain demands on the 'user'. These demands are categorised as 'physical presence', 'interpretable voice', 'purposeful voice', 'sincere voice' and 'realisable voice'. It is argued that dilemmas of self-determination are impossible to avoid completely. To deal with the complexity of implementing self-determination, it is important to try to adjust the preparations and the organisation of the meetings, increase user control of services provided, combine individualised support with collective and political action, and allow expressions of different models of democracy. The possibility of appreciating interdependence and justifying paternalistic actions also needs to be acknowledged.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14369 (URN)10.1080/09687590500498267 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-03-26 Laget: 2007-03-26
    3. Handling dilemmas of self-determination in ‘user-centred’ rehabilitation
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Handling dilemmas of self-determination in ‘user-centred’ rehabilitation
    2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 245-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe discursive strategies used by different professionals and parents to handle dilemmas of self-determination versus paternalism during six 'user-centred' team meetings in the Swedish rehabilitation sector. The dilemmas arise when the users' responses do not fully meet the demands of the liberal ideal of self-determination.

    Method: Three cases are used to illustrate three discursive strategies that have been found by means of discourse analysis of transcriptions of the audio-recorded meetings. Four teams consisting of one user each participate in the study. The users have been ascribed physical and/or cognitive disabilities and their ages vary between 14 and 30.

    Results: The dilemmas were never made explicit. Parents and professionals performed a kind of paternalistic steering termed 'challenging the user's response', 'substituting for the user', or 'dropping the user's response'.

    Conclusions: The least paternalistic steering includes making the dilemma explicit and offering the user the opportunity of sharing the responsibility for the handling of the situation. However, due to the complexity of the interactions no strategy can be found to either completely prevent the occurrence of dilemmatic situations, or definitely maintain the user's self-determination during dilemmatic situations. Paternalism may occasionally be a just way of enhancing future autonomy.

    Emneord
    Person-centred planning, rehabilitation, disability, self-determination, dilemmas, democracy, discourse analysis
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14370 (URN)10.1080/09638280600756414 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-03-26 Laget: 2007-03-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13
    4. Representing the absent user: A dilemma for citizens by proxy
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Representing the absent user: A dilemma for citizens by proxy
    2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Mental retardation (Washington, D.C. Print), ISSN 0047-6765Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Submitted
    Abstract [en]

    Audio recordings of “user-centered” team meetings are used toinvestigate how participants discursively account for decisions and opinionsabout the everyday treatment of five non-participating “users” with severecognitive impairments. The meetings take place in the Swedish rehabilitationsector and the users’ ages vary. Two accounting forms are discerned and relatedto theories of proxy decision-making proposed in medical ethics. “Accountsreflecting user preferences” mirror autonomy values by including references tointerpretations of the user’s preferences. “Accounts reflecting proxy beliefs” lacksimilar references and mirror the values of beneficence and nonmaleficence. It isargued that the participants shall seek to advance the user’s involvementcontinuously and reflect on to what extent his/her expressions of agency shalldetermine the proxy decision-making.

    Emneord
    Disability, proxy decision-making, democracy, person-centered planning, discourse analysis
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52955 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-01-14 Laget: 2010-01-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-12
  • 5.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Handling dilemmas of self-determination in ‘user-centred’ rehabilitation2007Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 245-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe discursive strategies used by different professionals and parents to handle dilemmas of self-determination versus paternalism during six 'user-centred' team meetings in the Swedish rehabilitation sector. The dilemmas arise when the users' responses do not fully meet the demands of the liberal ideal of self-determination.

    Method: Three cases are used to illustrate three discursive strategies that have been found by means of discourse analysis of transcriptions of the audio-recorded meetings. Four teams consisting of one user each participate in the study. The users have been ascribed physical and/or cognitive disabilities and their ages vary between 14 and 30.

    Results: The dilemmas were never made explicit. Parents and professionals performed a kind of paternalistic steering termed 'challenging the user's response', 'substituting for the user', or 'dropping the user's response'.

    Conclusions: The least paternalistic steering includes making the dilemma explicit and offering the user the opportunity of sharing the responsibility for the handling of the situation. However, due to the complexity of the interactions no strategy can be found to either completely prevent the occurrence of dilemmatic situations, or definitely maintain the user's self-determination during dilemmatic situations. Paternalism may occasionally be a just way of enhancing future autonomy.

