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  • 101.
    Neergaard, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden: A model in dissolution?2017In: Trade Unions and Migrant Workers: New Contexts and Challenges in Europe / [ed] Marino, Stefania, Judith Roosblad and Rinus Penninx, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 200-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This timely book analyses the relationship between trade unions, immigration and migrant workers across eleven European countries in the period between the 1990s and 2015. It constitutes an extensive update of a previous comparative analysis – published by Rinus Penninx and Judith Roosblad in 2000 – that has become an important reference in the field. The book offers an overview of how trade unions manage issues of inclusion and solidarity in the current economic and political context, characterized by increasing challenges for labour organizations and rising hostility towards migrants. The qualitative analysis of trade union strategies towards immigration and migrant workers is based on a common analytical framework centred on the idea of ‘dilemmas’ that trade unions have to face when dealing with immigration and migrant workers. This approach facilitates comparative analysis and distinguishes patterns of union policies and actions across three groups of countries, identifying some explanations for observed similarities and differences. In addition, the book also includes theoretical chapters by expert scholars from a range of disciplinary fields including industrial relations, migration studies and political economy.This comprehensive comparative analysis is an essential resource for academics across a range of disciplines as well as policy-makers, practitioners and organizations involved in trade unions and migrant inclusion and integration. 

  • 102.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Early tracking and immigrant optimism: a comparative study of educational aspirations among students in disadvantaged schools in Sweden and the Netherlands2017In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational tracking affects both the trajectories and the composition of peers that students meet in school. This study compares the effect of significant others on students educational aspirations within two transition regimes: the more comprehensive Swedish system and the more stratified Dutch. Separating between doxic and habituated aspirations, I hypothesize that (1) aspirations among students in disadvantaged schools will be lower in the Netherlands than in Sweden; (2) the higher educational aspirations of girls and children of immigrants will disappear when significant others are controlled for; and (3) the positive effect of significant others is more marked among Swedish students than among Dutch due to greater student heterogeneity. The data comes from 3202 students in schools with low average grades in Sweden and the Netherlands. Results were in line with the hypothesis with one important exception. There was a marked difference in habituated aspirations but no difference in doxic aspirations between the Dutch and Swedish students. In conclusion, the findings suggest a) that early tracking systems creates a disconnect between students hopes and what they perceive as likely outcomes, and b) that the phenomenon termed "immigrant optimism" and "ethnic capital" reflects unequal access to social capital.

  • 103.
    Owuor, John O. A.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden; University of Huddersfield, England.
    Locke, Abigail
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Heyman, Bob
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Clifton, Andrew
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Concealment, communication and stigma: The perspectives of HIV-positive immigrant Black African men and their partners living in the United Kingdom2016In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 21, no 12, p. 3079-3091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the perspectives of Black men, originally from East Africa, living in the United Kingdom and their partners on what it means to live with diagnosed HIV. This article reports on concealment of HIV-positive status as a strategy adopted by the affected participants to manage the flow of information about their HIV-positive status. Analysis of the data, collected using in-depth interviews involving 23 participants, found widespread selective concealment of HIV-positive status. However, a few respondents had come out publicly about their condition. HIV prevention initiatives should recognise concealment as a vital strategy in managing communication about ones HIV-positive status.

  • 104.
    Petersson, Kenneth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Olsson, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Popkewitz, Thomas S.
    University of Wisconsin/madison.
    Krejsler, John Benedicto
    Aarhus universitet, Denmark.
    Framtiden som styrning.: en genealogisk betraktelse av det utbildningsbara subjektet och pedagogisk teknologi under det tidiga 2000-talet.2016In: Skola, lärare, samhälle.: Vänbok till Sverker Lindblad / [ed] Gun-Britt Wärvik, Caroline Runesdotter, Eva Forsberg, Björn Hasselgren & Fritjof Sahlström, Göteborgs universitet: Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik , 2016, 1, p. 105-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Puskás, Tünde
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Andersson, A.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Preschool teachers as keepers of traditions and agents of change2018In: Early years, ISSN 0957-5146, E-ISSN 1472-4421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish Preschool Curriculum, one of the tasks of the preschool is to pass on a cultural heritage, its values, traditions and history, language and knowledge, from one generation to the next. The formulation indicates that cultural heritage plays an important role in defining the tasks of preschool teachers as far as the transmission of cultural norms is concerned.

    The aim of the overall study was to explore how Swedish preschool teachers implement and reflect on the task of transmitting a cultural heritage. This paper has its focus on how a particular cultural tradition, Easter, is celebrated in two preschools.

    The empirical data consists of 227 min video data from two preschools. The video data were analysed through qualitative content analysis with a focus on how different semiotic resources, actions and artefacts are used to perform Easter.

    The different modes of enacting traditions are used as instruments of socialisation into a cultural heritage as well as means of actualisation of a preschool pedagogy. While preschool teachers can be seen as agents of change who challenge some of the ways of celebrating a tradition, they are also agents of national reproduction. Thus, the teachers both enact the curriculum and build a bricolage of elements, some of which represent continuity, while others represent change.

