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  • 101.
    Johansson, Mats J.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Gas Exchange in the Normal Lung: Experimental studies on the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure and body position2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The principal function of the lung is gas exchange requiring adequate ventilation and perfusion at the level of the alveoli. The efficiency of gas exchange is depending on the distributions of regional ventilation (V) and pulmonary blood flow (Q) and their correlation.

    AIMS: To validate a high-resolution method to quantify regional V and to investigate the combined effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and body position on distributions of regional V and Q in the normal lung with mechanical ventilation. To assess the matching of V and Q by calculating ventilation-perfusion ratio (V/Q) heterogeneity, determining the spatial distribution of V/Q and to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in regional V/Q matching.

    METHODS: Anesthetized mechanically ventilated sheep were studied in prone or supine position with different levels of PEEP (0, 10 and 20 cmH2O). Measurements of regional V were done by determining the deposition of a wet aerosol of fluorescent microspheres (FMS) with a median mass aerodynamic diameter of 1.1 μm, and validated against Technegas. Radioactive microspheres, 15 μm in diameter, were used for determining regional Q. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was inhibited with Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to evaluate the role of NO on regional V/Q matching. The right lung was dried at total lung capacity and diced in approx. 1000 regions tracking the spatial location of each region.

    RESULTS: The deposition of FMS mirrored regional deposition of Technegas and thus regional ventilation well. In prone, with PEEP, only a small dorsal redistribution of V but not of Q was observed. The vertical Q gradient was abolished with PEEP in prone position in conflict with the classical zonal model. In supine position both V and Q were distributed with a unimodal gradient and PEEP displaced the mode further dorsally. V/Q heterogeneity was greater in supine than in prone position with and without PEEP. Furthermore, PEEP generated regions with high V/Q in supine but not in prone position. Inhibition of NOS did not change the V/Q distribution in prone position.

    CONCLUSION: There were marked differences in redistribution of regional ventilation and regional pulmonary blood flow between prone and supine position when PEEP was applied. NO was not an active mechanism for V/Q matching in normal sheep lungs.

    Delarbeid
    1. Positive end-expiratory pressure affects regional redistribution of ventilation differently in prone and supine sheep
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Positive end-expiratory pressure affects regional redistribution of ventilation differently in prone and supine sheep
    Vise andre…
    2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Critical Care Medicine, ISSN 0090-3493, E-ISSN 1530-0293, Vol. 32, nr 10, s. 2039-2044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine interactions between positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and posture on regional distribution of ventilation and to compare measurements of regional ventilation with two aerosols: a wet fluorescent microsphere aerosol (FMS, median mass aerodynamic diameter 1.1 μm) and a dry 99mTc-labeled carbon particle aerosol (Technegas, TG, median mass aerodynamic diameter ≈0.1 μm). Design: Experimental study. Setting. Academic laboratory. Subjects: Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated sheep (n = 16). Interventions: Four conditions were studied: prone or supine posture with of without 10 cm H2O PEEP. Measurements and Main results: Comparisons of FMS and TG were made in five animals. The median correlation coefficient of the two ventilation tracers was .95 (range, .91-.96). The mean ventilation per unit weight of dry lung for horizontal planes was almost identical whether measured with TG or FMS. The distribution of ventilation was assessed by analyzing deposition of aerosol in about 1,000 lung regions per animal. Distribution of ventilation down the vertical axis was linear in prone (the slope indicated a dorsal-to-ventral three-fold difference in ventilation) but unimodal in supine animals with the mode in the center of the lung. Redistribution of ventilation with 10 PEEP differed between posture, shifting the mode in supine toward dependent lung regions while eliminating the dorsal-to-ventral gradient in prone. The regional heterogeneity in ventilation was greater in supine sheep at both levels of PEEP, and this was due mostly to greater isogravitational heterogeneity in supine than in prone position. Conclusions: The wet fluorescent microsphere aerosol was as reliable as Technegas for high-resolution measurements of regional ventilation. The markedly different effects of 10 PEEP in supine and prone sheep may have important implications for gas exchange both in noninjured and injured lungs.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24429 (URN)10.1097/01.CCM.0000142395.82277.6F (DOI)6535 (Lokal ID)6535 (Arkivnummer)6535 (OAI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-07 Laget: 2009-10-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13
    2. Marked differences between prone and supine sheep in effect of PEEP on perfusion distribution in zone II lung
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Marked differences between prone and supine sheep in effect of PEEP on perfusion distribution in zone II lung
    Vise andre…
    2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 99, nr 3, s. 909-914Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The classic four-zone model of lung blood flow distribution has been questioned. We asked whether the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is different between the prone and supine position for lung tissue in the same zonal condition. Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated prone (n = 6) and supine (n = 5) sheep were studied at 0, 10, and 20 cmH2O PEEP. Perfusion was measured with intravenous infusion of radiolabeled 15-μm microspheres. The right lung was dried at total lung capacity and diced into pieces (≈1.5 cm3), keeping track of the spatial location of each piece. Radioactivity per unit weight was determined and normalized to the mean value for each condition and animal. In the supine posture, perfusion to nondependent lung regions decreased with little relative perfusion in nondependent horizontal lung planes at 10 and 20 cmH2O PEEP. In the prone position, the effect of PEEP was markedly different with substantial perfusion remaining in nondependent lung regions and even increasing in these regions with 20 cmH2O PEEP. Vertical blood flow gradients in zone II lung were large in supine, but surprisingly absent in prone, animals. Isogravitational perfusion heterogeneity was smaller in prone than in supine animals at all PEEP levels. Redistribution of pulmonary perfusion by PEEP ventilation in supine was largely as predicted by the zonal model in marked contrast to the findings in prone. The differences between postures in blood flow distribution within zone II strongly indicate that factors in addition to pulmonary arterial, venous, and alveolar pressure play important roles in determining perfusion distribution in the in situ lung. We suggest that regional variation in lung volume through the effect on vascular resistance is one such factor and that chest wall conformation and thoracic contents determine regional lung volume. Copyright © 2005 the American Physiological Society.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29636 (URN)10.1152/japplphysiol.01388.2004 (DOI)15015 (Lokal ID)15015 (Arkivnummer)15015 (OAI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-09 Laget: 2009-10-09 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13
    3. Minimal redistribution of regional ventilation-perfusion ratios by 10 and 20 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure in prone sheep
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Minimal redistribution of regional ventilation-perfusion ratios by 10 and 20 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure in prone sheep
    Vise andre…
    2014 (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has posture dependent effects on the distributions of ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q). We examined if redistribution of regional ventilation-perfusion ratios (V/Q) by PEEP was identical in prone and supine.

