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  • 101.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDA - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olve , Nils-Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Scandurra , Isabella
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Koch , Sabine
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Organizational effects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in elderly homecare: A case study2008In: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 195-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information and communication technology (ICT) to support integrated healthcare services in elderly homecare is becoming a self-evident part of home healthcare services. Especially, when it comes to information exchange, knowledge sharing and documentation at the point-of-care (POC), ICT is an enabling technique. The aim of this study was to explore the effects from the use of the OLD@HOME-prototype. 

    The results shown that the OLD@HOME prototype was perceived to contribute in developing horizontal links for communication between individuals who work together, independent of geographical distance or organizational affiliation, and to contribute to increased work efficiency. The prototype was further seen to reduce professional isolation by providing a holistic overview of the care process. User centred design and implementation of the OLD@HOME prototype was considered a key issue to facilitate acceptance of organizational changes. Participation of care professionals not only led to a better understanding of the needs of involved organizations, it also increased end-users’ involvement and commitment, stimulating them to test and improve the prototype until the final version.

  • 102.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Academic reading: att använda forskningsartiklar somkurslitteratur2009In: Företagsekonomin i samhället: forskning, utbildning och relevans, 2009, p. 1-6Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns nu tydliga tongångar om att grundutbildning ska vara forskningsanknuten ochforskningsgrundad. Samtidigt är det vanligt att använda läroböcker som presenterarkursmaterial på ett färdigtuggat och ofta homogeniserat sätt - där forskningen är en (bra) bitbort och där åsiktsskillnader mellan forskare inte framhävs. Forskningsartiklar uppfattas somför svårsmälta för studenterna. Både i Europa och "down under" möter jag lärare som säger"mina studenter är för otåliga för att läsa tidskriftsartiklar; jag törs inte be dem göra det." Ochför studenter som inte fått möta och lärt sig läsa och tolka akademiska tidskriftsartiklarfortsätter denna källa till kunskap och mer eller mindre välgrundade åsikter att vara stängdeller i alla fall svårtillgänglig.Själv tillhör jag den skara lärare som ser det som en viktig uppgift att hjälpa studenter lära sigtolka och utnyttja forskningsartiklar. Linköpings universitetsbibliotek erbjuder tillgång till ettpar tusen tidskrifter - de flesta elektroniskt tillgängliga från valfri Internetuppkopplad dator.För den som gått en akademisk utbildning borde det vara en självklarhet att denna potentielltrika källa ska ses som en resurs som går att utnyttja.Men min väg till utnyttjandet av forskningsartiklar i undervisningen började inte med någotsådant kunskapspolitiskt ställningstagande. Den började helt enkelt med mitt missnöje medläroböcker. Typiskt sett fann jag varje lärobok jag träffade på delvis relevant, delvis irrelevantför den tilltänkte kursen och delvis vilseledande eller företrädande åsikter jag varken kundeställa mig bakom eller hysa aktning för. Vidare fann jag det förtvivlat tråkigt att läsa sådanaböcker för att se vad i dem som eventuellt skulle vara brukbart. De gav inte mig någonting.Skulle jag då kräva att studenter köpte böcker där jag bara tänkte nyttja en tredjedel? Ochskulle jag kunna förvänta mig att de inköpte en bukett böcker till en kurs för att täcka in detjag fann värt att försöka förmedla? Skulle jag kunna förmedla entusiasm till studenterna införtexter jag själv fann tråkiga? Det kändes som ett betydligt rimligare sätt att välja ut sådanaartiklar som jag fann intressanta och relevanta och försöka hjälpa studenterna att tolka ochfascineras - eller uppröras - av dem.I den korta artikel jag nu skrivit försöker jag förmedla mina erfarenheter av att användaforskningsartiklar i stället för läroböcker som kurslitteratur. Hur har det gått och vilka harutmaningarna varit?

