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  • 101.
    Bergström, Annika
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Håkansson, Åsa
    Skanes Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Warrén Stomberg, Margareta
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Comfort Theory in Practice-Nurse Anesthetists Comfort Measures and Interventions in a Preoperative Context2018Ingår i: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 162-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The Comfort Theory proposes a systematic work approach to respond to patients holistic needs. The usefulness of the Comfort Theory in the perioperative setting should be investigated. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the nurse anesthetists comfort measures in the preoperative context on the basis of the Comfort Theory Design: Qualitative observational study Methods: Semi-structured, clinical observation data collection in the preoperative context and deductive thematic analysis Findings: The nurse anesthetists comfort measures in the preoperative phase in the operating room department aim to ensure the patients needs of relief, ease and transcendence in the physical, psycho-spiritual, environmental and socio-cultural contexts Conclusions: The application of the Comfort Theory to daily work in the preoperative phase is of value for the nurse anesthetist in becoming more aware of the individual holistic needs of the patient and in this way adapting and initiating comfort measures and interventions.

  • 102.
    Berntsen, Sveinung
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden; University of Agder, Norway.
    Aaronson, Neil K.
    Netherlands Cancer Institute, Netherlands.
    Buffart, Laurien
    Vrije University of Amsterdam Medical Centre, Netherlands; Vrije University of Amsterdam Medical Centre, Netherlands.
    Börjeson, Sussanne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Hellbom, Maria
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Hojman, Pernille
    Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    Igelstrom, Helena
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Pingel, Ronnie
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Raastad, Truls
    Norwegian School Sport Science, Norway.
    Velikova, Galina
    University of Leeds, England.
    Asenlof, Pernilla
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Nordin, Karin
    Uppsala University, Sweden; University of Agder, Norway.
    Design of a randomized controlled trial of physical training and cancer ( Phys-Can) the impact of exercise intensity on cancer related fatigue, quality of life and disease outcome2017Ingår i: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 17, artikel-id 218Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer-related fatigue is a common problem in persons with cancer, influencing health-related quality of life and causing a considerable challenge to society. Current evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical exercise in reducing fatigue, but the results across studies are not consistent, especially in terms of exercise intensity. It is also unclear whether use of behaviour change techniques can further increase exercise adherence and maintain physical activity behaviour. This study will investigate whether exercise intensity affects fatigue and health related quality of life in persons undergoing adjuvant cancer treatment. In addition, to examine effects of exercise intensity on mood disturbance, adherence to oncological treatment, adverse effects from treatment, activities of daily living after treatment completion and return to work, and behaviour change techniques effect on exercise adherence. We will also investigate whether exercise intensity influences inflammatory markers and cytokines, and whether gene expressions following training serve as mediators for the effects of exercise on fatigue and health related quality of life. Methods/design: Six hundred newly diagnosed persons with breast, colorectal or prostate cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy will be randomized in a 2 x 2 factorial design to following conditions; A) individually tailored low-to-moderate intensity exercise with or without behaviour change techniques or B) individually tailored high intensity exercise with or without behaviour change techniques. The training consists of both resistance and endurance exercise sessions under the guidance of trained coaches. The primary outcomes, fatigue and health related quality of life, are measured by self-reports. Secondary outcomes include fitness, mood disturbance, adherence to the cancer treatment, adverse effects, return to activities of daily living after completed treatment, return to work as well as inflammatory markers, cytokines and gene expression. Discussion: The study will contribute to our understanding of the value of exercise and exercise intensity in reducing fatigue and improving health related quality of life and, potentially, clinical outcomes. The value of behaviour change techniques in terms of adherence to and maintenance of physical exercise behaviour in persons with cancer will be evaluated.

  • 103.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Developing qualitative methods - or "same old wine in a new bottle"2015Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, s. 27679-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 104.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Young women with breast cancer-using the healing tool: writing blogs2017Ingår i: Nursing & Palliative Care, ISSN 2397-9623, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 1-5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This qualitative study aims to interpret and describe how young women diagnosed with a breast cancer uses blogs to manage daily life.

    Methods: 14 blogs written by women diagnosed with breast cancer aged between 25 and 38 years. These blogs were analysed using qualitative thematic analysis.

    Results: Four themes were identified in the data body illustrating what the women were writing about in their blogs: Experiencing frustration, The fear is bigger than death, Preparing for physical changes, Body and mind are in disharmony. These four themes ended up in a concluding theme: The healing effect of writing a blog.

    Conclusion: The young women used writing blogs as a healing activity. The writing was a channel for emotions and thoughts, but was also a way of sharing experiences and supporting each other. Their narratives revealed the impact of breast cancer experiences on their personal, familial and social lives. Reading blogs is an activity that could allow healthcare professionals to better understand these women’s life situation and needs.

    Implications for practice: Blogs could become a useful tool for healthcare professionals, relatives, patients and the people around them. By reading blogs, not necessarily commenting on or writing them, there will be a better and deeper understanding about the effects of a cancer diagnosis. Using blogs could facilitate the provision of requested and needed health care activities.

  • 105.
    Berterö, Carina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Grundström, Hanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Norrköping.
    The double-edged experience of healthcare encounters among women with endometriosis: a qualitative study2018Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, nr 1-2, s. 205-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    To identify and describe the experience of healthcare encounters among women with endometriosis.

    Background

    Endometriosis is a “hidden” chronic gynaecological disease appearing in every 10th woman of fertile age. Different manifestations of pain are the main symptoms, often leading to impaired physical and mental health, and lower quality of life. Previous research on healthcare experiences among women with endometriosis has focused on diagnostic delay and experiences of encountering general practitioners.

    Design

    A qualitative, interpretive, phenomenological approach was used.

    Methods

    We interviewed nine women aged 23–55, with a laparoscopy-confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed following the steps of the interpretive phenomenological approach.

    Results

    Two themes were identified in the interview transcripts: being treated with ignorance and being acknowledged. The essence: “the double-edged experience of healthcare encounters” emerged from the themes. The women's experience was double-edged as it involved contradictory feelings: the encounters were experienced as both destructive or constructive. On the one hand, the destructive side was characterised by ignorance, exposure and disbelief. On the other hand, the constructive side made the women feel acknowledged and confirmed, boosting their self-esteem.

    Conclusions

    The new and important aspects of the findings are that the experience of healthcare encounters is for the first time expressed as double-edged: both destructive and constructive. The experience was of specific importance as it affected the women's perceptions of themselves and of their bodies.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    The information about the constructive side of the experience is of clinical valuable for all healthcare professionals (nurses, midwives and doctors) encountering these women, as it provides a new level of understanding of the experiences. The findings demonstrate both psychological and practical aspects that can help professionals to improve the encounters.

  • 106.
    Birkebaek, Niels H.
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Hermann, Julia M.
    Univ Ulm, Germany; German Ctr Diabet Res, Germany.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Charalampopoulos, Dimitrios
    UCL, England.
    Holl, Reinhard W.
    Univ Ulm, Germany; German Ctr Diabet Res, Germany.
    Skrivarhaug, Torild
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Åkesson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Ryhov Cty Hosp, Sweden.
    Warner, Justin T.
    Childrens Hosp Wales, Wales.
    Drivvoll, Ann K.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Svensson, Ann-Marie
    Reg Vastra Gotaland, Sweden.
    Stephenson, Terence
    UCL, England.
    Hofer, Sabine E.
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Austria.
    Fredheim, Siri
    Herlev Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Kummernes, Siv J.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Amin, Rakesh
    UCL, England.
    Rami-Merhar, Birgit
    Med Univ Vienna, Austria.
    Johansen, Anders
    Rigshosp, Denmark.
    Kapellen, Thomas M.
    Univ Childrens Hosp Leipzig, Germany.
    Hilgard, Doerte
    Pediat Diabetol Practice, Germany.
    Dahl-Jorgensen, Knut
    Univ Oslo, Norway; Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Froehlich-Reiterer, Elke
    Med Univ Graz, Austria.
    Fritsch, Maria
    Med Univ Vienna, Austria.
    Hanas, Ragnar
    NU Hosp Grp, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Jannet
    Herlev Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Letter: Center Size and Glycemic Control: An International Study With 504 Centers From Seven Countries in DIABETES CARE, vol 42, issue 3, pp E37-E392019Ingår i: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. E37-E39Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 107.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Specialistsjuksköterska med inriktning mot kirurgisk vård2014Ingår i: Att bli specialistsjuksköterska eller barnmorska: utbildningar för framtiden / [ed] Lena Nordgren, Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2014, 1, s. 107-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Behovet av specialistutbildade sjuksköterskor ökar. I den här boken presenteras tolv utbildningar som leder till en examen som specialistsjuksköterska eller barnmorska. Vidare ger boken en inblick i vad de olika yrkena innebär. Boken presenterar arbetsplatser och karriärvägar och ger också konkreta exempel på vad specialistsjuksköterskor eller barnmorskor kan komma att möta en vanlig dag på jobbet. Därutöver presenteras Högskoleverkets examensmål för respektive inriktning samt länkar till fastställda kompetensbeskrivningar.

