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  • 151.
    Grahn, Wera
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att dra samman projektet2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Graninger, Gun
    et al.
    Åtvidaberg.
    Graninger, Göran
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forntidsgröten och lärarutbildningen1988In: Kronos: historia i skola och samhälle, ISSN 1100-1208, no 1, p. 5-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur uppfattar barn tidsbegrepp? Kan lågstadiebarn verkligen vad tidsrymder över många tusen år? Gun och Göran Graninger har studerat historiekursen i lågstadiet och argumenterar, utifrån undersökningar om barns tidsuppfattning, för att kurser och läroböcker hellre borde ta sin början i ett mer näraliggande tidsperspektiv. Lärarutbildningen borde gå i spetsen för en annan kronologi i lågstadiets historieundervisning!

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    Forntidsgröten och lärarutbildningen
  • 153. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Grip, Björn
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den ojämlika dödligheten: Hjärtdödlighet och samhällsutveckling i två städer2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unequal Mortality is primarily a study of coronary heart disease mortality and its consequences during the period 1950–2010 in the twin cities Linköping and Norrköping. The difference in mortality between the two cities was great. During the 1970s, when there was a focus on equality, these differences declined. As economic policies and social values were adapted to a global monetary policy, inequality in mortality between the two cities increased.

    Large changes took place in the respective cities as far as mortality in coronary heart disease was concerned. In both cities the low cost housing projects became poorer and were increasingly influenced by the influx of refugees, at the same time that the city centres became gentrified, not least in Linköping. The differences in mortality between the out-lying areas and the city centres increased during the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century. This is true to a greater extent in Linköping than in Norrköping.

    The dissertation consists of three parts. The licentiate thesis analyses the development of the cities from the 1950s until 2006. The study also attempts to trace the reasons for the differences in health and premature death. Article 1 deals with what happened on the way from a highly industrial to a post-industrial society. It has especially focused on studying the differences in coronary heart disease morbidity among various neighbourhoods in both the twin cities. Article 2 analyses differences in coronary heart disease mortality during the period from 1976 to 2010.

    List of papers
    1. PERSPECTIVES ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SWEDISH CARDIAC EPIDEMICS: The cases of Linköping and Norrköping
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>PERSPECTIVES ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SWEDISH CARDIAC EPIDEMICS: The cases of Linköping and Norrköping
    2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 32-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) can be described as an ongoing epidemic, although a very protracted one, lasting more than 100 years. Cardiovascular diseasesstill top mortality rates in the world today, accounting for about 30% of all deaths around the globe. But it is in the industrialized world that CVD dominate, although differences are great among various regions. Myocardial infarctions are significantly more common in Sweden than in southern Europe, but less common than in Eastern Europe. The overall question concerns the consequences for health in areas on the road to a post-industrial society. Over the years a clearer link has become visible between lifestyle and health. In Sweden, infectious diseases diminished as result of rising living standards. At the same time cardiovascular diseases were beginning their upward phase, reaching a peak in the 1960s. Deaths due to CVD bring to light significant discrepancies related to socio-economic and cultural factors. A comparison of the Swedish twin cities Linkoping and Norrkoping show considerable differences in death rates in favour of Linkoping, amounting to about 30% fewer in the 1920s with a tendency toward rising differences thereafter. A preliminary investigation of diagnoses has shown that links commonly made between health and socio-economic patterns need revision. The differences in cardiovascular morbidity show another pattern than was expected. It is obvious that the neighbourhood environments themselves have significance, and that the inequalities need additional research based on complementary explanatory models.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
    Keywords
    Sweden; health; demography; cardiac epidemics
    National Category
    History and Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125831 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2015.1108930 (DOI)000369289500003 ()
    Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2017-11-30
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    Den ojämlika dödligheten: Hjärtdödlighet och samhällsutveckling i två städer
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    omslag
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    presentationsbild
  • 154.
    Grip, Björn
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    PERSPECTIVES ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SWEDISH CARDIAC EPIDEMICS: The cases of Linköping and Norrköping2016In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 32-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) can be described as an ongoing epidemic, although a very protracted one, lasting more than 100 years. Cardiovascular diseasesstill top mortality rates in the world today, accounting for about 30% of all deaths around the globe. But it is in the industrialized world that CVD dominate, although differences are great among various regions. Myocardial infarctions are significantly more common in Sweden than in southern Europe, but less common than in Eastern Europe. The overall question concerns the consequences for health in areas on the road to a post-industrial society. Over the years a clearer link has become visible between lifestyle and health. In Sweden, infectious diseases diminished as result of rising living standards. At the same time cardiovascular diseases were beginning their upward phase, reaching a peak in the 1960s. Deaths due to CVD bring to light significant discrepancies related to socio-economic and cultural factors. A comparison of the Swedish twin cities Linkoping and Norrkoping show considerable differences in death rates in favour of Linkoping, amounting to about 30% fewer in the 1920s with a tendency toward rising differences thereafter. A preliminary investigation of diagnoses has shown that links commonly made between health and socio-economic patterns need revision. The differences in cardiovascular morbidity show another pattern than was expected. It is obvious that the neighbourhood environments themselves have significance, and that the inequalities need additional research based on complementary explanatory models.