  • 6.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ljud eller inte ljud?: Om hemmets sammanvävda ljudmatta2011Inngår i: Sammanvävt: Det goda livet i vardagsforskningen / [ed] Elin Wihlborg och Jenny Palm, Linköpings universitet , 2011, 1, s. 71-86Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Representing the absent user: A dilemma for citizens by proxy2007Inngår i: Mental retardation (Washington, D.C. Print), ISSN 0047-6765Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Audio recordings of “user-centered” team meetings are used toinvestigate how participants discursively account for decisions and opinionsabout the everyday treatment of five non-participating “users” with severecognitive impairments. The meetings take place in the Swedish rehabilitationsector and the users’ ages vary. Two accounting forms are discerned and relatedto theories of proxy decision-making proposed in medical ethics. “Accountsreflecting user preferences” mirror autonomy values by including references tointerpretations of the user’s preferences. “Accounts reflecting proxy beliefs” lacksimilar references and mirror the values of beneficence and nonmaleficence. It isargued that the participants shall seek to advance the user’s involvementcontinuously and reflect on to what extent his/her expressions of agency shalldetermine the proxy decision-making.

  • 8.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Visualize, communicate and change: Developing encounters between households and energy and climate advisers2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Visualize, communicate and change: Energy and climate advisers using time-diaries to change energy demanding activities in households2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Tema Teknik och social förändring Linköpings universitet.
    To discern and time-geographically represent household members' complex patterns of electric appliance use2008Inngår i: 4S/EASST Meeting Acting with Science, Technology and Medicine,2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Visualizing patterns of energy use in households - the activity approach2009Inngår i: eceee 2009 Summer Study: Act! Innovate! Deliver! Reducing energy demand sustainably, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to present an activity approach on energy use in households. The activity approach emanates from time-geography (Hägerstrand 1985, 1974) and forms the basis of VISUAL-TimePAcTS (Vrotsou, Ellegård & Cooper 2007, Ellegård & Cooper 2004), a software developed to visualize householders’ complex everyday life activity patterns, here applied with special reference to the equally complex patterns of energy use. The visualizations show activity patterns on individual, household as well as aggregate levels. We show how national time use surveys – by utilising VISUAL-TimePAcTS – can be used on aggregate levels to discern energy consuming activity patterns in individuals’ activity contexts. In doing so, the activity approach may contribute to a deeper understanding of the relation between the citizens’ everyday activities and energy consumption. Based on a qualitative household study (Karlsson & Widén 2008) in which time-diaries, logbooks, interviews and VISUAL-TimePAcTS were used and a typology of basic use patterns (individual and collective) of electric appliances were developed, the applicability of the activity approach for the promotion of more energy efficient habits among householders is explained. The activity approach brings energy consuming activities to the fore, but how the energy demand on aggregate, household, and individual levels can be accounted for by means of estimations of the amount of energy consumed by various technologies (Widén et al 2008) is also described. Limitations and need for further development of the method are discussed.

  • 12.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Democracy in talk: Dominance in ”usercentered” team meetings2007Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 91-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to examine the discursive organization of “user-centred” team meetings in the Swedish rehabilitation sector. The “users” are aged between 4 and 30 and have been ascribed different kinds of impairments. The teams consist of one user and/or her/his relatives and different professionals. The analysis is primarily based on transcriptions of 18 audiotaped team meetings held by 10 different teams and focuses on two dimensions of dominance in interaction: the amount of talk and topic control. The findings point to professional dominance, but parents also have a great influence on the topic control. The degree of participation and the control of topics of the users who participate in the meetings vary, but most of the users become involved primarily by responding to the questions and suggestions of professionals and parents. In order to increase the users' control of the interactions the participants need to continuously discuss the organization of the conversations. The findings are related to complicating aspects of the conversations, including institutionalization, representation difficulties, varying communicative abilities, and expectations of expertise and adult liabilities.

  • 13.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Democracy and dilemmas of self-determination2006Inngår i: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 193-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Results from analyses of interactions in 'user-centred' meetings within the Swedish rehabilitation sector are reported. Transcripts of team meetings are used to discern situations in which dilemmas of self-determination versus paternalism may possibly need to be treated when the 'user' with impairment is to exercise his/her social citizenship. The analyses illustrate how the liberal ideal of self-determination makes certain demands on the 'user'. These demands are categorised as 'physical presence', 'interpretable voice', 'purposeful voice', 'sincere voice' and 'realisable voice'. It is argued that dilemmas of self-determination are impossible to avoid completely. To deal with the complexity of implementing self-determination, it is important to try to adjust the preparations and the organisation of the meetings, increase user control of services provided, combine individualised support with collective and political action, and allow expressions of different models of democracy. The possibility of appreciating interdependence and justifying paternalistic actions also needs to be acknowledged.