  • 103.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Are you truly capturing the potential of e-learning in your organisations?2013In: Mercury, ISSN 2001-3272, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 28-33Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Energy Counselling and Modern IT: Drawing on Web 2.0 for a Greener World2009In: Communications & Strategies, ISSN 0249-2571, Vol. 76, no 4th quarter, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore how modern IT solutions for collaborative knowledge evolution could lead to more effective energy counselling and increased energy knowledge among the public. Comparative studies have been performed where the focus has been on the prerequisites for effective use of web 2.0 type collaboration and wikis. The research is primarily aimed at actors within the energy sector, although similar developments also take place in other sectors. Targeted investments employing collaborative IT to involve the public in energy counselling could lead to lower energy consumption and an increased consciousness of environmental issues in the society. A conclusion is that web 2.0-like initiatives could play a valuable role in the knowledge development and exchange between energy counsellors, and further the knowledge exchange between the counsellors, the regional energy agencies and the public. They could also help channel an energy interest among the public into a collaborative knowledge production, and contribute to a good quality factual basis for the conceptions that develop in society. This would strengthen both the energy counselling and the energy counsellor corps.

  • 105.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    From industry norms on full costing to ecologies – on pricing principles in telecom2011In: Innovative ICT ApplicationsEmerging Regulatory, Economic and Policy Issues: Innovative ICT ApplicationsEmerging Regulatory, Economic and Policy Issues / [ed] Birgitte Preissl, Gyula Sallai, 2011, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Från "enhetliga principer" till ekologier - om principer för prissättning utifrån exemplet telekom.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gamification: a promising avenue for education: the minecraft ecology case2013In: Mercury, ISSN 2001-3272, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 34-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    ICT and the changing civil society2010In: Embracing the cloud: enabling connectivity and innovation, Honolulu: Pacific Telecommunications Council , 2010, p. 534-544Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Communication possibilities challenge traditional civil society organisations. Formal organisations require a degree of formality – meetings, agendas, minutes, statutes, etc. There is also a strong emphasis on “the corporate voice” – Amnesty, the Red Cross, the Nature preservation organisation, etc, try to protect their brands by filtering what poses as organisational communication and official positions. Facebook, etc, provides easy non-bureaucratic organising – just sign in as a member (even using an alias), and you participate in an organisational conversation where enthusiasm counts, and formal rank does not. Besides, the “organization” needs bear no costs, and thus financing does not become a limiting factor. ATTAC and The Pirate Party are examples of organisations that grew, or came into existence even, through non-hierarchical, ICT-supported communication. At the same time, they share some characteristics with social movements of previous eras, such as the French or the Russian revolution or the 68 movement. Some of the differences between then and now are captured by the concept virtual volunteering, soliciting and harnessing the, possibly small, efforts people are willing to direct at a worthwhile cause, facilitated by modern ICT. An example at the meta level is the Volunteer Bureau, serving as a broker for virtual (and physical) volunteering.

    Have we learned to understand these social-movement-like new ways of organising? Have existing civil organisations “learned”? To what extent does society shape the new organisations, and the institutionalisation and formalisation of them? What roles do ICT providers play? Have we yet seen the end? This article draws on a number of examples in striving to explore these questions to further our understanding of the interaction between possibilities offered by modern ICT and changes in civil society.

     

  • 109.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kommunikationsteknikens utmaningar för ideell sektor2010In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, no 2, p. 115-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern ICT creates possibilities that challenge the third sector organisations. One challenge lies in understanding and exploiting the new opportunities that arise. Many established organisations are anxious to protect their brands through quality review of the official communication and official positions of the organisation. From this perspective, the new communication and organisation possibilities are not all positive. Another challenge lies in the ICT-enabled possibilities to create alternative, informal organisational forms, possibilities that can challenge and erode established organisations. Against this stands the conformity to established norms that innovative organisations, both today and historically, gradually impose on themselves.