  • 106.
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Snickars, Folke
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, KTH, Stockholm.
    Lärosätenas organisering av samverkan och modeller för resursfördelning2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet har syftat till att kartlägga modeller för hur lärosäten premierar strategisk samverkan i sin interna resursfördelning mellan lärosätesledningen och fakulteter/verksamhetsområden och i nästa led till institutioner eller andra aktiviteter. Som bakgrund till våra analyser har vi kartlagt hur lärosätena organiserar sitt arbete med extern samverkan såväl ledningsmässigt, akademiskt som administrativt. I projektet har även analyserats principer för resursfördelning och metoder för att samla in nödvändig information. En central frågeställning har varit i vad mån förutsättningar inom olika discipliner och utbildningsinriktningar kan jämföras. Ett av resultaten visar att lärosätenas modeller för resursfördelning samtidigt är både jämförbara och unika. Det förekommer sällan tydligt riktade satsningar på samverkan. Genomgången visar samtidigt att aktörer på olika nivåer inom universiteten visar stor skicklighet och uppfinnings ‐ rikedom när det gäller att indirekt påverka den interna fördelningen av fakultetsmedel för såväl utbildning som forskning och forskarutbildning. Ett betydande gemensamt lärande kan åstadkommas genom fortsatt samarbete mellan universitetsledningar och förvaltningar men även mellan fakulteter och institutioner vid respektive lärosäte.  

  • 107.
    Rosales, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Minding the gap: the role of UK civil society in the European refugee crisis2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent collapse of the Dublin system, a system meant to distribute responsibility towards asylum-seekers and refugees between EU Member States (MSs), has marked a new phase of the so-called European Refugee “Crisis”, where the inability of EU MS governments to address the situation in a unified and coherent manner ultimately harms those most in need of protection. Public discontent with EU and MS government responses to the crisis has led to strong citizen mobilisation in the form of civil society. This study focuses on the case of the UK and examines the role played by policy advocacy Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). The concept of Political Responsibility is used to establish the emergence of a Governance Gap in the UK’s response to the crisis, where the government finds itself unable to bridge a growing distance between its representation and responsible governance functions. Policy advocacy CSOs are found to be now minding this gap. Critical Discourse Analysis is used to study how CSOs react to the UK government’s response in terms of practice and discourse, and to highlight the consequences which language use can have on how we perceive and treat refugees and asylum-seekers in this context.

  • 108.
    Rosales, René León
    et al.
    Mångkulturellt centrum, Fittja.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Aktivism som platskamp. Självpositionering och medborgarskapande inom den svenska förortsrörelsen2018In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 9, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I sin artikel undersöker René León Rosales och Aleksandra Ålund de processer som villkorar och möjliggör framväxten av en subjektsposition som aktivist bland ungdomar tillhörande en postmigrant-generation inom den svenska urbana rättviserörelsen som kallats den nya ”förortsrörelsen”. Artikeln utgör en fallstudie av Megafonen, en ungdomsledd organisation grundad i Husby som var central för framväxten av förortsrörelsen. I fokus står den unga aktivisten ”Jasmines” livsberättelse. Empiriskt baseras artikeln på material insamlat sedan 2014 genom deltagande observation, videoinspelningar, intervjuer samt texter, video och bilder hämtade från internet och pressen. Författarna undersöker relationen mellan individuella och kollektiva lärandeprocesser samt transcenderande identitetsprocesser förankrade i rörelsens ”platskamp” i rasifierade urbana landskap. Genom begreppet ”aktivistiskt medborgarskap” belyser artikeln förortsrörelsens platskamp som ett samtida uttryck för medborgarskapande genom vilket unga vuxna politiserar sina erfarenheter av marginalisering och diskriminering och kräver sin rättmätiga plats i samhället.

  • 109.
    Rosales, René León
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Renaissance from the margins: urban youth activism in Sweden2017In: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 351-374Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing the formation of a political subjectivity among swedish urban justice activists the authors discuss resistance against cultural stigmatization and social exclusion. An emergent critical public voice confronts marginalization within the formalised context of "invited spaces" for citizenship dialogues as activists create new "invented spaces" for public participation, in order to promote democratic development.

  • 110.
    Rosales, René León
    et al.
    Mångkulturellt centrum – MKC, Fittja.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Renässans från marginalen: aktivism för demokratisk förnyelse2018In: Nation i ombildning: essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, p. 333-359Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Sara, Ahlstedt
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Doing "Feelwork": reflections on whiteness and methodological challenges in research on queer partner migration2015In: Affectivity and race: studies from Nordic contexts / [ed] Rikke Andreassen, Kathrine Vitus, Farnham: Routledge, 2015, p. 187-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Saridal, Lemi Caner
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Kurdish Political Identity within the Realm of Turkish Politics and Kemalism2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Kurdish political identity, their quest for recognition has been an everlasting issue in the Turkish politics since the establishment of Turkish Republic (1923). When the Republic was building by the Republican elite during the single-party regime, the Turkish identity and Mustafa Kemal’s principles became constituent elements of Republican agenda which was ideologically aimed to be a modern nation-state that showed no tolerance to those who stayed out of its scope (i.e Kurds). The frames of Turkish identity were firstly secularism, and secondly nationalism which required one language, one identity and territorial integrity. These frames which were copied from Jacobin French nationalism regulated the Turkification process and shaped the assimilationist policies towards non-Turkish ethnic groups. This paper examines the outlines of both Turkish politics and Kurdish resistance. While providing political consequences of reluctant policies toward Kurds and the Turkish perspective of Kurds as threats towards mainstream Turkish identity, the study also touches upon the ideological transition of Kurdish movement that appeared within the Justice and Development Party (AKP) reign. The evolution of Kurdish politics eventually utilized Kurds to emancipate from being a perception of threat to Turkish nationalism and finally offers a possible solution to the conflict.