    Methods

    Mechanically ventilated sheep (n=16) were studied in prone or supine with 0, 10 and 20 cmH2O PEEP. V and Q were measured with a fluorescent microsphere aerosol and an intravenous infusion of microspheres, respectively. The right lung was dried at total lung capacity and diced into approx. 1000 regions tracking the spatial location of each region.

    Results

    In prone V/Q was close to unity in all horizontal planes with 0 PEEP and remained so with 10 and 20 PEEP. In supine V/Q was imperfect in the most dependent planes with 0 and 10 PEEP. V/Q approached unity in these planes when 20 PEEP was applied, but V/Q in non-dependent planes increased. The slope of the linear relationship between vertical height and V/Q was not different from zero at any PEEP in prone, but was larger than zero with all PEEP levels in supine. Mean V/Q heterogeneity (SDlogV/Q) was lower in prone at all PEEP levels (0 PEEP: 0.22 vs. 0.37,  10 PEEP: 0.21 vs. and 0.32 and 20 PEEP: 0.19 vs. 0.39, P<0.01).

    Conclusions

    Redistribution of regional V/Q was minimal in prone with PEEP and remained close to ideal in all horizontal planes. The absence of high V/Q with PEEP in prone may be clinically important when recruitment fails in the supine posture.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112360 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-24 Laget: 2014-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2014-11-24bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Inhibition of constitutive nitric oxide synthase does not influence ventilation: matching in normal prone adult sheep with mechanical ventilation
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Inhibition of constitutive nitric oxide synthase does not influence ventilation: matching in normal prone adult sheep with mechanical ventilation
    Vise andre…
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 123, nr 6, s. 1492-1499Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Local formation of nitric oxide (NO) in the lung in proportion to ventilation, leading to vasodilation, is a putative mechanism behind ventilation- perfusion matching. We examined the role of local constitutive NO formation on regional distributions of ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q) and ventilation-perfusion matching (V/Q) in mechanically ventilated adult sheep with normal gas exchange.

    Methods

    V and Q were analyzed in lung regions (≈1.5 cm3) before and after inhibition of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) with Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (25 mg/kg) in seven prone sheep ventilated with PEEP. V and Q were measured using aerosolized fluorescent and infused radiolabeled microspheres, respectively. The animals were exsanguinated while deeply anaesthetized; lungs were excised, dried at total lung capacity and divided into cube units. The spatial location for each cube was tracked and fluorescence and radioactivity per unit weight determined.

    Results

    Pulmonary artery pressure increased significantly after L-NAME (from mean 16.6 to 23.6 mmHg, P<0.01) while there were no significant changes in PaO2, PaCO2 or SD log(V/Q). Distribution of V was not influenced by L-NAME but a small redistribution of Q from ventral to dorsal lung regions resulting in less heterogeneity in Q along the gravitational axis was seen (p<0.01). Perfusion to regions with the highest ventilation (5th quintile of the V distribution) remained unchanged with L-NAME.

    Conclusions

    There was minimal or no influence of cNOS inhibition by L-NAME on the distributions of V and Q, and V/Q in prone anesthetized and ventilated adult sheep with normal gas exchange.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112361 (URN)10.1213/ANE.0000000000001556 (DOI)000388144000020 ()
    Merknad

    Funding agencies: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Sweden; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway; Anders Jahres Foundation for Promotion of Sciences, Norway; AGA Gas AB, Lidingo, Sweden

    Vid tiden för disputationen förelåg publikationen som manuskript

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-24 Laget: 2014-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 102.
    Lantz, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Swedish E Science Research Centre SeRC, Sweden.
    Renner, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Is aortic wall shear stress affected by aging? An image-based numerical study with two age groups2015Inngår i: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 265-271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The size of the larger arteries increases during the entire life, but not much is known about how the change in size affects the blood flow. This study compares the flow field in a group of young males (N = 10, age = 23.5 +/- 1.4), with a group of older males (N = 8, age = 58.0 +/- 2.8). Aortic geometries were obtained by magnetic resonance imaging, and the aortic blood flow field was computed using computational fluid dynamics. The aortic wall shear stress was obtained from the computations, and it was concluded that time-averaged wall shear stress decreased with increased age, probably as a consequence of increased aortic diameter and decreased stroke volume, which in turn reduces the shear rates in the aorta. However, the oscillatory shear index, which is a measure of the oscillatory nature of the wall shear stress vector, seemed to be unaffected by aging.

  • 103.
    Liljeroos, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Centre for Clinical Research, Sörmland County Council, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Hälsa, Aktivitet, Vård (HAV). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Perceived caring needs in patient-partner dyads affected by heart failure: A qualitative study.2014Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, nr 19-20, s. 2928-2938Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceived caring needs in patient-partner dyads affected by heart failure to develop an understanding of potential areas of support.

    BACKGROUND: Being affected by heart failure has a great impact on both the patient and the partner but until now contemporary care has remained patient focused.

    DESIGN: A qualitative study design was used.

    METHODS: Eight focus group interviews were performed, which included nineteen patients diagnosed with heart failure and their cohabiting partner. Patients were aged between 55-89 years and partners' ages ranged from 48-87 years. Data were analysed using qualitative content analyses.

    RESULTS: The dyads perceived that caring needs could be summarised in two themes 'Dyads perceive a need for continuous guidance through the different phases of the illness trajectory' and 'Dyads perceive a need to share burden and support with each other and others'. The dyads described a need to learn more about heart failure to be able to manage everyday life. Regular outpatient clinic visits and access to telephone support were vital, and having someone who cared about the well-being of the partners was perceived as comforting. Both the patient and the partner need to be present at the clinic visits. Receiving the same information and being able to ask questions reduce insecurity. Meeting others in the same situation and sharing the burden in group sessions were proposed as an opportunity to support each other and others.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve education and support for patient-partner dyads affected by heart failure.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The result shows the importance to provide continuous healthcare contacts throughout the illness trajectory. Furthermore, partners should be included at follow-up, and support groups should be organised so that dyads can meet and support each other.

  • 104.
    Liljeroos, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Hälsa, Aktivitet, Vård (HAV). Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    The cognitive, supportive and behaviour needs of participants in a nurse-led intervention targeting patients with heart failure and their partners2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 105.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska enheten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Decreased circulatory response to hypovolemic stress in young women with type 1 diabetes2013Inngår i: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 36, nr 12, s. 4076-4082Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    Diabetes is associated with hemodynamic instability during different situations involving acute circulatory stress in daily life. Young men with type 1 diabetes have been shown to have impaired circulatory response to hypovolemic stress. The effect of type 1 diabetes on cardiovascular response to hypovolemia in young women is unknown, however.