     

  • 110.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Management control – increasingly a case of e-learning?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, management control has been a question of reporting and analysis of (monetary) data. Management has been a realm for visioning, boundary-setting and dialogue. The increasing use of computers in organizational administration – and actual performance of organizational tasks – has lead to an increased availability of (nonmonetary) data, that could be used to support “fact-based” management - and perhaps help controllers become more business relevant, when viewed from line management and grassroots perspectives. It is not obvious that this has led to an actual change in what constitutes management, or even how management control is actually enacted and experienced. Partly as a response to this, partly as an attempt to turn the e-learning hype into something useful, some organizations are now attempting to use the power of digitization and the pervasiveness of computers in contemporary life as ingredients in a novel way for management control purposes. E-learning is designed to instil awareness of, and knowledge in, top-management-approved corporate values and practices and combined with e-quizzes. Thus, management directives asking employees to study and accept particular values and practices can now be realized to a greater degree, and the actual employee attention and retention of such messages can be easily monitored. How much of the novel – and successful – image of this addition to the management control repertoire remains after closer scrutiny? In this article, I present my attempts to investigate such systematic attempts to employ e-learning and e-based monitoring of e-learning for management control purposes.

  • 111.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Open and closed technology and collaboration2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intranets have become a prevalent part of organisational structure and, to varying degree, an aspect of organising and collaboration. While many organisations are currently grappling with how to realise the promises of Sharepoint, (and how to keep a reasonable budget while doing so) others look skywards, and see the cloud as an ever more viable alternative. Some use traditional email, calendars and document processing, but Google style – as a service – to meet the needs previously believed to call for intranets. Others, reportedly, even use combinations of facebook and Google docs, as their user-administered “intranet”. In this article, I present some cases of such traditional and novel approaches to IT-supported collaboration, and analyse the organisational consequences of the chosen solutions.

  • 112.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Styrning för kunskapsutveckling inom energirådgivning - att fånga den långa svansen2008In: Nordisk workshop XIII i ekonomi- och verksamhetsstyrning, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

        

  • 113.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The business logic and enterprise systems ventures: the enterprise system as a political tool2009In: Sustainability management and marketing, 2009, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise systems adoption is not just about streamlining processes and improving information flows.Enterprise systems projects are often part of the power struggles within organisations. Systems providerstoday tend to describe systems as tools to achieve efficiency through standardisation and flexibility.In organisations that buy and use the systems, the enterprise systems projects tend to be used tosupport those who advocate standardisation and coordination against those who advocate local customisationand local decision-making. This power struggle is often not openly discussed in the organisations,as the debate tends to focus on the enterprise system, rather than the underlying differences inpreferred business logic and management principles. In this article, I critically examine attitudes toenterprise systems and examples of implementations, to expose the underlying conceptions of businesslogic and management control, and derive a possibly more fruitful approach to conducting enterprisesystems ventures. Perspectives presented by enterprise systems providers, and in less problematisedand more critical case studies, serve as illustrations and as material for the analysis. The examplesare discussed in terms of change management and competing business logics, and the discussion resultsin a suggestion for an approach to enterprise systems ventures that acknowledges the politicaldimensions.