  • 113.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Immigration policy regimes, welfare states and urban inequality patterns: A comparison between Malmo and Genoa2016In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 862-877Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a general consensus that welfare states influence urban inequality patterns in cities experiencing increases in immigration. Whereas much of the existing research focused on the extent to which welfare states affect the well-being of immigrants after their admission, this study focuses on how immigration policy regimes affect the extent to which immigrant flows, and subsequent labour supply, match variations and fluctuations in the composition of demand in urban labour markets. In particular, the article develops a comparison between Malmo and Genoa, an Italian and a Swedish city with similar urban histories that display considerably different patterns of urban inequality. Immigration to Malmo was fuelled largely by humanitarian emergencies in the countries of origin and occurred in a period of economic decline for the city. The growth of the immigrant population was associated with a worsening of the labour market situation for immigrants and an increase in ethnic residential segregation. Immigration to Genoa was mainly driven by demand for cheap labour, particularly in the private-care sector. Therefore, the growth of the immigrant population was associated with an ethnic segmentation of the labour market, but it also resulted in a more dispersed distribution of immigrants than in Malmo. The differences in the urban inequality patterns in Malmo and Genoa can be only partly explained by policies affecting the living conditions of admitted immigrants. An important role has also been played by the immigration policy regimes of the two countries, which prescribed the integration potential of immigrant flows.

  • 114.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Looking beyond the neighbourhood: income inequality and residential segregation in Swedish metropolitan areas, 1991–20102016In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 963-984Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, residential segregation has become a major issue in the Swedish policy debate. The prevailing view is that residential segregation is a crucial contributing factor to the development of income inequality, since individual income prospects are thought to be influenced by the population characteristics of their neighbourhoods. This study takes the opposite approach and analyses the extent to which, in the period 1991–2010, rising income inequality contributed to the development of residential segregation by income in Swedish metropolitan areas. The period was characterized by unprecedented growth in income inequality, which was associated with a decline in the redistributive power of the welfare state. Residential segregation by income mirrored locally the general trend in income inequality. Another factor was the change in income dispersion in neighbourhoods, relative to the metropolitan areas as a whole, which indicates a tendency towards increased population homogeneity in neighbourhoods with respect to income.

  • 115.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    New Geographically Differentiated Configurations of Social Risks: Labour Market Policy Developments in Sweden and Finland2013In: Changing Social Risks and Social Policy Responses in the Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Ivan Harsløf and Rickard Ulmestig, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 220-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparative social policy studies, Nordic welfare systems are grouped together as belonging to the same welfare model (e.g. Esping-Andersen & Korpi, 1987; Esping-Andersen, 1990; Kangas & Palme, 2005). Nordic welfare systems are known for providing allencompassing coverage of their social security systems. This coverage has traditionally included a combination of basic security and earning-related measures. In addition, the Nordic welfare systems have been characterized by the generosity of the benefits provided, by the high level of effectiveness of their income redistribution policies and by the large development of their social service infrastructures. Apart from a few exceptions (e.g. Saraceno, 2002; Lähteenmäki-Smith, 2005; Scarpa, 2009), comparative social policy studies have nevertheless also implicitly assumed that Nordic welfare systems display these ‘hallmarks’ in a geographically homogeneous manner and that, in these countries, regional variation of living conditions and also in the level of protection from social risks is minimal.

  • 116.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Social Work, Linnaeus Univeristy, Växjö.
    The Emergence of a Swedish ‘Underclass’?: Welfare State Restructuring, Income Inequality and Residential Segregation in Malmö, 1991-20082013In: Economia & Lavoro, ISSN 2088-6365, E-ISSN 1579-1475, no 2, p. 121-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent political and academic debates in Sweden have been dominated by a view of urban problems as endogenously generated by the spatial concentration of individuals with similar ethnic and socioeconomic characteristics within the same neighbourhoods. The impact of welfare state retrenchment on income inequality and residential segregation instead remained an under-investigated and somehow neglected issue in recent research. This paper aims at filling this gap by analysing income inequality dynamics in Malmö in the period 1991-2008. This city offers an interesting case of analysis, given the high rates of social problems compared to other Swedish cities. The results reveal that the increase in income inequality in Malmö has been especially due to the reduced redistributive impact of the Swedish welfare state. Furthermore, the increase in residential segregation by income can be attributed to the parallel increase in citywide income inequality rather than to an alleged increase in neighbourhood sorting.