    Boken, som är skriven av sjuksköterskor med mångårig klinisk erfarenhet från olika specialistområden, riktar sig i första hand till grundutbildade sjuksköterskor som funderar på att fortbilda sig och erbjuder en inblick i såväl utbildning som yrke.

    De utbildningar som finns beskrivna är: Ambulanssjukvård, Anestesisjukvård, Barn och ungdom, Barnmorska, Distrikt, Intensivvård, Onkologisk vård, Kirurgisk vård, Medicinsk vård, Operationssjukvård, Psykiatrisk vård samt Vård av äldre.

  • 108.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Andersson, T.
    Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    High frequency TENS as a complement for pain relief in postoperative transition from epidural to general analgesia after pancreatic resection2014Ingår i: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, ISSN 1744-3881, E-ISSN 1873-6947, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 5-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study investigated the effect of high frequency transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) as a pain relieving complementary therapy at the transition from epidural (EDA) to general analgesia after pancreatic surgery by horizontal, abdominal incision. Method: Fifty-five consecutive patients undergoing pancreatic resection were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to active or sham TENS treatment. Twenty subjects were included in the analysis. Pain, quality of recovery and additional analgesia consumption were measured during the 24hof transition from EDA to general analgesia. Results: Additional analgesic consumption and pain estimations at 24hafter EDA termination differed between the two groups, but was not statistically significant. Conclusion: This study did not find support to reject use of high frequency TENS as complement during transition from EDA to general analgesia after major abdominal surgery with horizontal incision.

  • 109.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Biorserud, Christina
    Institute Clin Science, Sweden.
    Fagevik Olsen, Monika
    Institute Clin Science, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Therapeutic ultrasound treatment for excessive skin on the upper arms due to extensive weight loss after bariatric surgery: A single blind, randomised, controlled trial2015Ingår i: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, ISSN 2000-656X, E-ISSN 2000-6764, Vol. 49, nr 6, s. 353-357Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Excessive skin is a side-effect of massive weight loss. The only evidence-based treatment for excessive skin is plastic surgery. Non-invasive treatments, therefore, need to be evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of therapeutic ultrasound treatment on excess skin on the upper arms after bariatric surgery. Method: Fourteen patients were randomised to receive five treatments, each lasting for 30 minutes with active ultrasound treatment by CellsonicTM (Cellsonic Ltd) on one arm. The other arm served as control. The effect was evaluated objectively by measuring arm volume, circumference, and ptosis, and subjectively by a questionnaire where the patients assessed the effect of the treatment and amount and/or discomfort of the excess skin. Result: No statistical differences were observed in the objectively measured variables. Some patients reported perceived effects and a majority reported positive experiences of the treatment. No side-effects were reported. Conclusion: This study could not find any objectively measured effect of ultrasound treatment on excessive skin after bariatric surgery. However, participants experienced relief of symptoms associated with excess skin, such as pain, looseness, and decreased skin burst, which indicates that ultrasonic treatment of patients with excessive skin should be further investigated.

  • 110.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Jildenstaal, Pether
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Jan
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Egardt, Madelene
    Sahlgrens University Hospital, Sweden.
    Fagevik Olsen, Monika
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Adjunct High Frequency Transcutaneous Electric Stimulation (TENS) for Postoperative Pain Management during Weaning from Epidural Analgesia Following Colon Surgery: Results from a Controlled Pilot Study2015Ingår i: Pain Management Nursing, ISSN 1524-9042, E-ISSN 1532-8635, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 944-950Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The potential benefit of nonpharmacological adjunctive therapy is not well-studied following major abdominal surgery. The aim of the present study was to investigate transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as a complementary nonpharmacological analgesia intervention during weaning from epidural analgesia (EDA) after open lower abdominal surgery. Patients were randomized to TENS and sham TENS during weaning from EDA. The effects on pain at rest, following short walk, and after deep breath were assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) grading. Number of patients assessed was lower than calculated because of change in clinical routine. Pain scores overall were low. A trend of lower pain scores was observed in the active TENS group of patients; a statistical significance between the groups was found for the pain lying prone in bed (p < .05). This controlled pilot study indicates benefits of TENS use in postoperative pain management during weaning from EDA after open colon surgery. Further studies are warranted in order to verify the potential beneficial effects from TENS during weaning from EDA after open, lower abdominal surgery. (C) 2015 by the American Society for Pain Management Nursing

  • 111.
    Boije, Karin
    et al.
    Vrinnevi Hosp, Sweden.
    Drocic, Amra
    Vrinnevi Hosp, Sweden.
    Engstrom, My
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patients Perceptions of Experiences of Recovering From Acute Pancreatitis An Interview Study2019Ingår i: Gastroenterology Nursing, ISSN 1042-895X, E-ISSN 1538-9766, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 233-241Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The incidence of registered admissions in inpatient care with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was 58 per 100,000 capita in Sweden during the year 2013. Although acute pancreatitis is a well-explored area, there is a demand for research from the patients perceptions. The aim of this study was to describe patients perceptions of recovering from acute pancreatitis. Data collection for this phenomenographical study included 16 individual semistructured interviews. Analysis was done according to the 7 steps suggested by Sjostrom and Dahlgren (2002). Recovery after acute pancreatitis was perceived within 5 categories; a time of physical suffering, an emotional journey, challenges to the usual life and its good qualities, barriers and need for social support, and healthcare as an important factor. Physical and emotional symptoms influence recovery after acute pancreatitis by challenging the good things and things that are taken for granted in everyday life. Promoting factors toward good recovery was a proper support from the social network as well as healthcare providers.

  • 112.
    Bojcic, Irma
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Tiderman, Pernilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad – en intervjustudie med specialistsjuksköterskor inom medicinsk vård2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: När hälso- och sjukvårdens kliniska arbete baseras på evidens medför det att vården blir mer patientsäker, mer kostnadseffektiv, behandlingsresultaten förbättras och patienternas livskvalitet ökar. Dagens sjukvård präglas dock av högt arbetstempo och hög arbetsbelastning vilket försvårar implementering av evidens. Specialistsjuksköterskor anses vara de som kan ta utökat ansvar för att utveckla den evidensbaserade omvårdnaden. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva specialistsjuksköterskors erfarenheter av implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad inom medicinsk vård. Design: Kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv och deskriptiv ansats genomfördes. Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med åtta specialistsjuksköterskor inom medicinsk vård om implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad utifrån specialistsjuksköterskans kompetens, ansvar, omgivning och möjligheter att öka implementering. Resultatet analyserades enligt Krippendorffs innehållsanalys. Resultat: Implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad inom medicinsk vård beskrivs genom fyra kategorier: Förväntningar, Attityd och engagemang, Implementering, en process samt Säker och trygg omvårdnad. Konklusion: Specialistsjuksköterskor inom medicinsk vård förväntas ha kompetens för implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad, de kan ta ansvar för att driva en implementering framåt men då behövs stöd från medarbetare och organisation. När evidensbaserad omvårdnad implementeras inom medicinsk vård kan det leda till ökad patientsäkerhet och ökad trygghet för sjuksköterskor. En förutsättning är dock att implementeringsprocessen ges tid och resurser och att den är relevant för vårdkontexten.

  • 113.
    Bolse, Kärstin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Healthcare professionals experiences of delivering care to patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator2013Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 346-352Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a technical device used in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. After an ICD implantation, the entire life situation of the patient their next of kin can be affected psychologically and socially. Healthcare professionals play a vital role in providing educational counselling, support and technical follow-up of the device, but little is known about their experiences. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAim: This paper describes the experiences of Swedish healthcare professionals in delivering care to patients with an ICD. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: A qualitative, descriptive design based on a phenomenographic approach was used. Data were collected through interviews with 12 specialist ICD nurses and 12 physicians, representing 16 ICD implantation centres in Sweden. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanFindings: Two descriptive categories comprising seven subcategories emerged. Striving to provide competent care comprised the subcategories: providing access to care, improving ones qualifications and individualising care. Striving to infuse confirmation incorporated the subcategories: promoting independence, providing existential support, mediating security and comprising needs of next of kin. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: The healthcare professionals described how they wished to develop the care further. Both nurses and physicians were consistent in wanting to provide competent and confirming care based on a holistic perspective with high accessibility to the ICD team. The findings describe how healthcare professionals strive to provide professional clinical care in order to give the patients tools to handle their life situation. They suggested that more structured education and counselling according to guidelines should be provided. They also highlighted the need to increase their own competence by improving their knowledge and skills.