    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

    Lower body negative pressure of 30 cm H2O was used to create rapid hypovolemic stress in 15 young women with type 1 diabetes (DW) and 16 healthy women (control subjects [C]). Compensatory mobilization of venous capacitance blood (capacitance response) and net fluid absorption from tissue to blood were measured with a volumetric technique. Overall cardiovascular responses and plasma norepinephrine levels were measured.

    RESULTS:

    Capacitance response was reduced (DW, 0.67 ± 0.05; C, 0.92 ± 0.06) and developed slower in DW (P < 0.01). Capacitance response was further reduced with increasing levels of HbA1c. Fluid absorption was almost halved in DW (P < 0.01). The initial vasoconstrictor response was reduced and developed slower in DW (P < 0.05). Arterial vasoconstriction was further reduced in the presence of microvascular complications (P < 0.05).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    DW present with decreased and slower mobilization of venous capacitance blood and decreased net fluid absorption from tissue to blood during hypovolemic circulatory stress. Collectively, this indicates that DW are prone to hemodynamic instability, especially in the presence of microvascular complications and poor glycemic control.

  • 106.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Reduced defense of central blood volume during acute hypovolemic circulatory stress in aging women2012Inngår i: Shock, ISSN 1073-2322, E-ISSN 1540-0514, Vol. 37, nr 6, s. 579-585Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly men respond with decreased defense of central blood volume during hypovolemic stress, but this response has not been evaluated with age in women. The aim was to examine the compensatory mechanisms to defend central blood volume during experimental hypovolemia in elderly compared to young women. Cardiovascular responses in 34 women, 12 elderly (66.4±1.4 yr) and 22 young (23.1±0.4 yr) were studied during experimental hypovolemic circulatory stress induced by lower body negative pressure (LBNP) of 11-44 mmHg. Volumetric technique was used to assess the capacitance response (redistribution of peripheral venous blood to the central circulation) as well as to assess net capillary fluid transfer from tissue to blood in the arm. LBNP created comparable hypovolemia in elderly and young women. Heart rate increased less in elderly women (LBNP of 44 mmHg: 20±2 vs. 37±4 %, P < 0.01), but with similar decrease in forearm vascular conductance (FVC). Mobilization of capacitance blood from the peripheral circulation was both slower and decreased by ~60 % in elderly, and net capillary fluid absorption from surrounding tissues was reduced by ~40 % (LBNP of 44 mmHg). In conclusion, during acute hypovolemic circulatory stress elderly women responded with less increase in heart rate but with an equal change in FVC, implying decreased cardiovagal baroreceptor sensitivity. Furthermore, both capacitance response and net capillary fluid absorption were reduced, indicating less efficiency to defend central blood volume in elderly than in young women.

  • 107.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Slower lower limb blood pooling in young women with orthostatic intolerance.2015Inngår i: Experimental Physiology, ISSN 0958-0670, E-ISSN 1469-445X, Vol. 100, nr 1, s. 2-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Orthostatic stress is mostly caused by venous blood pooling in the lower limbs. Venous distension elicits sympathetic responses, and increased distension speed enhances the cardiovascular response. We examine whether lower limb blood pooling rate during lower body negative pressure is linked to orthostatic intolerance. What is the main finding and its importance? A similar amount of blood was pooled in the lower limb, but at a slower rate in women who developed signs of orthostatic intolerance. The difference in blood pooling rate increased with orthostatic stress and was most prominent at a presyncope-inducing level of lower body negative pressure. The findings have implications for the pathophysiology as well as treatment of orthostatic intolerance. Vasovagal syncope is common in young women, but its aetiology remains elusive. Orthostatic stress-induced lower limb blood pooling is linked with central hypovolaemia and baroreceptor unloading. Venous distension in the arm elicits a sympathetic response, which is enhanced with more rapid distension. Our aim was to study both the amount and the speed of lower limb pooling during orthostatic stress and its effects on compensatory mechanisms to maintain cardiovascular homeostasis in women with orthostatic intolerance. Twenty-seven healthy women, aged 20-27 years, were subjected to a lower body negative pressure (LBNP) of 11-44 mmHg. Five women developed symptoms of vasovagal syncope (orthostatic intolerant) and were compared with the remaining women, who tolerated LBNP well (orthostatic tolerant). Lower limb blood pooling, blood flow and compensatory mobilization of venous capacitance blood were measured. Lower body negative pressure induced equal lower limb blood pooling in both groups, but at a slower rate in orthostatic intolerant women (e.g. time to 50% of total blood pooling, orthostatic intolerant 44 ± 7 s and orthostatic tolerant 26 ± 2 s; P < 0.001). At presyncope-inducing LBNP, the mobilization of venous capacitance blood was both reduced (P < 0.05) and much slower in orthostatic intolerant women (P = 0.0007). Orthostatic intolerant women elicited blunted arterial vasoconstriction at low-grade LBNP, activating only cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, while orthostatic tolerant women responded with apparent vasoconstriction (P < 0.0001). In conclusion, slower lower limb blood pooling could contribute to orthostatic intolerance in women. Mobilization of venous capacitance blood from the peripheral to the central circulation was both slower and decreased; furthermore, reduced cardiopulmonary baroreceptor sensitivity was found in women who developed orthostatic intolerance. Further studies including women who experience syncope in daily life are needed.

  • 108.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Olsen, Henrik
    Helsingborg Hospital.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Impaired compensatory response to hypovolaemic circulatory stress in type 1 diabetes mellitus2011Inngår i: DIABETES and VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH, ISSN 1479-1641, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 136-142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Diabetes mellitus is associated with decreased haemodynamic stability and reduced tolerance to hypovolaemia. Compensatory haemodynamic responses during experimental hypovolaemia in type I diabetes patients with (DMR+) and without (DMR-) retinopathy as well as healthy controls (C) were studied. Lower body negative pressure created hypovolaemic circulatory stress. Volumetric techniques were used to assess the compensatory capacitance response (redistribution of peripheral venous blood to the central circulation) and to assess capillary fluid absorption from tissue to blood. The compensatory capacitance response was 1/3 lower in DMR+ compared with C (p = 0.002) and DMR- (p = 0.01). Net capillary fluid absorption was reduced by one-third in DMR- and DMR+ compared with C (each p less than 0.05). Type I diabetes patients with retinopathy demonstrate reduced mobilisation of peripheral venous blood to the central circulation. Furthermore, type I diabetes patients present with impaired capillary fluid absorption, which in combination with potentially decreased sympathetic vasoconstriction impedes cardiovascular homeostasis during acute hypovolaemic stress.

