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  • 1.
    Ekman, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Bivik, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Enerbäck, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Overexpression of Psoriasin (S100A7) Contributes to Dysregulated Differentiation in Psoriasis.2017Inngår i: Acta Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, E-ISSN 1651-2057, Vol. 97, nr 4, s. 441-448Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasin, which is highly expressed in psoriasis, is encoded by a gene located within the epidermal differentiation complex. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of endogenous psoriasin on disturbed keratinocyte differentiation in psoriasis. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a gradient of psoriasin expression in the psoriatic epidermis with highest expression in the suprabasal, differentiated layers. Induction of keratinocyte differentiation caused concurrent expression of psoriasin and the differentiation marker involucrin. The differentiation-induced psoriasin expression was found to be mediated by the protein kinase C pathway. The downregulation of psoriasin expression by small interfering RNA revealed that psoriasin mediates the expression of involucrin, desmoglein 1, transglutaminase 1 and CD24 in normal differentiation. The lentivirus-mediated overexpression of psoriasin, mimicking the psoriatic milieu, gave rise to an altered regulation of differentiation genes and an expression pattern reminiscent of that in psoriatic epidermis. These findings suggest that psoriasin contributes to the dysregulated differentiation process in the psoriasis epidermis.

  • 2.
    Shubbar, Emman
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Dermatologi och venerologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Carlström, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Dermatologi och venerologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Petersson, Stina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Dermatologi och venerologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Enerbäck, Charlotta
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi.
    Psoriasin (S100A7) increases the expression of ROS and VEGF and acts through RAGE to promote endothelial cell proliferation2012Inngår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, ISSN 0167-6806, E-ISSN 1573-7217, Vol. 134, nr 1, s. 71-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasin (S100A7), originally identified in psoriasis, is a calcium-binding protein belonging to the multigenic S100 family. In high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ, psoriasin was identified as one of the most abundant transcripts. We have previously shown that psoriasin was induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, the downregulation of psoriasin by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) led to the reduced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether psoriasin could have direct effects on endothelial cells. In this study we demonstrated that psoriasin increased VEGF expression in mammary epithelial cells. The treatment of endothelial cells with recombinant psoriasin increased proliferation comparable to that of recombinant VEGF protein. No change in proliferation was seen when endothelial cells were infected with psoriasin-expressing adenoviruses, suggesting that the proliferative effect of psoriasin was mediated by a specific receptor. Treatment with sRAGE, targeting the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), thus inhibited endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation enhanced by recombinant psoriasin. We showed that VEGF expression was not induced by hydrogen peroxide, when psoriasin was silenced by shRNA, which led to the hypothesis that psoriasin induces ROS. Indeed, psoriasin was shown to induce ROS in both endothelial and epithelial cells. Moreover, sRAGE inhibited the psoriasin-dependent generation of ROS in endothelial cells. Finally, treatment with antioxidant Bcl-2 protein abolished the effect of psoriasin on endothelial cell proliferation. Our data suggest that psoriasin expression in mammary epithelial cells leads to increased endothelial cell proliferation in a paracrine manner through RAGE. Psoriasin may therefore play a role in breast cancer progression by promoting oxidative stress response and angiogenesis.

  • 3.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Psoriasin For Better or for Worse in Sickness and in Health: The Role of Psoriasin in Angiogenesis and Differentation of Epithelial Cells2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasin (S100A7), a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, is highly expressed in high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and in the benign hyper-proliferative skin disorder psoriasis. Both breast cancer and psoriasis are diseases which are characterized by hyperproliferation and a disturbed differentiation of the epithelial cells as well as a pronounced angiogenesis. The potential role of psoriasin in angiogenesis and the epithelial differentiation remain unclear.

    The aim of this thesis was to investigate the cellular effects of psoriasin in angiogenesis and the differentiation processes, with special emphasis on breast cancer and psoriasis.

    We found that psoriasin expression was induced in mammary epithelial cells and keratinocytes by oxidative stress. Psoriasin expression was shown to induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and several other pro-angiogenic factors in epithelial cells. Upon down-regulation of psoriasin, H2O2-induced expression of VEGF was decreased as well as the pro-angiogenic factors heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1. Extracellular psoriasin contributed to the subsequent induction of proliferation, migration and tube formation of endothelial cells. The proliferative effect of psoriasin was shown to be mediated by the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). Furthermore, psoriasin induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in both endothelial and epithelial cells through the action of RAGE, and contributed to the expression of the pro-angiogenic factors in endothelial cells.