  • 114.
    Boman, Erika
    et al.
    Aland University of Appl Science, Finland; University of Coll Southeast Norway, Norway.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Nygren, Bjoern
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Santamaki Fischer, Regina
    Umeå University, Sweden; Abo Akad University, Finland.
    Inner strength and its relationship to health threats in ageing-A cross-sectional study among community-dwelling older women2017Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 73, nr 11, s. 2720-2729Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore the relationship between inner strength and health threats among community-dwelling older women. Background: Inner strength is described as a resource that promotes experiences of health, despite adversities. Inner strength and its dimensions (i.e. connectedness, creativity, firmness and flexibility) can be assessed using the Inner Strength Scale (ISS). Exploring attributes of weaker inner strength may yield valuable information about areas to focus on in enhancing a persons inner strength and may ultimately lead to the perception of better health. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Methods: The study is based on responses from 1270 community-dwelling older women aged 65 years and older; these were collected in the year 2010 and describe the situation that still exists today for older women. The questionnaire included the ISS, background characteristics and explanatory variables known to be health threats in ageing. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Poorer mental health was related to weaker inner strength in total and in all the dimensions. Symptoms of depressive disorders and feeling lonely were related to three of the dimensions, except firmness and creativity respectively. Furthermore, poor physical health was associated with the dimensions firmness and flexibility. Other health threats were significantly related to only one of the dimensions, or not associated at all. Conclusion: Mental ill health has overall the strongest association with weaker inner strength. Longitudinal studies are recommended to confirm the results. However, the ISS does not only estimate inner strength but can also be a tool for discovering where (i.e. dimension) interventions may be most profitable.

  • 115.
    Brantelid, Ida Emilie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nilver, Helena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alehagen, Siw
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Menstruation during a lifespan: A qualitative study of women's experiences2014Ingår i: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 35, nr 6, s. 600-616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Menstruation is a natural phenomenon for women during their reproductive years. Our aim was to describe womens experiences of menstruation across the lifespan. Qualitative interviews with a narrative approach were conducted with 12 women between 18 and 48 years of age in Sweden. Using thematic analysis, we found menstruation to be a complex phenomenon that binds women together. It is perceived as an intimate and private matter, which makes women want to conceal the occurrence of menstrual bleeding. Over time, menstruation becomes a natural part of womens lives and gender identity. Health professionals play a central role supporting women to deal with menstruation.

  • 116.
    Bremer, Anders
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar/Växjö, Sweden; Division of Emergency Medical Services, Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Dahné, Tova
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Akademiska Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stureson, Lovisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar/Växjö, Sweden; The Research Section, Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Lived experiences of surviving in-hospital cardiac arrest2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 156-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors suffer from psychological distress and cognitive impairments. They experience existential insecurity and vulnerability and are striving to return to a life in which well-being and the meaning of life have partly changed. However, research highlighting the experiences of in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors is lacking. This means that evidence for postresuscitation care has largely been extrapolated from studies on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors, without considering potential group differences. Studies investigating survivors experiences of an in-hospital cardiac arrest are therefore needed.

  • 117.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Gardner, Benjamin
    University College London, UK.
    Johansson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Kardiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Ulander, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Klinisk neurofysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Arestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linnaeus University & Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Stockholm.
    Validation of the CPAP Habit Index-5: A Tool to Understand Adherence to CPAP Treatment in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.2014Ingår i: Sleep Disorders, ISSN 2090-3545, E-ISSN 2090-3553, Vol. 2014, s. 1-9, artikel-id 929057Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is low among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The potential role of "habit" in sustaining adherence to CPAP use has not been studied. This study aimed to establish the relevance of habit to CPAP adherence, via validation of an adaptation of the Self-Report Habit Index (the CPAP Habit Index-5; CHI-5). Analyses focused on the homogeneity, reliability, and factor structure of the CHI-5 and, in line with theoretical predictions, its utility as a predictor of long-term CPAP adherence in middle-aged patients with OSA. A prospective longitudinal design was used. 117 patients with objectively verified OSA intended for CPAP treatment were recruited. Data was collected via clinical examinations, respiratory recordings, questionnaires, and CPAP devices at baseline, 2 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. The CHI-5 showed satisfactory homogeneity interitem correlations (0.42-0.93), item-total correlations (0.58-0.91), and reliability ( α = 0.92). CHI-5 data at 6 months showed a one-factor solution and predicted 63% of variance in total CPAP use hours after 12 months. Based on the satisfactory measurement properties and the high amount of CPAP use variance it explained, the CHI-5 can be seen as a useful tool in clinical practice.

  • 118.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping.
    Ulander, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Klinisk Neurofysiologi.
    Harder, Lena
    Svanborg, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Klinisk Neurofysiologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US.
    Association of Type D personality to perceived side effects and adherence in CPAP-treated patients with OSAS2007Ingår i: Journal of Sleep Research, ISSN 0962-1105, E-ISSN 1365-2869, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 439-447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), but side effects are common and long-term adherence low. The Type D (distressed) personality is defined as a combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition. The association of Type D personality with adherence has not been studied in CPAP-treated patients with OSAS. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of Type D personality in OSAS patients with CPAP treatment longer than 6 months and the association with self-reported side effects and adherence. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. A total of 247 OSAS patients with a mean use of CPAP treatment for 55 months (6-182 months) were included. Data collection was achieved by two questionnaires, the Type D scale 14 (DS14) (Type D personality), SECI (side effects of CPAP), as well as from medical records (clinical variables and objective adherence to CPAP treatment). Type D personality occurred in 30% of the patients with OSAS and significantly (P < 0.05-0.001) increased the perceived frequency and severity of a broad range of side effects. The objective adherence was significantly lower (P < 0.001) for OSAS patients with Type D compared to OSAS patients without Type D, both with regard to a mean use of 4 h per night and 85% of the self-rated sleep time per night. The additional effect of a Type D personality on perceived side effects and adherence to CPAP treatment found in this study could be used by healthcare personnel when evaluating patients waiting for treatment. © 2007 European Sleep Research Society.

  • 119.
    Brännström, Margareta
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Umeå University, Skellefteå, Sweden .
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Lund University, Sweden; Skåne University Hospital, Sweden .
    Nilsson, Ulrica G.
    University of Örebro, Sweden .
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, Sweden .
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Sexual Knowledge in Patients With a Myocardial Infarction and Their Partners2014Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 332-339Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Sexual health and sexual activity are important elements of an individual's well-being. For couples, this topic is often affected after a myocardial infarction (MI). It has become increasingly clear that, after an MI, patients are insufficiently educated on how to resume normal sexual activity. However, sufficient data on the general knowledge that patients and partners have about sexual activity and MI are lacking.

    OBJECTIVE:

    The aims of this study were to explore and compare patients' and partners' sexual knowledge 1 month after a first MI and 1 year after the event and to compare whether the individual knowledge had changed over time. A second aim was to investigate whether patients and their partners report receiving information about sexual health and sexual activity from healthcare professionals during the first year after the event and how this information was perceived.

    SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

    This descriptive, comparative survey study enrolled participants from 13 Swedish hospitals in 2007-2009. A total of 115 patients with a first MI and their partners answered the Sex After MI Knowledge Test questionnaire 1 month after the MI and 1 year after the event. Correct responses generated a maximum score of 75.

    RESULTS:

    Only 41% of patients and 31% of partners stated that they had received information on sex and relationships at the 1 year follow-up. The patients scored 51 ± 10 on the Sex After MI Knowledge Test at inclusion into the study, compared with the 52 ± 10 score for the partners. At the 1-year follow-up, the patients' knowledge had significantly increased to a score of 55 ± 7, but the partners' knowledge did not significantly change (53 ± 10).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    First MI patients and their partners reported receiving limited information about sexual issues during the cardiac rehabilitation and had limited knowledge about sexual health and sexual activity.