  • 109. Lindskog, M
    et al.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlström, G
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nolin, T
    Mårdh, C
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Orwelius, Lotti
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Samuelsson, C
    Är svensk intensivvård könsjämlik?2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 110.
    Ljungberg, Liza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alehagen, Urban
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    De Basso, Rachel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Persson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme levels are associated with left ventricular dysfunction, but not with central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation or pulse pressure amplification2011Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study aimed to explore the link between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and left ventricular (LV) function and central hemodynamics.

    Methods and Results: The study population consisted of 672 subjects (322 men and 350 women) aged 69-87 years. LV function was evaluated semi-quantitatively by visual estimation using echocardiography. Central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation and pulse pressure amplification were determined in a sub-group of 422 subjects by the use of the SphygmoCor system. ACE genotype was determined by PCR and circulating ACE levels were analysed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

    LV dysfunction was associated with higher levels of circulating ACE compared to subjects with normal LV function (p=0.007). This association remained after adjustment for factors previously shown to affect circulating ACE (ACE-genotype, age, diabetes and smoking) (p=0.036). There was a significant association between ACE level and degree of LV dysfunction (p=0.019). However, there was no association of ACE genotype or circulating ACE with central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation or pulse pressure amplification.

    Conclusion: Subjects with LV dysfunction have higher levels of circulating ACE compared to subjects with normal LV function. ACE might play a role in the pathogenesis of LV dysfunction and our data indicates a direct effect on the heart rather than affecting central blood pressure.

  • 111.
    Ljungberg, Liza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alehagen, Urban
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Björck, Hanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    De Basso, Rachel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Persson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The association between circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme and cardiovascular risk in the elderly: A cross-sectional study.2011Inngår i: jraas. Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, ISSN 1470-3203, E-ISSN 1752-8976, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 281-289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: A polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE I/D polymorphism) has been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This polymorphism affects the level of circulating ACE, but there is great individual variation, even between those with the same genotype. Few previous studies have investigated the link between circulating ACE and cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to investigate this association, and to examine the relationship between ACE level, ACE genotype and CVD.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 322 men and 350 women aged 69-87. Plasma ACE level was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and ACE genotype was analysed using PCR followed by gel electrophoresis.

    RESULTS: In men, ACE levels increased with increasing number of cardiovascular risk factors (p = 0.003). There was a significant association in men between increased ACE level and both diabetes (p = 0.007) and smoking (p = 0.037).

    CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that cardiovascular risk factors (such as smoking and diabetes) are associated with higher levels of circulating ACE in men. High ACE levels may represent one of the cellular mechanisms involved in producing the vascular damage associated with cardiovascular risk factors.

  • 112.
    Ljungberg, Liza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    De Basso, Rachel
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi.
    Alehagen, Urban
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Björck, Hanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Persson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Impaired abdominal aortic wall integrity in elderly men carrying the angiotensin-converting enzyme D allele2011Inngår i: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1078-5884, E-ISSN 1532-2165, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 309-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: A genetic polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE I/D polymorphism) has been associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm and a link between aortic aneurysm and aortic stiffness has been suggested. The aim of this study was to explore the links between ACE I/D polymorphism, circulating ACE, and abdominal aortic wall integrity as reflected by abdominal aortic wall stiffness.

    Material: The study population consisted of 406 subjects (212 men and 194 women) aged 70-88 years.

    Methods: The mechanical properties of the abdominal aorta were determined 3-4 cm proximal to the aortic bifurcation using a Wall Track System. ACE-genotype was determined by PCR followed by gel electrophoresis, and circulating ACE level was measured by ELISA.

    Results: Men carrying the ACE D allele had lower distensibility coefficient than II carriers (ID/DD 8.09 vs II 10.38, P=0.017). Multiple regression analyses showed additional associations between the ACE D allele and increased stiffness β as well as reduced cross-sectional compliance.

    Conclusion: This study showed that men carrying the ACE D allele have stiffer abdominal aortas compared to II carriers. Deranged abdominal aortic stiffness indicates impaired vessel wall integrity, which along with other local predisposing factors, may be of importance in aneurysmal disease.

  • 113.
    Ljungberg, Liza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Johan Östgren, Carl
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i västra Östergötland, Primärvården i västra länsdelen.
    Nyström, Fredrik H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska enheten.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Associations of genetic polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin system with central aortic and ambulatory blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients2014Inngår i: jraas. Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, ISSN 1470-3203, E-ISSN 1752-8976, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 61-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at high risk of developing hypertension and related cardiovascular disease. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a central role in regulation of blood pressure (BP). Accordingly, each component of this system represents a potential candidate in the etiology of hypertension. This study investigated the impact of polymorphisms within the RAS on ambulatory and central BP in T2D subjects. A cohort of 761 subjects (55-65 years) with T2D was studied. Ambulatory and central BP were measured, and ACE I/D genotype, angiotensinogen M235T, renin rs6693954 and ATR1-A1166C polymorphisms were analyzed. Women carrying the AA-genotype had lower 24-hour and day-time systolic and diastolic BP (pless than0.05), and lower night-time and central diastolic BP (pless than0.05), compared to T allele carriers. In men, the AA-genotype was instead associated with higher central diastolic BP (p=0.018) and higher augmentation index (p=0.016). Further, the associations between the renin rs6693954 SNP and diastolic BP were strongly gender dependent (p less than= 0.001). In T2D patients, there is a gender-dependent association of the renin rs6693954 SNP with central and ambulatory BP. Women carrying the renin rs6693954 AA-genotype may be protected against the higher BP seen in men with the same genotype.

  • 114.
    Ljungberg, Liza U.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alehagen, Urban
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    De Basso, Rachel
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Persson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme is associated with left ventricular dysfunction, but not with central aortic hemodynamics2013Inngår i: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 166, nr 2, s. 540-541Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 115.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Aorta­aneurysm rutinbehandlas  endovaskulärt trots bristfällig evidens: Svag grund för att endovaskulär teknik är bättre än öppen2010Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 107, nr 48, s. 3045-3046Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige behandlas hälften av patienterna med bukaortaaneurysm med endovaskulär teknik.

    Randomiserade studier ger varken kliniskt eller hälsoekonomiskt stöd för denna policy.

    Svenska resultat med öppen kirurgisk teknik hävdar sig väl i internationell konkurrens.

