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  • 1.
    Hjalmarsson Österholm, Johannes
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Avd. för rehabilitering, HHJ, Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Håkansson, Carita
    ADULT, HHJ. Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Factors of importance for maintaining work as perceived by med with arthritis2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employment rates are significantly lower among individuals with arthritis compared to a generalpopulation. During the last decade new biological medications have revolutionized the treatment for many individuals witharthritis (1), reducing the disease activity and symptoms in a positive way, but also causing major direct costs since thenew medications are very expensive (2). Even though the effect is good some individuals still report disability like pain,fatigue (3) and work disability (4). This indicates that even though biological medicines generate a positive remission ofthe disease, disability such as work disability can still be present and needs to be evaluated. Previous research aboutindividuals with arthritis and their ability to work has mainly had a quantitative design focusing on what affects work andfacilitates the ability to work for women. There is, however, limited research about how men with arthritis perceive theirability to maintain working.Objectives: The aim of this study was thus to explore how men with arthritis perceive their ability to maintain working.Methods: Nine employed men with arthritis were purposively sampled. Interviews were performed and were inspired bythe central concepts of the Model of Human Occupation. The Empirical Phenomenological Psychological method wasmodified and used to analyze and interpret collected data.Results: The findings consist of six themes and fifteen sub-themes. The results showed that men with arthritis perceiveda desire to work, adjusted their activity pattern, were aware of their own capabilities, had good work conditions, hadenvironmental support and used effective medication to maintain their ability to work.Conclusions: This study has provided an understanding of how men with arthritis maintain their ability towork. In conclusion, to treat the symptoms of arthritis, in the more traditional way that for examplehand dysfunction and pain are treated, may prevent sick-leave but as found in the presentstudy the ability to work is complex and new strategies to support ability to work need to bedeveloped in the occupational aspects of rheumatology care.

  • 2.
    Hjalmarsson Österholm, Johannes
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Department of Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönkïping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Factors of importance for maintaining work as perceived by men with arthritis2013Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 439-448Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Employment rates are significantly lower among individuals with arthritis compared to a general population. There is, however, limited research about how men with arthritis perceive their ability to maintain working. The aim of this study was thus to explore their perception of this.

    PARTICIPANTS: Nine employed men with arthritis were purposively sampled.

    METHODS: Interviews were performed and were informed by the central concepts of the Model of Human Occupation. The Empirical Phenomenological Psychological method was modified and used to analyze and interpret collected data.

    RESULTS: The findings showed that men with arthritis perceived a desire to work, adjusted their activity pattern, were aware of their own capabilities, had good work conditions, had environmental support and used effective medication to maintain their ability to work.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that health care professionals can help men with arthritis to find strategies and a balance between recreation and work. Ultimately, this knowledge could guide health care professionals to target men needing interventions to prevent sick leave.

  • 3.
    Hjalmarsson Österholm, Johannes
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Samuelsson, Christina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Orally positioning persons with dementia in assessment meetings2015Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 367-388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors study if and how persons with dementia are orally positioned by others, and how they position themselves while participating in assessment meetings held in order to discuss access to supportive services. We analysed five assessment meetings where two older persons (one diagnosed with dementia and one without a dementia diagnosis) participated to investigate whether the person with dementia is positioned differently than the other old person. Interactional phenomena used to position the person with dementia were identified by interactional analysis.

    The paperidentifies six phenomena that positioned the person with dementia as an individual with less interactional competence than the other participants: ignoring the person with dementia; voicing the feelings, capacity or opinion of the person with dementia; posing questions implying lack of competence; others' use of diagnosis; self-(re)positioning; and elderspeak. Persons with dementia are often orally positioned as less competent, indicating that they suffer further from discrimination than other older persons. We suggest that this has an impact on the participation of people with dementia in negotiations regarding their future care. The results indicate that social workers should be made aware that negative positioning exists and how it may affect the ability of people with dementia to contribute to discussions about their everyday life. Social workers should be encouraged to find strategies to reduce negative positioning in interaction.

  • 4.
    Nedlund, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för hälso- och sjukvårdsanalys. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Örulv, Linda
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Österholm, Johannes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Voice: An Analytical Framework for Exploring Citizenship in Dementia Research2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We will present voice as an analytical framework to enhance the problematization and investigation of citizenship for people living with dementia. We will also discuss the strengths and the potential of using such a framework when doing research on citizenship in general, and more specifically, for people living with dementia. The analytical framework that we will propose focuses on the multiple accounts of voice in use. Thus, the framework does not only embrace the issue of "whose voices?", but also the various ways voice has been conceptualised, framed and understood in different theoretical and empirical contexts as well as how these together in different ways have the potential to shed light on the possibility for people with dementia to remain participative actors in their neighbourhood, in society and furthermore, to have the opportunity to claim full citizenship.