  • 120.
    Buck, Harleah G.
    et al.
    Univ S Florida, FL 33620 USA.
    Bekelman, David
    Univ Colorado Denver Anschutz Med Campus, CO USA.
    Cameron, Jan
    Monash Univ, Australia.
    Chung, Misook
    Univ Kentucky, KY USA.
    Hooker, Stephanie
    Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, MN USA.
    Pucciarelli, Gianluca
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Riegel, Barbara
    Univ Penn, PA 19104 USA.
    Vellone, Ercole
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    A body of work, a missed opportunity: Dyadic research in older adults2019Ingår i: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 67, nr 4, s. 854-855Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 121.
    Buck, Harleah G.
    et al.
    Univ S Florida, FL 33612 USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Chung, Misook L.
    Univ Kentucky, KY USA.
    Donovan, Kristine A.
    Moffit Canc Ctr, FL USA.
    Harkness, Karen
    McMaster Univ, Canada.
    Howard, Allison M.
    Univ S Florida, FL USA.
    Perkiö Kato, Naoko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Polo, Randall
    Univ S Florida, FL USA.
    Evangelista, Lorraine S.
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    A systematic review of heart failure dyadic self-care interventions focusing on intervention components, contexts, and outcomes2018Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 77, s. 232-242Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Having support from an informal carer is important for heart failure patients. Carers have the potential to improve patient self-care. At the same time, it should be acknowledged that caregiving could affect the carer negatively and cause emotional reactions of burden and stress. Dyadic (patient and informal carer) heart failure self-care interventions seek to improve patient self-care such as adherence to medical treatment, exercise training, symptom monitoring and symptom management when needed. Currently, no systematic assessment of dyadic interventions has been conducted with a focus on describing components, examining physical and delivery contexts, or determining the effect on patient and/or carer outcomes. Objective: To examine the components, context, and outcomes of dyadic self-care interventions. Design: A systematic review registered in PROSPERO, following PRISMA guidelines with a narrative analysis and realist synthesis. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched using MeSH, EMTREE terms, keywords, and keyword phrases for the following concepts: dyadic, carers, heart failure and intervention. Eligible studies were original research, written in English, on dyadic self-care interventions in adult samples. Review methods: We used a two-tiered analytic approach including both completed studies with power to determine outcomes and ongoing studies including abstracts, small pilot studies and protocols to forecast future directions. Results: Eighteen papers - 12 unique, completed intervention studies (two quasi- and ten experimental trials) from 2000 to 2016 were reviewed. Intervention components fell into three groups education, support, and guidance. Interventions were implemented in 5 countries, across multiple settings of care, and involved 3 delivery modes face to face, telephone or technology based. Dyadic intervention effects on cognitive, behavioral, affective and health services utilization outcomes were found within studies. However, findings across studies were inconclusive as some studies reported positive and some non-sustaining outcomes on the same variables. All the included papers had methodological limitations including insufficient sample size, mixed intervention effects and counter-intuitive outcomes. Conclusions: We found that the evidence from dyadic interventions to promote heart failure self-care, while growing, is still very limited. Future research needs to involve advanced sample size justification, innovative solutions to increase and sustain behavior change, and use of mixed methods for capturing a more holistic picture of effects in clinical practice.

  • 122.
    Bulow, Pia
    et al.
    Avdelningen för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping .
    Persson Thunqvist, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Arbete och arbetsliv. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sandén, Inger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Delaktighet i och genom samtal inom vård, omsorg och socialt arbete2012Ingår i: Delaktighetens praktik: det professionella samtalets villkor och möjligheter / [ed] Pia Bülow, Daniel Persson Thunqvist & Inger Sandén, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 1, s. 7-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delaktighet och kommunikation är centrala ideal inom vård, omsorg och socialt arbete. Men vad innebär delaktighet i praktiken och hur kan teorier om delaktighet och professionella samtal förstås i olika praktiska sammanhang? Med utgångspunkt i svensk och internationell forskning ger den här boken en djupare inblick i villkor och möjligheter för professionella samtal. I ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv på kommunikation presenteras exempel från nya studier på vad delaktighet innebär inom en rad miljöer: nödsamtal, akut- och specialistsjukvård, äldreomsorg, biståndsbedömning, arbetsrelaterad rehabilitering och vårdutbildning. Boken passar väl för utbildningar till sjuksköterska, socionom, arbetsterapeut, sjukgymnast och läkare. I boken beskrivs även olika metoder för datainsamling och analys av data. Det innebär att boken med fördel kan knytas till metodundervisning och examensarbete på avancerad nivå.

  • 123.
    Bylund, Ami
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Ersta Hospital, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Thorell, Anders
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Ersta Hospital, Sweden.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Assessment of family functioning: evaluation of the General Functioning Scale in a Swedish Bariatric Sample2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 614-622Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundThe General Functioning Scale (GFS) was developed to assess self-perceived overall family functioning. The scale has satisfactory psychometric properties, is internationally recognised and has been used in different contexts. However, no validated Swedish version is available. Healthy family functioning can support patients and help them adhere to treatment regimens. Moreover, it maintains the physical and emotional health and that of the family as a unit. Yet, there is limited information regarding family functioning postgastric bypass surgery. Thus, it is important to use validated instruments to understand family functioning in bariatric contexts. AimTo evaluate aspects of reliability and validity in GFS in a Swedish bariatric sample, focusing on factor structure. MethodThe Swedish version of the GFS (S-GFS) was administered on two occasions to 163 participants who had undergone gastric bypass surgery 6-8 weeks prior to testing. Internal consistency, temporal stability and construct validity were assessed. ResultsData were positively skewed. The S-GFS showed good internal consistency (ordinal = 0.92) with a sufficient overall mean interitem correlation (0.500) and adequate temporal stability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.833). After modifying response alternatives, confirmatory factor analysis indicated acceptable fit for a one-factor model. ConclusionThe scale is a promising tool for assessing family functioning in bariatric settings. The S-GFS showed satisfactory reliability - consistent with prior research - and acceptable validity in the study sample. This study contributes to the limited research on the scales validity. However, the S-GFS needs to be evaluated in different cultural and clinical contexts, focusing on various aspects of validity and responsiveness (sensitivity to detect significant change over time) in different samples.

  • 124. Bäckman, C
    et al.
    Ahlberg, M
    Jones, C
    Walther, S
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Magtarmmedicinska kliniken.
    Group Communication during recovery after intensive care2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 125. Bäckman, C
    et al.
    Ahlberg, M
    Jones, C
    Walther, S
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Magtarmmedicinska kliniken. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Group conversations after a long stay in the intensive care2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 126.
    Bäckman, Carl
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ahlberg, M
    Jones, C
    Walther, Sten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Magtarmmedicinska kliniken.
    Group conversations after a long stay in the intensive care2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 127.
    Cacciata, Marysol
    et al.
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Lee, Jung-Ah
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Sorkin, Dara
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA USA.
    Lombardo, Dawn
    Univ Calif Irvine Hlth, CA USA.
    Clancy, Steve
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA USA.
    Nyamathi, Adeline
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Evangelist, Lorraine S.
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Effect of exergaming on health-related quality of life in older adults: A systematic review2019Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 93, s. 30-40Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Exercise through video or virtual reality games (i.e. exergames) has grown in popularity among older adults; however, there is limited evidence on efficacy of exergaming on well-being related to health in this population. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of exergaming on health related quality of life in older adults. Methods: PRISMA guidelines for this systematic review. Several databases were searched using keywords to identify peer-reviewed journal articles in English. Randomized control trials that evaluated the effect of exergaming on health-related quality of life in older adults when compared to a control group and published between January 2007 to May 2017 were included. Results: Nine articles that in total included 614 older adults with varying levels of disability, mean age 73.6 + 7.9 years old, and 67% female were analyzed. Significant improvements in health-related quality of life of older adults engaged in exergaming were reported in three studies. Sample sizes were small in 7 of the studies (N amp;lt; 60). The study participants, exergaming platforms, health-related quality of life instruments, study settings and length, duration and frequency of exergaming varied across studies. Conclusion: Exergaming is a new emerging form of exercise that is popular among older adults. However, findings from this analysis were not strong enough to warrant recommendation due to the small sample sizes and heterogeneity in the study participants, exergaming platforms, health-related quality of life instruments, length, duration and frequency of the intervention and study settings. Further research is needed with larger sample sizes and less heterogeneity to adequately explore the true effects of exergaming on health-related quality of life of older adults. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 128.
    Carlsson, Noomi
    et al.
    Reg Execut Off, Sweden.
    Johansson, AnnaKarin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Adapting healthcare services to a more intense way of tobacco prevention in child health care: A comparison between active and passive spreading2019Ingår i: International Journal of Healthcare Management, ISSN 2047-9700, E-ISSN 2047-9719Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Child health care has an important role to help parents minimize childrens exposure to tobacco smoke. An instrument has together with other supporting routines for staff, been implemented in different ways. The aim was to compare the effectiveness of two implementation strategies, to analyze passive spreading to colleagues and the sustainability to the methods. All CHC nurses in two counties in South East of Sweden were sent a questionnaire about their tobacco preventive work among parents. Three groups of nurses were compared. One group had taken part in a pilot study comprising extensive support and lectures, one group got a lecture at one occasion and further support via mail, and one group got no support or lecture but heard about the project from colleagues. Included in the study was 63%. Nurses in the pilot study still used most of the strategies included. Few nurses who had participated in the less extensive implementation knew about or used the instrument. More nurses who had heard about the project from colleagues knew about and used the strategies. The results indicate that according to the implementation of new routines in health care, more comprehensive methods are needed to change working routines and get sustainable effect.

  • 129.
    Carlström Ödegaard, Anja
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nilsson, Tim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Differenser av kroppstemperaturen hos patienten i samband med anestesi och operation2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kroppstemperaturen skall mätas under de flesta generella anestesier föratt upptäcka hypotermi och hypertermi. Vid anestesi sjunker kroppstemperaturen.Peroperativ hypotermi har negativa konsekvenser för patienten.Anestesisjuksköterskan ansvarar för att övervaka patientens temperatur underanestesi.