  • 116.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Does patency after a vein collar and PTFE-bypass depend on sex and age? Re-analysis of a randomised trial2012Inngår i: International Journal of Angiology, ISSN 0392-9590, E-ISSN 1827-1839, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 156-162Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. Randomized studies evaluating the effect of a vein collar at the distal anastomosis of PTFE-grafts show conflicting results. The study of the Joint Vascular Research Group (JVRG) of UK found improved primary patency while the Scandinavian Miller Collar Study (SCAMICOS) found neither any effect on patency nor on limb salvage after bypass to below-knee arteries. However, the Scandinavian patients were a decade older and predominately female compared to the British patients. Can this explain the conflicting result? less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: Primary patency with respect to sex, age and the use of vein collar were re-analysed in 345 patients from SCAMICOS with Kaplan-Meier life-table technique, log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression to evaluate any interaction between sex or age and the effect of a vein collar on the primary patency rate. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults. Females had better patency than males (log-rank test, chi(2)=9.4, df=1, P=0.002) but age had no influence on patency (log-rank test, chi(2)=3.3, df=3, P=0.35). However, 47% of the males compared to 23% of the females were smokers (P=0.00002). No interaction effect between sex and vein collar (P-value=0.224) or age and vein collar (P-value=0527) was established. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion. The difference between the two randomised vein collar studies are unlikely to depend on the disparity in sex and age of the study populations.

  • 117.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    External Support of a Polytetrafluoroethylene Graft Improves Patency for Bypass to Below-Knee Arteries2013Inngår i: Annals of Vascular Surgery, ISSN 0890-5096, E-ISSN 1615-5947, Vol. 27, nr 8, s. 1124-1133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patency and limb salvage after synthetic bypass to the arteries below the knee are inferior to that which can be achieved with autologous vein. The use of external support of synthetic polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts to the below-knee position has been suggested to improve patency and limb salvage, a problem analyzed in this randomized clinical trial. We examined whether external graft support improves patency and/or limb salvage in patients undergoing reconstruction with synthetic PTFE grafts to the below-knee arteries. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: Three hundred thirty-four patients with critical limb ischemia undergoing PTFE bypass to below-knee arteries were randomly assigned to have an ordinary PTFE graft or one with external support. Follow-up was scheduled until amputation, death, or at most 5 years, whichever event occurred first. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Patients in both the femoropopliteal and femorodistal groups were randomized to have an externally supported PTFE graft (101/195 patients in the femoropopliteal group and 72/139 patients in the femorodistal group). Follow-up information was available for 329 of 334 randomized patients (99%). At 1 year postprocedure, primary patency for below-knee bypass was 0.55 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47-0.64) with and 0.42 (95% CI, 0.34-0.50) without externally supported PTFE grafts, and secondary patency was 0.58 (95% CI, 0.51-0.67) and 0.47 (95% CI, 0.39-0.56), respectively. The corresponding figures for limb salvage were 0.75 (95% CI, 0.68-0.82) and 0.69 (95% CI, 0.62-0.77), respectively. The log rank test revealed statistically significant differences between patients with or without externally supported grafts for patency (primary patency: chi(2) = 4.2 [degrees of freedom 1; P=0.041]; secondary patency: chi(2) = 4.3 [degrees of freedom 1; P=0.037]) but not for limb salvage (limb salvage: chi(2) = 0.2 [degrees of freedom 1; P=0.657]). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: External support to a PTFE graft used for bypass to below-knee arteries improves primary and secondary patency but not limb salvage.

  • 118.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Letter: In Response to Prof. MJ Goughs Second Comment on SCAMICOS2011Inngår i: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1078-5884, E-ISSN 1532-2165, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 135-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 119.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Response to Comments of Prof. M.J. Gough Concerning SCAMICOS (vol 40, pg 540, 2010)2011Inngår i: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1078-5884, E-ISSN 1532-2165, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 442-442Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 120.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Rutinmässig behandling av bukaortaaneurysm: Visst ska resultaten från randomiserade studier tillämpas, men...2010Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 107, nr 50, s. 3225-3226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 121.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    The vein collar: an anastomotic servant or a patency promoter? Re-analysis of a randomized trial2012Inngår i: International Journal of Angiology, ISSN 0392-9590, E-ISSN 1827-1839, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 234-238Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. Randomized studies evaluating the effect of a vein collar at the distal anastomosis of PTFE-grafts show conflicting results. The study of the Joint Vascular Research Group (JVRG) of UK found improved primary patency while the Scandinavian Miller Collar Study (SCAMICOS) found neither any effect on patency nor on limb salvage after bypass to below-knee arteries. It has been discussed whether the questioned positive effect of a vein collar is due to technical advantages when the anastomosis is made rather than on a positive influence on the long-term effect by less pseudointima formation. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods. Primary patency regarding the use of vein collar were re-analyzed in 345 patients from SCAMICOS with Kaplan-Meier life-table technique and Cox proportional hazards regression in a counting process notation to evaluate any interaction between time-period and the effect of a vein collar on the primary patency rate. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults. No overall effect on primary patency of a vein collar at the distal anastomosis was found irrespective of the site anastomosis. However, during the first 30 days of follow-up the primary patency among the femoro-crural bypasses was 0.87 (0.79-0.95) and 0.72 (0.63-0.83) with and without vein collar respectively. The interaction between vein collar and time-period was not statistically significant (P=0.070) and neither was the Score test for the whole interaction analysis (P=0.091) for the patients with anastomosis to the crural arteries. No such initial differences were found for the patients with anastomosis to the popliteal artery below-knee. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion. A clinically relevant but not statistically significant better primary patency during the first 30 days was found for patients with PTFE-bypass to the crural arteries with a vein collar at the distal anastomosis. There were no long-term advantages of the vein collar irrespective of the location of the anastomosis.

  • 122.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Troëng, Thomas
    Blekingesjukhuset, Karlskrona.
    Svårt utvärdera nya kirurgiska metoder: IDEAL ger bättre kontroll av kirurgisk innovation och utveckling2011Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 108, nr 21, s. 1178-1179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya kirurgiska metoder kan inte utvärderas på samma sätt som nya farmaka.

    IDEAL-modellen anger hur systematisk utvärdering av kirurgisk teknik bör ske.

    Studier baserade på registerdata kan vara värdefulla i sådan utvärdering.

  • 123. Lundin, Å
    et al.
    Nyberg, H
    Svanberg, C
    Hallingbäck, C
    Philipsson, S
    Kindahl, P
    Nilsson, A
    Peterzén, Bengt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Hur mår den hjärtopererade patienten ett år efter operationen?2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 124.
    Maleki, Shohreh
    et al.
    Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Björck, Hanna M.
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Folkersen, Lasse
    Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Nilsson, R.
    Computational Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Renner, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Caidahl, K.
    Clinical Physiology, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Franco‐Cereceda, A.
    7Cardiothoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Eriksson, Per
    Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Identification of a novel flow-mediated gene expression signature in patients with bicuspid aortic valve2013Inngår i: Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 0946-2716, E-ISSN 1432-1440, Vol. 91, nr 1, s. 129-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: Individuals with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are at significantly higher risk of developing serious aortic complications including aortic aneurysm and dissection than individuals with a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). Studies have indicated an altered aortic blood flow in patients with BAV, however the extent to which altered flow may influence the pathological state of BAV aorta is still unclear.