  • 114.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Connected Enterprise - who is in charge?: The Swedish Sports example2011In: PTC'11, Connecting Life 24/7 / [ed] Jamie Wan-Lopez, Honolulu: Pacific Telecommunications Council , 2011, p. 1587-1597Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A general view is that today's workforce is distributed, mobile, and always connected.Organisations are expected to grow ever more reliant on collaboration between widelydispersed workers, and customers expect to have instant access to information and eenabledservices. The individual on the move who is temporarily deprived of broadbandaccess becomes handicapped, cut off from the recently adopted always-connectedlifestyle. And socially, both at work and with family and friends, social networking toolshelp us keep connected with a host of people, ranging from friends and close associatesto casual acquaintances.How are organizations coping with this recently emerging communication environment?In this article, we present and analyse the Swedish Sports example. Swedish Sports is afederation of close to 70 sports associations, who in turn count 20,000 local clubs asmembers. In these local clubs, close to a third of the Swedish population are members.Based on a study performed in the winter and spring of 2009-2010, and comparing witha study performed in 2003, we chart the changing communication patterns from a cluband association perspective. We note similarities and differences in the communicationfrom club to members, from members to clubs and between members.In general, broadband-enabled and mobile telephony-based communication is gainingground and has come to dominate the scene, while a number of classical forms ofcommunication are still not discontinued. However, in contrast to the current “generalknowledge” view, social networking tools still play a very minor role in the clubs. Forexample, Facebook use typically neither challenges, nor supports, organizationalcommunication in sports clubs. In the cases where it is used, it mostly appears to bebased on grassroots initiatives, rather than club-directed ones. There are also very fewexamples of social networking tools as an alternative way of organizing sports activities.But on the sports association and federation level, alternatives based on Facebook keepappearing. However, the important, influential ones need functionality that require wellsystematiseddatabases tailored to the specific needs of the sport. And although theinitial growth rate of some Facebook groups is impressive, it takes time to build afollowing that makes a site important.Our conclusions are that the communication landscape is changing, in favour ofbroadband and mobile telephony-enabled forms. However, the established sports clubsare still in charge of organising sports activities. The challenges arise in the fan andinterest group areas, where virtual alternatives are created and developed by interestedand enthusiastic individuals, rather than by established organisations. The example explored is in the Swedish Sports sphere, but the results are likely to be of importancealso to other organisations with a large customer base or potential interest groupexposure.

  • 115.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Verksamhetslogiken och affärssystemet: affärssystemet som politiskt verktyg2009In: Temperaturen på affärssystem i Sverige, Lund, Sverige: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1:1, p. 197-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Affärssystem har stor betydelse för hur verksamheter leds och organiseras. De utgör ryggraden i många organisationers informationsbehandling och styrning. Boken riktar sig till praktiker, studenter och forskare genom att visa på affärssystemområdets bredd och lyfta fram relevanta - och vetenskapligt intressanta - situationer och frågeställningar. Den syftar till att ta temperaturen på affärssystem i Sverige! I boken diskuteras vad affärssystem är, hur utvecklingen av dem förhåller sig till utveckling av skräddarsydda system, varför vi behöver dem och hur de bidrar till att skapa värde. På vilket sätt kan ett affärssystem underlätta införandet av en mer strategisk ekonomistyrning och vilken roll har controllern i arbetet med att ta tillvara systemets möjligheter? Vad kan vi lära oss av de företag som lyckats och varför är det troligt att affärssystem blir politiska verktyg i dragkampen om hur organisationen ska styras? Inte minst i den offentliga sektorn ställs många av dessa frågor på sin spets.

  • 116.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gullberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    På informationsfronten intet nytt?: En kritisk granskning av om dagens informationssystem egentligen ger värdefull styrinformation2009In: NFF 2009 The 20th Nordic Academy of Management Conference: Business as usual, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lundmark, Erik
    Macquarie University, Sydney, Australien.
    Education and competence - an edge in transition?2013In: ANZAM 2013: Managing on the Edge, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore how the competence edge that tertiary education used to provide, may be getting blunt and challenged by self-study and practice-based training. Online educational resources (OERs) provide easy access to training material for those who know how to find and use it. Combined with settings in which to apply the skills and knowledge thus acquired, OERs can appear as an attractive alternative even to those who have the alternative of attending prestige university programs. Relying on interviews and discussions with young people on the traditional university path, those on the alternative path, and with people of different ages with a university degree, we assess the viability of a major shift in favour of the alternative path, and management implications.

  • 118.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lundmark, Erik
    Macquarie University, Department of Marketing and Management.
    Exploring entrepreneurship as misbehaviour2012In: Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations: Vol. 19 / [ed] Lucy Taksa & Alison Barnes, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, p. 209-235Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This series is designed to focus on industrial relations issues, covering diverse disciplines such as economics, law, history, organisational behaviour, psychology, and sociology. This volume explores employee misbehaviour.