    Syftet med studien var att utifrån litteraturen evaluera temperaturskillnaderperoperativt vid mätning av kroppstemperaturen på olika mätplatser hos patienten.

    Metod: Studien är en litteraturstudie med systematisk ansats. Artikelsökningarutfördes i PubMed, Cinahl och Scopus. Temperaturskillnaderna redovisas sommedelvärde, gräns för överensstämmelse ±1,96 SD och 95 % konfidensintervall.

    Resultat: Efter kvalitetsgranskning inkluderades 23 artiklar. Resultatet är indelat itre kategorier: Temperatur vid bukkirurgi, temperatur vid kardiopulmonell bypasssamt temperatur vid övrig kirurgi. Alla studier, förutom en som utfördes iepiduralanestesi, utfördes i generell anestesi. Antal mätplatser i studierna var 18stycken. Det fanns temperaturskillnader mellan mätplatserna. De störstatemperaturskillnaderna sågs vid kardiopulmonell bypass.

    Konklusion: Att vara kritisk vid temperaturmätning vid anestesi är viktigt dåmätplatsernas temperaturer kan variera mycket. Att mäta patientenskroppstemperatur peroperativt är av vikt för att upptäcka hypotermi respektivehypertermi, som båda har negativa konsekvenser och kan innebära ett stort lidandeför patienten. Temperaturmätning bör få större fokus inom anestesin och därmed kanpatientsäkerheten ökas vid anestesi.

  • 130.
    Charalampopoulos, Dimitrios
    et al.
    UCL, England.
    Hermann, Julia M.
    Ulm Univ, Germany; German Ctr Diabet Res DZD, Germany.
    Svensson, Jannet
    Herlev Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Skrivarhaug, Torild
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Maahs, David M.
    Stanford Univ, CA 94305 USA.
    Åkesson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Warner, Justin T.
    Childrens Hosp Wales, Wales.
    Holl, Reinhard W.
    Ulm Univ, Germany; German Ctr Diabet Res DZD, Germany.
    Birkebaek, Niels H.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Drivvoll, Ann K.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Miller, Kellee M.
    Jaeb Ctr Hlth Res, FL USA.
    Svensson, Ann-Marie
    Ctr Registers Reg Vastra Gotaland, Sweden.
    Stephenson, Terence
    University College London, London, U.K..
    Hofer, Sabine E.
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Austria.
    Fredheim, Siri
    Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.
    Kummernes, Siv J.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Foster, Nicole
    Jaeb Ctr Hlth Res, FL USA.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, H.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhus.
    Amin, Rakesh
    UCL, England.
    Rami-Merhar, Birgit
    Med Univ Vienna, Austria.
    Johansen, Anders
    Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Dahl-Jorgensen, Knut
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway; Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Clements, Mark
    Childrens Mercy Hosp, MO 64108 USA; Univ Missouri Kansas City, MO USA; Univ Kansas, KS 66103 USA.
    Hanas, Ragnar
    NU Hosp Grp, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Exploring Variation in Glycemic Control Across and Within Eight High-Income Countries: A Cross-sectional Analysis of 64,666 Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes2018Ingår i: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1180-1187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE International studies on childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) have focused on whole-country mean HbA(1c) levels, thereby concealing potential variations within countries. We aimed to explore the variations in HbA(1c) across and within eight high-income countries to best inform international benchmarking and policy recommendations. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data were collected between 2013 and 2014 from 64,666 children with T1D who were amp;lt; 18 years of age across 528 centers in Germany, Austria, England, Wales, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. We used fixed-and random-effects models adjusted for age, sex, diabetes duration, and minority status to describe differences between center means and to calculate the proportion of total variation in HbA(1c) levels that is attributable to between-center differences (intraclass correlation [ICC]). We also explored the association between within-center variation and childrens glycemic control. RESULTS Sweden had the lowest mean HbA(1c) (59mmol/mol [7.6%]) and together with Norway and Denmark showed the lowest between-center variations (ICC amp;lt;= 4%). Germany and Austria had the next lowest mean HbA(1c) (61-62 mmol/mol [7.7-7.8%]) but showed the largest center variations (ICC similar to 15%). Centers in England, Wales, and the U.S. showed low-to-moderate variation around high mean values. In pooled analysis, differences between counties remained significant after adjustment for children characteristics and center effects (P value amp;lt; 0.001). Across all countries, children attending centers with more variable glycemic results had higher HbA(1c) levels (5.6mmol/mol [0.5%] per 5mmol/mol [0.5%] increase in center SD of HbA(1c) values of all children attending a specific center). CONCLUSIONS A tsimilar average levels of HbA(1c), countries display different levels of center variation. The distribution of glycemic achievement within countries should be considered in developing informed policies that drive quality improvement.

  • 131.
    Charitakis, Emmanouil
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Barmano, Neshro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Walfridsson, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Walfridsson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Factors Predicting Arrhythmia-Related Symptoms and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Referred for Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation: An Observational Study (the SMURF Study)2017Ingår i: JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, ISSN 2405-500X, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 9s. 497-502Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conclusions Anxiety, depression, and low-grade inflammation were the factors that predicted both arrhythmia-related symptoms and HRQoL in patients with AF. Obesity was the most significant predictor of patient general physical status. These factors need to be addressed in patients with AF to improve management of their disease. Intensive risk factor modification can be of great importance. (Reasons for Variations in Health Related Quality of Life and Symptom Burden in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation [SMURF]; NCT01553045)

  • 132.
    Charitakis, Emmanouil
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Papageorgiou, Joanna-Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Walfridsson, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Carlhäll, Carljohan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Echocardiographic and Biochemical Factors Predicting Arrhythmia Recurrence After Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation-An Observational Study2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 10, artikel-id 1215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: RFA is a well-established treatment for symptomatic patients with AF. However, the success rate of a single procedure is low. We aimed to investigate the association between the risk of recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after a single radiofrequency ablation (RFA) procedure and cardiac neurohormonal function, left atrial (LA) mechanical function as well as proteins related to inflammation, fibrosis, and apoptosis. Methods and Results: We studied 189 patients undergoing RFA between January 2012 and April 2014, with a follow-up period of 12 months. A logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between pre-ablation LA emptying fraction (LAEF), MR-proANP, Caspase-8 (CASP8), Neurotrophin-3 (NT3), and the risk for recurrence of AF after a single RFA procedure. 119 (63.0%) patients had a recurrence during a mean follow-up of 402 +/- 73 days. An increased risk of recurrence was associated with: Elevated MR-proANP (fourth quartile vs. first quartile: HR, 2.80 (95% CI, 1.14-6.90]; P = 0.025); Low LAEF (fourth quartile vs. first quartile: hazard ratio [HR], 2.41 [95% CI, 1.01-5.79]; P = 0.045); Elevated CASP8 (fourth quartile vs. first quartile: HR 12.198 95% CI 2.216-67.129; P = 0.004); Elevated NT-3 (fourth quartile vs. first quartile: HR 7.485 95% CI 1.353-41.402; P = 0.021). In a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the combination of MR-proANP, CASP8, and NT3 produced an area under the curve of 0.819; CI 95% (0.710-0.928). Conclusions: Patients with better LA mechanical function and lower levels of atrial neurohormones as well as of proteins related to fibrosis and apoptosis, have a better outcome after an RFA procedure.

  • 133.
    Charitakis, Emmanouil
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Walfridsson, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Nyström, Fredrik H
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska kliniken.
    Nylander, Eva
    Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Alehagen, Urban
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Walfridsson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Symptom burden, Metabolic profile, Ultrasound findings, Rhythm, neurohormonal activation, haemodynamics and health-related quality of life in patients with atrial Fibrillation (SMURF): a protocol for an observational study with a randomised interventional component2015Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, nr 12, artikel-id e008723Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with an estimated prevalence of 1.5-2%. It is an independent risk factor for ischaemic stroke and is estimated to cause about 20-25% of all stroke cases. AF has a great impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, one unresolved issue related to AF is the wide variation in its symptoms.

    METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The symptom burden, metabolic profile, ultrasound findings, rhythm, neurohormonal activation, haemodynamics and HRQoL in patients with AF (Symptom burden, Metabolic profile, Ultrasound findings, Rhythm, neurohormonal activation, haemodynamics and health-related quality of life in patients with atrial Fibrillation, SMURF) study is a prospective observational, cohort study, with a randomised interventional part. The aim of the study is to investigate, in patients with AF, the relationship between symptom burden and metabolic aspects, atrial function and different neurohormones, and the effect of radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The interventional part of the study will give an insight into the neurohormonal and intracardiac pressure changes directly after initiation of AF. Consecutive patients with symptomatic AF accepted for treatment with RFA for the first time at Linköping University Hospital are eligible for participation. The enrolment started in January 2012, and a total of 200 patients are to be included into the study, with 45 of them being enrolled into the interventional study with initiation of AF. The sample size of the interventional study is based on a small pilot study with 5 patients induced to AF while 2 served as controls. The results indicated that, in order to find a statistically significant difference, there was a need to include 28 patients; for safety reasons, 45 patients will be included.

