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  • 1.
    Admassie, Shimelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Ajjan, Fátima
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Biopolymer hybrid electrodes for scalable electricity storage2016Ingår i: Materials Horizons, ISSN 2051-6347, E-ISSN 2051-6355, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 174-185Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Powering the future, while maintaining a cleaner environment and a strong socioeconomic growth, is going to be one of the biggest challenges faced by mankind in the 21st century. The first step in overcoming the challenge for a sustainable future is to use energy more efficiently so that the demand for fossil fuels can be reduced drastically. The second step is a transition from the use of fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. In this sense, organic electrode materials are becoming increasingly attractive compared to inorganic electrode materials which have reached a plateau regarding performance and have severe drawbacks in terms of cost, safety and environmental friendliness. Using organic composites based on conducting polymers, such as polypyrrole, and abundant, cheap and naturally occurring biopolymers rich in quinones, such as lignin, has recently emerged as an interesting alternative. These materials, which exhibit electronic and ionic conductivity, provide challenging opportunities in the development of new charge storage materials. This review presents an overview of recent developments in organic biopolymer composite electrodes as renewable electroactive materials towards sustainable, cheap and scalable energy storage devices.

  • 2.
    Admassie, Shimelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Jager, Edwin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bao, Qinye
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A renewable biopolymer cathode with multivalent metal ions for enhanced charge storage2014Ingår i: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 2, nr 6, s. 1974-1979Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A ternary composite supercapacitor electrode consisting of phosphomolybdic acid (HMA), a renewable biopolymer, lignin, and polypyrrole was synthesized by a simple one-step simultaneous electrochemical deposition and characterized by electrochemical methods. It was found that the addition of HMA increased the specific capacitance of the polypyrrole-lignin composite from 477 to 682 F g(-1) ( at a discharge current of 1 A g(-1)) and also significantly improved the charge storage capacity from 6(to 128 mA h g(-1).

  • 3.
    Ajjan, Fátima
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Casado, N.
    University of Basque Country, Spain.
    Rebis, Tomasz
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Solin, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mecerreyes, D.
    University of Basque Country, Spain; Ikerbasque, Spain.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    High performance PEDOT/lignin biopolymer composites for electrochemical supercapacitors2016Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 4, nr 5, s. 1838-1847Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing sustainable organic electrode materials for energy storage applications is an urgent task. We present a promising candidate based on the use of lignin, the second most abundant biopolymer in nature. This polymer is combined with a conducting polymer, where lignin as a polyanion can behave both as a dopant and surfactant. The synthesis of PEDOT/Lig biocomposites by both oxidative chemical and electrochemical polymerization of EDOT in the presence of lignin sulfonate is presented. The characterization of PEDOT/Lig was performed by UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, FTIR infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge. PEDOT doped with lignin doubles the specific capacitance (170.4 F g(-1)) compared to reference PEDOT electrodes (80.4 F g(-1)). The enhanced energy storage performance is a consequence of the additional pseudocapacitance generated by the quinone moieties in lignin, which give rise to faradaic reactions. Furthermore PEDOT/Lig is a highly stable biocomposite, retaining about 83% of its electroactivity after 1000 charge/discharge cycles. These results illustrate that the redox doping strategy is a facile and straightforward approach to improve the electroactive performance of PEDOT.

  • 4.
    Bäcklund, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ajjan, Fatimá Nadia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Babenko, Viktoria
    Department of Chemistry, Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Dzwolak, Wojciech
    Department of Chemistry, Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Solin, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    PEDOT-S coated protein fibril microhelicesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We show here the preparation and characterization of micrometer sized conductive helices. We utilize protein fibrils as structural templates to create chiral helices with either right or left handed helicity. The helices are coated with the conductive polymer alkoxysulfonate poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT-S) to create micrometer sized conductive helices. The coating acts as a stabilizer for the template structure, facilitates the preparation of solid state films and shows significant conductivity. The helices have been investigated using Circular Dichroism (CD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the conductivity have been measured for solid state films.