  • 117.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linneaus University, Sweden.
    The impact of income inequality on economic residential segregation: The case of Malmo, 1991-20102015In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 906-922Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As in other Western countries, in Sweden there is a widespread conviction that residential segregation influences the opportunities for residents social mobility and therefore is a cause of income inequality. But the opposite direction of causality, from income inequality to residential segregation, is often ignored. The paper fills this gap and analyses income inequality and economic residential segregation developments in Malmo in the years 1991-2010. During this period, changes in population composition owing to increased immigration had a negligible impact on income inequality, while the latter was primarily influenced by changes in the distribution of labour market earnings and capital incomes. At the same time, neighbourhood income inequality was predominantly driven by overall household income inequality and only to a much lower extent by the increase in residential sorting by income. Policy influencing income distribution rather than area-based strategies should thus be at the centre of current debates on residential segregation in Sweden.

  • 118.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The local welfare system as a scale question2016In: Combating poverty in local welfare systems – active inclusion strategies in European cities / [ed] Alexandru Panican and Håkan Johansson, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 29-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of “Areas of Outsiderness” in Sweden. The Case of Landskrona2015In: Sociologica, ISSN 1971-8853, Vol. 2, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, ethnic residential segregation has been a problem associated traditionally with the largest metropolitan areas of the country. In recent years, however, growing attention has been paid to the areas of immigrant concentration located outside the largest metropolitan areas. Landskrona is one of the most renowned Swedish municipalities, among those located outside the largest metropolitan areas, in which the recent growth of the immigrant population has led to high levels of ethnic residential segregation and, therefore, to the appearance of what Swedish policymakers define as “areas of outsiderness.” Whereas Swedish debates on ethnic residential segregation are dominated by attention to the social and ethnic composition of segregated neighbourhoods, this article focuses on how immigrant settlement patterns in Landskrona have been influenced primarily by immigration policy developments over time as well as by the downscaling of this city within the Swedish urban hierarchy. In recent decades, Landskrona has in fact gone from being an economically buoyant and socially balanced industrial city into a declining and polarized city which is struggling to find a new post-industrial identity. The growth of the immigrant population in Landskrona also has been encouraged by the general unravelling of the Swedish welfare state, which has been associated with an increase in regional imbalances in economic development as well as in housing availability and affordability.

  • 120.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Swedish Model during the International Financial Crisis: Institutional Resilience or Structural Change?2015In: The European Social Model Adrift: Europe, Social Cohesion and the Economic Crisis / [ed] Serena Romano and Gabriella Punziano, Routledge, 2015, p. 107-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter is structured as follows. The second section addresses the first of the two research questions and provides a brief and by no means exhaustive description of welfare state developments under the period in question. In particular, the focus is on the reforms of the Swedish income maintenance system, on both the tax and benefit sides, and on whether the implementation of these reforms produced new patterns of inequality between those who benefited and those who did not. The third section seeks to identify the rationale behind the policy-making process and to examine the motives that drove the reforms. Thereby, the attention is on the degree of consensus on the policy goals between the different political actors as well as between political and non-political actors. The fourth section illustrates the case study of Stockholm Metropolitan Area and examines the impact of welfare reforms on income differences between different groups (defined by employment status and ethnic background) and between neighbor hoods with different population composition. The fifth and last section reviews the main conclusions and attempts to answer the question that titles this chapter.

  • 121.
    Scarpa, Simone
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Who Undermines the Welfare State? Austerity-Dogmatism and the U-Turn in Swedish Asylum Policy2018In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 199-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the EU, the so-called “refugee crisis” has been predominantly dealt with as an ill-timed and untenable financial burden. Since the 2007-08 financial crisis, the overarching objective of policy initiatives by EU-governments has been to keep public expenditure firmly under control. Thus, Sweden’s decision to grant permanent residence to all Syrians seeking asylum in 2013 seemed to represent a paradigmatic exception, pointing to the possibility of combining a humanitarian approach in the “long summer of migration” with generous welfare provisions. At the end of 2015, however, Sweden reversed its asylum policy, reducing its intake of refugees to the EU-mandated minimum. The main political parties embraced the mainstream view that an open-door refugee policy is not only detrimental to the welfare state, but could possibly trigger a “system breakdown”. In this article, we challenge this widely accepted narrative by arguing that the sustainability of the Swedish welfare state has not been undermined by refugee migration but rather by the Swedish government’s unbending adherence to austerity politics. Austerity politics have weakened the Swedish welfare state’s socially integrative functions and prevented the implementation of a more ambitious growth agenda, harvesting a potentially dynamic interplay of expansionary economic policies and a humanitarian asylum policy.