    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The SMURF study is approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden. The results will be presented through peer-review journals and conference presentation.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01553045; Pre-results.

  • 134.
    Chiala, Oronzo
    et al.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    Vellone, Ercole
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    Klompstra, Leonie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ortali, Giorgio Alberto
    Casa Cura Villa della Querce Nemi, Italy.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MEASURES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH HEART FAILURE2019Ingår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 51, nr 8, s. 607-615Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To describe the relationships among 3 measures of physical fitness (exercise capacity, muscle function and functional capacity) in patients with heart failure, and to determine whether these measures are influenced by impairment of movement. Methods: Secondary analysis of baseline data from the Italian subsample (n= 96) of patients with heart failure enrolled in a randomized controlled trial, the HF-Wii study. Exercise capacity was measured with the 6-min walk test, muscle function was measured with the unilateral isotonic heel-lift, bilateral isometric shoulder abduction and unilateral isotonic shoulder flexion, and functional capacity was measured with the Duke Activity Status Index. Principal component analysis was used to detect covariance of the data. Results: Exercise capacity correlated with all of the tests related to muscle function (r=0.691-0.423, pamp;lt; 0.001) and functional capacity (r = 0.531). Moreover, functional capacity correlated with muscle function (r=0.482-0.393). Principal component analysis revealed the bidimensional structure of these 3 measures, thus accounting for 58% of the total variance in the variables measured. Conclusion: Despite the correlations among exercise capacity, muscle function and functional capacity, these measures loaded on 2 different factors. The use of a wider range of tests will help clinicians to perform a more tailored assessment of physical fitness, especially in those patients with heart failure who have impairment of movement.

  • 135.
    Chiala, Oronzo
    et al.
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    Vellone, Ercole
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Italy.
    Klompstra, Leonie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ortali, Giorgio Alberto
    Cardiopulm Rehabil Casa Cura Villa Querce Nemi, Italy.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US. Univ Calif Irvine, CA USA.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Australian Catholic Univ, Australia.
    Relationships between exercise capacity and anxiety, depression, and cognition in patients with heart failure2018Ingår i: Heart & Lung, ISSN 0147-9563, E-ISSN 1527-3288, Vol. 47, nr 5, s. 465-470Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Symptoms of anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment are common in heart failure (HF) patients, but there are inconsistencies in the literature regarding their relationship and effects on exercise capacity. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between exercise capacity and anxiety, depression, and cognition in HF patients. Methods: This was a secondary analysis on the baseline data of the Italian subsample (n = 96) of HF patients enrolled in the HF-Wii study. Data was collected with the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment. Results: The HF patients walked an average of 222 (SD 114) meters on the 6MWT. Patients exhibited clinically elevated anxiety (48%), depression (49%), and severe cognitive impairment (48%). Depression was independently associated with the distance walked on the 6MWT. Conclusions: The results of this study reinforced the role of depression in relation to exercise capacity and call for considering strategies to reduce depressive symptoms to improve outcomes of HF patients. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 136.
    Claesson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Larsson, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Steen, Linda
    Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Alehagen, Siw
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    You just need to leave the room when you breastfeed: Breastfeeding experiences among obese women in Sweden – A qualitative study2018Ingår i: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The benefits of breastfeeding for the infant as well for the mother are well-known. It is recognized that obese (Body Mass Index ≥30 kg/m2) women may have less antenatal intention to breastfeed, and shortened duration of breastfeeding compared with normal-weight women. This may result in adverse short- and long-term health for both mother and child, such as a shortened lactational amenorrhoea and decreased protection against breast cancer for the women, and an increased risk for infectious diseases and overweight/obesity among the children. Therefore, it is important to gain more knowledge and understanding of obese women’s experiences of breastfeeding in order to attain good health care. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify and describe obese women’s experiences of breastfeeding.

    Methods

    This is an explorative study. Data was collected 2 – 18 months after childbirth through semi-structured face-to-face interviews with 11 obese women with breastfeeding experience. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was used.

    Results

    Three themes emerged from the data analysis: Breastfeeding - a part of motherhood, the challenges of breastfeeding, and support for breastfeeding. The women described an antenatal hope for breastfeeding, the body’s ability to produce milk fascinated them, and the breast milk was seen as the best way to feed the child and also as promoting the attachment between mother and child. Breastfeeding was described as a challenge even though it is natural. The challenges concerned technical difficulties such as the woman finding a good body position and helping the child to achieve an optimum grip of the nipple. Another challenge was the exposure of the body connected to public breastfeeding. Support of breastfeeding was described as the importance of being confirmed as an individual behind the obesity, rather than an individual with obesity, and to obtain enough professional breastfeeding support.

    Conclusions

    Breastfeeding was experienced as a natural part of being a mother. There were practical challenges for obese women concerning how to manage breastfeeding and how to handle the public exposure of the body. There was a need for realistic information about breastfeeding concerning both the child and the woman.

  • 137.
    Clark-Snow, Rebecca A.
    et al.
    Univ Kansas, KS 66205 USA.
    Vidall, Cheryl
    Alcura UK Ltd, England.
    Börjeson, Sussanne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Jahn, Patrick
    Univ Hosp Halle, Germany.
    Fixed Combination Antiemetic A literature review on prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting using netupitant/palonosetron2018Ingår i: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1092-1095, E-ISSN 1538-067X, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. E52-E63Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can be improved with guideline-consistent use of antiemetics. However, adherence to antiemetic guidelines remains often insufficient. Therefore, new strategies that improve adherence are needed. OBJECTIVES: To review the latest antiemetic guideline recommendations and provide an update on the use of NEPA, a fixed combination antiemetic composed of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (RA) netupitant and the 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 RA palonosetron (Akynzeo (R)). METHODS: Analysis of the literature was performed, including guidelines, published literature, congress data on NEPA, and relevant articles on CINV. FINDINGS: Nurses are in a unique position to promote guideline-consistent antiemetic prophylaxis and are central in the education of patients and caregivers. Thus, nurses continuous education on antiemetic treatments is key for the prevention and management of CINV. NEPA offers a simplified antiemetic therapy with the potential to increase guideline adherence.

  • 138.
    Cleveson, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Kolbrink, Jennie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Effekter av multiprofessionellt teamarbete vid behandling av övervikt och fetma hos barn2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma hos barn och ungdomar är ett av de snabbast växande hoten mot folkhälsan, då det leder till allvarliga fysiska och psykosociala konsekvenser samt risk för förtidig död. Det är ett komplext problem och det krävs fler professioner för att barnet ska få adekvat behandling.

    Syfte: Att beskriva effekter av multiprofessionellt teamarbete vid behandling av övervikt och fetma hos barn.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes och arbetet utfördes systematiskt.

    Resultat: De flesta interventioner som utfördes av ett multiprofessionellt team - oavsett teamets sammansättning samt interventionens utformning, intensitet och längd - hade positiv effekt på vissa mått till att börja med. Efter en tid avtog effekten på flera mått. Effekten på Body Mass Index Standard Deviation Score (BMI-SDS) kvarstod dock i upp till ett år efter att interventionen avslutats i samtliga studier. I en av studierna, med kort intervention och uppföljning, var den positiva effekten på BMI-SDS bestående i fem år efter avslutad intervention. Det multiprofessionella teamets interventioner hade positiv effekt på välbefinnande och hälsorelaterad livskvalitet även vid utebliven effekt på antropometriska mått.

    Slutsats: För adekvat behandling av övervikt och fetma hos barn krävs tidig intervention av ett multiprofessionellt team inklusive föräldramedverkan samt regelbunden uppföljning under fem år.

  • 139.
    da Costa vargens, Octavio
    et al.
    Rio de Janeiro.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Living with breast cancer: Its effect on the life situation and the close relationship of women in Brazil2007Ingår i: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 30, nr 6, s. 471-478Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer induces adverse effects. In this interpretive phenomenological study, 11 Brazilian women diagnosed and treated for breast cancer were interviewed. Data included audiotaped interviews where the women's lived experiences were articulated. Data were interpreted through Heidegger's existential phenomenology. Themes that were found were interrelated and presented the essential structure of the essence the women were living-living side by side with the phantom of death. The 4 themes that were interpreted and identified were as follows: gaining a positive attitude for life, wanting to be recognized as a woman with certain needs, considering body image/self-image, and making efforts to hide. The findings of the study point out the importance of the fact that illness elicits more than fitting the body into traditional community expectations or surrendering the body to professional medicine. Even with all the deep changes in their lives and changed life priorities, the women want to carry on and live the best life they could. To put this idea in the front line makes the difference for the transition of these women. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

  • 140.
    Dahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska kliniken.
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Björkquist, Eva
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska kliniken.
    Perception of quality of care in patients with pituitary disorders2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In order to support patients with lifelong chronic illness, such as pituitary disorders, it is a challenge to continuously offer high quality of care.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine how patients with pituitary disorders of different causes perceive quality of care in contact with a specialized endocrinology reception.