    The expression of psoriasin was up-regulated in mammary epithelial cells and keratinocytes in response to differentiation-inducing stimuli and was shown to be regulated by pathways involved in epithelial cell differentiation. Upon psoriasin down-regulation the shift towards a more differentiated CD24+-phenotype of mammary epithelial cells was abolished. Furthermore, the expression of the differentiation markers involucrin, desmoglein 1, transglutaminase 1 and CD24 was decreased in keratinocytes upon down-regulation of psoriasin expression. In vivo we demonstrated a gradient of psoriasin expression in the psoriatic epidermis, with intense expression in the suprabasal differentiated layers, and a similar staining pattern between psoriasin and the differentiation marker CD24 in DCIS tumors.

    In conclusion, our findings describe psoriasin as a mediator in the angiogenic process and a contributor of epithelial cell differentiation. Consequently, psoriasin is possibly a contributor to the development and progression of breast cancer and psoriasis and a potential target in the treatment of these diseases.

    Delarbeid
    1. Psoriasin (S100A7) increases the expression of ROS and VEGF and acts through RAGE to promote endothelial cell proliferation
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psoriasin (S100A7) increases the expression of ROS and VEGF and acts through RAGE to promote endothelial cell proliferation
    Vise andre…
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, ISSN 0167-6806, E-ISSN 1573-7217, Vol. 134, nr 1, s. 71-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasin (S100A7), originally identified in psoriasis, is a calcium-binding protein belonging to the multigenic S100 family. In high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ, psoriasin was identified as one of the most abundant transcripts. We have previously shown that psoriasin was induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, the downregulation of psoriasin by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) led to the reduced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether psoriasin could have direct effects on endothelial cells. In this study we demonstrated that psoriasin increased VEGF expression in mammary epithelial cells. The treatment of endothelial cells with recombinant psoriasin increased proliferation comparable to that of recombinant VEGF protein. No change in proliferation was seen when endothelial cells were infected with psoriasin-expressing adenoviruses, suggesting that the proliferative effect of psoriasin was mediated by a specific receptor. Treatment with sRAGE, targeting the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), thus inhibited endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation enhanced by recombinant psoriasin. We showed that VEGF expression was not induced by hydrogen peroxide, when psoriasin was silenced by shRNA, which led to the hypothesis that psoriasin induces ROS. Indeed, psoriasin was shown to induce ROS in both endothelial and epithelial cells. Moreover, sRAGE inhibited the psoriasin-dependent generation of ROS in endothelial cells. Finally, treatment with antioxidant Bcl-2 protein abolished the effect of psoriasin on endothelial cell proliferation. Our data suggest that psoriasin expression in mammary epithelial cells leads to increased endothelial cell proliferation in a paracrine manner through RAGE. Psoriasin may therefore play a role in breast cancer progression by promoting oxidative stress response and angiogenesis.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76132 (URN)10.1007/s10549-011-1920-5 (DOI)22189627 (PubMedID)000306437500008 (Scopus ID)
    Merknad

    funding agencies|Swedish Cancer Society||Swedish Psoriasis Association||Assar Gabrielsson Foundation||Welander Foundation||Tore Nilsson Foundation||