  • 122.
    Scarpa, Simone
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Is migration bad for welfare?: Reconfigurations of welfare, labour and citizenship in Sweden2019In: Inequalitities and Migration: Challenges for the Swedish Welfare State / [ed] Sven Trygged & Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this chapter is to challenge an axiomatic assumption made in current public debates, namely that the sustainability of the welfare state in an age of globalization requires the imposition of limits on immigration. With a particular focus on Sweden and recent changes of Swedish welfare policy, the chapter shows how the current crisis of the Swedish welfare model has in fact haunted this model for decades. The argument presented is that the socially-integrative capacities of the Swedish model had been compromised well before the start of the post-2015 refugee crisis in Europe. The argument made is that it was not the scale of immigration that made the Swedish welfare state unsustainable. Rather, it is the austerity-driven retrenchment of the Swedish welfare state that, in the past quarter of a century, has steadily undermined the capacity of the welfare model to offer emancipatory and non-discriminatory pathways of incorporation to immigrants. With the neoliberal reforms implemented since the early 1990s, the current reality in Sweden is that of deepening, and increasingly ethnically tinged, class divisions and long-term social exclusion of sizeable population groups from substantial citizenship rights.

  • 123.
    Scarpa, Simone
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The end of the swedish model?: reconfigurations of welfare and citizenship in the new millennium2016In: Social inequalities and migration: challenges to social work in the swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged, Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Schenner, Johanna K.
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Asylum-seekers and refugees within Europe and labour market integration2019In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue seeks to investigate and understand the various experiences of asylum-seekers, beneficiaries of subsidiary protection and refugees in accessing labour markets across the EU and EEA countries. The first section of this introduction provides an overview of the three groups of people who are the focus of this special issue and their relationship to the labour markets in the EU Member States and EEA countries. The second section provides insights into how the essential features of their labour market integration may be understood by using Levitas’ discourse analysis. The third section explores a range of different labour market access dimensions by focusing not only on the human capital aspects of migration in general but also on the contextual factors of civic stratification; the broader societal context, including public opinion and civil society; the background and situation of earlier migrants, especially asylum-seekers and refugees with respect to national/federal laws; and the countries of origin of migrants as well as demographic trends across the EU. The fourth and final section explains and justifies the focus of this special issue and emphasises the relevance of this topic.

  • 125.
    Schenner, Johanna K.
    et al.
    Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (IRLE), University of California, Berkeley, USA.
    Neergaard, AndersLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Asylum-seekers, refugees and labour market integration in Europe: Special Issue in Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research Vol. 25 issue 12019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue seeks to understand the challenges that asylum-seekers and/or refugees face in gaining access to different sections of labour markets and thus indirectly to society in general. The texts presented in this special issue take examples from a number of European countries, including Austria, Finland, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Slovenia.

  • 126.
    Schenner, Johanna K
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Editorial2019In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 3-5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Under the rainbow: migration, precarity and people power in post-apartheid South Africa2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, p. 276-315Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Ålborg Universitet, Denmark.
    An Introduction to the Special Issue. Politics of Precarity: Migrant Conditions, Struggles and Experiences2016In: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 42, no 7-8, p. 947-958Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current special issue examines the range and strength of analysing contemporary transformations and struggles through the lens of ‘precarity’. Rather than defining a single precariat, the interest is in exploring ‘varieties of precarity’. These take different forms in different parts of the world, on different scales and in different socio-economic contexts, and yet they share certain characteristics in terms of conditions and capacity for agency. Contributions to this volume testify that precarity may be a political proposition as much as a sociological category that offers an analytical description of current transformations. The selection of articles has the ‘politics of precarity’ as a frame of reference. It describes the political economy of neoliberal globalization producing institutionally embedded precarization of labour, livelihoods and citizenship, but also resistance against the systemic structuration within which it is embedded.

  • 129.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Department of Culture and Global Studies CoMID - Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark.
    From ‘Social Exclusion’ to ‘Precarity’. The becoming-migrant of labour: an introduction2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, 1, p. 1-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bortom den svenska modellen?2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångkulturella staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Borea , 2016, 3, p. 27-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 131.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Castles, Stephen
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Understanding the dual crisis2015In: Migration and Social Policy / [ed] Jenny Phillimore, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 199-221Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Delgado Wise, Raul
    Academic Unit in Development Studies, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico.
    Toksöz, Gülay
    Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Migration, civil society and global governance: An introduction to the special issue2018In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, no 6, p. 733-745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current special issue examines the development of an emerging globalgovernance on migration and the spaces, roles, strategies and alliancemakingof a composite transnational civil society engaged in issues of rightsand the protection of migrants and their families. This question is connectedwith how different actors – the United Nations, international organizations,governments and a wide variety of civil society organizations and regionaland global trade unions – perceive the root causes of migration, globalinequality and options for sustainable development. The contributionsincluded in the special issue interrogate from different perspectives thepositionality and capacity of civil society to influence the Global Forum forMigration and Development. They examine the opportunities and challengesfaced by civil society in its endeavor to promote a rights-based approachwithin international and intergovernmental fora engaged in setting up aglobal compact for the management of migration and in other global policyspaces.

  • 133.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Likić-Brborić, BrankaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Delgado Wise, RaulDevelopment Studies, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Mexico.Toksöz, GülayDepartment of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations at Ankara University, Turkey.
    Migration, Civil Society and Global Governance2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do the United Nations, international organizations, governments, corporate actors and a wide variety of civil society organizations and regional and global trade unions perceive the root causes of migration, global inequality and options for sustainable development? This is one of the most pertinent political questions of the 21st century.