  • 5.
    Olaison, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Österholm, Johannes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Case conferences as an arena for assessments- arguments used by social workers in order to maintain social problems.2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Samuelsson, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hjalmarsson Österholm, Johannes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Orally Positioning Older People in Assessment Meetings2015Ingår i: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 41, nr 11, s. 767-785Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been demonstrated that persons with dementia may be positioned as less competent than participants of the same age without dementia, and that persons with dementia possibly also are positioned as less competent than other older persons without dementia. In the present study, we aim to explore this further by analysing Swedish assessment meetings, in which needs and preferences are investigated for older persons without dementia. The material consists five audio-recorded assessment meetings, where there were at least two conversational partners present (a spouse and/or a child) and where the older person applying for social services was not diagnosed with dementia. The ages of the older persons ranged from 81 to 88, while the age of the relatives ranged from 46 to 93. The results of the present study demonstrate that older persons without dementia mainly are positioned as competent. However, it may be related to the degree of frailty, since the frailest person in the present study appears to be positioned as less competent than the other participants. The present paper adds to existing knowledge on how professionals in assessment meetings contribute to the positioning of older persons as competent and capable of making decisions. The results of the present article may be useful to promote development of education and training of communication skills for care mangers in assessments in order to further ensure that older persons with and without cognitive impairments can be actively involved in the creation and interpretation of their applications for social services.

  • 7.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    H. Österholm, Johannes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    How are decisions on care services for people with dementia made and experienced? : A qualitative synthesis of recent empirical findings2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent decades, there has been a growing recognition that people cannot be assumed incapable of making decisions about their own care solely on the basis of a dementia diagnosis and international agreements and legislative changes have strengthened the formal right for people with dementia to participate in decisions on care services. This raises important questions about how these decisions are currently made and experienced in practice. The aim of this presentation is to address this question and highlight directions for further research.

    The presentation is based on a systematic review and qualitative synthesis of recent empirical findings. For inclusion in the review, a publication had to meet the criteria of being published between 2005 and 2013 in a peer-reviewed journal, and be written in English. Twenty-four articles were identified, all representing qualitative studies. Relevant findings were extracted and synthesized along dimensions of involvement of the person with dementia in decisions on care services. Three overarching ways in which people with dementia are involved, primarily, in the informal part of a process of decisions were identified: excluded, prior preferences taken into account, current preferences respected. Several articles seemed to be based on the assumption that decisions on care services are invariably and solely made within the family and without participation of the person with dementia.

    Our study emphasizes the need for more updated research about international debates and agreements concerning capabilities and rights of people with dementia and about the (potential) formal contexts of care decisions in the country concerned.

  • 8.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    H. Österholm, Johannes
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    How are decisions on care services for people with dementia made and experienced?: A systematic review and qualitative synthesis of recent empirical findings2014Ingår i: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 26, nr 11, s. 1849-1862Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During recent decades, there has been a growing recognition that people cannot be assumed incapable of making decisions about their own care solely on the basis of a dementia diagnosis and international agreements and legislative changes have strengthened the formal right for people with dementia to participate in decisions on care services. This raises important questions about how these decisions are currently made and experienced in practice. In this review, we address this question and highlight directions for further research.

    METHODS:

    We searched CINAHL, PsycINFO, ASSIA, Social Services Abstracts, Science Direct, Academic Search Premier, and PubMed. Twenty-four pertinent articles were identified, all representing qualitative studies. Relevant findings were extracted and synthesized along dimensions of involvement of the person with dementia in decisions on care services, using an integrative approach to qualitative synthesis.

    RESULTS:

    We identified three overarching ways in which people with dementia are involved, primarily, in the informal part of a process of decisions: excluded, prior preferences taken into account, and current preferences respected. Several (10) articles seemed to be based on the assumption that decisions on care services are invariably and solely made within the family and without participation of the person with dementia.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The review emphasizes the need for more updated research about international debates and agreements concerning capabilities and rights of people with dementia and about the (potential) formal contexts of care decisions in the country concerned. This, we argue, is vital for future knowledge production in the area.