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-03-28 Laget: 2012-03-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07
    2. Psoriasin (S100A7) contributes to stress-induced angiogenesis in psoriasis by the regulation of angiogenic factors in keratinocytes and promotion of angiogenic properties of dermal endothelial cells
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psoriasin (S100A7) contributes to stress-induced angiogenesis in psoriasis by the regulation of angiogenic factors in keratinocytes and promotion of angiogenic properties of dermal endothelial cells
    2014 (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The S100 protein psoriasin, S100A7, is highly expressed in psoriasis. Vascular modifications occur early in the development of psoriasis and angiogenesis is one of the key features in the pathogenesis of the disease. This study aims to define the angiogenic properties of psoriasin in keratinocytes and to investigate the effects on dermal endothelial cells, thereby promoting angiogenesis in psoriasis. We showed that psoriasin expression, demonstrated by qPCR, is induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in keratinocytes and by cellular stress, such as hypoxia and cobalt chloride (CoCl2). Down-regulation of psoriasin, by siRNA, decreased the H2O2-induced expression of VEGF, heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, and counteracted the reduction of the anti-angiogenic factor thrombospondin (THBS)-1. Extracellularly psoriasin was found to induce cell proliferation, migration and tube formation to a similar degree as VEGF and to induce the pro-angiogenic factors VEGF and IL-8 in dermal endothelial cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that psoriasin-induced migration was mediated by the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-κB) signaling pathways. In conclusion, psoriasin is induced by cellular stress conditions and amplifies H2O2-induced expression of angiogenic factors relevant for psoriasis in keratinocytes. Moreover, psoriasin contributes to key features of the angiogenic process by inducing proliferation, migration and tube formation and increasing pro-angiogenic factors in dermal endothelial cell. Altogether, our data suggest that psoriasin is promoted by oxidative stress and mediate angiogenesis in psoriasis.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110028 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-09-01 Laget: 2014-09-01 Sist oppdatert: 2015-04-09bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. The Expression of Psoriasin (S100A7) and CD24 Is Linked and Related to the Differentiation of Mammary Epithelial Cells
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Expression of Psoriasin (S100A7) and CD24 Is Linked and Related to the Differentiation of Mammary Epithelial Cells
    Vise andre…
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, nr 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasin (S100A7), a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, is highly expressed in high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and in the benign hyperproliferative skin disorder psoriasis. The gene that encodes psoriasin and many other S100 genes are located within a gene cluster on chromosome region 1q21, known as the epidermal differentiation complex. This cluster contains genes for several differentiation markers that play important roles in the terminal differentiation of the epidermis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the role of psoriasin in the differentiation process of mammary epithelial cells. Normal mammary epithelial cells (MCF10A) cultured in confluence and suspension, conditions known to induce psoriasin expression, demonstrated a shift towards a more differentiated phenotype indicated by an increase in the expression of the luminal differentiation markers CD24 and MUC1 and the reduced expression of the breast stem cell marker CD44. The expression of psoriasin and MUC1 was most pronounced in the CD24(+)-enriched fraction of confluent MCF10A cells. The shift towards a more differentiated phenotype was abolished upon the downregulation of psoriasin using short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA). Using specific inhibitors, we showed that psoriasin and CD24 expression was regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B signaling pathways. While immunohistochemical analyses of DCIS showed heterogeneity, the expression of psoriasin and CD24 showed a similar staining pattern. Our findings suggest that the expression of psoriasin is linked to the luminal differentiation marker CD24 in mammary epithelial cells. Psoriasin demonstrated an essential role in the shift towards a more differentiated CD24(+) phenotype, supporting the hypothesis that psoriasin plays a role in the differentiation of luminal mammary epithelial cells.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Public Library of Science, 2012
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88366 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0053119 (DOI)000312829100122 ()
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Ingrid Asp Foundation||Swedish Cancer Society||Swedish Psoriasis Association||Welander Foundation||

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-02-04 Laget: 2013-02-04 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06
    4. Psoriasin (S100A7) is regulated by protein kinase C (PKC) and contributes to keratinocyte differentiation by regulating the expression of epidermal differentiation markers
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psoriasin (S100A7) is regulated by protein kinase C (PKC) and contributes to keratinocyte differentiation by regulating the expression of epidermal differentiation markers
    2014 (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by hyperproliferation and a disturbed maturation of the epidermal cells. The differentiation process of keratinocytes in active psoriatic lesions differs from that of normal epidermis, denoted by an altered expression of differentiation markers. Psoriasin, a protein which is highly expressed in psoriasis, is located within the epidermal differentiation complex (EDC), a gene cluster that contains several genes that are important in the terminal differentiation of the human epidermis. The potential role of psoriasin in keratinocyte differentiation remain however unclear. The aim of this present study was to investigate the possible involvement of psoriasin in keratinocyte differentiation. We demonstrated, by immunohistochemical staining, a gradient of psoriasin expression in the psoriatic epidermis, from an undefined or weak expression in the basal layer to an intense expression in the suprabasal differentiated layers. The expression of psoriasin was up-regulated in cultured keratinocytes in response to stimuli known to induce differentiation, such as an elevation of extracellular calcium or  12-Otetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Down-regulation of psoriasin expression, by siRNA, resulted in decreased expression of the differentiation markers involucrin, desmoglein 1, transglutaminase 1 and CD24. Inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) counteracted the calciuminduced expression of psoriasin and involucrin. In summary, our data demonstrate that psoriasin is regulated by the PKC signaling pathway and contributes to keratinocyte differentiation by the regulation of differentiation markers.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110030 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-09-01 Laget: 2014-09-01 Sist oppdatert: 2015-04-09bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 4.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bivik, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ekman, Anna-Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Enerbäck, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Psoriasin (S100A7) contributes to stress-induced angiogenesis in psoriasis by the regulation of angiogenic factors in keratinocytes and promotion of angiogenic properties of dermal endothelial cells2014Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The S100 protein psoriasin, S100A7, is highly expressed in psoriasis. Vascular modifications occur early in the development of psoriasis and angiogenesis is one of the key features in the pathogenesis of the disease. This study aims to define the angiogenic properties of psoriasin in keratinocytes and to investigate the effects on dermal endothelial cells, thereby promoting angiogenesis in psoriasis. We showed that psoriasin expression, demonstrated by qPCR, is induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in keratinocytes and by cellular stress, such as hypoxia and cobalt chloride (CoCl2). Down-regulation of psoriasin, by siRNA, decreased the H2O2-induced expression of VEGF, heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, and counteracted the reduction of the anti-angiogenic factor thrombospondin (THBS)-1. Extracellularly psoriasin was found to induce cell proliferation, migration and tube formation to a similar degree as VEGF and to induce the pro-angiogenic factors VEGF and IL-8 in dermal endothelial cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that psoriasin-induced migration was mediated by the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-κB) signaling pathways. In conclusion, psoriasin is induced by cellular stress conditions and amplifies H2O2-induced expression of angiogenic factors relevant for psoriasis in keratinocytes. Moreover, psoriasin contributes to key features of the angiogenic process by inducing proliferation, migration and tube formation and increasing pro-angiogenic factors in dermal endothelial cell. Altogether, our data suggest that psoriasin is promoted by oxidative stress and mediate angiogenesis in psoriasis.