  • 119.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lundmark, Erik
    Macquarie University, Sydney, Australien.
    MOOCs and other online educational resources – Remodelling education and training?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, education and training have been real-world phenomena, possibly challenged but mostly complemented by physical books and other texts. In our contemporary, increasingly digital world, ICT provides complements, but also increasingly virtual alternatives and challenges to same-time, same-place ”real world” education. This paper explores how Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and other online educational resources (OERs) both bridge and disrupt institutional and individual  teaching and learning discourse and cultural practice, partly because the real world is to a large extent digital.

    Previous research has tended to focus on OERs provided by institutional actors and on education as an area where learners aim for degrees. In this paper, the analysis is extended to include OERs provided by individuals and learners who aim to learn regardless of official degrees or certificates.

  • 120.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Petri, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cöster, Mathias
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Olve, Nils-Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Prismodeller – en taxonomi2010In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, no 3, p. 175-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det sätt som ett företag utformar sina prismodeller på, det vill säga hur det tar betalt försina erbjudanden, påverkar dess konkurrenskraft. Syftet med denna artikel är att skapaen taxonomi som kan användas för att identifiera möjliga prismodeller och diskuteraderas tillämpning. Taxonomin kan också användas för att jämföra verkliga och möjligaalternativ för prissättning och ge underlag för vad som behöver utvecklas för att en vissprismodell skall kunna tillämpas i framtiden. Artikeln är ett resultat av ett kollaborativtforskningsprojekt mellan telekomföretaget Ericsson och Linköpings Universitet. Taxonominbestår av fem dimensioner: erbjudandets omfattning, köparens rättigheter, prisformel,prisbestämningsmekanism samt informationsunderlag

  • 121.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Westelius, Ann-Sofie
    Moral Space HB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brytting, Tomas
    Institute for Organizational and Worklife Ethics, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Meaning, Authority, Rationality and Care as MARCs of sustainable organisations2013In: Cross Cultural Management, ISSN 1352-7606, E-ISSN 1758-6089, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 161-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of the article is to present MARC, a model for assessing – and improving – the health of organisations from a humanistic point of view.

    Design/methodology/approach - The model has been developed in an organisational development clinical research tradition. The validity of the model rests on logical reasoning grounded in organisational and salutogenic research, and on it appearing useful to our clients and members in organisations where we have employed it.

    Findings - When using the MARC model to structure analyses and facilitate discussions in organisations that have sought our aid, the model has helped reveal major sources of imbalance between its four aspects: Meaning, Authority, Rationality and Care. A major survey revealed no statistically significant differences between men and women. This indicates that the MARC concepts are general rather than gender-specific. The results also contradicted the often stated notion that men emphasise "hard" aspects (A and R) while women emphasise "soft" ones (M and C).

    Originality/value - We demonstrate that support for the importance of each of the four aspects Meaning, Authority, Rationality and Care as perspectives in analysing and understanding organisations can be found in the organisational research literature. Our contribution is to argue the case that they represent four important human needs that need to be attended to in balance in an organisation if cooperation between the individuals in the organisation is to be sustainable from a human-centred perspective. MARC is designed to help visualise and focus this balance.

  • 122.
    Westelius, Alf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Westelius, Ann-Sofie
    Westelii perspektiv hb, Saltsjöbaden.
    Erik, Lundmark
    Macquarie University, Australia.
    Idrott, föreningar, sociala media och kommunikation: en undersökning av IT-användninginom idrottsrörelsen2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten inleds med en diskussion av webben som kommunikationsmedium och en analys av gästboksinlägg – en vanlig form för medlemsinlägg på föreningars hemsidor. Därefter presenterar och analyserar vi enkätresultaten från de 997 föreningar som svarat. Efter den genomgången vänder vi intresset mot sociala nätverkstjänster. Fokus riktas först mot facebook, den applikation inom sociala nätverksmedia som fått störst användning i Sverige, och vad vår undersökning givit för bild av facebookanvändning inom idrotten. Därefter ger vi ett antal exempel på idrottsrelaterade nätverk på olika nivåer, vissa facebookbaserade, andra byggda på alternativa sociala nätverkstjänster. Vi avslutar sektionen om sociala nätverkstjänster med en diskussion av hur olika intressenter och kommunikationsalternativ påverkar vad som kan bli meningsfull facebookanvändning. Därefter följer rapportens slutdiskussion med slutsatser och implikationer.