    This comprehensive collection examines the development of an emerging global governance on migration with the focus on spaces, roles, strategies and alliance-making of a composite transnational civil society engaged in issues of rights and the protection of migrants and their families. It reveals the need to strengthen networking and convergence among movements that adopt different entry points to the same struggle, from fighting ‘managed’ migration to contesting corporate control of food and land. The authors examine the opportunities and challenges faced by civil society in its endeavour to promote a rights-based approach within international and intergovernmental fora engaged in setting up a global compact for the management of migration, such as the Global Forum for Migration and Development, and in other global policy spaces.

    This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Globalizations.

  • 134.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Munck, Ronaldo
    Civic Engagement, Dublin City University, Ireland.
    Likić-Brborić, Branka
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduction: Migration, Precarity and Global Governance: Challenges and Opportunities for Labour2015In: Migration, Precarity and Global Governance: Challenges and Opportunities for Labour / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Ronaldo Munck, Branka Likić-Brborić & Anders Neergaard, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 1-29Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introductory editorial chapter paints the background to current issues of international migration, unfree labour, racialization, and changing frameworks of citizenship. The theoretical basis for this chapter is drawn from a modified view of the writings of Karl Polanyi. Using the notion of ‘precarity’ as a central concept, the editors analyse the prospects for a contemporary ‘double movement’ which challenges the commodification of labour under conditions of neoliberal globalization. The introduction summarizes and discusses the content of the book’s fifteen chapters in the light of this perspective, and posits a discussion of human rights as a stratagem for today’s labour movements. It makes a case for bringing the labour movement back in, through debates on migration, migrants’ working conditions, the organization of labour, and the utopia of social justice in a post-neoliberal era.

  • 135.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    How the Swedish model was (almost) lost: migration, welfare and the politics of solidarity2017In: Reimagineering the Nation. : essays on Twenty First Century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Bern Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 41-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the shift from an expansive Swedish welfare state with full employment as its paramount priority to an austerity-driven neoliberal model subordinating social and employment policies to the goals of inflation control and debt reduction. The authors discuss implications of this for rising inequality and social exclusion, with a focus on the Swedish welfare state in general and immigration and integration policies in particular.

  • 136.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Migration: ett hot mot välfärden?2018In: Nation i ombildning: essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, 1, p. 31-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska samhällsekonomiska modellensupplösning under 2000-talet har följts av en djup politisk kris. Det är enkris som har tagits till intäkt för den upprepade berättelsen om liberalt präglad invandrings- och mångfaldspolitik som misslyckat experiment. Författarna ifrågasätter denna berättelse genom attvända på argumentet om det negativa förhållandet mellan migrationoch välfärdsstatlig solidaritet. De hävdar således att det främst är deneuropeiska och svenska åtstramningspolitiken som sedan tidigt 90-talhar undergrävt samhällets socialpolitiska integrationspotential, skapat fördjupade etniskt präglade klasskillnader, permanentat social exkluderingav stora befolkningsgrupper från sociala och medborgerliga rättigheter,samt i sin konsekvens medfört bristande solidaritet kring välfärdsstatens institutioner.

  • 137.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social exkludering: ett beskuret medborgarskap2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Borea , 2016, 3, p. 57-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reimagineering the Common in Precarious Times2018In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 39, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores movements for social transformation in precarious times of austerity, dispossessed commons and narrow nationalism; movements counterpoised to an exhausted neoliberalism on the one hand, and a neoconservative xenophobic populism on the other. Applying ‘rainbow coalition’ as generic concept it points at contours of a globally extended countermovement for social transformation, traversing ‘race’, class and gender, driven by reimaginings of the commons and indicating how they could be repossessed and democratically ruled; that is ‘reimagineered’). A multisited enquiry explores how actors express their claims as activist citizens under varying conditions and constellations, and if/how discourses and practices from different locations and at different scales inform each other. It interrogates whether there may be an actual equivalence of outlook, objective and strategy of ostensibly homologous contending movements which develop under varying local, national and regional circumstances in contemporary communities riveted by schisms of class, ‘race’/ethnicity and gender, occupied by the ‘migration’ issue and challenged by popular demands for social sustainability. The paper contributes to social theory by linking questions posed by critics of ‘post-politics’ concerning contingences of pluralist democracy and revitalised politics of civil society, to precarity studies focused on globalisation and the changing conditions of citizenship, labour and livelihoods.

  • 139.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The end of swedish exceptionalism?: citizenship, neoliberalism and the politics of exclusion2016In: Citizens at heart?: perspectives on integration of refugees in the EU after the Yugoslav wars of succession / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Roland Kostic, Branka Likic-Brbooric, Uppsala: Hugo Valentin Centre, Uppsala universitet , 2016, p. 191-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörns högskola.
    Reading the Stockholm riots: a moment of social justice?2017In: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 327-350Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the 2013 riots in Stockholm in the perspective of a range of urban rebellions in disadvantaged metropolitan neighbourhoods of the North-Atlantic region of the past three decades of neoliberal transformation. the authors examine consequences of securitisation and police repression, institutional racism, the corrosion of citizenship an the structuring of inequality in swedish cities and they ask whether the Stockholm uprising could possibly open space for new political voices.