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    fulltext
  • 155.
    Gruber, Göran
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A single word... Mesolithic horn tool from Motala became an international snack2013In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 108, no 3, p. 209-211Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 156. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Gruber, Göran
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medeltider: samtida mobiliseringsprocesser kring det förflutnas värden2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study apply to a broad understanding of the term Middle-Ages as an analytical concept to show how values and norms of actions are established and negotiated through contemporary uses of history. It contributes to the analysis and discussion of central tensions in memory policy between, on one hand, the representative democratic system, and on the other hand, a direct democracy based on the idea of everyone's ability and right to participate in the use of the history. In two case studies, that maps the use of the Middle-Ages in the county of Östergötland, this study shows how this tension effects and is handled by Stakeholders in every day praxis. One case focus on a conflict between, on one hand, ancient remains of human skeletons from a medieval gallows hill, and on the other hand, private business development due to the construction of a new factory in the town of Vadstena. The other case analyses a broader use of the Middle-Ages as resources in regional and local development policies in the town of Skänninge. The study analysis varied situations where Stakeholders are mobilized around different problems. It focus on how these processes are carried out and which recourses that are used, both rhetorical and through actions. The study shows how values of the past is created, produced and negotiated in contemporary processes of mobilization which are related to terms such as Preservation, Experience and Local policies. It also shows how traditional institutional structures creates barriers that prevent fruitful cooperation between the Stakeholders, and the broader use of the past that the national policies are asking for.

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    Medeltider : samtida mobiliseringsprocesser kring det förflutnas värden
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    Omslag/cover
  • 157.
    Grönvall, Sarah
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Carl Malmsten - Centre for Wood Technology & Design.
    Jugendornamentik feat. Vectorestetik: Utemöbler för Berga Form AB2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the graduation project worth 10 points that I completed in the Furniture Design Program at Carl Malmsten CTD, spring 2006. The purpose of this report is to describe and explain the process of this graduation project and the design of the products that has

    shaped the form of my concept.

    The report is based on the documentation from the process. I have choosen to present my

    work for this report in four chapters. The first and opening chapter describes the background of the project, the second one shows the research, using pictures, and the concept for the

    project. The third, is about the design and sketching process, while the last one presents the prototyping. The final part is an analysis of the result and some comments on the work and the

    products.

    The reason I chose this as my graduation project was beacuse I was curious about outdoor furniture and the possible functions they can have. These types of furniture will not go out of date, as long as the weather permits, as we will always spend time outdoors and will always have a need for products in this environment. I was looking to provide something new in this area, without losing the inherent properties to outdoor furniture.

    I presented these ideas for Berga Form AB, because my understanding was that they, just like me, value quality and care for details. Furthermore, they produce the majority of their

    products in Java, Indonesia. I was in this area when I contacted Berga Form the first time. I did a 3 months internship in Singapore/Java the autum semester of 2006, when I thought up the idea for my graduation project.

    The result if this project is a table and a bench for outdoor environments. The material is cast aluminum and solid Ash tree. This product has a function that will ease transport for Berga Form and winter storage for the customer. The furniture posesses an aesthetic that is exclusive and stylish to match Berga Form´s present collection.

    The design concept for this graduation project is;

    “black & white, dazzling patterning, inspired by Jugend and Vector aesthetically and solid wood reserved shapes”.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 158.
    Gunnarsson, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Genetik i fiktion2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate’s thesis is concerned with how genetics is depicted and used in fictional stories. From a perspective that combines science and technology studies with cultural studies, it analyses narratives that deal with, or contain images of, genetics and gene technology. The empirical material consists of four narratives, two movies and two novels: Andrew Niccol’s film Gattaca (1997), Ang Lee’s film Hulk (2003), Margaret Atwood’s novel Oryx and Crake (2003), and P.C. Jersild’s Swedish novel Geniernas återkomst ("Return of the Geniuses", 1987). The thesis has two main parts, where the first part introduces theories and perspectives on biology and narrative, whereas the second part presents the four analyses of fictional narratives.

    The first part is divided into two sections. Section one is concerned with biology (primarily molecular biology), ideals of objectivity, and the relation¬ship between science and technology. I argue for a perspective where science and technology are intimately interwoven, especially in the case of the “new biology”. This section defines the concepts of genetics and gene technology, a definition that relies more on how the concept of gene is used in the analysed narratives than the scientific discipline of genetics. Then follows in the second section a discussion of narration and fiction, two cen¬tral concepts in this thesis. With the aid of structuralist literary studies, the process of narrative production and meaning making is described, and an argument is made for viewing fiction as a quality of narratives rather than a genre of its own.

    Part two is also made up of two main sections. In the first of these, the four narratives are analysed separately. The narratives are viewed as examples of different perspectives on fictitious genetics: Gattaca is analysed as an exam¬ple of a genetically governed society, Hulk as a genetically manipulated individual, Oryx and Crake exemplifies the genetic apocalypse, and Genier¬nas återkomst depicts a future society where genetics has been out¬dated, banned and expelled. The second part analyses genetics and gene technology as narrative devices. Here, the four narratives are no longer separated. In¬stead, they are compared and used to exemplify a number of sometimes contradictory narrative uses of genetics and gene technology. The narratives make use of both public understandings of science and technology and the complexity of modern biology and biotechnology to balance credibility and the fantastic. Six main functions of genetics are identified in the narratives, some of wich are functions of negotiation – like the negotiations between the credible and the incredible, between threat and opportunity, between control and the loss of control, between micro and macro, and between nature and technology. Other functions are based upon genetics and gene technology being described – and understood – as both new and having potentially pro¬found consequences for society and human¬kind. In the end, genetics in fic¬tion turns out to have very little to do with genetics and gene technology as scientific discourses. Instead these sciences seem to be used because of their complexity and aura of both “cutting-edge” sciences and “code of life”, in order to negotiate a number of narrative problems and oppositions.