  • 5.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    On decoration of biomolecular scaffolds with a conjugated polyelectrolyte2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Biotemplating is the art of using a biological structure as a scaffold which is decorated with a functional material. In this fashion the structures will gain new functionalities and biotemplating offers a simple route of mass-producing mesoscopic material with new interesting properties. Biological structures are abundant and come in a great variety of elaborate and due to their natural origin they could be more suitable for interaction with biological systems than wholly synthetic materials. Conducting polymers are a novel class of material which was developed just 40 years ago and are well suited for interaction with biological material due to their organic composition. Furthermore the electronic properties of the conducting polymers can be tuned giving rise to dynamic control of the behavior of the material. Self-assembly processes are interesting since they do not require complicated or energy demanding processing conditions. This is particularly important as most biological materials are unstable at elevated temperatures or harsh environments. The main aim of this thesis is to show the possibility of using self-assembly to decorate a conducting polymer onto various biotemplates. Due to the intrinsic variety in charge, size and structure between the available natural scaffolds it is difficult, if not impossible, to find a universal method.

    In this thesis we show how biotemplating can be used to create new hybrid materials by self-assembling a conducting polymer with biological structures based on DNA, protein, lipids and cellulose, and in this fashion create material with novel optical and electronic properties.

    Delarbeten
    1. Functionalisation of recombinant spider silk with conjugated polyelectrolytes
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Functionalisation of recombinant spider silk with conjugated polyelectrolytes
    Visa övriga...
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry, ISSN 0959-9428, E-ISSN 1364-5501, Vol. 21, nr 9, s. 2909-2915Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Conjugated polyelectrolytes are demonstrated to permit facile staining of recombinant spider silk fibres. We find that the polyelectrolyte concentration and pH of the staining solution as well as the incubation temperature strongly influence the efficiency of this self-assembly process, which appears to be principally mediated through favourable electrostatic interactions. Thus, depending on the choice of staining conditions as well as the polyelectrolyte, electrically conductive or photoluminescent recombinant silk fibres could be produced. In addition, staining of natural Bombyx mori silk is established, which emphasises the versatility of the here advanced approach to functionalise silk-based materials.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66131 (URN)10.1039/c0jm03270k (DOI)000287369300019 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-04 Skapad: 2011-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11
    2. Electronic Polymers and DNA Self-assembled in Nanowire Transistors
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Electronic Polymers and DNA Self-assembled in Nanowire Transistors
    2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, E-ISSN 1613-6829, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 363-368Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the fully acidic form of PEDOT-S was used for the purpose of self-assembly onto DNA. We have previously shown that PEDOT-S is a short polymer that is self-doped with !1/3 of the sulfonate side groups acting as the self-doping sites (see supporting info.). The remaining sulfonate groups contribute to a net anionic charge, and a water-soluble polymer, with an intrinsic bulk conductivity of around 30 S/cm. It has been shown that PEDOT-S can bind to oppositely charged cationic amyloid protein structures in water and form conducting nano fibrillar networks, and it has also been shown to form hybrid structures with synthetic peptides, and gold nanoparticles.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Wiley-VCH Verlag Berlin, 2013
    Nyckelord
    Organic electronics, conducting polymers, DNA nanotechnology, molecular selfassembly, organic electrochemical transistors
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Naturvetenskap Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81344 (URN)10.1002/smll.201201771 (DOI)000314547200005 ()
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Strategic Research Foundation SSF through the program OPEN||

    Tillgänglig från: 2012-09-12 Skapad: 2012-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Electronic polymers in lipid membranes
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Electronic polymers in lipid membranes
    Visa övriga...
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, nr 11242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Electrical interfaces between biological cells and man-made electrical devices exist in many forms, but it remains a challenge to bridge the different mechanical and chemical environments of electronic conductors (metals, semiconductors) and biosystems. Here we demonstrate soft electrical interfaces, by integrating the metallic polymer PEDOT-S into lipid membranes. By preparing complexes between alkyl-ammonium salts and PEDOT-S we were able to integrate PEDOT-S into both liposomes and in lipid bilayers on solid surfaces. This is a step towards efficient electronic conduction within lipid membranes. We also demonstrate that the PEDOT-S@alkyl-ammonium: lipid hybrid structures created in this work affect ion channels in the membrane of Xenopus oocytes, which shows the possibility to access and control cell membrane structures with conductive polyelectrolytes.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Nature Publishing Group, 2015
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Biofysik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120045 (URN)10.1038/srep11242 (DOI)000356090400002 ()26059023 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Swedish Research Council

