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  • 1.
    Al-Dury, Nooraldeen
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens University Hospital, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden; Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Stromsoe, Anneli
    School Health Care and Social Welf, Sweden.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrens University Hospital, Sweden.
    Agerstrom, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens University Hospital, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens University Hospital, Sweden; University of Boras, Sweden.
    Characteristics and outcome among 14,933 adult cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide study with the emphasis on gender and age2017Ingår i: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171, Vol. 35, nr 12, s. 1839-1844Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate characteristics and outcome among patients suffering in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) with the emphasis on gender and age. Methods: Using the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, we analyzed associations between gender, age and co-morbidities, etiology, management, 30-day survival and cerebral function among survivors in 14,933 cases of IHCA. Age was divided into three ordered categories: young (18-49 years), middle-aged (5064 years) and older (65 years and above). Comparisons between men and women were age adjusted. Results: The mean age was 72.7 years and women were significantly older than men. Renal dysfunction was the most prevalent co-morbidity. Myocardial infarction/ischemia was the most common condition preceding IHCA, with men having 27% higher odds of having MI as the underlying etiology. A shockable rhythm was found in 31.8% of patients, with men having 52% higher odds of being found in VT/VF. After adjusting for various confounders, it was found that men had a 10% lower chance than women of surviving to 30 days. Older individuals were managed less aggressively than younger patients. Increasing age was associated with lower 30-day survival but not with poorer cerebral function among survivors. Conclusion: When adjusting for various confounders, it was found that men had a 10% lower chance than women of surviving to 30 days after in-hospital cardiac arrest. Older individuals were managed less aggressively than younger patients, despite a lower chance of survival. Higher age was, however, not associated with poorer cerebral function among survivors. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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