    Objective: To dissect flow-mediated gene expression potentially leading to increased aneurysm susceptibility in patients with BAV.

    Methods and Results: A large collection of publically available microarray data sets were screened for consistent co-expression with KLF2, KLF4, TIE1, THBD, and PKD2, five previously well-characterized flow-regulated genes. This identified 122 genes with coexpression probability of >0.5. Of these, 44 genes satisfied two additional filtering criteria in ascending aorta (127 arrays). The criteria were significant correlation with one or more of the 5 query genes (R>0.40) and differential expression between patients with BAV and TAV. No gene fulfilled the criteria in mammary artery (88 arrays). A large proportion of the identified genes were angiogenesis related genes. Further, 55% of the genes differentially expressed between BAV and TAV showed differential expression in disturbed vs. uniform flow pattern regions in rat aorta. Protein expression of ZFP36, PKD2 and GPR116 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and their association with BAV were further discussed.

    Conclusions: With a new strategy to dissect flow-mediated gene expression, we identified novel genes associated with valve morphology. The complex pattern of blood flow, as a consequence of BAV

  • 125.
    Modin, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Renner, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gårdhagen, Roland
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ebbers, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Evaluation of Aortic Geometries created by MRI Data in Man2011Inngår i: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 31, nr 6, s. 485-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of atherosclerotic plaques has been associated with the patterns of wall shear stress (WSS). However, much is still uncertain with the methods used to calculate WSS. Correct vessel geometries are mandatory to get reliable estimations and the purpose of this study was to evaluate an in vivo method for creating aortic 3D geometry in man based on data from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with ultrasound as reference.

    Methods: The aortas of ten healthy males, 23.4 ± 1.6 years of age, were examined with MRI, and 3D geometries were created with manual segmentation of the images. Lumen diameters (LD) were measured in the abdominal aorta (AA) and the thoracic aorta (TA) with non-invasive B-mode ultrasound as a reference.

    Results: The anteroposterior diameter of the AA was 13.6 ± 1.1 mm for the MRI and 13.8 ± 1.3 mm for the ultrasound (NS). Intraobserver variability (CV) for MRI and ultrasound was <0.92% and <0.40% respectively . Interobserver variability MRI and ultrasound was 0.96% and 0.56% respectively. The diameter of the TA was 19.2 ± 1.4 mm for the MRI, and the intraobserver variability (CV) were <0.78% and interobserver variability (CV) were 0.92%.

    Conclusion: Specific arterial geometries can be constructed with a high degree of accuracy using MRI. This indicate that the MRI geometries may be used to create realistic and correct geometries in the calculation of WSS in the aorta of man.

  • 126.
    Mårdh, C
    et al.
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Nolin, T
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlström, G
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Möller, C
    Tre års kontinuerlig, öppen nationell uppföljning i Svenska Intensivvårdsregistret (SIR) av avlidna på IVA enligt protkoll - vilka problem har vi haft?2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 127.
    Nielsen, Niels-Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wallby, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Ahn, Henrik Casimir
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Dahlin, Lars-Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Nylander, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Lindgren, B
    Freter, W
    Johansson, M
    Baranowski, Jacek
    Transcatheter valve-in-valve - an elegant solution to a surgical problem.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 128.
    Nielsen, Niels-Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wallby, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Freter, W
    Ahn, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Baranowski, Jacek
    Transcatheter valve implantation in a leaking degenerated aortic homograft2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 129.
    Nielsen, Niels-Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wallby, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Johansson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Ahn, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Dahlin, Lars-Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Baranowski, Jacek
    Transcatheter valve implantation in 4 year old degenerated TAVI2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 130.
    Nielsen, Niels-Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wallby, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Wolfgang, Freter
    Ahn, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Baranowski, Jacek
    Total percutaneous transcatheter valve implantation in native mitral stenosis in a patinent with previous transapical TACI2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 131.
    Nielsen, Nils Erik
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Rahgozar, Mohammad
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wallby, Lars
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Nylander, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Hermansson, Ulf
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Håkanson, Erik
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Baranowski, Jacek
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Perkutan kateterburen stängning av paravalvulärt läckage efter mitralisplastik2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 132. Nilsson, A
    et al.
    Svanberg, C
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Lundin, Å
    Ångest och despression är vanligt 12 mån efter en hjärtoperation och förekomsten är associerad med nedsatt hälsorelaterad livskvalitet omedelbart före operation2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 133.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Anestesiologi med intensivvård. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och operationkliniken US.
    Bokström, Pernilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Gårdman, Caroline
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Rutberg, Hans
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Patientsäkerhetsenheten.
    Strukturerad journalgranskning av alla dödsfall under ett år vid en allmänkirurgisk klinik2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 134.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Anestesiologi med intensivvård. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Bokström, Pernilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Gårdman, Caroline
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Rutberg, Hans
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Patientsäkerhetsenheten.
    Systematic review of adverse events in a surgical ward2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 135. Nolin, T
    et al.
    Mårdh, C.
    Karlström, G
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Variationen i antalet organdonationer per landsting minskar när hänsyn tas till donatorns hemvist.2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 136. Olsson, A
    et al.
    Håkansson, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Svedjeholm, Rolf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Alfredsson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Berg, Sören
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Protamine reduces whole blood platelet aggregation after cardiopulmonary bypass2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 137.
    Olsson, Anki
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. BTH, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Berg, Sören
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Improved quality of retransfused residual blood from the cardio-pulmonary bypass circuit with Ringer wash-in technique2014Inngår i: Sixth Joint Scandinavian Conference in Cardiothoracic Surgery 2014.: Abstract O35., 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 138.
    Orwelius, Lotti
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för inflammationsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Health-related quality of life scores after intensive care are almost equal to those of the normal population: a multicenter observational study2013Inngår i: Critical Care, ISSN 1364-8535, E-ISSN 1466-609X, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. R236-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION:

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients treated in intensive care has been reported to be lower compared with age- and sex-adjusted control groups. Our aim was to test whether stratifying for coexisting conditions would reduce observed differences in HRQoL between patients treated in the ICU and a control group from the normal population. We also wanted to characterize the ICU patients with the lowest HRQoL within these strata.