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  • 159.
    Gurjazkaite, Karolina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Routh, Joyanto
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Djamali, Morteza
    Univ Avignon, France.
    Vaezi, Alireza
    Univ Tehran, Iran.
    Poher, Yoann
    Univ Avignon, France.
    Beni, Abdolmajid Naderi
    Iranian Natl Inst Oceanog and Atmospher Sci, Iran.
    Tavakoli, Vahid
    Univ Tehran, Iran.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vegetation history and human-environment interactions through the late Holocene in Konar Sandal, SE Iran2018In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 194, p. 143-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Jiroft valley, situated on banks of the Halil Rud developed as an important agricultural and trading center during the Early Bronze Age. Known for its famous steatite sculptures and clay pottery, the first settlement in Konar Sandal collapsed around 3rd millennium BCE. A second shorter, but major phase of occupation in the settlement occurred towards the end of 2nd millennium BCE. A 250-cm long peat sequence near the archaeological complex at Konar Sandal was investigated to reconstruct the human environment history using palynological, sedimentological and geochemical data. With a basal age of 4 ka, the core traces the hydroclimatic changes and human activities that started just after large scale abandonment of Konar Sandal and extends from the late Bronze Age to the Mongol invasion. The results show that Jiroft had an arid dry climate dominated by the Saharo-Sindian open pseudo-savanna vegetation. However, due to human clearance and intensified agro-sylvo-pastoral activities, and climatic factors, the land-cover shifted from open xeric scrublands to a more open degraded landscape. The principal human occupation was cereal cultivation and herding. However, it is likely that during the more arid periods, communities retreated and abandoned agriculture, facilitating successional processes. Such droughts occurred around 4.0-3.8 ka and 3.4-2.8 ka and are related to the Siberian Anticyclonic system. Declining Artemisia and shrubs indicate milder climates ca. 3.8-3.4 ka and 2.8-0.6 ka. The latter period that started with the rule of the Persian empires (550-650 BCE), and continued through the Islamic era, coincides with intensive human activities, and the highest degradation of vegetation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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    fulltext
  • 160.
    Gustafson, Pelle
    et al.
    Stockholm, Sweden.
    Salomonsson, Anders
    Team RM, Sweden.
    Svensson, Per
    Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in Norrköping.
    Tio år med WHO:s checklista för säker kirurgi [Ten years with the WHO Checklist for Safe Surgery]: Nu kommer den nya svenska versionen – checklistan 2.0 [A new Swedish version is soon to be introduced]2018In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The WHO Checklist for Safe Surgery has been in use in Swedish healthcare since 2009. Based on national and international experiences, we have developed the original checklist, with the aim to keep its strengths and remove the weaknesses. The most obvious difference is that each section of the original checklist has been split into a pure checklist and corresponding instructions. It is now also more obvious that the basis for the checklist is local guidelines/routines. It is primarily via these local guidelines/routines that local adaptations can be made. The new checklist has been tested and gradually improved during six rounds at large and small Swedish hospitals, where comments from staff have been considered. The name has been changed to Checklist for Safe Surgery 2.0, and distribution to all Swedish hospitals will commence in the early autumn of 2018.

  • 161.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media.
    Comparability between the Medieval Swedish Town Law and the Lübeck Law2009In: Crossing Legal Cultures / [ed] Laura Beck Varela, Pablo Gutiérrez Vega, Alberto Spinosa, München: Martin Meidenbauer , 2009, 1, p. 129-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mit ihren 34 gesammelten Beitraegen zielt die vorliegende Publikation darauf ab, die Reihe European Yearbook of Young Legal History mit einem anspruchsvollen wissenschaftlichen Grenzbereich zusammenzufuehren. Sie naehert sich der Disziplin der Rechtsgeschichte in einem komplexen Ansatz, indem sie sich ganz bewusst ueber die ungeschriebenen roten Grenzlinien allgemein anerkannter Rechtsgeschichte hinaus begibt, welche bisher von der vorherrschenden Geschichtsschreibung gepraegt ist. Dabei gelingt es dem Band, Disziplinen benachbarter sozialwissenschaftlicher Richtungen, wie beispielsweise die der Linguistik, der Theorie Internationaler Beziehungen, der Geschichte des Altertums und sogar der Roemischen Gesetzgebung aufzugreifen und einzubeziehen. Insofern strebt dieses Projekt danach, zu einem besseren, nicht notgedrungen konfliktgeladenen Verstaendnis der interkulturellen Erzeugung gesetzlicher Praktiken, Mechanismen und Normen in Europa beizutragen.

  • 162.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Consulting with the Community in Late Medieval Towns2007In: Urban Europe in Comparative Perspective: Papers presented at the Eighth International Conference on Urban History, Stockholm, 2006 / [ed] Lars Nilsson, Stockholm: Institute of Urban History, Stockholm University , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    German Influence in Swedish Medieval Towns: Reflections upon the Time-bound Historiography of the Twentieth Century2013In: Guilds, Towns and Cultural Transmission in the North, 1300-1500 / [ed] Lars Bisgaard, Lars Boje Mortensen, Tom Pettitt, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2013, p. 109-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Governance of northern European towns in the Middle Ages: the benefits of a comparative perspective2011In: La gobernanza de la cuidad europea en la Edad Media / [ed] Jesús Ángel Solórzano Telechea, Beatriz Arízaga Bolumburu, Logroño: Instituto de Estudios Riojanos , 2011, p. 47-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is about medieval town governance in northern Europe. By comparing English, German and Scandinavian towns, the structural similarities among medieval towns are pointed out. The roles played by the major actors within the towns: town lords, bailiffs, burgomasters, councils and the burgher communities are scrutinized, as well as their relationships to each other and how these changed over the centuries. Even though every medieval town differed from the other depending on their local conditions, a majority of towns shared a common basic structure of governance, irrespective of their geographical location and prerequisites. This is interpreted as being a result of a common town culture. The author therefore encourages wider perspecives, beyond the regional and national sphere, in studies of medieval towns.