    Tillgänglig från: 2015-07-06 Skapad: 2015-07-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-25
    4. Protein nanowires with conductive properties
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Protein nanowires with conductive properties
    Visa övriga...
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, E-ISSN 2050-7534, Vol. 3, nr 25, s. 6499-6504Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Herein we report on the investigation of self-assembled protein nanofibrils functionalized with metallic organic compounds. We have characterized the electronic behaviour of individual nanowires using conductive atomic force microscopy. In order to follow the self assembly process we have incorporated fluorescent molecules into the protein and used the energy transfer between the internalized dye and the metallic coating to probe the binding of the polyelectrolyte to the fibril.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Biologiska vetenskaper
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120179 (URN)10.1039/c5tc00896d (DOI)000356529100010 ()
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation through a Wallenberg Scholar grant

    Tillgänglig från: 2015-07-13 Skapad: 2015-07-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04
    5. Conducting microhelices from self-assembly of protein fibrils
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conducting microhelices from self-assembly of protein fibrils
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    2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 13, nr 25, s. 4412-4417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Herein we utilize insulin to prepare amyloid based chiral heliceswith either right or left handed helicity. We demonstrate that thehelices can be utilized as structural templates for the conductingpolymer alkoxysulfonate poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT-S).The chirality of the helical assembly is transferred to PEDOT-S asdemonstrated by polarized optical microscopy (POM) and CircularDichroism (CD). Analysis of the helices by conductive atomic force(c-AFM) shows significant conductivity. In addition the morphologyof the template structure is stabilized by PEDOT-S. Theseconductive helical structures represent promising candidates in ourquest for THz resonators.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Kemi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137821 (URN)10.1039/c7sm00068e (DOI)000404564500001 ()28590474 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding agencies: Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University [SFO-Mat-LiU 2009-00971]; Strategic Research Foundation through the project OPEN; Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation; Wallenberg Scholar gran

    Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-31 Skapad: 2017-05-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-04
  • 6.
    Elfwing, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bäcklund, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Musumeci, Chiara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Solin, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Protein nanowires with conductive properties2015Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, E-ISSN 2050-7534, Vol. 3, nr 25, s. 6499-6504Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein we report on the investigation of self-assembled protein nanofibrils functionalized with metallic organic compounds. We have characterized the electronic behaviour of individual nanowires using conductive atomic force microscopy. In order to follow the self assembly process we have incorporated fluorescent molecules into the protein and used the energy transfer between the internalized dye and the metallic coating to probe the binding of the polyelectrolyte to the fibril.

  • 7.
    Hamedi, Mahiar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gabrielsson, Roger H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Organisk Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Electronic Polymers and DNA Self-assembled in Nanowire Transistors2013Ingår i: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, E-ISSN 1613-6829, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 363-368Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the fully acidic form of PEDOT-S was used for the purpose of self-assembly onto DNA. We have previously shown that PEDOT-S is a short polymer that is self-doped with !1/3 of the sulfonate side groups acting as the self-doping sites (see supporting info.). The remaining sulfonate groups contribute to a net anionic charge, and a water-soluble polymer, with an intrinsic bulk conductivity of around 30 S/cm. It has been shown that PEDOT-S can bind to oppositely charged cationic amyloid protein structures in water and form conducting nano fibrillar networks, and it has also been shown to form hybrid structures with synthetic peptides, and gold nanoparticles.

  • 8.
    Johansson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Jullesson, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Liin, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Musumeci, Chiara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Zeglio, Erica
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elinder, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Solin, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Electronic polymers in lipid membranes2015Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, nr 11242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrical interfaces between biological cells and man-made electrical devices exist in many forms, but it remains a challenge to bridge the different mechanical and chemical environments of electronic conductors (metals, semiconductors) and biosystems. Here we demonstrate soft electrical interfaces, by integrating the metallic polymer PEDOT-S into lipid membranes. By preparing complexes between alkyl-ammonium salts and PEDOT-S we were able to integrate PEDOT-S into both liposomes and in lipid bilayers on solid surfaces. This is a step towards efficient electronic conduction within lipid membranes. We also demonstrate that the PEDOT-S@alkyl-ammonium: lipid hybrid structures created in this work affect ion channels in the membrane of Xenopus oocytes, which shows the possibility to access and control cell membrane structures with conductive polyelectrolytes.