     

  • 9.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Handling the dilemma of self-determination and cognitive impairments: A study of case managers’ discursive strategies in assessment meetings2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Assessment meetings between care managers and persons living with dementia: Citizenship as practice2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här avhandlingen berör möten mellan personer med demenssjukdom och biståndshandläggare. Demenssjukdomar medför ofta komplexa omsorgsbehov, vilka kan mötas med hjälp av olika stödinsatser. Personens omsorgsbehov bedöms i ett biståndshandläggningssamtal där personen och dennes anhöriga träffar en biståndshandläggare för att förhandla dennes behov och eventuella insatser. Konversation är centralt i dessa möten. Demenssjukdomar medför kognitiva nedsättningar och nedsatt förmåga att kommunicera och interagera med andra. Det kan därför vara svårt för personer med demenssjukdom att deltaga i diskussioner om behov och insatser. 15 ljudinspelade samtal har studerats för att förstå hur personer med demens använder sina kvarvarande kommunikativa, kognitiva och språkliga resurser för att åberopa, förhandla och använda sina rättigheter som medborgare i den institutionella kontext där deras omsorgsbehov bedöms. I samtalet medverkar personen med demens, handläggaren samt ofta någon familjemedlem. Analysen fokuserar på organiseringen av samtal som en gemensam aktivitet; hur sociala aktörer skapas i samtal; hur det institutionella samtalets särdrag påverkar konversationen. Sammanfattningsvis visar denna avhandling på att hur medborgarskap praktiseras är situationsbaserat och varierar beroende på vilka som deltar i mötet. Biståndshandläggare kan underlätta för personer med demenssjukdom att övervinna kommunikativa problem genom att använda olika samtalsstrategier och göra det möjlig för dem att delta eller att åtminstone inkluderas i förhandlingen angående olika stödinsatser. Personer med demenssjukdom positioneras ofta som mindre kompetenta än andra personer som deltar i behovsbedömningssamtal, vilket kan medföra konsekvenser på personens delaktighet i planerandet av framtida insatser. Berättelser i dessa samtal positionerar ofta personen med demenssjukdom som beroende av andra, vilket kan underminera deras identitet och uppfattning av sig själva.

    Delarbeten
    1. Citizenship as practice: Handling communication problems in encounters between persons with dementia and social workers
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Citizenship as practice: Handling communication problems in encounters between persons with dementia and social workers
    2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1457-1473Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the study was to investigate if and how persons with dementia were able to take part in negotiations for formal support, as cases of citizenship as practice. The transcripts used for analysis were from 11 assessment meetings conducted in Sweden, in which the formal applicant was a person with dementia. The findings suggest that the actual participation of persons with dementia in assessment meetings varies. Communication problems were found in the meetings to different degrees and were dealt with differently and with various consequences. For those persons with dementia contributing at the same levels as the other participants, there was an attempt at mutual understanding. For those making fewer contributions, the other interlocutors took over the initiative and thus affected the practice of citizenship by persons with dementia in a negative way. The practice of citizenship is situation based and varies depending on all participants. When the person with dementia is able to participate in the conversation, social workers can facilitate for them to overcome communication problems by giving them more time and signaling acceptance. If the person with dementia has great problems in participating, the other participants can find different strategies to at least involve her or him in the conversation

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Sage Publications, 2016
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119105 (URN)10.1177/1471301214563959 (DOI)000387007700009 ()25525075 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding agencies: Solstickan Foundation; Swedish Riksbankens Jubileumsfond [M10-0187:1]

    Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-09 Skapad: 2015-06-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16
    2. Handling the dilemma of self-determination and dementia: A study of case managers’ discursive strategies in assessment meetings.
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Handling the dilemma of self-determination and dementia: A study of case managers’ discursive strategies in assessment meetings.
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Gerontological Social Work, ISSN 0163-4372, Vol. 58, nr 6, s. 613-636Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In assessment meetings concerning care services for people with dementia, Swedish case managers face a dilemma. On the one hand, according to the law, the right to self-determination of every adult citizen must be respected, but on the other hand cognitive disabilities make it difficult to fulfill obligations of being a full-fledged citizen. In this article, we examine 15 assessment meetings to identify discursive strategies used by case managers to handle this dilemma. We also examine how these affect the participation of persons with dementia, and indicate implications of our study for social work practice and research.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Routledge, 2015
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Socialt arbete
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122384 (URN)10.1080/01634372.2015.1067851 (DOI)000213302600005 ()26207822 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-30 Skapad: 2015-10-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-09
    3. Orally positioning persons with dementia in assessment meetings
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Orally positioning persons with dementia in assessment meetings
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 367-388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors study if and how persons with dementia are orally positioned by others, and how they position themselves while participating in assessment meetings held in order to discuss access to supportive services. We analysed five assessment meetings where two older persons (one diagnosed with dementia and one without a dementia diagnosis) participated to investigate whether the person with dementia is positioned differently than the other old person. Interactional phenomena used to position the person with dementia were identified by interactional analysis.