  • 141.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kings, Lisa
    Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Södertörns högskola, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stockholmsupproret: En kamp för social rättvisa2018In: Nation i ombildning: essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, 1, p. 307-331Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholmsupproret 2013 är ett exempel på urban oro i marginaliserade bostadsområden— ett missnöje med koppling till de senaste decenniernas nyliberala omvandling och en utveckling som kan betraktas som en havererad urbanpolitik, en uttunning av medborgerliga rättigheter samt effekter avojämlikhetsskapande processer i större städer såväl som i samhället som helhet. Dessa ”upplopp”, eller snarare uppror, i Sverige och även i andradelar av Västvärlden, uttrycker krav för social rättvisa och är en manifestationav en ny, politisk, röst . Ur kravallernas dimridå, framträder i Stockholm samtidigt en självständig, demokratiskt artikulerad rättviseorganisation som förmår att sätta strukturella orsaker till såkallade ”kravaller” i fokus för nationell och internationell debatt.Det handlar om den ungdomsledda organisationen, Megafonen i Husby som blivit känt som "förortens röst".Med sitt fokus på välfärd, fördjupad demokrati, kamp mot rasism,diskriminering och polisiärt övervåld blev Megafonen en förebild i en framväxande urban rättviserörelse. Det är denna utveckling som utgör ämnet för detta kapitel.

  • 142.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nation i ombildning2018In: Nation i ombildning: Essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, 1, p. 7-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har länge betraktats som en demokratisk förebild och ett öppet och solidariskt välfärdssamhälle. Under 2000-talet har social ojämlikhet och boendesegregering ökat, åtföljd av rasism och en allt mer restriktiv flyktingpolitik. Sverige är en nation i ombildning. Åtstramningspolitik och högerpopulism har fått bred förankring i partipolitiken. Samtidigt uppstår motrörelser, där civilsamhälleliga aktörer kräver en fördjupad demokrati och social rättvisa. Vi står inför ett skifte. Kommer en nyliberal ekonomisk politik att smälta samman med en auktoritär, rasistisk populism? Eller är de nya rörelserna en öppning mot ett mer inkluderande, jämlikt och rättvist samhälle, där visionen för framtiden byggs på hopp och optimism — inte rädsla och hot?

  • 143.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reimagineering the nation: crisis and social transformation in 21st century Sweden : an introduction2017In: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 9-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 144.
    Sinersaari, Inna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Negotiating ‘Finnishness’: The discursive construction of Finnish national identities in online discussions around immigration2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how national identities are discursively constructed in online discussions around immigration in Finland. The discursive construction of Finnish national identities is analyzed both in the light of the construction of ‘sameness’ and of ‘otherness’, drawing upon critical discourse analysis and the notion of a nation as an imagined community. The analyzed data is from a Finnish discussion forum, Suomi24. The discussions analyzed generally construct an exclusionary identity: Finnishness is often represented as something inherent and impossible to combine with, for example, Islam or Russianness. Elite discourses as well as discourses previously identified in Hommaforum, a Finnish ‘immigration critical’ forum, were reproduced in the discussions, implying that online discussions, in addition to reproducing elite discourses, can also foster them. The prevalence of exclusionary discourses and stereotypical representations in a moderated discussion forum speaks for the normalization of such ways of talking about immigration, ‘us’ and ‘others’. 

  • 145.
    Skaik, Hammam
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Terrorism, Orientation and Substantial Directions: Islamic Terrorism in the Syrian Context2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Terrorism and its causes have been widely discussed in academic literature, and especially the issue of Islamic terrorism has gained broad popular, academic and political interest. However, theories of terrorism do not seem to engage with the orientated aspect of terrorism and how terrorism can be ideologically orientated. The dominant understanding of terrorism in scholarly works argues that terrorism cannot be created by the state; rather it can be manipulated or triggered by it. Especially in the wake of the Arab Spring those theories do not engage in studying the interplay of state strategy and ideology in the making of the phenomenon while at the same time relegating the effect of humiliation and colonialist heritage and the industrialization of the body terrorist. This paper brings a new theoretical understanding about the causes of terrorism in the Middle Eastern context in the wake of the Arab Spring. This understanding draws from the theory of ideology by Louis Althusser, and the concept of orientation by Sara Ahmed in order to reach a better diagnosis of the phenomenon. Examining journalistic works written about terrorism in this context, this thesis identifies the processes of ideological orientation to produce terrorism.

  • 146.
    Slavnic, Zoran
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Taxi Drivers: Ethnic segmentation, precarious work, and Informal economic strategies in the Swedish taxi industry2015In: Journal of business anthropology, ISSN 2245-4217, E-ISSN 2245-4217, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 298-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article invesitgates the processes of ethnic segmentation, precarious labour, and informalization in the Swedish taxi industry during a period of rapid deregulation during the 1990s. It does so by focussing on the life story of a single individual―Adem, a taxi driver in the Swedish city of Malmö. Despite his education, long working experience, and all efforts to make use of these advantages, all doors to an appropriate career in Sweden have remained closed to him. As a result, he has been pushed into working in the taxi sector, which is increasingly characterized by ethnic segmentation, hard working conditins, and harsh competition, forcing people to deploy informal economic strategies in order to survive. Adem’s fate becomes strongly determined by these socio-economical processes. At the same time, the article shows that these processes are not separate, but are closely interrelated and reinforce each other. On the broader level these processes are a general consequence of the neoliberal reconstruction of Western economies, and structural economic, political and social changes related to it.