  • 9.
    Martinsson, Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sepulveda, Borja
    ICN2 Institute Catala Nanociencia and Nanotecnol, Spain; CSIC Consejo Super Invest Cient, Spain.
    Chen, Peng
    Nanyang Technology University, Singapore.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Liedberg, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Nanyang Technology University, Singapore.
    Aili, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Optimizing the Refractive Index Sensitivity of Plasmonically Coupled Gold Nanoparticles2014Ingår i: PLASMONICS, ISSN 1557-1955, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 773-780Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility to enhance the local refractive index sensitivity using plasmonic coupling between spherical gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) has been investigated. A strong and distinct optical coupling between Au-NPs of various sizes was achieved by controlling the interparticle separation using a layer-by-layer assembly of polyelectrolytes. The frequency of the coupled plasmon peak could be tuned by varying either the particle size or the interparticle separation, shown both experimentally and by theoretical simulations. The bulk refractive index (RI) sensitivity for the plasmonic coupling modes was investigated and compared to the RI sensitivity of monolayers of well-separated Au-NPs, and the results clearly demonstrates that the RI sensitivity can be significantly enhanced in plasmonically coupled Au-NPs. The proposed approach is simple and scalable and improves the rather modest RI sensitivity of spherical gold nanoparticles with a factor of 3, providing a new route for fabrication of inexpensive sensors based on plasmonic nanostructures.

  • 10.
    Molla, Shimelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Electrochemical Synthesis and Characterization of Interpenetrating Networks of Conducting Polymers for Enhanced Charge Storage2016Ingår i: ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES, ISSN 2196-7350, Vol. 3, nr 10, s. 1500533-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A supercapacitor electrode consisting of an interpenetrating network of poly(aminoanthraquinone) (PAAQ) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) is synthesized by a simple two-step galvanostatic deposition and characterized by electrochemical methods. By electrodepositing PEDOT on top of PAAQ, it is possible to access the quinones in PAAQ and as a result the specific capacitance of PAAQ increases from 90 to 383 F g(-1) and also significantly improves the charge-storage capacity from 25 to 106 mAh g(-1) at a discharge current of 1 A g(-1). These values are also significantly higher than most reported values for PEDOT and hybrids. Moreover, the hybrid material shows excellent stability with 91% of the initial capacitance being retained after 2000 cycles at a discharge rate of 2 A g(-1).

  • 11.
    Molla, Shimelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Skallberg, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär ytfysik och nanovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Extracting metal ions from water with redox active biopolymer electrodes2015Ingår i: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-WATER RESEARCH and TECHNOLOGY, ISSN 2053-1400, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 326-331Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable, environmentally friendly and cheap materials like lignin and cellulose have been considered as promising materials for use in energy storage technologies. Here, we report a new application for biopolymer electrodes where they can also be simultaneously used as ion pumps to purify industrial wastewater and drinking water contaminated with toxic metals. A ternary composite film consisting of a conducting polymer polypyrrole (PPy), biopolymer lignin (LG) and anthraquinonesulfonate (AQS) was synthesized by one-step galvanostatic polymerization from an aqueous electrolyte solution. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) techniques revealed that lead ions can be extracted from a neutral aqueous solution containing lead ions by applying a potential, and can be released into another solution by reversing the polarity of the applied potential. Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance was used to quantify the amount of metal ions that can be extracted and released.

  • 12.
    Müller, Christian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Jansson, Ronnie
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, SLU, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Askarieh, Glareh
    Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala BioCenter, SLU, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Karlsson, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hamedi, Mahiar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rising, Anna
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, SLU, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Johansson, Jan
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, SLU, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hedhammar, My
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, SLU, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Functionalisation of recombinant spider silk with conjugated polyelectrolytes2011Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry, ISSN 0959-9428, E-ISSN 1364-5501, Vol. 21, nr 9, s. 2909-2915Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conjugated polyelectrolytes are demonstrated to permit facile staining of recombinant spider silk fibres. We find that the polyelectrolyte concentration and pH of the staining solution as well as the incubation temperature strongly influence the efficiency of this self-assembly process, which appears to be principally mediated through favourable electrostatic interactions. Thus, depending on the choice of staining conditions as well as the polyelectrolyte, electrically conductive or photoluminescent recombinant silk fibres could be produced. In addition, staining of natural Bombyx mori silk is established, which emphasises the versatility of the here advanced approach to functionalise silk-based materials.