  • 165.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ingen given konflikt: Svenskar och tyskar i medeltidens Stockholm2012In: Stockholm global stad / [ed] Ulf Sörenson, Stockholm: Langenskiöld , 2012, p. 30-39Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 166.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Joen Petri Klint: Stridbar kyrkoherde i Vasatid2018In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, Vol. 1, no 114, p. 29-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Järtecken: Joen Petri Klint och 1500-talets vidunderliga lutherdom2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kometer, norrsken, jordbävningar, drakar, missbildningar och andra märkligheter ofta uppfattades de som så kallade järtecken som varslade om kommande olyckor.

    I sin 400 sidor långa bok från 1500-talets andra hälft beskriver kyrkoherden Joen Petri Klint i ord och bild dessa bisarra tecken, deras uppkomst och betydelser. Han försöker finna sambandet mellan dem och efterföljande händelser såsom Johan III:s död och slaget vid Stångebro. Intresset för järtecken delade Klint med sin omvärld, inte minst med det lutherska prästerskapet i Europa. Naturfenomen betraktades av de flesta som en reaktion från Gud på människornas synder i värsta fall ett tecken på den annalkande apokalypsen.

    I Järtecken analyserar historikern Sofia Gustafsson Klints tidigare förbisedda järteckenbok i ljuset av tidens lutherska föreställningsvärld. Varför skrev Klint boken och hur typiska var berättelserna i boken för sin tid?

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  • 168.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Måltid på rådhuset2016In: Biskop Brasks måltider: Svensk mat mellan medeltid och renässans / [ed] Magnus Gröntoft, Madeleine Bonow, Sofia Gustafsson, Markus Lindberg, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2016, p. 161-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sale of Goods around the Baltic Sea in the Middle Ages2012In: The Hanse in Medieval and Early Modern Europe / [ed] Justyna Wubs-Mrozewicz, Stuart Jenks, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2012, p. 129-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Succession in Medieval Swedish Town Councils2009In: Generations in Towns: Succession and Success in Pre-Industrial Urban Societies / [ed] Finn-Einar Eliassen and Katalin Szende, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing , 2009, 1, p. 194-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The existence and changing of generations in family life, business and politics was a central feature of towns as well as rural societies in earlier times. Even so, it remains understudied by urban historians of the pre-modern period. This book aims to fill some of this gap, containing twelve studies of generations in late medieval and early modern European towns, ranging from the Mediterranean to the Nordic countries, with a time-span from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth century. Dealing with topics like succession and inheritance, family consciousness, as well as relations and conflicts within and between generations, the articles demonstrate the importance and potential of generational studies on pre-modern towns. The book will appeal to anyone who takes an interest in urban social and cultural history, legal and family history in medieval and early modern times.Show more Show less

  • 171.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Svenska städer i medeltidens Europa: En komparativ studie av stadsorganisation och politisk kultur2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How did the Swedish towns compare to the surrounding world during the late Middle Ages concerning town organization and political culture? Previous research has claimed a strong German influence on the Swedish town life, but in this dissertation the Europeanization is being put forward as the explanatory factor for the extensive international similarities that can be identified during the Middle Ages. The towns were part of an international town culture that was highly integrated. Differences between towns are foremost analysed as a result of different local conditions such as population size, social structure and relationship to the town lord.

    Since preserved sources from all towns of medieval Sweden (including Finland) have been examined in a joint study and been placed in a wider context, the dissertation presents renewed and deepened knowledge about the Swedish towns. The study includes Danish, English and German towns and thus compares regions with each other that rarely have been compared before, and thereby presents new perspectives on each respective area.

    The aspects of the organization that are being systematically compared are the creation of councils, the number of aldermen and mayors, the rotation of offices and functions of the town lords, bailiffs, councils, mayors and chamberlains. Regarding political culture, it is investigated how the councils expressed their group cohesiveness and power in the town and how they defined the border between themselves and the town population. Furthermore, the expectations the town populations placed on the officials and their perception of their own part in the rule of the town is being examined. Finally, the political interaction between council and town population in different towns is compared and analysed.

  • 172.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Tecken i skyn2010In: Sveriges historia 1350-1600, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2010, p. 372-377Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 173.
    Gyberg, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Avslutning2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 369-376Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik

  • 174.
    Gyberg, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Inledning2009In: Världens gång - teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 15-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik.

  • 175.
    Göransson, Anita
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vägen till offentlig makt2007In: Maktens kön: Kvinnor och män i den svenska makteliten på 2000-talet / [ed] Anita Göransson, Nora: Bokförlaget Nya Doxa , 2007, 1, p. 63-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maktens könKvinnor och män i den svenska makteliten på 2000-taletAnita Göransson (red)Varför finns det så få kvinnliga toppchefer i näringslivet,  medan det råder könsbalans inom politiken?  I en nyutkommen bok presenteras en världsunik undersökning - den första som systematiskt kartlägger och analyserar kvinnors och mäns olika villkor i dagens svenska maktelit. Vilka utgör den svenska makteliten i dag och hur har de nått toppen?  Krävs det mer av kvinnor för att nå makt?I boken jämförs kvinnor och män inom näringsliv, politik, förvaltning, organisationsliv, massmedier, kultur och vetenskap. Områden som diskuteras är social bakgrund, utbildning, karriärer, nätverk och kontakter, familjeförhållanden, livsstilar och åsikter om politik, karriär och jämställdhet. En särskild analys görs av medierummets eliter i press, radio och tv.Nio forskare från olika ämnen vid Göteborgs, Umeå och Uppsala universitet analyserar och drar slutsatser om vad som utmärker dem som nått den yppersta makten i det svenska samhället.  Författarna representerar ämnen som ekonomisk historia, historia, idéhistoria, journalistik och masskommunikation samt statsvetenskap. På grundval av en omfattande enkätundersökning med ett par tusen makthavare diskuterar de likheter och skillnader mellan kvinnliga och manliga makthavare och mellan olika samhällsområden.