    METHODS:

    We did a cross-sectional comparison of scores of the short-form health survey (SF-36) questionnaire in a multicenter study of patients treated in the ICU (n = 780) and those from a local public health survey (n = 6,093). Analyses were in both groups adjusted for age and sex, and data stratified for coexisting conditions. Within each stratum, patients with low scores (below -2 SD of the control group) were identified and characterized.

    RESULTS:

    After adjustment, there were minor and insignificant differences in mean SF-36 scores between patients and controls. Eight (n = 18) and 22% (n = 51) of the patients had low scores (-2 SD of the control group) in the physical and mental dimensions of SF-36, respectively. Patients with low scores were usually male, single, on sick leave before admission to critical care, and survived a shorter time after being in ICU.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    After adjusting for age, sex, and coexisting conditions, mean HRQoL scores were almost equal in patients and controls. Up to 22% (n = 51) of the patients had, however, a poor quality of life as compared with the controls (-2 SD). This group, which more often consisted of single men, individuals who were on sick leave before admission to the ICU, had an increased mortality after ICU. This group should be a target for future support.

  • 139.
    Orwelius, Lotti
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Gren, H
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Mårdh, C
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Karlström, G
    The Swedish Intensive Care Registry, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Assessing outcome after critical illness by use of a nation intensive care registry (SIR)2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 140.
    Orwelius, Lotti
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Assessing patient reported outcome measures (PROM) after critical illness using a nationwide intensive care registry2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 141.
    Renner, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lantz, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ebbers, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Altered WSS in the human aorta with age – implications for wall remodeling and lesions?2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Renner, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Nadali Najafabadi, Hossein
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Modin, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Subject-specific aortic wall shear stress estimations using semi-automatic segmentation2012Inngår i: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 481-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Atherosclerosis development is strongly believed to be influenced by hemodynamic forces such as wall shear stress (WSS). To estimate such an entity in-vivo in humans, image-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a useful tool. In this study, we use a combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CFD to estimate WSS. In such method, a number of steps are included. One important step is the interpretation of images into 3D models, named segmentation. The choice of segmentation method can influence the resulting WSS distribution in the human aorta. This is studied by comparing WSS results gained from the use of two different segmentation approaches: manual and semi-automatic, where the manual approach is considered to be the reference method. The investigation is performed on a group of eight healthy male volunteers. The different segmentation methods give slightly different geometrical depictions of the human aorta (difference in the mean thoracic Aorta lumen diameter were 0.7% Pandlt;0.86). However, there is a very good agreement between the resulting WSS distribution for the two segmentation approaches. The small differences in WSS between the methods increase in the late systole and early diastolic cardiac cycle time point indicating that the WSS is more sensitive to local geometric differences in these parts of the cardiac cycle (correlation coefficient is 0.96 at peak systole and 0.68 at early diastole). We can conclude that the results show that the semi-automatic segmentation method can be used in future to estimate relevant aortic WSS.

  • 143.
    Renner, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Nadali Najafabadi, Hossein
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Modin, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Wall Shear Stress Estimations using Semi-Automatic SegmentationManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Atherosclerosis development is strongly believed to be influenced by hemodynamic forces such as wall shear stress (WSS). To estimate such entity in-vivo in humans, is image based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) a powerful tool. In this paper we use a combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CFD to estimate WSS. In such method a number of steps is included. One important step is the image interpretation into 3D models, named segmentation. The choice of segmentation method can influence the resulting WSS distribution in the human aorta. This is studied by comparingWSS results gained from the use of two different segmentation approaches: manual and semi-automatic, where the manual approach is considered to be the reference method. The investigation is performed on a group of 8 healthymale volunteers. The different segmentation methods give slightly different geometrical descriptions of the human aorta. However there is a very good agreement between the resultingWSS distribution for the two segmentation approaches. The small differences in WSS between the methods increase in the late systole and early diastolic cardiac cycle time position indicating that theWSS is more sensitive to local geometry differences in these parts of the cardiac cycle. We can conclude that the results show that the semi-automatic segmentation method can be used in the future to estimate WSS with relevant accuracy.

  • 144.
    Richter, Arina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Cederholm, Ingemar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Thoraxkirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Mucchiano, Carlo
    Högland Hospital, Eksjö, Sweden.
    Träff, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Janerot Sjöberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Biomedicinsk instrumentteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Effect of Long-Term Thoracic Epidural Analgesia on Refractory Angina Pectoris: A 10-Year Experience2012Inngår i: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, ISSN 1053-0770, E-ISSN 1532-8422, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 822-828Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    In patients with refractory angina, the adjuvant effects of long-term home self-treatment with thoracic epidural analgesia on angina, quality of life, and safety were evaluated.

    Design

    A prospective, consecutive study.

    Setting

    A university hospital.

    Participants and Intervention

    Between January 1998 and August 2007, 152 consecutive patients with refractory angina began treatment with thoracic epidural analgesia by intermittent injections of bupivacaine (139 home treatment and 13 palliative). Data were collected until August 2008; therefore, the follow-up for each patient was between 1 and 9 years.

    Measurements and Main Results

    All but 7 of the patients improved symptomatically, and the improvement was maintained throughout the period of treatment (median = 19 months; range, 1 month-8.9 years). After 1 to 2 weeks, the median (interquartile range [IQR]) Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class decreased from 4.0 (3.0-4.0) to 2.0 (1.0-2.0), the mean ± standard deviation frequency of anginal attacks decreased from 36 ± 19 to 4.4 ± 6.8 a week, the nitroglycerin intake decreased from 27.7 ± 15.7 to 2.7 ± 4.9 a week, and the median (IQR) overall self-rated quality of life assessed by the visual analog scale increased from 25 (20-30) to 70 (50-75) (all p < 0.001). About one-third of the patients had a dislodgement of the epidural catheter. Apart from 1 epidural hematoma that appeared in 1 patient with a previously undiagnosed bleeding defect, no other serious catheter-related complications occurred.

    Conclusions

    Long-term self-administered home treatment with thoracic epidural analgesia is a safe, widely available adjuvant treatment for patients with severe refractory angina. It produces symptomatic relief of angina and improves quality of life. The technical development of the method to protect the catheter against dislodgement is needed.