  • 14.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Samhälle, mångfald, Identitet (SMI). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mapping and Characterizing: Nordic Everyday Life Research2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to present references that originate from the Nordic countries,including Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Norway, and that have been assigned the keyword“everyday life” or one of its Nordic counterparts and published in the period 1990 through2008. The presentation includes information on the total number of references from eachcountry, the most frequent authors and the institutions to which they belong, and the referencetypes and the number of each type. Based on an analysis of some limited information aboutthe dissertations and the journals, it is discussed how Nordic everyday life research may becharacterized.

    In total 560 references were found in the search procedure that is described in the report. Thenumber of references from the different countries is: Finland 176, Sweden 171, Denmark 110,and Norway 103. The analysis imply that the field of Nordic everyday life research is big,multifaceted, and multi- and interdisciplinary. It is performed mainly within the frame ofvarious social science subjects, but also to quite a great extent within subjects of healthscience, and to a minor extent within technology subjects. Some of the references seem torepresent studies with a more comprehensive view on the everyday lives of a certain group ofpeople located in the same place or sharing some characteristic and they try to capture bothwhat people do and what they think and experience. Other studies are narrower and focus on,for example, attitudes towards food or how computers are used or should be designed. Inother words Nordic everyday life research is hard to define clearly. The limited analysis andthe fact that the international field of everyday life research is not well known, do not allowconclusions to be drawn about either a typically Nordic character of everyday life research, ordifferences between the Nordic countries. However, the work of mapping Nordic everydaylife research will continue and the plans of constructing an open-access Everyday LifeResearch Database that will be easily accessible on the Internet are presented.

  • 15.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Törnqvist, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Energitjuv eller sparverktyg?: Om användning av informations- och kommunikationsteknologi i hushåll2009Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Widén, Joakim
    Institutionen för Teknikvetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Hushållens elanvändningsmönster identifierade i vardagens aktiviteter2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med rapporten är att bidra med kunskaper som kan användas för identifiering av energieffektiviseringspotentialer i hushåll. Detta görs med utgångspunkt från hushållsmedlemmars beskrivningar av sin syn på den egna elanvändningen och energifrågor överlag, samt sina elkrävande aktiviteter i vardagen. Studien kompletterar Energimyndighetens elmätningsstudie i 400 hushåll och vänder sig till 14 av dessa hushåll. Med hjälp av ett tidsgeografiskt perspektiv presenteras en typologi över grundläggande elanvändningsmönster. En trend mot en individualiserad apparatanvändning med ökad elförbrukning som konsekvens identifieras och diskuteras.     

  • 17.
    Widén, Joakim
    et al.
    Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The influence of Swedish households' everyday activities and electricity-use patterns on the utilization of small-scale photovoltaic systems2009Inngår i: eceee 2009 Summe Study: Act! Innovate! Deliver! Reducing energy demand sustainably, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although many European countries have developed extensive subsidy programmes for photovoltaics (PV) and other small-scale technologies for electricity generation, the interest in such programmes from Swedish legislators has been low. Subsidies for grid-connected PV systems for public buildings have been offered, but so far no initiatives have been directed to residential buildings. A recent inquiry suggests net metering for small-scale electricity producers, which would improve the economics somewhat, but the PV electricity would still be several times more expensive than the utility electricity. Nonetheless, private initiatives have begun to emerge in which companies offer small, yet expensive, systems for photovoltaics and wind power to residential customers.

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate differences in the load-matching capability of PV systems in a number of Swedish households. Seven measurement series of end-use-specific household electricity on 10-minute intervals are used, together with modelled PV generation with the same resolution. The households have participated in interviews that give insight into the routines and habits behind their electricity use. Differences in the daily distribution of loads are determined for various system sizes. The habits behind the electricity loads and the resulting differences in load matching are discussed based on the interviews. Considerable differences between the households are found both in terms of total daily load profiles and of end-use composition, and explanations for these findings are suggested by the interviews.

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