  • 176.
    Hagberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Friberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    En kvinna i tiden : En studie om prinsessan Eugénies filantropiska verksamhet på Gotland under senare delen av 1800-talet / Kampen om historien : Tre skildringar av den svenska fackföreningsrörelsen studerade utifrån ett socialdemokratiskt hegemoniperspektiv2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvinna i tiden : En studie om prinsessan Eugénies filantropiska verksamhet på Gotland under senare delen av 1800-talet Av Anna Hagberg

    Mitt syfte med denna studie är som jag ovan berört, att undersöka prinsessan Eugénies filantropiska verksamhet på Gotland under 1800-talets senare hälft. Av alla de verksamheter och föreningar hon startade kommer jag att fokusera på Visby Skyddsförening, vilken Eugénie lät grunda år 1863 samt Gotlands Sjukhem som uppfördes år 1867. Min förhoppning med dessa två inrättningar är att kunna kasta ljus över den allmänna debatt om filantropi som fördes i Sverige under denna period. Jag vill även undersöka om de frågor som belystes i debatten var essentiella för prinsessan Eugénies mål och motiv som filantrop på Gotland. För att uppnå detta syfte har jag ställt mig följande frågeställningar, vilka presenteras nedan:

    • Vilken social inriktning hade Visby Skyddsförening samt Gotlands Sjukhem – alltså vilka människor var det som fick hjälp utav dessa verksamheter?
    • Utreddes hjälpbehovet innan hjälpen gavs och hur gavs hjälpen i de två verksamheterna i sådana fall?
    • Vad skulle hjälpen leda till – vilken målsättning hade prinsessan Eugénie med de två verksamheterna?
    • Hur finansierades hjälpen för Skyddsföreningen respektive Sjukhemmet?
    • Vad hände efter prinsessans död, alltså vad finns kvar av dessa två verksamheter idag?
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  • 177.
    Hagenblad, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Morales, Jacob
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Research Group Tarha, Department of Historical Sciences, Las Palmas, Spain.
    Leino, Matti W.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Nordiska Museet, Swedish Museum of Cultural History, Stockholm, Sweden; The Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Amelia C.
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Research Group Tarha, Department of Historical Sciences, , Las Palmas, Spain.
    Farmer fidelity in the Canary Islands revealed by ancient DNA from prehistoric seeds2017In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 78, p. 10p. 78-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Canary Islands were settled in the first millennium AD by colonizers likely originating from North Africa. The settlers developed a farming economy with barley as the main crop. Archaeological evidence suggests the islands then remained isolated until European sea-travellers discovered and colonized them during the 14th and 15th centuries. Here we report a population study of ancient DNA from twenty-one archaeobotanical barley grains from Gran Canaria dating from 1050 to 1440 cal AD. The material showed exceptional DNA preservation and genotyping was carried out for 99 single nucleotide markers. In addition 101 extant landrace accessions from the Canary Islands and the western Mediterranean were genotyped. The archaeological material showed high genetic similarity to extant landraces from the Canary Islands. In contrast, accessions from the Canary Islands were highly differentiated from both Iberian and North African mainland barley. Within the Canary Islands, landraces from the easternmost islands were genetically differentiated from landraces from the western islands, corroborating the presence of pre-Hispanic barley cultivation on Lanzarote. The results demonstrate the potential of population genetic analyses of ancient DNA. They support the hypothesis of an original colonization, possibly from present day Morocco, and subsequent isolation of the islands and reveal a farmer fidelity to the local barley that has lasted for centuries.

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  • 178. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Hallberg, Mathilda
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barn till beskådan: Familj, välfärdsstat och nation i fototävlingar och fotoböcker 1930-19442017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focusses on the culture of visual display during the 1930s and 1940s, more specifically photo contests and photo books based on photographs of children. The overall purpose of this investigation has been to study how photo contests and photo books have been a part of the negotiation of the organization of welfare for children and the family. It examines how the family, the welfare state and the nation were constructed by means of representations of children, the messages that were thus established, and the political visions that were communicated. Analyses of images and texts show that photo contests and photo books presented a unified message which said that more and better children were needed, but also how photo contests and photo books communicated disparate visions of how this goal should be reached. The study highlights how useful representations of children were in the construction of welfare. They had the potential to communicate both different visions and a shared vision of the welfare society.

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  • 179. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Constructing a Pipe-Bound City: A History of Water Supply, Sewerage, and Excreta Removal in Norrköping and Linköping, Sweden, 1860-19102003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid- to late 19th century, modern pipe-bound water and sewer systems proliferated in European cities, a development that has sometimes been regarded as a necessary result of a sanitary awakening and the progress of science and technology. By analyzing the introduction and subsequent expansion of water, sewerage, and excreta collection on the local level, in the Swedish cities Norrköping and Linköping, this oversimplified picture is questioned. The main problematique of this dissertation is why piped water supply and sewerage were introduced in these two Swedish cities at this particular time in history, and why the systems were subsequently extended. The actor-network theory (ANT) is used as an analytical tool. In the local context issues of governance, economy, technology, public health, and environment were brought to a head, and, if anything stands out, it is the complexity of introducing new technology.