  • 145.
    Rönnerfalk, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Edston, Erik
    Rättsmedicinska institutet, Linköping.
    Nylander, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Tamás, Evá
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Fibros i vänster kammare vid aortastenos och dess påverkan på vänsterkammarfunktion2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 146.
    Sigvant, B
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Henriksson, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Utvärdering och hälsoekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Lundin, F
    Karlstad Hospital.
    Wahlberg, Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease: is pharmacological prevention of cardiovascular risk cost-effective?2011Inngår i: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION and REHABILITATION, ISSN 1741-8267, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 254-261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of early death in cardiovascular (CV) disease. The majority of PAD subjects are asymptomatic with a prevalence of 11 per cent among the elderly. Long-term drug prevention aiming to minimize disease progression and CV events in these subjects is probably beneficial, but expensive. The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pharmacological risk reduction in subclinical PAD. Long-term costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were estimated by employing a decision-analytic model for ACE-inhibitor, statin, aspirin and non-aspirin anti-platelet therapy. Rates of CV events without treatment were derived from epidemiological studies and event rate reduction were retrieved from clinical trials. Costs and health-related quality of life estimates were obtained from published sources. All four drugs reduced CV events. Using ACE-inhibition resulted in a heart rate (HR) of 0.67 (95% CI: 0.55-0.79), statins 0.74 (0.70-0.79), and clopidogrel 0.72 (0.43-1.00). Aspirin had a HR of 0.87 and the 95% CI passed included one (0.72-1.03). ACE-inhibition was associated with the largest reduction in events leading to the highest gain in QALYs (7.95). Furthermore, ACE-inhibitors were associated with the lowest mean cost (sic)40.556. In conclusion, while all drugs reduced CV events, ACE-inhibition was the most cost-effective. These results suggest that we should consider efforts to identify patients with asymptomatic PAD and, when identified, offer ACE-inhibition.

  • 147.
    Sigvant, Birgitta
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Lundin, Fredrik
    Karlstad Hospital.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Karlstad Hospital .
    Bergqvist, David
    University Uppsala Hospital.
    Wahlberg, Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Differences in presentation of symptoms between women and men with intermittent claudication2011Inngår i: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, ISSN 1471-2261, E-ISSN 1471-2261, Vol. 11, nr 39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: More women than men have PAD with exception for the stage intermittent claudication (IC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in disease characteristics between men and women when using current diagnostic criteria for making the diagnosis IC, defined as ABI less than 0.9 and walking problems. Study Design: Cohort study Methods: 5040 elderly (median age 71) subjects participated in a point-prevalence study 2004. They had their ABI measured and filled out questionnaires covering medical history, current medication, PAD symptoms and walking ability. The prevalence of IC was 6.5% for women and 7.2% for men (P = 0.09). A subset of subjects with IC (N = 56) was followed up four years later with the same procedures. They also performed additional tests aiming to determine all factors influencing walking ability. Results: Men with IC had more concomitant cardiovascular disease and a more profound smoking history than women. Women, on the other hand, reported a lower walking speed (P less than 0.01) and more joint problems (P = 0.018). In the follow up cohort ABI, walking ability and amount of atherosclerosis were similar among the sexes, but women more often reported atypical IC symptoms. Conclusion: Sex differences in the description of IC symptoms may influence diagnosis even if objective features of PAD are similar. This may influence accuracy of prevalence estimates and selection to treatment.

  • 148.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Brännskadevård. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och operationkliniken US.
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Intensive care registries and the evolution of the concept of quality of care - reflections from the 10-year anniversary symposium of the Swedish Intensive Care Registry2012Inngår i: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 56, nr 9, s. 1073-1077Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 149.
    Sjöblom, Peter
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nyström, Fredrik H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska kliniken.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i västra Östergötland, Primärvården i västra länsdelen.
    Microalbuminuria, but not reduced eGFR, is associated with cardiovascular subclinical organ damage in type 2 diabetes2014Inngår i: Diabetes & Metabolism, ISSN 1262-3636, E-ISSN 1878-1780, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 49-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This study explored the association between reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and microalbuminuria vs. subclinical organ damage in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    METHODS: Data from middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes (n=706) treated in primary care were analyzed for microalbuminura, defined as a urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR)≥3.0mmol/mol, and reduced eGFR, defined as<60mL/min/1.73m(2), in relation to blood pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and lumen diameter (LD).

    RESULTS: Patients with microalbuminuria had significantly higher 24-h ambulatory systolic blood pressure (ASBP) compared with subjects with uACR<3mg/mmol: 137 vs. 128mmHg (P<0.001). There were no differences in ASBP in patients with eGFR<60mL/min/1.73m(2). However, patients with vs. without microalbuminuria had increased PWV (11.4 vs. 10.1m/s; P<0.001), LVMI (134.4 vs. 118.6g/m(2); P<0.001), LD (7.01±0.93 vs. 6.46±0.74mm; P<0.001) and IMT (0.78 vs. 0.74mm; P=0.047), respectively. The associations between uACR vs. PWV and LVMI were more robust after adjusting for age, diabetes duration, ASBP, HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, and antihypertensive and lipid-lowering therapy compared with uACR vs. IMT. There were no statistically significant differences in PWV, LVMI or IMT between patients with reduced (<60mL/min/1.73m(2)) vs. normal eGFR.

    CONCLUSION: Levels of urinary albumin excretion, but not reduced eGFR, were associated with increased arterial stiffness, left ventricular mass and atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

  • 150.
    Skoog, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Zachrisson, Helene
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Ekman, Mikael
    Ekman Biomed Data AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ewerman, Lea
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Calf venous compliance measured by venous occlusion plethysmography: methodological aspects.2015Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 115, nr 2, s. 245-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Calf venous compliance (C calf) is commonly evaluated with venous occlusion plethysmography (VOP) during a standard cuff deflation protocol. However, the technique relies on two not previously validated assumptions concerning thigh cuff pressure (P cuff) transmission and the impact of net fluid filtration (F filt) on C calf. The aim was to validate VOP in the lower limb and to develop a model to correct for F filt during VOP.

    METHODS: Strain-gauge technique was used to study calf volume changes in 15 women and 10 age-matched men. A thigh cuff was inflated to 60 mmHg for 4 and 8 min with a subsequent decrease of 1 mmHg s(-1). Intravenous pressure (P iv) was measured simultaneously. C calf was determined with the commonly used equation [Compliance = β 1 + 2β 2 × P cuff] describing the pressure-compliance relationship. A model was developed to identify and correct for F filt.

    RESULTS: Transmission of P cuff to P iv was 100 %. The decrease in P cuff correlated well with P iv reduction (r = 0.99, P < 0.001). Overall, our model showed that C calf was underestimated when F filt was not accounted for (all P < 0.01). F filt was higher in women (P < 0.01) and showed a more pronounced effect on C calf compared to men (P < 0.05). The impact of F filt was similar during 4- and 8-min VOP.

    CONCLUSIONS: P cuff is an adequate substitute for P iv in the lower limb. F filt is associated with an underestimation of C calf and differences in the effect of F filt during VOP can be accounted for with the correction model. Thus, our model seems to be a valuable tool in future studies of venous wall function.

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