  • 5.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ekman, Anna-Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bivik, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Enerbäck, Charlotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Psoriasin (S100A7) is regulated by protein kinase C (PKC) and contributes to keratinocyte differentiation by regulating the expression of epidermal differentiation markers2014Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by hyperproliferation and a disturbed maturation of the epidermal cells. The differentiation process of keratinocytes in active psoriatic lesions differs from that of normal epidermis, denoted by an altered expression of differentiation markers. Psoriasin, a protein which is highly expressed in psoriasis, is located within the epidermal differentiation complex (EDC), a gene cluster that contains several genes that are important in the terminal differentiation of the human epidermis. The potential role of psoriasin in keratinocyte differentiation remain however unclear. The aim of this present study was to investigate the possible involvement of psoriasin in keratinocyte differentiation. We demonstrated, by immunohistochemical staining, a gradient of psoriasin expression in the psoriatic epidermis, from an undefined or weak expression in the basal layer to an intense expression in the suprabasal differentiated layers. The expression of psoriasin was up-regulated in cultured keratinocytes in response to stimuli known to induce differentiation, such as an elevation of extracellular calcium or  12-Otetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Down-regulation of psoriasin expression, by siRNA, resulted in decreased expression of the differentiation markers involucrin, desmoglein 1, transglutaminase 1 and CD24. Inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) counteracted the calciuminduced expression of psoriasin and involucrin. In summary, our data demonstrate that psoriasin is regulated by the PKC signaling pathway and contributes to keratinocyte differentiation by the regulation of differentiation markers.

  • 6.
    Vegfors, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Ekman, Anna-Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Stoll, S W
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A.
    Bivik Eding, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Enerbäck, Charlotta
    Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Psoriasin (S100A7) promotes stress-induced angiogenesis.2016Inngår i: British Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0007-0963, E-ISSN 1365-2133, Vol. 175, nr 6, s. 1263-1273Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Vascular modifications occur early in the development of psoriasis, and angiogenesis is one of the key features in the pathogenesis of the disease.

    OBJECTIVES: To identify the role of the S100 protein psoriasin in psoriasis-associated angiogenesis.

    METHODS: The role of psoriasin in mediating angiogenesis was investigated by silencing psoriasin with small interfering RNA (siRNA) and measuring psoriasis-associated angiogenic factors in human epidermal keratinocytes. The secretion of psoriasin and the effect of psoriasin on general regulators of angiogenesis in keratinocytes, and on endothelial cell migration, proliferation, tube formation and production of angiogenic mediators, was evaluated.

    RESULTS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and hypoxia induced the expression of psoriasin. Downregulation of psoriasin in keratinocytes using siRNA altered the ROS-induced expression of the psoriasis-associated angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase 1 and thrombospondin 1. Overexpression of psoriasin altered several regulators of angiogenesis and led to the secretion of psoriasin. Treatment with extracellular psoriasin induced proliferation, migration and tube formation in dermal-derived endothelial cells to a similar extent as VEGF and interleukin-17, and induced the expression and release of proangiogenic mediators. These effects were suggested to be mediated by the PI3K and nuclear factor kappa B pathways.

    CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that psoriasin expression is promoted by oxidative stress in keratinocytes and amplifies the ROS-induced expression of angiogenic factors relevant to psoriasis. Moreover, extracellularly secreted psoriasin may act on dermal endothelial cells to contribute to key features angiogenesis.

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