    Despite the differences between Norrköping and Linköping in terms of topography and social and economic structures, the evolution of water supply and sewerage was on the whole similar. The existence of uniform scientific, technological, ideological, and cultural influences and of legislation at the national level, coupled with suburban growth, contributed to this development. There was more variation in excreta collection, because of the differences between the cities. Poor sanitary conditions, a river sensitive to pollution, and a strong public health network caused Linköping to introduce sanitary regulations much earlier than Norrköping and in Linköping WC’s were not as common.

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  • 180.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Drawing the Boundary Lines of Science Education: Subject Associations and Swedish Pre-Service Biology Teacher Education 1960-19902015In: History of Education Review, ISSN 0819-8691, Vol. 44, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyse how the Swedish Association of Biology Teachers (ABT) and some other subject associations helped form pre-service biology teacher education in two major Swedish reforms from ca. 1960 to 1990.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The activities of subject associations can be understood as boundary-work since they defend their subject boundaries in terms of content, space in the timetable, and legitimacy. A hermeneutic method of text interpretation is employed in analysing historical archival and parliamentary material.

    Findings

    The work of the ABT to demarcate their subject in the 1968 and 1988 Teacher Education Reforms may seem like merely defending certain biological items instead of others, in the name of science. However, it was also a professional struggle to assert the importance of the teachers, their jobs, education, knowledge of biology subject matter, and thereby their professional authority and autonomy. The ABT were also caught in a political struggle for their subject throughout the period of investigation. Depending on the political winds of the time they therefore had to ally themselves with or distance themselves from various actors.

    Originality/value

    In comparison with the few other studies of subject associations, this article is unique in outlining how the ABT acted in relation to teacher education. However, the ways of doing boundary-work were still very similar to those used by subject associations in schools in other countries, especially in acting for increased study time in their respective science subjects as well as their resistance to subject integration. An obvious conclusion regarding teacher education is that subject associations such as the ABT did not contribute to bridging the gap between subject matter and pedagogy but rather the opposite. Biology teacher education was seen as an academic pursuit carried out at universities rather than at the practically oriented teacher training colleges.

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  • 181.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    II Teknik som system2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 77-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik.

  • 182.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Systemteori och teknik: En introduktion till stora tekniska system2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 99-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik.

  • 183.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Avdelningen för didaktik och forskning om pedagogiskt arbete (DIPA). Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Technical Knowledge in a Technical Society: Elementary School Technology Education in Sweden, 1919-19282009In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 455-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to identify a technical domain of knowledge in the curriculum of the Swedish elementary school and views on elementary school technology of two interest groups – school teachers and engineers. Gradually during the early to mid-1920s there was increased technical content in the Swedish elementary school, if we look at the new curriculum, in-service education and stakeholders’ views. The main reasons for this were, first of all, that the first decades of the twentieth century witnessed industrial growth with accompanying technification of large parts of society including the school. Second, the curriculum of 1919 had a broader technical content than earlier curricula, and thus mirrored the societal changes. Third, vocational secondary schools led to new requirements in respect of elementary technology education. Representatives of the Government were prime movers in enhancing the significance of technology in school together with teachers, while engineers generally showed little interest.

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  • 184.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Teknik som allmänbildning: Lärdomar av ingenjörers syn på teknisk kunskap under 1920-talet2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 61-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik.

  • 185.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Avdelningen för didaktik och forskning om pedagogiskt arbete (DIPA). Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    'To hold the subject's territory': The Swedish Association of Biology Teachers and two curricular reforms, 1960-19652010In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 239-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate and analyse the cultural boundaries of school biology, and to a certain extent the natural science subjects in general, in two Swedish curriculum reforms, from the viewpoint of the Swedish Association of Biology Teachers (ABT). Thomas Gieryn’s concept of boundary‐work is thus used in analysing how the ABT acted to ‘hold the subject’s territory’. The ABT had substantial influence on the content of the new biology curricula, although this was sometimes achieved after internal conflict and required support from other actors, especially university biologists. Upper secondary biology had the highest status and was seen as a science, related to modern biological research and curriculum development, particularly in the USA. Despite the efforts of the ABT boundary‐work was unsuccessful in respect of the timetable; the natural science subjects were reduced both at the lower and upper secondary level, in contrast to what happened in many other Western countries.

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  • 186.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning and Didactic Science in Education and School (PeDiUS). Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Urban or Suburban Water?: Working Class Suburbs, Technological Systems and Environmental Justice in Swedish Cities in the Late Nineteenth Century2011In: Environmental and Social Justice in the City: Historical Perspectives / [ed] Geneviève Massard-Guilbaud and Richard Rodger, Cambridge: The White Horse Press , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The world is full of environmental injustices and inequalities, yet few European historians have tackled these subjects head on; nor have they explored their relationships with social inequalities. In this innovative collection of historical essays the contributors consider a range of past environmental injustices, spanning seven northern and western European countries and with several chapters adding a North American perspective. In addition to an introductory chapter that surveys approaches to this area of environmental history, individual chapters address inequalities in the city as regards water supply, air pollution, waste disposal, factory conditions, industrial effluents, fuel poverty and the administrative and legal arrangements that discriminated against segments of society.