    The paperidentifies six phenomena that positioned the person with dementia as an individual with less interactional competence than the other participants: ignoring the person with dementia; voicing the feelings, capacity or opinion of the person with dementia; posing questions implying lack of competence; others' use of diagnosis; self-(re)positioning; and elderspeak. Persons with dementia are often orally positioned as less competent, indicating that they suffer further from discrimination than other older persons. We suggest that this has an impact on the participation of people with dementia in negotiations regarding their future care. The results indicate that social workers should be made aware that negative positioning exists and how it may affect the ability of people with dementia to contribute to discussions about their everyday life. Social workers should be encouraged to find strategies to reduce negative positioning in interaction.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015
    Nyckelord
    Äldreriktat tal positionerna biståndshandläggarsamtal demens
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Hälsovetenskaper
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103361 (URN)10.1017/S0144686X13000755 (DOI)000357881000007 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-01-17 Skapad: 2014-01-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16
  • 11.
    Österholm, Johannes H.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Biståndshandläggning och självbestämmande2016Ingår i: Att leva med demens / [ed] Ingrid Hellström, Lars-Christer Hydén, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, s. 193-202Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Autobiographical occasions in assessment meetings involving persons with dementia2018Ingår i: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 41-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been argued that identities have a strong connection to stories and storytelling and thus that life stories should be used to individualize care for people with dementia. A problem with this view is that storytellers are seen as individuals, freely reflecting on, composing, and telling life stories. This view becomes especially problematic when persons with dementia tell stories in institutional contexts where certain information is requested and necessary for decision-making. The aim of this study is to investigate how autobiographical stories are used and what functions they have in assessment meetings involving persons with dementia. Fifteen assessment meetings were audio-recorded and transcribed. Narratives were extracted and analyzed by coding who the narrator or narrators were, what the narrator(s) accomplished by telling this story, and what the consequences were for the ongoing meeting. It was found that all interlocutors told stories about the person with dementia. These stories were found to have three functions: (1) to justify why care services were needed; (2) to describe experiences about previous care; and (3) to provide a good working climate. Thus, not all autobiographical stories are the persons story. For care managers in their everyday work it is important to be aware of this and not only be satisfied with a story that suits the organizations needs. Furthermore, stories told in assessment meetings often positioned the person as dependent on others, which could undermine the identity and sense of self of the person with dementia.

  • 13.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande.
    Citizenship as practice: Handling communication problems in encounters between persons with dementia and social workers2016Ingår i: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1457-1473Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the study was to investigate if and how persons with dementia were able to take part in negotiations for formal support, as cases of citizenship as practice. The transcripts used for analysis were from 11 assessment meetings conducted in Sweden, in which the formal applicant was a person with dementia. The findings suggest that the actual participation of persons with dementia in assessment meetings varies. Communication problems were found in the meetings to different degrees and were dealt with differently and with various consequences. For those persons with dementia contributing at the same levels as the other participants, there was an attempt at mutual understanding. For those making fewer contributions, the other interlocutors took over the initiative and thus affected the practice of citizenship by persons with dementia in a negative way. The practice of citizenship is situation based and varies depending on all participants. When the person with dementia is able to participate in the conversation, social workers can facilitate for them to overcome communication problems by giving them more time and signaling acceptance. If the person with dementia has great problems in participating, the other participants can find different strategies to at least involve her or him in the conversation

  • 14.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Larsson Ranada, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Characteristics of research with older people (over 65 years) in occupational therapy journals, 2013-20172019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A growing population of older people will require different types of occupational therapy services in the future. For occupational therapists to provide effective services and to optimize care, their practice must rely on high-quality evidence. Research is one important pillar of evidence-based practice. Therefore, it is important to examine the research published in occupational therapy journals, which guides practitioners in their work with clients. Aim: The overall aim of this study was to review research characteristics in articles with older persons as participants, aged over 65 years, with or without illness, diseases or disabilities, reported in occupational therapy journals during the period 2013-2017. Materials and methods: Data was collected from peer-reviewed occupational therapy journals and categorized in relation to research characteristics using descriptive statistics. Results: The findings show that most articles presented basic research, using quantitative design where the sources of data were instruments. Conclusion: The findings suggest that both qualitative and quantitative articles use appropriate sample sizes. However, descriptions of the studied populations are frequently unclear, which may affect the transferability and generalization of the results.

  • 15.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Audio recorded data as a method to understand encounters between people living with dementia and social workers2018Ingår i: Social research methods in dementia studies: inclusion and innovation / [ed] John Keady, Lars-Christer Hydén, Ann Johnson, Caroline Swarbrick, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 38-55Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Österholm, Johannes H
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Audio recorded data as a method to understand encounters between peopleliving with dementia and social workers2017Ingår i: Social Research Methodsin Dementia Studies: Inclusion and Innovation / [ed] J. Keady, L-C Hydén, A. Johnson & C. Swarbrick, Routledge, 2017, s. 38-55Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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