    Methods and materials: Randomly selected, patients with chronic pituitary disorders (n=100) were asked to participate. Seventy-seven patients (females, n=44), 22–82 years of age responded and participated in the study. The questionnaire Quality from the Patient’s Perspective (QPP; modified short version) was used to measure patient’s perception of quality of care (considered from four dimensions: physical- technical, medical-technical, identity- orientation and socio-cultural atmosphere). Each question was calculated using an action index of each investigated area. Impaired quality of care in specific dimensions above 15% indicates need of improvement. In addition two open-ended questions were asked.

    Results: Most of the respondents, 97%, expressed that necessary physical-technical equipment was available while in the medical-technical dimension 26% reported impaired quality of care. In the identity-orientation dimension, impaired quality of care was reported by 25% mainly due to non-participation in care- and treatment decisions as well as concerning information about results of treatments and self-care activities. In the socio-cultural dimension impaired quality of care was reported in 25%. In addition, the patients asked for extended telephone receptions at the clinic and improved information about pituitary disorders.

    Conclusion: The patients were satisfied with the technical part of the medical care, but less satisfied with participation in care decisions and information about self-care. In our setting improvements are needed regarding patient information and access to care.

  • 141.
    Dalteg, Tomas
    et al.
    Jonköping University, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Malm, Dan
    Jonköping University, Sweden; County Hospital Ryhov, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Associations of Emotional Distress and Perceived Health in Persons With Atrial Fibrillation and Their Partners Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model2016Ingår i: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 368-391Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual behavior affects and is affected by other people. The aim of this study was to examine if emotional distress in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and their spouses was associated with their own and their partners perceived health. Participants included 91 dyads of patients and their spouses. Emotional distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and perceived health was measured with the Short Form 36 Health Survey. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model was used for dyad-level analyses of associations, using structural equation modeling. Higher levels of anxiety and depression were associated with lower levels of perceived health in patients and spouses. Higher levels of depression in patients were associated with lower levels of vitality in spouses and vice versa. As AF patients and their spouses influence each other, health-care interventions should consider the dyad to address dyadic dynamics. This may benefit the health of the individual patient and of the couple.

  • 142.
    Dielenseger, Pascale
    et al.
    Gustave Roussy, France.
    Börjeson, Sussanne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Vidall, Cheryl
    Alcura UK Ltd, England.
    Young, Annie
    Univ Hosp Coventry and Warwickshire, England.
    Jahn, Patrick
    Univ Hosp Halle Saale, Germany.
    Evaluation of antiemetic practices for prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV): results of a European oncology nurse survey2019Ingår i: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 27, nr 11, s. 4099-4106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Preventing CINV is possible when guideline-recommended antiemetics are used. Because oncology nurses play a critical role in risk assessment and management of CINV, a survey of European nurses was conducted to evaluate antiemetic practices, assess awareness of and adherence to current guideline recommendations, and explore barriers to adherence. Methods From March 2016 to Feb 2017, 212 oncology nurses in 16 European countries completed a 20-question online survey. Results Respondents had 15-year (median) oncology nursing experience, and most (75%) were able to suggest or prescribe antiemetics. Most (80%) worked in the public not-for-profit hospital setting. Guideline awareness was generally low with nurses most familiar with ASCO (46%) and MASCC/ESMO (40%) guidelines; individual institution guidelines were most commonly used (47%). Key discrepancies between reported antiemetic use and guideline recommendations in the highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) setting were underutilization of the recommended NK(1)RA + 5-HT(3)RA + steroid combination on day 1 (55%) and high use of 5-HT3RAs (50%) on days 2-5 when a steroid (63% use) should be used. Metoclopramide use was high in both HEC and moderately emetogenic settings, with 30% and 50% reporting use on day 1 and days 2-5, respectively. The most common reported barrier to use of guideline-recommended agents was physician preference (40%). The most common challenges in managing CINV were "controlling nausea/vomiting in the delayed phase" (64%) and "reducing the impact of CINV on patients quality-of-life" (61%). Conclusions This survey highlights opportunities to improve utilization of guideline-recommended antiemetics, thereby optimizing prevention of CINV and QoL for patients receiving emetogenic chemotherapy.

  • 143.
    Dillström, Maria
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Engström, My
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patients' experience of acute unplanned surgical reoperation.2017Ingår i: Journal of Surgical Research, ISSN 0022-4804, E-ISSN 1095-8673, Vol. 209, s. 199-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Undergoing surgery always involves various risks of complications, often depending on the type of surgery. Because of complications, a second surgical intervention, a reoperation, must occasionally be done, which in turn often causes an extended hospital stay, a longer recovery phase, greater suffering for the patient, and higher health care costs. Even though complications after general surgery are relatively common, little is known regarding patient experience of a reoperation. Knowledge of this could impact on care models in the future. The aim of this study was to describe patients' experience of acute, unplanned reoperation during a planned hospital stay.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A purposive sampling strategy was used, and 16 patients were included, all who had undergone acute unplanned reoperation during a planned hospital stay. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data, and a content analysis with an inductive approach was used for data analysis.

    RESULTS: The analysis resulted in two main themes: (1) health professionals' importance, having its foundation in categories trust and information, and (2) reaction, based on the categories anxiety and sadness.

    CONCLUSIONS: Unplanned reoperation caused psychological, social, and existential reactions. Health care professionals were perceived as important because good communication, accurate information, their presence, and creating feelings of confident and safe care were meaningful factors for the patients as they managed the situation.

  • 144.
    Dini, Francesca
    et al.
    Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Capuano, Rosamaria
    Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Strand, Tillan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Akutkliniken.
    Lindgren, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Paolesse, Roberto
    Department of Chemical Science and Technology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Di Natale, Corrado
    Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Lundström, Ingemar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Volatile Emissions from Compressed Tissue2013Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, nr 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since almost every fifth patient treated in hospital care develops pressure ulcers, early identification of risk is important. A non-invasive method for the elucidation of endogenous biomarkers related to pressure ulcers could be an excellent tool for this purpose. We therefore found it of interest to determine if there is a difference in the emissions of volatiles from compressed and uncompressed tissue. The ultimate goal is to find a non-invasive method to obtain an early warning for the risk of developing pressure ulcers for bed-ridden persons. Chemical analysis of the emissions, collected in compresses, was made with gas-chromatography – mass spectrometry and with a chemical sensor array, the so called electronic nose. It was found that the emissions from healthy and hospitalized persons differed significantly irrespective of the site. Within each group there was a clear difference between the compressed and uncompressed site. Peaks that could be certainly deemed as markers of the compression were, however, not identified. Nonetheless, different compounds connected to the application of local mechanical pressure were found. The results obtained with GC-MS reveal the complexity of VOC composition, thus an array of non-selective chemical sensors seems to be a suitable choice for the analysis of skin emission from compressed tissues; it may represent a practical instrument for bed side diagnostics. Results show that the adopted electronic noses are likely sensitive to the total amount of the emission rather than to its composition. The development of a gas sensor-based device requires then the design of sensor receptors adequate to detect the VOCs bouquet typical of pressure. This preliminary experiment evidences the necessity of studies where each given person is followed for a long time in a ward in order to detect the insurgence of specific VOCs pattern changes signalling the occurrence of ulcers.

  • 145.
    Dionne-Odom, J. Nicholas
    et al.
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Hooker, Stephanie A.
    University of Colorado, CO 80217 USA.
    Bekelman, David
    University of Colorado, CO 80220 USA.
    Ejem, Deborah
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    McGhan, Gwen
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Kitko, Lisa
    Penn State University, PA 16802 USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Wells, Rachel
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Astin, Meka
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Gok Metin, Zehra
    Hacettepe University, Turkey.
    Mancarella, Gisella
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Pamboukian, Salpy V.
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Evangelista, Lorraine
    University of Calif Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Buck, Harleah G.
    University of S Florida, FL 33612 USA.
    Bakitas, Marie A.
    University of Alabama Birmingham, AL 35294 USA.
    Family caregiving for persons with heart failure at the intersection of heart failure and palliative care: a state-of-the-science review2017Ingår i: Heart Failure Reviews, ISSN 1382-4147, E-ISSN 1573-7322, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 543-557Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of the 23 million individuals with heart failure (HF) worldwide receive daily, unpaid support from a family member or friend. Although HF and palliative care practice guidelines stipulate that support be provided to family caregivers, the evidence base to guide care for this population has not been comprehensively assessed. In order to appraise the state-of-the-science of HF family caregiving and recommend areas for future research, the aims of this review were to summarize (1) how caregivers influence patients, (2) the consequences of HF for caregivers, and (3) interventions directed at HF caregivers. We reviewed all literature to December 2015 in PubMed and CINAHL using the search terms "heart failure" AND "caregiver." Inclusion criteria dictated that studies report original research of HF family caregiving. Articles focused on children or instrument development or aggregated HF with other illnesses were excluded. We identified 120 studies, representing 5700 caregivers. Research on this population indicates that (1) caregiving situations vary widely with equally wide-ranging tasks for patients to help facilitate their health behaviors, psychological health and relationships, and quality of life (QoL); (2) caregivers have numerous unmet needs that fluctuate with patients unpredictable medical status, are felt to be ignored by the formal healthcare system, and can lead to distress, burden, and reduced QoL; and (3) relatively few interventions have been developed and tested that effectively support HF family caregivers. We provide recommendations to progress the science forward in each of these areas that moves beyond descriptive work to intervention development and clinical trials testing.