  • 187.
    Hallström, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    VII Teknik och mediering2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 311-315Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 188.
    Hallström, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ginner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    I Teknik i skolan2009In: Världens gång – teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Per Gyberg och Jonas Hallström (red.), Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, p. 25-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknik är ett angeläget ämne. Om det än handlar om energi, globala klimatförändringar, välfärd eller mer vardagliga göromål spelar tekniken en avgörande roll. Att förstå samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle är därför viktigt, både för oss som enskilda individer, medborgare och för samhället i stort. Världens gång - teknikens utveckling är uppbyggd kring ett antal centrala teman som exemplifieras genom olika författares kapitel. Bidragen ger exempel på viktig teknik i människans historia och är tänkta som inspiration för att kunna problematisera modern teknik. Vi får möta gammal teknik när den var ny, teknik under förändring, teknik i skolan och hos arkitekten, teknik som identitetsskapare, teknik som såväl redskap som komplexa system, teknik när den inte fungerar och när den får svårbegripliga och ibland förhatliga konsekvenser. Det handlar om teknikens roll i världens gång! Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, ingenjörer och tekniker samt till forskarstuderande inom olika ämnesområden. Den kan också läsas med stor behållning av personer med ett brett allmänt intresse för teknik

  • 189.
    Hallström, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning and Didactic Science in Education and School (PeDiUS).
    Gyberg, Per
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Technology in the rear-view mirror: How to better incorporate the history of technology into technology education2011In: International Journal of Technology and Design Education, ISSN 0957-7572, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 3-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of technology can play an important role in illuminating the fundamentals of technological change, but it is important that technology teachers, teacher educators, curriculum developers and researchers can be provided with good analytical tools for this purpose. In this article, we propose a model of techno-historical interplay, as a help in deciding what historical artefacts and systems should be included in technology curricula and teaching as well as in analyzing and conveying to students the fundamental issues of technological change. We want to emphasize particularly three points of importance in employing the model as a tool of analysis. First of all, it is crucial to decide what one wants the technologically literate student to know about technology and technological change. This should include an awareness of the historical and geographical contingency of any technology. Second, on the basis of this decision one should adapt the model as a tool for selecting relevant technologies. Third, the model should be applied as an instrument of analysis of the history of the selected technological artefacts or systems as well as theories of technological development.

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  • 190.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Another Colonialism: Africa in the History of European Integration2014In: Journal of Historical Sociology, ISSN 0952-1909, E-ISSN 1467-6443, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 442-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s European Union was founded in a 1950s marked by its member

    states’ involvement in numerous colonial conflicts and with the colonial question

    firmly entrenched on the European and international agenda. This notwithstanding,

    there is hardly any scholarly investigations to date that have examined colonialism’s

    bearing on the historical project and process of European integration. In tackling

    this puzzle, the present article proceeds in two steps. First, it corroborates the claim

    that European integration not only is related to the history of colonialism but to no

    little extent determined by it. Second, it introduces a set of factors that explain why

    the relation between the EU and colonialism has been systematically neglected. Here

    the article seeks to identify the operations of a colonial epistemology that has

    facilitated a misrecognition of what postwar European integration was about. As the

    article argues, this epistemology has enabled colonialism’s historical relation to the

    European integration project to remain undetected and has thus also reproduced

    within the present EU precisely those colonial or neo-colonial preconceptions that

    the European partner states, in official discourse and policy, falsely claim that they

    have abandoned.

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  • 191.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bringing Africa as a 'Dowry to Europe': European Integration and the Eurafrican Project, 1920–19602011In: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 443-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the history of the ‘Eurafrican project’ as it evolved from the Pan-European movement in the 1920s to its institutionalization in the European Economic Community (EEC) (i.e. today’s EU) in the late 1950s. As shown in the article practically all of the visions, movements and concrete institutional arrangements working towards European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. As so much of the scholarly, political and journalistic accounts at the time testify to, European integration was inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the intellectual, political and institutional discourse on Eurafrica – or the fate of Europe’s colonial enterprise – a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Indeed, there is strong evidence to support that these ideas were instrumental in the actual, diplomatic and political constitution of the EEC, or of Europe as a political subject. The article discusses the conspicuous absence of these matters from scholarship on European integration and its historical origins and trajectory. It also notes that it is equally neglected in postcolonial studies, which should be able to provide the theoretical and historical tools to engage with the complex and instructive issues with which the Eurafrican project and its intimate links to the history of European integration confront today’s scholars.

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  • 192.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Demographic Colonialism: EU-African Migration Management and the Legacy of Eurafrica2011In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 261-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the current trajectory of EU-African migration policy. Unlike many other scholars, we suggest it must be understood in its historical context. Migration between Europe and Africa has been a European concern at least since the 1920s. At that time, issues of migration were seen in the context of a co-European colonial effort in Africa. Today, migration issues are to be resolved in the framework of a EU-African partnership model built on equality, interdependence and mutual ‘win-win’ dynamics. However, a closer look at the history of Euro-African migration reveals striking parallels between past and present. Throughout the period from the 1920s and onward, the migration policies devised within various frameworks of European integration have been shaped by demographic projections. Presumed demographic ‘imbalances’ (i.e. population surplus or deficit) have been used to justify vastly different migrant regimes. Each time demography has governed European migration policy vis-à-vis Africa, what has first been introduced as a mutual interest has quickly been transformed into a geopolitical relationship, where one partner has channelled migration to its own benefit. We argue that as long as scholars and intellectuals persist in imitating policy-makers’ disregard of European integration’s colonial history, current structural power asymmetries between the EU and Africa will not only remain obscure; we will also fail to recognize the continued, or even increasing, currency of colonial ideology in the EU’s African relations.