  • 13.
    Nagaraju, D. H.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rebis, Tomasz
    Poznan University of Tech, Poland .
    Gabrielsson, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Milczarek, Grzegorz
    Poznan University of Tech, Poland .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Charge Storage Capacity of Renewable Biopolymer/Conjugated Polymer Interpenetrating Networks Enhanced by Electroactive Dopants2014Ingår i: ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 4, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable materials are requested for large scale electrical storage, a coming necessity with the growth of intermittent solar and wind renewable electricity generation. Biopolymers are a source of inexpensive materials, in particular through the use of black liquor from paper production, a waste product. Interpenetrating networks of the biopolymer lignosulfonate (Lig) and conjugated polymer polypyrrole (Ppy) are synthesized by galvanostatic polymerization from pyrrole/lignosulfonate mixture in acidic aqueous electrolyte. Methoxy and phenolic functional group present in the non-conducting lignosulfonate are converted to quinone groups. The redox chemistry of quinones is used for charge storage, along with charge storage in polypyrrole. A large variation of the electrochemical activity between lignosulfonates obtained from different sources is observed. The charge storage capacities are significantly enhanced by also including another electroactive dopant, anthraquinone sulfonate (AQS). AQS redox peaks act as an internal reference (standard) to probe the redox electrochemistry of Lig. The synthesized Ppy(Lig) and Ppy(Lig-AQS) electrodes are characterized by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling, electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance, and atomic force microscopy.

  • 14.
    Tang, Zheng
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Tress, Wolfgang
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Light Trapping with Dielectric Scatterers in Single- and Tandem-Junction Organic Solar Cells2013Ingår i: ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 3, nr 12, s. 1606-1613Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient dielectric scatterers based on a mixture of TiO2 nanoparticles and polydimethylsiloxane are demonstratedfor light trapping in semitransparent organic solar cells. An improvement of 80% in the photocurrent of an optimized semitransparent solar cell is achieved with the dielectric scatterer with approximate to 100% diffuse reflectance for wavelengths larger than 400 nm. For a parallel tandem solar cell, the dielectric scatterer generates 20% more photocurrent compared with a silver mirror beneath the cell; for a series tandem solar cell, the dielectric scatterer can be used as a photocurrent balancer between the subcells with different photoabsorbing materials. The power conversion efficiency of the tandem cell in series configuration with balanced photocurrent in the subcells exceeds that of an optimized standard solar cell with a reflective electrode. The characteristics of polydimethylsiloxane, such as flexibility and the ability to stick conformably to surfaces, also remain in the dielectric scatterers, which makes the demonstrated light trapping configuration highly suitable for large scale module manufacturing of roll-to-roll printed organic single- or tandem-junction solar cells.

  • 15.
    Tang, Zheng
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Melianas, Armantas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bao, Qinye
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Fully-solution-processed organic solar cells with a highly efficient paper-based light trapping element2015Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, nr 48, s. 24289-24296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate the use of low cost paper as an efficient light-trapping element for thin film photovoltaics. We verify its use in fully-solution processed organic photovoltaic devices with the highest power conversion efficiency and the lowest internal electrical losses reported so far, the architecture of which - unlike most of the studied geometries to date - is suitable for upscaling, i.e. commercialization. The use of the paper-reflector enhances the external quantum efficiency (EQE) of the organic photovoltaic device by a factor of approximate to 1.5-2.5 over the solar spectrum, which rivals the light harvesting efficiency of a highly-reflective but also considerably more expensive silver mirror back-reflector. Moreover, by detailed theoretical and experimental analysis, we show that further improvements in the photovoltaic performance of organic solar cells employing PEDOT:PSS as both electrodes rely on the future development of high-conductivity and high-transmittance PEDOT:PSS. This is due optical losses in the PEDOT:PSS electrodes.

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