  • 146.
    Djukanovic, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Jorg
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linnaeus University, Sweden; Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden.
    Is the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) a valid measure in a general population 65-80 years old? A psychometric evaluation study2017Ingår i: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 15, artikel-id 193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) aims to measure symptoms of anxiety (HADS Anxiety) and depression (HADS Depression). The HADS is widely used but has shown ambiguous results both regarding the factor structure and sex differences in the prevalence of depressive symptoms. There is also a lack of psychometric evaluations of the HADS in non-clinical samples of older people. The aim of the study was to evaluate the factor structure of the HADS in a general population 65-80 years old and to exam possible presence of differential item functioning (DIF) with respect to sex. Methods: This study was based on data from a Swedish sample, randomized from the total population in the age group 65-80 years (n = 6659). Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to examine the factor structure. Ordinal regression analyses were conducted to detect DIF for sex. Reliability was examined by both ordinal as well as traditional Cronbachs alpha. Results: The CFA showed a two-factor model with cross-loadings for two items (7 and 8) had excellent model fit. Internal consistency was good in both subscales, measured with ordinal and traditional alpha. Floor effects were presented for all items. No indication for meaningful DIF regarding sex was found for any of the subscales. Conclusions: HADS Anxiety and HADS Depression are unidimensional measures with acceptable internal consistency and are invariant with regard to sex. Despite pronounced ceiling effects and cross-loadings for item 7 and 8, the hypothesized two-factor model of HADS can be recommended to assess psychological distress among a general population 65-80 years old.

  • 147.
    Djärv, T.
    et al.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Axelsson, C.
    Univ Coll Boras, Sweden.
    Herlitz, J.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Univ Coll Borås, Sweden.
    Strömsoe, A.
    Malardalen Univ, Sweden.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Kalmar Cty Hosp, Sweden; Linnaeus Univ, Sweden.
    Claesson, A.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Univ Coll Boras, Sweden.
    Traumatic cardiac arrest in Sweden 1990-2016-a population-based national cohort study2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 26, artikel-id 30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trauma is a main cause of death among young adults worldwide. Patients experiencing a traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) certainly have a poor prognosis but population-based studies are sparse. Primarily to describe characteristics and 30-day survival following a TCA as compared with a medical out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (medical CA). Methods: A cohort study based on data from the nationwide, prospective population-based Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (SRCR), a medical cardiac arrest registry, between 1990 and 2016. The definition of a TCA in the SRCR is a patient who is unresponsive with apnoea where cardiopulmonary resuscitation and/or defibrillation have been initiated and in whom the Emergency Medical Services (EMS, mainly a nurse-based system) reported trauma as the aetiology. Outcome was overall 30-day survival. Descriptive statistics as well as multivariable logistic regression models were used. Results: In all, between 1990 and 2016, 1774 (2.4%) cases had a TCA and 72,547 had a medical CA. Overall 30-day survival gradually increased over the years, and was 3.7% for TCAs compared to 8.2% following a medical CA (p amp;lt; 0.01). Among TCAs, factors associated with a higher 30-day survival were bystander witnessed and having a shockable initial rhythm (adjusted OR 2.67, 95% C.I. 1.15-6.22 and OR 8.94 95% C.I. 4.27-18.69, respectively). Discussion: Association in registry-based studies do not imply causality but TCA had short time intervals in the chain of survival as well as high rates of bystander-CPR. C onclusion: In a medical CA registry like ours, prevalence of TCAs is low and survival is poor. Registries like ours might not capture the true incidence. However, many individuals do survive and resuscitation in TCAs should not be seen futile.

  • 148.
    Drevenhorn, Eva
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Bengtson, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kjellgren, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    To be motivated or only comply - patients views of hypertension care after consultation training for nurses2015Ingår i: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 74, nr 1, s. 28-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This paper reports on patients perspectives on the nurse management of hypertension following consultation training, elicited as part of a randomised controlled study. Method: Telephone interviews were conducted with 16 patients in an intervention group (IG) and eight patients in a control group (CG), 3 years after nurses consultation training in primary health care. By means of a 3-day course, nurses were educated in patient centredness, Motivational Interviewing, the Stages of Change model, guidelines for cardiovascular prevention, lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatment. In addition, they took part in video-recorded consultation training with simulated patients. A specially designed educational booklet was developed for patients in the IG. Results: Of the 16 patients in the IG, 13 reported that their views and former experiences were taken into account and all eight patients in the CG reported the same. Patients in the IG reported that the nurse listened and they had been guided and motivated to perform lifestyle changes. The booklet in the IG was reported to have been read several times, but a few patients did not remember receiving it. There were more informed thoughts about how to manage lifestyle in the IG. Patients in the CG were less detailed in their descriptions. Conclusion: Patients in both IG and CG reported to have made efforts to change lifestyle, and patients in the IG reported that they had been coached and motivated by their nurses to do so.

  • 149.
    Drevenhorn, Eva
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Bengtson, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Per
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Kjellgren, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Assessment of hypertensive patients self-care agency after counseling training of nurses2015Ingår i: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, ISSN 2327-6886, E-ISSN 2327-6924, Vol. 27, nr 11, s. 624-630Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe aim of the study was to assess hypertensive patients self-care agency and any correlation with the patients lifestyle changes and the nurses degree of patient centeredness after counseling training. Data sourcesNurses in the intervention group (IG; n = 19) working at nurse-led clinics at health centers were trained in patient centeredness (motivational interviewing) and the stages of change model and included 137 patients. Nurses in the control group (CG; n = 14) included 51 patients. The Exercise of Self-Care Agency (ESCA) instrument was used. There was a significant difference from baseline to the 2-year follow-up in the ESCA score (IG, p = .0001). An increase in ESCA score was correlated with an increased level of physical activity after 2 years (IG, p = .0001; CG, p = .040). ConclusionsThe counseling training gave an increase in the patients self-care agency scores, which was significantly correlated with increased physical activity. Implications for practiceIn clinical practice it is important for nurses to be patient centered in their counseling to affect patients self-care agency in a positive direction.

  • 150.
    Drevenhorn, Eva
    et al.
    Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper, Lunds Universitet.
    Bengtson, Ann
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Sahlgrenska akademien, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Nyberg, Per
    Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper, Lunds Universitet.
    Kjellgren, Karin I.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Sahlgrenska akademien, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Effects on hypertensive patients' satisfaction with information about their medication after nurses' consultation training2014Ingår i: Pragmatic and Observational Research, ISSN 1179-7266, Vol. 5, s. 35-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a well-known problem in hypertension care with patients' adherence to treatment. Patients who score high in answering the instrument Satisfaction with Information about Medicine Scale are reported to have greater adherence to their medication.

    Aim: To explore how hypertensive patients' satisfaction with information about their medicines was affected by nurses' education in Motivational Interviewing.

    Material and methods: The Stages of Change model and Motivational Interviewing was the theoretical base for consultation training for nurses. Nineteen nurses attended 3 days of video-recorded consultation training with simulated patients. They were updated in hypertensive medication and were trained in motivating patients to improve their self-management as well as adherence to lifestyle changes and medication. The satisfaction with information instrument identifies patients' satisfaction with information about the action and usage of medication as well as potential problems with it. The instrument was used to assess how well the needs of individual patients for medicine information were met at baseline and 2 years after the training. The 19 trained nurses in the intervention group worked with 137 patients, and a control group of 16 nurses, who gave normal care, worked with 51 patients.

    Results: There was a difference between the intervention and control group in total score (P=0.028) 2 years after the intervention. Patients in the intervention group perceived higher satisfaction with the action and usage of their medication (P=0.001) and a lower degree of potential problems with their medication (P=0.001). Patients in the control group also perceived a lower degree of potential problems with their medication (P=0.028).

    Conclusion: We suggest that consultation training for nurses with the aim of motivating patients to be more self-directed in their self-care improves satisfaction with information about medication.

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