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  • 193.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    EU Migration Policy Towards Africa: Demographic Logics and Colonial Legacies2015In: Postcolonial Transitions in Europe: Contexts, Practices and Politics / [ed] Sandra Ponzanesi and Gianmaria Colpani, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter analyzes current EU–African migration policy, but argues that it must be understood in its historical context. Whereas migration today is to be managed in the framework of a EU–African partnership model built on equality and mutual ‘win–win’ dynamics, a closer look at the history of EU–African migration reveals striking parallels between past and present. From the 1920s onward, the migration policies devised within various frameworks of European integration have been shaped by demographic projections. Each time demography has governed European migration policy vis–à–vis Africa, what has first been introduced as a mutual interest has quickly been transformed into a geopolitical relationship, where one partner has channeled migration to its own benefit. It is thus argued that unless scholars start to attend to European integration’s crucial colonial history, current power asymmetries between the ‘partners’ will not only remain obscure, we will also fail to recognize the continued currency of colonial ideology in the EU’s African relations.

  • 194.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'Eurafrica Incognita:: The Colonial Origins of the European Union'2017In: History of the Present, ISSN 2159-9785, E-ISSN 2159-9793, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hansen and Jonsson investigate a topic of central importance to the history of European integration that has been virtually erased from scholarship. The topic once went by the name of Eurafrica and it entailed a shared European management of colonial Africa. Launched by Pan-European movements as a geopolitical idea and vision after World War I, Eurafrica gained political momentum after World War II. With the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 and the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957, Eurafrica was implemented through the association to the EEC of the colonial domains of the six founding European states, as stipulated in the Treaty of Rome. On the basis of archival and other documentation from 1920 to the 1960s, the authors show that all major movements and institutions working towards European integration placed Africa’s geopolitical and economic incorporation into the European enterprise as a key objective. A final chapter discusses how Africa’s association to the EEC impacted on the process of decolonization and shaped postcolonial Africa, and how the ‘Eurafrican legacy’ still affects the EU’s foreign relations. The authors also explain why the link between European integration and colonialism is neglected in EU studies and histories of colonialism, and they develop new theoretical perspectives on European integration in the context of global history. Signalling a paradigm shift in debates and research on the EU, Africa and colonialism, Eurafrica presents an entire vista of both new questions that need to be answered and old answers to be questioned.

  • 196.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'Eurafrika'2010In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 3, p. 5-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 197.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrika: EU:s koloniala rötter2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU presenteras ofta som ett fredsprojekt. Men bakom fasaden döljer sig en helt annan historia.

    För politiker, opinionsbildare och organisationer som från mellankrigstiden och framåt arbetade för europeisk integration stod Afrika i centrum för intresset. Exploateringen av kolonierna krävde samarbete och gemensamma investeringar. Målet var ett tredje block - Eurafrika - som skulle säkra Europas geopolitiska ställning mot de bägge supermakterna.Europas enande skulle alltså börja i Afrika.

    Eurafrika är en bok som redan väckt internationell uppmärksamhet. Den gör upp med myten om EU som fredsprojekt och konstaterar att dagens EU knappast hade existerat om det inte från början utformats som en eurafrikansk gemenskap.

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  • 198.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'Europas plantage: Afrikas plats i EU:s historia'2015In: K & K: kultur og klasse : kritik og kulturanalyse, ISSN 0905-6998, E-ISSN 2246-2589, Vol. 43, no 119, p. 55-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the history of the Eurafrican project as it evolved from the Pan-European movement in the 1920s to its institutionalization in the European Economic Community (i.e. today’s EU) in the late 1950s. By way of conclusion, the article also discusses how this history affects current relations between Africa and the EU. As shown in the article practically all of the visions, movements and concrete institutional arrangements working towards European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. European integration, it is argued, was thus inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the geopolitical discourse on Eurafrica that became politically operative in the aftermath of World War II, a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Indeed, there is strong evidence to support that these ideas were instrumental in the actual, diplomatic and political constitution of the EU, or of Europe as a political subject. As the article shows, the history of Eurafrica, which is largely ignored in scholarship on the EU as well as in colonial studies, cannot be understood within a “continentalist” framework, but prompts a reconceptualization of the historical relation Africa and Europe.

  • 199.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Imperial Origins of European Integration and the Case of Eurafrica: A Reply to Gary Marks' 'Europe and Its Empires'2012In: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 1028-1041Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article offers a critique of Gary Marks’ recent article in JCMS, entitled ‘Europe and Its Empires: From Rome to the European Union’. Although it sympathizes with Marks’ invocation of empire as a key theoretical concept and historical category in the study of European integration, it fundamentally disagrees with his ‘continentalist’ operationalization. Marks chooses to discuss the nexus of empire and European integration exclusively with reference to historical processes of imperial expansion and community formation occurring on the western European landmass. Since this methodology leaves out Europe’s maritime colonial empires, it cannot account for the mutually conditioning relations between the intra- and extra-European imperial processes. Consequently, Marks also fails to register colonialism’s decisive bearing on postwar European integration, and thus the fact that the scale of the original EEC was not delimited by the European landmass, but corresponded to the geopolitical constellation that at the time was called Eurafrica

  • 200.
    Harding, Tobias
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    IT-revolutionen och den svenska kulturens politik: Uppfattningar om ”ny teknik” i svensk kultur- och mediepolitik 1991–19982006In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 155-179Article in journal (Refereed)
1234567 151 - 200 of 712
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