    Våra huvudsakliga poänger är att:

    • webbnärvaro och epostanvändning nu ses som viktigt i de flesta, men inte alla, idrottsklubbar – mellan 1/3 och 1/4 av klubbarna har inte hemsida.  
    • hemsida, e-post och telefon är de viktigaste kommunikationskanalerna i klubbarna (utöver kontakten vid träningar och möten). Brev och klubbtidning minskar.
    • floran av använda kommunikationskanaler inom föreningarna fortsätter att öka – nya tillkommer men gamla lever kvar.
    • sociala nätverksmedia huvudsakligen är på experimentstadiet där de alls används. Endast 11% av klubbarna i undersökningen uppger att de är viktiga kommunikationskanaler i någon form inom klubben.
    • för klubbar spelar sociala nätverksmedia främst en roll för fans och andra som följer klubbens aktiviteter på avstånd. Endast enstaka föreningar har sociala nätverksmedia som huvudsakligt verktyg för organisering av aktiviteter.
    • facebookanvändning startas främst genom individuella initiativ, inte genom styrelsebeslut. Endast en liten del av initiativen uppvisar uthållig aktivitet.
    • idrottsrelaterade facebookgrupper skapas inte bara runt klubbar – i hälften av de påträffade fallen rörde de istället till exempel en känd individ, en tävling, sporten som sådan eller kommersiell verksamhet med idrottsanknytning.
    • sociala nätverkstjänster synliggör individerna och bidrar till känslan av gemenskap inom nätverket.
    • användning av sociala nätverkstjänster inom idrotten underlättar möjligheten att upprätthålla breda, i stor utsträckning passiva, kontaktnät.
    • ett brett nät av relativt passiva kontakter inte behöver vara negativt för idrotten som samhällsinstitution. En ökande användning av sociala nätverkstjänster kan vara av godo. Känslan av samhörighet och möjligheten att fördjupa kontakten vid behov kan vara en viktig del i att stärka samhällsväven. 
  • 123.
    Östlund, Joel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Eriksson, Filip
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Evaluation of Software License Management Frameworks for Grid Environments: The Four Ts for Agile Systems2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business Agility could be the means to survive in a competitive environment of continuous andunanticipated change and to respond quickly to rapidly changing, fragmenting global markets that are catered by competitors. To leverage the potential benefits of Business Agility, many companies use Information Technology as a major force for augmenting their agility. The topic of increasing Business Agility through Information Technology has been pervasively studied in research papers. And in the context of this thesis, we will investigate research papers in order to develop an evaluation model for facilitating making informed decisions regarding agile Information Systems in computational Grid environments. The Information Systems in this thesis will focus on license management systems, which is an intricate but coherently integrated blend of many different modules compiled as a technical solution that enables software license management. We will use our evaluation model to compare license management frameworks, easily grasped as a draft for a license management system, for Grid environments and also underpin it with a case study on an in-use license management system in order to strengthen its business applicability.

    The research was conducted as a qualitative comparison and a case study, combining both research papers and a real business context in order to fulfill the goals and purposes of this thesis.

    The results of the analysis implies that most of the license management frameworks for Grid environments lacks various details needed for making a feasible implementation in a certain business context, whilst those that have been trialed in a real business situation fulfilled almost every aspect of our evaluation model.

    The conclusion drawn is that our evaluation model is a seemingly good start for making informed decisions when choosing or designing an agile license management system for Grid environments

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