  • 147.
    Slavnic, Zoran
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban, Susanne
    Uppsala univesitet.
    Meandering Rides of the Swedish Taxi Industry: Flourishing Entrepreneurship or Ethnic Segmentation2018In: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, ISSN 0144-333X, Vol. 38, no 7/8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 148.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    et al.
    University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, USA.
    Woolfson, CharlesLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Contradictions of Austerity: The Socio-Economic Costs of the Neoliberal Baltic Model2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The great financial crisis of 2008 and the ensuing global economic and financial turmoil have launched a search for "models" for recovery. The advocates of austerity present the Baltic States as countries that through discipline and sacrifice showed the way out of crisis. They have proposed the "Baltic model" of radical public sector cuts, wage reductions, labor market reforms and reductions in living standards for other troubled Eurozone countries to emulate. Yet, the reality of the Baltic "austerity fix" has been neither fully accepted by its peoples, nor is it fully a success. This book explains why and what are the real social and economic costs of the Baltic austerity model.

    We examine each of the Baltic States by connecting national level studies within a European and global political economy, thereby delivering comparative breadth that supersedes localized understandings of the crisis. Thus for each of the three Baltic states, individual chapters explore the different economic and social dimensions of neo-liberal post-communism and the subsequent wider global economic and financial crisis in which these newly financialized economies have found themselves especially vulnerable. The "austerity model" adopted by Baltic national governments in response to the crisis reveals the profound vulnerabilities created by their unwavering commitment to liberalized economies, not least in terms of the significant "exit" of their labor forces and consequent population loss. 

    This book looks beyond basic financial metrics claiming a success story for the Baltic austerity model to reveal the damaging economic and social consequences, first of neo-liberal policies adopted during transition, and latterly of austerity measures based on "internal devaluation." Combined these policies undermine the possibility of longer-term recovery and even social and economic sustainability, not to mention prospects for successful integration in the now-faltering European project that has departed from its "Social Model" roots.

  • 149.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    et al.
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA.
    Woolfson, CharlesLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The contraditions of austerity: the socio-economic costs of the neoliberal Baltic model2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The great financial crisis of 2008 and the ensuing global economic and financial turmoil have launched a search for ‘models’ for recovery. The advocates of austerity present the Baltic states as countries that, through discipline and sacrifice, showed the way out of crisis. They have proposed the ‘Baltic model’ of radical public sector cuts, wage reductions, labor market reforms and reductions in living standards for other troubled eurozone countries to emulate. Yet, the reality of the Baltic ‘austerity fix’ has been neither fully accepted by its peoples, nor is it fully a success. This book explains why and what are the real social and economic costs of the Baltic austerity model.

    We examine each of the Baltic states by connecting national-level studies within a European and global political economy, thereby delivering comparative breadth that supersedes localized understandings of the crisis. Thus, for each of the three Baltic states, individual chapters explore the different economic and social dimensions of neoliberal post-communism, and the subsequent wider global economic and financial crisis in which these new open-market economies have found themselves especially vulnerable. The ‘austerity model’ adopted by Baltic national governments in response to the crisis reveals the profound vulnerabilities created by their unwavering commitment to free market solutions, not least in terms of the significant ‘exit’ of their labor forces.

    Today ‘recovery’ appears to be on the horizon. We look beyond basic financial metrics claiming a success story for the Baltic austerity model to reveal the damaging economic and social consequences, first of neoliberal policies adopted during transition, and latterly of austerity measures based on ‘internal devaluation.’ Combined, these policies undermine the possibility of longer-term recovery, and even social and economic sustainability, not to mention successful integration in the now-faltering wider European project.

  • 150.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    et al.
    University of Milwaukee-Wisconsin, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Juska, Arunas
    Univeristy of East Carolina, NC, USA.
    Austerity as a global prescription and lessons from the neoliberal Baltic experiment2014In: Economic and Labour Relations Review, ISSN 1035-3046, E-ISSN 1838-2673, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 397-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the 2008 economic crisis and its outcomes for the Baltic states. It then gives a genealogy of European economic policy responses to the crisis, tracing them from the emerging ‘freshwater’ school of economics (e.g. University of Chicago) that arose in opposition to Keynesian theory. The more immediate cause of the 2008 crisis, long in the making, was its reliance on private debt to sustain economic demand in light of profit-enhancing wage suppression. Following the 2008 financial shock, European Union policymakers crafted policy that placed the burden of adjustment on labour. A programme of austerity was chosen in much of the European Union, at odds with the post-war European ‘social model’. This represented a retreat from the notion of a European project that encouraged liberalisation of economic policy but at the same time could be harmonised with a social dimension to create a distinctive ‘Social Europe’. Nowhere was this austerity more vigorously applied than in the Baltic states. Its effects are examined here, along with lessons to be derived from that experience.

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